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Full text of "Pictorial and biographical memoirs of Elkhart and St. Joseph counties, Indiana, together with biographies of many prominent men of northern Indiana and of the whole state, both living and dead"

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IGc 977.201 EL5p 

ipictorictl i^nd biographical 

memoirs Elkhart and St. 

Joseph Counties, Indiana 



AND 



PiCTORIflb 

SioGRapHicaij 




MBMOIRS 




El khart Z^ 
St. Joseph 
Counties 



INDIANA 



TOGETHER WITH BIOGRAPHIES OF MANY PROMINENT MEN OF 

NORTHERN INDIANA AND OF THE WHOLE 

STATE. BOTH LIVING AND DEAD. 




©h)ieago 

Soodspeed Bpotl-)OPS, Publisheps 

1895 









30HN MORRIS OOMPaNY, 

. .pHINTSRS ^ 8'^SlBRS. 



* # 




I(MD^X. 



A 

PAGE 

Arnold, Judge Joseph D 41 

Augustine, Michael 89 

Ash, Dr. William N 222 

Alley, William H 24i 

Albin, John W 316 

Anglemyer, John 347 

Arthur James A 477 

Alderman, Charles B. (deceased) 470 

Arnold, George 403 

Anderson, Leander 548 

Asire, George H 668 

App, H. B 678 

Alverson, Isaac N 681 

Atkins, Eugene 682 

Aslin, James 685 

B 

Bunch, Gilbert H 506 

Blackford, Hon. Isaac 512 

Bunch & Rensberger 514 

Brown Brothers 408 

Boone, Philip B 410 

Boyd-Snee, Harry 372 

Boss, Johann K 534 

Bechtel, Daniel (deceased) 537 

Bechtel, Samuel (deceased) 538 

Bechtel, John 539 

Bechtel, Henry 541 

Bechtel, David 542 

Blough. William D 572 

Bingham, Hon. E. Volney 617 

Beck, George 619 

Beyerle, Dr. II. J 626 

Barbour, Dr. Julius E 654 

Beatty, Dempster 667 

Borough, Dr. John 701 

Berkey, Valentine 728 

Berkey, Daniel W 730 

Berkey, Peter D 732 

Berkey, Lewis 732 

Blue, Abner 761 

Barney, Hon. (Jeorge T 31 

Barney, Samuel E 32 

Bird, George M 33 

Brodrick, John H 43 

Brodrick, jSTehemiah F 42 

Best, William W 72 

Baker, Lester F 77 

__Boyd, William R 78 

Butterworth, Dr. William W 80 

Butter%Torth, Charles II., M. D 81 

Bechtel, Rev. Amos 92 

JBraunsdorf, R. L 97 



Blocher, Christian 104 

Bechtel, Jeremiah 108 

Jrowu, Dr. Jacob R 126 

Beyrer, John 134 

Beyrer, Jacob D 134 

Butler, William A .' 141 

Blue, William 160 

Baldwin, Silas (deceased) 172 

Berkey, David 174 

Beardsley Family 178 

Beckley, Norman 180 

-Beyrer, William 134 

Balyeat, Jonathan 199 

Baumgartner, Dr. C. C 221 

Bucher, Christian 246v 

Black, Francis 280 

-Baker, Darwin H. (deceased) 283 

Boyd, John W 305 

Bogue, Prof. Byron J 311 

Banta, Harvey F 312 

Brunner, Vincent 315 

Brehmer, Charles A 320 

Barkey, John 321 

Bowers, Jacob B 325 

Berlin, Solomon (deceased) 336 

Beiger, JI. V 356 

Berteling, Dr. John B 366 

Bancroft, Zelotes 373 

Brenneraan, Rev. Daniel 455 

Brenneman, Timothy H 456 

—Butler, Hon. .John JIaynard 457 

Bemenderfer, Henry 464 

Beane, William A 494 

Bissell, Henry W 499 



Campbell, Hon. JIarviu 31S 

Curtis, Alex 358 

Colfax, Hon. Schuyler 467 

Chatten, Robert E 475 

Crull, Elliott 484 

Chester, Harry S 492 

-Curtis, Clanden K 385 

Cummins, D. E 390 

Coppes Family, The 413 

Coppes, Samuel D 415 

Coppes, John D 421 

Coppes, Frank 421 

Conrad, John 546 

Clark, Edward 560 

Chamberlsiin, Ebenezer .M 623 

Cripe, Benjamin 628 

Chandler, Uriah 629 

-Conrad, David 641 



:i 



PAGE 

Chaffee, Rev. A. B 680 

Collins, Charles II 683 

Culp Family, The 754 

Cathcart, B. F 765 

Conn, Hon. Charles G 26 

Campbell, E. A 57 

Chase, C. H 58 

Cook, John 61 

Crockett, Elmer 66 

Cunningham, Oliver JI 91 

Clayton, Thomas 121 

-Chamberlain, Capt. Orville T 135 

Cowan, William, Sr 142 

Carpenter, Chauncey C 144 

Calvert, Thomas D. (deceased) 149 

Carpenter. D 187 

Caldwell Cassius 203 

Chirhart, Jacob H 206 

Corby, Very Rev. William, C. S. C 210 

-Cripe, Samuel F 226 

Chalfant, Thomas B 229 

-Cummins, Stephen M., D. D. S 249 

-Cripe, Peter 251 

Cordrey, Moses A 252 

-Clark, C. H 254 

Czyzewski, Rev. Valentine, C. S. C 271 

D 

Dudley, Gen. W. W 37 

Dodge, Capt. Henry C 51 

Dodge, James S 53 

Defrees, Calvert H 87 

Dotson, Ale.xander 161 

Donaldson, William B 188 

Delotter, J. M 282 

Daugherty, Dr. C. A 297 

Defrees, .Tared 362 

Defrees, Dr. Henry J 361 

De Coudres, Louis 4.50 

Davenport, John 488 

Davenport, John B 488 

Davis, Hon. W. J 503 

Dell, Jacob H 660 

Dausman, llichael (deceased) 710 

Dinehart, Leonard 757 

E 

English, Hon. William H 40 

Elder, John 68 

Elbel, Henry F 121 

Endley, Will A 123 

Ellis, John W 128 

Elsea, Edwin M 164 

Eaton, Jacob 268 

Eberhart, Fredrick George, Jr 371 

Ernst. John S 379 

Elliott, Byron K 470 

Eby, Jacob 387 

Eby, Jacob B ;?88 

Ellis. Prof. Georse W 530 

Eberhart, Adolphus 673 

Evans, Stephen 768 

F 

Finn, Edwin 40 

Fister, George H 46 

Fischer, Henry 69 



FrjTnan, Eleazer 106 

Fink, Peter 112 

Fiekenscher, Henry H 2'Sli 

Foster, Edson 243 

French, Cornelius A 269 

Funk, Walter A 329 

Fassnacht, C 3,57 

Forstbauer, Gottlieb ' 36O 

Folk, George 485 

Fair, E. D .'."''. 520 

Fredrick, Jonas 401 

Frank, Leonard H 529 

Freese, George, Sr 584 

Freese, Bernhard 586 

Freese, George, J r 586 

Freese, John F 587 

Freese, Edward 587 

Frank, Charles 599 

c 

Gilman, E. T 50 

Gaskill, C. J 95 

Gaskill,H. L 96 

Godfrey, Dr. Julia D 107 

Greene, Jackson 126 

Gillette, C. J 143 

Goff, Frank L 156 

Goldman, F. J I63 

Gordon, Alexander 167 

Geisinger, Henry 173 

Good, Samuel, (deceased) 190 

Gooley, Lewis 207 

Griner, Simon 225 

Greenwood, Andrew J 232 

Green, C. W 267 

Gaylor, Albert 318 

Gaylor, Albert 319 

Gaines, Jesse H 349 

Gardner, Joseph E 468 

Gray, Hon. Isaac P 483 

Grimes, Dr. John H 395 

Greene, Dr. J. B 645 

Grimes, Dr. .James F 722 

Good, Isaac S 748 

H 

Harris, Dr. J. F 35 

Hubbard, Horace S 44 

Hendricks, Thomas A 47 

Hubbell, Hon. Orrin Z 60 

Holdeman, William H 76 

Hull, Louis A 100 

Haun, Jeremiah 102 

Haeske, Charles JI. R 120 

Hess, Israel 155 

Hire, John 161 

Hoover, Abraham 186 

Hixon, Henry W 258 

Hillier, Samuel A 276 

Higgins, Henrv D 295 

Howard, Hon. Timothy E 307 

Halford, Elijah W 341 

Hoover, Samuel, (deceased) 351 

Hawkins, William W 366 

Harrison, William Henry 375 

Houser, Daniel W 460 

Hammond, Gov. .\bram A 461 



PAfiE 

Huff, Eli 3 470 

Habey, John B 476 

Hass, William 478 

High, Jesse E 487 

Hovey, Gen. Alvin Peterson 498 

Hose, Jacob 384 

Harrison, Gen. Benjamin 407 

Henkel, Charles D 552 

Hubbell,Abiiah L 565 

Hoke, Henry 571 

Hoover, David L 573 

Himbaugh, John 583 

Harper, John 603 

Heatwole, Joseph H., >I. D 606 

Heatwole, Joel P 608 

Hawks Family, The 648 

Herr, Elbridge G 666 

Hill, S. Wesley and Thomas J 671 

Hay, John 684 

Hobbs, W. R 689 

Hire, Jesse 699 

Helminger, Christian 7904 

Hapner, Abraham 709 

Hascall, Gen. Milo S 721 

Hudson, A. L 738 

Herring, Frederick Arnold, M. U 763 

Ireland, David A 62 

Inmel, Cassius JI 182 

Inks, John S., >I. D 277 

Inks, Thomas 277 

Iflert, Louis 354 

Irwin, John W 522 

Inbody, Nicholas 624 

Inwood, William 694 

J 

Johnson, Col. Ruel II 18 

Johnson, L. H 65 

Johnson, H. D 115 

Jones, Seth A 155 

Jennings, Dr. James W 191 

Johnson, John J 239 

Jackson, Newton 278 

Jetton, William L 301 

Jemegan, Edward Allen 343 

Jaquith, Charles W 374 

Jackson, Francis JI 384 

Judkins, W. H 393 

Jackson, Dr. Amos C 590 

Johnson, William Warren, M. D 605 

Juday, John S 656 

Juday, John N 747 

K 

Kurtz, Paul H 96 

Kauffman, Solomon M 215 

Kavanash, James 224 

Kiefer, G. Frank 234 

Knepp, Albert J 251 

Kilmer, Dr. Samuel L 303 

Kantz, Jacob 324 

Kuntsman, ilrs. Sophia 339 

Kamm, Adolph 352 

Kizer, E. W 380 

Kutz, Charles E 466 



„ , _ PACK 

Kerstetter, James L 496 

Knott, Asa (deceased) 533 

Kurtz, Leander P 549 

Krau, John 559 

Kurtz, Daniel P 560 

Kent, A. P 583 

Kercher, William 614 

Kinnison, Edwin W 647 

Kindig, Mrs. Laura A 653 

Kantz, Harvey W 680 

Kendrick, Charles U 703 

Kauffman, Hon. J. S 762 



Liphart, Conrad 63 

Liphart, Charles H 64 

Loughman, George W 81 

Leibole, E. I 86 

Longhman, J. H 93 

Loucks, Jacob 99 

Lower, Daniel ' 117 

Lehman, D. A 270 

Leeper, Samuel 272 

Longley, Hon. W. H 316 

Lcepei*, David Rohrer 332 

Lent, Dr. E. J ' 455 

Lake, Richard C , 462 

Long, Daniel E 48O 

Layton, Willis 497 

Landon, Calvin C 511 

Lesh, Hon. John H 517 

Laidlaw, Edwin C 411 

Leer, Daniel 556 

Lowry, John 557 

Li vengood, Isaac 558 

Lehman, John D 566 

Lusher, John, Sr 587 

Lumbert, O. N 600 

Lang, Frederick 602 

Latta, James M 643 

Lohr, Prof. Eugene F 661 

Lockwood, Dr. "Reuben L 693 

Luke, John 697 

Long, Martin 704 

Latta, Milton Miller, M. D .'. 712 

j Lederer, John N 736 

Landis, Christian 757 

M 

Matthews, Gov. Claude 17 

Miles, Dr. Franklin 28 

McBride, Hon. Robert W 29 

Middleton, William D 34 

Mosier, Hon. Cyrus F 48 

Morton, Hon. Oliver Perry 55 

Maxon, Strafford 59 

May, V. N ;;; 65 

Murray, Gordon Noel 73 

Mueller, Fredrick W 84 

McDowell, William 108 

Mack, William 113 

Jliller, William 136 

toiler, John F 137 

McConaughy, Mrs. Jane 153 

-Miller, David 157 

Mather, Jonathan R 175 

Miller, W. C ..', 176 



/ 



V. 



o 



PAGE 

Merritt, Byron E. (deceased) 185 

filler, Joshua D 193 

Mulligan, Joseph E 215 

Myers.J. H 217 

Mather, George D 221 

Mather, George D 222 

McCombB, William 247 

Mellinger, John C 295 

McMichael, William C 299 

-MeMichael, John 298 

Minnick, Jacob 322 

-Myers, Jacob D 338 

-Miller, Jacob B 368 

Myler, Robert 370 

Mother Mary of St. Angela 377 

Mitchell and Lent, Drs 452 

Minnich, F. V. B 481 

Milburn, George 493 

Monroe, John (deceased) 495 

Mangun, Hanson G 504 

Manning, John 505 

McDonald, Hon. Joseph Ewing 506 

Moore, John, M. D 519 

Moon, C. W 524 

Martin, John H .. 389 

McKnight, Milton 391 

McDonald, Albert 394 

McDonald, John J 396 

-Miller, Eli. 397 

■Miller, Eli 398 

Michael, Edmund (deceased) 532 

Meader, Myron E 546 

Michael, John 547 

McMains, Abraham 552 

McAllister, William A 553 

Miller, Elder James H 576 

Miller, Adam B 577 

^yers, Bethana A 592 

Miller, David C 596 

Mercer, Milton 621 

McNaughton, John 625 

Miller, Thomas 627 

Mennonite Publishing Company, The 632 

Michael, A. B ' 639 

Moyer, Samuel 646 

Meyer, F. J. Lewis 663 

-^Miller, William 672 

McDonald, ilartin 1 682 

JIuaser, Ephraim 690 

Musser, Joseph 691 

Miller, David B 698 

-Myers, Michael F 712 

Mitchell, John W ^35 

Mengea, Andrew J 739 

-Miller, Alfred B. (deceased) 740 

MUler, William H 139 

McCoy, Luther 751 

N 

Neal, Dr. William A 39 

Nickel, Louis 90 

Nichols, Prosper 1^ 

Newman, John J -. 152 

-Newman, Eli 376 

^eff, Josephus 380 

Nickels, Jonathan W 516 

Neff, Samuel C 402 



PAGE 

Nicholson, G. Ross 744 

Newell, Uncle Nathaniel 749 

o 

-ewen, Robert 33 

■eiiver, James 302 

Osbom, Hon. Albert 474 

Ott, Jacob F 658 

Oechtering, Very Rev. August B 726 

Oren, William H 736 

Ouderkirk, Andrew H 756 

P 

Perley, Samuel S 119 

Phillips, Peter 149 

Peffley, E. H 158 

Pfeiffer Brothers and Descendants 232 

Putt, Dr. Franklin L 234 

Prescott, Oramel 263 

-Phillips, Melvin R 369 

Pierce, Dr. W. A 371 

Poorman, Samuel F 459 

Pontius, John H 463 

-Peffley, Daniel W 464 

Porter, Albert G 486 

Price, Benjamin F 404 

Paulus, Henry 549 

Phillips, Dan (deceased) 554 

Platter, William D ' 581 

Pooley, Nathan 595 

Pippinger, Daniel E 602 

Pepple, Solomon 640 

Pippenger, Jacob D 696 

Perkins, Pardon J 766 

Q 

Quigg, John H 271 

R 

Reamer, Jacob H 82 

Rensberger, Noah 85 

-Hockstroh, George J 87 

Rockhill, William D 88 

Rupel, Robert D. 90 

Rutherford, William A 102 

Rodibaugh, David 114 

-^Rodibaugh, Lorenzo D 116 

RusseU, E. B 116 

Ritter, Jacob 197 

Redmond, John 216 

Robison, James L 228 

Riddell, George H 285 

Robinson, Lucius K 300 - 

Rummel, Isaiah 341 

Rich, George W 482 

Rockwell, Edward P 484 

Romaine, Franklin G 486 

Ross, Capt. William R 509 

Rowell, George P 564 

Roach, James A 589 

Sensberger, Samuel 601 

Hodibaugh, David D 605 

Reed, Abraham 1 636 

Raffensperger, Adam 636 

Rarick, John H 643 

liomaine, Samuel B. (deceased) 658 

Rood, L. B 686 



PAGE 

Rahrer, John D 715 

-Rood, Nelson 686 

•^ensberger, C. S 515 

Reynolds, James 769 

-Reynolds, John 772 

S 

Stephens, Andrew 36 

State, James H 37 

-Stephens, Benjamin F 38 

Sage, Jlartin G., (deceased) 44 

-Sage, Norman 56 

Stover, George H 65 

Studebaker, Samuel W 67 

Schropp, Ira S 79 

StaiifEer, Dr. H. R '. 79- 

Slabaugh, Wilson 83 

Sternbers, John 94 

Smith, James McM 105 

Smeltzer, John -109 

Spohn, Dr. G. W 151 

Sykes, H. B 159 

Stiver, Joseph 168 

Schrock, Jacob D 179 

"Schrock, Abraham 195 

Schrock, Yost 196 

Stutzman, Joseph J 206' 

Showalter, George W 208 

-Schrock, Rev. Benjamin 212 

Stutz, Christian 211 

Slear, J. W 242 

-Smith, John H 262 

Schindler, John J 275 

Smith, Barney C 276 

Staufier, Henry 279 

Studebaker, Clem 287 

Schindler, William N 289 

Stahly, Christian 290 

Stahly, Peter H 293 

Swanger, John Q 299 

Stevens, Horace H 306 

Sorin, Very Rev. Edward 331 

Staley, M. B 354 

Sibley, Irving A 359 

Stover, Lewis T 365 

_Snee, Harry Boyd, M. D 372 

Smoker, .Jacob 447 

Shively, George B 448 

Shively, Marvin H 449 

Stouffer, Christian K 459 

Slaughter, John Burdick 469 

Smith, John A 481 

Shinn, Isaac 494 

Shidler, A. W 501 

Smith, John S., (deceased) 513 

Stewart, John 518 

Scoles, Samuel 523 

Sandilands, Mrs. Dorothy 390 

Stouder, Christian 402 

Strycker, Solomon J 406 

Sawyer, Lester 529 

Service, .Jeremiah 530 

Stump, Solomon 536 

Stump, Ephraim 537 

Sims, Professor William H 542 

Smoker, Daniel 574 

Smoker, John 575 



_ PAGE 

-Shrock, Daniel D 578 

Swartz, C. W 593 

Stoll, John B 609 

Stutsman, Rev. Benjamin F 637 

Starr, Thomas 665 

Shock, George W 677 

Shank, Abraham 677 

Schafer, D. B. 1 679 

-Smith, Milo A 692 

Schwin, John 695 

-Smeltzer, Daniel 726 

Sensenich A. S., M. D 727 

Simon, Jacob S 733 

-Smeltzer, Anthony. 110 

Stevens, Edwin H..! 751 

T 

Turner, Perry L 36 

Thompson, Hon. Richard W 43 

-Turner, Dr. Porter 45 

Trisinger, Frederick 101 

Thompson, Mark B 120 

Thornton, John 182 

Troyer, Jeremiah 204 

Teters, Dr. Benjamin F 228 

Thomas, George A., Ph. G., 231 

Thorp, Dr. A. L...-. 314 

Tumock, Joseph 393 

-Thomas, William Andrea 630 

Towle, Charles G 640 

Thomas, Dr. Warren U 738 

Taylor, Col. L. JI., (deceased) 774 

u 

Ulery Familv 422 

Ulery, Levi D 426 

TJlery, John D 426 

Ulery, Samuel 427 

UUery, Joseph C 428 

Ulery, Joseph, (deceased) 429 

Ulery, Samuel F , 430 

Ulery, John 431 

Ulery, Jacob L 432 

Ulery,Levi 433 

Umbaugh, Christian 618 

Ummel, Joseph 748 

V 

Vincent, E. J 85 

Violett, Isaiah 158 

Vail Jesse D 170 

Vauderlip, W. B 260 

Van Dinter, Louis H 286 

Vannuys, Harvey L., D. I) 467 

Voorheea, Hon. Daniel W 495 

Vanderhoof, E. R 690 

Violett, John H 718 

— w 

Winchester, Charles H 54 

Walters, Jacob S 70 

Wills, Emanuel R 88 

Wisler, Oliver P HI 

Wilhelm, Alexander Ill 

Waldorf, B. F 119 

Wolf, Hon. Thomas J 125 

Witter, George 1 138 . 



PAGE 

Weddel, James E 145 

Wickwire, W. F 169 

Witter, George 198 

Work, Abel E 209 

Walmer, John 213 

Winebrenner, Peter 230 

West, W. F 248 

Willard, E. P 257 

Williams, Isaac .1. 313 

Ward, Wilbert 323 

Walters, George S 329 

-Ward, Jacob 330 

Woolverton, Jacob 344 

Winkler Brothers 355 

Walsh, Rev. Thomas C 376 

Wisler Family, The 434 

-Wisler, Jonas 437 

-Wisler, Jacob H 438 

-Wisler, Isaac 439 

Wisler, Johns 442 

-Wisler, Albert 443 

-Wisler,David 443 

Wisler, James M 444 

Wliisler, John H 440 

Wysong, Henry 444 

~Wysong, Josiah 445 

'Wysong Family 446 

Wysong, Kev. Daniel 44 1 

Willard, Hon. Ashbel P 463 

Walter, John U 46o 

■Williams, Gov. James D 476 

Wahl, Jacob, (deceased) "491 

=Wahl, William F 492 



PAGE 

Walker, Edward W 512 

Watkins, Mrs. Sarah 515 

Wilson, Hon. Henry D 521 

Weis, Henry 405 

Whitmer, David 527 

— Whitmer, Isaac 528 

Weamer, Robert H 567 

Weldy, Abraham 568 

JSCeldy, Jacob B 569 

-Weldy, John K 570 

Walk, Hon. John B 582 

-Walters, John H 589 

Wenger, Martin L 662 

Weaver, David P 708 

Whippy, William A., M. D 714 

Wright, William B 735 

■Wilson, William W 737 

Wickham, Dr. W. A 7*5 

Wood, Charles 753 



Toder, Jacob 150 

Yant, John 351 

Yenn, Simon Jl 623 

Yoder, Joseph 632 



Zeitler, John V 244 

Zigler, John W 340 

Zook, Daniel 422 

Zinn, George W 664 

Zook, Daniel 716 



riLUSTSATWyS. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



PAGE 

Matthews, Gov. Claude 48-49 

Johnson, Col. Ruel M 80-81 

Dodge, James S 12»-130 

Conn, Hon. C. G 147-148 

Hascall, Gen. Milo 16.5-166 

Stoll, Hon. J. B 183-184 

BisseU, Henry W 301-202 

Thomas, Dr. W. H 219-220 

McMichael, W. C 237-338 

Willard, E. P 355-256 

Chamberlain, Capt. Orville T 373-374 

Neal, Dr. W. A 391-293 

Howard, Hon. T. E 309-310 

Baldwin, Silas (deceased) 327-328 

Oilman, E. T 345-346 

Hubbell, Hon. 0. Z 363-364 

Kilmer, Dr. S. L 381-382 

Nickel, Louis 399-400 

Miles, Dr. Franklin 435-436 



PAGE 

Cummins, D. E 453-454 

Elliott, Hon. B. K 471-472 

Cummins, Dr. S. M 489-490 

Ross, Capt. W. R 507-508 

Collins, CM.. 52.5-526 

Greene, Dr. J. B 543-544 

Perley, 3. S 561-.562 

Turner, Perry L 579-580 

Schropp, Ira 8 597-.598 

Longley, W. H 615-616 

Gulp, H. J 633-634 

Newell, Nathaniel 651-6.52 

Walmer, John 669-670 

Butler. Hon. J. M 687-688 

Gray, Hon. I. P 705-706 

English. Hon. W. H 723-724 

Chase, Hon. I. J 741-742 

Farmers' and Traders' Bank 416 

Coppes' Hotel 419 



ERRATA. 



The name Kizer on page 380 is improperly printed Kiger. 

D. B. I. Schafer on page 679 should be D.'B. J. Schafer. 

In the sketch of Mother Mary of St. Angela, page 377, it should be noted that Gen. Sher- 
man's wife died before he did, and that the eatablishment at Salt Lake was not compelled to 
rely upon the protection of the Government. 

On page 566, in the sketch of Abijah L. Hubbell, the following additions came too late to 
be properly corrected. Ruth was bom July 19, 1886, and Helen H. was bom May 24, 1888. 



/ 



§ 



w 









I Preface. 



9^1 




1142575 



HE publishers, witl) much pleasure, present this beautiful volume to 
their frieuds and patrons for whom it is prepared. It will be found to 
be a valuable work, full of interesting personal and historical reminiscences 
of many of the leading families and many of the most important occurrences 
in the eventful past of the two counties. Every individual or family sketch 
was carefully type- written and submitted by mail to a representative of the 
family and, in nearly every instance, was corrected and promptly returned to 
the publishers, thus insuring almost absolute accuracy. If mistakes are found 
in the few sketches that were not returned, the publishers, as is their custom, 
stand ready to correct the same by special errata sheet to be sent to every sub- 
scriber. The illustrations will be found to add very materially to the value of 
the book. We are satisfied our work will bear the closest scrutiny and sustain 
our well-known reputation for accuracy and fidelity. 

The Publishers. 




"pio-topial cind iBiogroipl^ical 

]M[EMOIRS 

OF 

ELKHART AND ST. JOSEPH COUNTIES, 
INDIANA. 



OV. CLAUDE MATTHEWS, recently elected by the Democratic party 
governor of Indiana, is a son of Thomas A. and Eliza (Fletcher) Mat- 
thews, both branches of the family being farmers, and his maternal grand- 
father serving as one of Kentucky's representatives in Congress. He was born 
December 14, 1845, in Bath county, of the Blue Grass State. He attended 
such schools as the comitry afforded until fifteen years of age, when he 
removed to Mason county, his father having purchased a farm near Mays- 
ville. Here the schools were better, of which he availed himself by riding sis 
miles each way daily. In 1863 he entered Centre College, Danville, Ky. , 
from which he graduated in June, 1867. January 1, 1868, occurred his marriage 
with Martha R. Whitcomb (only child of the late James Whitcomb, governor of 
ludiana, 1843 to 1849), and same year removed to his farm near Clinton, Vermillion 
county, this State, where he has ever since resided, engaged quite extensively in 
grain and stock farming. Vermillion county has always been strongly Republican, 
but in 1876 he was persuaded to make the race for the legislature, and was elected by 
nearly three hundred majority, notwithstanding that the county that year was 
nearly four hundred Republican on the State ticket. Mr. Matthews, in 1882, made 
the race for the State Senate in the district composed of Parke and Vermillion 
counties, and although this district was Republican by 1000 majority, he was de- 
feated by less than three hundred. In 1890 he was called upon to head the State 
ticket for secretary of State and was elected by nearly twenty thousand. At the late 
State Convention of 1892, although a candidate for renominatiou as secretary of State, 
his party again placed him at the head of the ticket as candidate for governor. Mr. 
Matthews has always been engaged in farming, that being his sole interest, and in- 
tends returning to that work at the close of his official life. He has been prominent 
in the stock-breeding interests of the State, especially in short horn cattle. He 
was also an active member and is yet of the Farmers Mutual Benefit Association, 
anfl was president of his county assembly at the time of his election as secretary of 
State. 



18 PICTORIAL JJiD BIOGRAPHICAL 

Hon. David Turpie, one of the present senators from Indiana, in the United 
States Congress, is justly recognized as a man of superior ability and one of the 
foremost lawyers of the State. After receiving a good practical education he studied 
■law, was admitted to the bar at Logausport, Ind., in 1>>49. wa.s appointed judge of 
the common pleas court in 1854, and in 1856 was elected to the bench of the circuit 
court. In 1853, and again in 1858, he was elected to the lower house of the State 
Legislature. In 1863 he was elected United States seuator to succeed Gov. Joseph 
A. Wright, and after the expiration of his term was engaged in the practice of his 
profession in Indianapolis. He also served Marion county in the State Legislature 
several terms and the session of 1874-75 was elected speaker. In 1878 he was 
appointed one of the three commissioners selected to revise the laws of Indiana and as 
such served three years. In 1886 he received the appointment from President 
Cleveland of United States district attorney for the State of Indiana sei-ving as such 
until March 3, 1887. He was elected to his present seat of United States senator 
February 2, 1887, and the day foUowing bis retirement from the United States 
marshalship witnessed his induction to a membership in the highest legislative body 
of our land. Judge Turpie is not only a Democrat in the highest political sense 
of the word, but is a Democrat in the widest acceptation of the term. Of unques- 
tioned ability, a ready debater, a fluent orator, he stands today among the fore- 
most men of the State. 

Col. Kdel M. Johnson. The story of the life of the worthy citizen should be 
given to the public. It should be read by all our people, that they may profit by 
the example. Its lessons should be studied, and the good they inculcate impressed 
upon the minds of the youth of our land. All may glean from them kernels of 
wisdom tor present use and store up knowledge and information which will be of 
benefit in after life. It is of such a citizen that we write. It is to such a man that 
we here point the public mind and direct the people's thought. The story of the 
life of the subject of this sketch is no ordinary one; for few men in the State have a 
more brilliant record as a soldier, or a more upright and distinguished one as a 
civilian, than Col. Ruel M. Johnson, of Elkhart, Ind. Of none can it well be said 
that his record can be more profitably perused by the living, or with greater pro- 
priety be transmitted to the future for the benefit of those who will come after us. 

The month of August, 1862. was one of the darkest for our country of all the 
gloomy periods of our late Civil war. Many and terrible disasters had befallen our 
brave armies at the front, and cast their darkest gloom over the homes of the loyal 
North. The demand for reinforcements to fill up the depleted ranks among the 
brave soldiers in the field was very great, and notwithstanding the most energetic 
efforts of loyal men everywhere, and their eloquent appeals to the patriotism of the 
people, many localities failed to respond with their proper quotas, and the minds of 
men desponded and their hearts shuddered lest the cause of the union should fail, 
and the Government be overthrown. 

In this dark hour of our country's history, Ruel M. Johnson, then a mere youth, 
studying law at Goshen, this State, threw aside his law books, and, announcing his 
determination to join the armies of the union and fight for the old flag and the 
grand cause it represented, went out among the citizens of his county, and asked 
them to accompany him to the seat of war, and aid in the defense of the Govern- 
ment. So fervent were his appeals to their patriotism, and so effective his eloquent 
requests to come with him, that in the short space of five days more than one hun- 
dred of the brave sons of Elkhart county's yeomanry enrolled themselves under 
his leadership, and. promptly electing him as their captain, tendered their service to 
the Government, were accepted and later became Company D of the now renowned 
One Hundredth Regiment of Indiana Infantry Volunteers. On reporting his com- 
pany to the adjutant general of the State, as ready to march, Capt. Johnson was 
directed to proceed by wagon to Warsaw, and there he would be furnished with 
transportation bv the commandant of the district to Fort Wayne, the rendezvous 
for the regiment of which his company was to form a part. 



JTEilOIRS OF INDIANA. 19 

To obtaiQ tlie necessary aumber of wagons to take a hundred men to Warsaw 
was no easy matter; but the young officer was equal to the emergency. The day 
his company was to proceed to Warsaw was also the day the '" No n- Com bat ants " 
of the county had been ordered to appear before the county board to be relieved 
from liability for military dut}', and hundreds of them with their wagons and teams, 
lined the streets of Goshen, coming as they did from all parts of the county to be 
excused from taking up arms in defense of the Government extending them pro- 
tection. Capt. Johnson, rightly deemed these people proper subjects for "tribute," 
and as they were there to secure exemption from military duty, while his men were 
going to the " front " to bear the burden of these " Non-Combatanta " as well as 
that of themselves, he at once pressed them, their wagons and teams into service, 
and thus compelled them to contribute toward the defense of their conntry, by 
transporting, free of charge, the men of Company D to Warsaw, on their way to 
the seat of war. It is probable that this is the first instance during the war, of en- 
forcing the "Sherman bummer" policy in any loyal State. 

Arriving with his command at Warsaw, this young officer found a still greater 
difficulty to surmount. The Government had failed to provide transportation for 
his men to Fort Wayne, and the Pennsylvania railroad officials refused to carry 
them to that point unless they paid their fare. The Captain and his friends offered 
to guarantee the fare, knowing that the commandant of the district, who was then 
at Fort Wayne superintending the sending of other troops to the " front, " would 
furnish the proper transportation as soon as they reached there, but this wonld not 
satisfy the railroad conductor, and the latter refused to move his train unless the 
men were taken off the cars, or their fare paid in money. Capt. Johnson had 
courage, but no money, and, having explained the circumstances and offered 
to guarantee the fare, without avail, taking out his watch and looking the conductor 
in the eye, made the following forcible little speech: "Mr. Conductor — My men 
are here on their way to the seat of war; they have been ordered to Fort Wayne, 
and they are going there to night and on this train; I have offered everything that 
is fair. Now, I will give you just five minutes' time in which to make up your mind 
to take them there without further parley. If you do not conclude to do so in that 
time, I will put my owu men on the engine, take possession of the train, and run it 
through to Fort Wayne myself." 

Before the time expired the conductor capitulated, the gallant captain and his 
men were taken into camp, and this is also the first capture of a railroad train, prob- 
ably, that took place during the war. The determination, decision of character arid 
courage thus early evinced by this young officer characterized his whole subsequent 
conduct during the war, and many times saved his men from various hardships and 
privations. From Fort Wayne this company was soon moved to Camp Morton, 
Indianapolis, where the One Hundredth Regiment, of which it formed a part, was duly 
organized and ordered to Memphis,Tenn., there becoming a part of the grand "Old Fif- 
teenth Army Corps," commanded by Gen. Sherman, and constituting a part of the 
army of Gen. Grant, then beginning the movement on Vicksburg. Col. Johnsop 
and his command bore a conspicuous part in all the actions and movements leading 
up to the capitulation of Vicksburg and the capture of Jackson, the capital of Missis- 
sippi. 

His regiment was ever afterward continued a part of the Fifteenth Army Corps 
which was originally organized by Gen. Sherman, and with that great commander 
took part in the campaign to relieve the garrison at Chattanooga, and also accom- 
panied him in his grand march from Atlanta to the sea. At the battle of Missionary 
Bidge, his regiment, of which he had previously been made major for gallant con- 
duct in the field, gained the distinction of being the first to reach the summit when 
the ridge was stormed. In this brilliant engagement, which was purely a voluntary 
movement of the whole army of Grant, Maj. Johnson, who had just come into com- 
mand of his regiment through the disability of his superior, greatly distinguished 



aO PICTORIAL AJS'B BIOGR.WHICAL 

himself, being ia the tbickest of the fight, having his horse shot from onder him, 
receiving four bullets through his coat, and being slightly wounded by a piece of 
shell in the riglit cheek. After pursuing Bragg to Brayaville, the regiment with 
other troops was detached to relieve Burnside at Knoxville, which having been suc- 
cessfully accomplished they returned, suffering sorely for food and raiment, and took 
up winter quarters at Scotsboro, Ala. ; but were soon ordered to garrison Bellefonte, 
Ala. 

Here Maj. Johnson thoroughly drilled his regiment, and placed them on an 
excellent war footing. It had the reputation of being one of the best drilled regi- 
ments of the Fifteenth Army Corps, being able to execute "on the double quick "any 
movement laid down in the tactics. When the spring of 1864 arrived, the whole 
Federal army prepared for an active and aggressive campaign. The rebels were de- 
fiant; Grant seemed almost the only Federal commander who could win battles; en- 
listments in the North, owing to the efforts of treasonable organizations and other 
causes, were slow, and the gloomiest period of the war approached and cast its dark- 
ness on the land. Bat the resolute soldiers in the field girded on their armor and 
prepared to carry the struggles, as the South itself said, " to the last ditch." The 
One Hundredth Regiment, still a part of the Fifteenth Army Corps, was attached to Gen. 
McPherson's army of the Tennessee, and with it moved toward Atlanta. It fought 
at Snake Creek Gap, Resaca, Dallas, New Hope Church, Big Shanty, Keanesaw 
Mountain, Nickajack Creek. Chattahooche River, Decatur, Cedar Bluffs, Jonesboro, 
Lovejoy and Atlanta. At the battle of Resaca, Maj. Johnson, with a heavy skir- 
mish line, flanked a rebel brigade, which, with a battery, was holding Osterhaus' 
Division in check, and drove it from its works, receiving great praise from Gen. 
McPherson, who was present on the field and observed the movement. Gen. Har- 
row, commanding the division, in his official report of this battle, says: "On the 
morning of the 13th of May, when near the Calhoun road, the command was formed 
in order of battle. The First Brigade, Col. Reuben Williams, Twelfth Indiana Vol- 
unteers, on the left of the first division; the Second Brigade, then Col. Charles C. 
Wolcott, Forty-sixth Ohio, and the Third Brigade, Col. John M. Oliver, Fifteenth 
Michigan, in the reserve, and in this order moved upon the enemy, meeting but lit 
tie opposition until the open road on the left of the Resacca road was reached. 
Here the skirmishers under Maj. Johnson, One Hundredth Indiana Volunteers, were 
pushed rapidly forward and drove the enemy into his works on the ridge west of 
Resaca. At this time, Capt. Griffith's First Iowa Battery placed two guns in posi- 
tion, and under cover from the fire of these guns the skirmishers were again ad- 
vanced by Maj. Johnson, and drove the enemy from his rifle pits on the road." Col. 
Albert Heath, commanding the One Hundredth Indiana Volunteers, in his report of 
the part taken by his regiment in this battle, says: " My officers and men conducted 
themselves gallantly, but I shall do injustice did I not make special mention of Maj. 
R. M. Johnson, of my regiment, who was in command of the skirmish line of your 
brigade, for his coolness, prudence and gallantry, and I most earnestly hope he may 
be properly rewarded for the great service he rendered that day, riding along the 
whole line of skirmishers, inspiring the men by his heroic example and personally 
directing every movement. Before the capture of Marietta, Ga., Maj. Johnson was 
temporarily detached from his regiment and made chief skirmish officer of his divis- 
ion of the Fifteenth Army Corps, and as such opened the battle of Kennesaw Mount- 
ain, capturing the outer line of the enemy before daybreak, which made it possible 
for him and his skirmishers to, and they did, reach the summit of the mountain, the 
first of any of Sherman's army. At Dallas a duty was performed by Maj. Johnson 
which deserves special mention. The Fifteenth Army Corps under Gen. Logan oc- 
cupied the right flank of Sherman's army and was in position with its battle line in 
the form of an " L," with its outer side toward the enemy. The skirmish line 
covering its front was some three miles long. The enemy was holding Altoona pass 
with his lines well secured on either side of the same. To drive him from his posi- 



ilEilOIRS OF INDIANA. 21 

tion by a direct assault was Dext to impossible. Sherman concluded to force him 
out of this impregnable position by a flank movement to the left. This required 
the Fifteenth Corps to be withdrawn from his right and moved toward and to extend 
his left flank. It was a movement not easily accomplished without loss, because it 
must be done in the face of the enemy. By command of Gen. Logan, Maj. Johnson 
was placed in charge of this long line of skirmishers covering the front of the Fif- 
teenth Corps, with instructions to so manage it if possible as to conceal the move- 
ment of the troops in changing from the right to the left flank of the army, and then 
withdraw them and rejoin his command. The space between the contending forces 
was covered with a thick growth of underbrush which contributed to the success of 
the movement. At midnight Maj. Johnson passed along his line and gave instruc- 
tions to the various officers on duty, and soon thereafter fire was opened all along 
his line, indicating to the enemy that an attack was imminent, while the infantry at 
the same time began its movement from its works to the rear and left flank of our 
army. By daybreak our forces were all at a safe distance to the rear and some 
three miles from their former works and in new works, prepared to resist any attack 
the enemy might make upon them. Seeing this, Maj. Johnson commenced to with- 
draw his skirmishes from the enemy's front and so skillfully did he do this duty and 
80 well had he managed the line during the movement of the main bodv of the 
troops, that not only did the enemy fail to discover their withdrawal during the time 
the movement was being made, but even his skirmishers were utterly ignorant of 
the withdrawal of their support until they had been brought off their line and as- 
sembled in the rear at the angle of the "' L, " when the gravity and danger of the 
situation flashed upon them, as they saw that in order to reach their command and 
join our forces they must march at least three miles parallel with and not more than 
a hundred rods distant from the enemy's lines, with nothing between them and to 
screen them from the enemy's observation and consequently certain capture than a 
mere strip of woods happily grown up with underbrush and densely covered with 
forest trees. At first, as was natural, they were disposed to seek safety in flight. 
That feeling prevailed but for a moment. There they stood, three hundred men 
and officers, looking each other in the eyes, and those eyes flashing back to each the 
intelligence that safety was to be found only in remaining calm and cool and trust- 
ing all to the skill and courage of the officer who had brought them thus far out of 
their dilemma All eyes were turned to the Major. Coolly dismounting from his 
horse and fastening him to a- tree near by, as though no enemy were in miles of 
them, he commanded them to fill their haversacks with hardtack found in boxes left 
behind by the troops when they moved out of their works. This restored their 
courage and dispersed their fears. They filled their haversacks with the " soldier's 
comforter," and prepared themselves to join their commands as if it were but an 
ordinary march, when in truth it was the most dangerous and hazardous one made 
by them during the war. To keep up the appearance of security of the situation, 
the Major, mounting his horse, with a loud ringing voice gave the command to " fall 
in," "forward, march," as if no enemy were within an hundred miles of that local- 
ity, and all along that "parallel line of march " he insisted that as much noi.se 
should be made by his men as if they were with the entire army. Upon approaching 
the new works where our troops were drawn up in readiness to resist an expected 
attack from the enemy, the Major and his command struck up the refrain, '' We'll 
Hang Jeff. Davis on a Sonr Apple Tree," and this was taken up by the "bovs" 
within the trenches and ran along the whole line of the Fifteenth Corps and no 
song was ever more lustily sung by any body of troops or more enjoyed bv those 
thus safely arriving within our lines. On reaching the works. General Logan, who 
with his staff had come out to receive this Spartan band of soldier skirmishers, 
warmly greeted them and complimented the Major very highly on his skill and 
success in saving himself and command from capture, and also for having by his 
management of the skirmish line, during the movement of the troops, possiblv pre- 



22 PICTORIAL AMD BIOGRAPHICAL 

vented a battle in which heavy loss must have been sustained. The enemy did not 
discover the absence of our troops from their front or that our skirmishers had 
been vfithdrawn from the field until about three o'clock in the afternoon, and only 
then after having made a gallant charge on our breastworks to find them empty and 
abandoned by our forces. This was one of the most difficult movements made by 
any portion of Sherman's army during the war, and its success, especially its ac- 
complishment without bloodshed, was largely due to the skill of the officer placed in 
charge of the skirmish line of the Fifteenth Army Corps on that occasion. 

After the capture of Marietta, Ga., the One Hundredth Kegiment, under Lieut.- 
Col. Heath, was detached to garrison that village, and there remained while the 
main army of Sherman continued to advance upon Atlanta, But Maj. Johnson 
was too active and valuable a soldier to be allowed to remain idle and in the rear, and 
was, therefore, ordered to the front to serve as chief skirmish officer of Gen. Harrow's 
Division of the Fifteenth Army Corps in front of Atlanta and approaching that 
city from the direction of Decatur. On the morning of the 22d of July (the day 
Gen. McPherson was killed) when the enemy had withdrawn his main line from in 
front of Atlanta in order to concentrate his forces upon the federal left flank, though 
leaving a strong skirmish line to keep up appearances Maj. Johnson was ordered 
to throw forward his skirmishers covering the entire division front, which he skill- 
fully and gallantly did, sweeping back the line of the enemy three miles through 
the woods until almost upon the fortifications around the city, observing which, and 
knowing the gravity of the situation, they opened upon him hotly with shell, grape 
and canister to check his advance. To save his command, he concentrated his 
skirmishers in hastily constructed rifle pits, and sent couriers to inform Gen. Har- 
row of his success and situation. But in the mean time the whole army swept 
forward and were soon in possession of the enemy's breastworks around the 
city of Atlanta. The couriers of Maj. Johnson failed to find Gen. Harrow, 
whereupon he reported for orders to Capt. Wheeler, of Logan's staff, and 
was directed to assist the commanders of the brigades of the division in repell- 
ing the enemy who had thrown heavy forces upon the Fifteenth Corps. Three 
times the enemy in his front was repulsed with great loss. On the right of the 
Fifteenth Corps was the division of Morgan L. Smith, and next, on the left, Har- 
row's division. Through an oversight of Gen. Smith's, a large body of rebels 
managed, in their fourth charge upon his lines, by passing through an unprotected 
cut on the railroad, to reach the rear of Smith's division, which resulted in throw- 
ing his troops into great confusion. Maj. Johnson, observing this, and not know- 
ing the cause, rode rapidly forward to ascertain the difficulty, and aid in rallying 
Smith's troops. Suddenly, ere he was aware, he found himself covered by the 
guns of the enemy who peremptorily demanded him to dismount and surrender. 

Seeing at a glance the folly of disobeying, he laughingly said, " Well, boys, I 
guess you have got me, " and he did as he was ordered. His coolness saved his 
life, for had he endeavored to gallop off, he would have shared the fate of Gen. 
McPherson, who was killed on that same day, in another part of the field, under 
very similar circumstances. 

In speaking of the battle of Atlanta, July 22, 1864, Gen. Harrow, in his official 
report says: " I regret to add that, during this engagement, the gallant Maj. John- 
son, One Hundredth Indiana Volunteers, my picket officer, was captured by the 
enemy in the gorge to the rear and right of my lines while encouraging the troops 
to hold their position. He possessed in a high degree all those qualities which make 
the accomplished soldier, and his loss is severely felt." Gen. Reuben Williams, 
then commanding the First Brigade, Fourth Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, in his 
official report of this battle, says: " I deeply regret the loss from the service, at the 
present time, of Maj. John B. Harris, Twenty-sixth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 
wounded, and Maj. B. M. Johnson, One Hundredth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, capt- 
ured on the 22d, formerly of the brigade, but more recently of your staff. Their 



ilEyiOIKH OF INDIANA. 23 

places can hardly be filled and their loss will be deeply felt in their respective regi- 
ments." The captors of Maj. Johnson took him to Atlanta, whence he was sent to 
East Point, thence toward GriflBn, on the way to Macon, Ga., the place where 
federal officers captured from the Western army were imprisoned. On the third 
day's march toward Macon, by watching his chance, he fell back toward the rear of 
the column, and finally, nnseen by bis gnards, plunged into a thicket near the road- 
side. Here he remained concealed until the whole column of prisoners, seventy- 
five officers and 1,700 men, had passed, and then as fast as he could foot it put 
several miles between himself and his former guards. He made good his escape, 
and by traveling nights, and receiving food and guidance from a friendly nen-ro, 
tinally reached Little River, where, unfortunately, he was recaptured by a small 
squad of rebels placed there to guard the bridge he attempted at night to cross. 
He was taken back, and in due time arrived at Macon, where he found his fellow 
prisoners. Soon after this, in a limited exchange of officers, he was specially chosen 
for exchange by Gen. Sherman, who by this selection testified to his value as an 
officer and soldier. Before his exchange, however, he had been conveyed to Charles- 
ton, where, with Maj. -General Stoneman and other prominent federal officers, he 
was placed in the line of fire of federal artillery, then bombarding that city, the ob- 
ject being to divert the fire and save the city, by the knowledge of the peril, to the 
federal officers. Fortunately no one was killed. 

Upon being exchanged, he returned to Atlanta and resumed command of his 
regiment, and, after aiding in driving Hood across the Tennessee, returned with Sher- 
man to Atlanta, and thence with him marched to the sea. Gov. Morton, at its re- 
ception at Indianopolis, at the close of the war, thus spoke of this regiment and its 
gallant commander, Col. Johnson: "At Griswoldville, Ga., his regiment took part 
in one of the most notable engagements of the war. when 1.300 Federals whipped 
It^.OOO rebels in a square fight without works; 300 of the noble 1,300 were of the 
One Hundredth Indiana, and nobly did they sustain the credit of their State by 
their gallant conduct on that bloody field." 

"From Savannah they proceeded through the Carolinas, fighting bravely at 
Branchville, Congaree Creek, Columbia and Bentonville, and, in fact, capturing 
the whole State of South Carolina, and all of North Carolina they wanted, and 
arriving at Goldsboro, N. C. , March 24, 1865, thus marching some 1,300 miles and 
fighting some seventeen heavy battles; while from Dalton to Atlanta they were 
continually under fire for 'one hundred days.' The maneuvering of this regi- 
ment, under fire, by Col. Johnson, at Bentonville, N. C, elicited the highest praise 
from Gens. Logan and Howard, who were upon the field. They assisted in forc- 
ing the surrender of Johnston at Raleigh, and thence made the great 'quickstep 
march' of Sherman's army, by way of Petersburg and Richmond, to Washington, 
where they mustered out of service June 9,1865,having219men and twenty-fouroffi- 
cers." The One Hundredth Regiment, under Col. Johnson, was the first to enter 
Columbia, S. C. , where they witnessed the spread of the fire started by the rebels 
to destroy the cotton, and thus prevent it from falling into the hands of the rebels. 
They knew that the statement of the Confederates that Columbia was fired by the 
federals was untrue. Col. Johnson, upon entering the city, saw the cotton bales 
lying in the streets on fire, and saw the flames spread and envelop the city as soon 
as the wind arose. He says: " It was the insane attempt of the Confederates to de- 
stroy their cotton, and prevent its falling into Sherman's hands, as was done at 
Savannah, that resulted in the burning of the city of Columbia, and Sherman and 
the Federal troops did all it was possible to do to avert and prevent that disaster." 

At Bentonville, Col. Johnson, commanding his own regiment of 350 men, and 
the Sixth Iowa of 150 men, was directed to drive back a large cavalry division on 
the outposts of the enemy's front, so that Sherman's infantry could attack the main 
line. This he promptly and skillfully did, forcing them back to the distance of six 
miles. While thus engaged, a portion of the enemy's cavalry succeeded in flanking 



24 PIOTORIAL AND BIOGRAPEICAL 

Col. Johnson's command, and in throwing a strong body of men between his advance 
line and his reserve. At this point. Gens. Logan, Howard and Woods and their 
staffs came up to observe the progress made by Col. Johnson, seeing which the 
rebel cavalry detachment determined to capture those general officers if it could be 
done. But Col. Johnson saw the dilemma at once,and promptly shouted theorder to his 
regiment, ''Forward on the right by iUe into line, double quick, march, fire." The 
promptness with which his command was executed, no doubt saved the federal officers 
from capture, and they were empathic in their praises of the readiness, coolness and 
military skill of Col. Johnson. 

It is believed this was the only time such a movement was ever made by any body 
of troops of any army, in any war on the field, and in battle and in the face of an 
enemy charging them. It was the resistance of a cavalry charge by what amounted to 
a bold and intrepid countercharge of infantry, and proved as unexpected to the 
cavalry as it was original in conception and successful in execntion, and resulted in 
throwing the rebel cavalry into utter confusion and disorder, and in completely 
routing them, while it saved Col. Johnson's command, and Gens. Howard, Logan and 
Woods and their staffs from capture, or possibly a worse fate. The capture of these 
generals at that time would have been a severe blow to Sherman, the entire army 
and the union cause. 

This ended the hard fighting for the One Hundredth Kegiment, although they 
were present at Goldsboro and Raleigh, and marched proudly with drams and flaunt- 
ing though tattered banners, at the head of Sherman's splendid army in the final 
grand review at Washington. Throughout his military career, Col. Johnson had 
shown the highest military skill and capacity. His promotions came as just and 
merited reward for faithful, conscientious and brilliant service. He was commis- 
sioned captain, August 22, 1862; major, August 18, 1863; lieutenant colonel January 
9, 1864, and colonel May 2, 1865. After the fall of Savannah. Gen. Logan, com- 
manding the Fifteenth Army Corps, requested Col. Johnson to become his chief of 
staff and promised him an immediate commission from the War Department, which 
would most likely have advanced him to brigadier generalship. But Col. Johnson 
loved his noble regiment; he had led them through all those long bloody years; had 
multiplied their joys and divided their sorrows, and had, at the outset, when the 
regiment went forth in 1862 so valiant, patriotic and full of hope, promised them 
that come what might, he would always remain with them. So he told Gen. Logan 
that he could not accept his tempting offer, and the reason therefor, and was warmly 
congratulated by the General for his fidelity to the magnificent old One Hundredth 
Regiment. 

After the war, upon returning to Elkhart county, Col. Johnson soon formed 
a law partnership with Capt. A. S. Blake, and continued in the practice at Goshen, 
this State, until 1886, when he went to Santa Fe, N. M., to serve as clerk of the 
Supreme Court and clerk of the U. S. District Court, having been thus appointed by 
the chief justice of that territory. Prior to this, in 1878, he went abroad and was 
tbpre some three years, traveling in Germany, studying the German language, which 
he mastered, and' taking lectures on law and history in the famous university at 
Leipsic. In 1888 he resigned his position as clerk at Santa Fe, and was thus com- 
plimented by Chief Justice E. V. Long: " Your duties as clerk have been ably and 
faithfully performed, and to my entire satisfaction, and better in my judgment than 
ever before in the territory." While clerk of the Supreme Court of New Mexico, 
the legislature, though Republican, appointed Col. Johnson reporter of the Supreme 
Court, and under that appointment he edited and published the third and fourth 
volumes of the Supreme Court Reports of that territory. Succeeding this, he 
opened a law office in Las Vegas, N. M., and also engaged in mining, but in May, 
1890, he returned to Elkhart county, and here has since resided. But let us go 
back and see something of the youth and early training of Col. Johnson, before in- 
vestigating the results of his public spirit and enterprise in Elkhart county in recent 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 25 

years. His birth occurred in Erie county, Penn., and he was one of six children born 
to the marriage of Salmon A. Johnson and Miss Minerva Powell, both of whom were 
natives of Chittenden county, Vt. At an early age he was brought by his parents 
to Indiana, and was here reared and educated. The country was new and wUd then 
and no one who did not pass through the experience can have an idea of the self- 
denial, sufferings and hardships of the first settlers. Ruel M. , by the death of his 
father, was thrown upon his own efforts at the age of twelve years, but he was ad- 
venturesome, energetic, honest and persistent, and he pushed forward. 

He worked on a farm summers, and attended school winters, continuing thus 
until he was fitted for college, whereupon he attended the University of Michio-an 
at Ann Arbor, and in 1858 graduated with high honors with his class. To pay his 
way he did anything honorable, no matter how humble, sawing wood, sweeping the 
recitation rooms of the university, and during the first two years, as he himself 
says, faring upon "pudding and salt for breakfast; salt and pudding for dinner, 
and a mixture of both for supper.'^ The third year he secured a position with the 
professor of astronomy in the Detroit Observatory, and thereafter fared better. 
While in college, the question of "co-education of the sexes" came up for settle- 
ment. He took active ground in its favor, corresponding with many college presi- 
dents and other leading educators and placing their views before the regents of the 
university, and it was largely due to these efforts that the measure was finally 
adopted by that body. The women of America are greatly indebted to this man, in 
having opened to them the doors of the University of Michigan, a step which 
gained them admission to other colleges and universities and has led the way to 
other and equally great advantages for them in many walks of life, and the bene- 
fits of which are immeasurably great and far-reaching. Before graduating, and 
while yet under age, he was nominated by the Democracy of Elkhart county for 
county treasurer, but, though running several hundred ahead of his ticket, he was 
defeated at the polls. After graduating, he studied law under Hon. Robert Lowery, 
of Goshen, and upon admission to the bar became his preceptor's partner. Suon 
after this he went out to fight his country's battles. Col. Johnson has done a great 
work for the home-seekers of Elkhart. In this connection, the following compli- 
ment is paid him by the Elkhart Review: 

"Satisfying himself, from the location of this beautiful and enterprising city, 
that it had a future second to no city of its population in the Northwest, he pur- 
chased several valuable business fronts, and being the owner of other business loca- 
tions, he started a line of improvements which has led to the investment of a large 
amount of capital which, until then, had remained comparatively idle, and as a re- 
salt he and other local capitalists have since that time added to the business por- 
tion of the city the following statelv and lovely blocks: 

"The Dodge block at a probable cost of §30,000; the Rialto, ?20,(X)0; the Elk- 
hart block, §15,000; Truth office, §15,000; Kauffman and Crane block, §10,000; 
the Every block. §30,000: the Jarrett block, $20,000; the Review office, §20,000; 
the Shaw block. §15,000; the Jones block, §10.000; total, §185,000. Besides 
these really grand improvements, he has inaugurated and is pushing forward with 
his well-known enterprise a scheme for the building and furnishing of cheap homes 
to the workingmen of Elkhart, which, if taken advantage of by this class of people, 
will enable all of them, for about the sum they are and have been paying as rent, to 
house themselves and their families in homes of their own. As a part of this excellent 
plan he has laid out his Riverside addition to the city in such sized lots that all can 
there be accommodated, the poor as well as the rich, and all thei'e find homes 
within their reach and means and upon such terms of payment that the poorest 
man may no longer hesitate to purchase for fear that he cannot pay for his home, 
and yet the rich may also there find residence property to suit his taste and meet the 
strength of his purse. Many have availed themselves of this excellent chance to 
obtain a home upon their own terms." On February 26, 1891, Col. Johnson wedded 



26 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

Miss Jeanette, daughter of Eliasand Rachel (Felkner) Gortner. He is a Democrat, 
was so before, during, and has been since the war, and was the supporter of the 
Little Giant in his memorable race for the presidency against Lincoln in 1860. He 
ia a Knight Templar and thirty second degree Mason, a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, and military order of the Loyal Legion of the Union officers of the United 
States. As a member of the Loyal Legion, he belongs to the Commandery of the 
State of Ohio, at Cincinnati, and the Grand Commandei-y of the United States, at 
Philadelphia, receiving his commission for the latter from Gen. Sheridan. Col. 
Johnson is yet a young man, and much of his future is before him. He is one of 
the most euterprising, pulilic-spirited, honorable and conspicuous citizens of the 
State. When to his magnificent military history is added his clean, able record as a 
civilian and his acknowledged worth as a man, there is presented to the world a 
good representative of model American citizenship. 

Hon. Charles G. Conn. It is a pleasure to describe a man of unusual personal 
merit — the possessor of a combination of gifts so rare, so varied and so comprehen- 
sive that happiness and success in business were bound to follow the application of 
his qualities to the solution of almost any problem of life. Some men were not 
made to plod or to crawl, and C. G. Conn is one of them. His diversified talents 
rendered it ea.sy for him to select a congenial pursuit, and his perception and intel- 
ligence guaranteed that success would reward effort. But let us take the liberty of 
looking into his life to examine his acts and to judge his character and accomplish- 
ments. 

It is an unwritten law that the secret of success in life in all individual cases is 
the common property or heritage of all unfortunates of the human race. There are 
more followers than leaders; more imitators than originators; more of mediocre tal- 
ents than transcendent gifts, and it is but natural that people, unable to grasp suc- 
cess by their own efforts, should seek the ascent by which others have climbed to 
fame and fortune. It is therefore eminently proper for the historian or delineator 
of character to review the lives and characters of those men who have conferred so 
large a sum of joy upon mankind. 

Charles G. Conn is a native of Ontario county, N. Y. , and was bom January 29, 
1844. His parents were Charles J. and Sarah (Benjamin) Conn, and his grand- 
father, James Conn, the latter having been a farmer of York State and an Irishman 
by descent. The father, Charles J., was reared in New York and resided there 
until 1850, when he moved west and located at St. Joseph, Mich., then a straggling 
young town amid the forests of the Michigan peninsula. He there engaged in 
farming, but a year later removed to Elkhart, Ind., where he secured more con- 
genial employment as city school superintendent. He was well educated, possessed 
an active and discriminating mind and became renowned throughout northern Indi- 
ana as a cultured gentleman and an educator of unusual skill and high attainments. 
He followed the profession of teaching for twenty-live years and only resigned on 
account of failing hearing. For three years he taught in the La Porte city schools 
where he was also superintendent. Upon his retirement from the schoolroom he 
engaged in photograph v, and, at last, after a useful and reputable life, died in 1888, 
his wife having preceded him the previous year. They were the parents of two 
sons and two daughters, of whom but one son and one daughter are now living. 

The subject of this memoir was about six years old when his parents left New 
York for the great west. He was thus reared almost wholly in Indiana, and is 
therefore a "Hoosier" by adoption, if not by birth, though there is nothing to arouse 
serious apprehension in this simple statement. Once upon a time the term "Hoosier" 
was supposed to fit a phenomenal being — a sort of satyr, half man, half goat — but 
that was long ago, before the wonderful common school system of Indiana, under the 
manip\ilation of men like Charles G. Conn, had wrought such astonishing mental and 
social results. Under this great system and with such teachers, C. G. Conn grew 
to early manhood at Elkhart, finishing hie education at the public schools of this 
town. 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 27 

At this time the union of the States was crumbling to pieces. The trumpet call 
to arms aroused all patriotic men to action. Inspired with the loyalty of the hour, 
C. G. Conn, on the iSth day of May, 1861, at the age of seventeen years and against 
his parents' wishes and protests, volunteered his services for the suppression of the rebel- 
lion, and on June 14, 1861, was mustered in as a private in Company B, Fifteenth 
Indiana Kegiment. He was soon, by special order, transfen'ed to the regimental 
band. He participated in the movements and engagements at Greenbrier, W. Va. ; 
the Elkwater Valley campaign, then returned and moved with the federal army 
through Kentucky and Tennessee to Nashville; was with Buell's army, in Wood's 
division, at the second day's battle of Shiloh; was with the army in the mud at 
Corinth; was at Tuscumbia, Florence. Wartrace, McMinnville, Vervilla, and then 
again at Nashville, from which point he returned through Kentucky to Indiana for 
the purpose of re-enlisting. A fine regiment of shai-pshooters was being organized 
at Jackson, Mich., and elsewhere, with rendezvous at Fort Dearborn, Detroit. He 
accordingly enlisted at Niles, Mich., January 12, 1863, in Company G. First Michi- 
gan Sharpshooters, of which he was soon made first sergeant, and was later promoted 
successively, for meritorious conduct, to second lieutenant on August 8, 1863, and a 
little later to captain of his company. When it is remembered that he was but 
nineteen years old when he re-enlisted, and but twenty when he was made captain, 
the prominence of one so young and the confidence reposed in his ability and bravery 
by his older comrades will excite great surprise. But it was all merited by faithful 
and conspicuous service. He participated in the movement which drove the rebel 
guerrilla Morgan out of Indiana; assisted in guarding prisoners at Camp Douglas, 
Chicago, for about four months, and then with his command joined Burnside's corps. 
Army of the Potomac. He participated in the battle of the Wilderness, where he re- 
ceived a slight flesh wound which did not incapacitate him from duty; was at Spott- 
sylvania. North Anna, Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor and all the bloody encounters 
around Petersburg. On the 30th of July, 1864, he was captured in an assault upon 
Petersburg, where he was slightly wounded; was thence taken "by the insolent foe" 
to Danville, Va., and thence to Columbia, S. C. AVhile at Goldsboro, N. C. , accom- 
panied by Xiieut. Mell, of Ravenna, Ohio, he ran the gauntlet of guards and escaped, 
but was recaptured the next day by the use of bloodhounds which successfully fol- 
lowed them and revealed their hiding-place. While at Columbia. S. C, accompanied 
by Capt. Dicey and Lieut. Randall, both of Michigan, another unsuccessful attempt 
was made to escape. When Sherman was moving up through the Carolinas after his 
triumphant march to the sea, the federal prisoners at Columbia were removed to 
safer quarters, but Capts. Conn and Dicey and Lieut. Randall had themselves 
buried, hoping thus to escape until Sherman'-s " bummers " would arrive. But 
their hiding place was discovered by ''home guards" who were prowling around, 
probably ' in search of plunder, and, very much crestfallen, they were removed with 
the other unfortunates to a more secure prison. At the close of the war, after the 
most intense hardships and sufferings, he was released with thousand of other prison- 
ers and returned to Indiana, where, July 28, 1865, he was honorably dischai-ged from 
his country's service. 

He returned to Elkhart and embarked in the grocery and bakery trade and soon 
after this manifested his fondness for music. After repeated efforts he invented 
his famous " elastic f,ice mouthpiece" for cornets, which at once became very pop- 
ular and found a faster sale than he could manufacture them. His first lathe was 
made from a sewing machine table and with this he first attempted to do his own 
work, but orders poured in upon him so fast that he was forced to give it up and 
hire help. Rapidly his trade grew and his employes multiplied, as his inventions 
were perfected, patented and placed upon the market. At the present time he is 
the owner of about thirty patents, many of which directly affect band instruments. 
Now he employs about three-hundred persons, all told, and has an annual trade of 
$250,000. His instruments and inventions are known throughout the world. He 



28 PICTORIAL AJfD BIOGRAPSICAL 

was wholly burned out in 1883, but soon was as active and as strong as ever. In 
1887 he was compelled to establish a branch house in Worcester, Mass. , to accom- 
modate his large eastern trade. 

Iq September, 1890, he founded the Daily and Weekly Truth, which he con- 
ducted as a Democratic organ until the spring of 1892, since which date it has been 
an independent periodical. Col. Conn was elected mayor of Elkhart in 1880, and 
re-elected the next term. In 1884 he organized the First Kegiment of Artillery, 
Indiana Legion, of which he was made captain. He was appointed major of the 
First Battalion, Third Eegiment, and was later made chief of artillery on Gov. 
Gray's staff and soon after appointed colonel of the First Regiment of Artillery. 
He is familiarlv known as "Colonel." He is a Knight Templar in Masonry and 
was the first eminent commander of the commandery at Elkhart and was one of 
its chief organizers. He is also a Knight of Pythias and was at one time lieutenant 
colonel of the uniformed rank of that order. He belongs to the Grand Army of 
the Republic, is commander of Elmer Post at Elkhart, is president of the Veterans' 
Association and belongs also to the Loyal Legion. He has taken an active interest 
in all public improvements of the city and county, particularly the improvement of 
the local hydraulic water power. Voluntarily he established, last year, in his fac- 
tory what is known as the " profit sharing plan," by which his workmen are divided 
into classes and all made to share in just and equitable proportions. The first year 
resulted in a surplus of $9,000 being divided among the employes. This plan, he 
proclaims, produces a better class of workmen, insures better work and greater 
profits and is so popular that one-half of the applicants can not be employed. 
While a member of no church organization, he is a devout believer in the Christian 
religion and a liberal contributor to church organizations. He is a Democrat and 
besides serving as mayor has served by election in the lower house of the State Leg- 
islature. In 1892 he became the candidate of the Democracy of the thirteenth dis- 
trict for congressman, and was elected by a large and decisive majority. Col. Conn 
married in 1867 Miss Kate Hazleton, by whom he is the father of one daughter — 
Sallie. He owns about six hundred acres of land in and adjoining the city, besides 
numerous lots, his manufacturing and newspaper interests, and is thus one of the 
wealthiest citizens of northern Indiana. True merit never fails to win. In what- 
ever field of action Col. Conn has been called, he has shown his superior qualities 
and high character. As soldier, inventor, citizen, legislator and humanitarian he 
has given the world an ornate life, well worth the emulation of youth. 

Db. Franklin Miles has been known to the people of Elkhart since his boyhood 
and to the profession in the United States for many years, and to the citizens gen- 
erally since 1874. His early days were passed in public schools until the age of 
seventeen years, when he became a pupil in Williston Seminary, Massachusetts. 
When he left that school for Phillip's Academy, Andover, Mass., he felt that there 
was little or nothing in the course of study which he did not know. From Phillips 
he went to New Haven and entered the Sheffield Scientific School; thence to Yale 
College, Conn., and completed an extensive legal education at Columbia Col- 
lege, New York City, the leading law school of the country. The choice of a pro- 
fession often suggested itself to him during his college days. Medicine or Law was 
the question. His philosophy pointed to the first as the more useful and noble, and 
he selected it. 

Shortly after leaving Columbia College, he entered the University of Michigan, 
where he won the attention of medical faculty and fellow students by his close in- 
vestigations and long hours of study. His record at Rush Medical College, ChicHgo, 
and the Chicago Medical College points out his determination to analyze subjects 
and understand every problem presented before casting it aside. He read some- 
where an Italian writer and remembered his advice: "Non jidatevi al alchemista 
povero, 6 at medico ammalato " (Do not trust a poor alchymist or a sick physician.) 
He determined to ratboiii the theory and practice of nipdicice and succeeded. Not 



3IE.V0IRS OF INDIANA. 29 

content with his varied chase after knowledge, he is next found in the State Eye and 
Ear Infirmary of Illinois, prosecuting the closest study of those delicate organs and 
reasoning for himself the dependence of each on the other and on the whole human 
system. He did not hide this acquired knowledge from the world, but gave it to the 
people in a number of papers or works prepared with great care. Amon" such 
works may be named " Nervous Diseases,' ' • ' The Permanent Cure of Headache with- 
out Change of Occupation," " Heart Disease, " " Weak Eyes a Nervous Disease," 
■'Diseases of the Ear," "Important Facts Concerning Headache and Other Nervous 
Diseases," "The Use of Spectacles in the Treatment of Diseases of the Brain" 
etc., etc. These treatises were not written in college days. They are the works of 
a mind trained in the schools and subsequently subjected to the experiences of every- 
day practice; for Dr. Miles commenced the practice of his profession in Chicago, 
where he resided for some years. In 1873 he began to study the relationship be- 
tween the brain and eye and the brain and heart, and in time could trace the effect 
of the one upon the other. Understanding his subject he traced diseases to first 
causes and effected some most extraordinary cures. In 1875 he took up the subject 
of the heart with the same result and so on until it is a question if any curable eye, 
heart or nervous disease can escape cure under his treatment. 

The progress made by the medical company which bears his name is the most 
certain index to his successes in the wide field of medical practice. Prior to 1887 
his great remedies only blessed the people whose physician he was, to-day they are 
known throughout the United States and Canada. During the year named the Miles 
Medical Company was organized for the manufacture of the Doctor's new remedies. 
They became articles of commerce and were gradually introduced until their efficacy 
was recognized, when a great trade in them was inaugurated. The new laboratory 
at Elkhart, Ind., speaks of the advances of half a decade and tells, if anything is 
required to tell, that the remedies manufactured therein are a boon to the people. 
It is one of the gi'eat industries of Elkhart, employing a large clerical force of nearly 
one hundred persons, a number of skilled compounders or chemists. The Doctor, 
however, devotes his entire time to the treatment of difiicult and complicated cases 
which come to him from all portions of the United States, in his private institute. 
Dr. Miles' sympathies are as wide as the recognition of his remedies. Every case 
submitted to him is conscientiously studied and every patient who appears before 
him is treated by a man who knows the responsibility he takes. A patient in call- 
ing upon him seldom fails to notice that he met a professional man rather than a 
tradesman ; that is a physician who gives his soul to drive away disease rather than the 
cue who simply seeks a fee and has no soul to give. Kind, as a good physician 
should be, his heart goes out to the alBicted. This is actual sympathy, born with him. 
It is no wonder that one molded so should seek the medical profession, for no one 
possessed of pure sympathy with humanity can use it with grander results than the 
physician. 

Hon. Robert W. McBklde. The family of which Judge McBride is a dis- 
tinguished member is of Sotch-Irish descent and came tothe United States soon after 
the Revolutionary war and previous to the war of 1812. Augustus, father of 
Robert W. , was born in Ohio and was there reared and married to Martha A.- 
liarnes, also a native of Ohio and of English descent, some of whose ancestors 
served as soldiers in the Revolutionary war. In the war with Mexico in 1846-7 
Ausjustus McBrideenlistedin the Seventh United States Infantry and was in the army 
of Gen. Scott in its campaign against the city of Mexico, participating in all the as- 
saults on the various citadels guarding the national roads which led to the capital. 
After the triumphal occupation of the city by the array of Gen. Scott, and in Feb- 
ruary, 1848, Augustus McBride unfortunately died and now lies buried in the land 
iif the Montezumas. He left a widow and family to mourn his untimely death and 
also left them a heritage of honor and patriotism. 

At the time of his father's death Robert W. McBride was about six years old. 



30 PICTORIAL A^B BIOGRAPHICAL 

his birth having occurred in Richland connty, Ohio, January 25, 1842. He was 
therefore too young to realize his great loss or to be able to forecast the trials, 
struggles and self-denials of the future without a father's guidance and care. But 
life was real and before him and he was compelled to rely mainly on his owd re- 
sources of bodv and miud. He attended the district school in Ohio and in Iowa 
and an academy once maintained at Kirkville, Iowa. In 1859, when in his 
eighteenth year, having passed the local examination for teachers, he applied for 
and was given the task of teaching district school in Mahaska county, Iowa, and 
was so successful that he continued to follow this occupation for three years. 

It was now 1862 and a bloody war was upon the land and all was confusion and 
uncertainty. lu the autumn of this year Mr. McBride went to Mansfield, Ohio, 
where he accept ed a po.sition as clerk in the store of B. S. Runyan and remained 
tbere about a year. On the 27th of November, 1863. he enlisted in the " Union 
Light Guards, " an independent squadrou of cavalry of picked men organized by 
Gov. David Tod and was duly mustered in at Columbus. The men composing this 
fine squadron had been selected by the county military committees throughout the 
State and Mr. McBride had been chosen to represent Richland county. Mr. Mc- 
Bride remained with the "Guards" for about six months, when he met with a 
severe accident and was permanently disabled for active service and has remained 
lame to this day. Upon his recovery from the accident he served on detached duty 
as clerk of a military commissioQ and later at the central guard house at Washing- 
ton. In January, 1865, he was transferred to the war department and served as 
clerk under Lieut. Col. Breck in the adjutant general's ofSce until his company was 
mustered out of service and honorably discharged, September, 14, 1865. Upon his 
discharge from the army he was promptly appointed to the clerkship in the ofBce of 
the quarter-master general, but he had a higher ambition than a subordinate posi- 
tion under the Government, aud after a service as such for two mouths he resigned 
and returned to Mansfield. 

While vet a boy, aged sixteen, he had taken a fancy to the study of law and 
had, as opportunity would permit, studied the principal text-books of that pro- 
fession. This study he continued while teaching and while in the service, so tliat 
when the war closed he had mastered the elements of law. The winter succeeding 
bis return from the war he taught school in Richland County, but the next spring 
went to Waterloo, Ind. , and engaged as clerk for R. M. aud W. C. Lockhart. The 
next winter he ao-ain began teaching in Ohio, but before the term was over he re- 
ceived the appointment of enrolling clerk for the State senate of Indiana and 
served with credit until the legislature adjourned. In April, 1867, he was admitted 
to the bar at Auburn, DeKalb county, and the following September formed a part- 
nership for the practice with Hon. J. I. Best, with whom he was associated until 
Julv, 1869. He became associated with Joseph L. Morlan in the practice Decem- 
ber"l5, 1870, and so continued until the death of the latter in 1878, William H. Leas 
having been associated with them two years. Since 1878 Mr. McBride has carried 
OQ the practice aloue. .\s a lawyer he has become distinguished throughout the 
State. Absolutely self-made, he has left no stone unturned to become a master of 
.his profession. Soon after he began the practice he acquired a high reputation as 
a practitioner of unusual ability, persistence, force and adroitness, aud as a result 
rose rapidly to the top of his* profession and enjoyed a large practice and the un- 
bounded confidence of his fellow lawyers and the people. As an all-around lawyer 
he has prol)ably no superior among the bar of northern Indiana. He is calm, dis- 
passionate, eloquent, and all his arguments are firmly grounded upon legal and 
equitable principles and hence he always has great weight with the court. In 1882, 
so prominent had he become and so great was the confidence of his professional 
brethren in his sound sense, legal knowledge and personal honor, that he was 
elected judge of the thirty-fifth judicial circuit, comprising the counties of De Kalb, 
Steuben and Noble. When he entered upon the discharge of his judicial duties 



ilEyiOIRS OF IJVDIAJfA. 31 

the bu-.iuess of the district, owing to the ill health of his predecessor, was two 
years behind and in a chaotic condition; but in a little more than a year, so hard 
did he work, the docket was cleared and so remained until the end of his term. 
Hi-i decisions were noted for their fidelity to just principles and law and few were 
ever reversed by the Supreme Court — never a criminal case. No other circuit 
judge of the State was more prompt in the discharge of his duties than Judge AIc- 
Bride. 

In 1890 he removed to Elkhart and the same fall was a candidate on the Repub- 
lican State ticket for judge of the Supreme Court, but went down with the entire Re- 
publican ticket in defeat. On December IT, 1S90. he was appointed judge of the 
Supreme Court by Gov. Hovey to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Judo-e 
Mitchell. He is a member of the board of trustees of Depauw University and a.s- 
sisted inorganizing the National Guard of the State and was the first lieutenant colonel 
of the Third Regiment of Infantry and is second colonel. He is a Thirty-second de- 
gree Mason, past eminent commander of Apollo Commandery No. 19, at Kendall- 
ville, a member of the Committee on Grievances and Appeals in the Grand Lodce, 
a member of the State Encampment of the G. A. R. and a member of the Grand 
Lodge of I. O. O. F., K. of P., and the A. O. U. W. He is an enthusiastic student 
of the natural sciences and is one of the best, if not the best, ornithologist and botan- 
ist in northern Indiana, having pursued these studies as a recreation. He is also, 
and has been for more than twenty years, an active member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. 

On September 27, 1868, he was united in marriage to Miss Ida S., daughter of 
Dr. Chamberlain, of Waterloo, Ind., a lady of rare personal accomplishments, 
by whom he has four children: Daisy I., born September 25, 1S69; Charles H., 
bom November 10, 1871; Herbert W.. born October 5, 1873, and Martha C, born 
February 13, 1876. No family in the State stands higher, socially or neighborlv, 
and no citizen is held in deeper respect than Judge McBride. Mrs. McBride is at 
this time (1892) Department President of the Woman's Relief Corps Ausih'ary to 
the Grand Army of the Republic. 

Hon. George T. Babney, attorney at law and general insurance agent, was bom 
April 10. 1822, at Willsboro, Essex County, N. Y., and is the oldest of four living 
children in a family of thirteen born to the marriage of Samuel Barney and Abagail 
Adsit. The father was a native of Whitehall, N. Y., and the mother of Willsboro, 
N. Y. , their respective births occurring March 14, 1792, and August 3, 1798. Samuel 
Barney was al.so the name of George T. Barney's grandfather, and he, with his 
three brothers, Solomon, Charles and William, immigrated from Ireland to the col jnies 
of America some years prior to the Revolutionary war. Solomon was the eldest 
of these brothers, at that time being about twenty years old, and all their immediate 
relatives being dead he determined, with his brothers, to seek home and fortune in 
the new world. They settled at Salisbury, Vt., induced to do so by old neighbors 
having previously crossed the Atlantic and were there doing well, and having been 
reared in an iron district the brothers engaged in that industry. 

All the Barneys in this country are said to be the direct descendants of these four 
brothers. Samuel Barney, Jr., the father of the Barneys of Elkhart, was a mag- 
nificent specimen of physical manhood and was a "bloomer," or now known as an 
ironmaker, by trade. Taking great pride in his work he became an expert and 
commanded much higher wages than his fellow workmen. He was a soldier in the 
war of 1812. and the last twenty years of his life lived at Birmingham, Ohio. 

George T. Barney, when ten years of age, moved with his parents to Ohio, and 
in youth secured only the limited education of the common schools. When fourteen 
years old he began life's battles upon his own responsibility, and from that timeuutil 
attaining man's estate was engaged in carpentering, joining, coopering and kindred 
pursuits. In 1847 he moved to Kalamazoo, Mich., where, about two years later, he 
was elected constable. Succeeding this he received the appointment of Depntv 



32 PICTORIAL AMD BIOORAPHIC.iL 

Uaited States Marshal, and, still later, Goverameat timber agent for the northern 
district of Michigan. January 15. 1852, he married and moved to Marquette, and 
at the close of his term was appointed sheriff, and later was twice elected to 
that position, serving in all five years. He was then elected city recorder, in 
reality police judge, which be resigned in 1862 to recruit troops to put down 
the rebellion. Having served eighteen months in Company E, Fourth Ohio Infan- 
try daring the war with Mexico, he was called upon to raise a company. This he 
did tor the First Michigan Infantry and was elected captain; but owing to defective 
health his services were not accepted by the Government. In 1863 he moved to 
Ligonier, Ind., where, with his brothers, he embarked in merchandising, continuing 
the study of law which he had begun in Michigan and where, while at Marquette, he 
had been admitted to the bar. In 1867 he removed to Elkhart, began the practice 
of law in conjunction with writing insurance, at which he has acquired a competency 
and at which he is still engaged. Mr. Barney is a Knight Templar Mason, an En- 
campment Degree Odd Fellow, and was Grand Secretary of Grand Encampment of 
I. O. O. F. of Michigan. He is a Democrat, and besides having been elected to rep- 
resent Elkhart county in the lower house of the Slate Legislature, was elected and 
served six years as city judge of Elkhart. To his marriage with Mary A. Munsell, 
one son — George E. — has been born. Both Mr. and Mrs. Barney are members of 
the Presbyterian Church. 

Saitoel E. Barney, manager of the American Mutual Life Insurance Company, 
is justly recognized as one of Elkhart's foremost citizens. A native of Birming- 
h.im, Erie Co., Ohio, his birth occurred December 16, 1833, being the youngest of 
thirteen children, four yet living, born to the marriage of Samuel Barney and Abi- 
gail Adsit, appropriate reference to whom is made in the biogi-aphy of his brother. 
Hon. George T. Barney, which appears above in this volume. His youth and 
early manhood were passed in the county of his birth, during which time he was en- 
abled to secure the rudiments of a fair practical education from the common schools, 
and in working at the various callings which seemed most remunerative, chiefly at 
farming, in a woolen mill and at cabinet making. When about eighteen years old 
he began teaching school and continued this interruptedly five terms, when he be- 
came a clerk at Defiance, Ohio, and later bookkeeper for a merchant at Napoleon. In 
order to better equip himself for business he took a course of instruction at a com- 
mercial college in Cincinnati, and then, with the expectation of learning teleg- 
raphy, started for St. Louis. While en route on an Ohio River steamer he met and 
formed the acquaintance of Maj. Gen. Rawlings, of Mound City. 111., and one of 
the well-known men of the State. Imagining that Mound City was a place of con- 
siderable importance, through the representation of Gen. Rawlings, he was induced 
to abandon his St. Louis expedition in order to identify himself in business at this 
place; but instead of a city, or even a thrifty village, he found one large store 
owned by Gen. Rawlings and but little else. The prospect for a town was so good that 
young Barney determined to give it a trial as a home, especially as he was offered a 
position of clerk and private secretary for Gen. Rawlings, who, although a man of much 
natural ability and doing an immense business, was possessed of but little or no educa- 
tion. The place grew rapidly in importance, and besides filling his position with satis- 
fiiction, Mr. Barney was elected city clerk, superintendent of a branch railway and was 
appointed assistant postmaster. After remaining with Gen. Rawlings over two years, 
he associated himself as a partner in the dry goods trade upon his own responsibility, 
but after three years' residence in Mound City sold his interest and in the winter of 1858 
embarked in mercantile pursuits at Green Springs, Ohio. Three years later he 
moved to Ligonier, Ind., where he was engaged in merchandising five years In 
January, 1867, he came to Elkhart, which has ever since been his home. He was 
one of the organizers and is the present treasurer and manager of the American 
Mutual Life Insurance Company of Elkhart, which under his wise management 
has assumed a prominence in insurance circles that reflects much credit on Mr. 



ME.MOinS OF INDIAJ^A. 33 

Barney and npon the city. In his diversified business career there is one important 
item worthy of mention and of which the public is not aware. During the earlier 
years of Mr. Baroey's manhood the country was flooded with "wildcat" and coun- 
terfeit money and proved a source of great annoyance and loss to merchants. Just 
as the poet or singer inherits the gift of their calling, and without being able to 
explain the reason why, just so Mr. Bai-ney inherited the gift of detecting spurious 
currency, no matter how perfect the counterfeit, at sight. This gift was turned by 
him to practical use on more than one occasion, and he justly became authority on 
good and bad mouey. Although a Democrat in politics, Mr. Barney has never 
aspired to political preferment. He is alow to decide upon questions presented to 
him, but when once his position is taken it requires proof of the most positive char- 
acter to change his views. So stanch is he that many have unjustly attributed to 
him the term of ''crauk," when the exact reverse is the truth. While a believer in 
the principles of the Democratic party, he votes for men regardless of party affilia- 
tioQs in local affairs. Mr. Barney is a Mason and one of the city's prosperous busi- 
ness men. On the last day of December, 1803, Agnes E. , eldest daughter of Eev. 
Joseph Adderly, of Mishawaka, became his wife and to this union these children 
have been born: Ernest Adderly, who died when seventeen months old; Richard 
Carlyle; Wade Hampton; Hugh Comyn (the original manner of spelling the family 
name of Cummings) and Terrence LeRoy. 

Robert Owex, born at Newton, Montgomeryshire, England, in 1771, married a 
Miss Dale, daughter of David Dale, in 1801, and died at the place of his birth No- 
vember 19, 1858. Although receiving but a limited education he was a great 
render, became a deep thinker and obtained renown as the great social reformer of 
the day. His early career was passed in commercial pursuits, and at eighteen 
was a stock owner in a manufacturing establishment; later he became owner 
of a large cotton factory at New Lanark, Scotland, where he introduced a svs- 
tem of reform which was not only successful at the time but became hio-hly 
popular. Becoming an author of considerable note on his favorite topic, he pub- 
lished, in 1812, his "New Views of Society; or, Essays Upon the Formation 
of Human Character," and later a work entitled "Book of the New Moral World " 
Throughout these writings he advocated modified communism, absolute equality in 
all rights and duties and the abolition of all superiority, even that of capital and 
intelligence. His immense wealth and peculiar doctrines attracted numerous fol- 
lowers. In 1823, at his own expense, he purchased from the society of Harmonists, 
in Posey county, Ind., their possessions for $150,000, and peopling the district with 
his followers endeavored to make practical the views he held. The effort was an ab 
solute failure. In 1827 he returned to Europe and at different places in Great Britain 
again attempted the establishment of communistic societies, with a similar result as 
that attained in the United States. In 1828, upon invitation from the Mexican 
Government, he resumed his efforts upon Mexican soil, but the result was failure as 
previously. He branched off into journalism and as a lecturer, at both of which he 
attained distinction because of the earnestness and intelligence with which he advo- 
cated his remarkable views. During his last years he became a believer in spiritu- 
alism and was a firm advocate of the precepts of that belief. 

Geobge M. Bird is a dealer in coal, wood, lime, cement, salt, seeds and feed 
at the corner of Pigeon and Main streets. Elkhart, Ind., is conducting a business 
that has commended itself to the approval of the public for a number of years 
past. He is full of business life and energy and is trustworthy to a fault. He is 
a product of Clayton, Lenaway Co., Mich., where he first saw the light on the 2il 
of December, 1850. being one of four children born to the marriage of Reuben E. 
Bird and Caroline Canniif, the former a native of the Green Mountain State and the 
latter of New York. The father was a farmer and merchant by occupation, and in 
an early day emigrated to Michigan and was the founder of the town of Clayton, 
where he died. His widow now resides in the only house now standing in the town 



34 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHIUAL 

that was built when Mr. Bird first settled here. The surviving members of the 
family are: Chauncey N., George M. , Lydia E. aud John E. Three children are 
deceased. Iq the town of Clayton the boyhood days of George M. Bird were spent 
and there his education was obtained. When a mere youth he began traveling as a 
salesman and for a period of twenty years he was on the road, during which time he 
saw a great deal of the country and gained a wide and thoroughly practical eiperi- 
euce in the business affairs of life. At various times during his career he was in 
the employ of the following houses: C. K. Hawley, of Cleveland, Ohio; M. L. 
Hull, of Cleveland; Selling Bros., of Detroit, Mich.; May Bros., of Rock Island, 
111., with whom he remained nine years and for five years was with Burley & Terrill, 
of Chicago. After leaving the road he came to Elkhart and engaged in his present 
business, in which he has been remarkably successful, owing to the fact that he is 
prompt in filling orders, strictly honorable in every transaction and a genial and 
decidedly agreeable companion. His business increased so rapidly that he had to 
extend his premises, which kept him very busy in supplying the wants of his numer- 
ous patrons. He gives constant employment to a large force of men and has a 
number of teams that are kept constantly busy in delivering his goods to all parts 
of the city. Mr. Bird is well known Sn the business circles of the place, is rated 
high commercially and is esteemed as a public-spirited citizen. He is a Knight 
Templar in the A. F. and A. M. and is recorder of his lodge. In 1882 Miss Mollie 
Lvou, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, became his wife and their union has resulted in the 
birth of the following named children: Reuben A., aged eight years; Onlee M., 
aged three years, and Harrold C, aged one year. 

WiLLiAH D. MiDDLETON. proprietor of the Elkhart Business College and Short- 
hand and Typewriting Institute, has been very successful in his chosen field of labor, 
for he has administrative capacity of a high order, is full of expedients and his 
mind is always on his work and his heart in it. The school over which he presides 
ia never allowed to stagnate or to become disorderly, and as he possesses a genial 
and kindly disposition there are few among either pupils or associates who do not 
esteem him as a friend. He was born in St. Joseph county, Ind., near South Bend, 
December 23, 1843, a sou of William and Rebecca (Gillam) Middleton, who emi- 
grated from Ohio and located in St. Joseph county, Ind., during the early history 
of that section, being among its pioneers. The father was a farmer and carpenter, 
but he and the mother have for a number of years been deceased. William D. 
Middleton was the fifth of the seven childi'en born to them, and obtained his educa- 
tion in the schools of Warren and Marion counties, Iowa, and in Bryant & Stratton's 
Business College of Indianapolis, Ind. On the 20th of June, 1862, he enlisted in 
Company G, Eighteenth Iowa Infantry, but owing to a severe spell of typhoid 
fever he was unfitted for further dtity and was discharged from the service February 
28, 1863. After his recovery he joined Company K of the Ninth Michigan Cavalry, 
enlisting April 1, 1863, with which regiment he served until the war closed. In the 
siege of Atlanta he was captured and taken to Andersonville prison, in which and 
other prisons he was confined for a period of seven months. He remained in cap- 
tivity until the war closed and suffered all the privations and hardships which were 
the lot of those confined in that foul pen. He was in twenty-six pitched battles, 
but fortunately was never wounded. He returned home with the rank of first ser- 
creant and at once began learning the mason's trade, at which calling he worked 
during the summer and devoted his attention to teaching school during the winter 
months for several years. Owing to failing health he was compelled to abandon 
manual labor and turned his attention solely to teaching, for which calling he had 
always had a liking and natural aptitude. The professor has called Elkhart his 
home for forty-three years and during this time he has been one of its moat sub- 
stantial and enterprising citizens. In 1887 he established his present school, and 
public education in Indiana has no more earnest advocate and co-operator than he. 
No one more thoroughly understands its needs and interests, and perhaps no one is 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAJSTA. 



1112575 



better qualified, through long experience and loving labor in its behalf, to bring it 
to that high state of perfection which its present rapid advancement assures. His 
school is carried ou throughout the entire year and is recognized as one of the lead- 
ing business colleges in the country, for he has many pupils from Chicacro and 
Indianapolis, as well as from all parts of the country. He is a member of the G. 
A. R. and Knights of Pythia-^. On the 25th of March, 1866, he was married to Mrs. 
Isabella Morgan, of Branch county, Mich., by whom he has had three sons and five 
daughters. 

Dr. J. F. Habris is a skillful and well-known veterinary surgeon of Elkhart, Ind., 
who has attained to much skill in his calling and has won a reputation that is by no 
means undeserved. By years of patient study he has become thoroughly posted in 
all the branches of his profession and has found it not only profitable but also 
pleasing. He was born in Huron county, Ohio, August 26, 1836, to Andrew R. and 
Elizabeth (Laughlin) Harris, natives of York State and Pennsylvania respectively. 
The family came from the New England States, having originally come from Old Eno-- 
land and were early settlers of this country. The paternal grandfather, Zurile W. Har- 
ris, was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, in which struggle the maternal grandfather, 
William Laughlin, also took part, and in the war of 1812 became an officer. In the 
history of the United States mention will be found of this colonel, his great uncle, Will- 
iam B. Matherson, who was colonel in the Mexican war. The Harris family were 
among the pioneer settlers of Ohio and in the county of Huron Zurile W. Harris 
carried on farming and the cooperage business quite extensively. He died in Seneca 
county, Ohio. The maternal grandfather settled in Pennsylvania and also tilled the 
soil, but subsequently removed to Richland county, Ohio, where he died. Andrew 
R. Harris was a cooper and farmer, which occupations he followed in Porter county, 
Ind., near Valparaiso, in the vicinity of which place he resided until his death. He 
and his wife became the parents of six sons and four daughters, of which family 
five membersarenow living: Dr. Joseph F. ; Washington R. , who served in the Ninety- 
ninth Indiana Infantry, and was wounded in battle; VanBuren, who died in the late 
war, having held the rank of orderly sergeant; LaFayette (deceased) served one 
year in the civil war; Mary, Eliza J., EDa (deceased), Josephine, William (de- 
ceased), and Jackson (deceased). Dr. Joseph F. Harris, the subject of this biog- 
raphy, was principally reared in Richland and Wyandotte counties, Ohio, and re- 
ceived his education in both public and private schools. His spare moments were 
spent in wielding the hoe and following the plow on his father's farm, and while so 
doing he not only learned what hard work meant, but he also learned lessons of in- 
dustry, honesty and perseverance which have since been of material benefit to him 
in his walk through life. From his youth he has been a lover of horses, and after 
deciding to devote his time and attention to curing the ills horseflesh is heir 
to, he began working at the profession under Dr. Levi A. Cass, of Porter county, 
at Horse Prairie, nine miles southwest of Valparaiso. He also studied medicine for 
three years, but never practiced only in his osvn family. He has studied the horse 
patiently and perseveringly, and in his treatment of that noble animal has been uni- 
versally successful. In 1886 he came to Elkhart, Ind., of which city he has since 
been a resident, where he has built up a practice, although large, is constantly on 
the increase. In 1859 he was married in St. Joseph county, Ind., to Miss Rachel 
H. Paddock, by whom he has ten children: Albert A., Franklin, Sarah E., wife of 
William Riley, of Valparaiso; John, DeWain, Emery, James, Maiy, Rebecca H. and 
Edward. The Doctor has never had a physician in his house except on two occa- 
sions, when one of his sons had a leg broken and the other received a gun-shot 
wound through the stomach. The family are hale and hearty. Dr. Harris has two 
uncles (doctors) bv the name of Cornelius and Milo Blachley. Blachley's Mill, 
Wayne Co., Ohio, is named after the doctors, also Blachley Corners, of Porter 
Co., Ind., where thev lived fifty years and practiced medicine. Both are deceased. 
Dr. Cornelius carried on farminsr and owned a carding mill, grist-mill and sawmill 



36 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

on Salt Creek in Porter county, Ind., at the time of his death. He raised eight 
children, four sons and four daughters. One son, Napoleon B. Blachley,wa8 shot in 
the Union army. Col. Dewitt Hodgton, his brother-in-law, was shot dead on the 
battlefield in the Union army. Three of the Blachleys married three sisters of the sub- 
ject' s mother — two doctors and one farmer and carding-mill owner by trade. 

Andrew Stephens, funeral director and undertaker, Elkhart, Ind. The business 
in which this well-known gentleman is engaged is a very important one to society, 
and among its essential requirements it is important that its representatives shall be 
sympathetic, experienced and reliable. The business has been in successful opera- 
tion since 1854 and the establishment is well equipped with all articles pertaining to 
this line of business, and everything for the plainest or most imposing fnnerals can 
be readily furnished. Mr. Stephens is prompt in meeting his engagements, per- 
forms his duties with accuracy and propriety and he can always be depended on in 
matters pertaining to the last rites of burial. Mr. Stephens was born in Dauphin 
county, Penn., May 29, 1832, a son of Andrew and Mary (Braden) Stephens, also 
natives of the Keystone State, and of English and Irish lineage. The father died 
in January, 1832, having been a farmer throughout life and a soldier in the war of 
1812. He had four sons and one daughter, of whom the subject of this sketch is the 
youngest. He remained in his native county until twenty years of age and, like a 
dutiful son, assisted his mother on the home farm and also at the trade of carpenter 
and joiner. In 1852 he moved with his mother westward and for three months was 
a resident of Steuben county, Ind., at the end of which time he came on to Elkhart 
county, and here Mr. Stephens began working at his trade, which he followed for 
two or three years, embarking in his present business in the spring of 1854. The 
firm was at first known as B. F. & A. Stephens, and continued such for about twenty- 
two years; then for three years was simply A. Stephens, and is now Stephens & Son. 
Mr. Stephens is one of the oldest business men of the city and during his long con- 
nection with mercantile interest has been honorable and upright in every respect 
and has made many friends by his straightforward course through life. At the 
time of his settlement the town was but a small hamlet of three or four hundred 
population, and almost the entire growth of the town and county has been witnessed 
liy Mr. Stephens. He is a member of the Indiana State Undertakers' Association and 
Chosen Friends. In the early days of Elkhart he was a town trustee. He was mar- 
ried in 1860 to Miss Frances E. Hall, by whom he has four children: Lillie, Luella, 
Henry E. and Charlie A. He and his family attend the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
of which he is a member. 

Perry L. Tukner. Of the younger element of our prominent, energetic and in- 
fluential citizens, none are better known than Mr. Perry L. Turner, one of the dis- 
tinj^nished attorneys of Elkhart During the years he has practiced his profession 
here he has shown himself to be endowed with superior ability, and his comprehen- 
sive knowledge of the law, together with the soundness of his judgment, secured him 
almost immediate recognition at the bar. Since that time to the present he has so 
identified himself with the affairs of the place that its history can not be recorded with- 
out according him a conspicuous and honorable part. Mr. Turner is now acting as 
United States Commissioner, by appointment from the Hon. William A. Woods; is at 
presenttheefficient and popularattorney of the city ofElkhartand a member of the law 
firm of Chamberlain & Turner, both men of high moral character who are universally 
res|iected and esteemed. Mr. Turner is a native of the city of Elkhart, born in 
Osolo township, October 27, 1860, and is a son of Lyman and Tamar (Wilkinson) 
Turner, both of whom came to this country as early as 1849 and were here married. 
They became the parents of five children, one only, besides our subject, now living — 
Dr. Porter Turner. The father died October 19, 1888; the mother is still living. 
Our subject passed his youthful days in assisting his father on the farm, and supple- 
mented a common-school education by graduating from the high schools of Elkhart. 
Following this he took a select literary course at the University of Chicago an<l Val- 



MEMOIRS OF IJVDIAMA. 37 

paraiso College. On the 20th of May, 1882, he began the study of law with Capt. O. 
T. Chamberlain and was admitted to the bar in 1884, forming a partnership with his 
present associate in 1886. He was elected city attorney in 1884 and has held the 
office continuously ever since. During the eight years he has held this office, he 
has so well acquainted himself with every branch and question of municipal law 
that he was well able to perform the duties of his office. In that capacity he has 
performed honorable and efficient services, and so satisfactorily has he discharged 
his duties that high esteem has been placed upon his efforts. He has already at- 
tained a high standing in the legal fraternity and his reputation and record are first- 
class for integrity and trustworthiness in all matters entrusted to him. In him the 
community has a faithful and unswerving friend, ever alert to serve its best interest 
and generous in his contributions toward every movement tending to the general 
advancement. If he should so desire, the future holds for him political honors, and 
no one would bear them with more becoming grace or better reflect their Instre. He 
was married on the 7th of January, 1886, to Miss Mamie E. Wright, daughter of 
Henry C. Wright, a prominent citizen of Elkhart and ex-mayor of the city. Mr. and 
Mrs. Turner are members of the Episcopal Church and are universally respected. 
Although one of the youngest attorneys at the bar of Elkhart, Mr. Turner stands at 
the head of his profession, and in whatever positions of trust he has been placed he 
has performed honorable and efficient service, and is entitled, with others, to feel a 
pride and satisfaction over the result of efforts and labors that have culminated in 
the glorious Elkhart of to-day. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, I. O. O. 
F. and K. of P. 

James H. State, of the law firm of State & Chamberlin, Elkhart, Ind.,was born at 
Lorin, Lewis county, N. Y., May 4, 1855. His parents, John and Theresa (Riley) 
State, natives of Ireland, came to the United States and settled in that territory, now 
known as Adirondack county. In 1870 the family removed to Elkhart county fiom 
Madison, Ohio, where they located about 1861, the father dying in Elkhart, June 
23, 1892. James H. and his sister Lizzie, their two children, were educated at Madi- 
son. On coming to Elkhart, the former entered the office of the Review, holding 
a position there until 1875, when he began the study of law in the office of Hon. M. 
F. Shuey. Later he studied in the office of Judge Van Fleet for one year and was 
admitted to the bar in 1877. Beginning practice immediately, the young lawyer 
enjoyed more than the ordinary success of young men in the profession. In 1879 
the partnership with Mr. Chamberlin was formed, and this partnership is to- day 
the oldest in the city. Fourteen years of practice in a larger city than Elkhart will 
always influence the public mind, and in the case of this firm such influence has 
been a most beneficent character. On May 4, 1876, Mr. State was elected city 
clerk. He was twenty-two years old that day, and this was the manner in which a 
majority of the citizens observed his birthday. In 1878 he was re-elected and served 
for eight years as prosecuting attorney for the city. 

His marriage with Miss Kate Snyder of Elkhart was celebrated in 1877. They 
are the parents of one child, Margie. Mr. State is a Master Mason, a member of 
the National Union of the Royal Arcanum, and of other benevolent associations. He is 
the attorney for the Elkhart Water Company, and a member of that corporation. It 
is sniil that he is the most brilliant of the young lawyers of Elkhart county; while in 
addition to his shrewdness and ability as a lawyer he possesses the gift of oratory 
in a marked degi-ee. 

Gen. W. W. Dtjdlet, a man gifted with more than the average degree of intel- 
ligence and shrewdness, and as gallant a soldier as ever wore shoulder straps, is a 
native of the Green Mountain State, his birth occurring August 27. 1842, in Wind- 
sor county. He completed his education with a course at Russell's Collegiate and 
Commercial Institute, at New Haven, Conn., which also gave him an excellent mil- 
itary training. Coming to Indiana in 1S60, he embarked in milling, but early in 
1861 enlisted for the war and was elected captain of a company in the Nineteenth 



38 PICTORIAL AJfD BIOGRAPHICAL 

Regiment of Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He was promoted, from time to time, to 
the colonelcy of his regiment, and for gallant and meritorious services at the battle 
of Gettysburg was breveted brigadier general. Having previously participated in 
some of the most hotly contested engagements of the war, his military career ended 
at Gettysburg, where his regiment lost nearly three-fourths of its number on the 
first day, and where Col. Dudley was so severely wounded in the right leg as to ne- 
cessitate amputation. From the effects of this wound he remained unfit for any 
active work for nearly a year, and from the effects of which he is yet a sufferer. In 
1866 and again in 1870 he was elected clerk of the Circuit Court of Wayne 
county, was cashier of the Richmond Savings Bank for a time, and from which he 
resigned to accept the appointment of United States Marshal for the district of In- 
diana. Col. Dudley is one of the most prominent Republicans in the State of Indi- 
ana, and through his superior management the State was kept Republican and cast 
its electoral vote for President Harrison in 1888. Col. Dudley is an Odd Fellow, 
a Free Mason, a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and by his marriage 
with Miss Theresa Fiske is the father of seven children. 

Benjamin F. Stephens, attorney at law, real estate dealer and insurance agent of 
Elkhart, Ind., has his ofiice at 317| Main street, and in every branch of his business 
is meeting with marked success. He has a decided veneration for the law, and this, 
combined with the accuracy of his legal knowledge, lucidity of statement and felicity 
of illustration has given him the confidence of all his patrons. He was bom in 
Dauphin county. Pa., Jan. 17, 1831, to Andrew and Mary (Braden) Stephens, who 
were natives of the State of Pennsylvania and of Scotch-Irish descent. The father 
was an active participant in the war of 1812, and died in Dauphin county, Pa., in 
1832, having been a farmer throughout life. He left a widow and six children to 
mourn their loss, and in the spring of 1852 they turned their footsteps westward and 
eventually settled in Elkhart, Ind., where the mother was called from this life in 
the spring of 1855. B. F. Stephens was only one year old at the death of his 
father, and owing to this fact his childhood and early manhood was one long struggle 
with poverty. He lived on a farm until seventeen years of age, attending school dur- 
ing the winter months; then went to Harrisburg, Pa., and began serving an appren- 
ticeship at the cabinetmaker's trade, which he completed and then came west with 
his mother and brothers and sister, and for a few months worked at his trade in 
Elkhart. In the fall of 1852 he and his brother opened a furniture and under- 
taker's establishment of their own, subsequently added hardware to their stock, 
and carried on their business with marked success until 1877, when he sold out to 
his brother Andrew, who still conducts an undertaking business. Succeeding this, 
Mr. Stephens engaged in general office business, settling decedents' estates, etc., 
and reading law, which always possessed considerable charm for him, and in Janu- 
ary, 1892, he was admitted to the bar of ElkLiart county. He makes a specialty of 
loaning money, drawing up deeds, mortgages, etc., and is doing a thriving busi- 
ness, and one which is congenial to his tastes. He has served as township tmstee 
two years, four years president of the board of town trustees before it was incorpor- 
ated as a city, and for sis years was a member of the school board, of which he was 
treasurer and secretary. He is a member of the Scotch-Irish Society of America, is 
a member of and an earnest worker in the Methodist Episcopal Church, having 
united with the church March, 1853, and for a number of years was superintendent 
of the Sabbath-school, and held various other church oifices. He is a member of the 
board of directors and president of the R. R. Y. M. C. A., and there is no organ- 
ized movement in the city for the alleviation of suffering, for help and succor to 
earth's unfortunates, which does not receive his warm, strong sympathy and efficient 
aid. He has been a delegate of the Y. M. C. A. to the international conventions held 
atMilwaukee, Atlanta. Ga., San Francisco, Philadelphia, Kansas City, and to the sec- 
retary's conference at Chattanooga, Tenn., Harrisburg, Pa., and Oakland, Cal. His 
son, H. E. Stephens, is connected with him in business, and the firm is known as 



MEMOIRS OF INDI^i2fA. 39 

Stephens & Stephens. They are prosperous, wide-awake and intelligent men of 
affairs, as the success which has attended their efforts would indicate. On the 4th 
day of March, 1858, Mr. Stephens was married to Miss Euphemia Martin, a native of 
New York State, and of two children born to them only one is now living — Herrick 
E. Although Mr. Stephens' early life was marked by many hardships, his early self- 
denials taught him to be self-reliant, prudent and economical, and these attributes 
have since been of great benefit to him. His friends believe in "honor to whom 
honor is due," and at all times pay him unbounded respect, the outcome of his cor- 
rect mode of living. 

De. William A. Neal is a medical practitioner of more than local renown, which 
fact may be in a measure attributed to his love for his profession, and to him the 
arduous duties of bis calling is a " labor of love." Whatever the social or financial con- 
dition of the patient who seeks his service, no effort is spared in the treatment of 
his case, for he believes it the highest duty of the physician to cure the ills to which 
mankind is heir if it lies within his power to do so. He devotes himself to his work 
with conscientious zeal, and gives little regard to the rewards or emoluments that are 
to follow. He believes in a progressive system of medicine, and notes with eager 
interest every progressive step taken by his profession. He was born in the city of 
Elkhart, Ind. , January 29, 1836, to Henry and Kebecca (Kiblinger) Neal, who were 
born in Maryland and Ohio, and were of Welsh and French-German descent, 
respectively. The paternal grandfather came from Wales and settled near Hagers- 
town, Md., where he was engaged in farming. About 1858 he located with his 
family in Elkhart county, Ind., and here his declining years were spent. Henry 
Neal became a resident of the town of Elkhart in 1835, at which time the population 
did not exceed 200, and here he opened a harness shop, the first one in the town, 
which he successfully conducted until his health became so impaired that he gave it 
up and retired to private life. He died in 1883, in his seventy-sixth year, his wife 
having been called from life in 1841. They were the parents of two children: Dr. 
William A. Neal and Mrs. Kuss Davis, of Elkhart. Dr. Neal resided in Elkhart 
until about eighteen years of age, during which time he attended the public schools 
and obtained a good practical education. He then went to La Fayette, Ind., to 
pursue his medical studies with Dr. Jewett, with whom he remained some time, 
after which he entered Kush Medical College of Chicago, which well-known institu- 
tion he attended in 1856 and 1857. His first work as a practitioner of the healing 
art was doue at New London, Iowa, in the spring of lS57, and there he continued 
to remain until October, 1861, when the strained relations between the North and 
South culminated in war, and Dr. Neal enlisted as assistant surgeon in the First 
Missouri Engineers, and served as such until the close of the war in 1865. He held 
the rank of captain, and was on field duty the most of his service, being post surgeon 
at Johnsonville, Tenn. , in the spring and summer of 1864. He was with Gen. 
Sherman on his famous march to the sea, and was mastered out at St. Louis, Mo., 
July 28, 1865, after which he located for the practice of medicine at Dayton, Mich., 
which place continued to be his home until November, 1879, since which date Elk- 
hart, Ind., has been his home and the scene of his labors. He is the author of the 
"Illustrated History of the Missouri Engineer and the Twenty-fifth Infantry 
Regiments," which was published in 1889, and is a finely illustrated and authentic 
work of 320 pages. Dr. Neal is secretary of the Elkhart City Medical Society, 
secretary of the Elkhart County Medical Society, a member of the Indiana State 
Medical Society, and of the American Medical Association. In the practice of his 
profession he has been skillful and successful, and his face is a familiar one in many 
homes in Elkhart county. He is sympathetic and kindly in disposition, and as a 
natural consequence many trusts are committed to his care. Socially he is a mem- 
ber of the Royal Arch Masons, the G. A. R. and the Loyal Legion. He is a Republi- 
can politically, and always adheres strictly to the principles of his party. In May, 
1857, he was married to Miss Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. E. H. Lamb, and their 



40 PICTORIAL ANB BIOGRAFUIVAL 

union hag resulted ia the birth of four children: Eva (Mrs. Sawyer of Michigan); 
Harry, and two sous who are deceased. Mrs. Neal is a member of the Congregational 
Church. Faithful and just in the conduct of his business, Dr. Neal is also skillful 
and efficient in the practice of medicine, and is without reproach in any of the affairs 
of life. As a citizen, he has interested himself in the upbuilding of the community, 
and has given generously of his time, labor and means to promote its advancement, 
and support and build up its institutions. 

Hon. William H. English, nominee of the Democratic party for vice-president 
of the United States in 1880, and the founder and for nearly a score of years presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of Indianapolis, was born in the village of Lexing- 
ton, Scott county, Ind., August 27, 1822, being the son of Maj. Elisha G. and 
Mahala (Eastin) English, and grandson of Elisha and Sarah (Wharton) English. 
His education was such as the common schools of the neighborhood afforded, and a 
course of three years at South Hanover College. He chose law as his calling, and 
after a course of reading was admitted to practice in the circuit court at eighteen 
years of age; was later admitted to practice in the State supreme court, and in his 
twenty-third year was licensed to prosecute his profession in the supreme com't of 
the United States. He practiced his profession for a time, but drifted into politics, 
and after filling several local positions of trust was chosen principal clerk of the 
Indiana House of Representatives in 1843 over numerous worthy competitors. In 
1850, after having served as clerk in the Treasury Department at Wa>hington, he 
was selected clerk of the Claims Committee in the United States Senate, and after 
the session resigned and returned to his home in Indiana. In 1851 he was elected 
to represent his native county in the State legislature, and at this session, owing to 
the resignation of Mr. Davis, who was the presiding officer of the House, Mr. Eng- 
lish was elected speaker to fill the vacancy. In 1852 he was nominated and elected 
to Congress from his district, re elected in 1854, was again elected in 1856 against 
his earnest protests, and again re-elected in 1858. During his Congressional career 
he was the author of some of the most notable bills of the day and acquired a na- 
tion il reputation as a debater and statesman. During the war he was offered the 
command of a regiment by Gov. Morton, but declined, and in person took no 
active part during that struggle. In 1863 he founded the First National Bank at 
Indianapolis, and for years turned his attention to banking, in which pursuit he dis- 
played marked ability. He also acquired considerable interest in the city railroads 
of Indianapolis, and other stocks, but the prodigious energy he displayed under- 
mined his health .so that in 1877 he resigned the presidency of the bank and an- 
nounced his intention of retiring from active business pursuits. His unanimous 
nomination for the vice-presidency in 1880 and the defeat of his party are matters 
of national history. Mr. English was always a Democrat in politics, and many say 
he w iS better than his party. For his life's helpmate. Miss Emma M. Jackson, of 
Virginia, became his wife November 17, 1847, who died November 14, 1876, after 
bearing one son and one daughter. 

Edwijj Finn is the general manager of the S. D. Kimbark manufacturing estab- 
lishment at Elkhart, Ind., and in connection with his duties has perfected inventions 
that are destined to not only make his name famous as an inventor, but rank him 
among the labor-saving mechanics of the age. A native of Milwaukee, Wis., his 
birth occurred September 19, 1849, being a son of William and Margaret (Tage) 
Finn. The former was a botanist and a farmer and an unusually well posted and 
esteemed man. He died March 7, 1892, in Green county, Wis., at which place his 
widow yet lives. Edwin Finn is the eldest of a family of six children and his early 
youth was passed in acquiring a practical education. When yet a boy he became 
an employe in a manufacturing establishment at Milton Junction, Wis., and since 
that time, with but little exception, he has followed mechanical pursuits. He at- 
tracted considerable attention by purchasing a saw and planing-mill at Quincy, 
Mich., and from an almost worthless plant succeeded in building it up to one of the 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 41 

best and most productive of its kind in the southern part of the State. He was in- 
duced in 1886 to become connected with S. D. Kimbark, of Chicago, 111., assuming 
full charge of his establishment at Quincy, Mich. ; but in August, 1890, came tu 
Elkhart, Ind. , and began the erection of their present establishment. This consists 
of a main building, two stories high, brick material, 80x400 feet, with a detached 
but contiguous building one story high 40x212 feet. This is one of the largest and 
most perfectly equipped manufacturing establishments in the world, is protected bv 
automatic water-works, and is a credit to the skill and ability of Mr. Finn. They 
manufacture line carriage bodies, seats, carriage parts, hickory and oak spokes, car- 
riage and wagon wood- work; employ about one hundred men and transact fuUy 
$100,000 worth of business yearly. Mr. Finn is a practical machinist of a high 
order and a genius for invention. Perhaps the most remarkable product of his fer- 
tile brain is a multiple automatic screw driver, the screws set automatically, which 
has thirty-two drivers and is operated by two men. This machine readily performs 
work on 200 bodies daily and while not yet completed is already invaluable. A 
scarcely less serviceable invention of Mr. Finn's is his multiple automatic boring 
machine, operating sixteen bits, accomplishes work as well as though done by hand 
and is practically unlimited as to capacity. A mitre saw for making the joint on 
body panels, after the panels have been securely glued to the frame, is anoUier val- 
uable addition wrought by Mr. Finn, and its value is most important because' it 
avoids splitting and insures perfect joints. Besides these he has improvements in- 
vented as attachments to other machinery, which, taken all together, is sufficient to 
insure him as one of the principal inventors of the age. Mr. Finn is a Republican 
and a Knight Templar Mason. To his marriage with Miss Franc A. Cummins, one 
son has been born — Willie L 

Judge Joseph D. Arnold, attorney at law of Elkhart, was bom in York township, 
Elkhart county, Ind., February 14, 1836, a son of A. B. and A. D. (Davis) 
Arnold, who were natives respectively of New York and Vermont. The Arnold 
family were early settlers of New England, the paternal grandfather, Joseph Arnold, 
having come from North Adams, Mass. In an early day he became a resident of the State 
of New York, where the remainder of his days were passed. His son, A. B. Arnold, 
was reared to a knowledge of farm life, but in 1835 left the State of New York to 
remove to Indiana, coming thither in wagons and crossing the Dominion of Canada. 
They settled in what is now York township, which at that time was very sparsely 
settled. He entered eighty acres of Government land which was heavily timbered, upon 
which he erected a rude log cabin, and in this rude dwelling he continued to live un- 
til he could make better improvements. After a few years he removed to Wiscon 
sin, where his life ended in 1885. He became quite prominent in Elkhart county 
and held the positions of justice of the peace, township trustee and held various 
other township offices. He and his wife became the parents of five sons, all of 
whom are living, four being residents of Wisconsin. On his father's farm the sub- 
ject of this sketch was brought up to a knowledge of agi'iculture, and like the 
majority of farmers' boys received his initiatory training in the old time subscrip- 
tion and public schools. Later he attended school at Ontario, Indiana and Cleve- 
land, Ohio. He remained under the shelter of the parental roof until he was 
twenty-four years of age, during which time he assisted in the duties of the farm, 
but at that time was made deputy county clerk and held the position from 1860 to 
1S62. He then began reading law with John H. Baker and after a satisfactory and 
highly commendable examination he was admitted to the bar in 1863, soon after 
which he entered upon the practice of his profession in Goshen and Elkhart, con- 
tinuing until 1871, when he removed to Lake Geneva, Wis., where he engaged in 
farming until 1879, since which time he has resided at Elkhart. He was prosecut- 
ing attorney for the district comprising the counties of Elkhart, St. Joseph, Laporte 
and Marshall, from 1868 to 1870. In the month of May, 1892, he was elected city 
judge, is prominent in official circles and is a true and tried Republican. He was 



42 PICTORIAL AUD BIOGRAPHICAL 

married in 1865 to Miss Louise J., dangbter of N. F. Brodrick, Esq., by whom 
be has two cbiidren: Glenn B., priocipal of the high school at Clintonville, Wis., 
and Halton C, clerk in a drug store at Lake Geneva, Wis. The judge is a member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

Nehemiah F. Brodrick (deceased). All people of true sensibility and a just 
regard for the memory of those who have departed this life cherish the details of the 
history of those whose careers have been marked by uprightness and truth and 
whose lives havebeen tilled up with acts of usefulness. Sir. Brodrick was a pioneer of 
Elkhart county and was a member of a family that traced their origin to the isle of 
Erin, although they came to America during the early history of this country, the 
grandfather of Nehemiah, Anthony Brodrick, having been a patriot in the Ameri- 
can Revolution, holding the rank of colonel, and was in the battle of Ticonderoga. 
After living many years in New Jersey, he accompanied his son Robert, the father 
of Nehemiah, on his journey westward, but died on the way, in Fayette county, 
Penn., in the year 1807. The family continued their journey to Ohio and settled 
in Montgomery couuty, Ohio, near Dayton and two years afterward removed to 
Butler county, in the vicinity of Hamilton. Nehemiah F. Brodrick was born in 
Sussex county, N. J., April 30, 1805, near the site of the present town of 
La Fayette, and his early schooling, which was of a very limited character, was 
obtained in the public schools near Hamilton, Ohio, which he attended until he 
reached the age of eleven years, when he went to Piqua, Ohio, and entered the store 
of William Johnson. His stay here was brief, for he soon accompanied his father 
to Allen county (now Auglaize), Ohio, locating at Wapakoneta, where his father 
entered the employ of Col. Johnson, Indian agent, as blacksmith for the Shawnee 
Indians, which position he retained for twelve years, and so endeared himself to the 
Wolf tribe that with great porap and ceremony he was made a member of the tribe 
and was christened Nosau-tuck-au, or the "guardian." In 1817 Nehemiah F. 
returned to Piqna, Ohio, where he clerked in the store of Nicholas Greenham until 
he attained the age of eighteen years, when he returned to Wapakoneta and com- 
menced the traffic of goods on his own account, the majority of his patrons being 
the numerous Indians that roamed the country. Mr. Brodrick became thoroughly 
familiar with the Shawnee language and was able to speak it fluently. In 1829 he 
was selected by the Indians, and confirmed by the Government, as one of the ap- 
praisers of their improvements, and to him was intrusted the proceeds, amounting to 
about S13,0(X), to distribute among the tribe. He remained in that locality for 
some twelve years, at the end of which time he removed to Shelby county of the 
same State, where he sold goods until 1835 at Hardin, near Sidney, filling also the 
position of surveyor of that county for five years. He was married in 1831 to 
Margaret Henry, sister of the late Dr. John H. Henry, by whom he had five chil- 
dren: John H., Charles B., Justus L., Melissa (deceased), and Louise J., wife of 
Judge Joseph D. Arnold, of Elkhart. In September, 1835, Mr. Brodrick came to 
Elkhart, which was then a villageof about two hundred inhabitants and found employ- 
ment in the store of Elijah Beardsley, the only merchant and postmaster of the place. 
The winter of 1835-6 he taught a three months' term of school, but in 1840, in con- 
nection with Dr. J. H. Henry, he opened a mercantile establishment, and continued, 
sometimes with a partner and sometimes without, for nine years, after which he de- 
voted his time and attention to the duties of justice of the peace and for over 
twenty-one years adjusted his neighbor's ditEcidtiea in a very praisworthy and im- 
partial manner. He occasionally acted as a surveyor, and surveyed several additions 
to the town of Elkhart, his duties in this respect being quite arduous. His work 
was always noted for the care bestowed upon it, as well as for its absolute accuracy. 
Throughout a long and well-spent life the breath of calumny never found on him a 
resting place, and all who knew him entertained for him the highest feeling of friend- 
ship aad respect. In politics he was an earnest Republican and in the struggle of 
the Government to put down the late Rebellion he gave his earnest support to the 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 43 

Union and sent two sons to the war. He was called from life on the 13th of May, 
1879, his death resulting from heart disease. 

John H. Bbodkick has successfully followed varions occupations throughout life 
and is now one of the wealthy capitalists of Elkhart, with the interests of which 
city he has beea identified from the commencement of his career, for here he first 
saw the light of day on November 9, 1835, his father being Nehemiah F. Brodrick, 
whose sketch appears above. John H. was educated in the public schools of Elkhart 
and being ambitious, he, at an early age, opened a furniture establishment which he 
conducted until the spring of 1860, when he sold out and removed to Shelby county. 
Ohio, where, for two years, he was engaged in farming in the vicinity of Sidney. 
In that year he returned to Elkhart and purchased property, and in the fall he 
joined Company D, One Hundredth Indiana Infantry, with which he served until 
the war closed, acting in the capacity of commissary sergeant, with headquarters at 
Louisville, Ky. , during the last winter of the war being on detached hospital duty 
with the Army of Tennessee. He witnessed many fiercely contested battles, among 
which were Missionary Ridge, Kenesaw Mountain and the engagements of the Atlanta 
campaign, bein<r on those bloody battlefields issuing rations to the soldiers. He 
was mustered out of the service in 1865 and returned to his home to once more take 
up the peaceful pursuits of a civilian's life, and until 1878 was a successful mer- 
chant and manufacturer. He then decided to follow the advice of Horace Greeley 
and " go west," and in 1878 he found himself in Kansas, where he followed milling 
and was quite extensively engaged in dealing in real estate in Mitchell and Osborne 
counties. He built the largest hotel in the Northwest at Osborne, Kan., and named 
the house "Key West," but it is now known as the Lipton House. In Jan- 
uary, 1881, he returned to Elkhart, which city has since been his home. He helped 
to build the starch works at Elkhart, has been a valuable citizen of the city in numer- 
ous ways, and has expended large sums of money in building up and improving the 
place. For one year he did business in Goshen, but Elkhart has been the principal 
scene of his operations. He was married in January, 1860, to Miss Eleanora S. 
Maxwell, a native of Sidney, Ohio, by whom he has five children: Laura E., wife 
of C. W. Baldwin, of Osborne, Kan.; Alberta M., wife of S. E. Kuede; Carl J.; 
Harry M., and Ealph E. Mr. Brodrick is a member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, Shiloh Post, of which he is an honored member. His experience in life 
has been a varied one, but at the same time one that reflects great credit upon him, 
and the reputation he has acquired as a shrewd man of business and a public spir- 
ited citizen has been gained through his own individual efforts and at the expense 
of hard, practical experience. 

Hon. Richakd W. Thompson was a native of Culpeper county, Va., born in 
June, 1809, and was descended from one of " the first families of Virginia." When 
twenty-two years old he emigrated to Indiana, taught a private school at Bedford 
and later opened the Lawrence County Seminary. Subsequently he read law, was 
admitted to the bar in 1834 and the same year was elected to the State legislature, 
and reelected in 1838. In 1839 he was elected to the State Senate and during his 
career as a State legi.slator not only displayed great ability and foresight, but was 
instrumental in effecting very important legislation. Upon the resignation of 
Lieut. -Gov. Wallace, Mr. Thompson was president of the Senate -pro tempore, and 
held the office of acting governor during the administration of Hon. Noah Noble. 
As a Whig he was nominated and elected to Congress in 1841 from the Second dis- 
trict, and declining a renomination moved to Terre Haute in 1843, where for nearly 
half a century he was engaged in the practice of the law. In 1847 he was again 
nominated for Congress by the Whig party, and, accepting the nomination, was re- 
elected and became a national character because of his prominence in legislative 
matters. Although tendered the Austrian mission by President Taylor in 1S49, he 
declined the appointment, preferring to remain in his native country. During the 
war of the Rebellion he rendered the union active and valuable services, was com- 



U PICTORIAL AJ^B BIOGRAPHICAL 

mandant of Camp Dick Thompson, near Terre Haute, and also served as provost 
marshal of the district. In 1867 he was elected judge of the Eighteenth Judicial 
District, but declined the candidature of a second term. For a number of years he 
lived in retirement, steadily refusing political preferment, and turning his attention 
to literary and educational pursuits, his large and valuable library affording him an 
ample field for study. In March, 1877, President Hayes appointed him to his cabi- 
net as Secretary of the Navy, and so ably did he fill the duties of that position that 
he brought order out of chaos, simplified the duties of his subordinates, dismissed 
unnecessary employes, established his department on a sound basis and saved sev- 
eral million dollars to the Government that had previously been frittered away. Mr. 
Thompson is one of the men whose name bears an imperishable imprint on the page 
of Indiana history. He is now in his eighty-fifth year, hale and hearty; he has 
been a participant in sixteen presidential campaigns and on September 3, 1893, 
made one of the ablest political speeches of his life, comprising six columns of news- 
paper print. 

Horace S. Hubbard, of the Hubbard Lumber Company, of Elkhart, Ind. , is an en- 
terprising man of affairs and is engaged in a business that has always held an im- 
portant place in the commercial centers of the country. The successful conduct of 
the business employs large capital, and Mr. Hubbard has an extensive yard, well 
stocked with hard wood and pine lumber, in fact, all sorts of building material is 
kept constantly on hand. Mr. Hubbard was born in Minneapolis, Minn., June 13, 
1859, a son of S. D. and Eliza (Sexton) Hubbard, who were born in Vermont and 
Hartford, Conn., respectively. The father was one of the early settlers of Minne- 
sota, and while in that State took part in a number of engagements with the Indians. 
After some time he removed to Pittsburg, Penn., and almost immediately engaged 
in the manufacture of axes, saws, shovels, etc., the establishment being now known 
as the American Ax & Tool Co. Five of the six children born to himself and wife 
are living: C. S., Nellie S., Horace S., Lucy K. and William H. In the public 
schools of Pittsburg Horace S. Hubbard was educated, graduating from the high 
school of that place. His early knowledge of business was acquired in his father's 
manufactory, but after some time he removed to Elkhart, Ind., about 1882, and later 
was engaged in merchandising in Chicago and Denver, Colo. In the latter city he 
was in the hardware business with George Switch Hardware Company, the largest 
house in its line in the West. Succeeding this he was with the Norman-Percheron 
Horse Company of Greeley, Colo. , and for some time was engaged in ranching. In Jan- 
uary, 1891, he embarked in his present business in Elkhart, which he has conducted 
in a very successful manner. He is a very progressive man of business, is liberal with 
his patrons and as a result has already become the recipient of much favor and a 
liberal patronage. Mr. Hubbard was married in 1884 to Miss Nora J., daughter of 
A. J. Wolf, a prominent business man of Elkhart, and their union has resulted in 
the birth of one child, a daughter, Hazel O. Mr. Hubbard is quite extensively en- 
gaged in the real estate business, and is the very efficient manager of the A. J. Wolf 
estate. He has been a notary public since 1891, and is a member" of the Royal 
Arcanum. He and his wife worship in the Presbyterian Church. 

M.iETiN G. Sage (deceased). Among the noble men of Elkhart county, Ind., 
who fulfilled their destiny and are now no more, may be mentioned Martin G. Sage, 
whose walk through life was characterized by the most honorable business methods, 
by the keenness of^his commercial instincts, by his devotion to his family and friends 
and bv the interest he took in the welfare of his fellow-men. In him Elkhart lost 
one of its most industrious and successful citizens, and when the final summons 
came on Sunday, September 11, 1892, there ended a busy, industrious life that had 
done much to advance the commercial importance of the county and especially the 
city that had been his home for so many years. His natal county was Chautauqua, 
N. Y., where he first saw the light of day July 24, 1817, and when still a youth 
numerous burdens were laid upon his slender shoulders and he was intrnsted with 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 45 

important duties. At the age of sixteen years he was sent by his father to Adams- 
ville, Cass Co., Mich., to represent him in his business relations with his father's 
partner, with whom he was engaged in general merchandising. The mill at Adams- 
ville was erected shortly after young Sage's arrival and he took an active part in 
superintending its building. His parents and only brother, Norman, followed him 
to Cass county in 1834, and when the latter had attained his majority the father in- 
formed his sons that his property was involved, but if they would join him in part- 
nership and wipe out this obligation, he would transfer the property to them. They 
accepted, and from that time were intimately associated in their business relations 
and being unusually enterprising and energetic, their labors were crowned with 
success. 

The father, Moses Sage, died in 1862, after which Martin and Norman continued 
the business of milling, merchandising and farming, which he had established there, 
and did all their business and owned everything in common. About 1872 Martin 
came to Elkhart, Ind., to reside, and joined Norman, who had come in 1869, in the 
milling business, and until about six years ago they were equal partners in all their 
enterprises. Then they began to divide up their extensive estate, and up to the 
death of Martin, the only property held in common was the Harvest Queen Flonrintr 
Mill and some land about their beantiful brick residences on Division street. The 
most of his time was devoted to the management of the mill, but he was also the 
sole owner of a mill at Adamsville, which property he inherited from his father's 
estate, held stock in the National Starch Company and stock in the Globe Tissue 
Paper MiU, besides considerable private property. Always practical and possessing 
methodical habits, these characteristics stood him in good stead in helping to liqui- 
date his father's indebtedness, and they soon found themselves out of deep water and 
floating on a prosperous tide. About two weeks prior to his death he was pros- 
trated with typhoid fever and, owing to his advanced ago and enfeebled condition 
caused by frequent severe sicknesses, he was unable to withstand the resistless 
OQslaughts of the terrible typhus, and he finally succumbed to the grim destrover. 
He was surrounded by his family and that of his brother Norman when the end 
came. He left a widow and two children. Carleton Sage, a son of his first wife, 
Laura, a sister of Col. R. M. and Guy C. Johnson, of this city, whom he married in 
February, 1850, and who died in April, 1851. He next married Mrs. Jane Bird, a 
sister of John S. Merritt, of La Grange, who bore him three children: Ella, Norman 
Henry and Laura. Ella married George B. Merritt and died about twelve years 
ago. Norman H. was killed iu the Harvest Qneen Mill in October, 1886, leavinw a 
little daughter who was adopted by Mr. Sage. Laura is married to Edward Bush- 
nell, of Chicago. The mother of these children was called from life some fifteen 
years ago, and iu 1881 Mr. Sage wedded his third wife. Miss Mary Morrow, who 
survives him. Although his early educational advantages were quite limited, he 
was an intelligent and polished gentleman, both by instinct and training, and his 
personal appearance was decidedly pleasing. He possessed generous, true-hearted 
and hospitable instincts, and being kind and social in disposition he won nnnaerous 
friends and rarely lost them. He kept thoroughly posted on the general topics of 
the day, and being a man of intellect, he used his wealth to a good advantage and 
materially aided in the upbuilding of mercantile enterprises which have and do 
now reflect credit upon the community. He was never so happy as when surronnded 
liy his family, to whom he was very devoted, and his many friends, and the affection 
that always existed between himself and his brother Norman was always a verv close 
and strong one. Undisturbed in the later years of his life by cares other than 
those he allowed to rest lightly upon him, he devoted much of his time to social 
pleasures of a quiet kind, and thus gracefully grew old and passed to his reward. 
He was postmaster at Adamsville, Mich., from about 1840 to 1870. 

Dr. Porter Turner, the above meutioned gentleman, is a gifted young physician 
who has seen fit to locate for the practice of his noble and useful calling in the 



46 PICTORIAL JJfB BIOGRAPBICAL 

town where he first saw the light of day — -Elkhart, lud., and owing to a superior 
knowledge of his calling as well as to his natural kindness of heart and sympathetic 
nature he has gathered about him a large number of -patrons. He has the happy 
faculty of inspiring his patients with courage aod hope, which goes a long way to- 
ward their recovery, and his prospect for a brilliant future in the field of medical 
science is a very bright one. He was born in July, 1852, to Lyman and Tamar 
(Wilkinson) Turner, natives of New York and Ohio respectively, but in 1849 this 
worthy coaple took up their residence in Elkhart county, Ind., where the father de- 
voted his attention to farming until his death, which occurred in 1889, his widow 
still surviving him. They became the parents of five children: Porter, and Perry L., 
the only ones now living. Dr. Porter Turner was by no means nursed on the 
lap of luxury in his youth, but he always had an abundance of everything necessary 
for his comfort, and he fortunately received the advantages of the excellent public 
schools of Elkhart, and with excellent Judgment made the most of his opportunities. 
All his young life was spent in laboring on the farm, where the very air he breathed 
seemed to give him hope, pluck and courage, and when he started out in life for him- 
self at the age of twenty- four years, although his inheritance was insufficient to en- 
able him to start in the race of life with flattering prospect of building up a large 
fortune, he did inherit industry, integrity, and that indomitable energy so charac- 
teristic of men who have become conspicuous in their callings. After deciding to devote 
his life to medicine, he entered the Hahnemann Medical College, of Chicago, from 
which he graduated in 1886, after which he immediately opened an office in 
Elkhart and at once arose in popular favor until he now has a sufficient practice to 
keep him constantly employed. He pays special attention to general surgery, in 
which he has done some exceptionally skillful and delicate work, and he seems to 
have a natural aptitude for this branch of medicine. He is a member of Northern 
Indiana and the Southern Michigan Homoeopathic Medical Society; also the Indiana 
State M-^dical Society, and he practices among the best people of the county. He 
belongs to that honorable order, the Knights of Pythias. He was married in 1872 
to Miss Charlotte Titus, of Elkhart, by whom he has five children; Willie F., 
Nellie, Minnie, Lillian and Carrie. A thoroughly conscientious practitioner of 
medicine, he entertains the idea that the first and highest obligation of a physician 
is to his patients, and to discharge that obligtition faithfully, requires that he should 
keep pace with the progress of medical science. This necessitates not only much 
bard study of the science of medicine itself, but kindred sciences as well. An esti- 
mable gentleman, as well as a successful physician, honest and conscientious, in his 
dealings with his patients, upright in all business transactions, and courteous in his 
intercourse with other members of the profession, he commands the respect of those 
with whom he is at all intimately associated, and their admiration for his many fine 
mental qualities. 

George H. Fister, city clerk of Elkhart, Ind., and a man of much intelligence, 
force of character and determination, was born in Adrian, Mich., on September 3, 
1853, a son of George W. and Johanna R. (Pruden) Fister, who came from theState 
of New York and were among the early settlers of the State of Michigan in the 
vicinity of Adrian. The father was a machinist and engineer of much ability and 
intelligence, attained prominence in his calling, and while a resident of Michigan he 
held a number of otScial positions. He died in Toledo, Ohio, in January, 1892, he 
and his wife having become the parents of the following children: George H., 
Charles F. and Colonel P., and one daughter who died in childhood. George H. 
Fister was about nine years of age when his parents moved to Toledo, and there the 
principal part of his education was obtained. He possessed quite an artistic temper- 
meut. and during his youth devoted his attention to that calling and became a very 
skillful manipulator of the brush, especially in the way of sign and ornamental dec- 
oration, to which he devoted the most of his attention. So thoroughly did he become 
the master of this art th-tt as a token of his proficiency he was awarded a medal by 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 47 

his employers. He served one year as a wood engraver in the firm of French Bros., 
of Toledo, and one year was in the commission ofBce of John Stevens & Co., but 
left this firm to take a course in a commercial college, and fitted himself for an act- 
ive business life in an institution of Toledo. Since 1877 he has been an honored 
resident of Elkhart, Ind., and soon after locating here accepted a position with the 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railroad, as sign writer, in which employ he con- 
tinued to remain until 1890, at which time he severed his connection with this 
road and was made the recipient of testimonials from his employers of which he is 
justly proad. In May, 1890, he was honored with an election to the oflBce of city 
clerk, and discharged his duties in so satisfactory a manner that he was re-elected 
in Muy, 1892, and is fully carrying out the good impression he made durino- his 
first term. Miss Nellie M. Aldrich, of Elkhart, became his wife April 16, 1879, 
and has presented Mr. Fister with three children, Arthur A. being the only one 
now living. One child died of diphtheria August 1, 1890, and the other of the 
same dread disease two weeks later. Mr. Fister is a member of the Knights 
of Pythias and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in both of which worthy 
orgaaizations he is an honored member. As an illustration of his popularity it is 
but necessary to state that upon his re-election to his present ofiice he had the 
largest majority ever given to any man elected to official position in Elkhart. He 
is a gentleman in every worthy particular and stands very high, not only in 
political, but also business and social circles. 

Thomas A. Hendricks. No man in the State of Indiana ever attained the ideal 
citizenship, the affection of his neighbors or the lasting regard of the Democracy of 
the State in a higher degree than Thomas A. Hendricks. The purity of his private 
life, his simple, unassuming ways, his keen, analytical mind, his brilliancv as a de- 
bater and his shrewdness as a political manager forever place him among the most 
eminent men of the nation. John Hendricks, his father, was a farmer by occupa- 
tion, and the family was one of the pioneers of Westmoreland county, Peun . He 
married Miss Jane Thomson, and early in the year 1820 moved with his family to In- 
diana and settled at Madison, where a brother, William Hendricks, who served as Con- 
gressman, governor and United States Senator, had preceded him. John Hen- 
dricks was a deputy surveyor of public lands of Indiana, a position acquired under 
the administration of President Jackson. He moved to Shelby County in 1822, 
which was the family home for years. Thomas A. Hendricks was boru ou a farm 
near Zanesville, Muskingum Co, Ohio, September 7, 1819. He was reared in In- 
diana to manhood, and attended college at South Hanover. Early in youth he 
evinced a predilection for the study of law, and after pursuing the usual course of in- 
struction was admitted to the bar at SheJbyville. His success as a lawyer was not 
rapid, as is usually the case of prominent men, but was gradual and fairly remuner- 
ative. The game of politics was always fascinating to him, and is so interwoven with 
his political career that in his case they are well nigh inseparable. In 1848 he was 
elected to the State legislature, declining a renomination, and in 1850 was unanimously 
chosen senatorial delegate to the convention empowered to amend the State constitution. 
In 1851 he was elected to Congress, was re-elected two years later, but in 1854 was 
defeated for the same position. Much to his surprise, and wholly unsolicited on his 
part, he was appointed commissioner of the general land office by President Pierce 
in 1855. and for a period of four years he faithfully discharged the duties of this of- 
fice. In 1860, when national. State and local politics were in a volcanic condition, 
he was the candidate of the Democratic party for governor, but was defeated bv Col. 
Henry I. Lane, who resigned the position in favor of Oliver P. Morton, in order to ac- 
cept the election of United States senator. Through Mr. Hendricks' indefatigable 
efforts and personal popularity.the State elected a majority of Democratic legislators in 
1862, and they, in turn for his faithful services, rewarded him by electing him United 
States senator. His career as senator was somewhat different from that of many of 
the prominent members of his party in the North. He favored the earnest prosecution 



^ PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

of the Wiif, voting for all measures to that end; he opposed coQscriptiou, and advo- 
cated all measures leading to the enlistment of troops and the payment of bounties. 
At th« close of the war he maintained that, inasmuch as the States in rebellion had 
never been out of the ynion, they were entitled to their full and usual representa- 
tion in Congress, and that these States should have entire control of their respect- 
ive State governments. He opposed the constitutional amendments on the grounds 
that the rebellious States were not represented, and because, in his opinion, suffi- 
cient time should elapse for passion to cool and prejudice abate before such action 
should be taken. After his term of six years as senator had expired he devoted his 
time to the exclusive practice of law, and having previously (1860) moved to Indian- 
apolis he found an extensive field for his talents. Against his protests he was nom- 
inated for governor in 1872 and was decisively elected, serving as chief executive 
officer of the State four years. He became the political idol of the Democrats of the 
State and their earnest support and bis national popularity gained for him the vice- 
presidential nomination in 1876, but was defeated with (iov. Tilden. In 1884 
lie was au-ain honored by a nomination for this exalted office, and was elected with 
President Cleveland. In the midst of his administration his career on earth ended. 
Hoy. Cyrus F. Mosier. The facility with which the A merican soldier laid down 
the implements of warfare, at the close of the great conflict between the Northern 
and Southern States, and adapted himself to the pursuits of civil life, has been the 
wonder of all nations, and scarcely less surprising than gratifying to the American 
people themselves. While not a few very profound citizens of the republic were 
speculating as to what was to become of the thousands of men mustered out uf the 
armies of the United States, the question was solve<i by the ex-soldiers themselves, 
who quietly stepped into the ordinary walks of life, to become the very flower of 
American citizenship, and the chief promoters of a national progress which is with- 
out a parallel in history. In ability, industry, integrity and morality, in respect 
for the rights of others, and everything that goes to make up a good citizen, the 
manhood of the nation suffered nothing as a residt of the war. but on the contrary 
it has been demonstrated that the beardless boys who left the farm, the workshop, 
the storeroom and the college, to fight the battles which were to preserve the life 
of the nation, came out of the conflict as a rule, better fitted for that kind of syste- 
matic, tireless and persistent effort which wins success, than the young Americans 
of anv generation since the revolutionary period. This fact can not fail to impress 
itself upon either the writer of American history proper, or of that branch of his- 
tory which consists of the biographies of those who have achieved sufficient dis- 
tinction to make the record of their lives of interest to the public. Whenever we 
attempt to write the history of a great enterprise, we find among its chief promot- 
ers, men who were at Vicksburg. Donelson, Gettysburg, or Appomattox; we find 
the same class of men on the bench, at the bar, in the pulpit, in high official posi- 
tions, and in the field of medicine, and wherever we find them, with rare exceptions, 
they reflect the highest credit upon their respective callings. Tbe subject of this 
sketch was one who donned the blue uniform and fought bravely for the old fliig, 
serving with distinction through the Rebellion. He comes of good old fighting 
stock, °his paternal grandfather having fought and died for independence. Mr. 
Mosier was born on June 21, 1840, and is a descendant of English ancestors, in- 
heriting their thrift and enterprise. He is the son of Cyrus and Rebecca (Weeks) 
Hosier' natives of the Empire State, where the father, in connection with the mill- 
wright trade, carried on a carriage manufactory. The Weeks family was related to 
the Mosier family on the mother's side, and several members of this family were 
killed in the noted Wyoming massacre. The parents of our subject had born to 
their union three children, as follows: Horace (deceased), Cyrus F., and Charles 
who was drowned in a spring. Cyrus F. was but two months old when his father 
.lied, and his mother afterward removed to Corning, N. Y., where she resided for 
six vears From there she moved toward the setting sun and settled in New Haven, 




Goo. CLAUDE MATTHEWS. 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAJfA. 49 

Ind., where she macrtid Rufus McDonald, one of the prominent men of that sec- 
tion. By this union two children were born, only one, Rufus, now living. The 
original of this notice has known the demands of poverty, and consorted with them 
if any man has, but his honesty, goodness, energy and perseverance have broucrht 
their rewards which he aud family are now enjoying. When bnt a boy he started 
out to iight his own way in life, and first stopped at Newville, Ind., where he se- 
cured employment and schooling during the winter mouths, for sii years, working 
during the summer seasons for his schooling the following winter. At the end of 
this time he was offered the principalship of this school aud after serving in that 
capacity for some time, he accepted other positions. Mr. Mosier is not an educated 
man in the technical sen.se of the word, but he harmonizes cause and effect so log- 
ically, that he is recognized as one whose opinion is of much weight. In 1861. on 
the first call for troops in the State, he was the first man to enlist in the call 
from De Kalb county. He joined Company F, Twelfth Regiment as private and 
later was made sergeant of Company E, Fifty-fifth Regiment. Still later he was 
made first lientenant of Company D, One Hundred and Eighteenth Regiment, and 
served in that capacity for two years and one month, or until about the close of hos- 
tilities. He was captured with about seven thousand men, but made good his escape 
before seeing the inside of prison walls. He was in many hotly contested battles 
during service, and no braver soldier trod the red sod of a battle field. Returning 
home after the war, he engaged in the manufacture of brick, continued this two 
years, and then located in New Haven, Ind., where he was employed as a teacher in 
the vicinity. For seventeen years he was one of the prominent educators of that 
section, and in that capacity his peculiar capabilities shone forth in their brightest 
splendor. He served two terms as city attorney of New Haven, and being a Re- 
publican and the town being strongly Democratic, demonstrated very clearlv the 
hold Mr. Mosier had upon the affection of the people. From there he moved to 
Maysville, Ind. , and started a newspaper, but in the spring of 1877 he removed to 
Bristol, Elkhart county, and started the Bristol Banner, a publication which has 
much to do with molding public sentiment inside its circulation, and which influ- 
ence sent Mr. Mosier two terms to the Indiana Legislature from this county in 
1882, a position he filled with credit to himself and his party. Had he not declined 
peremptorily, he might have been returned in 1888, but like the true gentleman, he 
feU he had been honored enough, and stood aside, cheerfully, only, however, to work 
the harder for his successor. He still owns and controls the Bristol Banner and its 
crisp and trenchant editorials command an ever widening area of circulation, while 
they carry with them that weight and authority which a clear, calm and intelligent 
judgment must always secure. Mr. Mosier is the president of the People's Mutual 
Benefit Society, a position he has held for years, and though subject to deposition 
by the stockholders at their annual, he is nevertheless periodically, made his own 
successor, which compliments his integrity, evidences his popularity, and in so many 
words says: "Leave well enough alone." He has erected a good substantial busi- 
ness block in Bristol, and is prosperous. He is deeply interested in anything 
that points to the elevation of the city of his adoption, is popular with the masses, 
urbane toward all, and if there be anything wanting in his makeup to make him 
a Christian gentleman, no one has discovered it. He enjoys his well-earned re- 
ward with dignity, while his home is a green spot after day's duty is over, Mrs. 
Mosier being a true counterpart of her excellent husband, and as cheerful and 
generous a dispenser, and what may be said of him can be said of few, that he is 
never spoken ill of, and while there may be better people in the city, it will take 
the umpire of ceremonies to discover them. He is a man of stalwart simplicity 
and fine discrimination between riu;ht and wrong, and having the courage of his 
convictions, he is a fighter no matter what the odds. He has a plain but forcible 
manner in appealing to public sentiment, which makes him one of the people as an 
integer, and which would elevate him politically, if he possessed the cheek of the 



50 PICTORIAL AXD BIOGRAPHICAL 

average office-seeker, but beiog built on a more modest plane, it works to bis dis- 
advantage, though probably more to his taste. One of the strongest traits of 
his character is prudence, never acting until all doubt is removed, and the outcome 
logically weighed, and when decided, he rides down obstacles against all bias, hon- 
orable in expense, liberal in contributions to what promises utility, but unworthy 
calls on bis charity get the cold shoulder, and it may truly be said that nature 
and fortune tind in him a combine seldom met, which is why he and Elkhart get 
on together well, and why each is proud to own the other, and may he and his 
live long in the friendship of the city of their adoption. Mr. Mosier was elected 
a member of the school board and ex-officio member county board of education 
for three terms in succession and was secretary of the board at the same time. 
He is treasurer of the Fidelity Building & Savings Union of Indianapolis, where 
he spends much of his time, and socially he is a member of the I. O. O. F. and the 
G. A. R. He was married on May 24, 1863, to Miss Drusilla L. Koe, and they 
have one child living, Horace. Urtis V. and Inez B. are deceased. Horace oc- 
cupies the chair of manager of the loan department of Fidelity Building & 
Loan Company, at a good salary, although only twenty years of age. 

E. T. GiLMAN, manager of the People's Mutual Benefit Society, Elkhart, Ind., is 
a courteous and genial gentleman, and, besides being respected for his intelligence 
and ability, is popular in business and social circles. The county of his birth is 
Essex, N. Y. , where he first saw the light of day in the month of February, 1839, 
a son of Hiram H. and Elizabeth K. (Palmer) Gilman, natives of the States of Ver- 
mont and New York respectively, their ancestors being of English origin and on 
coming to the New World, ranking among the leading settlers of New England. 
The parents of Hiram H. Gilman died when he was quite young, and he was reared 
by his " Aunt Patty, " known as the "bear killer" from the fact that during the 
pioneer davs she killed a bear unaided, when a girl. Mr. Gilman was brought up 
to a knowledge of hard labor in his youthful days, but the knowledge thus learned 
in the rough school of experience made a man of him and taught him to rely upon 
his own resources when yet very young. He was married in New York State and his 
union resulted in the birth of three sons and two daughters, of which family four 
members are still living, William W., Julia S., E. T. and Eleazer E. The father 
died in Minnesota in 1873 and his wife in Dakota ten years later. E. T. was reared 
in the State of his birth and was given the advantage of the " little red school 
house ' ' in which he made the most of the opportunities given him ; and he eventually 
turned his attention to "teaching the young idea" in connection with tilling the 
soil. In 1861 the threatened attitude of political affairs attracted his serious atten- 
tion and he became an ardent supporter of the grand old " stars and stripes. " In 
the month of July, 1862, his name was inscribed on the rolls of Company B, One 
Hundred and Twenty-third New York Volunteers, the fortunes of which he fol- 
lowed in numerous bloody encounters with the enemy and on various long and toil- 
some marches. He was at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and in all the engagements 
with Sherman on his famous "Atlanta campaign" and subsequent march to the 
sea. His career as a soldier was marked by many hardships, which he bore with 
soldierly fortitude and by undaunted courage displayed on the march, in camp and 
on the field of battle. After the termination of hostilities and an honorable dis- 
charge from the services of Uncle Sam at the close of the war of the Rebellion he 
located in the Green Mountain State where he engaged in agriculture for some 
time, but preferring commercial pursuits he entered the employ of a lumber firm at 
Fort Edward, N. Y. , as bookkeeper, where he acquired a thorough knowledge of the 
business of manufacturing lumber, so extensively carried on upon the North River, 
remaining until 1871. At this period he married Miss Eliza M. True, of Glens 
Falls, a daughter of one of the sturdy old pioneers of the State of New York, soon 
after which he settled at Williamsport, Penn., and engaged in the lumber and plan- 
incr-mill business. This he conducted in an efficient and profitable manner until 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 51 

1876, when he engaged in life instirance, being appointed, general agent for the old 
Charter Oak Life Insurance Company. After remaining with this company for live 
years he resigned and engaged in mannfactures at Chicago, 111., which caUing 
occupied his attention until 1885, when he disposed of his interest in the business 
and returned to life insurance, entering the employ of the Phoenix, of Hartford and 
locating at Albany, N. T. In 1888 he accepted the position of general traveling 
agent for the People's Mutual Benetit Society, of Elkhart, and at the end of two 
years was given a position in the home oflBce as superintendent of the agency 
department, which position he held until the resignation of the vice-president, M. 
E. Galvin, now of Detroit. Mr. Gilman was then chosen vice-president and general 
manager of the society and is now faithfully discharging the duties of those posi- 
tions. He is a thorough practical man of affairs, is wide awake, pushing and enter- 
prisiug, keenly alive to the interests of the company, honorable in all his business 
transactions and has the bappy faculty of making friends of edl with whom he has 
business relations. His brother, William, a prosperous farmer of Newton county, 
at present represents his senatorial district in the State Legislature at Indianapolis. 
In the Masonic fraternity he is a Sir Knight, and as a member of the G. A. R., a 
member of Elmer Post. His second marriage was to Miss Alice Hawks, of New 
York City, a most estimable and accomplished lady, whose early life was passed in 
the pleasant village of Sandy Hill, N. Y. He is a member of the Baptist Church. 

Capt. Henry C. Dodge. It was the lot of Henry C. Dodge to come into this 
busy world at a time and under surroundings calculated not only to develop the 
best that was in him, but to so combine or unite the elements of his character as to 
form a symmetrical whole, self-reliant, broad-guaged. courageous, full of tactile 
resources, with an unusual power of blending the theoretical and the practical, and 
with all the elements of mind and heart to make a representative man and citizen. 
On October 9, 1843, when he was bom in Delaware county, Ohio, that State and 
Indiana, where he was brought by his parents in 1847, were both yet in the hands 
of the pioneers and the day of invention and wonderful progress was just dawning. 
No man could foretell the future, as the advancement was destined to be so sudden 
and brilliant that history could furnish no comparison for the guidance of the mind. 
It was an intellectual, generative era, a date when the blended civilizations of many 
nationalities on this continent were united into a new type of mind — one of con- 
trivance or invention, a dominant, aggressive intelligence that was destined to give 
to the world the telegraph, telephone, triple- expansion engine, the electric motor 
and countless other wonderful contrivances to save labor and render mankind happy. 
It was the fortune of Mr. Dodge to have been bom under these influences, amid 
these surroundings and impulses; and it must be remembered that circumstances, 
in a large degree, make the man. But let us look a little closer into his snr- 
roundiogs and weigh the influence of conditions on his manners and mind. 

It was a lucky thing for Mr. Dodge, as it is for thousands of our best citizens 
at present, to have been reared on a farm in the country, away from the contami- 
nating influences of the city. It thus came to pass that when at the age of sixteen 
years, in 1859, he entered a drug store in Elkhart, Ind., his habits were simple and 
good, his mind and morals pnre and his character fresh, manly and buoyant. Pre- 
vious to this event his schooling had been very meager, consisting simply of t«o 
teims at the common schools of the country. His father, Charles Dodge, was a 
man of comfortable circumstances, but was one of the pioneers, with their halnts 
and views of life. He died in 1885, preceded by his wife five years. Thus at 
twelve years of age he began life's battle upon his own responsibility. Necessarily 
his educational advantages were limited and what he had was self-acquired. On 
the death of his father he went to live with an uncle in Ohio, lint when his uncle 
attempted to thresh him for some fancied wrong he ran away, and. barefoot, walked 
to Elkhart, Ind. Thus was his advent in this city. When fifteen years old he 
swung a cradle in the harvest field, making his fnll hand for 50 cents per day. That 



52 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

year he lived alone in a deserted house, boarding himself, and saved 185. The 
next year he chopped cord- wood and owing to the scarcity of money took his pay in 
maple sugar. The change came in the life of Henry C. , when the family came to 
Elkhart county in 1847. His approaching manhood, his quick perception and his 
new surroundings made a man of him when he entered the drug store of Lloyd 
W. Burns in Elkhart in 1859. From that time forward until August, 1862, he 
remained in this store, though iu the meantime the owner, Mr. Burns, died and the 
property passed to Isaac Bncklen. During this period he studied medicine and 
otherwise in a large measure supplemented the deficient education of his earlier 
years. In fact this was the formative period in his career. With sonnd health 
and a mind of unusual penetration, he found himself able to grasp all the great 
public questions of the day, and to take a correct and comprehensive view of the 
duties of life. In other words he found that he possessed higher qualities than 
those required to plod along like a snail through life. It thus occurred that in 
1862 he was a broad-souled man of unusual intelligence and of unswerving princi- 
ples and patriotism. 

In the month of August, 1862, he enlisted as a private in Company G, Sev- 
enty-fourth Regiment, Indiana Volunteers, in which capacity he served with honor 
until April, 1863, when he was appointed hospital steward of his regiment and served 
thus until March 3, 1865. On the 1st of January, 1865. he was promoted to acting 
assistant surgeon of his regiment with the rank of captain of cavalry, receiving his 
commission from Gov. O. P. Morton, and was the youngest man in the service occupy- 
ing so responsible a position. But he had won the promotion and honor by gallantry 
and a stern adherence to duty. He served in this capacity until the cessation of 
hostilities and was honorably discharged from the service at Indianapolis, June 29, 
1865. While serving in the ranks he participated in many of the hottest engage- 
ments of the war. He was in the fierce encounter at Perryville, Ky., where 
the right wing of the Federal army was crushed and swept back with dreadful 
slaughter. At Castillian Springs, Tullahoma, Mission Ridge, Buzzard's Roost, 
Etowah River, Peach Tree Creek, siege of Atlanta, and many other places, he 
bore an honorable part. He was at bloody Chickamauga where the right wing of 
the Federals was pierced and rolled upon Thomas the "rock of Chickamauga" and 
sent flying back to Chattanooga through the mountain gap. At the assault on 
Jonesboro he was detailed by Gen. Jeff. C. Davis to take command of a squad of 
thirty men and remove the wounded. He participated in Sherman's famous march 
to the sea and in the subsequent campaign through the Carolinas. At the battle of 
Jonesboro he received two gunshot wounds and remained for some time in the field 
hospital— the beautiful private residence of some wealthy Georgia fire-eater. 

After his recovery and at the end of the war, he returned to Elkhart and formed 
a partnership in the drug business with J. H. Scott in which business he continued 
until 1876, and for the last six years of this time spent his leisure moments in 
studying law. In 1878 he was admitted to the bar by Judge Wood, and imme- 
diately entered upon the practice of his profession. He subsequently formed a 
partnership with Hon. O. Z. Hubbell, which was dissolved after one year. In 1890 
and 1891 he was in partnership with his brother, J. S. Dodge, but since the last 
named year has practiced alone. As a lawyer he stands at the head of his pro- 
fession. His early training of sincerity and his dominant qualities of persist- 
ence, penetration and logic, sustained by a rare adroitness and by masterly sagacity, 
' eminently fit him for the legal profession, of which he is a distinguished ornament. 
He is absolutely self-made. He is a sound Republican, but is not an office-seeker, 
though his gifts fit him for any position of that character. 

Mr. Dodge is probably the most enterprising citizen of Elkhart. He is always 
foremost in the promotion of any measure having for its object the improvement of 
the city, county or State. He is the builder of six of the largest and finest 
business blocks' in Elkhart; is at present the owner of four of them, and has 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 53 

erected more buildings here than any other individual. His residence is one of 
the finest in the city. His faith in the development of Elkhart led him into the 
real estate business. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity and of the G. A. 
R. In 1865 he was united in marriage with Miss Florence M Conn, a sister 
of Hon. C. G. Conn, and by her has three children: Charles H., Edith M. and 
Ralph. He was married a second time, in 1891, to Nannie E. Brown. 

James S. Dodge, bom in Morrow county, Ohio, August 24, 1846, accompanied 
his parents to Elkhart county in 1849. Charles Dodge, his father, a native of New 
York, settled in Ohio while yet it was the frontier; while Melissa (Shaw) Dodge, his 
mother, a native of Pennsylvania, came with her parents to Ohio in pioneer days. 
In 1848 the famUy removed from Ohio to Elkhart county, where the mother died in 
Baugo township in 1850, and the father in Cleveland township in 1856. Of their 
five children three are living, namely: Henry C, James S., and Pelig S. — the latter 
of Stanton, Mich. James S. Dodge returned to his native county in Ohio immedi- 
ately after his father's death, and there remained with relatives, working on the 
farm or attending school until 1863. Maryland and Pennsylvania felt the tread of 
Lee' s magnificent army. The whole North was aroused, and every regiment in the 
field was soon recruited. In June Mr. Dodge enlisted in Company M, Third Ohio 
Cavalry, and joined the regiment at Chattanooga, Tenn., September 18, the day 
before Bragg attacked Gen. Rosecrans at Chickamauga, Ga. He found himself 
in the midst of war with the spirit of a soldier; but without a soldier's drill or 
knowledge of military life. He participated in that battle, and later in the san- 
guinary affairs at Missionary Ridge, Rocky-faced Ridge, Snake Creek Gap and 
every other field where the flag of the Third Ohio Cavalry was seen, from Chat- 
tanooga to Atlanta — Big Shanty, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek and the 
battles around Atlanta being the principal engagements. When Atlanta was lost to 
the Confederate cause, the victorious brigade, to which the Third Ohio Cavalry was 
attached, returned to Nashville and took part in the last fight there, December 15- 
16, 1864, when the Federals, under Thomas, defeated the Confederates under Hood. 
The brigade was employed for a time in the pursuit of Hood's scattered and flying 
troops, riding as far as Selma, Ala., thence to Columbus, Ga., and on to Macon, 
where the regiments forming the brigade were disbanded in July, 1865, and the men 
sent forward to Nashville to receive honorable discharge. Mr. Dodge did not escape 
the hardships and dangers of those terrible days. At Chickamauga he received a 
sabre wound, and in the rear of Atlanta a second and more serious one; but his 
youth and sturdy constitution were equal to hardships and wounds. He enlisted as 
a private, and rose to be orderly sergeant toward the close of the war. At Farm- 
ington, Tenn., his horse was killed under him; but he jumped on a riderless Confed- 
erate horse and rejoined his conmiand in twenty minutes. Returning to Elkhart in 
September, 1865, he entered the high school for one term and received a teacher's 
certificate in November following. The two succeeding winters he had charge of a 
school in Penn township, St. Joseph county. Early in 1866 he began the study of 
medicine under Dr. R. J. Haggerty. For three years this study, attending lectures 
at the University of Michigan and teaching school occupied his time and attention, 
and on March 1, 1869, he graduated from the medical department of the university 
and at once entered on his professional career in Elkhart county. For sixteen years 
he was a well-known and successful physician, until rheumatism, contracted at 
Gravelly Springs, Ala., during the war, made the duties of a physician almost im- 
possible for him to obserre. In 1883-4 he devoted his leisure hours to law studies, 
and in 1884 was admitted to the bar of Elkhart county and subsequently to the bar 
of the State Supreme Court. In 1892 he became the candidate of his district for 
Congressional honors. His long residence among the people of the Thirteenth Con- 
gressional District of Indiana, his knowledge of them and his sympathy with them all 
pointed him out as one who, if elected, would have made an able representative. He 
was unsuccessful at the polls, but made one of the most vigorous canvasses ever 



54 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPlllCAI. 

oadacted in the district. Iq May, 1875, he married Miss Jeannette J. Peck, a na- 
ve of New York. Their son, Jamie S., was born July 2, 1876, and their daugh- 
ter, Bernice, June 1. 1884. The family worship in the English Protestant Episco- 
pal Church. Mr. Dodge organized Harrison Cathcart Post 96, G. A. E., and was 
elected lirst commander. Throughout northern Indiana he aided in the establish- 
ment of many posts of this excellent militaiy order. He is a sound stump speaker, 
and every two years makes the round of the Thirteenth District, meeting old friends 
and telling to them some wholesome political truths. With all his attention to 
Grand Army and political affairs, he loves his home and family circle. With the 
rich and poor he is the same genial gentleman, who knows humanity, honors its sue 
cesses and sympathizes with its failures. Liberality and benevolence are character- 
istic of the man. - He is practical in everything, as shown by his entering the high 
scliool after serving as a soldier and changing professions in 1884. He studies cause 
and effect closely, and his conclusions are reliable. 

Chakles H. Winchester, banker. This intelligent and experienced man of 
affairs of Elkhart, lad. , is a representative of that sturdy race, the Scotch, which has 
contributed so much to the thrift, the industry and prosperity of this country. He 
was born in Dutche.'s county, N. T., January 14, 1837, a son of David and 
Harriet (Andrus) Winchester, natives of New York State. The paternal grandfather, 
Amariah Winchester, was a soldier in the war of 1812 and by trade was a hatter, 
which calling he pursued with profit to himself and to the satisfaction of his patrons. 
The father of the subject of this sketch was a tanner and currier, and in the conduct 
of his affairs was no less successful than was his father, but he unfortunately experi- 
enced some heavy losses, and in order in a measure to retrieve them he emigrated to 
the (then) wilds of Michigan, and for twelve years thereafter conducted an hotel at 
Allen, Hillsdale countv. Succeeding this he ratumed to a farm on which the remain- 
der of his life was spent. Of six children born to himself and wife four are living 
at the present time: Andrew, who resides in Chicago; Charles H.; Amariah, who 
resides on the old homestead in Michigan, and a daughter, Maria, who resides in 
Pataha City, Wash. The patrimony which Charles H. Winchester inherited from 
his parents was not sufficient to enable him to begin the battle of life with flattering 
prospects of building up a large fortune, but he inherited a good constitution and 
sufficient energy, industry and push to enable him to successfully battle with the 
world, in which he was aided to some extent by having received a practical education 
in the common schools. He was seven years of age when his parents located in 
Michigan, and until he was eighteen years of age he assisted his father in and about 
the hotel, but at the end of that time he took charge of the farm which his father 
owned and conducted with success until he was twenty- two years of age, when he 
vacated in favor of his younger brother and entered a store which was owned by 
another brother with whom he remained as a clerk for about eighteen months. Owing 
to close confinement in this establishment, his health began failing him and he turned 
his attention to other pursuits for some time and eventually regained his forrner 
vigor. In December, 1861. he purchased the remnants of a grocery store, which 
consisted principally of old boxes, barrels and scales, for which he paid $112, going 
in debt for the same. He then made a trip to Toledo to purchase goods and also 
went in debt there to the amount of §163, the gentleman of whom he made his pur- 
chases being an old acquaintance and a personal friend. In connection with this 
estaljlishment he conducted a lunch room until the spring of 1862, and succeeded in 
making some money. He then went to New York City, where he made quite a heavy 
purchase of dry goods, including boots and shoes, and for some twenty-five years 
thereafter conduct'ed a general mercantile store, during which time he built up a 
record for fair business dealing, energy and perseverance which has not been sur- 
passed, and seldom equaled, by any business man of Elkhart county. In addition 
to this, in connection with his 'father-in- law, Goodwin Howard, he was engaged in 
the purchase and sale of stock, and for a number of years they were the most 



ilEMOIRS Ob' IXDIA^A. Sa 

extensive dealers in the county. In 1879 they puichased a stock of hardware, which 
was well supplied with a stock of agricultural implements, and he conducted this 
successfully in connection with his general store. In 1886 he disposed of both his 
stores and took up his residence in Elkhart, where he assumed the duties of president 
of the First National Bank, which position he has tilled with distinguished ability 
up to the present time. Since 1872 he has been a stockholder in Hillsdale First 
National Bank, and in 1883 was made president of the Qnincy First National Bank, 
which position he stiU retains. The bank with which he is connected is a firmly 
established institution, is conducted in the most creditable manner and is a great 
acquisition to the county. Mr. Winchester has never had any political aspirations, 
but has always attended strictly to his business, and as a result is one of the sub- 
stantial men of the county and is in independent circumstances. For fourteen 
years he was treasurer of the Hillsdale County Agricultural Society, known as the 
best county society in the State, is president of the Union Building & Loan 
Association and treasurer of the Elkhart & Western Railroad. He is a well-known 
member of the A. F. & A. M. In 1860 he was married to Miss Harriet W. 
Howard, of Allen, Mich., by whom he has one child: Nellie J., wife of W. H. 
Knickerbocker, who is cashier of the First National Bank of Elkhart. Personally 
Mr. Winchester is one of the most popular of men, but is of a modest and retiring 
disposition and does not seem to value himself at his true worth. 

Hon. Olives Perry Morton, deceased. No other man has ever been more 
renowned and honored in Indiana, none has ever attained so warmly the affection 
oC the people, and, of all those born within her borders, none have contributed so 
largely to the honor and dignity of the State as the subject of this sketch. Born 
August -1, 1823, in Wayne county, Ind. , he was the son of James T. and Sarah 
(Miller) Morton. His youth and early manhood gave no evidence of his future 
greatness, but on the contrary was of a similar character to that of thousands of 
other poor boys of that day. At Miami College, Oxford, Ohio, where he completed 
his schooling, he acquired the distinction of being the best debater in the college, 
and after a two years' course he began the study of law at Indianapolis and was 
admitted to the bar in 1847. Five years after that time he was appointed circuit 
judge by the governor, but he preferred the more active career of a practitioner to 
that of wearing the judicial robes. Until 1860 he was in active practice and during 
this time became celebrated as one of the ablest advocates ever produced by the State. 
Until 1854 he was a Democrat, but was radically opposed to the extension of slav- 
ery. He became a Republican upon the organization of that party and in 1856 was 
one of the three delegates sent from Indiana to the Pittsburg convention. This 
same year he was nominated by the Republicans, by acclamation, for the governor- 
ship, and although defeated at the polls, he was elected to preside in the hearts of 
his countrymen as the ideal statesman. He never appealed to men's passions, but 
always to their intellect and reason, and whether in attack or defense proved himself a 
ready and powerful debater. From this campaign of 1856, unsuccessful though it 
was, Mr. Morton's popularity in the State is dated and from this time forth he 
became the recognized leader of the Republican party in Indiana. In 1860 he was 
nominated for lieutenant-governor, with Hon. H. S. Lane for governor, with the 
distinct understanding that, if the party was successful, Mr. Lane should be sent 
to the United States Senate and Mr. Morton become governor. The election of the 
Republican ticket was followed by the prompt fulfillment of this understanding, and 
thus, at the early age of thirty-seven years, Mr. Morton became governor of Indi- 
ana. It is said that "great emergencies make great men," and as it so did in the 
case of Gen. Grant, it likewise did in Gov. Morton's case. Like a black thunder- 
cloud athwart the horizon, the secession movement loomed balefully over the polit- 
ical sky and threatened the disruption of the Union. Gov. Morton, upon taking his 
seat, found himself supported by a loyal majority, but, to the shame of Indiana, he 
was confronted by a secret, active, unscrupulous minority, whose sympathy was o^n 



56 PICTORIAL AJfD BIOGRAPHICAL 

only with the secessioa movement, but whose active aid and assistance were extended 
to the disloyalists. In the face of these obstacles he was the first governor to 
proffer President Lincoln troops, and through his personal pledge was enabled to 
raise funds for the prosecution of the war which a disloyal Legislature refused doing. 
As "war governer" Mr. Morton was perfection, and taking it all the way thremgh 
his two terms as governor were of such a brilliant character as to call forth the admira- 
tion of every reading man in the nation. The Legislature elected in 1866 made him 
one of Indiana's United States senators, and he was again chosen to this position 
upon the expiration of his first term. His readiness in debate, his keen, analytical 
mind and his wonderful ability made him one of the foremost men in the Senate 
chamber and enhanced his popularity as a national character. He was a prominent 
candidate for the presidential nomination before the Cincinnati convention that nom- 
inated President Hayes, and in 1870 he was offered the English mission by Presi- 
dent Grant but declined the position. No name shines with brighter luster in the 
history of our county than that of Gov. Morton. He died November 1, 1877. 

NoKMAB Sage is an experienced banker and capitalist of Elkhart, and is devot- 
ing his attention to a calling that is acknowledged to be the first and most important 
thing to give impetus to business. Banking is the lubricant of the engine of 
mercantile life, and when properly managed is also the governor and safety valve. 
A fine example of this is seen in the St. Joseph Valley State Bank, of which Mr. 
Sage is the president, a position he has held almost from the time of its organiza- 
tion, and has proved himself to be an energetic, active and reliable oflScer. Like 
his worthy brother, he was born in Chautauqua county, N. T., March 6, 1819, but 
his parents, Moses and Nancy (Goldsmith) Sage, were natives of Vermont, from 
which State the father enlisted in the war of 1812. In early life he followed the 
healthful, independent and happy life of a farmer, but afterward turned his atten- 
tion to merchandising, and in 1834 came to Cass county, Mich., thinking to 
better his financial condition, where he purchased a mill power, which he carried on 
in connection with merchandising, until his death in 1862. At the time of his 
removal to what was then the wilds of Michigan, Norman was about fourteen years 
of age, and up to that time had received such education as the schools of Fredonia, 
N. Y., afforded, but upon reaching Adamsville, Mich., the principal part of his time 
was devoted to assisting his father and, as above stated, when he had attained his 
majority, he became his business partner, and bent all his energies to the task of 
cancelling his father's obligations, and in due course of time their efforts were 
crowned with success. Although this school was a rather rough one, it was a most 
thorough one, and taught him to be self-reliant, and he learned lessons of industry, 
frugality and honesty, that were the stepping stones to his success in later years. 
The firm was at first known as Moses Sage & Sons, but after the father's demise it 
was changed to M. G. «& N. Sage, and remained such until about 1868. Mr. Sage 
and his brother conducted their affairs in a manner peculiarly their own, and dur- 
ing the forty-five years that they were business associates, they never kept an 
account against the other, but would take what they required out of their stock. 
They followed this plan to their mutual satisfaction until about six years ago, when 
they decided to conduct their affairs in a more methodical and business-like manner. 
Their business relations were most harmonious, and they were among the prominent 
men of affairs of Elkhart, and their whole lives from boyhood up, in every walk, 
whether social, political, or in business pursuits, were but exemplifications of the 
noble characteristics, honor, truth and civility. Norman Sage has ever been a warm 
espouser of any enterprise that has commended itself to his excellent judgment, 
and as a business man, his commercial instincts are keen and far-seeing. He 
possesses much tact, is an affable, thorough gentleman, and in him Elkhart possesses 
a public spirited, enterprising and law-abiding citizen. He has given his attention 
to banking since 1874, but aside from the duties of this position he has found time 
to devote to other pursuits also, and has been treasurer of the City Gas Company 



MEilOIRS OF INDIANA. 57 

for about eighteen years; was treasurer of the Elkhart Starch Works during its 
existence, and treasurer of the Straw Board Company during its existence. In his 
early life he was the owner of extensive lands in Michigan, and in that State is still 
the owner of a magnificent farm, but has placed its management in the hands of 
others. For a number of years ho was treasurer of the Ball & Sage Wagon Com- 
pany, is a stockholder in the Globe Tissue Paper Company, the City Gas Company 
and, in fact, has been prominently identified with the progress of the city in almost 
every way, and has been enthusiastic in aiding causes in any way tending to its advance- 
ment. In 1841 Mr. Sage was married to Miss Juno A. Adams, by whom he became the 
father of one son living, Charles S., and after her death he espoused Miss Eliza J. 
Adams, in 1859, to which union two children were given: Frank A., who is assistant 
cashier of the St. Joseph Valley Back, and Jennie G. Mr. Sage is a member of the 
order of Chosen Friends and the Royal Arcanum. He has a beautiful, comfortable 
and tasteful home, where it is his delight to welcome his numerous friends, and the 
generous and true-hearted, yet unostentatious hospitality displayed is thoroughly 
appreciated by all who gather beneath his roof. 

E. A. Campbell was born in New York City, October 20, 1838. His parents, 
Augustus and Mary (Conklin) Campbell, the former a native of New Jersey and 
the latter of New York City, claim an American ancestiy antedating the Revolution. 
The Campbells are descended from the Irish legionaries, the Scots, who drove out 
the Picts, or Cruithne, from Scotland and took possession of northern Britain in the 
sixth century. The Conklins are of Dutch descent, the first of the name in America 
settling on the Island of New Amsterdam. It is related that Cornelius Campbell, 
the great-uncle of Augustus, captured a horse from the British at Trenton, N. J. , which 
he at once presented to General Washington. Matthias Cambell, father of Augus- 
tus, a professor of music, died in New Jersey. His fatherin-law (Conklin) was a 
chair-maker in New York. Augustus Campbell moved to New York in his youth, 
and became a contractor and builder, carrying on work in that city and Brooklyn, 
until his death, September 15, 1887. He was twice married, first to a daughter of 
Preserved Fish, of New York, to whom one son was born, and secondly to Miss 
Conklin, the mother of the subject of this sketch. 

E. A. Campbell was educated in his native city. In 1855 he accompanied his 
uncle, Isaac Ammerman, to St. Joseph, Mich. Finding employment in a saw mill 
there, he worked for two years, when he received injuries which required treatment 
at the hands of the able surgeons in New York City. After his recovery he 
located in Rah way, N. J., and learned the carriage-trimmer's trade in the shop of 
his uncle, William Jewell. A term of two years there closed his career in the East; 
for he turned his steps toward the setting sun, and without money, worked his way 
on the Erie Canal to Buffalo. Thence he set out for Michigan, arrived at Kala- 
mazoo, worked at his trade until 1865, when he located at Elkhart, Ind. In 1869 he 
established his carriage shops, which are still carried on by him with his son, Edward 
F. Campbell, manager. In 1886 Mr. Campbell was elected city treasurer, an 
ofiice which he has held continuously down to the present time. He declined renomi- 
nation in the year 1892; but was a candidate for the county treasuryship. His 
record as city treasurer is not only without reproach, but it is also superior to 
that of any predecessor in the office. This fact is known and appreciated; so that the 
higher county position will be his if nominated by the convention for that office. 
He is prominent in Pythian circles and in the order of Chosen Friends, who elected 
hitn delegate to the Supreme Council, held at Washington, D. C, in September, 
1890. He aided in organizing the pioneer fire department of Elkhart, and was 
elected chief. In this connection he follows in his father's footsteps; for the name 
of Augustus Campbell is found on the rolls of the tire department of New York and 
Brooklyn — his badge. No. 371, being now in possession of Edward A. 

Mr. Campbell was married to Miss Mattie A. Fosdick, a native of Illinois, Febru- 
ary, 22, 1864. They are the parents of Gertrude M. , and Edward P. He is 



58 PICTORIAL AMD BIOGBAPHICAL 

credited with being one of the whole-souled men of Elkhart. His interest in the 
welfare of the city has always been recognized, while his business and social 
methods have placed him in that enviable position, where his word is as good as his 
bond. 

During the latter part of 1892 Mr. Campbell was nominated as a candidate for 
county treasurer on the Democratic ticket held in Goshen, Ind., and after mating a 
short speech the band struck up "The Campbells are coming." At the close of 
the campaign it was found that Mr. Campbell was elected by a majority of seventy- 
three, but was counted out on the theory that certain members of the several elec- 
tion boards had not signed the poll- books properly. Mr. Campbell at once appealed 
to the courts and after a hotly contested trial before special Judge Hubbard, of 
South Bend, it was decided that the votes should be counted as cast, which gave Mr. 
Campbell the office of treasurer of Elkhart County. The decision of the judge 
gave univeral satisfaction, both parties assenting. Mr. Campbell is now a resident 
of Goshen and will work hard for the interest of the taxpayers of his county, and 
says that if he can make as good a record as some of his predecessors he will have 
the assurance that the public will be satisfied with his administration. 

C. H. Chase, president of the Eeview Printing Company, of Elkhart; Ind., is a 
gentleman of marked business ability, and possesses the resourcefulness for which 
the native New Englander has become noted. Set him down where you will, and 
if he does not begin bettering his condition without any unnecessary delay, he wUl 
be doing violence to the history and traditions of his people, and will be no more 
worthy to be called a son of New England. Certain it is that those who had the 
good fortune to be born in New England, or to be descended from New England 
stock, have attained prominence in whatever section they have located, and certain it 
is also that, however humble their stations in life, they had a knowledge and com- 
prehension of the science of economics peculiar to themselves. They knew the value 
of money, and were masters of the art of multiplying their dollars. They knew 
how to be frugal without being miserly, and could be hospitable and generous with- 
out being wasteful or extravagant. They were models of industry and activity, and 
so uniformly successful in building up comfortable fortunes, as to make the value of 
these qualities to their possessor strikingly apparent to one who takes the trouble to 
familiarize himself with the history of the New England people. To this class of 
people belongs C. H. Chase, who was bora in Franconia, N. H., November 4, 
1833, his parents, Joseph C. and Lucretia (Demick) Chase, having also been born 
in the Granite State, and were descended from English stock. Their ancestors 
came to this country in the historic ship, the Mayflower, and some of the cooking 
utensils which were used by them on that vessel are still in possession of the fam- 
ily. The Chases trace their ancestry back eight generations, all of whom were hon- 
ored residents of New England. The maternal grandfather, Benjamin Demick, was 
a soldier in the war of 1812, stationed at Portsmouth, N. H., while the paternal grand- 
father, Paul Chase, was a prominent contractor and merchant but became financially 
involved during the crisis of 1836-7. Joseph C. Chase, his son and the father of the 
subject of this sketch, was also a merchant and at the time of his death was con- 
nected with the Boston Herald, having charge of the advertising department. He 
was at one time considerable of a politician and was in the custom house under James 
Buchanan, but was ousted from that office on account of his Douglas proclivities. 
He died in the city of Boston on the 4th of April, 1859, having been a man of con- 
siderable prominence and a stanch Democrat throughout life. He was the father 
of four sons and one daughter, of which family three members are now living: 
Charles H., George S. and William E. The eldest of these sons, Charles H., was 
a resident of his native place until about seven years of age, at which time he 
was taken to Derby Line, Vt. , by his parents, and his education was obtained in 
Stanstead Academy, an institution he attended until he was about fourteen years of 
age. He then entered the office of the Sherbrooke Gazette, of Sherbrooke, Canada, 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 59 

to leara the art of printing, where he continued for about eighteen months, when 
he removed with his parents to Cambridge, Mass., and finished his knowledge of 
printing in the book office of that place, which is now known as the Riverside Print- 
ing Establishment, and is noted as one of the leading publishing houses of the 
country. Following this he secured a position on the Boston Cultivator, where he 
remained until he became of age, at which time he gave up his position to follow 
the advice of Horace Greeley and " go west," and he eventually found himself in 
Winona, Minn. , where he assumed charge of the Winona Argtis, of which he had 
control one year. He returned to Manchester, N. H. , and in connection with Otis 
S. Eastman, purchased an agricultural paper known as the Farmer and Visitor, but 
only continued it a few months, as the investment, did not prove very remunerative. 
Mr. Chase then went west as far as Davenport, Iowa, where he worked for some 
time, thence to Keokuk, Iowa, and while in the latter place was united in marriage 
to Miss Cynthia Parmenter, a native of New Hampshire, who died December 10, 
1S63. He removed with his young wife to Cleveland, Ohio, and was there employed 
on the Cleveland Review, in the fall of 1858. In February of the following year, in 
connection with a Mr. Weller, he purchased the Elkhart (Indiana) Review. They 
continued the publication of this paper until the following November, when Mr. 
Chase purchased Mr. Weller's interest and continued alone until 1865, when his 
brother, George S., became connected with him. In May, 1871, A. P. Kent bought 
an interest in the paper and it has since been controlled by these two gentlemen. In 
January, 1890, a handsome new brick building was completed for their occupation, 
and they have now one of the best equipped offices in the State. 

August 15, 1872, the Daily Review was established, and has been continued 
with marked success ever since, its establishment being one of Mr. Kent's ideas. It 
is a very newsy, well-edited sheet, and some valuable information can always be 
gleaned from its columns. Mr. Chase is a gentleman of fine literary attainments, 
and has proven himself to be the right man in the right place. On the 14th of 
November, 1866, he tookforhis second wife Miss Alice M Defrees, who has borne 
him four children: Ernest C. ; Charles H., Jr.; Frederick E. and Carrie L. Mr. 
Chase was assistant assessor of internal revenue under President Lincoln, and 
from 1871 to 1873 he was a member of the school board of Elkhart. 

Straitobd Maxon, born in Wyoming county, N. T. , October 10,1830; is the 
son of John and Lydia (Sweet) Maxon, also natives of New York, whose ancestors 
caiue from Scotland in colonial days. When patriotism sounded the tocsin for 
revolution, members of this family rushed to the front. The grand father McCabe, 
WHS one of the first to respond to the call of the republic, and, thirty-six years 
later, when the same beaten enemy returned to conquer the land and crush out 
liberty, John Maxon, named above, was one of the first to join the defenders of the 
Union. The Maxons were farmers in New York State for generations. The parents 
of Strafford, who moved to Indiana years ago, were the pioneers, it is said, of the 
name in the West. That patriarchal Quaker preached at intervals in Indiana and 
Michigan, and while in the last named State visiting his daughter, died at a ripe old 
age. John and Lydia Maxon were the parents of nine children. Of that large 
family, four are living, namely: Mrs. Pollv Tallman, Friend, Elizabeth and 
Strjifford. 

Strafford Maxon accompanied his parents, brother and sisters, to Elkhart 
county in 1838. The homestead near Elkhart City was his home from that period 
up to 1850, when he made the five months' overland trip to California, in the trail of 
the Argonauts of 1849, and passed three years in the mining camp of Hangtown: 
discovered a gold deposit which proved very valuable, and in 1854, pleased to escape 
the liardships of life among the mines, returned to Elkhart. For the eighteen suc- 
ceeding years he carried on an extensive mercantile house at Elkhart, and then 
established a lumber yard, planing mill, sash, door and blind factory, with which he 
was connected until 1890, and of which he was the owner until 1884. In 1890 be 



60 PICTORIAL A^D BIOGRAPHICAL 

was elected mayor of Elkhart, and would have been re-elected in 1892 had he not 
declined the nominatioa. For years he was a member of the school board, and by 
earnest, well-directed effort, carried many measures most beneficial to the city 
schools. He also served as city treasurer. 

He is an old Master Mason and a member of the Knights Templar Commandery, 
always taking a deep interest in the work of the lodges, council, chapter and com- 
mandery. 

Mr. Maxon'a marriage with Miss Mary A. StiUman took place in 1854. Of their 
five children, three: Ada. Hugh and Emma, are living. The mother died in 1890, 
in the beautiful home at Elkhart. She was a member of the Congregational Church 
there since its establishment, while Mr. Maxon, also a member, held the office of 
trustee for ten years. Since 1854, when Mr. Maxon returned from California, he 
lost no opportunity of aiding in the advancement of the city he was henceforth to 
make his home. Every progressive measure was supported by him and he was 
rewarded by witnessing Elkhart's advance from a straggling hamlet, near the 
junction of the St. Joseph and Elkhart Rivers, to a prosperous city of great manu- 
facturing industries, large commercial houses, churches, schools, newspaper oflSces, 
and well-ordered society. 

Hon. Orris Z. Hubbell. This well-known resident of Elkhart county, Ind., is 
of a decidedly literary turn of mind, and as an orator is a forcible and convincing 
speaker. His fertile imagination and happy manner of expressing himself has 
placed him second to no other orator in his section of the country, and his logic is 
sound and comprehensive. He is a strong personality which at once commands the 
attention of his hearers, while his wit, mental capacity and penetration are well 
known among his fellows. He is also a writer of ability and his articles abound in 
the same fine qualities which make him the orator that he is, while as a conversa- 
tionalist he is entertaining and vivacious. 

His educational advantages were better than most boys receive and as his tend- 
ency was studious and industrious, he stored his mind with information that would 
be of practical use to him in later years, and was considered precocious by his rela- 
tives and friends. Soon after his birth in Huntington county, Ind., he was taken 
without his consetft to Butler, De Kalb county, where his youth was passed. He has 
always been proud of his nativity and has more than once been heard to boast of 
being a "Hoosier." In 1873 he walked forth from the high school of Butler as a 
graduate of that institution, and as he had previously formed the determination of 
attending college he at once set about finding employment in order to obtain means 
with which to defray the expenses of a collegiate education. He succeeded in ac- 
complishing his object, but what it cost him of self-denial and mental anxiety will 
never be known to any but himself. His surroundings were peculiar and rather un- 
usual, but he fought his battle bravely and at the end of the, to him, ever memor- 
able four years, he graduated with honor from the University of Indiana, receiving 
the degree of baccalaureus artium. The world was then before him to choose from, 
but first the heavy debt that he had contracted had to be cancelled and he set about 
to accomplish this. 

His literary ability had already begun to attract attention and upon his return 
to Butler he was tendered the position of editor of the Butler Record, in which 
capacity he served with marked success for several years. He subsequently occu- 
pied the same position on the De Kalb County Republican and at a still later period 
he became principal of the Monroeville schools and still later superintendent of the 
Butler schools and finally principal of the Bristol schools. In all of these positions 
he distinguished himself as an educator and disciplinarian and as a newspaper man 
he was alive to the current issues of the day and handled his subjects with an ease, 
grace and finish that could not fail to attract attention. 

In 1882 he came to Elkhart, but between the time of his graduation and the 
time of his arrival in this section, he had found time to study law, for which pro- 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 61 

fession be seemed to have a natural aptitude and a decided inclination. He was by- 
nature fitted for this most difficult of all the learned professions, and was regularly 
graduated from the law department of Notre Dame University. Although still a 
young man he occupies a leading position at the Indiana bar, and as might have 
been expected, his talents have led him into the arena of politics. In 1888 he was 
nominated for the State Senate and was elected by a majority of 780 votes, leadiuo- 
his ticket by 300 votes. He made a wise and energetic committee-man and in the 
work of the chamber was so prominent that he received warm praise from political 
friend and foe alike. 

He has found time to cultivate the social graces, is a Knight Templar, a 
Thirty-second degree Mason, a Knight of Pythias and a prominent Odd Fellow, 
and in the latter lodge and elsewhere has acquired fame as a lecturer. He is the 
attorney for the People's Mutual Benefit Society and for the Fidelity Building & 
Savings Union of Indianapolis. He has a beautiful residence on Beardsley avenue, 
and there, surrounded by his family, his greatest enjoyment is to be had. He has a 
well-chosen library and his home surroundings indicate intelligent and refined taste. 
In early manhood he was united in marriage with Miss Cora E. Congdon, of Bristol, a 
beautiful girl, who has made him a devoted wife. Together they went abroad in 
1887, visited the British Isles and explored the romantic ruins and antiquities of 
continental Europe, and upon his return Mr. Hubbell published a small book de- 
scribing his erperiences and impressions of life in foreign countries, which is inter- 
esting and instructive. 

Mr. Hubbell's father was a native of Cleveland, Ohio, and was a civil engineer 
by profession. His mother was formerly Miss Sarah A. Zeigler, a native of Tus- 
carawas, Ohio. To them were born four children: Orrin Z.; Clara, wife of P. V. 
Hoffman; Liiizie, wife of William J. Eichey, and Ida L. The father was the civil 
engineer for the Detroit, Eel River & Illinois Railway, now the Wabash Railway, 
and also for the Adrian, State Line Railroad, which was not completed. Both 
parents were far above the average in mental and moral attributes and their chil- 
dren inherited many of their best qualities. The paternal grandfather, Jason Hub- 
bell, was a Vermonter. He followed farming, milling and merchandising, and 
while in Cleveland owned a tract of 80 acres there which is now worth millions of 
dollars. Parents, except the mother, and grandparents, after useful lives, passed 
away. Mr. Hubbell's ancestors were Revolutionary patriots and also soldiers in the 
war of 1812. His father raised a regiment for the Union army during the civil war; 
but could not himself enter the service owing to physical infirmities, though his two 
brothers, Orson J. and Harris B. went out to fight their country's battles. Our 
subject, on the maternal side, had two uncles, James and Benjamin in the same war. 
The former bravely fell with his face to the foe at the bloody battle of Sbiloh. Of 
all the members of this family, among soldiers and civilians, toilers at the plow or 
at the bar, none is better fitted for distinguished public service than Orrin Z. Hub- 
bell, whose life has been one of strict integrity throughout. 

John Cook, director of the First National Bank of Elkhart, Ind., is a quiet, 
unpretentious man, whose youth was spent in the country, his time being occupied 
by the healthful and useful pursuit of agriculture. He was bom in the old historic 
city of Chillicothe, Ohio, December 3, 1826, being a son of James and Amy 
(Winder) Cook, who were born in Maryland and Philadelphia, Penn., respectively. 
The paternal grandfather. Henry Cook, removed from his native State of Maryland 
to Ohio in 1800, at which time the country was almost wholly unsettled, and the 
woods were inhabited by prowling bears and other wild animals, while numerous 
large tribes of Indians obtained an easy living with rod and gun, unmolested by the 
sound of the hunter's axe. He tilled the soil in the vicinity of Chillicothe, and there 
his son .James was brought up and obtained a thorough knowledge of agriculture. 
In 1830 he pushed farther westward and purchased a tract of land in the vicinitv 
of Goshen, Ind., but later he removed to the town and carried on mercantile pnr- 



62 PICTORIAL AJfD BIOGRAPHICAL 

suits for a nninber of years, retiring from the active duties of life a number of years 
before his death, which occurred in 1854, his wife's death having occurred in 1840. 
Three of their children grew to maturity, but only two are living at the present 
time, John and Henry. Owing to the primitive condition of the schools of his day, 
John Cook did not obtain a very thorough education, but he possessed a naturally 
tine mind, and this he strengthened and enriched by contact with the business 
affairs of life, and by keeping thoroughly posted on the current topics of the day. 
As he was but a youth when he came to Goshen he was brought up in th^ mercan- 
tile business by his father, and he and his brother carried on the business together 
in that town for five years. In 1854 Mr. Cook established the Salem Bank of 
Goshen in connection with Thomas G. Harrison, which is now a State bank, man- 
acred by John W. Irwin. Mr. Cook conducted this bank in a praiseworthy man- 
ner until 1865, when he went to New York City, and for one year was engaged in 
the flour commission business. In the spring of 1867 he came to Elkhart, Ind., 
and purchased stock in the First National Bank, of which he became cashier, a 
position he retained until he voluntarily resigned and retired from all active bus- 
iness life, yet acting as vice-president, a position he has had for the last ten years, 
since which time he has lived in retirement, enjoying the fruits of his well spent 
life, and the competency which his foresight and keen business discernment has won 
him. He still retains stock in the bank and a directorship, but has turned over its 
management into the hands of others. He has been a member of the city council 
two or three terms, and throughout the greater portion of his active life has been 
interested in farming, for he is the owner of 1,500 acres of land well adapted for 
the purposes of general farming. Although he has owned land from early man- 
hood, he has never plowed a fuirow in his life, this branch of his business affairs 
being altogether in the hands of others. He wooed and won for his wife Miss 
Martha Winber, their union taking place in 1848, she being a daughter of James 
A. Winber. In 18S9 Mr. Cook took for his second wife Miss Cora M. Keck, an 
accomplished lady and a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, by whom he 
has one child, Charlotte Mae. Mr. Cook is a highly educated man, having had every 
advantage. He is a great reader, an interesting talker, having traveled extensively 
both in this country and the old world, and is popular with all who know him. 

David A. Ireland. The American people not only travel more extensively than 
any other nation, but they patronize to a greater extent the numerous establishments 
for the hire of horses and carriages. There are few enterprises which contribute a 
larger quota to the convenience of the residential and transient public than the 
wefl appointed livery stable, and one of the mo.st prominent in the city of South 
Bend is that conducted by the firm of Ireland & Son. This firm carries a large assort- 
ment of carriages, buggies, phaetons, etc., in the newest and most fashionable 
styles, and these are constantly on hand for the use of the general public. These 
ge'ntlemen have become widely known and respected and thoroughly understand 
every phase of the business. David A. Ireland was born in New Paris, Preble Co.. 
Ohi(>, October 15, 1827, and is a son of John F. and Jane L. (Ferguson) Ireland, 
both of Scotch descent. The father was bom in Bourbon county, Ky., in 
1801, and when fifteen years of age entered the State of Ohio and settled in Preble 
county, where he was one of the early pioneers. He followed the occupation of a 
farmer, was fairly successful in this, and was a man universally respected. He 
held the office of justice of the peace and was also county commissioner of Preble 
county for some time. For many years a Whig, he at last became a stanch sup- 
porter of Republican principles and continued in sympathy with the same until his 
death, which occurred on the farm where La had first settled. The mother was a 
native of the Blue Grass State and died in Preble county. Ohio, about 1842 The 
subject of this sketch is the eldest of eight children, three of whom are living. 
The country schools afforded him a fair education, and when the time came for bim 
to decide on some calling in life, it was but natural perhaps that he should choose 



MEilOIRS OF INDIANA. 63 

the oae to which he h^d been reared, farming. He continued to till the soil in 
Preble couoty until 1873, when he came to South Bend, and since then he has been 
actively engaged in the livery business. The firm of Ireland & Son is well known 
and its members are affable and courteous caterers to the pleasure-loving and busi- 
ness sections of society, and are undeviatingly upright in all their dealings. They 
have one of the best equipped and best appointed livery barns in the city, and are 
thoroughgoing, enterprising business men. Mr. Ireland espoused the cause of the 
Northern States and in 1862 enlisted in Company C, Fiftieth Ohio Voluntary In- 
fantry, entering the ranks as first lieutenant. Ten months later he was promoted 
to captain at Muldrose Hill, Ky., served two years, and was in many of the promi- 
nent engagements. He participated in the battles of Perryville, Kenesaw Mountain, 
and many minor engagements. His discharge was received at Atlanta, on the tield, 
in 1864, and hB then returned to Preble county, Ohio, where he remained until 
1873. He was married in 1846 to Miss Mary A. Gail, who died in Henry county, 
111., in July, 1867, where he had moved for her health by the advice of physicians. 
After living there one year he had to move back as the climate was unfavorable to 
his children's health. Five children were the fruits of this union: Warren C. , John 
F., David M., Edgar A. and Mary E. Warren C. was born in Randolph county, 
Ind., in July, 1847, and is now in business with his father. Mr. Ireland was mar- 
ried again in December, 1858, and selected his wife in the person of Miss Rebecca 
A. Gail, a sister of his first wife, and a native of Preble county, Ohio. The Gail 
family came originally from Virginia and were early settlers of Preble county, Ohio. 
His second wife was Nancy McCawslin, of Gain Ridge, Ky. To the second mar- 
riage one child was born, T. O. D. Ireland. In politics Mr. Ireland is a Repub- 
lican and a member of the G. A. R. He has been a member of the Christian Church 
for many years and is one of the excellent men of the city. Warren G. is a member 
of the South Bend Gommandery, No. 13, K. T., and was made an Odd Fellow in 
August, 1868, South Bend Lodge, No. 29. While subject resided in Ohio he was 
occupied in various enterprises. He was engaged in dealing in stock during the 
summer and in winter he condncte<l a slaughterhouse and packing establishment. 
He killed mostly hogs. The capacity was 400 hogs per day. He shipped his pork 
to Cincinnati and was thus engaged about six years. He then purchased a tan yard 
and engaged in the boot and shoe business. He conducted the store about three 
years and manufactured excellent goods. He had ten men in his employ most of 
the time. He then engaged in the lime and stone trade and took contracts for 
building cellar walls in various places, and furnished all material. He had two per- 
petual lime kiln burners and usually tired them about the 15th of March and kept 
them burning continually until the 15th of November and burned one carload each 
day. 

Conrad Liphaet was born in Hessen. Germany, December 23, 1833, a son of 
George and Elizabeth (Bessy) Liphart, who were also natives of the Fatherland. 
The farm on which the Lipharts reside in Germany has been in possession of the 
family for 300 years and was originally purchased from the king of Hessen, who re- 
served the privilege of purchasing it, if he so desired, whenever it should be sold. 
George Liphart was an extensive tiller of the soil and was also engaged in burning 
tile. He was born and reared on the farm that had furnished his people with a sub- 
s'stence for so many years, was married and resided there until his death, which oc 
curred in 1848. To himself and wife three sons and four daughters were born: 
Elizabeth, who died in Germany; Maria, Elizabeth. Henry, Kate, Conrad and 
George, all of whom are dead with the exception of Conrad and George, who are 
ifsidents of St. Joseph county, Ind., the hitter's home being in the rural districts. 
Although he was reared to a farm life, Conrad learned the cabinet maker's trade 
when he was a young man, serving an apprenticeship of two years and a half, at 
the expiration of which time he decided to come to America and the early part of 
1N51 found him in Sandusky, Ohio, where he remained four years working at his 



64 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

trade. Following this he came to South Bead in 1855, where he has continued to re- 
side up to the present. He worked faithfully and perseveringly at his trade until ' 
New Year's day, 1860, when he opened an establishment of his own with a borrowed 
capital of S50, for the people with whom he had been working failed in business, 
and he thus lost the wages he had earned. These were the conditions which prompted 
him to commence business for himself and never did he regret so doing. For the 
first three months the outlook for the new establishment was by no means flattering, 
as the actual cash sales amounted to only $15.30, but Mr. Liphart knew no such 
word as fail, and his energy and indomitable will carried him over this trying time 
and he soon found himself on a smooth sea and floating with a prosperous tide. 
Three years later his business had assumed larger proportions and he purchased 
the furniture store of Henry Miller, which he enlarged from time to time Ss his 
business demanded, and in 1865 rented a factory for the manufacture of furniture, 
wholesale and also ordered jobs which he carried on in connection with his 
wholesale and retail sale of furniture and undertaking goods. This business be 
conducted successfully for many years, or until he retired from active business pur- 
suits in 1890, as above mentioned. He has a handsome, commodious and comfort- 
able brick residen-e, in which he is passing his days after a useful and well-spent 
business career. As he started out to win fame and fortune for himself in 1860 
with a borrowed capital, his achievements during the thirty years of his business 
career are something wonderful and should serve as an incentive to all young men 
to ever push onward and upward. Although he labored under the disadvantage of 
being a foreigner and imperfectly speaking the English language, it was soon dis- 
covered that he was honest and upright in all his business transactions and was de- 
sirous of pleasing his patrons, and as a natural result, he was soon doing a profit- 
able business. He was married in South Bend, March 27, 1856, to Margaret Smith, 
daughter of George and Catherine (Keefer) Smith, who were native Germans, but 
came to America about the year 1822, settling first in Ohio where they resided until 
about 1840, at which time they took up their residence in St. Joseph county, Ind., 
where they eventually passed from life. To Mr. and Mrs. Liphart nine children 
have been born: Frances L. (deceased), Clara M., Charles H., Edward (deceased), 
Alice, Anna, Eva (deceased), Cora (deceased), and Nettie. During Mr. Liphart's 
residence in South Bend he has never aspired to or held office of any kind but has 
been a very clever student of his business interests, which, without doubt, ac- 
counts for the eminent success of his enterprise. The church affiliations of himself 
and wife have always been with the German Methodist Church, which church he 
was instrumental in organizing in 1877, and is its oldest member. He assisted in 
the organization of the Evangelical Church in 1855, but in 1877 seven families left 
that church in order to restore peace, complications of a serious nature having 
arisen, and they attached themselves to the Methodist Church. Mr. Liphart has 
been Superintendent of the Sunday-school and class leader, also trustee of his 
church. He has been an earnest worker for the Christian cause, and since pro- 
fessing religion, has kept the faith. 

Charles H. Liphart is a wide-awake citizen of South Bend, Ind., and as he has 
resided here ever since his birth, which occurred on the 2(5th of January, 1862, the people 
have everv opportunity to judge of his character and qualifications as a man of affairs, 
and naught has ever been said derogatory to his honor. In the public schools of 
his native city and in the Berea College he acquired a thorough education, and upon 
obtaining suitable years he entered the furniture and undertaking establishment of 
his father, and was given an interest in the business which, by judicious manage- 
ment, assumed considerable proportions. In March, 1890, the head of the firm 
disposed of his interest and retired from the business and shortly after Charles H. em- 
barked in the undertaking business on his own responsibility, a business for which 
he is peculiarly adapted, for he is reliable, sympathetic and experienced. The voca- 
tion of an uoderlaker is essentially a very delicate one, and it involves for its sue- 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAKA. 66 

cessfu! prosecution peculiarly important qualifications which but comparatively few 
individuals possess and it is only by experience as well as natural aptitude that a 
man is able to discharge his duty in that relation to the entire and unqualified 
satisfaction of those most directly interested. This Mr. Liphart has succeeded in 
doing, and he is already reaping a rich reward in compensation for his careful at- 
tention to his duties. In June, 1891, he associated with himself George Beyler and 
the business is now carried on under the firm name of Liphart & Beyler. Mr. Lip- 
hart was married on the 25th of December, 1888, to Emma Flinn, who was bom on 
the 25th of August, 1867 to John E. and Charlotte (Jones) Flinn. Mr. Liphart is 
a member of the A. F. & A. M. , in which he is a Knight Templar, and politically 
he is a Republican. 

L. H. Johnson is a member of the well-known firm of Johnson & May, marble 
and stone dealers, South Bend, Ind., and since the establishment of the business in 
1887 by Mr. Johnson it hus made rapid and substantia] progress, and as business 
men the members of this firm are popular and respected. Mr Johnson is a native of 
the Empire State, his natal year being 1852, being a son of H. and Cynthia (Pad- 
dock) Johnson, the former's death occurring in New York State in 1884. In the 
year 18S7 L. H. Johnson came to South Bend, Ind., which place has since been his 
home and where he has built up a good business and made many warm friends. He 
has proved himself to be a practical and progressive man of affairs, and although 
he is shrewd and keen in his bargains, he has never been known to take advantage 
of any one and what he has he has the satisfaction of knowing has been honestly 
earned. He looks after the interests of his customers with zealous care, and 
guarantees all orders to be tilled promptly and satisfactorily. He is of a social dis- 
position and is a Knight Templar in that worthy order, the A. F. & A. M. He 
has always supported the measures of the Republican party, for he believes them to 
be right, and from his business interests has found time to be an active participant 
in all worthy projects. Miss Genevieve Pettinger, of Shilob, Ohio, became his wife 
in 1877, and to their union one child has been given — Dean Milton who was born in 
1879. Mrs. Johnson is a daughter of M. R. and Susanna Pettenger, and is an 
intelligent and amiable lady and like her husband has many warm personal friends. 

V. N. Mat. Prominent among the many reliable business houses of South 
Bend, Ind., the establishment in which Mr. May is a partner is one of the foremost, 
and that it is appreciated as such can be readily seen by the large patronage they 
command. This house deserves honorable mention in this volume, not onlv on ac- 
count of the high character of his management but also on account of the 
superiority of its stock. Mr. May is a native of Jefferson county, Wis., where he 
first saw the light of day in 1856. His early days were unmarked by any unusual 
occurrence, suffice it is say that he received a fair education in the common schools 
and that he early learned to know what hard work meant. Since 1887 Mr. May has 
been one of the substantial citizens of South Bend, Ind., and almost immediately 
after locating here he formed a partnership with Mr. Johnson in the marble and 
stone business, and in the conduct of this business has been remarkably successful. 
He was married in 1880 to Miss Catherine Heimann, of Ontario, Canada, who died 
in 1883 after having become the mother of one child, whom they named Albert. In 
1885 Mr. May took for his second wife Miss Minnie Meyers, of Norwalk, Ohio, 
daughter of Dominick Meyers, and this union has resulted in the birth of four chil- 
dren: Leo. Carl. Frank and Marie. All the members of this family are worthy 
members of the Catholic Church and politically Mr. May has always been a Demo- 
crat. aU'Jiough he has never been a political aspirant. 

George H. Stoveb. trea.surer of St. Joseph county, lud. The important posi- 
tion of county treasurer is tilled in a most admirable manner by George H. Stover, 
who has mnde a beau idnal. public officer, for he is not only faithful, efficient and 
energetic, but he is accommodating and courteous to all with whom he comes in con- 
tact. Tbu energy and perseverance of his character have nowhere a better field for 



66 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

manifestation than official work, and his impress on this sphere of public duty will 
long be felt. He is a product of Botetourt county, Va., where he was born July 
31, 1839, of which State his parents, Jacob and Sarah (Noffsinger) Stover, were 
also residents. The Stovers are of German lineage and upon coming to this coun- 
try first settled in Pensylvania, but later took up their residence in Virginia. Some 
of the early members of the family were participants in the war for independence. 
The paternal grandfather of George H. Stover was a physician and died in Vir- 
ginia. Jacob Stover was a farmer by calling, and in the fall of 1850 started overland 
westward, his intention being to locate in St. Joseph county, and after the " prom- 
ised land" was reached he purchased a farm of 240 acres in Clay township, on 
which some small improvements had been made in the way of clearing and the 
erection of a log cabin. He is still the owner of this farm although he makes his 
home in South Bend with his son, George H. He was trustee of his township 
several terms. Of eight children born to himself and wife only three are living at 
the present time: George H., William C. and Frank P. The two last mentioned 
are in Ft. Collins, Colo. George H. Stover was in his twelfth year when he came 
to this cotmty, and although he had previously attended school, the greater part of 
his education was acquired in this county in the schools of South Bend and Misha- 
waka. Two years were also spent in Franklin College, Indiana, in which institu- 
tion he made a good record for himself. In 1859 he crossed the plains with a party 
of gold seekers, the journey thither occupying almost six months. They stopped 
at Chico, Cal., and there Mr. Stover secured a school and taught two winter terms. 
During his vacations he kept books for a large lumber firm. In 1861 he returned 
home via the Isthmus of Panama and in due course of time landed in the city of 
New York. He at once proceeded to South Bend, in the vicinity of which he 
engaged in farming and followed this occupation with success until 1886, when he 
accepted the position of deputy county treasurer. In 1888 he was elected to the 
office of treasurer, and was honored with a re-election in 1890. While living in 
Clay township on his farm he held every office that could be given him, in fact, has 
held some office or other the greater portion of his life. As an official he has given 
good satisfaction and has become very popular with the masses in general, and his 
party in particular. He has always labored in the interests of democracy, but is by 
no means radical, on the contrary is quite conservative. His first majority when 
elected to office was 195 and his second 1,005, which was given him gratuitously and 
without a particle of canvassing on his part, for he never left his office for this pur- 
pose. It was wholly and purely owing to his efficiency and popularity as a man and 
in this respect Mr. Stover has every reason to be gratitied and pleased. In 1865 he also 
went to Virginia City, Ida., via Salt Lake City, in company with his brother, W. C, 
on a freighting expedition with ox teams, hauling groceries and provisions, disposing 
of the same in the fall of the same year, and returning to hishome in St. Joseph county. 
At the general election of 1892 he v7as elected a member of the Lower House of Eep- 
resentatives of the General Assembly of the State of Indiana, fifty-eighth session, 
and is now occupying a seat in that body, which is in session at the present time. 
He still owns his fine farm in Clay township, but since entering upon his official 
duties has rented it. In 1861 Miss Sophia A. Meyer became his wife and to them 
a son and daughter have been given: William C, deputy treasurer to his father, 
and Ella V. Mr. Stover is a member of St. Joseph Lodge, No. 45, of the A. P. & 
A. M. 

Elmer Crockett is the very efficient official whom Uncle Sam has placed in 
charge of his interests at South Bend, Ind., and to say that he has performed his 
duties in a capable, faithful and honorable manner would be but bestowing credit 
where credit is due. In Penn township of the county in which he now resides he 
first saw the light September 1, 1844, his parents being Shellim and Louisa (Ire- 
land) Crockett, the former of whom was born in Kentucky and the latter in Ohio. 
This family is distantly related to the well-known Davy Crockett, and was among 



MEMOIRS OP INDIA2fA. 67 

the first families to settle on blue grass soil. The father emigrated from Lexing- 
ton, Ky. , to Ohio in his boyhood, and stopped for a short time near New Paris, 
where he waseventually married, and in 1831 came to St. Joseph county Ind., by wagon 
and on horseback. He entered a tract of land which was in its wild state, in Penn 
township, on which he erected a primitive log cabin, and there his early married 
life was spent. Wild game was very plentiful at that time, and the red man's 
face was a familiar object. Mr. Crockett often ran races with them in the trading 
point at what is now South Bend. He greatly improved his farm and made it his 
home until the death of his wife in 1848, when he removed to South Bend, where 
his home has since been. He was in business in this city for a number of years, 
has identified himself with its every interest, and is considered one of its most 
substantial and worthy residents. He has now reached the age of four-score 
years, and although the snows of many winters have whitened his hair, his mind 
shows bat little the ravages of time. He crossed the plains twice to California, 
where he was engaged in mining for some time. He is now the only .surviving 
member of a family of thirteen children born to his parents. He became the father 
of seven children, three of whom are living: Garrett, a resident of Oregon; Elmer, 
and Mrs. N. D. Walter of this city. In the schools of South Bend and Mishawaka 
the subject of this sketch received his early education, which he finished in the 
Northern Indiana College. He was a strong supporter of the Union cause during 
the war, and in 1864 his name could be found on the rolls of the One Hundred and 
Thirty-eighth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, with which he served until the cessation 
of hostilities, holding the rank of corporal. He was mustered out of the service at 
Indianapolis and returned to his home at Mishawaka, where he began learning the 
trade of a printer in the office of the Mishawaka Enterprise. After serving his al- 
lotted time he came to South Bend and for two years was foreman of the Register of- 
fice, and for two years was one of its proprietors under the firm name of Beal, Miller 
& Co. In March, 1872, he and Mr. A. B. Miller retired from the Register and formed 
the Tribune Printing Company, and since that date Mr. Crockett has been vice- 
president of the establishment and one of its stockholders. Hia attention was de- 
voted to the successful conduct of this business until he received his appointment 
of postmaster in 1890. He is identified with several building and loan associa- 
tions, has been vice-president of the South Bend Building and Loan Association 
since its organization, and in numerous other ways has manifested much interest in 
the progress and development of the town. He is past commander of Auten Post 
No. 8 of the G. A. R., is a member of the A. F. & A. M., in which he has been 
grand high priest of the Eoyal Arch Masons of the State of Indiana during the 
years of 1889-90. In December, 1868, he was married to Miss Anna M. Miller, a 
daughter of the late es-Sheriff B. F. Miller, and of the five children born to them 
three are now living: Charles E., Ethel M. and Donald B. He and his wife are 
members of the Presbyterian Church, and he is superintendent of the Sabbath- 
school. He has numerous friends. 

Sajtctel W. Studebakeb. a livery stable is a most essential institution, both for 
pleasure and convenience. To be able to command at any moment a horse and rig 
for a drive in the country or for business or other purposes, is a privilege the value 
of which can not be too highly estimated. Foremost among the liveries of South 
Bend, or those of the State, is the well known resort of Samuel W. Studebaker. This 
stable, from the large business it does, not only exemplifies the importance of 
the town, but reflects credit upon its management. Mr. Studebaker was bom in 
South Bend, Ind., April 2, 1854. and is a son of Henry Studebaker, one of the 
founders of the Studebaker wagon works, and Susan (Studebaker) Studebaker. The 
original of this notice grew to manhood on the farm, and was his father's active as- 
sistant from the time he was old enough to make himself useful until his father en- 
gaged in other enterprises. He was educated in the common schools, and subse- 
quently entered Notre Dame University, where he remained about one year. In the 



68 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

spring of 1878 he began farming on his own account, on his uncle P. E. Studebak- 
er's farm of 6-10 acres, now this city, and here he remained for twelve years. 
He was engaged in stock-raising and trading also. In 1890 he engaged in the 
livery business in South Bend, and has carried on this business ever since. He 
has one of the largest and best equipped livery barns — 66x150 feet — in the 
State, and thoroughly understands everything connected with his business. Al- 
though he has been in this business only about two years, he has met with flatter- 
ing success, and is thoroughgoing and enterprising. He has about |7,000 in- 
vested. The city has its full quota of vigorous, enterprising, thoroughgoing 
business men, whose popularity is based upon both their social qualities and 
their well known integrity and business activity, but none among them is more 
popular or better liked by those who have dealings with him than Mr. Studebaker. 
In his political views he affiliates with the Republican party, and socially he is a 
member of the order of Maccabees. On March 20, 1878, Mr. Studebaker was 
married to Miss Mary E. Martin, of St. Joseph county, and they have one son, 
Warren H. 

John Elder, one of the pioneer settlers of the city of South Bend, Ind. , was born in 
Linlithgowshire, Scotland, on the 11th of November, 1808, to Eobert and Jeanette 
(Ormistun) Elder, who were also bom on Scottish soil. Robert Elder was bom Jan uary 
1, 1782, was a farmer by occupation, and had the distinction of living to the 
advanced age of ninety years, his death occurring on the 15th of April, 1871. His 
wife died July 23, 1860, having borne her husband the following children: James, 
John, Robert, Thomas, William, Alexander, David, Jeanette, Christian, Margaret 
and Marion. In the land of his birth John Elder learned the trade of a tailor, at 
which calling he worked until the loth of April, 1833, when he started for America, 
taking passage on the vessel "Albion," bound from Glasgow to Montreal, at which 
port he arrived after a lapse of six weeks. He went at once to Little York, and was 
a resident of that place until it was incorporated as a city and its name changed to 
Toronto, in the winter of 1833-4. He remained there, working industriously at his 
trade until the 18th of August, 1834, when he became a resident of Buffalo, N. T., 
whither he came via Niagara Falls. He then went by water to Cleveland, at which 
point he took the stage to Pittsburg, where he remained about six months. He then 
went to Cincinnati, and two months later to Louisville. During his travels he was 
looking for a brother who had preceeded him to America. Leaving Louisville, he 
went down the Ohio River and up the Wabash to Lafayette, Ind., and from there 
by stage to Logansport. There being no stage line from there to South Bend, Mr. 
Elder set out on foot, a distance of sixty-six miles. He passed through what has 
sines become Plymouth, but which then consisted of one house, which was used as a 
tavern, and as a man there had broken his plow and was compelled to come to 
South Bend to the nearest blacksmith to get the repairing done, Mr. Elder rode the 
rest of the distance — twenty-three miles — with him, arriving in the place May 12, 
1835. At that time there were but about thirty houses in the town, the most of 
which were log cabins. He continued to work at his trade until 1847, when he 
purchased twenty acres of land just south of the town for §27.50 per acre, which at 
the present time is inside the city limits, lots from the same fronting on South 
Michigan street being worth §2,000. After settling on the land Mr. Elder engaged 
in farming on a small scale, and later opened the first dairy in the town. He has 
lived forty-two years in the house in which he is now residing, a record probably 
not equalled by any family in South Bend or possibly in St. Joseph county. For a 
residence which has been constructed for so long a time, it is in excellent repair, and 
is a model of convenience and comfort. Mr. Elder was maiTied on the 2d of April, 
1SS8. in South Bend, to Miss Emily A. Sweet, born near Hartford, Conn., 
Murch 20, 1816, and daughter of Ira and Orra (Sweet) Sweet, the former a native 
of Ohio and the latter of Connecticut. The father of Ira Sweet was one of the first 
settlers in the vicinity of Ashtabula, Ohio, and cut the first tree on the land where 



MEilOIRS OF INDIANA. 69 

that city uow stands. After the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Sweet, who wereconsina, 
they lived a short time in Connecticut, then settled in New York, and in 1826 
removed to Loraine county, Ohio, and still later to Illinois, where Mrs. Sweet died, 
Mr. Sweet's death occurring in Iowa at the age of seventy- four years. Mr. and 
Mrs. Elder- are the parents of the following children: Robert J., and Alexander, 
deceased; John W., Mary A., William A., Martha E., Amanda M., Sydney S. and 
Harriet E. Mr. Elder is a member of the Presbyterian Church, having joined that 
religious denomination in Scotland when a young man, but his wife and children 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Elder has always affiliated 
with the Republican party, having voted for William Henry Harrison and his grand- 
son, Benjamin Harrison, for President He assisted in raising the first church in South 
Bend in the fall of 1835, which was a plain, frame structure from heavy timber, for 
the Methodist denomination. The people were in straitened circumstances in those 
days, and rails from a fence were placed on blocks and served as the first seats. A 
strange feature of the church raising, which was of no uncommon occurrence in those 
pioneer days, was a jug of whisky, which also assisted in the laudable work. Mr. 
Elder's life has been one of honor and usefulness, and during his long residence 
in this section he has gathered about him numerous friends, whose respect he at 
all times commands. His life has been marked by the most upright conduct, and 
in bis long and varied career, naught has ever been said derogatory to his honor. 

Henry Fischer. Among the prominent business men of Nappanee, Ind., is 
Henry Fischer, who conducts a well-appointed drug store at that place. He was 
born in the State of New York, October 5, 1857, to Henry J. and Fredericka (King) 
Fischer, the former of whom was born in Germany, December 25, 1824, and was 
there reared and educated and served for some time in the German army. Upon 
coming to this country when a young man, he landed at New York City but soon 
after settled at Syracuse, where he worked at the cooper's trade which he had 
learned in the old country. He remained in New York for about ten years after his 
marriage, then moved to Edgerton, Ohio, where he followed his trade for some three 
years, or until 1870, at which time he took up his residence in Goshen, Ind., where 
his trade occupied his time and attention until his death, February 18, 1881. He 
was a member of the Lutheran Church, and at one time was an Odd Fellow. He 
became well to do while in Syracuse, N. Y., but lost a large sum of money at the 
patent- right business, but in a great measure retrieved his losses in later years. He 
became well known in Goshen and was much respected. His wife was bom in Ger- 
many in 1836, came with her parents to this country, and was principally reared in 
Syracuse, N. Y. Her father was John King. To Henry J. Fischer and wife the 
following children were born: Minnie, who died young; Henry, the subject of this 
sketch; Herman, who lives at Topeka, Kan. ; Emma, who died young; Albert, who 
is a resident of Elkhart, Ind., and Charles, who resides in Detroit, Mich. After the 
death of her husband Mrs. Fischer married a Mr. Belling and is now making her 
home in Detroit. She is a member of the Lutheran Church. Henry Fischer was 
only thirteen years old when the family came to Elkhart county. He assisted his 
father in the cooper shop and attended school until sixteen years of age when he 
began clerking in a drug store, a calling he followed up to 1889, when he started in 
business for himself in Nappanee. where he has become a popular, successful and 
highly esteemed man of business. He is very energetic and pushing and carries a 
choice line of drugs of all kinds, and au e-'ccellent stock of books, stationery, wall 
paper, etc. He has always been a strong Republican, takes au interfst in all public 
matters and is generous in contributing to enterprises of a worthy nature. He and 
his wife are members of the Methodist Epis'V)pal Churoh, and he is the etficient 
financial secretary of the same. In 1887 be took for his corapanioa throu .■■ii life 
Miss Emma R. Wyland, of Goshen, where her birth occurred October S. 1 S."7. a 
daughter of Israel Wyland, who for i^^ght years was county recorder of Elk'jart 
county. Israel Wyland was married twice, his first union resulting in the fulowing 



70 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

children: Cyrus, James B., Lurinda J., John A., all of whom are living. Hia sec- 
ond union was to Mrs. Lydia De Letter, and in due course of time resulted in the 
birth of two children: Emma E. (Mrs. Fischer), and a little girl who died in infancy. 
Mrs. Fischer's mother was married three times, her maiden name being Wysong. 
Her iirst union did not bear fruit, but to her second union were given the following 
children: Mary A. E., Anna, James M., whose sketch appears in this volume; Syl- 
vanus, and the following who are deceased: Louis C, Manda J. and Sarah A. Her 
third marriage was to Mr. Wyland with the above results. In addition to filling 
the responsible duties of county recorder he was elected assessor of Elkhart town- 
ship a number of times, and also on various occasions filled the office of assessor of 
Goshen with credit to himself. Mrs. Fischer is finely educated, being a graduate 
of the classical course of the Goshen High School in 1878, and completed the Chau- 
tauqua course in 1889, obtaining at the same time the Garnet and White Seals. 
For ten years she was a teacher in the public schools of Goshen, and won a high 
reputation as an educator and disciplinarian. Mr. and Mrs. Fischer have a pretty 
and comfortable home in Nappanee and move in the highest social circles of the 
place. They have two promising children: Ralston, born September 11, 1889, 
and Fredericka L. , born June 23, 1890. Mr. Fischer is in every sense of the 
term a self-made man, and deserves much credit for the way in which he has con- 
quered Dame Fortune. 

Jacob S. Walters. The vocation of the pharmacist is unquestionably a highly 
important one in any and every community, for upon his care and skill almost as 
much as upon that displayed by the medical profession, oftentimes depends the phys- 
ical welfare — nay, the life or death of the sick or ailing. Among the favorably 
known druggists of Elkhart county, Ind.,may be mentioned the name of Jacob S. 
Walters, who has an attractive and well-appointed store in Nappanee, which was 
established in 1880. He was born in Union township, this county, February 19, 
1854, and was the youngest son of Justin Walters and his wife Elizabeth (Hartman) 
Walters. The father was born in Germany, May 5, 1815; was a member of a promi- 
nent German family, and in the land of his birth was educated. After marrying, he 
came to this country in 1845, and about 1846 settled in Columbiana county, Ohio, 
and in Elkhart county. Lid., in 1848, taking up his residence in Union township 
where he followed farming from that time until his death in February, 1868. He 
was a member of the Mennonite Church and politically was a Republican. When 
he came to the United States he had no means, but with the perseverence and 
enercry which has ever characterized the German people, he kept earnestly at work 
and was soon in fair circumstances. He followed his trade of weaving in the old, as 
well as in the new country, and in this way made considerable money. He identi- 
fied himself with the interests of his adopted country, and came to be known as a 
man of much public spirit. He knew what it was to be a pioneer and suffered the 
hardships of such a life, but he always conducted himself in an upright manner. 
He wa-i very domestic in his tastes and found his greatest happiness in his home 
surrounded' by his wife and children. He is still kindly remembered by some of the 
old residents of the county. His widow now resides on the old homestead one and 
one half miles northeast of Nappanee. She was born six miles from Hesse Cassel, 
Germany, in 1816; was there educated, but the greater part of her life has been 
spent on American soil, where her family has been reared. For the past twenty- 
five years her health has not been of the best, but through all her sufferings she has 
preserved her pleasant and cheerful disposition. She bore her husband nine 
children seven of whom are living: Elizabeth, born September 21, 1836, married 
Henry Christofel; was left a widow, and later married Jacob Yoder, and is now 
residing five miles south of Elkhart. Sis of the children she bore her first husband 
are deceased — Isaac, Sarah, Maggie, John. Lizzie, Amanda. Katie, the only sur- 
vivinc' member, is now Mrs. Bowers; John A. was the next in order of birth and 
was born January 7, 1838; is a merchant of Wakarusa; m:irried Esther Bachert of 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 71 

Canada, December 15, 1853, and is the father of these children: Jacob B. , Mary, 
Henry, Samuel, Alice, Esther, Elizabeth, Susan, Charles S., Agnes and Belle. Mary 
was born August 5, ISiO; married a Mr. Trues and died in 1868, leaving one child 
— William. George S. was born July 24, 1843, is a farmer living near Nappanee; 
married Susan Ernest of Elkhart county, and has these children: Frank, Alice, 
Ida, Jesse, Mile, Ira, Oscar, Bert and Verney. Henry J. was born July 7, 1850; 
married Christina Weaver; is clerking in his brother's store, and is the father of 
three children : Melvia, Nora and Daniel. Jacob S. , the subject of this sketch; and 
Lydia, who was born August 20, 1860, and resides on the old homestead with her 
mother. Two children died when young; the death of one occurring on the ocean 
while the family were en route to this country, and was buried at sea. Jacob S. 
Walters was born in Union township this county; was reared to a farm life and 
attended the district schools, the summer seasons being spent in assisting his father 
on the home farm. After the death of the head of the family, he worked by the 
month on a farm, but still attended school during the winter in 1876. After a time 
he embarked in the drug business in Locke by buying out his brother John A., be- 
ing thus associated with Dr. J. K. Julien, the firm name being Julien & Walters. This 
partnership lasted for one year, when Mr. Walters purchased the interest of Dr. 
Julien and continued the business until 1880, when he put up a business house in 
Nappanee and stocked it with drugs, still retaining his stock at Locke for two years, 
which was under the care of Dr. Paxton. In 1882 he discontinued his business 
there, sold his building and put all his money in his establishment in Nappanee, and 
is at present conducting a profitable business where he first held forth. He is 
handling a full line of drugs, medicines, paints, oils, wall-paper, books and notions, 
his stock being valued at about $6,000; his annual sales amounting to $12,000. 
Socially he has been a member of the A. F. & A. M. since 1877 — Nappanee Lodge, 
A. F. & A. M., No. 656, Goshen Chapter No. 45, R. A. M.,and Bashoe Council, No. 
15, Goshen, Indiana & South Bend Commandery No. 13, K. T. He has held or 
filled all of the ofiices in the Nappanee Lodge. On August 31, 1879, Mr. Walters 
was married at Locke, Ind. , to Miss Henrietta Burkholder, a resident of Miami 
county, Ind., and a native of Green county, Wis., where she was born June 19, 
1859. To her union with Mr. Walters the following children have been given: 
Arthur M., born May 16, 1880; Maudie E., November 16, 1882; William, March 3, 
1884; Louisa M., November 28, 1886; Chester A., December 2, 1889; Charles R., 
January 16, 1891, and Clara Belle, November 1, 1892. Mrs. Walters is a daughter 
of Jacob and Susanna (Shaffer) Burkholder, both of whom were born in Pennsylvania, 
the father's birth occurring in Bedford county to Jacob Burkholder who came of 
German parents. The Shaffers were also Pennsylvanians and were well known and 
highly respected people in the section in which they resided. Jacob Burkholder, 
the father, was born in 1822 and died in Miami county, Ind., in 1876, having been 
a minister of the Reformed Church for many years, and preached in different por- 
tions of Indiana. He left his native State after reaching manhood, and first located 
in Illinois, where he lived for two years, then moved to Green county, Wis. , and 
after a few years became a resident of Huatington county. While pursuing his 
calliug he resided in many different places and expounded the gospel from many 
pulpit-^. Twenty years of his life were devoted to the cause of Christianity, and in 
the meantime, being a skilled mechanic, he worked at the carpenter's trade. He 
was public spirited and energetic and politically was a Democrat. His wife's birth 
occurred two years later than his own. She survives him and is a resident of 
Mexico, Miami Co., Ind. Their union resulted in the birth of ten children, eight of 
whom are living: William T. is a resident of Missouri and is a minister of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church; Sarah C. is the wife of Stephen De Haven of Wisconsin; 
Mary E. became the wife of Joseph Bennett, who was killed on the Wabash Rail- 
road, after which she married Emery Poole; Lucinda A. is the wife of Rev. Joseph 
Bechtel of the United Brethren Church of Fulton, Ind. ; Jeremiah is a school teacher 



72 PICTORIAL A2fD BIOGHAPHICAL 

of Denver, Ind. , and justice of the peace of his township; Jacob C. died at the age 
of thirteen years; Rebecca is the wife of John See; Henrietta (Mrs. Walters); 
Margaret J. died at the age of two months; and John, who resides in Denver, Ind., 
is snccessfully engaged in teaching school. After the death of Mr. Burkholder, his 
widow married again, becoming the wife of Michael Nicewinder, being now a resident 
of Mexico, Ind. She is a member of the Reformed Church and a true Christian in 
every respect. Mrs. Walters was the youngest but one of her family, and while at- 
tending school formed the acquaintance of Mr. Walters, which eventually resulted 
in the marriage. Outside of the drug business Mr. Walters, in connection with 
Wilson Slabaugh, manufactures hard and soft wood lumber, and conducts a lumber 
yard at Nappanee, and they are doing a general building supply business; they 
handle lime and cement. They do an annual business of from ^25,000 to $30,000. 
Mr. Walters is a self-made man, and what he has in the way of worldly goods has 
been obtained by his own hard work. He is among the prominent business men of 
Nappanee, and has also a small amount of stock in the Nappanee Furniture Company. 
He is the owner of a nice residence and also his store building. As a business man 
and a citizen generally he commands the respect of all and has many warm friends. 
He is a member in good standing of the Indiana Pharmaceutical Association, and for 
seventeen years past has been connected with the drug business. While a resident 
of Locke he held the position of postmaster for three years. 

William W. Best. Mr. Best, a prominent resident of Nappanee, Ind., where 
he has made his home since the fall of 1891; came from Kosciusko county, of which 
he was a resident from 1865. He owes his nativity to the Buckeye State, born in 
Carroll county, April 8, 1836, and was the youngest of eight children, seven sons 
and one daughter, born to the union of John and Mary (Cooper) Best. John Best 
was born in the southern part of Pennsylvania and was the son of an old Revolu- 
tionary soldier. The latter was bom in England and fought in King George's 
army. He was brought to this country but left the English army and became a 
soldier in the American army. He reared a family of six children, four sons and 
two daughters, as follows: John, George, David, Jacob, Catherine and Mary. 
These children settled in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. The father 
of our subject emigrated to Ohio at an early day, about 1812, and died in Putnam 
county in 1860. He held membership in the Lutheran Church and was prominent 
in all good work. He was an extensive farmer, owned u sawmill and was a carpen- 
ter by trade. He accumulated a good property. His wife, Mary Cooper, was a 
native of Pennsylvania and a descendant of a prominent family of that State. She 
had a brother in the war of 1812. She followed her husband to the grave in 1863, 
and was in full communion with the Lutheran Church at the time of her death. 
Both parents of our subject were pioneers in Carroll county, Ohio, and the father 
was an extensive farmer, owning 200 acres of land. The children born to the family 
are named as follows: George, Jacob, John, Abram (killed in the Civil war), Isaac, 
Sarah A., Joseph and William W. Of these children only our subject and his brother 
John came to Indiana, and both settled in Kosciusko county. Only six of these 
children are now livinc William W. Best was educated in the district schools of 
his native county, atteuding during the winter months, and assisting his father on 
the farm and in the sawmill during the summer season. When about seventeen 
years of age he began learning the carpenter trade, continued this about two years, 
and then returned home, where he took charge of the farm until his father's death. 
His maternal grandfather was a noted hunter and trappev, and Mrs. Best was with 
her father on several occasions when he shot bear. In the year 1856 our subject 
was united in marriage to Miss Nancy J. Wagner, daughter of Jacob and Margaret 
(Baiuer) Wagner, and remained iu Ohio until after the war, when he moved his 
family to Indiana. He settled in Kosciusko county, on a farm of 160 acres, but sub- 
sequently put up a sawmill, and carried on both farming and milling. During the 
Rebellion our subject enlisted, but on account of a crippled aukle and foot which he 



ilEilOinS OF INDIANA. 73 

got from a fall from a barn, he was rejected. He helped to raise Compauy D, Oue 
Hundred and Eighteenth Ohio; and formed a company of forty men and acted as 
recruiting agent part of the time during the war. During the winter of 1862-3 he 
was with the Twenty-third Army Corps. He had a brother Abram, who died in the 
service, and the latter had a son, sixteen years of age, who was a soldier. George 
Best had a son, John C, who served through the war. William W. Best remained 
on the farm until 1891, when he moved to Nappanee. He has been successful in all 
his business occupations, and is a substantial citizen of the county. He and wife 
are the parents of children, as follows: D. M., a real estate dealer of Elkhart; 
William H., in the market business in Nappanee; Lydia A., now Mrs. E. Lienhart, 
of St. Joseph county; Mary A., now Mrs. J. D. Good, of Nappanee; Margaret E., 
now Mrs. Christian Johnson; Ada L., now Mrs. Mahlon H. Thomas, of Chicago; 
John M., residing in Nappanee; Philip I., in Nappanee, and Florence E. Mr. Best 
and sons are ardent supporters of Democratic principles, and he is a public-spirited 
citizen. He is now engaged in the real estate, insurance and collecting business. 
He and wife have a cozy home on South Elm street, near the United Brethren 
Church, and are highly esteemed as upright, honorable citizens. 

GoBDON Noel Murrat, editor and proprietor of the Nappanee News, was born 
July 22, 1852, at the Murray Homestead, in Jefferson township, Elkhart Co., 
Ind. , being a member of a family of six brothers and three sisters. His early years 
were spent on the farm, receiving an education afforded by the country school of 
that day, by attending school in the winter season and working on the farm during 
the summer, until he reached the age of eighteen years, when he moved to Goshen 
with his parents. There, in 1871, he obtained a situation as an apprentice in a 
machine shop. Working in various factories in that city until 1874, young Murray 
took up his residence in Sterling, El., where he remained until the spring of 1877; 
daring that interval having charge of a factory as foreman, and being employed as 
a commercial traveler. Going to South Bend in the same year, young Murray fol- 
lowed the vocation of a mechanic until the winter of 1877-78, when he entered the 
mechanical department of the South Bend Herald, then published by his brother, 
Charles T. Murray. The latter returning to Washington, D. C, in the spring of 
1878, the father of the subject of this sketch — Hon. Charles L. Murray — sold his 
interest in the Goshen Democrat, and took charge of the South Bend Herald. It 
was then that young Murray was initiated into the mysteries of journalism, contin- 
uing as he did in the capacity of business manager and city editor of the Herald 
until the spring of 1881. After his father disposed of the Herald, at that time, 
Mr. Murray again entered on the duties of a commercial traveler. In June of the 
same year, 1881, he was married to Miss Ellen Niles Taylor, at Ionia, Mich. Under 
a mortgage, the Herald material reverting to his parent, Mr. Murray again returned 
to the printing business at South Bend in 1882. Forming a partnership with a 
younger brother, Harris F. Murray, and his father, under the firm name of C. L. 
Murray & Sons, job printers, Mr. Murray completed his trade in the " art preserva- 
tive." In the fall of 1884 the job printing office was disposed of, and soon after 
fell into the hands of prominent Prohibitionists of the State, who had formed a 
stock company to establish a State organ for their party. Mr. Murray became a 
stockholder, and was awarded the contract of moving the plant to Indianapolis, 
where it was consolidated with that of the Monitor Journal, and tlere he estab- 
lished the mechanical department of the Indiana Phalanx, now the State Prohibition 
organ. The Phalanx Company being unable to continue the salary at which Mr. 
Murray was employed, he removed to Goshen, Ind., where he became identified 
with the Daily News. He first entered on the duties of solicitor on the road, but 
soon after became business manager of the office, and later a member of the firm, as the 
News Printing Company. He continued there until January, 1888, when he was 
enabled, through the assistance of Thomas A. Starr, senior editor of the Goshen Neirs. 
to purchase the Nappanee News, which he has edited during the past five years, 



74 PICTORIAL AUD BIOGRAPHICAL 

bringing the paper into local prominence among the publications of northern Indiana. 
He is one of the directors of the Fair Association of the county, that his father 
organized io an early day and became the first secretary, holding that position for 
a great many years. Mr. Murray comes of journalistic stock; he is a self-made 
man, always having made his way in the world by his own energy since leaving the 
farm. 

His brother, Charles T. Murray, at one time editor of the South Bend Herald, 
and later the well-known Washington correspondent, now has a newspaper bureau 
in New York City; and during the presidential campaign of 1892, just closed, was 
employed in furnishing special matter for the New York Herald. His brother, 
Edward Murray, a writer and contributor of well-known ability, is business manager 
of Paper and Press, Lithographer' s Journal, and the Spanish-American publication, 
Papel y Prensa, of Philadelphia. Harris F. Murray, a younger brother, is on the 
Oregonian, of Pendleton, Ore. Mr. Murray's uncle, F. W. Murray, was for a 
quarter of a century connected with the press of Cincinnati, as a contributor and 
compositor. Mr. Murray's father, Hon. Charles L. Murray, the pioneer journalist 
of Elkhart and Kosciusko counties, was born in 1815, in a small town called Mur- 
raystield, in Bradford county, Penn. His parents were Philadelphians. He was 
paternally Scotch and maternally English. His paternal grandfather was an officer 
in the Bevolutionary war, and his profession (religious) was, first a Baptist, and 
then a Universalist minister, and was one of eight brothers who settled in western 
New York after the Kevolution. His maternal grandfather was a Quaker, and fol- 
lowed the business of an architect in Philadelphia, where C. L. Murray's parents 
were born. While the family resided at Athens, on the Susquehanna Eiver, his 
father was appointed justice of the peace for life, by the governor of Pennsylvania, 
under the old constitution. Mr. Murray began, about the year 1828, to learn the 
printer's trade. The paper was published in Towanda, and supported John Q. 
Adams for President. His brother-in-law, W. Jenkins, leaving Towanda, Mr. 
Murray went with the family to Huron county, Ohio, where he was engaged in the 
first anti-Masonic printing office in the State. In 1831 Mr. Jenkins moved the 
office to Columbus, Ohio, where Mr. Murray followed him as an apprentice. Com- 
pleting his trade in 1833, he went west to seek his fortune. Having a relative at 
Jacksonville, LI., on his father's side (Murray McConnel), he worked in that place 
on a paper published by a Mr. Edwards. Taking the prevailing disease of the 
country — ague — he returned to Columbus, Ohio, by joining his father's nephew in 
taking a drove of horses through that were being bought for the Philadelphia 
market. Mounted on a horse young Murray crossed the State from St. Louis via 
Vincennes, and in spite of the terrible condition of the roads at tuat time, reached 
Columbus in safety. Here he again worked for his brother-in-law and became fore- 
man of the office of the Western Hemisphere, the Democratic organ of the State. 
Young Murray was then in his eighteentti year, and he continued in the employ of 
the paper until a difficulty arose between him and one of the proprietors. Soon 
afterward the paper changed hands, and its name changed to the Ohio Statesman, 
when Mr. Murray again accepted a position in the office, and continued there until 
1834. He then went to Piqua, Ohio, on the solicitation of citizens there; and, in 
company with his brother-in-law, D. B. Espy, established the Piqua Courier. The 
paper was printed on an old wooden press that had been brought from Philadelphia 
at an early day. The Courier, with Charles L. Murray as editor, was the first paper 
in the State which run up the name of Gen. Harrison for President in 1835. Mr. 
Murray purchased the interest of his brother-in-law in 1836. He was married to a 
Kentucky lady, by the name of Ann Maria Spriggs, in July of the same year. A 
party of citizens firom Goshen, Ind. , solicited Mr. Murray to remove to that town, 
and he accepted the offer, selling the Courier to one Barrington. In company with 
Anthony Defrees, of Goshen, Mr. Murray went to Cincinnati and bought an outfit, 
shipped it to Dayton by canal, and the balance of the way it was transported to 



MEMOIRS OF TNDTJJfA. 75 

Goshen in wagons via Ft. Wayne. The first issne of the Goshen Express, C. L. 
Murray as editor, appeared in February, 1837. Mr. Defrees soon sold his interest 
to Mr. Murray, who continued as its editor, at intervals, and under different names, 
until 1840. At this period, as a Whig candidate, he was defeated for the auditor- 
ship of Elkhart county, the Democrats having a large majority in the county. Mr. 
Murray was appointed postmaster at Goshen, under President Harrison, in 1840, 
and sold his printing office shortly afterward. He was removed from ofBce during 
the administration of John Tyler. Mr. Murray, having purchased some land north 
of Goshen, turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, devoting his time during 
the winter to working at his trade, or in reporting the proceedings of the Senate for 
the Indiana State Journal. In 1846 he printed the Republican at Monoquet, Kos- 
ciusko county, for one year, under an engagement with land owners there, who 
were trying to locate the county seat. This was the first paper ever printed in the 
county. From there he moved to Indianapolis and became assistant editor of the 
State Journal. In the fall of the following year he returned to his farm in Elkhart 
county, where his family resided until 1870, though Mr. Murray was still in the 
habit of going to Indianapolis to report in the Senate, where he served seven ses- 
sions in that capacity. In 1859 he was elected by the Kepublicans, joint-represent- 
ative, from the counties of Elkhart and Lagrange, by a majority of 900. He 
served through both extra and regular sessions, and took an active part in important 
subjects under consideration. In 1860 he was elected to the Senate by over 1,200 
majority. He had the advantage of the acquaintance of nearly all the public men 
of Ohio and Indiana. He was purely a self-made man, never having attended 
school a day after he was eleven years of age. On the first call of the Government 
for 75.000 men to put down the rebellion, he wrote out a muster-roll, signed it, 
placed it in the auditor's office of the county, wrote out and had published in both 
Goshen papers the first call for volunteers in that city, after which he went out into 
the townships and made speeches for recruits. After he had raised a sufficient 
number of men for a company, through a call in the papers, he met the men at 
Goshen and placed in nomination a captain and first lieutenant, and leaving them 
to complete the organization, departed for Indianapolis to attend the extra session 
of the Legislature, called by Gov. Morton, to equip the Indiana troops for the three 
months' service. The quota of troops being filled when the men arrived, thev were 
discharged and returned home. Mr. Murray procured a place as private in Capt. 
Mann's company, from the city of Elkhart, and, when marching orders came, left 
his seat in the Senate and boarded a cattle train with the boys one morning, after 
having lain with them on the ground all night near the Union depot. After serving 
the three months as a private, he returned home and completed his term in the 
Senate. On February 1, 1862, he left Camp Ellis, near Goshen, with the Forty- 
eighth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, as quartermaster, and remained with the reg- 
iment about two years, until he received his discharge, by reason of severe illness 
that incapacitated him from duty. In 1870 Mr. Murray sold his farm and removed 
his family to Goshen, where he soon bought a half interest in the Democrat, which 
paper he edited until the fall of 1877. About that time he moved to South Bend 
and took charge of the Herald, which plant he had owned for several years previous, 
in partnership with his son, Charles T. Murray. He continued to edit the Herald 
until he sold the office in the fall of 1880. In 1882 the material of the Herald 
returning to Mr. Murray under a mortgage, and the "good will" of the office hav- 
ing been taken from him through the connivance of the man to whom he had sold 
the office, whereby he met the first real financial loss during his entire newspaper 
career, he, in company with his two sons, Gordon N. and Harris F., opened a job 
priuting office at South Bend. Having reached that age when mechanical work 
became burdensome to him, he was gratuitously employed as editor of the Sun, a 
Prohibition organ, printed at the job office through arrangements with local adher- 
ents of that party. The office was sold during the fall of 1884, and was afterward 



76 PICTORIAL AJS^D BIOGRAPHICAL 

removed to ladifiQapolia. At this period Mr. Murray retired from active business 
life, though he continued to contribute to the columns of the New York Voice, 
Chicago News, and other journals, over his signature, up to within a few months of 
his death. He died at his home in the city of South Bend, July 15, 1889. It 
will be seen by this sketch that the subject thereof was closely identiijed with the 
early history of Elkhart county, and later of St. Joseph county. He was a pol- 
itician from his boyhood, and was particularly "at home with his pen" on all 
political questions and political history of his time. He was counted as one among 
the most fluent, yet vigorous writers, in the field of northern Indiana journalism, 
during his newspaper work therein. Mr. Murray was iirst a Whig, then a Repub- 
lican, from that party's infancy until the time of the "Liberal" movement that 
followed Horace Greeley. He affiliated with the Democratic party until the Pro- 
hibitionists organized in the State, when he adopted that political faith, to which ho 
strictly and conscientiously adhered; and was prominent in drafting, in a measure, 
that party's State platform in 1888. 

William H. Holdehan. Among the newspaper men of northern Indiana who 
have done so much in the past and are planning so wisely to help forward the inter- 
ests of their sections in the future, we are pleased to mention Mr. William Holde- 
man. This gentleman is the editor and proprietor of the Nappanee Advance, 
established September 11, 1891, and owes his nativity to Indiana, born in Eandolph 
county, August 18, 1847. His great-grandfather, Cbristian Montel, was a Hessian 
soldier, and was brought over by King George to fight the Continental army. He 
was captured by the latter and willingly fought on the other side until the close of the 
war. He then settled in Virginia and was there married. Jacob Holdeman, grand- 
father of subject, was born in Virginia in 1787, and married to a Miss Montel. In. 
1842 he and family moved to Randolph county, lud. , purchased a tract of laud and 
settled in the woods where they remained ten years, from there they moved to Elkhart 
county, settled on a farm in Union township, and after residing there ten years moved 
to Kosciusko county, where they purchased land southwest of Nappanee. This they sold 
later and moved to Webster. Mr HoldemandiedDecemberl3, 1866, atthe home of his 
son. Christian, in Elkhart county. A Whig in politics at an early day he later espoused 
the principles of the Republican party, and remained with that until his death. In 
religion he was a member of the United Brethren Church, and was active in his 
support of the same. His son. Christopher, father of our subject, was bom in 
Preble county, Ohio, April 7, 1820, and came with his father to Randolph county, 
Ind., where he grew to manhood. He married Miss Eliza Study, a daughter of 
Levi and Mary Study, and a native of Wayne county, Ind., born November 7, 1816. 
She died at her home northwest of Goshen, Ind., February 27, 1887, and was one 
of these children, as follows: Matilda, Levi, Abraham, Jesse, William, Charlotte, 
Eliza and Catherine; only the following are now living: Matilda, Catherine, Elizabeth 
and Jesse. After marriage Mr. and Mrs. Holdeman mo\ed to Jackson township, Elk- 
hart county, Ind., and there reared a family of eight children, as follows: JIary A., 
born February 17, 1846, married C. K. Stauffer and resides on a farm east of Elk- 
hart; Jesse, bom January 10, 1849, maiTied Miss Belle McCloud and resides in 
Kosciusko county, near Milford (he has a family); Charlotte, born September 3, 
1852, married Rev. W. Bussard, a minister in the German Baptist Church, and has 
several children; Alice J., born May 23, 1858, became the wife F. P. Shultz, of 
Jefferson township, Elkhart county; one child, not named, died in 1849; Minerva 
J., died April 13, 1862, when nine months old; Israel, died in 1856, when two 
weeks old, and William H., onr subject. The father of these children is still living 
and although well along in years, enjoys comparatively good health. A Republican 
in politics, he keeps himself well posted on all the current topics of the day, and a 
United Brethren in his religious views, he is active in all good work. William H. 
Holdeman received the rudiments of his education in the district schools of Jackson 
township, attending during the winter months and assisting his father with the farm 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 77 

work ia summer. At the age of twenty years he commenced teaching school in 
Elkhart cjunty, and later had the advantages of the Normal School and Butler Col- 
lege, Goshen, and also at Hillsdale College, Michigan. In 1879 fie opened a noimal 
schojl at Nappanee and later became high school principal. Afterward he became 
editor and proprietor of the Nappanee News, then the only newspaper in the town 
and this he conducted very successfully until January 28, 1888, when he sold to G. 
N. Murray, the present editor. Then he moved to Hicksville, Ohio, purchased The 
Independent, which he afterward changed to a Republican paper, and moved fiom 
there to Woodlawn Park. Chicago, where he owns a good property near Jackson Park. 
Returning to Nappanee he started I^he Advance, the only official Republican organ 
in this part of the county. He is very successful as a newspaper man, and although 
but recently started, his paper commands an ever widening area of circulation. He 
is a Methodist in his religious views and is active in church, town and county affairs. 
On April 25, 1882. he was united in marriage to Miss Mary I. Holloway, who was 
born September 28, 1855, and whose parents, L. D. and Elizabeth (Dehoff) Hollo- 
way, were pioneers of Colambiana county, Ohio. She is one of five children as fol- 
lows: Mary I., Jennie, Walter T., Harvey and William, all living except Harvey. 
Mr. and Mrs. Holdeman have two interesting children : Hazel Elizabeth, born June 
8, 1888, at Hicksville, Ohio, and Lloyd Holloway, born June 14, 1891. 

Lesteb F. Bakek, founder of the D. H. Baker & Bro. boot and shoe store of 
South Bend, Ind., is a native of the Empire State, born in Oneida county, August 
19, 1819, and is a son of Eleazer Baker, who was a native of Connecticut, born 
in 1793, but who died in Orleans county, N. Y. , in 1836. He was a commission 
merchant by occupation, and in 1825 settled in western New York when that 
part of the State was a wilderness. He was one of the pioneers. The mother of 
our subject, Susan (Love) Baker, was born in Oneida county, N. Y., in 1797, and 
died in 1877. Lester F. Baker was the eldest of eight children born to this worthy 
couple and is the only one of two now living. He was educated in the district 
and private schools and from the age of fourteen until eighteen he worked on a 
farm. He then branched out to fight his own way in life and was engaged in 
variou.s occupations until twenty years of age when he began teaching school in his 
native State. As compensation he received from $15 to $25 per month and "board 
around." This profession he followed for six years, and in 1846 he came to Akron, 
Ohio, where he engaged in the stove and tinware business for some time. From 
there he went to Sandusky City, thence to Cincinnati, and for two years, or until 
1852, was engaged in railroad work on the Chicago, Hamilton & Dayton Railway, 
which was then building. In the last mentioned year, in company with his 
brother, Darwin H. , he came west in search of a good business location, and after 
much hunting decided that South Bend, Ind., was the best place, all things con- 
sidered, that they could find. In May, 1852, they opened a boot and shoe store 
opposite the South Bend National Bank as it now stands, and remained there 
from May to October, when they removed to Michigan street, three doors from Wash- 
ington street. Six months later they removed their goods one door south from 
that place and there the firm remained for twenty years. Then they removed to 
the prt-sent location on the corner of Michigan and Washington. In 1861 Mr. Baker 
retired from the boot and shoe business and since then has given his attention to his 
real estate interests. He is the owner of some of the best property in the city 
and has ever been thoroughgoing and enterprising. He was married in 1849 to 
Miss Mary R. WiUey, of Delaware, Ohio, born in that town in 1826, and they 
have two daughters: Susan, now Mrs. William Nickell, residing in Waukesha, Wis., 
and Ida, now Mrs. Frederick Sanborn, of South Bend. In politics Mr. Baker is a 
stanch supporter of Democratic principles, and cast his iirst presidential vote for 
Martin Van Baren in 1840. In his religious sentiments he is a Presbyterian. In 
the year 1875 he was elected to the common council of the city of South Bend and 
served in a creditable and efficient manner for two year.^. In ISS'.) he was appointed 



78 PICTORIAL AJVB BIOGRAPHICAL 

by the Indiana General Assembly as one of the trustees of the Northern Indiana 
Asylum for lusane at Logansport. This appointment was made without his knowl- 
edtre and was a great surprise for him. Mr. Baker has passed many years of his 
life in St. Joseph county and in every walk of life has acquitted himself in an 
upright, honorable manner. He is known far and near as a man of kind disposi- 
tion, and an intelligent and worthy gentleman. He has ever been interested in the 
public welfare, and while he has ever attended strictly to his private affairs, he 
shirked no duties as a loyal citizen. 

William R. Boyd is the president of the South Bend Lumber Company, which 
was organized and incorporated December 1, 1889, with a capital stock of $32,000 
with the following officers: William R. Boyd, president; Frank Colmar, vice-pres- 
ident, and S. A. Hillier, secretary and treasurer. The company was the consol- 
idation of the lumber interests of Leach & Jackson and Boyd & Hillier, the latter 
firm having purchased the business of the former a short time previous to the organ- 
ization of the South Bend Lumber Company. A large planing mill and sash 
and door factory is operated in connection with the business, the annual volume of 
which amounts to about $150,000. Mr. Boyd was born in Harford county, Md., 
August 27, 1841, to Weston and Hannah (Parsons) Boyd, the former a native of 
Harford county and the latter of Baltimore, Md. Weston Boyd was born about the 
year 1810. His parents, who were natives of England, came to America in colonial 
times, and although the grandfather was a tanner by trade he did not follow that 
occupation after coming to America, the occupation of agriculture being his life 
work after locating in Maryland. Previous to his death he owned a large amount 
of property within thirty-six miles of Baltimore, which was the family home- 
stead for many years and where the paternal grandfather and grandmother passed 
their lives. Weston Boyd, when a lad, went to Baltimore, where he learned the car- 
penter's trade, which he followed during his lifetime. After his marriage in Bal- 
timore to Miss Parsons, he located at Havre de Grace, Md., where the family lived 
a number of years and where the subject of this sketch was born. With the excep- 
tion of a few years in Washington, D. C, Mr. Boyd resided in this place until 
his death, in June, 1857. His wife survives him and at present makes her home 
with her son, John T., in Alexandria, Va. She bore her husband three children: 
John T. , William R., and Charles W. (deceased.) One child was born to Mr. Boyd 
by a former marriage: Sarah I., wife of James Whittington of Philadelphia. Penn. 
William R. Bjyd was reared in his native town, where he received his initiatory 
education which he afterward finished in the public schools of Washington, D. C. 
Iq 1857 he was apprenticed in that city to the carpenter's trade, serving four years. 
At this period the war came on and Mr. Boyd enlisted at 10 o'clock on the 
10th of April, 1851, becoming a member of Company A. District of Columbia Vol- 
unteer Infantry, which was the first mustered into the service and before the call for 
volunteers. A peculiar feature of this company was that every one of it^ mem- 
bers were born 3)uth of Mason and Dixon's line, with the exception of one French- 
man and oae Irishman. The company was organized shortly after the election 
of Lincoln to participate in his inauguration and at that time had the rightof-line 
at the ceremonies. It was composed of patriotic, loyal men, who had organized to 
protect thj life of tbe President during the inaugural ceremonies, as his life had been 
repeatedly threatened. During the three months for which the members of the 
company had enlisted, their time was chiefly taken up with guard duty. Mr. Boyd 
was in the employ of the Government in the quartermaster department during the 
war and was among a crowd of 500 volunteers engaged in repelling the guerrillas 
under Mosby at Manassas Junction. At the close of the war M. Boyd disposed 
of his furniture business at Alexandria, which he had operated a short time, and 
came to South Bend, Ind., where he began working at his trade. In 1882 he 
formed a partnership with S. A. Hillier under the firm name of Boyd & Hillier, 
in the lumber business, which firm has been succeeded by the South Bend Lumber 



ME}fOIRS OF lyDIASA. 79 

Company. Mr. Boyd thoroughly understands every detail of the lumber busi- 
ness and is an excellent judg^e of all kinds of lumber. The firm of which he is a 
member is doing a thriving business and one which is constantly on the increase. 
Mr. Boyd was married December 26, 1865. at Burlington, N. J., to Emelia A. Hil- 
lier, a daughter of Richard and Frances (Stnll) Hillier. Their union has resulted 
in the birth of two children: Nellie W., born October 27, 1866, and Robert E., bom 
September 12, 1870. Mr. Boyd is a member of the Royal Arcanum, the Masonic 
fraternity and the G. A. R. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church and politically he is a Prohibitionist. The welfare of St. Joseph 
county has always been dear to him, and he is among the foremost in advocating 
measures for the benefit of his section. 

Ira S. Schbopp. This gentleman, who is the most efficient superintendent of 
the city water-works of South Bend, Ind. , was born near Akron, Ohio, March 14 
1862. He was one of four children and when but an infant, was left motherless. 
He was adopted by Edwin G. Schropp, and was reared by that gentleman. His 
youthful daya were passed on the farm and he bad very limited educational advan- 
tages, only attending the common schools during the winter season. When old 
enough, he was given a trade (potter) and beginning this when eight years of ace, fol- 
lowed it for twelve years. When twenty years of age young Schropp came to South 
Bend, Ind. , as a representative of Donham & Ryland. wholesale tea merchants, but sub- 
sequently engaged with the Studebaker Wagon Works, where he was employed for 
two and a half years. On account of failing health he was obliged to go west, and 
he was employed in Des Moines, Iowa, by Gilchrist Lumber Company, remaining 
with the same for about eight months. Returning to South Bend he was employed as 
clerk in the city water- works, which position he held for two years and a half, when he 
was appointed superintendent of the same, succeeding E. L. Abbott. He has held this 
position for four years to the entire satisfaction of all concerned. He is a prac- 
tical and competent engineer, and has exhibited in his incumbency of this office 
the most prudent, careful and efficient management. A self-made man, Mr. Schropp 
owes all his success in life to his own indomitable push and enterprise, and as a 
citizen and neighbor no one is more highly esteemed. His marriage with Miss Mary 
Krill, daughter of Joseph Krill, a prominent farmer of Portage township, occurred 
on the 9th of August, 1888. Mr. Scropp is a member of the K. of P. and the A. O. 
U. W., and takes much interest in these organizations. His adopted father, who is 
now a resident of South Bend, was a soldier in the Civil war. and belonged to what 
was known as the "Squirrel Hunters. ' ' On November 30, 1892, he resigned his position 
as superintendent of the city water-works to engage in the patent-medicine business 
located at South Bend, and was succeeded in his position by John A. Graham, who 
was formerly superintendent of Strayer Machine shops. 

Dr. H. R. Stadtfer is a young physician of Elkhart county, Ind., but he pos- 
sesses a genius for his calling, and for that reason has attained an enviable reputa- 
tion among the citizens of the county as well as his professional brethren. He is a 
product of Elkhart county, for here he was born on the 8th of March, 1858, to John 
Stautfer and wife, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere. His early days were spent 
on the farm belonging to his father in Union township, and there he became a pupil 
in the common schools as soon as he was old enough, his literary education being 
afterward completed in a normal school. At the early age of fifteen years he became 
a schoolteacher, his first attempt in this line of work being in the country schools 
bat so successful was he that he followed it until he was twenty-one years of age, at 
which time, having previously formed the resolution, he began the study of medi- 
cine in the office of Dr. Julian, of Nappanee, and at the end of one year he entered 
Rush Medical College, of Chicago, and graduated from same in 1883. Immediately 
following this he returned to his home in Nappanee, at once hung out his shingle, thus 
announcing himself as a practitioner of the "'healing art." His skill and knowledge 
of his calling was soon recognized, his practice continued to increase, and now 



80 PICTORIAL AJSTD BIOGBAPHWAL 

extends over many counties, where his name is well known and highly regarded. He 
is a member of the County Medical Association, the National' Medical Association 
and for some time past he has been the railroad surgeon for the Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad. He is medical examiner of pensions at Goshen, and at all times shows 
that he is up with the times in the advances made in his profession. He is decid- 
edly public spirited, is a stanch Republican politically, and, socially, is a member of 
the K. of P. lodge of Nappanee, also the I. O. O. F. of the same place. Aside from 
his practice he is interested in a box factory of Nappanee, which is proving a pay- 
ing line of work. The factory is desirably located, is a well-equipped plant for its 
line of work, a specialty being made of bee-hive work and all kinds of bee sup- 
plies. The Doctor is interested in this enterprise in connection with his father and 
his brother Wallace. They ship their boxes to all large cities as well as to numer- 
ous States and find their business to be a paying one. The Doctor is a great lover 
of fine horse-flesh, has some especially speedy animals, and takes great pride in 
theiu. His horses are Kentucky bred and are very fast travelers. He is a thoroughly 
practical business man: is wide awake, active and zealous in his profession, as well 
as in other matters; is respected where ever known and comes of one of the finest 
families in the county. The Doctor was married in 1879 to Miss Belzora Jones, 
who was a native of Cass county, Mich. , born on the 7th of September, 1859, being one 
of four children reared by Howell and Mary (Pemberton) Jones, the former of 
whom was bom in South Carolina, but when young came to Michigan, where for 
many years he was a resident of Cass county. He was a son of Drury and Jennie 
(Howell) Jones, and was one of their eight children. He grew to manhood on a 
farm, married, and reared the following children: Esther, Albert, Lou E., Bel- 
zora (Mrs. Stauffer). The father and mother resided on a farm in Cass county until 
their respective deaths in 1866 and 1870. The latter was a daughter of Joseph 
and Eleanor (Ashby) Pemberton, both of whom were of English descent, the Pem- 
bertons being among the nobility of England, and descendents of Lord Pemberton. 
Mr. Jones and his wife were members of the United Brethren Church and were well 
respected in Cass county. Mrs. Stauffer attended the district schools there and 
finished her education in the school at Valparaiso, where she also studied music and 
painting. Dr. and Mrs. Stauffer have a daughter, Iva, who was born June 30, 
1882. Mrs. Stauffer is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and being of 
a very social disposition has many friends in Nappanee, whom she welcomes to her 
hospitable home in the eastern part of the town. 

Dr. William W. BnTTEBwoRTH (deceased). Very few, save those who have trod 
the arduous paths of the profession can picture to themselves the array of attrib- 
utes, physical, mental and moral, the host of minor graces of manner and person, 
essential to the making of a truly successful physician. His constitution needs 
must be of the hardiest to withstand the constant shock of wind and weather, the 
wearing loss of sleep and rest, the ever gathering load of care, the insidious ap- 
proach of every form of fell disease to which his daily round of duties momentarily, 
exposed him. Far more than all, how greatly clothed with moral strength must be 
the man who would involve himself in all the woeful secrets of humanity, drawing 
from nature her most treasured secrets, and unlocking the gates where ignorance 
and doubt have stood sentinel for ages. Such a physician was the one whose name 
stands at the head of this sketch and who in his own person so clo.sely approached 
the ideal we have attempted to sketch above. Dr. William W. Butterworth was 
born in Warren county, Ohio, in 1824, and comes of a sturdy Virginia family. 
When but a bov his parents emigrated to La Porte county, Ind., and in farm 
work younf Butterworth laid the foundation for his excellent constitution, and 
for the unusual amount of good common sense that ever characterized his actions. 
After attending the common schools he was fitted for college and entered Asbury 
University, where he remained one year. After this he began the study of med- 
icine and graduated at the Indiana Medical College. He subsequently took a 



}{EMOIRS OF INDI-iyA. 81 

partial course of lectures at University Medical College, New York, and in 1847 
located at Mishawaka, Ind., where he began practicing his profession. He went 
to that city an entire stranger, with very little to assist him in the battle of life, 
save a thorough knowledge of medicine. The city was then in the height of pros- 
perity and the medical field was then occupied by a strong corps of educated and 
popular physicians, as well as by a number of "root and herb" and "steam" 
doctors. Fresh from his college and medical studies, Dr. Butterworth huno- out 
his shingle and with much self-reliance, energy and industry, sought the confi- 
dence of the people. He soon had a liberal patronage and a fair share of the 
business but had strong competition with some noted and scientific physicians. 
Until 1861 and during the war, Dr. Butterworth always maintained first-class 
rank in his profession in northern Indiana. In 1862 he. with a few other medical 
men from different parts of the State, was commissioned by Gov. Morton by au- 
thority of the war department, to visit Indiana troops in the field and hospital, 
then suffering so terribly from typhoid disease, and in that capacity rendered ef- 
ficient aid on the battlefield and in the camp of Pittsburg Landing. In the sum- 
mer of 1862 he accepted a commission as surgeon of the Ninety-ninth Indiana 
Volunteer Regiment and served as such until the close of the war. The last year 
of his service he was detailed for hospital work principally at Marietta, Geor<na 
and Alexandria, Va. He served as president of St. Joseph Valley District Medical 
Society, composed of the counties of Elkhart, St. Joseph and La Porte of Indi- 
ana, and Cass and Berrien counties, Mich. His papers were always amoncr the 
best read before the medical society, and many of them were published in the 
leading medical journals of the county. He was a talented writer and a very 
forcible and expressive speaker. In 1872 his name was very favorably mentioned 
as a candidate for congress, but he felt unable to afford the expense necessary for 
the uncertain race and therefore declined the proposed honor. He was a leading 
Republican and represented his county in the legislature from 1870 to 1874, with 
distinction, his services being publicly indorsed by a re-election. Following this 
he devoted his time to his profession and to the farming Interest, continuing this 
until his death in December, 1888. He was twice married, bis last wife being Mrs. 
S. E. Kennedy, a daughter of the Hon. Milo Smith, of Mississippi. Two sons and 
a daughter survive. 

Charles M. Butterworth, M. D., the youngest son, like his illnstrious father, has 
selected the medical profession as his calling in life, and is one of the younger 
elements of our prominent, energetic and influential citizens, and one of the popu- 
lar physicians of South Bend. He was bom at Mishawaka, Ind., July 8, 1866, and 
his first scholastic training was received in the public schools of that place. Later 
he was a pupil of his aunt, Miss Carrie V. Sherwood, of his native town, and then 
studied for a year in the office of his father and Dr. J. B. Green. After this he 
entered the Medical College of Ohio, remained in the same three years, and in Sep- 
tember, 1889, he located in South Bend for the practice of his profession, and has 
remained here ever since. In politics he supports the platform of the Republican, 
party. He is a member of the St. Joseph Medical Society and in 1891 was vice- 
president of the same. He is also a member of the National Association, and for 
three years has been county physician for the poor of Portage, German and Clay 
townships, also physician to St. Joseph Hospital and the County Asylum. 

Georoe W. LonoHM.iN. The name of Loughman is one of the mo.st influential 
in South Bend, Ind., and is one of the most respected by the community. Mr. 
Loughman deserves special notice for his public spirit and energy, and is at present 
the most efficient secretary and treasurer of the Sandage Steel Skein Company, of 
that city. He was mayor of South Bend for some time, and very ably and efficiently 
did he conduct the affairs of the city during his incumbency. He was born at Browns- 
ville, Ohio, December 25, 1846, and is a son of David and Elizabeth (Martin) Lough- 
man, natives of the Keystone State. The father died in 1846, about three months 



82 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAFHICAL 

prior to the birth of our subject, and the mother died at Brownsville, Ohio, in 1877. 
George W. Loughman, the youngest oE five children, passed his boyhood and youth 
on a farm, received a commoa-school education, and when seventeen years of age 
donned his suit of blue, shouldered his musket and enlisted in Company G, Thirty- 
second Ohio Volunteer Infantry, serving nearly two years. He was in all the engage- 
ments of the Atlanta campaign in which his regiment participated, was with Sherman 
to the sea, and through the Carolinaa and Virginia. He was discharged at the close 
of the war and mustered out at Louisville, Ky. Returning home he remained there 
for about three months, and then came to St. Joseph county, Ind., locating at 
Mishawaka. He clerked for the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Eailroad com- 
pany, and later was appointed to an agency for the company, holding that position 
for about three years. He then came to South Bend as the company's cashier, and 
held that position for about slk years. In 1880 he represented that railroad copi- 
pany in the stockyards at Chicago for six months, after which he returned to South 
Band as the company's agent, and continued as such for nine years. Altogether, 
he was in the employ of this company for twenty-three years, and then resigned to 
engage in manufacturing and his present pursuits. He has been treasurer of the 
Sandage Steel Skein Company ever since his connection with the same. In politics 
he is a Republican, and was elected two terms to the city council. In 1882 he was 
elected mayor, and his services were publicly endorsed by re-election in 1884. In 
his re-election, while the city was from two to three hundred Democratic, he received 
a majority of more than 600 votes, thus attesting his popularity as a citizen and an 
'official. Socially, he is a Knight Templar in the Masonic fraternity. South Bend 
Commandery, No. 13, Crusade Lodge, No. 14, also a K. of P. , Auten Post, No. 14, 
& G. A. R. A charter member of the South Bend Building & Loan Association, he 
has been its president since its organization. This is one of the oldest in north 
Indiana, and one of the most successful in the State. In his religious views Mr. 
Loughman is a member of the Grace Methodist Episcopal Church. In the year 
1868 he was married to Miss Martha Chandler, of Mishawaka, Ind. , and one daugh- 
ter has been born to this union : Edith B. , now Mrs. Osborn Miller, who resides at 
Three Rivers, Mich. 

Jacob H. Reameb. Mr. Reamer, president of the Sandage Steel Skein company, 
of South Bend, Ind., was born in North Liberty, St. Joseph Co., Ind., October 16, 
1852, and possesses that independent spirit, that enterprise, push and industry 
necessary for a successful business career. His parents, Henry and Abigail 
(Liggett) Reamer, were natives of the Keystone State and Ohio, respectively, and 
made their home there for many years. The father was born near Newport, Penn. , 
in 1818, and the mother was born in Ohio in 1823. The former learned the saddler's 
trade in his native State, and worked at the same until his marriage, when he began 
farming. Later he moved to St. Joseph county, Ind., and there his death occurred 
in 1891. His wife is still living, resides on the old homestead in this county, where 
they settled in 1843, and enjoys comparatively good health. The youthful days of 
our subject were passed on his father's farm and in the common schools, where he 
received a good practical education. Feeling the need of a better education he 
entered Northern Indiana College, where he remained for some time, and then 
branched out as an educator, teaching the young idea for about three years. He 
began his career as an instructor when eighteen years of age, taught during the 
winter months and worked on the farm during the summer. When twenty-one 
years of age he began his career as a business man, first as clerk in a grocery 
store owned by G. W. Buffum, South Bend, Ind. Two years later he and J. E. 
Williams (a brother-in law), bought the stock of Mr. Buffum and continued the 
business until 1890, when he sold out to his partner. He is one of the originators 
of the Sandage Steel Skein Company, which was established in 1885, and is now the 
most efiBcient president of the same. This company employs seventy skilled work- 
men and is doing a prosperous business. Mr. Reamer is just in the prime of life. 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 83 

and the high reputation he has always borne, together with his wide acquaintance in 
business and social circles, serves to stamp him as a gentleman with whom business 
relations must be pleasant and profitable to all concerned. He was married in 1874, 
to Miss Mabel Williams, a native of St. Joseph county, this State, and two children 
have been given them: Sumner, now sixteen years of age, and Florence Ann, four 
years of age. In politics Mr. Reamer is an uncompromising Republican, as was 
his father before him, aud socially he is a member of the Maccabees. He is one of 
the honorable, upright citizens of the city, and possesses excellent business qualifica- 
tions and good habits. His parents were early and prominent members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. His paternal grandfather was a native of Germany, 
and was one of three brothers who emigrated to the United States at a very early 
date and settled in Pennsylvania. There his death occurred. 

Wilson Slabaugh. Prominent among the early pioneers of Elkhart county, Ind., 
were the Slabaughs, who were descendants of a prominent German family and inher- 
ited all the thrift and enterprise characteristic of the Teutonic element. The great 
great-grandfather of our subject, William H. Slabangh, was born in Alsace, Ger- 
many, was married there to Miss Elizabeth , and five children were bom to 

them: John, Christian, George, Philip and Maria, all of whom grew to mature 
years in the old country, but finally emigrated to the "land of the free." The 
father lived to be ninety-nine and the mother one hundred years of age. The five 
children, thinking to better their condition, emigrated to America and settled in 
Lancaster county, Penn. , at a very early date. There they married and reared 
families and received their final summons. The great-grandfather of our sutject 
was George, who married in Pennsylvania a Miss Rosina Eshleman, who was also 
born in the Fatherland, but who came to this country with her parents when butseven 
years of age. The following children were bom to thia union: John, Jacob, Lewis 
and Christian. The youngest of these children, Christian, the grandfather of our 
subject, was married in Pennsylvania to Miss Nancy Rhodes, a daughter of Henry 
Rhodes, who was of German birth and an early pioneer of Pennsylvania. Thirteen 
children were the fruits of this union, and the most of them were reared in Colum- 
biana county, Ohio, whither the family had moved at an early date. In the Buck- 
eye State the father died at the age of fifty- three and the mother at the age of sixty- 
five. They were well-to-do people and highly respected. Up to the last generation 
the Slabaughs were all farmers and prominent in their calling. The children of the 
last mentioned couple were named as follows: Christian (father of subject), Elias, 
John, Amos, George, a farmer in Union township ; Henry, Isaac, Fianna, the wife 
of Solomon Berlin of the county (see sketch); Julia, wife of Josiah Berlin; Mary, 
wife of Patrick Richmond, who died in the late war, and later the wife of P. S. 
Hare, of Nappanee; Elizabeth, married Henry Eby, of Locke township, this county; 
Lucy, wife of L. Miller (deceased), subsequently married William Rosenberger, of 
Nappanee; and Samuel, died in Ohio, when yonng. Christian, the second child 
and the father of our subject, was born in Lancaster county, Perm. , and when seven 
years of age was brought by his parents to Ohio, growing to manhood on his father's 
farm in that State. When twenty-nine years of age he married Miss Sophia Wal- 
ters, a native of Wayne county, Ohio, born in 1833, and the daughter of Henry and 
Rebecca (Witmyer) Walters. Thirteen children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Wal- 
ters and named as follows: Enoch, Jacob, David, Sophia, Abraham, Samuel, Eli, 
Rebecca, Fannie, John, Joseph, Henry and Catherine. All these children are liv- 
ing with the exception of Rebecca and Fannie, and all married and reared families 
except the latter, who died young. After marriage Christian Slabangh and wife 
emigrated to Elkhart county, Ind. This was in 1854 and they settled on the farm 
where they now live. Mr. Slabangh had only enough money to buy eighty acres 
and for many years he and wife were obliged to economize in every way. They 
experienced all the hardships and trials of the early settlers but brighter days were 
before them. Their children, three in number, were bom in Ohio. The eldest. 



84 PICTORIAL A^D BIOGRAPHICAL 

Lydia, was born August 5, 1849, became the wife of J. W. Albin, of Union town- 
ship (see sketch). Wilson (subject), the second in order of birth, was born in Sep- 
tember, 2, 1851, in Portage county, and Franklin, born February 22, 1853, 
died when fifteen years of age. The house in which all the children were born is 
still standing in Portage county, Ohio, and is an old landmark, now over one him- 
dred years old and built on the Western Keserve. Christian Slabaugh and wife are 
still living on the old home place and are much respected by all favored with their 
acquaintance. Although well advanced in years they have not given np the active 
duties of life and the father still carries on the old farm. He has ever been inter- 
ested in the progress and improvement of the county and is a good citizen and pub- 
lic-spirited man. For the past four years Wilson Slabaagh, the subject of this 
sketch, has made his home in Nappanee, and is the only one of the family who has 
branched out from the beaten track of agricultural pursuits. He is at present a 
member of the firm of Walters & Slabaugh, which is doing a thriving business in 
lumber and the saw and planing mill business in this town. Mr. Slabaugh was 
only two years old when they moved to Elkhart county, and he was reared in the 
woods of Union township and attended the schools of the neighborhood. He ob- 
tained a good business education, which he has applied to a good purpose, and 
assisted his father on the farm until 1880, when he started out to till the soil for 
himself. After following this occupation until 1887 he came to Nappanee and 
embarked in the lumber business, which has since grown to large proportions. 
He first began by burning charcoal and after following this successfully for some 
time, engaged in the lumber business with Mr. Jacob Walters. They are now doing 
a good business and are wide-awake, enterprising business men. Mr. Slabaugh 
takes a deep interest in church matters, and in politics is a Prohibitionist, although 
formerly a Democrat. Public spirited and warm hearted, he has a vast number of 
friends. On December 15, 1882, he married Miss Amanda A. Bechtel, a native 
of Elkhart county, Ind., born November 16, 1860, and one of nine children born to 
Daniel and Sarah (Neiter) Bechtel. To Mr. and Mrs. Slabaugh have been bom 
five children, all sons, as follows: Floyd B., Franklin E., Daniel W., Chris E. 
and John W. Mr. and Mrs. Slabaugh attend the Methodist Episcopal Church and 
are classed among the leading people of Nappanee. 

Fredrick W. Mueller. It is universally conceded that the distribution of food 
products constitutes the most important factor in the long list of a city's industries, 
and, such being the case, the grocer must be accorded the palm as the most 
important contributor to the development of this fact, his wares covering almost 
every article of daily consumption known to man. This branch of mercantile 
activity is ably represented in South Bend, Ind., by the popular and well appointed 
establishment of Mr. Fredrick W. Mueller, located at 139, South Michigan street 
Mr. Mueller was born in Jefierson county, Wis., October 2, 1853, and is a son of 
John M. and Elizabeth B. (Meyer) Mueller, natives of Bavaria, Germany. The 
father was born June 22, 1822, and first set foot upon American soil in 1847. 
For about six months he made his home in South Bend, but in 1848 he went to 
Jefferson county. Wis., where he passed the remainder of his days, dying in 1881. 
He was a farmer for many years, but was also engaged in many business enter- 
prises, and at the time of his death was in the hotel business at the county seat of 
Jefferson county. His wife was born in 1822 and now resides at Jefferson, Wis. 
Fredrick W. Mueller, the eldest of five living children, supplemented a common- 
school education by two terms in the North Western University at Watertown, 
Wis. , and subsequently began learning the harness makers' trade in the shop of 
Charles Weiss, at Jefferson, Wis. Later he was in the harness makers' business 
at De Pere, Wis., and in 1872 came to South Bend, Ind., where he followed his 
trade for one year. In the spring of 1874 he entered the employ of Louis Nickel, 
and continued with him until 1880, when he engaged in the grocery business for 
himself at his present place of business. He has made hosts of friends in con- 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 85 

sequence of his ability and integrity, and justly merits the abundance of success 
that has attended his well-directed efforts. He was married in 1880 to Miss Anna 
M. Sack, a native of South Bend and the daughter of Dr. J. C. Sack, who came here 
about 1851. Four children have been the result of this union: Edward C. M. , 
Thekle E. , Gretchen E. and Grertrude. In politics Mr. Mueller is a Democrat, 
and socially he is a member of Kobert Blum Lodge, No. 287, I. O. O. F., Koyal 
Arcanum, A. O. U. W. and South Bend Turner. He is one of the most thorough- 
going, enterprising business men of the city. 

Noah Eensbeegek, dealer in general merchandise at Walkerton, is an intelligent 
man of affairs and his establishment is well stocked with all necessary articles 
required by the farmers and townspeople in his section of the county. He is a prod- 
uct of Holmes county, Ohio, where he first saw the light of day on the 4th of 
March, 1854, his parents, Jacob and Anna (Schaffer) Kensberger, being also natives 
of the Buckeye State, although of German descent. The paternal grandfather was 
a soldier in the Continental Army during the war of the Eevolution. Jacob Kens- 
berger was successfully engaged in farming the greater portion of his life, and fol- 
lowed that calling in Ohio until his removal, in 1857, to St. Joseph county, Ind. 
He took up his residence on a farm in the vicinity of Lakeville, but subsequently 
removed to Walkerton, where he was called from this life in 1874. His wife died the 
same day of the firing on Fort Sumter. The following are the children born to this 
worthy couple: Mose, of Lakeville, Indiana; Elizabeth, wife of Henry Hoover; 
Mary, wife of F. G. Conrad; Sarah, wife of Edson Spencer; Eli, of Walkerton, and 
Noah, who is the youngest of the family. The latter was an infant when his parents 
came to St. Joseph county, Ind., and in the public schools of this section he 
received his education. When his father located in Walkerton he entered the store 
of T. J. Wolfe, where he remained as a clerk for seventeen years, never being away 
from the post of duty more than two weeks during the entire time, that absence being 
caused by the untimely death of his estimable wife. He was faithfulness itself to the 
interests of his employer, and during this long period of clerical work, he obtained a 
thorough insight into the business, which proved of great benefit to him when he 
came to open his present establishment, to which many of his old customers followed 
him and now give him a fair share of their patronage and support. In December, 
1891, he opened his present house and now has one of the neatest and best stocked 
stores in the town. His strict integrity is well known, and this, with his genial and 
accommodating ways, have been the means of building up his present extensive pat- 
ronage. He was first married to Martha Ake, who died after bearing her husband 
three children, two of whom are living : Delbert and Edna. His second union was 
to Miss Mary Scoles, who lived but six days after their marriage. His present wife 
was Miss Anna Faulkner, of North Liberty, to whom has been given one child: 

. Mr. Rensberger has passed through many trials and disappointments, but 

pluck and untiring energy have conquered adverse fortime, and he now finds himself 
embarked on a smooth sea with the wind and tide in his favor. Politically he is a 
stanch Republican. 

E. J. VixcENT. The furniture trade of Walkerton is ably represented by Mr. 
Vincent, who deals in a fine class of goods, sells it at reasonable prices, and has 
gained an excellent reputation for just methods. He is a native of Mishawaka, Ind., 
where he was born on the 19th of August, 1846, to Benjamin H and Betsey (Ellis) 
Vincent, the former a native of England and the latter of Ohio. The father came to 
the United States at the age of twenty years, and from the city of New York, where he 
landed, removed at once to St. Joseph, Mich., thence to Mishawaka, and from there 
to South Bend. Having served a seven years' apprenticeship at the cabinet maker's 
trade in his native land, he worked at the same in Mishawaka and South Bend for a 
number of years, but in 1848 removed to the farm now occupied by Alexander Vin- 
cent, a brother of the subject of this sketch. There were 120 acres in the place at 
the time of his purchase, and being its third owner the place was fairly well 



86 PICTORIAL AJS'D BIOGRAFHICAL 

improved, there being a good frame dwelling house on it, and twelve or thirteen 
acres of cleared land. Of this place he made a valuable and finely improved farm in 
a comparatively short time, through earnest and persistent efforts, but his last days 
were spent in the town of Walkerville, where he was called from this life in January, 
1883. His widow and five of the seven children born to him survive him, the names 
of the latter being : E. J. ; Louisa, wife of T. H. Daugherty ; Alexander ; Albert , 
and Martha, wife of Franklin Fischer. E. J. Vincent remained with his parents on 
the farm until he was twenty-three years of age, and although his educational advan- 
tages were very limited he secured a practical knowledge of carpentering. He made 
a study of "Hatfield's House Carpentering," after which he began working by the 
day. From 1869 to 1876 he was engaged in the various occupations of railroading, 
milling, clerking and contracting in house carpentering, and on November 28, 1876, 
in company with a partner, he opened a furniture store in Walkerton, and has since 
devoted his attention to this business. The first room in which they displayed their 
stock was 20x35 feet, with workshop above. They now occupy a fine building 
40x75 feet, which Mr. Vincent himself erected, and a great deal of the stock is of 
Mr. Vincent's own manufacture. He keeps a reliable line of goods and as it is well 
known that he believes in fair dealing, he has a liberal patronage. He filled the 
position of town treasurer for two terms, has been a member of the school board, 
in which he has held all the oflBces from secretary to president, and in various other 
ways he has interested himself in the affairs of his section. He is a member of the 
A. F. & A. M., the K. of P. and politically is a Eepublican. In July, 1869, he 
was married to Rebecca S. Woodward, by whom he has six children: Clyde, Walter, 
Edna, Arthur, Elliott, and Raymond, who is the eldest. Mr. and Mrs. Vincent are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

E. I. LEreoLE. The city of South Bend offers excellent opportunities for the 
contractor and builder, and one of the leading representatives in this line of business 
is E. I. Leibole, whose home has been at Walkerton, this county, since 1875. As a 
practical mechanic in all kinds of wood- work, scroll-sawings and wood turning, he 
is an expert, and his reputation in this regard has not been confined to the imme- 
diate vicinty in which he lives, but has extended all over the county. He also man- 
ufactures and sells bee supplies; also all kinds of ladders. He was bom in Stark 
County, Ohio, February 9, 1837, to Daniel and Catherine (Richards) Leibole, who 
were bom in Pennsylvania and New York respectively, and were of German descent. 
The father was a worthy "son of the soil," and in his youth was taken by his 
adopted parents to Stark county, Ohio, and is now a resident of Akron. His wife bore 
him a large family of thirteen children, as follows: Ernest L , Eliza, Samuel, Henry, 
Hjram, Nancy, Elizabeth, Frank and Mattie, living; remainder deceased: William, 
who was wounded in battle at Chattanooga, and died from the effects of his wounds, 
at which time he held the rank of lieutenant; Jacob, who was wounded at the battle 
of Chickamauga, died from its effects; Daniel was killed in a railroad accident; and 
a sister who died unnamed. E. L Leibole lived on a farm in Stark county, Ohio, 
until twenty years of age, during which time he attended the district schools and 
Mount Union Seminary, but, in 1856, he removed to Elkhart, Ind., where he fol- 
lowed carpentering and teaching school until the opening of the Civil war, in 1861, 
and in the early part of that year his name could be found on the rolls of Company K, 
Seventy- fourth Indiana Volunteers, but he was subsequently discharged from this 
regiment, and for some time was in the secret service. After quitting this he helped 
to recruit the One Hundred and Fifty-second Regiment, in which he held the commis- 
sion of first lieutenant. While in the service he had his right thumb shot off and re- 
ceived two other slight wounds. After his return home from the war he engaged in 
contracting, and evidences of his handiwork are visible in many of the towns within a 
radius of thirty or forty miles — notably in South Bend, where he helped to build many 
of the leading houses there when its first boom was on. In Walkerton he remodeled 
and rebuilt the " Knott Flouring Mill;" also the principal business houses here as 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 87 

well. He built a handsome church for the Presbyterians at Union Mills, and 
wherever this kind of work is to be done Mr. Leibole is sure to be called upon. 
For all kinds of " jig " or scroll-work and wood-cntting, he is amply prepared at his 
thoroughly equipped shop in Walkerton. He employs during the season from six 
to twelve hands, and is prepared on short notice to furnish plans and specifications 
as well as furnish material, and is at all times able to give satisfactory references 
that his work wLU be done according to contract. In 1866 he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Mary J. Antrim, and their union has resulted in the birth of the fol- 
lowing children: Ida, Frank, Lola, Milton D., Bertha, Vesta and Leger. Mr. 
Leibole is a member in good standing of the I. O. O. F., and also belongs to the 
G. A. E. 

Geoege J. RocKSTROH. The question of food supplies is one of the first with 
which the human family have to grapple, and viewing the competition from a 
commercial standpoint it will be admitted that the well-appointed grocery establish- 
ment furnishes the largest share toward the solution of the problem of feeding 
the masses. "The food we eat" is a vitally important question, and one that 
concerns the health and happiness of every man, woman and child. One of the 
finest appointed grocery stores in the city of South Bend, is that conducted under 
the firm title of L. Nickel Jr. & Co., and of which Mr. Rockstroh is a member. 
Born in South Bend, Ind., September 12, 1855, Mr. Rockstroh has ever shown 
mach interest in the improvement and advancement of his native city, and is a 
reliable, wide-awake business man. He comes of German parentage, his father 
and mother, Casper and Elizabeth (Zeitler) Rockstroh, being natives of the Father- 
land. Casper Rockstroh was born in 1827, and crossed the ocean at an early date. 
He settled in South Bend when the city was in its infancy, and followed the 
occupation of a baker and grocer. He was the founder of the extensive business 
now conducted under the firm name of L. Nickel, Jr., & Co., and was highly 
esteemed, both as a business man and citizen. He died in South Bend in 1867. 
His wife was bom about 1833 and still resides in South Bend. George J. Rock- 
stroh, the younger of two children bom to his parents, was educated in the common 
schools and at an early age learned the baker's trade of his father. Later he 
engaged in the grocery business, and when twenty-one years of age branched out in 
business for himself, becoming a member of the present firm. This is one of the 
most extensive retail groceries in north Indiana, and is provided with every con- 
venience for business purposes and contains one of the finest lines of fancy and 
staple groceries to be found in the city. The members of the firm are men of 
energy and uprightness, and have won success by honestly deserving it. Mr. 
Rockstroh selected his life companion in the person of Miss Emma Muessel, a native 
of South Bend, Ind., and their nuptials were celebrated in that city in 1878. One 
child, Louis H. , has been born to this union. An ardent Democrat in his political 
views, Mr. Rockstroh has ever advocated the principles of his party. He is one 
of the city's representative citizens, and a shrewd, far-seeing business man. 

Calvebt H. Defbees, contractor and dealer in paving material, sewer connec- 
tion, sewer pipe, etc., and also manufacturer of artificial stone, is one of the busiest 
men in South Bend, and owing to the promptness in meeting the demands upon his 
time, and his strict honesty in his dealings, he has prospered financially. He is a 
product of the city in which he lives, which has every reason to be proud of his indus- 
trious and hoQorable career, his birth occurring to Joseph H. and Sarah (Calvert) 
Defrees, in 1859, his parents being still residents of South Bend. His boyhood was 
spent here, and during the time that he was a student in the public schools he 
made fair progress in his studies. He has for some time been engaged in his pres- 
ent occupation, which is proving not only profitable but also congenial, and owing 
to the thorough knowledge which he has acquired of his work, his patronage is 
large. In 1878 he was united in marriage to Miss Ella Curl of South Bend, 
daughter of Joseph and Mary Curl, but in 1883 this estimable lady was called from 



88 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

life, having borne lier husband two children: Grace E. and Joseph W. After 
remaining a widower for two years Mr. Defrees led to the altar Miss Mary S. Brown 
of Michigan, a daughter of D. G. and Dorsey (Robinson) Brown, who were bom in 
England. They removed from Yorkshire, England, to the United States about 
1851, and took up their residence in the Lake State, where their daughter, Mrs. 
Defrees, was born in 1858. Mr. Defrees' second union has resulted in the birth of 
the following children: Victor W., Frank C. and Dorsey I. Mrs. Defrees is a 
member of the Episcopal Church, and is a lady of much intelligence, refinement and 
genuine kindness of heart. Mr. Defrees is proud to c<dl himself a Eepublican, and 
supports the measures of this party at all elections. SociaUy, he is a member of 
the Royal Arcanum, and is also an honored member in that worthy order — the K. 
P. He is an expert paver, for he has spent most of his life at this business, and 
many of the fine streets of South Bend are the products of his skill. 

Emanctel R. Wills. South Bend, Ind. , has no more highly honored citizen within 
its corporate limits that he whose name heads this sketch, and ever since his 
residence here he has been prominent in all good works and has made a host of 
friends by his correct mode of living. He owes his nativity to York county, Penn., 
where he was bom October 1, 1840, to Lewis and Magdaline (Fleshman) Wills, 
worthy and prominent people of York county. Emanuel E. Wills was ambitions 
of increasing his worldly possessions and for this purpose turned his face westward, 
and March, 1865, found him in Indiana. His youthful advantages for acquiring an 
education were exceedingly limited, but he possessed natural abilities of an excellent 
order, and such opportunities as he did receive were made the most of. He 
received competent instruction in the art of agricultuie on his father's farm in Penn- 
sylvania, but this occupation did not suit his tastes and he wisely decided to devote 
his life to some other more congenial occupation. Upon coming to South Bend he 
began clerking in a dry goods store, after which he opened a grocery store on his 
own account, which he conducted for about five years, at the end of which time he 
discontinued the business and once more resumed his clerical duties in a dry goods 
establishment. In 1882 he was elected to the position of city treasurer, and so ably 
did he fill this office for two years that in 1884 he was elected on the Democratic 
ticket, which he had always supported, to the office of county treasurer, which he 
held by re-election two terms of two years each. He made a heau ideal public 
officer, being faithful, efficient and courteous, and in 1891 was appointed county 
assessor by the county commissioners, which office he held to the end of his term. 
In 1874 he married Margaret Coquillard, daughter of Benjamin and Sophia Coquil- 
lard, and their union has resulted in the birth of five children, the eldest of whom 
died in infancy. The others are Leo, Edmond, Florentine and Adele. Mr. and 
Mrs. Wills are members of the Catholic Church. 

William D. Rockhill is one of those thrifty and energetic farmers for which 
St. Joseph county, Ind., has become well known, and in the conduct of his affairs 
has shown good judgment and business foresight. He was born in Ohio on the 
30th day of July, 1823, but his worthy parents, William and Elizabeth (Dobbins) 
Rockhill, were natives of New Jersey, from which State they removed to Lebanon, 
WaiTen Co., Ohio, about 1805, at which time both were about twenty years of age. 
The father was a practical mechanic and for some time worked with a Mr. Peacock, 
the manufacturer of the Peacock plow, but after removing to Lebanon, Ohio, he 
began manufacturing plows on his own responsibility and made various valuable 
improvements to the Peacock plow. About the year 1825 he removed with his 
family and personal eileots to Lexington, Ky., and there for about twelve years he 
employed from eight to twelve men in the manufacture of his plows and did a profit- 
able business. About that time he almost loss his sense of hearing and for that 
reason decided to change his business, and anticipating the fact that slavery would 
cause trouble in Kentucky he decided to take up his residence in St. Joseph county, 
Ind. ; and after arriving in this section in the fall of 1836 he at once turned his 



MEMOIRS OF lyDIAifA. 89 

attention to farming, but unfortunately did not live long enough to perfect his 
plans, for in 1841 he was taken sick with erysipelas from which he died. His was 
said to be the tirstcase of the kiod in St. Joseph county. He was of English descent, 
a man of admirable principles and his death was felt as a personal loss by the 
citizens of his section. His widow survived him until 1854, at which time she also 
paid the last debt of nature. She bore her husband four daughters and two sons, 
all of whom grew to maturity. AVilliam D. was their third child and until about 
thirteen years of age the most of his life was spent in Kentucky, in which State all 
his schooling was received. After the death of his father he carried on the home farm 
until he was twenty-nine years of age. In 1852 he married Miss Sarah Keeley, who 
was born in Ohio and died October 30, 1890, being a daughter of Daniel and Khoda 
Keeley, who were natives of the Buckeye State and became residents of St. Joseph 
county about 1845. To Mr. Rockhill and his wife four children have been born, 
three living: Daniel K., Thomas J. and Hannah E., wife of Edward F. Voght; 
and Newton J., who died when an infant. Mr. Rockhill is a member of the Grange, 
and is one of the successful farmers of the county. In 1876 he was elected one of 
the commissioners of St. Joseph county, in which capacity he served six consecutive 
years and in 1892 was elected county assessor. He was one of the organizers of the 
St. Joseph County Agricultural Society, of which he was one of the directors, and 
also the Farmer's Mutual Fire Insxirance Company. He cast his first presidential 
vote for Henry Clay, but since 1872 has strongly opposed the Republican party. 
He resides just outside the city limits of South Bend, on a twelve-acre tract where he 
has a very comfortable and neat residence. Besides this property he also owns two 
farms in Warren township, both of which are under cultivation and well improved. 
He has been an active worker for the good of his section and is ever ready to assist 
in the advancement of the best interests of his State and country. 

Michael Augustine is the owner of a valuable farm of 360 acres nine miles west 
of South Bend, and a fine little tract of fifteen acres near the city limits. He is one 
of the oldest residents of the county. He is a son of Michael and Hannah (Hook) 
Augustine, who were natives of Germany. He was born in the old country, March 
7, 1814. In order to accumulate a competency and make a home for their children, 
his parents braved an ocean voyage in a sailing vessel and came to this country. 
They settled in Pennsylvania, remaining there about twelve years, and from there 
they moved to Ohio, and in 1838 came to St. Joseph county, but after a residence 
of two years went to Iowa, where they died at an advanced age. The father was a 
successful farmer. Michael Augustine, the subject of this sketch, removed to Ohio 
with his parents, where he remained until his marriage to Nancy Moss, which occurred 
in that State in 1836. They then came to St. Joseph county, Ind., and began clear- 
ing up a farm in Warren township. From this marriage were born ten children. 
The eldest, Mrs. Cornelius Wykoff, is a resident of Iowa. The eldest son, John, 
resides in Kansas, and the remaining seven living are all prosperous farmers and 
residents of St. Joseph county. Mr. Augustine held the one strong idea that when 
young and in the full possession of health and vigor was the time to prepare for rest 
and ease in old age, therefore, as his children became grown and were ready to settle 
in life he helped each one to a farm and placed them in a position to help them- 
selves, and it is his pride to look around on his children and know that not one has 
disappointed him. Ooe daughter, Mrs. Kate Line, died in 1870. Mr. Augustine 
has been twice married. The maiden name of his present wife was Mary Ritter, 
who was born in Ohio in 1820. She was a daughter of Jacob and Sarah (Witter) 
Ritter, who came from Virginia to this State and county in its early settlement. To 
this marriage two children have been born, one of whom died in its infancy. The 
remaining one, a daughter, is the wife of Francis Dunn, of St. Joseph countv. 
Seventeen years ago Mr. Augustine left the farm and moved to where he now resides, 
in the vicinity of South Bend. Here he is very comfortably situated, and bv all 
that know him is considered one of the prosperous German- American citizens of the 



90 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

county and an honorable and upright man. He has always been a hard worker, 
and as a result, is in affluent circumstances. Upon first coming to this section of 
Indiana the Indians were numerous and the country was but little settled. He has 
witnessed many changes daring his residence here; the gradual dying out of the 
Indians, and the transformation of the wilderness into fine farms and thrifty towns 
and cities. He has interested himself in the welfare of his adopted country, and 
schools and churches have especially found in him a liberal patron. He and his 
wife are members of the German Baptist Church, and he has always been a stanch 
Republican. His first presidential vote was cast for William Henry Harrison. 

Robert D. O. Rupel, retail lumber dealer. South Bend. In the various enter- 
prises that have made South Bend an important commercial center in this section of 
the State, the lumber trade has held an important place, employing large capital in 
its conduct, and giving to cognate industries a decided impetus by the energy and 
ability displayed in its development. One of the most active and enterprising of 
men engaged in this line of trade is Robert D. O. Rupel, whose place of business 
is eligibly located at 602 East Jefferson street, South Bend, Ind. He has met with a 
success simply commensurate with the abilities he has displayed and the highest prin- 
ciples and moral business methods which formed the corner-stone of his earliest busi- 
ness career. He was born in St. Joseph county in 1853, and is a son of Jacob P. and 
Ann M. (Stover) Rupel, who are substantial and honored citizens of the county. 
Robert D. O. Rupel was reared on a farm, and while tilling the soil learned the 
truth of the old saying that "There is no excellence vrithout great labor," and 
accordingly he has never hesitated to put his hand to anything he could find to do, 
and thus his efforts have been prospered. He became a resident of South Bend in 
1880, and since that time has followed his present occupation with good results. 
Upon settling in life he took for his wife Miss Anna O. White, of Michigan, daugh- 
ter of David and Marietta (Sosseman) White, her birth occurring near Akron, Ohio, 
on November 28, 1862. She is an intelligent woman, an admirable wife and a kind 
and accommodating neighbor. Mr. Rupel's mother died in 1862, but his father is 
still living and is a resident of this county. 

Louis Nickel. Louis Nickel, Jr., son of Louis and Eva (Dietz) Nickel, was born 
April 13, 1846, in Bavaria. When Louis was eight years old his mother died, and 
two years later the boy's father, Louis Nickel, decided to take his two children and 
try his fortune in America. In 1857 they took passage at Havre, France, on the 
sailing vessel "Exchange," and after a voyage of thirty-five days they landed in 
New York City. The father being a talented musician employment was found which 
enabled them to remain for several years in the city. He at one time was with Gil- 
more' s famous band, and later on a member of Theodore Thomas' splendid orchestra. 

Louis Jr. received most of his schooling before leaving the Fatherland, but 
attended school in New York City about a year, at the same time working, on off 
hours, in a tin shop owned by an uncle. His connection with the tin shop terminated 
under somewhat peculiar circumstances. On one occasion, while wheeling a hand 
cart laden with a half dozen stoves upon the street, the load became too heavy and 
he could go no farther. The police went to the rescue and caused Louis to be taken 
from his uncle, whom they supposed was cruelly using him, repealed the fact that the 
boy had simply over-estimated his physical strength. Louis next engaged himself to 
the paper hanging and window shade business as errand boy, receiving for his serv- 
ices $1. 50 per week. During this period he learned the full value of a penny and 
often knew what hunger meant. After a time a similar position in a rubber manu- 
factory offered an opening and better compensation. Receiving 13 per week, he 
worked faithfully for this firm for three years. Soon after entering the employ of 
this house, his honesty, which had been tested and found sound, was honored by 
unusual trusts. He was given the key to the office and was often sent to the bank 
to deposit sums of money amounting sometimes to as much as S6,000. Errand boy's 
work could not last forever, so he resolved to learn a trade. He now became 



^Bi/OIRS OF lyDIANA. 91 

apprenticed to a firm engaged in the mannfactare of jewelers' tools. The first year 
in this service brought him §1.50 per week; the second year $2, and the third year 
$3. During this apprenticeship he used what spare time could be found in attend- 
ing the Cooper Institute, availing himself of the advantage of the instruction given 
there in mechanical branches. Before securing an entrance into the Cooper Insti- 
tute he was required to present a certificate showing that he was a laboring boy. 
In these days Louis did not know the meaning of pocket money and the stern lea- 
sons in economy continued. At the end of the three years he went to Paterson, N. J. , 
and there secured employment as journeyman in Roger's Locomotive Works. 
Louis Nickel, Sr., some time before, had gone west and located in South Bend, 
Ind. Acting upon the advise and desire of his father, the young man resolved 
to see for himself what the west offered, and came to South Bend, Ind., in 
January, 1870. He was soon engaged as machinist in the Singer Manufactur- 
ing Company. Later he approached T. M. Bissell, of the Oliver & Bissell 
Manufacturing Company, for employment. He was now twenty-three years of age, 
but younger in appearance. Mr. B. asked how mnch experience he had had, and 
when the young man answered " nine years," he was informed that the firm was in 
the habit of employing more experienced men. Louis was not to be dismissed so 
easily and insisted that Mr. B. give him one week's trial, at the end of which time, 
if the work did not prove satisfactory, he was to receive no reward. About this time, 
the reader will remember, the Franco-Prussian war was attracting general attention 
and interest. 

Well, at the end of that trial week Mr. Bissell went to Louis and said: "Are you 
a Prussian or a Frenchman?" the prompt reply was, "I am an American citizen." 
"Then you are all right; come right along to work," said Mr. B. He remained 
In the employ of this firm two and a half years, or until he went into business for 
himself. Mr. Nickel then purchased a half interest in the Rockstroh bakery, his 
associate in business being Mrs. Casper Rockstroh. This partnership lasted until 
he became associated with his present partner, J. G. Rockstroh. In the beginning 
of the bakery enterprise about seventy loaves of bread was the daily product, but 
with increased facilities the present daily output averages 1,500 loaves, besides cakes, 
pies and other baking. Mr. Nickel's firm has a well-appointed and heavily stocked 
grocery store in connection with the bakery and restaurant, employing a large force 
of workmen and clerks, and enjoying an extensive and steadily growing patronage. 
The fame of the Nickel restaurant extends far beyond the boundary limits of South 
Bend, or even Indiana. Mr. Nickel has also gained an enviable reputation as a 
caterer. He is noted for his rare business capacity, his indomitable push and 
energy, his perseverance and industry. Coupled with these are exceptionally 
attractive social qualities that have made his name a household word with thousands 
who have tested the excellence of his viands. Mr. Nickel has taken an active inter- 
est in the Turners' organization, having served as its president two terms, and 
treasurer of the same for a year. He is a stockholder in the Northern Indiana 
Hedge Fence Company. He is identified with several lodges — the A. F. & A. M., 
the Knights Templar, the I. 0. 0. F., being centennial noble grand and a delegate 
to the grand lodge at Indianapolis in 1876. He also holds membei'ship in the Order 
of Elks. In December, 1871, he was united in marriage to Miss Kate Rockstroh. 
Their one child, Louise, recently graduated with marked honors from St. Mary's 
Academy. On January 18, 1893, Gov. Matthews commissioned Mr. Nickel as a 
member of his staff, with the rank of major, in recognition of his sterling qualities 
as a citizen, and his sturdy devotion to the welfare of the commonwealth. This 
high compliment came to Mr. Nickel wholly unsought, and is the first recognition of 
the kind accorded to any South Bender for many years. Those who know the 
gentleman thus honored feel confident that Mr. Nickel will do honor to the position 
and prove a credit to the State. 

Oliver M. Cuuninghaji. South Bend has its fall quota of vigorous, intelligent. 



92 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

■well-posted lawyers, whoae popularity is based upon their thorough understaading 
of the law in all its details and who are forcible and convincing pleaders at the 
bar. None among these is more highly regarded by those who call upon his serv- 
ices than O. M. Cunningham, who wa=i bora in L*pwill, Whitley Co., lad., July 5, 
1861, a son of Jonathan and Eliza (Harvey) Cnnningham, who were of Scotch- 
Irish descent and natives of the State of Pennsylvania. The paternal grandfather, 
Patrick Cunningham, was a native of Ireland, but became an American citizen in an 
early day and participated in the war of 1812, being present at the inglorious 
surrender of Hull at Detroit. He is buried on the Tippecanoe battle ground at 
Tippecanoe, Ind. Jonathan Cunningham removed from Pennsylvania to Newark, 
Ohio, and after residing there a few years took up his residence in Whitley county, 
Ind., then in St. Joseph county, where he was called from life in 1879, his widow and 
five children survive him, the names of the latter being Andrew, Mrs. Ella Moore 
of Lakeville, Oliver M. , Arthur and Emmet. Four children are deceased. O. M. 
Cunningham resided on a farm until ten years of age, then went to live with his 
sister, by whom he was reared. His early education was obtained in the district 
schools and was completed at Valparaiso, Ind. , from which institution he graduated 
in 1881. He began teaching in the district schools at the age of sixteen years, and 
in that way obtained his money with which to further his studies. Immediately 
following this he took up the study of law and graduated from the law department 
of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1888. Owing to the ill health of 
his wife he then went to California, but returned to Indiana in August, 1890, and 
has since been an active legal practitioner of South Bend, and has built up a large 
clientele. His knowledge of his profession is very thorough, and it did not take the peo- 
ple of South Bend and vicinity long to discover this fact. In 1892 he was elected to 
the position of city attorney, in discharging the duties of which ofSce he is proving 
his worth. On September 23, 1892, he was nominated on the Democratic ticket for 
circuit prosecutor, and at the November election, 1892, was elected by a large major- 
ity. He has identified himself with the interests of the county, and is considered a 
decided acquisition to the city. He is a member of the A. F. & A. M. In Janu- 
ary, 1887, he was united in marriage to Miss May HoUer. 

Rev. Amos Bechtel, in addition to looking after the spiritual welfare of his 
fellows, is devoting much of his attention to tilling the soil in Harrison township, of 
• which section he has been a resident for thirty years. He was born in Waterloo county, 
Canada, September 28, 1836, a son of Abraham and Elizabeth (Warner) Bechtel, 
the former of whom owes his nativity to Lancaster county, Penn., being a son of Jacob 
Bechtel, who was a native of that State also, but who became one of the early settlers 
of Canada. He reared eleven children: John, Henry, Jacob, Abraham, Isaac, 
Nancy, Elizabeth, Mary, Hannah, Catherine and Magdalana. Abraham was two 
years of age when taken to Canada, grew up, married and lived there, but in 1863 
came to Elkhart countv, Ind.. and died in 1884, at which time he was eighty-seven 
years of age. He was a member of the German Baptist Church. His wife died in 
Canada in 1863. Of the large family of sixteen children born to this worthy couple, 
twelve are still living: Mary, Nancy, Abraham, William, John, Jacob, Magdaline, 
Noah, Amos, Lydia, Isaac and David. They all grew up in Canada, but a number 
moved to the States. Rev. Amos Bechtel received his education in the district 
schools of Canada, and in his youth became inured to pioneer life, but his early 
struggles taught him self-reliance, energy and thrift. On September 27, 1859, he 
was married to Miss Mary A. Funk, who was born in that section August 24, 
1836, a daughter of Henry and Sarah (Sedcrist) Funk, the former of whom 
was of Buck's county, Penn. He was a son of John Funk, who removed from 
that State to Canada in an early day, but died in Michigan some years since. 
He was married twice, and his first wife was the mother of Mrs. Bechtel, 
whom she left an orphan at the age of nine years. She was one of five 
children: Mary A., John, Samuel, Hannah, and Sarah who died young. The 



ilEJIOIBS OF INDIAS'A. 93 

second marriage resnlted in the birth of five children also: Libbie, Henry, Marcaret, 
Dennis and Stella. Mrs. Bechtel was reared in the woods of Canada, but about thirty 
years ago came to this country with her husband, and with this section they have been 
identified ever since. They are earnest members of the Brethren in Christ 
Church, in which he has been a minister for the past fotirteen years. He is a 
zealous worker for the cause of Christianity and has been since he was thirty years 
of age. He worked by the day in Harrison Center upon first coming to this town- 
ship, but in a few years succeeded in purchasing eighty acres of land, but since 
1885 has owned his farm of ninety-three acres where he is now living. He is a success- 
ful farmer and stcckraiser, and is one of the most prominent of the county's many 
worthy citizens. They have reared eight children and lost two: Leah was born in 
Canada, March 9, 1860, and is the wife of John Stump, living in Union township, 
by whom she has six children: Clara, Charles, Harvey, Vernie, Oscar and Milton; 
Eachel was born in Canada, November 27, 1861, is the wife of Jacob Fulmer, of Con- 
cord township, and has four children: Maude, Walter, Saloma and Truman; Harriet 
was bom in Canada, May 13, 1863, and died in Elkhart county, October 2, 1870; 
Lavina was born in this township, April 16, 1866, is the wife of John Kehr, of Harrison 
township, and has three children: Koscoe, Ray and Dora; Daniel was bom April 
15, 1869, and died August 29, 1875; Mary A., was bom March 10. 1872, and is the 
wife of Samuel Troup, of Jackson township, and has one child: Ralph; Amos F. was 
born December 22, 1873; Dora was born March 12, 1876; Rufus was born April 20, 
1878, and Alpha was bom September 22, 1880. Mr. and Mrs. Bechtel occupy a lead- 
ing position among the citizens of their township, and are among the foremost in all 
good works. They are kind and charitable, generous in the use of their means in 
worthy causes, have been faithful and considerate in their family, and their children 
rise up and call them blessed. About fifteen years ago Mr. Bechtel met with quite 
a serious accident while felling timber in the woods, by the tree falling on his right 
leg, and since then he has been slightly crippled. He and his wife have cheerfully 
borne the bnrden and heat of the day, and are still ready to put their heart in the 
work that is found for them to do. They are a worthy couple in every respect, and 
possess numerous friends. 

J. H. LoDGHMAN is the proprietor of the admirably conducted City Transfer line, 
which business is one of the most convenient to the citizens of South Bend, of any 
establishment there. Among the numerous accessory industries to trade and com- 
merce in all large communities few have received such remarkable development as 
that which has for its object the transfer of freight of all kinds, and Mr. Loughman 
is one of the leading men engaged in this line of work in South Bend. He was born 
in Licking county, Ohio, October 20, 1845, a son of David and Elizabeth (Martin) 
Loughman. James H. was brought up in his native county on a farm, and in the 
district schools in the vicinity of his home he received his education. La 1864 he 
enlisted to fight his connlry's battles, and his name could be found on the rolls of 
Company B, One Hundred and Thirty-fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantiy, and on North 
Mountain, in West Virginia, he was captured by Gen. Jubal Early, and for eleven 
long months was confined in that foul prison-pen, Andersonville, during which time 
he experienced untold hardships and privations. He was released at Jacksonville, 
Fla., at the close of the war, and in 1866 he took up his residence in Mishawaka, lud., 
■ where he worked in the George Wilburn Wagon Factory for three years. He was 
next employed by the Lake Shore & Michigan Southeru Railroad for one year, but 
in 1873 embarked in the transfer business in Mishawaka on a small scale. One year 
later he became a partner in an undertaking and furniture establishment, the firm 
taking the name of Bemhart & Loughman, but at the end of two years he gave up 
this business and came to South Bend, and for one year thereafter was employed by 
the Lake Shore Railroad Company. Since 1878 he has devoted his attention to his 
transfer business, and his business has grown so steadily and rapidly that instead 
of using one team as he did at first, he now has twelve teams and wagons in active 



94 PICTORIAL ASS'D BIOORAPHIOAL 

operation and does an euormoua business. All orders receive his immediate atten- 
tion, and are executed satisfactorily and at moderate rates. He is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, the K. of P., the K. O. T. M., the Tamers' Society, the Order 
of Redmenand the G. A. E., in which he is past commander. He was a Sir 
Knight in the K. O. T. M. one term. lu 1868 he was married to Miss Abbie Cook, 
by whom he has two children: Grace, wife of A. D. Hubbard, and Frederick. 
Mr. Loughman started in life with no capital, but by perseverance he has won the 
battle and can now enjoy the fruits of his industry. 

John Steenberg is one of the leading citizens of Harrison township and for nearly 
forty years has taken an active interest in the affairs of that section and has 
done his full share in making it the fine agricultural region that it is. This sub- 
stantial citizen was born in Dauphin county, Penn., on April 8, 1830, and was the 
eldest of seven children reared by Peter C. and Nancy (Finley) Sternberg, both of 
whom were born in Dauphin coonty, Penn., the former in 1809 and the latter in 1804. 
Peter C. Sternberg was a son of German parents, who came to this country and 
settled in the State of New York, later taking up their residence in Pennsylvania. 
The paternal grandfather was a carpenter by trade and reared a family of three sons 
and four daughters: Jacob, Peter, Henry, Susan, Polly, Lydia and one whose name 
is not known. Peter C. learned the trade of carpenter and followed it aU his life. 
About 1850 he removed to Stark county, Ohio, and in 1858 to Elkhart county, Ind., 
settling on a farm in Harrison township, and in addition to tilling the soil and work- 
ing at his trade, sold pumps. He died in December, 1890, at the age of eighty-one 
years, his wife's death occurring at the age of eighty-two years. They were mem- 
bers of the United Brethren Chnrch and politically he was a stanch Bepublican. 
His wife was much respected by all who knew her and took an active part in church 
work. She was one of three children, Martha being the only one remembered. 
Mrs. Sternberg bore her husband children as follows: John; Mary A., who is the 
widow of John Smith and is living in Baugo township; Jesse C. was a farmer of Con- 
cord township, and has been dead twenty-six years; Nancy, wife of Samuel Powden 
of Concord township; Jacob died in this county in 1880; Benjamin F. is living in 
Harrison township; and Elizabeth, who is the wife of Henry Ipe, resides in Olive 
township and is the mother of eleven children. John Sternberg was a resident of 
the State of his birth until he was nearly twenty years of age and in the subscrip- 
tion and free schools obtained his knowledge of books. When he was old enough 
he was hired out by his father to work on a farm, and followed this calling until 
about eighteen years of age, when he began learning the carpenter's trade with his 
father and at the age of twenty removed with the family to Ohio. In 1855 he went 
to Minnesota but only remained there five or six months, as he did not like the 
country, and returned east as far as Indiana, settling in Elkhart county, where he 
followed his trade until he once more took up farming in 1859. In 1857 he married 
Miss Leah Dillman, who was born in Lancaster county, Penn., on October 22, 1837, 
being one of eleven children born to Jacob and Mary (Young) DiUman, their names 
being as follows: Catherine (Mrs. Wehr), living in Jefferson township; John, who 
died'about thirty-seven years ago; Sarah, who is the widow of David B. Mischler, 
is living in this county; Elizabeth (Mrs. Huffman) is living in Clinton township; 
Keuben is a resident of Harrison township; Mary (Mrs. Luft) lives in this county; 
Leah (Mrs. Sternberg); Molly, who has been dead about twenty-four years, was the 
wife of Daniel Leer of Elkhart township; Samuel, who is living in Elkhart town- 
ship, and two children that died in infancy. The Dillmans are among the early 
pioneers of the county, and Jacob, the father of this family, was bom in Lancaster 
county, Penn. He came of German parents and was a wagon and carriage maker by 
trade, a calling he followed until he came to Ohio. In 1853, he removed from Stark 
county of thar State to Indiana and thereafter was a farmer of Elkhart township 
until "his death in July, 1877. He was a member of the Lutheran Church, was in- 
terested in all church work and held office in the same. Politically he was a Repub- 



MEMOIRS OF INVIAJS^A. 95 

lican, was public-spirited and energetic and reared his children to habits of thrift 
aud industry. His wife was bom in Lancaster county, Penn., in 1799, and died in 
Elkhart county, Ind., in 1854 Mrs. Sternberg was a girl of fifteen years when she 
came with her parents by wagon to Indiana, the journey thithef occupying about 
sixteen days. She attended school in Ohio and in this State also and in 1856 was 
united in marriage with Mr. Sternberg and with him settled on the farm on which 
they now live in 1859. Although they were compelled to work very hard at first 
they gradually got ahead and from time to time increased their landed possessions 
until they are now the owners of 329i acres of finely improved land, which is di- 
vided into three farms, their son Jesse residing on one of 120 acres, of which he 
owns half. Mr. Sternberg is what may be called a self-made man, for what he has 
in the way of worldly goods is the result of his own and his wife's hard work. 
They are the parents of six children: Mary, born November 13, 1857, became the 
wife of Henry Dick, and died October 29, 1884; Loretta E. was born August 22, 
1859, and is the wife of Franklin Burns of Goshen; Jesse, born July 1, 1861, is a 
young farmer of Harrison township, is a Republican in politics, is a pulslic-spirited 
young man and is married to Hattie Snyder, daughter of George Snyder of Elkhart 
township; Benjamin was born March 8, 1863, and died at the age of six weeks; 
Phcebe was bom August 1, 1865; and Harvey, who was bom June 14, 1870, is as- 
sisting his father on the old home place. He is a popular and active young business 
man. Mr. and Mrs. Sternberg are active and worthy members of the Lutheran 
Church, in which he has held the office of trustee and sexton. He is one of the 
most successful agriculturists of the county, is tilling 166 acres of land and is quite 
extensively engaged in raising stock. He has held one township office, has been 
active in the affairs of his section and politically is a Republican. 

C. J. Gaskill, freight agent of the Chicago & Grand Trunk Railway at South 
Bend, Ind. , was born in Battle Creek, Mich. , October 24, 1852, a son of Silas E. 
and Sarah E. (Cox) Gaskill, who were early settlers of Battle Creek. The grand- 
parents were natives of the State of New York, and were of English origin. Silas 
E. Gaskill was a blacksmith and wagon-maker by trade, but in connection with this 
work carried on farming also, in each and all of which occupations he was reasonably 
successful. About 1853 he went to California and located north of San Francisco 
for a number of years. The past ten years he has lived at Campo, San Diego 
county, where he still resides. He was the father of three children: Charles J., the 
subject of this sketch; Henry L., and Mrs. Mary Story of Germantown, Cal. The 
subject of this sketch was taken by hxs parents to California when two years of 
age, and his initiatory schooling was received in that State. When twelve years of 
age he returned to Battle Creek, Mich. , for the purpose of attending school, and 
later in that city and in Galesburg, Mich. , he learned telegraphy. His first position 
was on the Michigan Central, where he remained about one month, and in Septem- 
ber, 1873, he became an employe of the Chicago & Grand Trunk Railroad, then 
called the Peninsula Railway, stationed first at Olivet, Mich. , and later at School- 
craft for four years. While at that place he was married to Miss Oda E. Hatch, by 
whom he has four children: Avis I. ; Olive; Howard and Gladys. He has been a 
resident of South Bend since January, 1879, and after having charge of the ticket 
office of the Chicago & Grand Trunk Railroad, he was promoted to his present 
position, the business having increased so much that they were compelled to put in 
a "ticket man." Mr. Gaskill has made two trips to California since his parents 
moved there, the first trip being made via the Isthmus of Panama, returning the 
same way when twelve years of age. He was in Denver the day the first engine 
was set up to go over the Denver & Bio Grande Narrow Gauge Railroad. Mr. 
Gaskill is one of the organizers and the treasurer of the St Joseph County Loan & 
Savings Association, and being very public spirited is connected with a number of 
other enterprises in the city. He is an intelligent and well-posted man on the various 
topics of the day, and in his position of freight agent is capable, efficient and energetic. 



96 ■ PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

in fact, the right man in the right place, of which fact his employers are well aware. 
H. L. Gaskill, the brother of C. J., is a dealer in cigars, tobacco, etc., at 126 West 
Washington street in South Bend, but was bom in Ukiah, Cal., November 13, 1861. 
When four years of age he was brought to Battle Creek, Mich., where he was reared, 
his education being obtained in the public schools. Brought up on a farm he 
followed tbat occupation until nineteen years of age, when he became an employe on 
the Chicago & Grand Trunk Kailroad as freight cashier at South Bend, Ind., and 
this position filled with credit to himself from August, 1880, till February, 1889, 
when he engaged in his present business, of which his energy, intelligence and 
knowledge of the wants of the public, have made a paying enterprise. He has the 
finest tobacco establishment of the city, deals in all kinds of the weed, and also 
keeps a fine assortment of pipes, tobacco pouches, etc. He is a pushing and enter- 
prising young business man, and is highly regarded in the commercial circles of 
South Bend. He was married in March, 1887, to Miss Mary E., daughter of Samuel 
Bowman of this city. Mr. Gaskill is a member of the South Bend Valley & Gun 
Club, and being of a social and genial disposition is a favorite in society. 

Paul H. Kuktz. The name of this gentleman is a familiar one throughout Elk- 
hart county, Ind., and is synonymous with the saw- mill and farming interests of 
his section. He has been a resident of Harrison township for nearly forty years 
and during this period he has kept his escutcheon untarnished. He was born in 
Stark county, Ohio, on June 18, 1828, being the fourth child bom to Henry and 
Catherine (Loehr) Kurtz, the former being a native of Wurtemburg, Germany, 
where he was born in 1796, lived to be seventy-seven years of age and died in Colum- 
biana, Columbiana Co., Ohio. He remained in his native land until about twenty years 
of age, then became an emigrant to America and took up his residence in Bucks 
county, Penn., where he followed the calling of a school teacher. He was married 
there and there made his home until 1825. when they moved to Pittsburg and in 
1827 to Stark county, Ohio. He was a minister of the Lutheran Church until 1826, 
then changed his doctrine and began expounding the faith of the German Baptist 
Church; which he continued to do until death closed his career. From 1842 he was 
a resident of Columbiana county, Ohio, and in addition to preaching the gospel, he 
also tilled the soil. The old homestead in Ohio is still owned by his son, George 
H. Kurtz. He was successful in a business way, and published a paper called the 
Gospel Monthhj Victor, for some years. This paper he established in 1850 and the 
enterprise is still in existence under the name of the Gospel Messenger. He devoted 
the most of his energies to religious work, was also a patron of education and was 
himself a fine scholar and a polished gentleman, having thorough command of five 
or more different languages. He wielded a widespread influence for good, ever 
supported the cause of justice and right, and as a natural consequence his friends 
were numerous and faithful. His widow survived him until 1884, when she, too, 
passed from life in Mahoning county. She was a daughter of Henry Loehr, who 
was a well-known farmer and school teacher of Northampton county, Penn., where 
he was eventually called from life, his widow dying in Ohio at the home of her son 
Jacob Loehr, in Hancock county. The paternal grandfather of Paul H. Kurtz 
George Kurtz, was born October 14, 1745, and died at the age of seventy-five years. 
His wife was Henricka Miller, who died on June 15, 1857, at the advanced age of 
eighty-five years The grandfather Loehr died on December 25, 1834, when 
eighty-one years of age. The mother of Paul H. Kurtz resided in Pennsylvania 
until her marriage, and being an earnest member of the German Baptist Church 
for fifty-eight years she was of great assistance to her husband in his church work. 
Out of "seven children born to them only four are living: Harry, who died in Penn- 
sylvania in childhood; Henrietta, who was bom in Pennsylvania, died in Ohio when 
nine years of age; George H. was born in Pittsburg, Penn., and is living on the old 
home farm in Mahoning coimty, Ohio; Paul H.; Christian H., who died young; 
Henry J., who is living at Covington, Ohio, a man of no family. These children 



ilEirOIRS OF INDIA2fA. 97 

received excellent training, were taught to revere the Bible, and have lived to be a 
credit to the parents who reared them. Paul H. Kurtz spent his early life in Stark 
county, Ohio, but from the time he was fourteen years of age until he attained his 
twentieth year, his time was spent on a farm in Columbiana county, Ohio. After 
spending two years as an apprentice at the carpenter's trade, he began working at 
that calling and in 1850, with the idea of bettering his financial condition, he came 
to Elkhart county, Ind., and took up his residence near New Paris. From that 
time until 1853 he erected many houses and bams throughout the county and won 
an excellent reputation as a man who thoroughly understood his calling. In 1852 
Mary P. Shively, who was born in Stark county, Ohio, April 4, 1829, became his 
wife, she being a daughter of Isaac and Susanna (Snyder) Shively, the father 
having come to this section from Stark county, Ohio, in 1847, his death occurring 
here iu 18-18, leaving a family of nine children: Jonas, Daniel, Mary P., Margaret, 
Susan and Barbara (twins), Joseph, Lydia, Esther, all of whom are living. The 
mother of these children, who was born in Stark county, Ohio, died in Jackson 
township this county, in 1857. The Shivelys were connected with the German 
Baptist Church, in which Isaac Shively was a deacon. Mrs. Kurtz was eighteen 
years of age upon her arrival in this county, and here she resumed an acquaintance 
with Mr. Kurtz which had been commenced when they were children in Ohio. After 
their marriage they kept house in New Paris for one year and from that time until 
1855 they resided on an eighty-acre farm in Kosciusko county. They then located 
at Harrison Center in this county where Mr. Kurtz began giving his attention to 
the saw-mill business with his brother-in-law, Moses Teegarden. While in Kosci- 
usko county Mr. Kurtz built a number of saw-mills, and after going into that busi- 
ness for himself, he operated two mills at once. In 1864 he bought his present 
farm of 160 acres and now has a well-improved place. As a business man he has 
been successful, and this has not been only owing to his intelligent method of con- 
ducting his affairs, but to the fact that he has been very energetic and enterprising. 
He has always been a Republican in politics and in this respect, as well as in 
various other ways, his sons have followed in his footsteps. He has interested him- 
self in public matters, thoroughly understands the issues of the day, and is a patri- 
otic, whole-souled and intelligent gentleman. He and his wife hold to the faith of 
the German Baptist Church, in which he has been a deacon for a number of years. 
He has been on the committee for the building of two churches, but other worthy 
enterprises also occupy his attention. Nine children have been born to this union: 
Amanda P., born August 2, 1853, died when fifteen months old; Lewis P. was 
born September 10, 1855, and is still with his parents, while his twin sister Cath- 
erine is the wife of Henry Sherman, of Harrison township, and is the mother of 
seven children: Charles, Minerva, Nettie, Oliver, Jerome, Luella and Vernon. 
Henry P. was born August 5, 1857, and is living at Milford, Ind.; Lovina was born 
February 21, 1859, is the wife of Charles Warstler, residing east of Elkhart and 
has one child, Ira; Sarah A., bom December 18, 1860, and died in infancy; Daniel 
P., born November 25, 1863; Leander P., born April 10, 1865, and Ida, bom July 
29, 1871. Mr. and Mrs. Kurtz were married January 17, 1852. They have a 
commodious and substantial brick residence, which was erected in 1867, which is 
very conveniently arranged. Here they dispense a generous hospitality to the nu- 
merous friends they have gathered about them. 

R. L. Braunsdorf, of South Bend, Ind., is destined to make his mark in this 
section as an architect of special attainments. He is prepared to make desicrns for 
and estimate on all classes of proposed new buildings for public and private use 
preparing all sketches and plans for the same, and studiously embodying every wish 
and suggestion of his clients. His plans are both practical and economical; modem 
ideas are noticeable features, coupled alike with symmetry and architectural beauty. 
His estimates and computations are always accurate and not exceeded in actual con- 
struction, and under his supervision the specifications are most rigidly adhered to. 



98 PICTORIAL AND BiOGMAPHIC AL 

Mr. Braunsdorf is a native of Dantzig, Germanv, where he was born July 25, 1843, 
a son of John G. and W. J. Braunsdorf, both of whom spent their lives in the land 
of their birth, the father having been a shoemaker by occupation. They became 
the parents of seven sons and six daughters, six of the sons being now residents of 
the United States but the daughters are still in Germany. K. L. Braunsdorf was 
educated in Holzminden, one of the largest schools of Germany, from which he 
graduated in 1864 In the Fatherland he learned the carpenter's trade, at which he 
worked for three years while traveling over that country. In 1865 he embarked at 
Hamburg for America and landed at the city of New York, where he remained five 
years, working at his trade. In 1871 he came to South Bend, of which place he has 
since been a resident, the first ten years of his stay here being spent in working out 
by the day. He then began contracting for himself and subsequently turned his 
attention exclusively to architectural work, for which he possesses decided talent. 
He has filled a number of large contracts in a very satisfactory manner, among which 
may be mentioned Studebaker Bros.' repository of Chicago, and Clem Stndebaker's 
residence of South Bend, the residence of F. Fish, of South Bend; the Mnessel 
Block; the C. A. Carlisle residence, and many other homes and business blocks which 
are an ornament and credit to the city. Mr. Braunsdorf is a member of the Cath- 
olic Knights of America, is a Democrat politically and served one term as trustee of 
the city water-works. He was married in 1868 to Miss A. W. Mochring, who was 
born in Germany, their marriage being celebrated in the city of New York. Of 
seven children born to them the following are living: William H., Walter J., Jo- 
hanna W. and Augusta H. 

Peter Loucks, who is one of the oldest pioneers of Elkhart county, Ind., has 
attained to the advanced age of four-score years and seven, for his birth occurred in 
Westmoreland county, Penn., September 21, 1805. He was married there Feb- 
ruary 1, 1827, to Miss Anna Berkey, who was also a Pennsylvanian, bom Sep- 
tember 1, 1808. Soon after their marriage they removed to Ohio, and after resid- 
ing successively in Holmes, Medina tmd Wayne counties of that State, they, in 1851, 
came to this State and county and settled on the farm where their youngest son, 
Jonas, is living. They purchased 160 acres of woodland, on which a small log 
cabin had been erected, and on that farm Peter Loucks has resided ever since. He 
followed the calling of a shoemaker in Ohio, but since his residence in this county 
the most of his attention has been given to farming. He has been a life-long mem- 
ber of the Mennonite Church, is deeply interested in Christian work, and in the 
various affairs of the county he is very public spirited. He is now the oldest pio- 
neer of Harrison township and as he has always endeavored to do what is fair and 
right, he has made numerous friends and few, if any, enemies. He is a man of 
strong convictions, and has ever been a stanch Republican in politics. For the past 
quarter of a century he has been retired from the active duties of life, and well 
deserves this rest after so faithfully and ably bearing the burden and heat of the 
day. His wife was called from life April 1, 1890, at the age of eighty-two years. 
She had been a life-long member of the Mennonite Church, was an exemplary 
Christian, a noble, kind and faithful wife and mother. She bore her husband seven 
sons and five daughters, of which famUy nine are living: Susanna, born April 28, 
1828, died when four years old; Anna, born August 23, 1829, married David Swope, 
after his death John Buzzard, and died in 1890; Jacob, bom September 9, 1831, is 
living Ln Olive township; William, bom August 20, 1833, is living in St. Joseph 
county, Ind. ; John, born September 18, 1835, is living in Olive township; Sarah, 
born November 29, 1837, is the wife of Tobias Myers; Martin, bom March 11, 1840; 
is a resident of Olive township; Isaac, bom June 19, 1842, is living in southeast 
Nebraska; Catherine, bom July 4, 1844, died after her marriage to Henry J. Cnlp, 
Peter, bom January 22, 1847, is living in Kansas; Mary, born April 24, 1850, is the 
wife of William Holdeman and is living in Concord township, and Jonas, who was 
bom January 3, 1853, lives on the old home place. This worthy old couple spent 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAMA. 



many years of hard work on their pioneer farm, but their work gradually told and / 

they at last subdued the forces of nature and were in possession of a magnificent and I 

valuable farm. Jonas Loucks, their youngest son, has resided on the old home \ 

farm in Elkhart county all his life and in his youth not only obtained a thorough ^ 

education in the common schools near his home, but also learned lessons of indus- \ 

kcj, thrift and economy that have made him the well-to-do man that he is. He 
took the management of the home farm on his shoulders when about twenty-four ' 

years of age, and in 1890 bought the place of his father, who still makes his home 
with him. The place contains 160 acres, and although it is one of the oldest farms 
in the county, it has been so carefully managed that it is one of the most fertile of 
farms. Jonas Loucks is a sturdy young farmer of good business ability and devotes 
his farm to the raising of stock and grain. In 1876 he was married to Miss Anna 
Ramer, a native of this county, born March 9, 1854, a daughter of Tobias and 
Esther (Hoover) Eamer, the former of whom came to this section from Pennsyl- 
vania, married here, and here reared a family of five children: Fannie, Annie, 
Samuel, Martin and Susan. Mr. and Mrs. Loucks have four children: Susanna, 
bom November 27, 1878; Martin, bom March 25, 1881; Emma, born December 21, 
1884, and Esther, born August 23, 1888. Mr. and Mrs. Loucks are members of the 
Mennonite Church, and he has been a preacher of that denomination for the past 
six years. He is a well-informed and intelligent man and the principles of the 
Republican party have always commended themselves to his judgment. The 
good of his section is of paramount interest with him, and he has done his full 
share in making it the desirable place of residence that it is. 

Jacob Loucks, a well-known, practical and successful farmer of Elkhart county, 
Ind., was born in Holmes county, Ohio, September 9, 1831, and is a son of Peter 
Loucks, whose sketch precedes this. The maternal grandparents were John and 
Susanna (Buzzard) Berkey, who removed from Pennsylvania to Holmes county, 
Ohio, where they spent the remainder of their days and reared twelve children: 
Christian, George, Isaac, Peter, John, Anna, Elizabeth, Barbara, Margaret, Mary, 
Rachel and Catherine. Peter Loucks was one of eight children as follows: Martha, 
John, Jacob, Henry, Peter, Sally, Mary and Catherine. Besides his own children 
Peter Loucks has sixty-four grandchildren and sixty-two great-grandchildren. The 
early life of Jacob Loucks was spent in Ohio, where he attended the district schools 
and assisted his father in tilling the soil, clearing land, grubbing, etc. After coming 
to this State he was married to Miss Catherine Freed, a daughter of Jacob and Mar- 
garet Holdeman Freed, the former of whom was bom in Virginia, a son of Jacob and 
Mary (Bideler) Freed. The grandfather, Jacob, was a resident of the Shenandoah 
Valley in Virginia, was there married, but became a resident of Holmes county, Ohio; 
here he died at the age of eighty- four years. Jacob, the father, was a young man 
when the family moved to Ohio and there he married Anna Freed, who bore him 
two sons, John and Andrew, both of whom became residents of Elkhart county, 
Ind. , the latter being deceased. The mother of these children died in Ohio in 1833, 
and three years later the father married Margaret Holdeman, who was a daughter 
of Christian Holdeman, who removed to Columbiana county, Ohio, from Bucks county, 
Penn. , where he died. His wife passed from life in Elkhart county in 1865. From 
this couple sprang all the Holdemans of this section. Jacob and Margaret (Holde- 
man) Freed first settled in Holmes county, Ohio, but in 1852 came to Elkhart county 
and began farming in Locke township. The father died April 2, 1869, at the age 
of seventy-two years, having been a minister of the Mennonite Church for many 
years. His wife passed from life May 30, 1887, at the age of seventy-seven 
years. She was first married to Samuel Yoder, by whom she had five children: 
John, Elizabeth, Jacob, Nancy and Samuel, her second marriage resulting in the 
birth of four children: Catherine, Mary, Joseph and. Christian. Joseph was a 
soldier in the Civil war, participated in a number of engagements and during his 
service died at Jeffersonville, Ind. Mary is the wife of Anthony Whisler of Kansas, 



100 PICTORIAL AMD BIOGRAPHICAL 

and Christina is tte wife of Joseph Landis of this county. Mrs. Loncks has been a 
resident of this county since she was fifteen years of age, her birth occnring Sep- 
tember 14, 1837, and at the age of seventeen she was married. She and her hus- 
band lived in St. Joseph county, this State, until 1891, when they bought the farm 
on which they are now living, in Olive township. They have built a new house and 
barn thereon and have in other ways greatly improved, the fences and outbuilding 
being repaired, etc. Their children are as follows: William H. , born April 26, 
1851, is married to Elnora Topper, is a resident of St. Joseph county and has five 
childrea: Franklin, Anna, Jarius, Nora and Dora; Sarah S., born March 23, 1860, 
is married to John R. Mikel and has one child: William H. ; Mary E. was born 
April 8, 1862, is the wife of Joseph Dills and has five children: Minnie C., Eva M. , 
Emma A., Alva E., and Sarah E., who is deceased; Andrew M. was born June 6, 
1865, and died when one year old; Jacob O. was born October 15, 1867, is married to 
Barbara E. Anthony, and is living in St. Joseph county and has one child: Bertha E. ; 
Anna Margaret, born Augast 22, 1870, and Jonas E., born October 12, 1875. Mr. 
and Mrs. Loucks are members of the Mennonite Church, and Mr. Loucks has been 
ordained a minister in the same. As a business man he has been prosperous and 
in the conduct of his affairs he has shown good judgment and much intelligence. 
He has a finely improved farm of 300 acres and still owns his old home in St. 
Joseph county. What he has in the way of worldly goods has been won by hard 
work, and he deserves much credit therefor. He is a Republican politically, and he 
has held official position in St. Joseph county. 

Louis A. Hull, city clerk of South Bend, Ind. The official work of this gentle- 
man has extended over a number of years and has brought him before the gaze of the 
citizens of South Bend, and in him his constituents have found a man of ability and 
integrity, and one whose activities have ever been employed for the good of the 
community. He is a product of Troy, N. T., where he first saw the light of day Sep- 
tember 3, 1842, his parents being Adolphus and Frances (Moss) Hull, who were born 
in Canada and the Green Mountain State respectively. Adolphus Hull settled in 
Troy, N. T., about 1840, but in 1856 came westward and took up his residence in 
South Bend, where he is now living, retired from the active duties of life. He and 
his wife became th6- parents of five sons and one daughter: Louis A. ; George W. , 
who is superintendent of the machine department of the Singer Sewing Machine 
Company; Joseph, who is the western agent for the Goodrich Rubber Hose Com- 
pany, of Chicago; Charles, who is engineer of the Singer Sewing Machine Com- 
pany, of South Bend; Fred, who is the proprietor of Hull's Boiler Compound, 
and Mary, wife of J. M. La Pierre, a traveling salesman for Reddell & Reddell, 
wholesale grocers. Louis A. Hull was only thirteen years of age when brought to 
South Bend, but had previously attended the high school of Troy, N. T., and 
finished his education, so far as books were concerned, in the schools of South Bend. 
At an early day he became a clerk and book-keeper for A. Coquillard Lumber Com- 
pany, but upon the breaking out of the Civil war in 1861, he cast aside personal 
considerations and enlisted to fight his country's battles, believing the "sword to be 
mighter than the pen. " However, he was later transferred to the quartermaster's 
department, as chief clerk of the transportation department, which position he held 
nnt.il the war closed. Notwithstanding his desire for actual service in the field, the 
position which he held was a very trying and responsible one for a young man of his 
years, but he showed a remarkable ability in dispatching work, and was always 
accurate, prompt and energetic. The most of the time he was stationed at Nashville, 
Tenn., and after the termination of hostilities he spent about two years in traveling ia 
different localities, and up and down the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers, and on Lake 
Michigan, as clerk on various steamers. In 1868 he returned to South Bend and 
again took upon himself the duties of his old position with the Coquillard Lumber 
Company, of which he remained an honored and trusted employe, until 1870, when 
he was transfeiTed to the Coquillard Wagon Works, where he served in the 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 101 

responsible position of acconntant and confidential clerk, nntil the death of Mr. 
Coquillard in February, 1890, continuing to remain an employe of the company 
thereafter until Septemer 1, 1892. Having been elected to the position of city clerk 
in May of that year on the Kepublican ticket by the largest majority that has been 
polled for the ofBce in many years, which fact is a suflBcient testimonial of his com- 
petency and popularity, he entered upon his duties and has proved himself a beau 
ideal public officer, being accurate, punctual, intelligent and obliging. Mr. Hull 
has many steadfast friends in all parts of the county, and with all classes, and is him- 
self honest and earnest in his profession of friendship. As an illustration of his 
faithfulness and desire to do his duty, it can be said of him, that during the twenty- 
four years that he was in the employ of the Coquillards, he never lost but one day, 
except on account of sickness. He is a member of the K. of P., having passed all 
the chairs in this order, the G. A. E. , and the German Turners' Society. He 
became a " benedict " in 1869, Miss Lydia Duck becoming his wife, and to their 
union two children have been given: Harry and Grace. Mr. Hull served as mem- 
ber of the city council from the Fourth Ward from 1876 to 1878, and did excellent 
service while a member of that body. 

Frederick Tsisinoer is one of the stockholders and a prominent member of the 
Wakarusa Lumber Company, which is one of the most active firms in its line of 
work in the county. Mr. Trisinger was bom in Canada, September 11, 1853, to 
Adam and Julia A. (Ohlheiser) Trisinger, the former of whom was born in Germany 
in 1826, or about that time, and was a son of Frederick and Julia A. Trisinger, who 
came to America with their family and settled in Canada, where a number of years 
were spent. They then came to Elkhart county, Ind. (in 1860), but the grand- 
father died during the trip and the grandmother passed from this life in St. Joseph 
county, Ind., about 1872. They reared a family of five children: Adam, Jacob, 
John, Philipbena and Lena, aU of whom are living, but only one resides in this sec- 
tion of the county— Lena. The grandfather was a farmer throughout life and 
succeeded in accumulating a valuable property. Adam Trisinger was the second 
child bom to his parents, and prior to their leaving Germany they acquired a good 
education in the schools of that country. He grew up on a farm in Canada, but 
also learned the butcher's trade, which calling he followed the greater part of hia 
life. He was married in Canada and three of his children were born there. In 
1856 he located in Elkhart county, Ind., and took up his residence in the vicinity of 
Wakarusa, after a short residence on that place, and till after the Civil war tilled a 
farm in Harrison township. He then moved to Bremen, Marshall county, where he 
conducted a butcher shop two years; then once more returned to Wakarusa, where 
he resided until his removal to Michigan. From that place he went to St. Joseph 
county, Ind., and for the past four or five years he has lived in that county. Hia 
children are as follows: Jacob, who died at the age of four years; Frederick, the 
subject of this sketch; Lena, who died in childhood; Mary, who was born in Indi- 
ana, is the wife of Jacob Harrington, and is a resident of Olive township, Elkhart 
county; and Catherine, who was born in Indiana, died in childhood. The mother 
of these children died in 1864, having been born in Germany. Like her husband 
she removed to Canada where her early life was spent. She was a life-long member 
of the German Lutheran Church, was a noble mother and a faithful and affectionate 
wife. After her death the father took for his second wife Miss Julia A. Burling- 
court, who is still living and has borne him five children: Lncinda, who is married 
and lives in South Bend, Ind.; Elizabeth, who also resides there; John, Solomon 
and William. Mr. Trisinger is a member of the German Baptist Church, in politics 
is a Republican, and is well known for his public spirit and intelligence. Frederick 
Trisinger was a child of three years when he was brought to Elkhart county, and 
in the public schools of this section he received a good practical, business education. 
He left home when only thirteen years of age, and since that time has made his own 
way in the world, and until he was twenty years of age his earnings were given to 



102 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAZ 

his father. He learned and worked at the carpenter's trade, sncceeded well in his 
undertakings, and in 1877 engaged in saw-mDling, and became a member of the 
Smeltzer Sons & Co., and since 1879 has helped to operate the business successfully. 
They manufacture aU kinds of lumber for building purposes, and make a specialty 
of this kind of lumber. The members of this well-known firm are; Jacob H. Dell, 
John Smeltzer, H. J. Smeltzer, Fred Trisinger and Anthony Smeltzer. The mill 
has a capacity of 7,000 feet per day, for which a ready and profitable market is 
found. Mr. Trisinger was married on January 7, 1877, to Miss Elizabeth Smeltzer, 
a daughter of John Smeltzer. She was born June 29, 1860, and has presented her 
husband with two children, only one of whom is living, Mandie J., who was born on 
March 20, 1885. The other child died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. Trisinger are 
members of the Christian Church at Wakarusa, and in politics Mr. Trisinger is a 
Republican, the ioterests of which he has always furthered to the best of his ability. 
As a man of affairs he has shown remarkable foresight and it is owing to his 
good judgment and business acumen that he has accumulated the handsome prop- 
erty of which he is now the owner. He and Mrs. Trisinger are considered among 
the first people of Wakarusa, and their hospitable home is a favorite resort for their 
numerous friends. 

William A. Ecthebtord is the genial, courteous and capable city treasurer of 
South Bend, and was born in Madison township, St. Joseph county, October 16, 
1850, a son of Jesse V. and Mary C. (Cotton) Eutherford, who were born in Cul- 
pepper county, Va., and Prince Edward's Island respectively, the birth of the 
former occurring in 1826. In 1845 he turned his face westward and after a short 
stay in Elkhart county, Ind, he came to St. Joseph county, where he has resided 
since 1853. Here he entered land and followed farming for a number of years, but 
for the past eighteen years has been one of the leading grocers of South Bend, and 
is highly regarded as an honorable business man by all classes. His family con- 
sisted of five children, two of whom are living: William A. and Mrs. Lina E. Blake, 
of South Bend. William A. Eutherford resided on a farm until eighteen years of 
age, and during that time learned not to be afraid of hard work. He obtained his educa- 
tion in the country schools, and after coming to South Bend learned the art of 
photography, at which he worked for four years. In 1 874 he embarked in the grocery 
business with his father, under the firm name of J. V. Rutherford & Son, which 
continued until the latter's election to the oflBce of city treasurer in September, 
1892, to which he had been elected in the previous May. He was elected on the 
Eepublican ticket, of which he had always been a supporter, by a majority of 278 
votes, the previous election having been 870 Democratic majority. The people's 
confidence in his ability has not been misplaced, and under his capable manage- 
ment everything moves along with clock-work precision. He has always been the 
soul of honesty in all his business transactions, and by his correct mode of living 
made numerous warm and faithful friends. He is interested in the public weal; is 
generous in his support of worthy measures, and, in fact, is a model citizen, as all 
who are acquainted with him know. He is a member of the Eoyal Arcanum, of 
which order he is regent, and he is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
His wife, whom he married May 19, 1875, and whose maiden name was Jennie 
Bucher, is not a member of the church. 

Jekemiah Haun, who since 1866 has made his home in Olive township, was bom 
in Fayette county, Penn., February 12, 1830, the third in a family of twelve children 
reared by John and Martha (Shank) Haun, the former of whom was bom in that 
county and State also, his birth occurring May 1, 1801. He was a son of one of the 
early pioneers of that county, and of that section he remained a resident until he 
was twenty-five years of age, but owing to the fact that he was forced to begin 
working at a very early age, his opportunities for obtaining an education were lim- 
ited. He was married in Fayette county and in 1837 moved to Holmes county, 
Ohio, where, in addition to tilling the soil, he foUowed the occupation of threshing 



ME if 01 US OF INSIAJfA. 103 

for many years, and succeeded in becoming well to do. He was active in the polit- 
ical affairs of his section and was a life-long Republican. He is now living a retired 
life in Holmes county, aud has attained to the advanced age of ninety-two years. Not- 
withstanding the fact that the snows of many winters have passed over his head, he 
is quite active for one of his age and his mind shows but little the ravages of time. 
For thirty-tive years he has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, is 
interested in Christian work, and reared his children to honest and industrious man- 
hood and womanhood. His wife was born iu Fayette county, Penn. , in 1807, a 
daughter of Christian Shank, and resided with her husband and chOdren in Ohio 
until her death in 1889, at the age of eighty-three years. She had been a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church for many years, was a helpmate, indeed, to her 
husband, and was devotion itself to the following children which she bore her hus- 
band: James is a farmer, a man of family and resides in Holmes county, Ohio; Mary 
is the wife of Christian Kilmer, of Holmes county; Jeremiah (the subject of this 
sketch), is a farmer and lives in Elkhart county, Ind. ; Peter, died at the age of tif- 
teen in Holmes county; Nancy, who is the wife of John L. Meyer, of Clay county, 
Ind. ; Uriah, who died at the age of seventeen years; Mahala, who died in childhood; 
two that died in infancy; Harry, whose residence was in Holmes county, but who 
died in Missouri in 1890. He had been a member of Company G, Nineteenth Ohio 
Eegiment, was in battles, and was taken a prisoner of war at Chickamauga, and was 
kept in captivity at Andersonville for eighteen months, during which time he suf- 
fered nntold hardships and privations; Jacob, who was a soldier in the One Hun- 
dred and Second Ohio Regiment, was taken a prisoner in Alabama, and was kept in 
captivity for six months, during which time he was treated very cruelly. His regi- 
ment was blown up on a boat near St. Louis about the close of the war. He died in 
1877, leaving a family in Wayne county, Ohio, where he for many years followed the 
occupation of farming. Solomon, living in Wayne county, is a farmer and a man 
of family. Jeremiah was six years of age when taken to Ohio, and on a woodland 
farm in that State he grew to manhood. He received a fair education in the district 
schools but at the age of twenty-one he started out for himself and settled on a farm 
in Holmes county, where he was married to Mariah. daughter of Joseph and 
Elizabeth (Showalter) Longnecker, who were early settlers of that region. The 
father died at Mr. Haun's home in Elkhart county, his wife's death occurring in 
Owen county, Ind. They were about seventy-five years of age and he was a member 
of the Mennonite and she of the Dunkard Church. Their children were: Isaac, of 
Ohio; Sarah, married Jacob F. Lentz, and is deceased: Mariah; Rebecca, wife of F. 
Coppage, of Terre Haute, Ind. ; Leah is the deceased wife of William Stevic, of Ohio; 
Lovina is the wife of Eugene Doriot, of Fulton county, Ohio; Rhoda is the wife of 
F. M. Bamhart, of Clay county, Ind.; Adaline is the wife of Jacob F. Eohrer, 
of Elkhart county; Elizabeth died unmarried; Joseph died at two years of age; 
Amanda became the wife of George Leferer, of Elkhart county. The parents of 
these children became prominent residents of Ohio in 1836. They made a good 
property and reared a family that commanded the respect of all. He was a 
Republican in politics. Mrs. Haun was born in Fayette county, Penn., Feb- 
ruary 13. 1835, and was a child when the family settled in the woods of Ohio. She 
and Mr. Haun grew up in the same neighborhood and attended the same school. In 
1866 they came to Elkhart county, Ind., and as Mr. Haun had previously been very 
successful in business, he was enabled to purchase 161 acres of land in Olive town- 
ship, and this has since been his home. He and his wife are members of the Evan- 
gelical Church; he is one of its stewards and politically is a member of the Repub- 
lican party, which he has always enthusiastically supported. In 1868 he was elected 
trustee of Olive township, and held the position three successive terms. He has been 
very successful as a stock raiser, and as a tiller of the soil has been no less prosper- 
ous for he brings to bear sound judgment and practical experience. To himself and 
wife have been born a good old- fashioned family of fourteen chOdren : JIary, born Feb- 



104 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHWAL 

ruaryl3, 1853, died December 17, 1854; Martha E., born September 16, 1854, is the 
■wife of Allen Maurer, of Marshall county, Ind. , and has these children: Dora, 
Jeremiah, Daisy, Allen, Marvin; Joel (who died at the age of twelve); Clemen- 
tine (died at four years), and three died in infancy; Almira, bom February 
11, 1855, and died December 17, 1864; Isaac H., born November 8, 1857, died 
December 22, 1864; Joel S., born March 6, 1859, died December 12, 1864; Lorenzo ' 
K, born April 10, 1861, died April 10, 1878; Harrison E., bom April 30, 1863, died 
December 19, 1864; Joseph G., born November 26, 1864, ia living in Olive township, 
married to Caroline Marker, by whom he has a daughter: Olga L., and two children 
who died in infancy; Pera E., born March 17, 1867, is the wife of Wayne F.Fichler, 
of Wakarusa, and is the mother of two children : Ruby and Vernon J. ; Homer was born 
June 21, 1869, and died June 22, 1869; Adelpha, born April 7, 1872, is the wife of 
Buel K. Reinebold, of St. Joseph county, by whom she has one child: Volney G. ; 
John M. was born July 17, 1874; Pardon was born July 11, 1877, and died at the age 
of four months; and Lulu M. was born March 4, 1882. Five of their children died in- 
side of two weeks, in 1864, of diphtheria. Mr. and Mrs. Haun are among the best 
known citizens of their section of the country, and through their own industry are 
now enjoying their comfortable and pleasant home. Mr. Haun raises a high grade 
of draft horses and a fine breed of sheep. 

Christian Blocher has been a resident of Elkhart county, Ind., for the past 
twenty-seven years, but was born in Erie county, N. T., December 15, 1836, a son 
of Christian and Catherine (Beam) Blocher, the former of whom was of Lancas- 
ter county, Penn., born December 16, 1806, a son of John Blocher, who was a 
native of Switzerland and was brought to Lancaster county. Pa., when two years 
old, but later became a resident of Erie county, N. Y., where he died at a ripe old 
age. His wife, who was a Miss Frick, died in Erie county also. They reared a 
family of eleven children: John, Jacob, Tison, Christian, Peter, David, Martha, 
Susan, Sophia, Elizabeth and Polly, of whom Sophia is the only survivor. Chris- 
tian was reared on a farm in York State, there grew up and married and there 
paid the last debt of nature March 27, 1852. When a young man he had married 
Catherine Beam, a daughter of Christian Beam, of the same county in New York, 
but her birth occurred in the same county as that of her husband October 2, 
1799, and died in Indiana with her son. Christian, on July 2, 1877. She was the 
mother of six children: David, born July 27, 1831, and died in Erie county at 
the age of forty-six years; Peter was born February 1, 1834, and died June 11, 
1892, in Pennsylvania; Christian; John C, who was bom July 18, 1839, and is a res- 
ident of Bloomiugton, 111. ; Catherine, born September 24, 1842, is the wife of Jacob 
Bessey. The father and mother were members of the Mennonite Church and polit- 
ically he was a Whig, and as a tiller of the soil succeeded in accumulating some 
property. In the public schools of New York State, Christian Blocher received a 
good business education, and owing to the death of his father, he began making his 
own way in the world at the age of fifteen years. He worked on different farms in 
Erie county until he was nineteen years of age, then went to Michigan and began 
devoting his attention to the lumber business. After remaining there a short time 
he began tilling the soil and continued it until the firing on Fort Sumter caused 
him to abandon his plow in order to fight his country's battles and the same year 
his name could be found on the rolls of Company G, Seventh Michigan Volun- 
teer Infantry, he being one of the first men to enlist in his country's service. He 
held the rank of corporal and was promoted to sergeant, a position he was filling at 
the time he quit the army three years later. He was with the Army of the Po- 
tomac and was at Fair Oalis, the second battle of Bull Run, Autietam, where his regi- 
ment had 216 men wounded and thirty-nine killed. Mr. Blocher was wounded in both 
heels by a gunshot and was in the hospital for some time before he was able to re- 
join his regiment. He was also at Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, and 
on May 6, 1864, was struck by a spent ball which knocked him down but did not 



MEi^OIRS OF INDIANA. 105 

injure him. When his term of service had expired he received his discharge on 
the field, but after remaining at home about two months he returned to the service. 
When the war was over he returned to New York and was there married on June 
18, I860, to Susannah Martin, who was born in Erie county June 6, 1837. She 
was a daughter of Abraham and Mariah (Herst) Martin, both of whom died in York 
State, the former having been born in Pennsylvania. After his marriage Mi-. 
Blocher removed with his wife to Ohio, but came to Elkhart county, Ind., a few 
months later and after renting for some time purchased a farm of eighty- five acres 
which had been partly improved. He and his wife began devoting their energies to 
improving this land and it is now a well-improved and well-cultivated tract. His 
wife is a member of the Mennouite Church and he has always been an active 
Republican in politics. He has held the office of township supervisor for eicht 
years and since 1886 has held the office of tovraship trustee two terms. He is inter- 
ested in the much needed improvement of the public roads, and has always been a 
patron of the public schools. He raises nearly all the cereals on his farm, and stock- 
raising has received considerable attention at his hands. He and his family are 
highly regarded in their community and he is well known to the agriculturists of 
Elkhart county. He has a family of four children: Martin A., who was born 
July 22, 1866, is married to Maggie Winger, has one child, and is a farmer of Olive 
township; John M. , born June 7, 1868, has been a school teacher for a number 
of years and has become quite prominent as an educator; Anna E. was born 
January 19, 1870, is married to J. W. Moyer, of Olive township, and Ida A., who 
was born February 14, 1872, is at home with her parents. 

James McM. Smith, president of the South Bend & Mishawaka Railway, was 
born in Overton county, Tenn., February 13, 1852. a son of .Alexander A. and Jane 
(McMillan) Smith, who were born in Virginia and North Carolina respectively. The 
father followed the calling of a carpenter, and after his marriage, removed to 
Macoupin county. 111., where he engaged in farming until death called him from 
this life in 1866. His widow survives him and is residing in the Indian Territory 
with a son. She became the mother of seven children: Dr. H. B. , of McAllister, 
I. T. ; Horace, agent for the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroad, of McAllister, 
1. T. ; Mrs. Elizabeth R. Harrison; Mrs. Henrietta R. Boiling; Milton L., who is on 
the editorial staff of the New York World, Otto W., agent of the Missiouri, Kansas 
& Texas Railroad at Gainesville, Tex., and James McM. The latter began learning 
telegraphy with the Chicago & Alton Railroad at the age of ten years and remained 
in the service of this road for five years, at the end of which time he became con- 
nected with the Pullman Palace Car Company, located in Chicago, as receiving 
cashier, and for twenty years remained thus connected. The last eight years he 
was the private secretary of George M. Pullman, and traveled with him over a great 
portion of the world. He resigned this position in 1888 and engaged in the iron 
manufacturing business in Chicago, making a speciality of rolling mill machinery, 
hammers and heavy forgings. In the spring of 1889 he sold his interest in this 
business and embarked in the street railway business, his first experience in this line 
being in Des Moines, Iowa. In that city two street car companies were very an- 
tagonistic to each other, but Mr. Smith succeeded in creating harmony between 
them and they were eventually consolidated. He bonded this new company for 
§600,000, after which he succeeded in establishing a number of other companies. 
In the fall of 1889 he took up the South Bend street railway property, which was 
then a horse-car line owned by two companies. He succeeded in consolidating them, 
put in the electric system, and has since been its president. He is just now getting 
the road in good working order, and is rebuilding its lines with heavy "T" rails. 
This is being done under his own personal supervision, and as he is a thorough and 
practical business man, it will without doubt be a grand success. He has the deter- 
mination and push necessary for a successful business career and his future out- 
look is bright and promising. He was offered the presidency of one of the Chicago 



106 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

elevated railways, but respectfully declined to accept the position. Mr. Smith 
never went to school a day in his life, his rudimentary education being obtained at 
home under his mother, and in every sense of the word he is a self-made man. He 
was married in 1877 to Miss Jennie Txirner, of Chicago, and in that city now makes 
his home. Mr. Smith has a cousin, Benton McMillan, in Congress, who has won 
considerable distinction. He was educated by Mr. Smith's mother and like the 
latter has shown that he had excellent early training. The parents of Mr. Smith 
lived to a ripe old age and the maternal grandmother lived to the extreme old age 
of nearly one hundred years. 

Eleazeb Fryman is a product of the county of Elkhart, Ind. , and is a descendant 
of one of the early pioneer farmers of the section. He was the second child and 
only son born to Samuel and Barbara (Hay) Fryman, the former of whom was bom 
in Montgomery county, Ohio, about 1816. His early ancestors came to this country 
from Germany and settled in Pennsylvania, and later in Montgomery county, Ohio, 
where Samuel was reared. His early life was spent in a great mill with his father, 
who was a miller by trade, but later he learned the trade of a carpenter and also 
engaged in farming. In Ohio he was married to Miss Hay, a daughter of Valentine 
Hay, and at the end of two years moved by wagon through the woods to Indiana 
and located on a farm in Harrison township, Elkhart county, which is now owned by 
his only son, the subject of this sketch. He bought land to the extent of eighty 
acres, all of which was heavily timbered, but after some years, by hard work at his 
trade, and by clearing his farm at night, he soon had his farm in fair condition for 
agricultural purposes. He made his settlement in 1842, and he and his good wife 
went through all the many privations of life on a frontier farm. He and his wife 
were life-long members of the German Baptist Church, and although he was reared 
a Democrat, about 1850 he became a Kepublican and supported that party until his 
death in 1887, at the age of seventy-one years. He was one of nature's noblemen, 
and as a citizen was all that could be desired. He was a self-made man, won many 
friends by his correct mode of living, and upon his death left a nice property to his 
heirs. His worthy wife was born in Bedford county, Penn., in 1813, and died in 
Elkhart county in the spring of 1892. She had become the mother of four children 
by a first marriage to Jonas Miller: Henry, Hettie, Valentine and Elizabeth. The 
two last mentioned are deceased. Hettie is the wife of Valentine Berkey. Mrs. 
Fryman had emigrated to Indiana with her first husband and lived in St. Joseph 
county near South Bend. After the death of her husband she went back to Ohio, 
and there later married Mr. Fryman. Among the children bom of her second mar- 
riage is Isabella, who was bom in October, 1840, and is now the wife of Michael S. 
Weaver, of Concord township, by whom she has three children: Edward, Eleazer 
and Tacy. Eleazer Fryman was born September 1, 1848, on the farm where he 
now lives, and as soon as he became old enough began to assist his father and soon 
took almost entire charge of the place, and his father gave the most of his attention 
to his trade. Eleazer attended the district schools and spent one term in the 
Goshen High School, where he gained a practical education. He remained at home 
managing the farm until the death of his father, and in 1869 was married to Eliza- 
beth Steiner; who was born in Lebanon county, Penn., October 6, 1850, a daughter 
of Andrew Steiner and Henrietta (Vile) Steiner, the former of whom was also born 
in that county October 20, 1820, a son of Frederick and Elizabeth (Lesher) Steiner. 
Frederick Steiner was a native of Germany, came to this country with his parents 
when a child, and from him sprung the numerous people of that name in Pennsyl- 
vania. He was a soldier in the war of 1812. Andrew Steiner grew up and married 
in his native county, there reared his family, but died in Elkhart county, Ind., 
November 20, 1891,'having lived here two years with his daughter, Mrs. Fryman. 
He was a member of the United Brethren Church, and was a Republican in politics. 
He was a stone-mason by trade, as was his father before him, and became a promi- 
nent contractor, being especially skilled as a bridge builder. He was very charitable, 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 107 

ever lent a hand to the poor and needy, and was liberal in the use of his means in 
worthy causes. He was quite a Nimrod, took great delight in the sport, and every 
season spent some months in the Allegheny Mountains hunting deer and in fishing. 
His wife was a daughter of Henry Vile, and when quite young she was left an 
orphan and was reared by her grandmother Spangler. Her grandfather Spangler 
came from Holland, and tradition has it that he brought with him to this country a 
box of gold. To Andrew Steiner and his wife nine children were bom, and the 
latter made a number of trips to the West to visit her children, who had settled in 
Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. She died in 1877, at fifty- two years of age, an earnest 
member of the United Brethren Church. She was a Christian in every sense of the 
word, and was always very kind to the sick and poor. Her children were as follows: 
John A., born May 10, 1844, is living in Michigan, married .to Kebecca Womer; 
Catherine A. is the wife of Dr. C. J. I. Murray, of Morris, 111. ; Isaac A. is married 
to Tacy Maulfair, and lives in Maryland; Caroline, who died in childhood; Eliza- 
beth H. (Mrs. Fryman); Emma M. is the wife of Dell Young, of Chicago; Marius 
W., a dentist of St. Joseph, Mo., is married to Lillie Grant, daughter of Judge 
Grant, of Grundy county. 111. ; William, who is living in Maryland, was married to 
Sally Carminey, and after her death took for his second wife Sadie Sumerill; Mary, 
who is the wife of Adam Phranier, of San Francisco, Cal. ; Sadie, who died in infancy; 
. Charles, who died at the age of seven years, andMindie M., who is now Mrs. Peter 
Chapman of Goshen, Ind. Mr. and Mrs. Fryman were married in Lebanon county, 
Penn., in 1869, and soon after came to Elkhart county, Ind. They have two sons: 
Samuel A. born January 24, 1871, and is married to Alice Wagoman, daughter of 
Andrew and Catherine A. (Shoman) Wagoman, and is now living on a farm owned 
by his parents. He and his wife have one child, a daughter, Fern, who was born 
May 29, 1892. Samuel is a Republican, and is a wide-awake, pushing young man. 
The second child born to Mr. and Mrs. Fryman was Marius W., born October 14, 
1889. They are members of the Progressive Church, and Mr. Fryman has always 
been a Republican. He has a good farm of 112 acres, and he and his vrife are 
among the most popular residents of their section. 

Dr. Julia D. Godfbet, physician and surgeon, is a worthy example of this 
progressive age and of what can be accomplished by the "weaker sex," when op- 
portunity is afforded. She possesses those attributes necessary for a successful 
career as a practitioner of the "healing art," for she is naturally kind hearted and 
sympathetic and has the happy faculty of inspiring hope and courage in those upon 
whom she is called to attend, while her native intelligence and thorough and prac- 
tical knowledge of her calling can not be denied. She was born in Brown county, 
Ohio, in 1852, and comes of an excellent family, lier parents being Abner Devore 
and Louise M. Gardner (mother's maiden name), who were also Ohioans, the former 
a successful tiller of the soil in the Buckeye State. He and his wife became the 
parents of six sons and one daughter. The maternal and paternal grandfathers 
were clergymen. Dr. Mrs. Godfrey received her initiatory training in the public 
schools and subsequently entered Ursuline Convent, and from there became a student 
in the Lebanon State Normal School, but shortly after entering this institution her 
mother died, which prevented her from finishing her course, as she immediately re- 
turned home and began keeping house for her father. After teaching several terms 
of school she was united in marriage to Samuel Godfrey and after a lapse of a few 
years she took up the study of kindergarten methods, but did not put the knowledge 
thus gained into practical use. About this time she set her heart upon pursuing a 
medical career and with the energy which has ever characterized this wide-awake 
lady she began the earnest study of medicine and graduated from the Hahnemann 
Medical College, of Chicago in 1891. She then located in South Bend, where she 
has since made her home and where she has deservedly built up a very satisfactory 
practice, which fully occupies her time. She deserves much credit for the way in 
which she had surmounted the obstacles which have strewn her pathway in the 



108 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

fields of science, and her career is a nseful object lesson to others of her sex to "go 
and do likewise. ' ' She has made nnmerous friends and her future career is bright 
with promise. She is a member of the Northern Indiana and Southern Michigan 
Medical Associations, and makes it the aim and object of her existence to keep well 
informed of the progress made in her profession. 

Jeremiah Bechtel. A glance at the interestiog genealogy of the Bechtel fam- 
ily shows that Jeremiah Bechtel comes of very prominent people, who have become 
noted in the annals of Elkhart county history, and who have, by their upright, 
straightforward course through life, kept their names vinspotted and honored in the 
sight of God and man. Mr. Bechtel is at present a banker of Wakamsa and one 
of the most prominent citizens and business men of the place. He owes his nativity 
to Blair county, Penn., born September 30, 1848, and was the fourth child born to 
Daniel and Sarah (Neterer) Bechtel (see sketch of Daniel Bechtel). When but a 
child our subject was taken by his parents to Elkhart county, Ind., and there grew 
to manhood amid the rude pioneer surroundings of Harrison township. He at- 
tended the district school near his home and there laid the foundation for his sub- 
sequent prosperous career. When twenty-one years of age he emigrated westward 
and located in Clinton county. Mo., where he engaged in farming, but on account 
of sickness came home where he worked on a farm by the month for two years. 
Later he engaged in the lumber business and still later bought a farm in Union 
township on which he erected a saw mill. This he operated for about sixteen years 
in connection with farming and since 1877 has made his home on the farm in Union 
township, where he owns a fine tract of land. He was very successful as a farmer 
and mill man and in that way the foundation for his fortune was laid. Success fol- 
lowed him, he grew in wealth year by year, and is to-day one of the wealthiest men 
of the county. He is possessed of superior business ability, excellent judgment 
and his prosperity is due wholly to his energy and enterprise. Mr. Bechtel con- 
tinued the lumber business in connection with farming until the last few years and 
on September 15, 1890, he started what is known as the Exchange Bank of 
Wakarusa. He is recognized as one of the solid business men of the county, is 
an accomplished and polished gentleman, both by instinct and training, and a very 
pleasant acquaintance. Public spirited and progressive, he gives his hearty support 
to all enterprises worthy of mention. In his political views he is a strong advocate 
of the principles of the Republican party and has held a number of local positions, 
being county commissioner in 1888 and re-elected in 1890. The first time he was 
elected by a majority of 700 votes in the county. It is probable that Mr. Bechtel 
has given more attention to the roads than any man in the county, and his energy, 
industry and perseverence in every enterprise he has undertaken, is an example 
worthy of imitation by humble youth. Mr. Bechtel selected as his life companion 
Miss Louisa McDowell, a native of Elkhart county, born November 14, 1851, in 
Harrison township, and the daughter of William and Elizabeth (Cart) McDowell 
(see sketch of William McDowell). Mrs. Bechtel was the eldest of five children 
born to her parents and was reared on her father's farm in Harrison township. She 
received a good education in the district school and then became a school teacher, 
following that profession for five terms in Elkhart county, and meeting with the 
best of success. After marriage Mr. and Mrs. Bechtel resided on the farm in 
Union township, but in 1892 they bought a handsome residence in Wakarusa and 
make their home there at the present time. They have two children, Harvey S. , 
born December 5, 1882, and Ruth G., born November 29, 1891. Mr. Bechtel and 
wife have many acquaintances and are classed among the best citizens of the 
county. 

William McDowell. For many years this worthy gentleman was a resident of 
Harrison township, Elkhart Co., Ind., but is now a prominent citizen of Harvey 
county, Kan. He is a native of that grand old State, Virginia, bom August 24, 
1823, and his parents, James and Jane (Boyd) McDowell, were born on the green 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAJfA. 109 

isle of Erin. James McDowell was brought to this country by his parents when only 
about a year old, and a settlement was made in Greenbrier countv, Va., where the Mc- 
Dowell family made their home for many generations. Some of the early members 
of the family participated in the revolutionary war, and were patriotic and honora- 
ble citizens. James and Jane McDowell reared a family of children, and when 
William was but eight years of age they emigrated by wagon to Elkhart county and 
settled in Harrison township, where they took up land and began making a home 
for themselves in the midst of the heavy timber. Many hardships and privations 
were experienced by this enterprising young couple, but they struggled with ad- 
versity and came out conquerors. Mrs. McDowell died in 1866, and her husband 
followed her to the grave in 1872. He was an old-line Whig in politics, and a 
Presbyterian in his religious views. His wife also held membership in that church 
and they were highly esteemed and respected in the community, not only as pio- 
neer settlers, but as worthy and honorable citizens. From the age of eight years 
William McDowell was reared on his father's farm in Harrison township, and at- 
tended the district schools of his day. After reaching man's estate he followed 
farming on the old home place and there remained until a few years ago, when he 
sold out and moved to Kansas. When twenty-five years of age he was married to 
Miss Elizabeth Alfard, a Virginia lady and daughter of Kobert Alfard, who came 
from the Old Dominion to Elkhart county, Ind. , at an early day. To this union 
one child was born, but mother and child both died. A number of years later Mr. 
McDowell married Miss Elizabeth Cart, daughter of Conrad and Rebecca (Fen- 
ton) Cart, the former a native of Germany and the latter of Ireland. Mr. 
and Mrs. Cart came to this country at an early day and settled in Green- 
brier county, Va., where Elizabeth was bom February 24, 1830. She died 
in Elkhart county in 1868, leaving five children: Louisa, bom November 
l-t, 1851, and is now Mrs. Bechtel; M. A., bom August 29, 1856, is the wife of 
Peter Bechtel, who now resides in Peabody, Marion Co., Kan.; Harriet A., 
born April 19, 1858, married George Moyer, of Peabody, Kan. ; Harvey S. , born 
March 10, 1862, died December 23, 1882, and Oliver E., bom April 20, 1867, is liv- 
ing in Kansas. Mr. McDowell's third marriage was with Elizabeth Friend, daugh- 
ter of an old soldier who was killed in the civil war. Five children were the fruits 
of this union: Charles, born December 3, 1870; Frank, bom December 21, 1872; 
Mary J., bom January 11, 1875; Lottie P., born in 1884, and George, born in 1886. 
Mr. McDowell is a prominent man in Kansas, and previous to moving to that State 
was one of the representative citizens of Elkhart county, Ind. 

John S-meltzer. Among the early pioneers of Elkhart county and Olive town- 
ship, Ind., and who has attained to a vigorous old age, is John Smeltzer, who, many 
years ago, came to this section with his wife, and settled on the farm on which a por- 
tion of the town of Wakarusa is now situated. John Smeltzer was born in the State 
of Pennsylvania on March 26, 1823, his parents being Michael and Susan (Rhodes) 
Smeltzer, who were also Pennsylvania people, and were of substantial German stock, 
possessing the thrift and energy for which that race of people have always been 
noted. In the State of his birth John Smeltzer was reared, and being one of a 
family of nine children had to work hard in bis younger days, and consequently 
received but little education. At an early date he emigrated to Richland county, 
Ohio, and for twenty five years there successfully tilled the soil. He was married 
in the Buckeye State to Miss Leah Lechlighter, daughter of Anthony Lechlighter, 
and in 1848 removed with her to Indiana, and located on a woodland farm in Elk- 
hart county, where they passed through all the vicissitudes and hardships of pioneer 
life. They still reside on the farm on which they first settled, and have a good and 
comfortable home about one-half mile east of Wakarusa. At an early day he 
started a saw-mill, and followed that business with good financial results for a long 
period. It was conducted under the firm name of John Smeltzer & Co. , and later 
as John Smeltzer & Sons, but is at present known as the Wakarusa Lumber Company 



110 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

and is still doing a paying business. The stockholders are F. Trisinger (Mr. 
Smeltzer's son-in-law) and Anthony and Henry J. Smeltzer and John Smeltzer, 
also the substantial citizen, Jacob H. Dell. All are shrewd and practical business 
men, and are running their saw and planing-mill in a very creditable and satis- 
factory manner. Mr. Smeltzer may be said to be a pioneer in the lumber business, 
and as a citizen has always been public spirited, enterprising and industrious, and 
as a natural result has accumulated a fair share of this world's goods. He and 
his wife are highly regarded by all who know them, and for many years have been 
in close communion with the Eeformed Lutheran Church. Of eleven children born 
to them ten are living: Susan, Henry, Anthony, Michael, Catherine, Joseph, Libbie, 
Daniel, Simon, John and Mary. These children are all in good circumstances and 
are an honor to the parents who reared them. For many years John Smeltzer has 
been retired from the active affairs of business life, his sons having taken the burden 
of the mill off his shoulders. Anthony Smeltzer, the third of their children, and 
now a member of the Wakarusa Lumber Company, was bom in Harrison township, 
Elkhart county, Ind. , June 7, 1850, and was reared on the old home farm near 
Wakarusa, whereTie was early taught to till the soil and to learn the duties neces- 
sary for the proper conduct of a farm. He obtained his rudimentary knowledge in 
the district schools and in the town of Wakarusa, but at the age of twenty years 
gave up farming to enter the saw-mill at Wakarusa, since which time his attention 
has been devoted to this work. For some time he also conducted a threshing- 
machine, and in a business way has been more than ordinarily successful, for he has 
a shrewd and practical mind, is quick to grasp at opportunities for bettering his 
financial condition, and has always been scruprdously honorable in his dealings 
with his patrons, never putting in practice sharp or doubtful methods, as so many do, 
in order to further his own interests. He has been familiar with saw-miUing since 
1869, and in 1875 was made a partner in the business, after which the firm was 
known as John Smeltzer & Sou. In 1880 Anthony was married to Miss Huma 
Helwig, who was born in Mahoning county, Ohio, November 4, 1854. Her parents, 
Caspar and Martha (Eckhart) Helwig, were of German descent, and the father is 
stiU a resident of Ohio, but the mother was called from this life in September, 1892. 
Mrs. Smeltzer was one of a family of eight children. She was married to Mr. 
Smeltzer in 1880, and immediately began keeping house in Wakarusa, where they 
have a very pleasant and comfortable home. They are members of the Christian 
Church, and Mr. Smeltzer now supports the People's party, although in the past he 
was a Republican. He leans to some extent toward the Prohibition party, for in 
every respect in his mode of living he is very temperate. He has held positions of 
trust and honor in Olive township, and at all times has shown himself to be very 
public spirited and interested in the improvements of the county. He and his wife 
have many friends, and are among the substantial and honored residents of Waka- 
rusa. Henry J. Smeltzer is the second child born to his parents, and passed his 
vouth very much as his brother did. In Richland county, Ohio, he first saw the 
light of day, May 18, 1848, and was an infant when his parents made the trip in 
wagons to Elkhart county, Ind. Henry has resided in the vicinity of Wakarusa 
since the year of his birth, and during this time the citizens thereat have had every 
opportunity to judge of his character and business qualifications, and naught has 
ever been said derogatory to his honor. Owing to the newness of the country and 
the scarcity of good schools, he only attended a few months each year, his youthful 
days being spent hard at work on the farm, the most of which he had to do, as he 
was the eldest son. This rough but practical school developed his intellect and 
resources at an early day, and his energies were expended on the farm until he WM 
nineteen years of age, when he commenced making his own way in the world. For 
some time he worked by the day at the carpenter's trade, then followed saw-milling 
for some time, and later entered the saw-mill business with his father, and since 
that time has been an active and useful member of the firm of Smeltzer & Sons and 



MEMOIRS OF lyBIAJfA. Ill 

the Wakarusa Lumber Company. He has made a success of his business life, and 
his natural business ability has been strengthened and broadened by experience. 
He has always been honest, straightforward and industrious, and as a result is suc- 
cessful. He has always supported the Republican party and is a public- spirited 
man. In September, 1867, when only nineteen years of age, he was married to Miss 
Barbara A. Ipe, a native of Ohio, a daughter of Washington Ipe, an early pioneer, 
who is still living in Union township, Elkhart county. Mrs. Smeltzer was born on 
April 8, 1849, and became a resident of this county when ten yeais of age. The fol- 
lowing children have been borne to her union with Mr. Smeltzer: Susan, is the wife of 
Jacob Walker, of Wakarusa, and is the mother of one child — Ealphns; William A. ; 

Charles E. , who is married to Carrie ; Hattie, who is the wife of Eli Weise. of 

Locke township; Cora; Carrie; Libbie; Agnes and Mary L John H.is deceased. Mr. 
and Mrs. Smeltzer are members of tbe United Brethren Church, of which they are 
worthy communicants, and have a substantial and comfortable home in the town. 
Like the other members of the family Mr. Smeltzer is public spirited, and has 
always manifested much interest in the development of churches and schools. He 
is a self-made man in all that the word implies, and one of which his family may 
well be proud. 

Oliver P. Wisler is the eldest child of Isaac Wisler, of whom extended mention 
is made elsewhere in this volume. That he has inherited many of the most worthy 
qualities of his people is acknowledged and his numerous friends testify to his 
honesty, kindheartedness and energy. He was bom on the farm owned by his 
father in Locke township, near the town of Locke, on the 13th of November, 1859, 
and while growing up attended the schools of Locke, where he laid the foundation of a 
practical education, later finishing his scholastic knowledge in the public schools of 
Syracuse, Ind. On his father's farm he learned lessons of industry and honesty and 
while attending school acquired a decided taste for books; which qualities admir- 
ably fitted him for the calling of a pedagogue, the duties of which he took upon 
his shoulders at the youthful age of seventeen. During the two terms that he fol- 
lowed this calling he was quite successful but gave it up to follow other pursuits. 
Many of his youthful days were spent in the wooden-ware factory belonging to his 
father, but in later life he became the owner and manager of a threshing machine, 
which he conducted for about seven seasons, and at the same time followed farming 
and bought and sold timber. In the management of these enterprises he showed 
that he possessed fine business qualifications, for his efforts met with abundant re- 
ward. Since he attained his twenty-second year he has farmed for himself, and 
since 1889 has resided on a farm of sixty acres in Locke township, of which he is 
the owner. He has dealt in lumber and timber for many years, has a superior 
knowledge of the business, and as he has been strictly honorable in all his dealings he 
is deservedly successful. He is at present engaged as assistant superintendent for 
" The Perley Lumber Company, " of South Bend, Ind. In his youth he learned 
the art of boiler making of his father, and for some time followed this occupation 
in South Bend. He has made a success of his life and it may with truth be said 
of him that he is a self-made man. He has always supported the principles of the 
Republican party, and like all the members of his family, is a public-spirited citizen. 
On the 20th of September, 1884, he was united in marriage to Elzina Blily. an 
adopted daughter of Louis and Sarah Blily. She was bom September 16, 1867 in 
Locke township, and from her marriage up to 1889 resided on the farm of Isaac 
Wisler, at which time her husband purchased their present farm. They have four 
children: Lester O., who was born August 13, 1885; Harry Otis, bom December 
6, 1886; Charles M., born June 7, 1888, and Glenn, bom October '43, 1889. Mr. 
and Mrs. Wisler have many friends with whom they are deservedly popular. 

Alesandeb Wilhelm. The learned professions have many disciples who aspire 
to honor and dignity in their chosen fields and all with greater or less reason to ex- 
pect their efforts to be crowned with success. - He of whom we have the pleasure of 



1X2 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAJL 

attempting a abort biographical sketch is one of the manv to woo the tickle goddess 
of fortune before the bench and bar. Nor does he aspire without cause, for nature 
has crifted him generously with those qualities that make themselves felt in the legal 
profession. Mr. Wilhelm was born in La Porte, Ind., November 18, 1861, a son of 
John and Emily (De La Barre) Wilhelm, both of whom were born in Germany, the 
family being of French, as well as German descent and of old Revolutionary stock. 
The mother's grandfather fled from- France and settled near Berlin, Prussia, in 
which country the grandmother is atill living at an advanced age. In 1848 John Wil- 
helm became an emigrant to the United States and although he first settled and resided 
in La Porte for some time, he is now a successful business man of Bremen, Ind. He^is 
a tailor by trade. Of the six children bom to himself and wife, five are now living, 
three sons *nd two daughters, of whom the subject of this sketch is the eldest son. 
Until five years of age he resided in La Porte, from which time until he attained bis 
majority he was a resident of Stark county, Ind. , and lived on a farm. When quite 
young he began making his own way in the world andat various times be attended the 
country schools and secured a fair education, which he further improved by con- 
siderable self-application. In 1879 he began school teaching, to which occupation 
he devoted his attention until 1885, by which means he secured suflScient money to 
enable him to take a mixed course in the Indiana University at Valparaiso. In the 
spring of 1886 he entered the law oflBco of Mr. Hubbard under whom he read law 
for some time, being admitted to the bar in 1887, after which be went to Horton, 
Kan. , and bung out his shingle, but soon discovered that this was not a desirable 
location and in 1890 returned to South Bend, of which place he has since been one 
of the leadinor practitioners, owing to his steady devotion to duty and the constant 
exercise of energy and judgment. His reputation is not bounded by the arbitrary 
limits of the county, but he is already becoming known in surrounding counties, and 
bids fair to acquire an enviable reputation as a legal practitioner. Politically be is a 
Democrat and socially is a member of the K. of P. and the K. O. T. M. October 
30, 1887, be led to Hymen's altar Miss Luella M. Goodrich, of South Bend, and to 
them two interesting children have been given: Helen B. and Halford V. 

Peter Fink is one of the most prominent farmers of Elkhart county, Ind., and 
there is no one who more fully illustrates in his career the unbounded energy and 
activity of the agriculturists of his section than does he. He was born in Lan- 
caster county, Penn., September 29, 1832. the oldest but one of eight children bom 
to Emanuel and Lydia (Madlern) Fink, the former of whom was born in 
Pennsylvania, a son of Philip Fink, who was of German descent. Emanuel Fink 
first removed to Ohio and in 1842 came to tbis country and settled on an eighty- 
acre tract of land in Olive township, and resided on two different farms there until 
his death which occurred in 1880. He was born in 1803 ; came by wagon to tbis sec- 
tion, at which time he was in straitened circumstances, but by following the plow 
and working at the carpenter's trade and in this manner succeeded in rearing his 
larcre family in comfort and accumulating a comfortable competency. In politics 
he was a Democrat, and held a number of offices in bis township. His wife died in 
this county in 1892, at the age of eighty-four years, a member of the Lutheran 
Church. She became the mother of nine children, the following of whom reached 
mature years: Samuel, Peter, Leah, Lydia, Elizabeth, Fianna, William and Nancy, 
all living in Elkhart county, but Fianna, who died several years ago. Peter Fink 
has been a resident of Elkhart county since he attained his tenth year, and in the 
schools of Ohio and those of this county he obtained his education. Until be was 
twenty-one years of age be made his parents' house bis home, at which time he was 
married to Mary Clause, daughter of John and Susanna (Snyder) Clause, both of 
whom were born in Berks county, Penn. Mr. Clause was one of the early inhabit- 
ants of Harrison township, but died in Locke township in 1878. He was the father 
of ten children: Sarah, Caroline, Elizabeth, Daniel, Benjamin, Diana, Tbillman, 
Susanna, Mary, Levina, seven of whom are are living. When the parents of these 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 113 

children came to this region they were fortunate enongh to possess some means by 
which they purchased eighty acres of woodland. They attended the Lutheran 
Church. Mr. Clause was a Democrat and was one of the substantial men of his 
section. Mrs. Fink was born in Medina county, Ohio, April, 1837, and was ten 
years of age when brought to Elkhart county. After Mr. Fink's marriage he settled 
on a woodland farm in Locke township, which he set to work to clear and on this 
farm he made his home until 1862, when he enlisted in Company 1, Seventy-fourth 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry with which he served until the war terminated, participa- 
ting in the engagements at Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, the Atlanta campaign, the 
battle of Jonesboro and in numerous skirmishes. He was in the hospital daring 
the winter of 1S62-3. The gun which he held in his hand was shot to pieces in the 
first day's battle of Chickamauga, and he also found some shot in the havei-sack 
which he carried at his side, bat was himself uninjured. He was always found at 
the post of duty and he was recognized as a true, tried and faithful soldier. His 
army career terminated at Washington, D. C. , in 1865, and he returned to his 
farm in Locke township and once more took upon himself the duties of civil life. 
Since 1866 he has been a resident of the farm he now occupies. He is a member 
of the G. A. E. of Wakarusa, and also belongs to the Masonic fraternity of the same 
place. He is a public-spirited man and has always helped to advance the interests 
of his section. He has one of the best improved farms of his section and gives con- 
siderable of his attention to tilling the soil. He and his estimable wife have reared 
a family of nine children: Henry A., bom December 26, 1854, is living in South 
Bend; Sarah A., born December 18, 1856 is the wife of John Riddle, living in 
Seneca county, Ohio; Reuben, born February 4, 1859, married, is a druggist of South 
Bend; Alcetta, born July 30, 1861, is the wife of Elliott Crull; Emanuel, born 
April 2, 1866, is a teacher near South Bend; John, bom October 6, 1869, is a drug- 
gist of South Bend; Frankie was bom July 17, 1875; Charles was born December 
11, 1878, and Mabel was bom August 27, 1882. The last three are at home. This 
is one of the finest families of the county, each and every member of which tries to 
live useful and correct lives, and judging by the numerous friends they have gath- 
ered about them they are without doubt succeeding. 

William Mack, cashier of Studebaker Bros. Manufacturing Company, of SonthBend, 
Ind. , is greatly esteemed throughout the city for his conspicuous ability, honorable 
business methods and geniality, and is considered a useful and trusted man by 
his employers. He was born in Hanover, Chautauqua Co., N. Y., October 9, 
1828, a son of John and Clarissa W. (Hanford) Mack, natives of New Hampshire, 
and Connecticut respectively, of Scotch-Irish and English origin. The Macks were 
among the early settlers of the New England States, and early members of the fam- 
ily were distinguished participants in the war for independence. The father and 
grandfather were farmers and early settlers of Chautauqua county, N. T. , but the 
former was also a lumberman and clid considerable business as interpreter for the 
Government among the Indians. He died in South Bend in 1877, having come to 
this place in the fall of 1844. He followed different callings, and for some years 
was secretary for Ale.-cis Coquillard, and assisted him in the removal of the Potta- 
watomie Indians from this section. He was Mr. Coquillard' s secretary when the 
latter laid out the town of Lowell, now part of South Bend. His wife bore him 
three sons and one daughter that grew to maturity: John, Walter, William and 
Helen, and his second wife bore him two children, one of whom is living, James L., 
of St. Louis. William Mack remained in the State of bis birth until about sixteen 
years of age, then came to South Bend and at once began learning the mason's 
trade which he followed as his chief means of livelihood until 1865, at which time 
he became book-keeper and cashier for Studebaker Bros., and has filled the last 
named position with ability ever since. He has almost grown up with this immense 
manufacturing establishment and has held one of the most important positions sub- 
ject to the bestowal of the proprietors. His executive ability and intelligent views 



114 PICTOniAZ AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

on all matters of importance liave been recognized and he has served as a member 
of the city council and as water-works trustee and many years ago was trnstee of 
the village of South Bend. He received his early schooling in the rural dis- 
tricts of New York and in the Fredonia (New York) Academy, but his practical 
knowledge was obtained in the hard but useful school of experience. He is a cour- 
teous and obliging gentleman, always takes pleasure in assisting others and in all 
his business relations he is punctual, reliable and merits the confidence reposed in 
him. He has attained to the commandery in the A. F. & A. M., and he and his 
wife, whom he married in 1852, and whose maiden name was Laurette Thurber, are 
members in good standing in the Baptist Church. Mrs. Mack was bom on Penn- 
sylvania soil and came to LaPorte county, Ind., in her youth. She bore her hus- 
band two sons: Walter E., of Cleveland, Ohio, and William H., of the A. C. Staley 
Manufacturing Company, of which he is secretary and treasurer. 

David Rodlbauoh, who for sixty-one years has been a resident of Jackson town- 
ship, Elkhart Co., Ind. , was born in Montgomery county, Ohio, on January 18, 
1819, a son of David and Saloma (Bodibaugh) Rodibaugh, the former of whom 
was born in Westmoreland county, Penn. , a son of John Rodibaugh, who was of 
German extraction, and died in the Keystone State. David Bodibaugh, father of 
the subject of this sketch, grew to manhood in his native State, and in 1812 moved 
to Ohio and became the owner of a tract of Government land. Owing to the fact 
that he lived on the frontier, he was not a soldier of the war of 1812, for his serv- 
ices were required to protect the homes of the early settlors. He cleared his farm 
from timber and sold it in 1831 and here, also, settled on a tract of Government 
land in Jackson township, Elkhart county. On this farm he resided until his death 
which occurred on December 4, 1844. He was a man devoted to his business, paid 
strict attention to clearing his farms, and being hard-working, honest and upright, he 
became possessed of considerable means. He experienced many hardships in his 
frontier career, but prospered through it all, was a life-long member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and was devoted to Christian work. His many years of hard 
labor provided each of his seven children with homes after his death, and gave them 
comforts throughout his life. He held official positions of trust in his township, 
was interested in all enterprises tending to improve the section in which he lived, 
and his death, which occurred in his fifty-seventh year, was greatly deplored. His 
wife was born in the same county in Pennsylvania as he himself was, and died in 
Indiana in 1869. She was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and was 
a woman of true Christian spirit. She became the mother of thirteen children, but 
only reared seven: Adam, Leah, Samuel, Lavina, David, Susan, who is Mrs. Row- 
ell, of Goshen; John, Lyda, Isaac, Mary A., Catherine, Abner, Eliza, who is 
Mrs. Butler, of Jackson township. David, Mrs. Rowell and Mrs. Butler are the 
only members of the family that are now living. The subject of this sketch has 
been a resident of Elkhart county since he was twelve years of age, and accordingly 
became familiar with pioneer life in Ohio and Indiana. He attended the subscrip- 
tion schools which were in vogue in his day, in which he acquired a rudimentary 
knowledge of the three B's. He remained with his father until twenty-four years of 
age, then took up the battle of life for himself, and on November 17, 1842, wag 
united in marriage to Martha J. Shaw, who was born in Virginia, July 26, 1823, and 
who was a daughter of one of the old pioneer settlers of Elkhart county. To them 
four children were born: the first an infant son, born and died September 6, 1843; 
Albert W., was born April 1, 1845, and died September 13, 1847; Elmira, bom 
August 19, 1847, and died October 14, 1872; Lorenzo D., born October 13, 1850, 
is now the owner of a woolen and saw-mill at Bainter, Jackson township. The 
mother of these children died June 16, 1852, and on January 1, 1856, Mr. Bodi- 
baugh took Rebecca Baringer for his second wife, her birth having occurred in 
Pennsylvania March 4, 1829, a daughter of David Baringer, who came to Elkhart 
county, Ind., during the early history of this section. To the second marriage a 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 115 

family of nine children were born, as followa: David D., bom April 11, 1856, 
is living at New Paris; Sylvester D., born November 3, 1857, and died May 2, 1881; 
Andrew J., born May 29, 1859, is married and is residing near the old home; 
Eebecca J., was bom May 20, 1860, and is the wife of Ira Miller, of Jack- 
son township; Lnciuda, was born November 3, 1861, and is the wife of Jacob 
Wyland; Oliver P. M., was born October 13, 1863, and died October 7, 1865; Su- 
sanna, was bom April 20, 1865, and died October 15, 1865; Lovina, was born Decem- 
ber 31, 1866, and Emma A., born March 8, 1868, is married to Charles Wyland, of 
Jackson township. The Baringers were among the early settlers of the county and 
the mother of Mrs. Kodibaugh is still a resident of Jackson township and has 
passed the eighty-fifth milestone of life. Mr. Rodibaugh started to farming after 
his first marriage, is now the owner of a large tract of land and is one of the most 
responsible men of his township. He has been a Republican in politics, but is now 
a member of the People's party. He has not been particularly active in the polit- 
ical arena, but has held a number of township offices with credit to himself 
and to the satisfaction of all concerned. Although he started out to fight life's bat- 
tles with little means, he has been eminently successful and has each of his chil- 
dren a farm valued at from $10,000 to 112,000, but in the accumulation of his 
means he has been generous in assisting worthy causes, being especially liberal to 
schools and churches. Farming and stockraising have been his principal callings 
throughout life, and the success which has followed him in these lines is an example 
to others to "go and do likewise. '' 

H. D. Johnson is the general superintendent of the immense wagon and carriage 
manufacturing establishment of South Bend, Ind., and also of the Chicago & 
South Bend Railroad. To the duties of these oflSces he brings the special qualifica- 
tions of a wide range of practical experience, sound judgment and thoroughly prac- 
tical knowledge. He was bom September 8, 1859, in Monroe, Mich. , and was the 
second son of C. G. Johnson, a native of the Wolverine State, andAbbie Cobb John- 
son, of the State of New York. His rare qualifications for handling large interests 
ably were mainly inherited from his father, who for eighteen years was cashier of 
the First National Bank of Monroe, and the owner of two flouring mills and one 
woolen mill at the same place. He was for years chairman of the Michigan State 
Board for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind. An intelligent, pushing man of affairs, he 
faithfully, carefully and efficiently discharged the duties of every position he held, 
and is now one of the wealthy retired citizens of Monroe. Mr. Johnson was reared 
in Monroe, graduated from the high school of that place, after which he entered 
Lake Forest Academy, where he remained for two years, and subsequently pursued 
his studies for two more years at Beloit College. His school life over, he returned to 
Monroe, where he learned the miller's trade and was presented with one of his fa- 
ther's steam flouring mills, which he conducted in a successful manner for several 
years. On March 4, 1882, Mr. Johnson came to South Bend, and entered as 
an apprentice in the wagon department of Studebaker Brothers Manufacturing 
Company. Later he purchased an interest in the company, and held successively 
the positions of assistant superintendent, assistant manager and finally general 
superintendent, working his own way up to the latter position, which he now occu- 
pies. He has proved to be the right man in the right place, and under his able 
supervision the work of these mammoth factories moves along with clock-work pre- 
cision. Possessing a naturally keen and discerning mind, he has fine business at- 
tainments and is decidedly practical. In September, 1881, he was married to the 
daughter of Mr. J. M. Studebaker, vice-president of the company. To them three 
children have been born. Mr. Johnson is one of the originators of the SouthBend & 
Chicago Railroad, of which he was made general superintendent upon its organiza- 
tion. He is also a member of the National Union of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, and an associate member of the American Institute of Mining Engineers. 
Being interested in St. Bernard dogs, he is president of the South Bend Kennel 
Club, and one of the board of governors of the American St. Bernard Club. 



116 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

LoBENZo D. KoDiBAtTGH. Amongf the wide-awake business men of Elkhart county, 
Ind., it is safe to say that none enjoys a larger measure of success and public con- 
fidence than Mr. Rodibaugh, whose business is as prosperous, in proportion to the 
capital invested, as that of any other in the county. He was born in the county in 
which he now resides October 13, 1850, to David and Martha Jane (Shaw) Rodi- 
baugh, a sketch of whom is given in this volume. Lorenzo D. was reared on the 
farm on which his father is still residing, and the district schools in the vicinity of 
his home afforded him a practical education, although he was compelled to assist 
his father on the farm at an early age. In 1873 he began an independent career, 
for which he was better fitted than the average young man, for besides possess- 
ing sound intelligence he was very practical and far-seeing and in his youth had 
been driUed in the thorough, if rather hard, school. The first wages of his own 
which he earned was in his father's extensive woolen mills, and there he remained 
three years, obtaining a practical insight into the details of the business. This mill 
was the first to be erected in the county and did quite an extensive carding business, 
which became very much reduced during the war. The mill was then purchased 
by another party, who greatly improved it in every way and operated it with success 
for about twelve years. However, in 1872, he sold it to Clark & Rodibaugh, and 
by them it was conducted in a very successful manner until 1877, when Lorenzo 
D. Rodibaugh bought the interest of Mr. Clark and the firm from 1877 to 1888 was 
known as Rodibaugh & Son . In the last mentioned year Lorenzo D. Rodibaugh 
became the sole proprietor of the business and has conducted it in such a successful 
manner that it has become one of the leading establishments of the county and is a 
great credit to the good judgment and intelligence of the proprietor and manager. 
Mr. Rodibaugh sold his flouring mill to Thomas Clayton, it being the oldest mill in 
northern Indiana. Mr. Rodibaugh has what is called a two-sets woolen mills and 
eleven looms. His establishment gives employment to eighteen hands; and fine 
blankets, flannel and skirtings of a high grade are turned out in large quantities. 
In dimensions the mill is 40x90 feet, a substantial frame building, and the dye house 
is 30x40 feet. The mill is finely fitted up with the latest improved machinery that 
it is possible to get for the successful conduct of the business. They turn out some 
of the finest work that is done in the country and there is a large demand for the 
product of these mills. Everything is thoroughly inspected before leaving the 
mills, and it is hardly necessary to say that Mr. Rodibaugh in all cases uses the 
very best material he can buy. Under the able management of its present proprie- 
tor the business has experienced a prosperous and reassuring growth and is looked 
upon as one of the best conducted and most reliable of its kind in the country. For 
some time past Mr. Rodibaugh has also been interested in the lumber business and 
has a well-equipped saw mill which has a capacity of 8,000 feet per day. He 
makes a specialty of manufacturing hardwood, especially oak, and in this establish- 
ment five or six men are employed. Both plants are supplied with water power 
from the Elkhart River. Politically Mr. Rodibaugh has always been a Republican 
up to within a few years when he began supporting the Democratic party. He is a 
public-spirited and enterprising man of affairs; is an acquisition to the county, and 
is deservedly a worthy and esteemed citizen.- In 1874 he was married to Miss Alice 
Lower, who- was born in Elkhart township, September 13, 1855, a daughter of 
Daniel and Lvdia Lower. Mr. and Mrs. Rodibaugh have four children: Melven M., 
born September 26, 1874; Clara M., bom March 17, 1877; Myrtle M., born May 2, 
1881; Lawrence, born April 21, 1883; and have a pretty and comfortable home in a 
fine portion of the town. They are popular and well liked and move in the highest 
social circles of the section in which they reside. Mr. Rodibaugh is a self-made 
man and one whose good name has remained untarnished. 

. — E. B. Rdssell, secretary of the Indiana Traveling Men's Accident Association of 
South Bend, Ind., is a native of Genesee county, Mich., his birth occurring at Mt. 
Morris, July 10, 1859, but in the beautiful city of Detroit he was principally reared. 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 117 

His father, J. B. Russell, was a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, is now 
superannuated and a resident of Scotts, Mich. He was bom in Niagara county, N. 
Y. , and for over thirty years was an active laborer of his church, and for a number 
of years a prominent member of the Detroit conference. He was married to Miss 
Margaret J. Ferrill, and to them were given two chUdren: E. B. and Carrie, the 
former of whom was educated in the State Normal School of YpsUanti, Mich., which 
institution he left a short time before graduating. He then went on the road for 
Ivisou, Blakeman, Taylor & Co., as their Michigan representative, and after hold- 
ing this position for three years, he entered the employ of the Detroit Evening 
Journal, of which he was superintendent of circulation and acting business manager 
for four years, resigning this position to take the western office of the Chicago Daily 
News, located at Cedar Rapids, Iowa. He remained thus employed for five years, or 
until July, 1892, when he resigned to engage in his present work, and since that 
time has been one of the progressive and prominent business men of South Bend. 
He organized the Indiana Traveling Men's Accident Association July 23, 1892, of 
which substantial organization the following officers were elected: Albert Listen- 
berger, president; Leighton Pine, vice-president; M. B. Staley, treasurer; E. B. 
Russell, secretary; H. T. Montgomery, surgeon. Board of Directors: C. B. 
Stephenson, chairman; H. G. Miller, Cary Owen, A. H. Stephenson, J. C. Birdsell, 
Jr., Albert Listenberger, Thad. S. Taylor, E. B. Russell, C. B. Hibberd, George 
H. Hummell. Vice-presidents: A. A. Holcomb, Kansas; William A. Meyer, Iowa; 
C. A. Prior, Michigan; J. W. Raynor, Ontario; B. F. Hevener, Pennsylvania; E. 
R. Lightcap, Illinois; R. J. WoUett, Indiana; E. T. Wilson, Nebraska; J. G. 
Stankey, Oklahoma Territory; Mont. Tillotson, New York; H. B. Watterman, 
Indiana; H. A. Rounds, Maine; T. J. Swan, Wyoming; E. J. Richardson, Washing- 
ton, D. C. ; E. J. Ruggles, Massachusetts; G. Comstock, Texas; N. J. Rice, Missouri; 
C. A. Gould, Kentucky; D. J. Caine, Ohio; C. W. Beall, Minnesota. The member- 
ship at this writing is over 5,000. Mr. Russell has taken great pains and much 
interest in forming this association, and under his most capable supervision it has 
had the most rapid growth of any similar association ever organized in the world 
during a corresponding period. The association is for the benefit of traveling men 
only, and is not, as its name would imply, a local organization, but has members in 
every State and Territory in the Union, and even foreign countries are contributing 
to its membership. It is believed that this association will be one of the largest of 
its character in the world, and as it takes only the most preferred risks known to 
accident insurance companies, it is believed that the cost to the members will never 
exceed $5 per annum, for §5,00ft accident insurance. In event of death by accident 
the association pays the beneficiary §5,000. In event of temporary disability, the 
insured receives §25 per week, not exceeding fifty-two weeks. For loss of both 
arms, both legs or both eyes by accident, the insured receives §5,000; for one hand 
or one foot he receives §1,250, and if disabled for a period of two years or over he is 
considered permanently disabled, and receives §2, 500. This association has been of 
great value to the city of South Bend, and will continue to be so, through the 
advertising that the city will receive by virtue of the home office being permanently 
located here. Mr. Russell deserves much credit for tuis enterprise, and is a 
deservedly popular man in South Bend. 

Daniel Lower. During the forty odd years that this gentleman has been a res- 
ident of Elkhart county, Ind. ,he has thoroughly identified himself with every in- 
terest of the same, and has been very public-spirited and progressive. He was 
bora in Berks county, Penn., April 24, 1825, the eldest but one of eight children 
born to John and Mary (Mullen) Lower, the former of whom was also a product of 
Berks county, where he was bom in 1801. His parents, Christian and Christina 
Lower, were descended from early settlers of this section. Christian's father, who 
bore the same name as himself, having been born in Germany. He came to this 
country long before the opening of the Revolution, and upon his farm in Berks 



118 PICTORIAL AMD BIOGRAPHICAL 

county, a fort was erected during that war which stood for many years. When the 
subject of this sketch was nine years of age this fort was still standing and he well 
remembers the construction of the building. It was also used in early days as a 
protection from the Indians. The great-grandfather, Christian Lower, reared three 
sons: Christian, John and Benjamin, but John died when young and only the other 
two reached mature years. The eldest of these, Christian, became a large land 
holder and prominent in the pioneer life of Pennsylvania. Benjamin was a soldier 
in the war of 1812 and was captain of a company. Both Christian, Sr., and Chris- 
tian, Jr., died on the old home farm in Pennsylvania, the latter becoming the 
father of three sons: Christian, John and Daniel. He died in the harvest lield 
from drinking cold water when qverheated. Each of his children married and 
reared familes of their own. The older members of the family were Tories and 
Democrats. John Lower grew to manhood in Pennsylvania, married there Mary 
Miller and in the old fort on his grandfather's farm his two eldest children were 
bom. His wife's parents were Solomon and Mary Miller, native Germans, who early 
became residents of Berks county, Penn. Mrs. Lower was born in 1803, and 
with her husband removed to Ohio and until 1854 was a resident of Stark county, 
Ohio, then came to Elkhart county, Ind., and settled near Goshen. The father died 
there in 1859 and the mother in 1876, both being earnest members of the church at 
the time of their death. The father was a Democrat throughout life. The children 
reared by this worthy couple were as follows: William, who died in 1872, was a 
farmer of this county; Daniel; John is a man of family and is residing in Elkhart 
county; Leah died in 1880; Evaline was married to Andrew Youst, of Jefferson 
township; Eliza is the wife of Henry Rhodes, of Harrison township; Lavina is the 
wife of Isaac Kile, of Harrison township. The family came from Ohio to Indiana 
by wagon and here became identified as the leading citizens of their adopted county. 
Daniel Lower attended the subscription schools of his day and was reared by his 
worthy parents to be honest and industrious. In 1847 he was married in Ohio to 
Lydia Snyder, who was born in Stark county, Ohio, May 31, 1828, a daughter of 
George A. and Lydia (Bear) Snyder, the former of whom was born in Maryland, a 
son of George and Eebecca (Young) Snyder, and became one of the first residents 
of Ohio. Lydia Bear was a daughter of Samuel and Catherine (Devalo) Bear, who 
also removed from Maryland to Stark county, Ohio. The parents of Mrs. Lower 
were married in Stark county, Ohio, and in due course of time became the parents 
of eight children: Catherine the wife of Jacob Schnman, of Elkhart county; Mi- 
chael who is a farmer of Marshall county, Ind. ; Lydia (Mrs. Lower), Mary, who 
became the wife of Henry Shirk, of Elkhart townstip; William, who is residing in 
Stark county, Ohio; Josiah, whose home is in Elkhart county; John, who is living 
in Stark county, Ohio, and Edward, who lives in Marshall county, Ind. The father 
and mother of these children died in Goshen in 1S82 and 1891 respectively, 
having been residents of this county from 1864. They were members of the 
Lutheran Church, and the father was a farmer and a Democrat politically. All 
their children attained mature years. Mrs. Lower was reared on the old homestead 
in Stark county, but for many years has been a resident of Elkhart county and 
until 1882 resided on a farm, but since that time has lived at 517 South Main 
street, Goshen. Although Mr. Lower met with many hardships in early life he has 
been successful, all of which is owing to his own determination and push. Polit- 
ically he is a Democrat, and has held the oiBce of township trustee for four years. 
He and his wife are members of the Lutheran Church and iu this faith have reared 
their children, whose names are as follows: Edward, who was born October 15, 
1848, is a carpenter of Goshen, is married and has a family; Daniel S., who was born 
April 18, 1850, is a cabinet-maker of Goshen, is married and has no children; 
Christina was born September 12, 1852, is the widow of John Evans, and 
has three children; Lydia A. was bom August 23, 1854, and is the wife of L. D. 
Rodibaugh; Mary J., bom December 13, 1856, is the wife of Perry Miller, of 



MEMOmS OF INDIANA. 119 

Elkhart township and has three children; Frances, bom Jnne 19, 1858, is the 
wife of Jeremiah Holsmyer and has two children; George, bom September 28, 
1864, is married to Addie Alasander, and is a hardwood finisher of Goshen, and 
Minnie, who was born August 17, 1867, is the wife of Kalph Higy, a machinist of 
Goshen. Mr. Lower is in good circumstances and owns a good farm of 143 acres 
in Elkhart township, and the fine residence property on which he lives in Goshen. 
B. F. Waldokf, ex-county surveyor of St. Joseph county, Ind., was born in 
Morrow county, Ohio, March 25, 1852, a son of Samuel D. and Maria (Coleman) 
Waldorf, who were born in New Jersey and Pennsylvania respectively. The pater- 
nal grandfather, Philip Waldorf, was a Germaa by birth and when about six years 
of age was brought to this country and in the State of New Jersey spent the re- 
mainder of his days, from which State he enlisted in the war of 1812. He was a 
farmer by occupation. Samuel D. Waldorf, his son, was also a farmer and in an 
early day removed to Ohio, where he was married and resided until 1858, when he 
made a home for himself and family on a farm in St. Joseph county, Ind. He was 
twice married, his first wife being a Miss Hopkins, by whom he had one son and two 
daughters: James, who served in the Second Minnesota Regiment during the war; 
Mary and Sarah, both of whom are deceased. The mother of these children was 
of Scotch descent. After a twenty years' residence in Center township he re- 
moved to South Bend, where he, in process of time, was called from this life, in 
1884. His widow survived him five years, having borne him eight children, of 
whom four sons survive: C. S., B. F., J. M. and J. D. The subject of this sketch 
was reared in this county, and obtained a good education in the county and city 
schools. He was an ambitious youth, anxious to obtain money, and when quite 
young he hired out to John Brownfield, a dealer in dry goods and one of the first 
business men in the city, and in his employ remained for some time. He then, with 
his brothers, embarked in the grocery and agricultural implement business and for 
a number of years they carried on a successful business, winning the respect and 
confidence of a large number of patrons. In 1888 he was elected by the Democratic 
party, which he had always supported, to the office of county surveyor, was hon- 
ored by a re-election in 1890, and retired from the office in 1892, carrying with 
him the good will and respect of his constituents as well as of his political op- 
ponents. He is now following the calling of a salesman, and his agreeable manners 
and desire to please have made him quite popular. He is a member of that worthy 
order the K. of P. His marriage was celebrated in 1876, Miss Mary E. Hopkins 
becoming his wife. Two sons and two daughters have been given them: Nellie, 
now in the high school of South Bend; Guy, Walter and June. 

Samdel S. Perlet, the capable manager of the Coqnillard Wagon Works and 
acting trustee of the Coquillard estate, was born in Portland, Me., October 8, 1861, 
son of Jonas H. and Fannie S. (Smith) Perley, natives of Maine and Massa- 
chusetts respectively. The Perleys are of English stock and came to this country 
about the year 1700, locating in Massachusetts, where members of the family passed 
through the Revolutionary war and later the War of 1812. The majority of the 
male members of the family were ministers of the gospel, and were eloquent and 
faithful workers of the Christian cause. Jonas H. Perley was president of the 
Board of Trade in Portland, Me. , for four years, being the second man to hold that 
ofliee, and for many years he was an influential member of society in that city. In 
1869 he removed to Detroit, Mich., where he embarked in business with Charles 
Merrill and Thomas Palmer, and until 1875 they successfully conducted a large 
lumber trade. At the above mentioned date Mr. Perley retired from the business, 
later came to South Bend on a visit to his children and was here called from life in 
March, 1892, after a long and well-spent life. He left the heritage of an unsullied 
name to his children, which was rather to be desired than great riches. He was 
the father of nine children, seven of whom survive him: Mrs. George W. Van 
Dyke, of Detroit; Dr. H. O., of Washington, D. C, a surgeon in the regular army; 



120 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

Clayton J.; Maude, the widow of Alexis Coquillard; Samuel S.; Arthur P. and 
Kirk W. The subject of this sketch was principally brought up in Detroit, his 
residence in Portland, Me., comprising the first ten years of his life. He was edu- 
cated in the famous university of Notre Dame, at South Bend, graduating in 1881, 
and immediately thereafter entered the office of the CoquiUard Wagon Works, his 
first position being that of book-keeper. He was soon after promoted to cashier and 
private secretary, which position he held until Mr. Coquillard' s death, when Mr. 
Perley was made trustee of the estate under iiis will, and also manager of the 
wagon factory. Very ably has he discharged his trust and the business has been, 
unusually prosperous under his management, and the patronage has rapidly in- 
creased, which is the result, without doubt, of his wide range of practical ex- 
perience, sound judgment and thorough knowledge of the requirements of the trade. 
None but skilled hands are employed and the materials used are of the best, while 
the designs are new and artistic, and the workmanship substantial and graceful. 
Although Mr. Perley is young in years he has shown remarkable business judgment 
and has successfully developed and handled the great business and estate since it 
came into his hands. He is also connected with one of the largest hardwood lumber 
businesses in the State, which is owned and controlled by himself and his two 
brothers, Arthur P. and Kirk W. 

Make B. Thompson was one of the leading pioneers of Elkhart county, Ind., 
and as a public-spirited citizen, a kind and accommodating neighbor and an honor- 
able man of business, he had not his superior in this section of the coimtry. He was 
among the very first settlers of Jackson township, Elkhart county, coming thither 
from Wayne county, Ind., in 1829, where he had lived for a number of years. He 
was a native of Orange county, N. Y., where he was born November 17, 1802, of 
Scotch-Irish descent, and a son of John Thompson, who made an early settlement 
in the State of New York. The latter was a soldier in the War of 1812 and was in 
the battle of New Orleans. His occupation was that of a raftsman of the Ohio and 
Mississippi Kivers, and while on one of his trips died in the city of New Orleans. 
The Thompsons removed from New York to Butler county, Ohio, in 1803, and there 
devoted their attention to tilling the soil until after the death of the mother, when 
the father, Mark B. Thompson, who was born in Orange county, N. Y., December 
17, 1802, emigrated to Indiana, and upon his arrival in Elkhart county, pre empted 
the east half of section 2, Jackson township, which was in a primitive condition and 
heavily covered with timber. The nearest neighbors at that time were Col. John 
Jackson, Elias Riggs, William Simpson, Major Violett, William Latta and Asel 
Sparkling. He was first married to Jane Thomas, a daughter of John Thomas, a 
native of Wales, and took for his second wife Harriet Howell, a widow, by whom he 
became the father of five children: Charles E., Catherine J., Mark B., Lafayette H, 
and a daughter that died in early childhood. The father was called from life on 
the 6th of May, 1872. 

Chahles M. B. Haeske, superintendent of the wagon department of Studebaker 
Brothers, of South Bend, Ind. , is a courteous and obliging gentleman, and since 
holding the above-mentioned position has shown himself to be thoroughly compe- 
tent and reliable — in fact, the right man in the right place. He was born in the 
Province of Posen, Germany, October 27, 1856, a son of Michael and Frances 
(Uebler) Haeske, the former of whom is deceased, but the latter is still a resident 
of the old countiy. Seven sons and one daughter were bom of the union of 
this worthy couple, and Charles M. R. was reared in his native land, in the pub- 
lic schools of which country he received a practical education under his father, 
who was a successful and experienced educator. When in his fifteenth year, 
Charles M. R. sailed for America and landed in the city of New York, after which 
he came directly to South Bend, Ind., where his parents had friends living. He 
at once secured a humble position with Studebaker Brothers as chore-boy, thread 
cutter, etc., but after a time began learning the blacksmith's trade with the same 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 121 

firm, his evenings being spent in attending night school, in which he obtained a 
fair English education. From time to time, as his services demanded, he was pro- 
moted to better positions, and through his own native talent and worth to his em- 
ployers he attained his present position as superintendent of the wagon depart- 
ment — a responsible position, but one which he has filled in a very satisfactory 
manner and to the decided benefit of his employers. In the management of the 
men that are under him he has shown himself to be intelligent and firm, yet 
genial and obliging, and he commands the hearty good will and respect of his 
subordinates. Ever since coming to the United States he has identified himself 
with the interests of this country, which can boast no worthier man among its Ger- 
man-American citizens. Some time ago, owing to impaired health, he spent three 
years in his native land, but upon the restoration of his health he returned to South 
Bend, and here has since resided. In 1882 he took for his companion through life 
Miss Sophie Meyer of South Bend, and to their union three children have been 
given: Clyde F., Ethel M. and Margaret I. Mr. and Mrs. Haeske are members of 
the German Methodist Episcopal Church, and socially he belongs to the A. F. & A. 
M. and the K. O. T. M. 

Henkt F. Elbel, foreman of the stock department of the Singer Manufactur- 
ing Company of South Bend, Ind., is universally popular and respected in busi- 
ness circles, and the company with which he is connected is a worthy and valu- 
able addition to the skilled industries of South Bend. He is a native of the city, 
his birth having occurred November 9, 1856, to Lorenz and Johanna (Mainer) 
Elbel, who came from their native land of Germany in 1851 and took up their resi- 
dence in South Bend, where they still reside. In their family were six sons and 
two daughters, the former of whom are skilled and experienced musicians, their 
names being as follows: Henry F., Herman, Kichard, Robert, Fred and Louis. The 
father and his sons comprise an orchestra which is known as the Elbel Family Or- 
chestra. They are all natural musicians and are well known, not only in St. Jo- 
seph, but in the surrounding counties as well. Henry F. Elbel was reared in the 
city of South Bend, and in the public schools of that city he obtained a practical 
education. When only a lad he started out to make his own way in the world as 
an employe of the Singer Manufacturing Company, and although his position was 
humble and his compensation small, it was an excellent school for the young lad, 
and taught him lessons of industry and self-reliance, and as his usefulness to his 
employers increased he was promoted accordingly; and, after filling various posi- 
tions was given his present responsible place. He is now the oldest employe in 
the service of the company, for he has been with them since 1869, and their trust 
and confidence in his ability, intelligence and faithfulness is unbounded. He is a 
young man of rare business qualifications, and it is needless to say that he has im- 
proved his opportunities and deserves the success which he now enjoys. He is a 
Democrat politically, and on that ticket was elected a member of the city council in 
1888, by the largest majority ever given in his ward, in which capacity he served 
four years, being the youngest man ever elected to that body in South Bend. He 
was made president of the Turners' Society in 1891, and is now serving his third 
term. He is a stockholder and secretary of the South Bend Porcelain Companv, 
and socially belongs to the K. O. T. M. He is still unmarried, and makes his 
home with his parents. His sisters are Antonia and Laura. 

Thomas Clayton. Among the grist millers of Indiana, none are more thoroughly 
posted in their business, or manufacture a better brand of flour than Mr. Clayton, 
whose long experience in this line of work has made him perfect. On June 18, 
1837, he was born in Crawford county, Ohio, and was the sixth child in a family of 
ten children, born to Thomas and Mary E. (Myers) Clayton, the former of whom 
was born in Richland county, Ohio, in 180-1, and there resided until he reached man's 
estate, when he removed to Crawford county, Ohio, where he resided ten years. At 
the end of this period he removed to Van Wert county, where he was called from 



122 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

life in 1852, at the age of forty-eight years. He was a Democrat ia politics, a 
prominent man politically and socially, as well as in a business way, and for many 
years was a leading member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He accumulated 
considerable means, was very public spirited, and for twelve or fifteen years filled 
the position of justice of the peace. Having been reared in the woods of Ohio, as 
a natural consequence, he was quite a Nimrod, and many deer fell victims to his skill 
with the rifle. In 1849 he lost his wife, whose birth had occurred in Pennsylvania, 
she being a daughter of George Myers, who, with his wife, was a native of Germany, 
their removal to America, and their settlement in Pennsylvania taking place in an 
early day. Later they took up their residence in Crawford county, Ohio, where 
they passed from life. Mr. Myers was an officer in the War of 1812, and became a 
well-to-do farmer of Crawford county. He and his wife reared a family of ten 
children. Thomas Clayton, the father of the subject of this sketch, was married in 
Crawford county, and by his wife became the father of ten children: George W. ; 
William, who died in Kosciusko county; Samuel, who is living at Milford, Ind.; 
Nancy J., who died after marriage to John Duncan; Susan J., who died after her 
marriage to J. K. Masters; Thomas, the subject of this sketch; James, who is living 
in Goshen and was a soldier in the Civil war; Mary E., who is the wife of John 
Ellsworth of Missouri; Sarah, who died young; Henry, who died while serving in 
the Seventy-fourth Regiment, Indiana Volunteers, at the age of nineteen years, hav- 
ing been a participant in a number of important engagements. The parents of these 
children were communicants of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and were prosper- 
ous and substantial citizens of the section in which they resided. The paternal 
grandfather, Henry Clayton, came from England and endured the hardships and 
privations incident to pioneer life in Ohio, from which State he enlisted in the War 
of 1812, being a member of the United States army. He eventually became a 
resident of Allen county, Ind., where he paid the last debt of nature in 1855, having 
attained to an advanced age. His wife, who bore him ten children, died in Iowa, 
whither she had moved with her youngest children. Thomas Clayton, whose name 
is at the head of this sketch, remained with his parents in his native county until 
he attained the age of sixteen years, during which time he became familiar with 
pioneer life in the woods of Ohio. He led the usual life of the farmer's boy of 
that period, and while following the plow or wielding the hoe, not only improved 
and strengthened his muscles, but learned lessons of industry, economy and honesty, 
which materially aided him in obtaining a competence in later years. What 
education he now has has been gained through his own efforts, and in the hard 
school of experience, but this work taught him self-reliance, and strengthened his 
judgment as nothing else could have done. In 1853 he came to Elkhart county, 
Ind., and began making his home in Jackson township with his aunt, Mrs. Chilcote, 
but was troubled very much with ague, and on that account returned to Ohio, where 
he spent the winter, returning to Indiana in the spring. Since that time, with the 
exception of a few years when he lived in Kosciusko county, Elkhart county has 
been his home. He worked on a farm, and when twenty years of age he secured a 
small piece of woodland in Michigan, which he later traded for a team, and later 
traded the team for forty acres of land in Scott township, Kosciusko Co., 
Ind. , which was also heavily timbered. He sold this land and purchased a tract of 
land in Jackson township, Elkhart county, near New Paris, and lived one year on 
this farm, but disposed of this in 1864, and purchased a stock of dry goods in 
Milford, which he conducted two years with success. Following this he entered the 
milling business in Milford, but after successfully conducting this for six years, he 
disposed of it also. He thea began farming in Kosciusko county, and in two years' 
time traded for his present farm in Elkhart county. He owns in one body 360 
acres of land, all of which was well improved, and devoted to the raising of the usual 
northern products. He has magnificent buildings, his residence which was erected 
in 1885, costing between 36,000 and S7,000. He has a fine bank barn 40x80 feet. 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 123 

Mr. Clayton is one of the most extensive stock raisers in the county, and one of 
its most enterprising, thorough and practical farmers. In 1888 he decided to again 
embark in nulling at Baintertown, for which plant he traded 238 acres of land. He 
has conducted this in a very satisfactory manner from a financial standpoint, and 
the mill, which is what is called a lOO-barrel mill, having seven sets of rollers, turns 
out the brand of flour known as the Pride of New Paris, which is very popular 
and well known. Mr. Clayton also owns thirty-two acres of land near the mill, and 
a half interest in thirty-six acres of other land for water power. Mr. Clayton 
has been very successful as a man of business, although he has met with some 
reverses in his race for fortune, but his judgment has usually been exceptionally 
sound. He is of the stuff of which model citizens are made, and his record as a man 
of honor has remained untarnished. In politics a Republican, he has always taken 
an active interest in the good of his party, and has held the position of trustee of 
Jackson township, and the same in Van Bureu township, Kosciusko county. He 
was one of the county commissioners in 1887, and is well known in political circles 
as a reliable and substantial man. He was first married in March, 1860, to Miss 
Amanda Eahrer, daughter of Daniel Rahrer, who was one of the early pioneers of 
Elkhart county. Two children were born to this union: Enoch and Amanda, and 
when the latter was one year old, her mother died. Amanda was born in Jackson town- 
ship in 184:0, eventually married and became the mother of the following children: 
Cassius M., born June 25, 1860, is married and has two children; Mary B., bom 
May 15, 1862, died when fifteen months old; Emma, born June 25, 1864, died at 
the age of two years; William E., bom November 4, 1866, is a miller by trade; 
Daniel, bom January 21, 1870, and James E., who was bom March 2, 1873, died at 
the age of sis months. The mother of these children was reared at New Paris, and 
was only thirty-three years of age at the time of her death. For his second wife, 
Mr. Clayton took Rebecca Curtis, who was born in Elkhart county, July 21, 1853, a 
daughter of Harrison and Mary (Kirkpatrick) Curtis, who were early pioneers of 
Elkhart, and are living at Milford. Mr. and Mrs. Curtis reared the following children : 
Martha, Rebecca J. (Mrs. Clayton), James H., Sarah E., Joseph E., Mary E., 
Susan, Atha, John E. , Charles, Arthur and Ida. One child died in infancy. The 
parents of these children were from Ohio. Mr. Clayton's second union resulted in 
the birth of five children: Harley, born August 27, 1875; Perry, born May 28,1877; 
Otis, born January 14, 1879; Herbert, born October 26, 1880, and died young, and 
Craige, bom December 13, 1883. Mr. Clayton has always been a patron of educa- 
tion, and has given his children good advantages. He is one of the most enterpris- 
ing citizens of the county, and he and his wife are worthy church members. He is 
a member of the Kosciasko Lodge, No. 418, A. F. & A. M., at MOford. 

Will A. Endley is the editor and proprietor of The Independent, of Walkerton, 
a breezy sheet, which enjoys a good circulation and is published in the interests of 
the community, especial attention being paid to local affairs, making it a history of 
the events that transpire in this locality. Moreover, it reviews most intelligently 
the public issues of the day, and its advertising columns are well tilled and show 
that the merchants of Walkerton appreciate it as a medium for making themselves 
known to the people at large. The intelligent and able editor of this journal was 
bom in La Grange, Ind., October 9, 1863, and was principally reared in the towns 
of Butler and Brimfield, Ind., attending the schools of those places, where he 
obtained a practical education. At the age of sixteen years he entered the oflice 
of the Visitor of Walkerton, where he learned the art of printing. In 1879. in 
company with Charles C. Richmond, son of Dr. Richmond, he established the Van- 
guard, which they published a short time. In 1880 Mr. Endley' s father purchased 
Mr. Richmond's interest and the paper was enlarged and changed to The Repub- 
lican, which they continued to successfully conduct for two or three years, when the 
Doctor sold out to his son and the latter removed to South Bend, where he was 
reporter for the Daily Tribune for some months. He then took charge of the local 



124 PICTORIAL JJfD BIOGRAPHICAL 

department of the Daily Times, holding this position until the paper was discon- 
tinued. Mr. Endley then went to Chicago where he worked at his trade two or 
three years, but in July, 1886, returned to St. Joseph county and bought out what 
was then the Visitor, of Walkerton, and changed it to the Independent, which he 
has since controlled and published. The paper is a spicy, independent, six-column, 
eight-page quarto, and as Mr. Endley is an experienced and practical printer he 
conducts his paper very successfully, notwithstanding the fact that he is quite a 
young man. He is a member of the K. of P., and being urbane, courteous and 
agreeable and an interesting conversationalist, he is welcomed in the highest circles 
of society. In 1888 he was married to Miss Nellie, daughter of Prof. J. A, Jones, 
formerly principal of the Walkerton schools, and for a number of years she was a 
teacher in the schools of South Bend. Mr. Endley is a son of the late lamented 
Dr. J. F. Endley, whose untimely death was sincerely mourned, not only by his 
immediate and sorrowing family, but also by all who knew him. The following is 
a short sketch of his life taken from the La Porte Daily Herald: " The Doctor was 
born near JeromeviJle, Wayne county, Ohio, August 22, 1839, and was consequently 
in hia fifty-third year at the time of his demise. When about five years old he moved 
with his parents to La Grange, this State, where he obtained his education in the 
public schools. As he reached manhood he read medicine and began the practice of 
that profession, afterward attending Knsh and Bennett Medical Colleges, Chicago, 
from the latter of which he graduated January 5, 1871. June 21, 1861, Dr. Endley 
married Miss Nellie Coomer at La Grange. Two children were born to them, a 
daughter and a son, the former of whom died in infancy. The son. Will A,, is pub- 
lisher of the Independent. In 1864 the Doctor became a member of the I. O. O. F. 
From La Grange he removed to Brimfield, this State, where he began hie first con- 
nection with the press, becoming a contributor to the KendaUville papers under the 
nom de plume of " Is Slinger," writing humorous articles. He also became local 
correspondent for the Stayidard. Dr. Endley remained seven years at Brimfield, 
going from there to Walkerton, where he at the time of his death had resided six- 
teen' years. In 1879 he started a paper which was Republican in name and in fact. 
He published it about three years. About five years ago he issued the first number 
of the Independent, which has been a success from its inception. It began on a small 
scale, but has been enlarged from time to time. In size and editorial ability it com- 
pares favorably with its contemporaries. The Doctor wrote for the Independent from 
the commencement of its career, and for the past two years was editor. He served 
as councilman two terms and was secretary of the board of health at the time of his 
decease. Dr. Endley was a man of strong convictions. Whatever he believed to be 
right he clung to with tenacity. He was a devoted husband, an affectionate parent 
and an unswerving friend. He was a strong Republican, and at one time, particu- 
larly during the Garfield campaign, was very active in politics. He might have 
held ofSce but seemed to have no fancy for it. Whatever cause he sustained he 
espoused because he believed in it with his whole heart. He was particularly 
devoted to Walkerton, and labored for its development with all the power he pos- 
sessed, and he was a power in the place, and was so recognized by everybody there, 
editing as he did the only newspaper in the town. He had an eye single to Walk- 
erton's interests and never failed to speak a good word for it. He was foremost 
on all public occasions, such as Fourth of July, Memorial Day, etc., and where he 
led, such was the confidence in him, and so highly was he esteemed, that other 
men did not hesitate to follow. He will be missed in Walkerton, probably in a way 
that no other person would be missed, and there was universal sorrow in the town 
at his demise, which came like a shock to the community, so unexpected was it. 
The feeling regarding the Doctor among members of the press was well expressed 
by the South Bend Times, which said: "' The sudden death of Dr. J. F. Endley, of 
the Walkerton Independent, will be sincerely regretted by a host of friends who 
have of late years learned to highly prize his literary and journalistic work. He 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAJfA. 125 

was a versatile writer — decidedly origiaal, sometimes unique, and always interest- 
ing and entertaining." The Doctor was brimful of energy. Nothing was suffered 
to lag when he once took hold of it. He neglected nothing. He stood well in the 
medical profession, always keeping pace with the many improvements being con- 
stantly made. About three years ago he attended a physician's course in Bennett 
college, holding a professor's chair, dissecting for the class and lecturinsr. Dr. End- 
ley was twenty-four years engaged in the practice of medicine." When his last 
sickness overtook him he at first doctored himself carefully but at last outside aid 
had to be called in, but without avail. Take him all in all he was a good citizen, 
and there was universal regret at the unexpected ending of so promising a career. 
Hon. Thomas J. Wolfe, dealer in men's and boys' clothing, gent's jewelry, 
watches, etc., at Walkerton, lud., has made the establishment over which he pre- 
sides a synonym for all that is popular, progressive and honest. His personal char- 
acter is as high as his business repute, his honorable deportment in all the relations 
of life commanding the confidence and respect of all who know him. He was born 
in a little log house near Ligonier, Noble county, Ind., August 8, 1851, son of 
Leonard and Lutitia (Martin) Wolfe, natives of Ohio and of German-Scotch ancestry. 
The maternal grandfather was a soldier in the War of 1812. The family came from 
Ohio to Indiana in wagons, in 1837, and for one year resided in Noble county and 
then removed to a farm near Middlebury in Elkhart county, after which they 
returned to Noble county in 1848 and purchased land about one and a half miles 
from Ligonier where they settled in the woods. They built a little log cabin, the 
chinks filled with mud, and a mud chimney in which they lived in true pioneer style 
until better improvements could be made. The woods were filled with wild game 
and wolves were numerous and sometimes dangerous, so much so that the mother 
would often throw coals of fire among them to frighten them away. On this place 
the father died in 1856, his widow surviving him until October, 1892. They reared 
a family of ten children: Martha, widow of C. C. Gilbert; William J., residing near 
Armour, S. Dak.; Jane, wife of Henry Hostetter, of Knox, Stark Co., Ind.; 
Ellison M., of Lincoln township, this comity; Maggie B., wife of F. M. Chapman, 
assessor of Ft. Wayne, Ind. ; Charles S., of Ligonier; Khoda A., wife of J. J. Miller, 
of Walkerton; and George W., Theron A., and Thomas J., also of that place. The 
last mentioned was the youngest of the family and was reared on a farm in Noble 
county where he received such education as the common schools afforded, being 
compelled to walk two miles to a little log house to attend a three months' winter 
term of school. The remainder of his time was spent in helping to clear the forests, 
and in following the plow or wielding the hoe, in fact, he was made thoroughly 
familiar with pioneer life on a farm in all its phases. At the age of sixteen years 
he removed to Ligonier with his mother, the public schools of which he attended for 
three winters, his examination cards, dated 1868-9, being still in his possession. In 
1869 he began learning the dentist's profession and in the spring of 1870 located at 
Walkerton and worked at his profession exclusively for one year, at the end of 
which time he began clerking in a store belonging to his father-in-law, C. W. N. 
Stephens, as well as attending to the duties of his profession. He remained in the 
store until 1875, having charge of the clothing department, in which he afterward 
bought a half interest, and moved it to a store room adjoining and then assumed 
entire charge of the same. In March, 1883, he became sole possessor of the stock and 
has since conducted it very successfully alone. He began life a penniless boy, but 
the industry and push which he has ever manifested, have been rewarded and he is 
not only in good circumstances financially, but be is also an influential and respected 
citizen of his section, whose honesty is unimpeachable. In addition to his clothing 
house and tailoring establishment he also deals in baled hay and straw, and in 1892 
shipped about 375 car loads, and is the owner of two good farms besides town prop- 
erty. He is what may be termed self-made. His busy life does not prevent him 
from active participation in all worthy projects for the advancement of the material 



126 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

interests of his section, and has done much to advance and promote the well being of 
his fellow citizens. In 1880 he was elected by his numerous friends to represent 
them in the Lower House of the State Legislature, and after serving very efficiently 
one term declined a re-nomination and also that of county clerk which was tendered 
him. He has always been a stanch Republican politically, and socially is a member 
of the A. F. & A. M., the L O. O. F. and Knight Templars. He was married in 
1871 to Miss Mary F. Stephens, by whom he has seven children: Addie, Thomas J., 
Jr., Belle, Claude, Verne, Merton and Beatrice. 

Jackson Greene, farmer. The farming class of America, and especially of the 
northern tier of States, is notable for the degree of intelligence that is possessed 
among its representatives. Jackson Greene belonged to one of the most progres- 
sive of families, and was proud of the fact that his father was one of those fast 
disappearing landmarks of heroic past, an early pioneer. Mr. Greene was born in 
Greene county, Ohio, December 18, 1814, son of John and Nancy (Jackson) Greene, 
natives of Delaware and of English ancestry. The father was left an orphan when 
a youth and was taken to visit relatives in the State of Maryland, but afterward 
became one of the early settlers of Greene county, Ohio. His means were very 
limited at this time but he was ambitious to become the owner of a home of his own, 
and for this purpose began looking around for a suitable location, and on his way 
to Michigan passed through St. Joseph county. After reaching the Lake State he 
piirchased a tract of heavy timber land. However, in 1832, he came to St. Joseph 
county, Ind., and entered land by proxy, one mile from where the subject of this 
sketch resided, upon which he erected a little log cabin and lived in rude style 
until better improvements could be made. There were but three families in the 
vicinity at that time, but with characteristic vigor he set to work to clear his land, 
consisting of 196 acres, on which place he resided until his death in 1838, in 
which year there was a great deal of sickness. He was the father of fourteen 
children, two of whom died in infancy. Three sons and one daughter only are 
now alive: Nelson, Daniel, James and Martha, widow of Eichard Inwood. From 
this old and prolific family Greene township derived its name. In the early days 
of their settlement the Indians were far more plentiful than the whites, and wild 
game of various kinds roamed the woods, and from the cabin door the sire and sons 
often brought down deer with their rifles. Jackson Greene was eighteen years of 
age when his parents came thither, and was a healthy, strong and stalwart young 
man, well fitted to endure the struggles and hardships of pioneer life. His edu- 
cation was obtained in the common schools of Ohio, and after coming to this county, 
he attended two terms in a little log cabin, with greased paper for window lights 
and otherwise fitted up in a very primitive manner indeed. His life was devoted to 
agriculture, and he became the owner of a finely improved farm of 800 acres, which 
was conducted on progressive principles and was the source of a good income. 
Mr. Greene had every reason to be proud of his political record, for he cast his 
first vote at the first election held in the township, for Martin Van Buren, and voted 
for every Republican President since that time and never cast a vote outside of 
Greene township. He was more closely identified with the interests of his section 
than any other man living in it, and for twelve successive terms held the position 
of township trustee. He was the efficient public servant of Uncle Sam at Sumption 
Prairie postoffice, but though devoted to the good of his party he was never a 
particular aspirant for public favor. August 15, 1849, he led to the hymeneal 
altar Miss Mary Knott, daughter of David and Margaret (Braerley) Knott, natives 
of New Jersey, who first settled in Greene county, Ohio, and in 1837 in St. Joseph 
county, Ind. Of a family of six children born to Mr. and Mrs. Greene, only two 
are living: Margarette, wife of A. J. Beyers, and Charles B., of South Bend. 

Dr. Jacob R. Brown, physician and surgeon, of Sumption Prairie. The gen- 
tleman, the salient points of whose life history we shall endeavor to give below, is 
one of the most prominent physicians and surgeons in St. Joseph county, Ind., and 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAIfA. 127 

his experience in this way in civil life has been supplemented by the crucial one of 
witnessing death and the most terrible of wounds, with their attendant surgical 
operations, while in the Civil war, in which he was the efficient surgeon in the Twen- 
ty-ninth Indiana Regiment for two years. As a gentleman. Dr. Brown commends 
himself most pleasantly to those with whom he comes in contact. He is a man of 
great force of character. He is well read and informed, not only as regards his pro- 
fession, but in the current topics of the day. He was born in Augusta, Carroll Co., 
Ohio, December 7, 1823, and at the present time is the oldest practitioner in the 
county. He is a son of Charles and Eliza (Finch) Brown, the former of whom was 
born in Virginia, and the latter in Maryland, both being of English origin. The 
paternal grandfather, Thomas Brown, was a colonel in the Revolutionary war, and 
after the cessation of hostilities removed from his native State to Ohio by wagons, 
entering land in Columbiana county, and being one of the pioneers of that section. 
Indians were very numerous in those days, but he courageously faced the hardships 
and dangers inevitable with pioneer life, and there made his home until he was acci- 
dentally killed by being thrown from his horse. Charles Brown, the father of the 
Doctor, was a farmer throughout life, and died in Carroll county, Ohio, in 1833, 
being about forty-tive years of age at that time, but his widow survived him until 
1882, dying in St. Joseph county, Ind. She bore her husband six children, but only 
two are living at the present time: Dr. Jacob R., and Mrs. Mary Gantz, of Carroll- 
ton, Ohio. Three of the children died in 1892, within six months of each other. 
Dr. Jacob R. Brown was reared in Carrollton, Ohio, where he received his initiatory 
training, and, later, finished his knowledge of books at Athens. He resided on his 
father's farm until twenty-one years of age, but when about eighteen began the study 
of medicine, and followed school teaching in order to defray his expenses in some 
medical college. He built himself a small house, in which he lived all alone, and 
all his spare moments were devoted to hard study. After attending the Ohio Med- 
ical College, of Cincinnati, he had no funds with which to establish himself profes- 
sionally, and, in order to obtain means, accepted a position as clerk on an Ohio River 
steamboat, which position he filled for two years, and saved some money. He soon 
after located at Osnabnrg, Ohio, and in 1850 came to St. Joseph county, Ind., and 
located right where he now lives, at which time he had but 25 cents in money. He 
formed the acquaintance of the late Col. L. M. Taylor, of South Bend, and a warm 
friendship was fonned which only ended with the latter's life. The Colonel sold 
Dr. Brown 100 acres of land and gave him his own time in which to pay for it. On 
this land was a small log house, in which the Doctor and his family lived until his 
means permitted better improvements. By industry and economy he soon built up 
a lucrative practice and was soon in fair circumstances. His practice extended in all 
directions about twenty miles from home, and he would often be gone two and three 
days at a time, attending to his professional duties, leaving his young wife to look 
after the place, which she often found to be quite a heavy responsibility. The Doc- 
tor is now the owner of 180 acres of nicely improved land, and can now enjoy the 
fruits of his early industry. He is endeavoring to give up the practice of his pro- 
fession, but his numerous old friends and patrons still insist in calling upon his serv- 
ices. On December 7, 1848, he was married to Miss Sarah A. Gorgas, a native of 
Mechanicsburg, Penn., whose people were of German origin, her great-grandfather 
having come from that country. Her parents were Jacob and Catherine (Ober) 
Gorgas, the former of whom was a silversmith and manufacturer of pianos. They 
first removed from Pennsylvania to Canton, Ohio, where the mother eventually died, 
the father's demise occurring in Chicago. Mrs. Brown was at one time a very tine 
musician, as was her father before her. Dr. Brown is a member of the G. A. R. 
(.luten Post, No. 8, of South Bend), and is a Knight Templar in the A. F. & A. M. 
He is a member of the St. Joseph County Medical Society, the Indiana State Med- 
ical Society, and the American Medical Association. He is now examining surceon 
of the pension board of South Bend. For sixteen years the Sumption Prairie post- 



128 PICTORIAL A^D BIOGRAPHICAL 

office was kept in his house. He is in every respect a self-made man, and every dol- 
lar that he now possesses was earned by himself, with the efficient help of his ami- 
able and intelligent wife. 

John W. Ellis, president of the Elkhart Paper Company. The gentleman 
whose name heads this sketch is endowed by nature with such gifts as characterize 
true manhood and progressive citizenship in aU that the words imply, and is de- 
scended from ancestry that won honorable distinction in the American Kevolution as 
well as in the War of 1812, manifesting their love for truth, justice and right and for 
their country by deeds of valor on many a bloody battlefield. His paternal grand- 
father, Jacob Ellis, who was born in New Hampshire, was a lineal descendant of 
the Ellis family that landed at Plymouth Kock. He was reared to manhood on a 
farm and was following that occupation when Great Britain was endeavoring to en- 
force her unjust laws, and when the call for troops came he gallantly responded and 
served throughout the entire struggle with the mother country, rising to the rank of 
lieutenant. After the war terminated he removed to Oneida county, N. T., with 
his family, and was one of the first to settle in the vicinity of Utica. Here he resided 
until he paid the last debt of nature at the advanced age of ninety-four years. He 
was the father of two sons and two daughters: Jacob, Joel, Cynthia and Sarah. 
The eldest of these children, Jacob, was born in New Hampshire April 20, 1787, but 
was left without the loving care of a mother when he was very young, and when his 
father took up his abode in the Empire State, he also located there and there attained 
man's estate. He became interested in freight transportation on the lakes, by 
schooners, and found this quite a profitable source of revenue. On June 16, 1811, 
he was united in marriage to iVIiss Catherine Burch, who was born in Saratoga 
county, N. Y., December 28, 1792, being one of fifteen children born to Thomas and 
Nancy Burch. About one year after the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Ellis they set- 
tled in Oswego county, N. Y., of which they were among the first settlers, and se- 
cured 112 acres of land of the Holland Purchase, and although the land was totally 
unimproved and heavily covered with timber, they settled thereon, erected a log 
cabin and began battling for an existence in the wilderness, their capital consisting 
of much enercy and pluck and a hand-made "chest," which they used as a table, and 
the contents of which consisted of their sole personal effects. Not long after mak- 
ing this settlement Mr. Ellis entered the service of his country to participate in the 
War of 1812 and was at Sackett's Harbor at the time the British endeavored to make 
a landinc Years after, or about 1850, Mr. Ellis received as compensation for his 
services a warrant for 160 acres of land. He was a man of indomitable energy, was 
resourceful and progressive and developed a fine farm from the forest and erected 
substantial buildings thereon. In Pulaski, the county seat, he built a large hotel, 
which he conducted for two years, but his early days of pioneer life had left its im- 
pressions upon him, and in the early part of 1831 he concluded that the far west had 
more attractions for him and offered better advantages and opportunities than the 
hemlock stumps and pine knots of Oswego county, and he boarded a schooner for 
Detroit, his objective point being Chicago, for he realized a portion of the possibili- 
ties of a country located at the head of navigation. Leaving Detroit, he started 
across the country on foot with his knapsack strapped to his back and walked the 
entire distance to Elkhart— over 170 miles— and upon arriving at that place was 
persuaded to locate, which he did after due consideration, purchasing about a half 
section and entering a section of Government land adjoining what is now the city 
limits on the east of the town, which at that time was called Two Mile Plain. He 
then returned to New York and in October, 1831, brought his family thither and set- 
tled on the land he had previously purchased and entered and which was destined 
to be his future home. He was very successful in all his undertakings and brought 
under cultivation over 500 acres of excellent and valuable farming land, and erected 
the first frame barn that was ever put up in Elkhart county, in the spring of 1882. 
Durintr those early days an enormous business was done by boating on the river for 





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t/ 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 131 

the shipment and importation of merchandise and Mr. Ellis, being a live business 
man, erected a large warehouse at the confluence of the Elkhart and St. Joseph 
Elvers, and he also owned boats for the transportation of goods. He did much for 
the development and upbuilding of Elkhart, and while putting forth his efforts to 
bring about this desirable result he also increased his own wealth and at one tima 
owned over 1,000 acres of land, besides other valuable business interests which were 
eventually divided among his children. In an early day, after stages began to 
thrive, Mr. Ellis built a tavern on his farm and for about eighteen years conducted 
this on his farm, it being the headquarters and stopping place for stages and the 
traveling public for some fifteen years. His wife bore him eight children as follows- 
Maria, Fannie, David (who died in infancy), Joel, David, John W., Sarah and Louisa. 
John W. and Fannie are the only surviving members of this family, the latter beine 
the wife of Edward Loomis, a resident of California. Jacob Ellis, the father of these 
children, was a member of the Masonic fraternity from the time he was a young 
man until the day on which his death occurred, December 26, 1860, and he was 
also a life long member of the Congregational Church, as was his wife. In the 
early part of his manhood he affiliated with the Whig party but he afterward be- 
came a Republican, although he voted for Andrew Jackson on one occasion. His 
last years, which ended a useful and successful career, were spent retired from act- 
ive life and in comfort in the homes of his children. To illustrate the generous 
character of Mr. Ellis, the following is given: Daring the first years of his resi- 
dence in Elkhart county educational facilities were very meager and Mr. Ellis con- 
tributed the use of a building for a schoolroom for the use of the rising generation. 
He was also first and foremost in contributing and assisting to establish religious 
advantages in the way of churches, although the denomination was not always of 
his own choice. His son, John W. Ellis, whose name heads this sketch, was born 
in Oswego county, N. Y. , August 12, 1825, and therefore, was less than six years 
of age when his parents settled in Elkhart county, at which time the country was 
extremely wild and the population mainly consisted of Indians. During his boy- 
hood days his playmates in many instances were the dark-skinned children of the 
forest, and as far as occupation went his father found a ready use for him on the 
home farm, and with that line of work he became thoroughly familiar. His educa- 
tion was necessarily limited, for his advantages were very few, but by close applica- 
tion he succeeded in mastering a great deal of useful information which he could not 
otherwise have obtained. When abont twenty years of age his father placed him in 
charge of the large warehouse on the banks of the St. Joseph River, and he found his 
time fully occupied, for at that time the entire business of the section came through 
river navigation and his father practically had control of all the storage and for- 
warding transacted here and did an enormous business. Although the position was a 
very responsible one, Mr. Ellis was gifted with natural executive ability and success- 
fully managed affairs for about four years, when an older brother took his place and 
Mr. Ellis turned his attention to merchandising, which calling occupied his attention 
until the spring of 1850, when he went to the gold regions of California in search of 
a fortune. He made the trip across the plains from where Omaha is now situated 
to Sacramento in fifty-six days, the quickest trip recorded of the season. Two years 
later he returned east as far as Illinois and for four years was a merchant in that 
State, after which he returned to his former home in Elkhart and from that time 
until 1870 the peaceful calling of a farmer occupied the attention of Mr. Ellis but 
he also continued to carry on merchandising. Like his father before him he has de- 
voted his influence and his means to assist in improving and building up the citv and 
no enterprise of any importance has been inaugurated to which he has not lent val- 
uable aid, either in the way of money or by influence and labor. He is one of the 
promoters and builders of the Excelsior Starch Company, and for twenty years was 
closely identified with the same, being secretary of the company a considerable por- 
tion of this time. It was an enterprise that employed from ten to twelve hands at 



132 PICTORIAL AUD BIOGRAPHICAL 

first, but now gives employment to seventy-five or eighty, with a corresponding in- 
crease in business. He also assisted in establishing the Eagle Knitting Works, 
which was started in a modest way but now furnishes work for 400 people. He was 
president of this institution for many years, and was one of the projectors of the 
Electric Street Railway, being one of its board of managers and secretary of the 
company. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and has taken all the degrees 
up to that of Knight Templar, and he is an active member of the Congregational 
Church. Politically he has always been a Eepublican and from 1860 to 1872 he 
was assessor of the town and township and during the Civil war was enrolling 
commissioner and deputy collector of internal revenue. He was also one of the 
first aldermen after the organization of the city. On July 26, 1849, he was manied 
in Lake county. 111., to Clarissa W. Green, who was born in Bristol, Vermont, Sep- 
tember 22, 1831, a daughter of Isaiah and Mary (Gage) Green, who were born in 
the Granite State. Mr. Green died in 1864, but Mrs. Green survives him and re- 
sides with her son, Cullen W. , in Elkhart. Mr. and Mrs. Ellis are the parents of 
five children: Mary C, Jay B., John F., James S. (who died at the age of twenty- 
two years) and Lulu B. Mr. Ellis owns a farm adjoining the city of Elkhart, 
which originally consisted of 185 acres of land, and, besides, a large amount of real 
estate in different parts of Elkhart, as well as manufacturing interests. He has 
been eminently successful and through his success and generosity the city has gained 
much. Altliongh he is now retired from active business life, he still takes pleasure 
in assisting, almost daily, some of the many business enterprises he is connected 
with. His son. Jay B. Ellis, graduated from the Hahnemann Homceopathic School 
of Physicians and Surgeons, of Chicago, and is engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession at Ligonier, Ind. John F. Ellis graduated from the Homoeopathic Medical 
College, of New York City, and is now practicing medicine at Eureka Springs, Ark. 

Geobqe I. WiTTEK is One of the substantial residents of German township, St. 
Joseph Co., Ind., but in the township of Warren was bom, on April 16, 1863, to 
George and Sarah (Miller) Witter, and was there brought up on the home farm, 
becoming well versed in the minutiae of agricultural life. He resided on the old 
place until March 21. 1892, at which time he purchased his farm in German town- 
ship, consisting of 110 acres of fine farming land and twenty acres of timber land 
in Warren township, for which he paid the sum of 110,000, and at once settled on 
the former tract. On this farm he has shown what a man of energy and intelligent 
views can accomplish and in every transaction in which he has been engaged he has 
shown excellent judgment, and as a consequence has been prospered in worldly 
matters. Agriculture has received much attention at his hands, for which branch 
of agriculture his farm is well adapted, and he has some of the best blooded cattle 
and hogs in the county and is considered an excellent judge of those animals as well 
as of good horseflesh. After he had come to the conclusion that it is not good for 
man to live alone, on March 27, 1885, he took a wife in the person of Miss Cora 
Ross, who was born in the city of Chicago, 111., August 10, 1867, a daughter of 
Capt. William R. and Juliette (Warner) Ross, and their union has resulted in the 
birth of two interesting children: Mabel, bom February 22, 1887, and John L.,born 
November 28, 1891. Mr. Witter is one of those young men of whom his county 
may well feel proud, for he is not only well supplied with this world's goods, but 
he is also deeply interested in everything tending to the good of his section and 
aids them by influence and purse. He has always been an enthusiastic Republican, 
in fact, is enthusiastic in everything that he undertakes, and, as a rule, everything 
in which he interests himself is pushed to a successful issue. In social circles he is 
liked and admired for the genuine kindness of his heart, and his well-meant efforts 
are appreciated, and among business men his intelligent and practical views and his 
strict integrity are recognized and valued. 

John Thornton. The older members of a community are doubly entitled to the 
respect and esteem of their neighbors when their lives have been replete with acts 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 133 

of kindness, aad their whole career marked by integrity and uprightness. Among 
those who have fought the battle of life successfully, is now retired from active life 
and in the eujoymeat of the fruits of his early labors may be mentioned John 
Thornton, who is an intelligent and progressive citizen of Elkhart. He is a product 
of Summit county, Ohio, where he first saw the light of day May 19, 1831, his 
parents, Henry and Sarah (Kreitzer) Thornton, having been born in Snyder county, 
Penn., where they were reared and married. In the spring of 1830 Mr. and Mrs. 
Thornton emigrated to Ohio, and after a residence of twenty-seven years on a farm 
in Summit county, they came to Elkhart county, Ind. , and in Section 32, Cleveland 
t jwnship, Mr. Thornton purchased 160 acres of land on which he made his home 
until he paid the last debt of nature on March 31, 1880. He was an active member 
of the Evangelical Church, in which he was steward for several years, and being 
active and enterprising and a worthy citizen, his death was deeply regretted by the 
community at large. He was a successful tiUer of the soil and at the time of his 
death left an estate valued at about $15,000. His widow survived him until April, 
1886, her death occurring at the home of her daughter, Lnvina Kuntz. She was a 
daughter of John Kreitzer, a native of Germany, who came to America with his 
parents when a child, and at the time of his death, which occurred when his 
daughter Sarah was about fifteen years of age, he was a well-to-do farmer of Penn- 
sylvania. To Mr. and Mrs. Thornton a family of thirteen children were born: Elias; 
Hannah; Leah, who died at the age of five years; John; Noah, who died in infancy; 
Willijun; Mariah; Peter, who died March 9, 1892; Solomon; Samuel; George; La- 
vina, and Louisa, who died at the age of eight years. Mr. and Mrs. Thornton were 
persevering and industrious and everything that they accumulated was by dint of 
hard work and energy, for their married career was commenced in poor circum- 
stances. They were very ardent supporters of the cause of temperance, were earn- 
est workers in the church and their children and grandchildren have inherited the 
same excellent qualities and are living examples of their respected ancestors. The 
paternal grandfather, Henry Thornton, was a soldier of the Kevolutionary war. 
John Thornton, whose name heads this sketch, attended the common schools in the 
vicinity of his home in his youth, and discharged the numerous duties that can al- 
ways be found for a boy on a farm, during which time he acquired a practical in- 
sight into the details of agriculture. On February 3, 1852, he was married in his 
native county to Miss Susannah Weyrick, who was born in Summit county, Ohio, 
March 13, 1828, a daughter of David and Elizabeth (Walter) Weyrick, who were 
born, reared and married in Snyder county, Penn., and removed to Summit county, 
Ohio, about the year 1825, wliere they lived until their respective deaths. After 
the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Thornton they made Ohio their home for one year, 
then settled in Osolo township, Elkhart Co., Ind., where Mr. Thornton first pur- 
chased a farm of eighty acres, but sold this place three years later and purchased 
120 acres in Cleveland township, which he still owns. Not only has he been suc- 
cessful as a tiller of the soil, but he has devoted considerable attention to the 
various enterprises inaugurated in the county, and so far as it lay in his power has 
assisted in their promotion and establishment. He has been a director of the Home 
Fire Insurance Company of Elkhart county for eleven years, but resigned his posi- 
tion about four years since, and in the fall of 1889 retired from active business pur- 
suits and took up his residence in Elkhart, where he purchased a comfortable home 
in which he and his wife are ]iving in comfort and quiet. After Mr. Thornton set- 
tled in Cleveland township, he purchased sixty acres of land which increased his 
farm to 180 acres, the income from which is amply snflftcient to supply all his needs. 
His farm is occupied by tenants, but is kept in good farming condition, and the 
building and fences in excellent repair by Mr. Thornton, who is an intelligent man 
of affairs and decidedly progressive in his views. He and his wife are active mem- 
bers of the Evangelical Church and have reared their children in that faith, the 
names of the latter being as follows: George W. , William H., Levi B. , Leah C, 



134 PICTORIAL AJfD BIOGRAPHICAL 

Sarah E., Emanuel W. aad Amelia, all of whom are living and have homes of their 
own. Mr. Thornton has always voted the Republican ticket, although in local 
affairs he is not a partisan, and being an enterprising citizen, has done much to 
further the best interests of the city of Elkhart, as well as the county, ^ssia illus- 
tration he was one of the promoters and original stockholders of the electric street 
railway, his original stock amounting to $2,000, but he has since taken 11,500 more, 
although it has never been a paying investment, only live of the first stockholders 
retaining an interest in the same at the present time. In addition to his farm he 
also owns other property in Cleveland township and enough land in St. Joseph 
county to amount to 24:2 acres, which he disposed of at different times. He owns 
six lots in Elkhart, besides his residence lot, and has erected two houses on some of 
his property. He was one of the first stockholders in the Fair Association, an en- 
terprise of considerable magnitude lately established. 

John Beybbr is one of those strictly honorable and upright German citizens for 
which Indiana and especially St. Joseph county has become well known, and pos- 
sesses all the characteristics for which those of his nativity have become well known — 
unbounded energy, sterling honesty and much public spirit. He was born in Ger- 
many November 22, 1850, to Jacob and Barbara (Greiner) Beyrer, but at the age of 
six months was brought to America by his parents, who settled in Berrien county, 
Mich., on a farm. On this place John grew up to sturdy manhood and in the public 
schools in the vicinity of his rural home he received a practical education. He 
remained at home and assisted his father until he was twenty-six years old, when 
he purchased a thirty-acre tract of land in German township, two and one-half 
miles northwest of South Bend, where he still resides. He is a shrewd man of busi- 
ness, has always been very successful in his undertakings and is quite an extensive 
and prosperous real-estate dealer in South Bend. For eight years after locating in 
German township he carried on an extensive dairy business, disposing of 300 quarts 
of milk per day in South Bend, but after retiring from that business he engaged in 
contract work and the sale of gravel from immense deposits extending over forty 
acres of land and of a depth of ten feet, which comprised a portion of his land. For 
five years he was very busy in supplying gravel for roofing for the Ford Roofing 
Company, of Chicago, and has graveled twenty-one acres of roofing for the Oliver 
Chilled Plow Works and nearly as much more for the Studebaker Bros. Manu- 
facturing Company, which is a fair iUnstration of the magnitude of the business he 
carries on. He probably understands the business of roofing, especially of the 
South Bend manufactories and business blocks, than any man in the county. In 
fact, he is an all-around, wide-awake and successful man of business and is one of 
the most useful citizens of which the county can boast. October 11, 1877, he was 
united in marriage to Miss Flora E. Miller, who was born in Warren township, 
September 25, 1856, a daughter of James R. and Amanda E. (Ritter) Miller, and 
she has presented him with four children: J. Lloyd, born August 11, 1878; James 
R., born December 16, 1881; Ada, born June 10, 1886, and Mary L. , born Decem- 
ber — , 1890. Mr. Breyer is a member of that worthy society, the I. O. O. F., and 
is a member in good standing of the Royal Arcanum. Mrs. Breyer is a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. Politically he is a Republican, on which ticket 
he was a candidate in 1890 for county commissioner, although he was defeated not- 
withstanding the fact that he ran ahead of his ticket. 

Jacob D. Betreb. This gentleman, who resides in German township, owns a 
fine farm, which attests by its value and productiveness the excellent qualities of 
thoroughness and system which mark the owner. He was born in Wurtemburg, 
Germany, on January 4, 1806, and on a farm in his native country he was reared, 
his youthful days being spent in assisting his father in the extensive vineyard owned 
by the latter. He was married in Germany about the year 1832 to Barbara Greiner, 
a native of the old country, and in 1851 they came to America, and made a settle- 
ment in Berrien county, Mich., on a farm near the Indiana State line, where the 



MEMOIRS OF IXDIAjfA. 135 

father is still residing at the advanced age of eighty- seven years. He has been 
prosperous and successful, for he was a hard worker during his earlier years, and in 
time added forty acres to his first purchase of eighty acres. This land he improved 
and cleared by his own efforts and made of it a valuable and productive farm. 
During the early days of his residence there he bought an old style lynch-pin wagon 
from the Studebaker Bros, which Mr. Beyrer assisted in making. The Stndebakers 
at that time had a small blacksmith shop and wagon factory on the site of the pres- 
ent postoffice building in South Bend. Mr. Beyrer, in later years, had quite an 
extensive vineyard, raised considerable fruit of all kinds, and as a tiller of the soil 
was intelligent and practical. At the present time he is making his home with his 
children, his wife having died May 28, 1883. They became the parents of nine 
children: Jacob, Dora, John (deceased), William, Christina, Caroline, John G., 
Mary, and Amanda, who died in Germany. Before Mr. Beyrer's removal to Amer- 
ica he did military duty for sii years in his native land, according to the law of 
that country, and there also acted in the capacity of sheriff for eight years. Will- 
iam Beyrer, his son, was born in Germany, August 19, 1839, and in 1851 came to 
America with his parents, and for a few months attended the district schools, but as 
the family was poor and striving to make a home in America, William was obb'ged 
to remain on the farm the most of the time and assist in clearing and developing 
the same. He also worked out by the month, and one season of nine months earned 
$130, of which he saved $120 and gave to his father to assist in the improvement of 
the homestead. He was married on August 4, 1860, to Miss Ellen Shetterly, who 
was born June 9, 1841, in Snyder County, Penn., her father and mother being 
George and Eliza (Keeley) Shetterly. Two years after the marriage of Mr. and 
Mrs. Beyrer they settled on a farm in German Township, and in 1882 purchased 
100 acres of land, on which they resided for several years, having disposed of their 
other property. In March, 1888, the residence with all the household effects, includ- 
ing over $400 in money, was destroyed by fire. It was early in the morning and 
Mrs. Beyrer and children barely escaped in time from the burning building, being 
obliged to walk in their bare feet and thinly clad over the frozen ground to the 
neighbors. This was a severe blow to Mr. Beyrer, as his family was left almost 
destitute for a time, having lost all their clothing add were without ready money. 
Kind and generous neighbors immediately came to their relief and supplied them 
bountifully with all such necessaries, a thoughtfulness and unselfishness which the 
famUy will always remember. Mr. Beyrer was trustee of the township at the time, 
and all the books, etc., were also destroyed. The indomitable will and energy, 
characteristic of the man, asserted itself, and he at once set to work with renewed 
vigor to retrieve his lost fortunes, and the manner in which he has succeeded is 
illustrated by the handsome residence which now adorns the site of the old one, and 
the comfortable appearance and prosperity of the place on all sides. Mr. and Mrs. 
Beyrer are the parents of five children: Charles, Mary, Ida (deceased), Hattie, 
Lillie. In the fall of 1892 Mr. Beyrer sold the farm in German township for $100 
per acre, purchasing property in South Bend, whither the family moved in order to 
give their children better educational facilities. During his residence in the coun- 
try he was trustee of German township for four years, and filled this office with 
ability and credit to himself. He is a member of the Royal Arcanum, is a Repub- 
lican politically, but in local affairs is not a partisan. 

Capt. Orville T. Chambeelain, attorney at law, resident at Elkhart, Ind., is 
one of that multitude which has achieved no great distinction or renown, but which, 
nevertheless, constitutes the bone, sinew and brain of the commonwealth. He was 
born at Leesburg, Kosciusko Co., Ind., September 1, 1841, and when two 
years old was brought to Elkhart by his parents. Dr. Joseph W. and Caroline 
(Tryou) Chamberlain. He was here reared to man's estate and has always made 
Elkhart his home. In his youth he attended the local schools, and besides standing 
high in his classes, acquired considerable skill and reputation in amateur theatrical 



136 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAFHICAL 

entertainments conducted by the Omega Society. He clerked in his father's drug 
store, worked at the printer's trade and then taught three successive winter terms of 
school at the Bunker Hill school house two miles south of Elkhart. In 1860 he be- 
came a student at Notre Dame University, and was graduated from the commercial 
department as Master of Accounts. He did not complete the higher courses of 
study, which he had begun, because of his enlistment in the army, but in 1868, as a 
recognition of his high standing and diligence as a scholar, the faculty of the uni- 
versity bestowed upon him the honorary degree of Master of Arts. August 6, 1862, 
he became a private in Company G, Seventy-fourth Regiment, Indiana Volunteer 
Infantry; was shortly afterward made orderly sergeant, and afterward successively 
promoted second lieutenant, first lieutenant and captain of his company. On the 
field at Chickamauga he was appointed acting adjutant of the regiment, which posi- 
tion, together with those of company commander and judge advocate of court 
martial of the division, he held most of the time during the remainder of the war, 
personally, laboriously and ably discharging the duties incident to all those posi- 
tions. He participated in the Crab Orchard, Nashville, Tnllahoma, Chattanooga, 
and Atlanta campaigns, in Sherman's march to the sea, the march through the 
Carolinas and in the Grand Review in Washington at the close of the war. In the 
battle of Jonesboro, which Gen. George H. Thomas said " struck the finishing blow 
in the Atlanta campaign, " he assisted in the command of his regiment and led the 
charge and bayonet fighting which resulted in the capture of the enemy' s battery, and 
earth-works. For his part in this contest Col. Morgan, the regimental commander, 
and Col. Este, brigade commander, recommended him for appointment in the 
regular army. Gen. Sherman made an order allowing Capt. Chamberlain to retain 
the side arms of a guerrilla officer whom he had personally captured, and also 
recommended him for such appointment. He was repeatedly tendered appoint- 
ments such as brigade inspector, provost marshal, etc., but believing he could be 
more useful where he was, he sacrificed the benefits personal to himself which he 
would have gained by acceptance, and remained with his comrades until he was 
mustered out with his command at the close of the war. Shortly after his return 
to civil life, the President tendered him a commission as firstlieutenant in the regular 
army. On the day the commission was received his father died, and because of this 
event he declined the commission in order that he might care for the stricken family. 
Engaging in the study of law he was, in time, admitted to the bar and has since 
actively prosecuted his profession. As an attorney he is noted for his care and in- 
dustry. His fidelity to the interests of his clients and the integrity and sagacity 
shown in the management of his clients' interests, have enabled him to occupy a useful 
position in his profession. In 1874 he made an effort to be nominated as candidate for 
clerk of the circuit court, but was defeated. With that exception he has never in any man- 
ner sought any office or vote for himself. He has served as town clerk, as district 
attorney and as city attorney for several terms, which offices he filled with ability 
and honor. He has manifested a lively interest in public affairs and improvements, 
having been a projector in several business enterprises, and is a director in the 
Opera House Company and president of the Jones & Hill Manufacturing Company. 
Miss Helen M. Mead became his wife September 1, 1869, and one daughter, Edith, 
has blessed their union. Captain Chamberlain is a man of fair ability, without any 
pretense to anything further. He has improved his fair but limited opportunities 
reasonably well, and while he has reached no particular distinction, he has attained 
reasonable success in most of his undertakings, and is a prominent and useful man 
in the community in which he resides. He belongs to the Grand Army of the Re- 
public and Loyal Legion. 

William MiLLEK was bom in Franklin county, Va., April 1, 1809. When a 
year and a half old, he came with his parents, to Union county, Ind. At the age of 
twenty-four years he was married to Miss Mary Miller, of Union county, daughter 
of Col. John Miller, also a Virginian, and an officer in the War of 1812. In 1833 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 137 

"William Miller removed to this, St. Joseph, county, and settled upon a tract of fer- 
tile land on the west aide of Portage Prairie, in what is now German township. 
Some of the land he bought from the general Government, and a part of it from an 
Indian. Here he established his home, and developed one of the finest farms 
in the State. Mr. Miller was a practical and successful farmer, and did much to 
advance the agricultural interests of the county. His farm, while considered one 
of the most beautiful and productive, was noted for its fine prairie fields, valu- 
able oak groves, large orchards, the best breeds of stock of all kinds, and the most 
improved agricultural implements. He was the purchaser of the first reaping and 
mowing machine used in the county. In 1844 he was elected to the Legislature, 
and was regarded as so valuable a member that he was returned by his constituents 
for two successive terms. He was very active in the Legislature in the interest of 
the benevolent institutions of the State, and the asylums for the deaf and dumb, 
the blind and insane, are largely indebted to his persevering and able efforts in their 
behalf. In 1858 Mr. Miller, desiring to retire from the arduous duties of active 
farm life, and to afford his younger children better educational advantages, removed 
from his farm to South Bend, and purchased the then new and handsome residence 
on La Fayette street, where he and his estimable wife spent the remainder of their 
lives. Mr. Miller was for many years a member of the city council, and took an 
active interest in city affairs. Appreciating the benefits of varied manufacturing 
industries in building up and maintaining a city, and adding to the wealth and 
growth of the community, he labored zealously in that direction, and was instru- 
mental in inducing capitalists to come to South Bend to engage in business, and in lend- 
ing aid to those who were struggling to establish themselves upon a more solid basis, 
and it is true that some of the promoters and wealthy owners of the mammoth man- 
uf acting establishments that are the pride of South Bend to-day, are deeply indebted 
to Mr. Miller for his encouragement and financial assistance. Mr. MiUer was a man 
of fine presence, his personal appearance commanding respect everywhere. He was 
above six feet in height, of symmetrical build, with a strong, yet kindly face, hand- 
somely set off by a wealth of wavy hair and iron-grey beard, that attracted the 
attention of the artist; truly an ideal of noble manhood. In politics he was an 
uncompromising Whig, and at the birth of the Republican party, he promptly allied 
himself with that party, and continued an earnest advocate of its principles through- 
out his life. He was also an enthusiastic advocate of Odd Fellowship, and was a 
charter member of the first lodge organized in the county. He died in his home on 
May 2, 1879, after a long and severe illness, attended by his devoted wife and chil- 
dren, and his death was sincerely regretted by a large circle of warm friends and 
old acquaintances. Mrs. Miller died in the same homestead on September 29, 1885, 
in her seventy-fifth year. She was preeminently a type of our pioneer women, 
and while possessing the most womanly instincts, and a most loving and lovable dis- 
position, and untiring in her devotion to her husband and children, she had the 
splendid strength of character which was so essential to the successful enjoyment of 
life on the frontier, as a wife and true helpmate to a sturdy pioneer husband. She 
died " in the twinkling of an eye " in the fullness of her years, mourned by her 
sorrowing children, and by a host of kind friends and neighbors who knew her best. 
Mr. and Mrs. Mdler had born to them nine children, six of whom survived them; 
five sons and one daughter. 

John F. Miller, the eldest, was bom in Union county, Ind., November 21, 1831, 
and came to St. Joseph county with his parents, at the age of two years; he remained 
on the farm till his eighteenth year, when he attended school in South Bend, and 
later in Chicago, and afterward graduated at the New York State Law School at 
Balston Spa, in 1852. Upon completing his studies he returned to South Bend and 
became associated in the practice of law with Norman Eddy, ex- member of Con- 
gress. Aiter about three years he went to California and engaged in the practice of 
his chosen profession, continuing till his return, three years later, to South Bend, 



138 PICTORIAL AJ!fD BIOGRAPHICAL 

where he resumed practice, and was married to Miss Mary Chess, a native of Penn- 
sylvania. In 1860 he was elected a member of the State Senate, which position he 
resigned at the breaking out of the war of the Rebellion, to accept a commission 
from Gov. Morton to raise the Twenty-ninth Regiment of Indiana Volunteers. Upon 
his arrival in Kentucky with his regiment, he was placed in command of a brigade, 
serving under Gens. Sherman, Buell, Rosecrans and Thomas, and was promoted to 
brigadier general. Gen. Miller led the famous charge across Stone River, and 
though severely wounded in the neck by a minie rifle ball, he was in the three days' 
.fight, refusing to go to the rear against the earnest advice of his surgeon. At the 
skirmish at Liberty Gap, Tenn., he lost an eye by a bullet from a sharpshooter, 
while advancing at the head of his command. This wound was very dangerous and 
came near proving fatal. As soon as he was sufficiently recovered, he returned to 
his command, though he carried the rebel bullet in his head for twelve years, when 
it became necessary to remove it to save his life. In the battle of Nashville he com- 
manded the left division of 8,000 men, and was brevetted major general for conspic- 
uous bravery. The record of Gen. Miller was that of a soldier who knew no fear, 
and never swerved from the line of strict duty, and as a comrade has said of him: 
"His bearing in battle was sublime; he had all the dash of a Sheridan, and the 
coolness of a Grant, and no commander ever inspired his men to a greater degree. " 
Brave as a lion, yet kind and considerate of the welfare of his men, he was their 
idol, and wherever he led they were eager to follow. At the close of the war he 
accepted the coUectorship of the port of San Francisco, tendered by President John- 
son. After acceptably filling the position four years, he resigned to organize the 
Alaska Commercial Company, getting from Congress the exclusive grant of the 
Alaskan seal fisheries for a period of twenty years. The business of the company, 
of which he was president, becoming very profitable, Gen. Miller amassed consider- 
able wealth. His ability as a lawyer was recognized throughout the Pacific Coast, 
and he was appointed president of a commission to investigate the Chinese question 
and to devise a method to ameliorate the condition of the people of California in 
that regard. The report submitted as chairman of that commission was favorably 
received, and was heartily endorsed by many of the ablest jurists in the country, 
and the legislation therein suggested w£is afterward adopted. He was elected to 
the United States Senate in 1880, and was the author of the famous Chinese Exclusion 
Act, which became a much-needed law of the land. Senator Miller won the admir- 
ation and gratitude of the people of California, and enjoyed an immense popularity 
among his constituents. He was chosen chairman of the Committee on Foreign 
Relations, a distinction rarely accorded to a senator so young, and discharged the 
delicate duties of the position with credit to himself and honor to his country. He 
was greatly esteemed and respected by his associates in Congress, and though a stanch 
and unflinching Republican, he was kind and considerate in dealing with political 
opponents, and his amiable disposition, unobtrusive manners, his ability and fairness, 
won him many warm and distinguished friends. He died during his senatorial term, 
at his home in Washington, after a prolonged illness, leaving a wife and one daughter. 
His funeral services in Washington were held in the Senate chamber, attended by 
the President, Supreme Justices, members of the Senate and foreign representatives. 
His remains were escorted to California by special Government train, and deposited 
in his tomb by the side of his beloved son, whose death he had never ceased to 
mourn. Thus at the early age of fifty-five years, John F. Miller, patriot, soldier, 
statesman, in the zenith of his career, passed away, full of honors, followed by 
deep regret at his nntimelv taking off, mourned by his sorrowing family, and by 
thousands of admiring friends. His widow survived him until December 6, 1890, 
when she died in Washington City, D. C. , and was buried by the side of her dis- 
tinguished husband. She was a devoted wife and mother, and always shared in the 
troubles and triumphs of her husband. The daughter, now the wife of Lieut. Rich- 
ardson Clover, of the United States navy, resides in Washington with her husband and 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 139 

only daughter, Mary Eudora Clover, who was born at No. 1301 Conn ayenue, Wash- 
ington, D. C, November 15, 1890. Mrs. Clover inherited many of her father's traits 
of character, and moving in the highest circles of society, and mingling with the 
most noted people gathered at the national capital from her early girlhood, and being 
naturally gifted and liberally educated at home and abroad, she attracts wide and 
favorable attention everywhere, and counts among her warmest friends many dis- 
tinguished people. 

David, the second son, died at the age of six years. 

Isaac Newton, the third son, was bom at the home farm in German township, 
November, 3, 1835. He was a sturdy farmer boy, and spent his youth upon the 
old farm, and remained there up to his majority, except to attend school in winter 
in South Bend, and at Wabash College. He has followed the occupation of farmer 
for nearly the whole of his subsequent life. He was married to Miss Martha E. 
Ritter, March 25, 1858, and resided upon the home farm for several years, when he 
removed to South Bend to engage in the milling business until the spring of 1866. 
He bought a farm in Olive township, St. Joseph county., near the village of New 
Carlisle, where he now lives. Mr. Miller is one of the most enterprising and success- 
ful farmers in the county, and owns one of the largest and finest farms in his local- 
ity, thoroughly equipped with modern farming utensils, and stocked with the best 
breeds of all kinds of farm stock. Being an unswerving Republican, Mr. Miller 
has taken an active interest in local politics, and was called upon, in 1882, and again 
in 1884, to run on the Republican ticket for representative, and when the opposi- 
tion was La an overwhelming majority in the joint district and county, and though 
narrowly defeated, he had the satisfaction of greatly reducing the majorities of the 
successful candidates upon both occasions. Mr. and Mrs. Miller have an interest- 
ing family of five children: The eldest, Eldon N., was born August 31, 1860, and is, 
like his father, a live, progressive farmer, and resides upon his farm in La Porte 
county, near New Carlisle. He was married on March 21, 1883, to Miss Lulu 
Dickey, of New Carlisle, and they have five bright little girls: MaiT E., born June 
18, 1884; Ann L., March 13, 1887; Edith, July 11, 1890; Eva, 'july 11, 1890, 
and Winnona, born September 17, 1892. John F. , the second son of Mr. and Mrs. 
L Newton Miller, was born June 9, 1862, and spent the early years of his life with 
his parents upon the home farm, till, in early manhood he entered the West Point 
Military Academy, where he was disciplined for several years, resigning to enter the 
law department of the Ann Arbor University, and later graduating from the Law col- 
lege at Valparaiso, Ind. Shortly afterward he left his Indiana home to seek a broader 
and brighter field for the practice of his chosen profession, and in June, 1887, he 
located in Seattle, AVashington Ter., where, after a residence of but little more than 
a year, he was elected police judge in November, 1888, and filled the position most 
acceptably for two years, when the office was vacated by the change from a Terri- 
torial to a State government. In November, 1890, Mr. Miller was elected district 
prosecuting attorney in Seattle, which position he now fills with signal ability, and 
his popularity being such that he is renominated upon the first ballot for reelec- 
tion. Though young in years and citizenship in the city of his adoption, he is 
firmly established professionally and socially, and enjoys the respect and confidence 
of the entire community. On February 12, 1889, he was married to Miss Mary E. 
Stewart, of Randolph, 111. They have a promising little daughter, Leah. Mr. 
Miller has built an elegant residence in Seattle for a permanent home. The younger 
children of I. Newton Miller and wife, are Mary E., born April 6, 1877; William 
R. , born March 26, 1880, and Isaac Nelson, bom December 27, 1881. 

The next son in the order of ages, of William and Mary Miller, is William H. , 
who was born at the old homestead in German township, on August 21, 1838. As 
with his elder brothers, his l>oyhood was spent upon the farm engaged in the ardu- 
ous labors incident to farm life of that period, which was before the introduction of 
many of the labor-saving inventions of to-day. Arriving at the age of manhood, 



140 • PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

he attended school in South Bend, and later at "Wabash College, and following that, 
at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. After leaving school he spent some time read- 
ing law in the ofBce of Miller & George, when the breaking out of the war of the 
Rebellion changed his intended course, and after spending one summer in Ten- 
nessee, with his brother. Gen. Miller, who was then in command of the post of Nash- 
ville, he returned to South Bend and engaged in the manufacture of sash, doors and 
blinds and building material, which business he successfully prosecuted for a period 
of seven years. He was married to Miss Mattie Crockett, December 9, 1864. 
In the spring of 1875, he became interested in the purchase of some landed 
property in Fond du Lac, Wis., and removed there to manage the interests, and 
remained three years engaged in farming, then removed to St. Louis, becoming in- 
terested in the business of dealing in coal and street sprinkling, where he remained 
till the fall of 1880, when he returned to South Bend, and engaged in the manu- 
facture and sale of sprinkling wagons, having made a number of valuable improve- 
ments in street sprinklers, Ufwn which invention he secured letters patent from the 
Government. He followed this business successfully alone, till the season of 1890, 
when its growing demands resulted in the organization of the Miller-Knoblock Wagon 
Company, and the building of a plant to manufacture the Miller Patent Sprinklers 
and heavy fifth-wheel vehicles, in which he is one of the heaviest stockholders, and 
fills the positions of treasurer and superintendent. Mr. and Mrs. W. H. MiUer 
have had three children born to them: Edwin Morton, was born May 10, 1870, and 
died August 29, same year; Mae Miller, was born in South Bend, September 17, 
1872; she attended school at St. Joseph's Academy, South Bend, and later at Living- 
ston Park Seminary, Rochester, N. Y. ; Gertrude, was born in St. Louis, March 31, 
1879, she is a faithful student in Washington School, South Bend. 

Martha E., the only surviving daughter, was born December 6, 1841. In her 
girlhood she attended school at the La Porte, Ind. , Seminary, and later, at the Oxford 
Young Ladies' Institute, Oxford, Ohio. She was married to Moses E. Butterworth, 
of La Porte, Ind., February 20, 1866, and has resided in La Porte, and at Kingsbury, 
La Porte county, ever since, except with a few years' residence in South Bend. Mrs. 
Butterworth inherited, to a marked degree, the heroic traits of her parents, and 
possesses an intellectual strength of character and wealth of true womanly senti- 
ment which makes her presence felt throughout her large circle of friends. Mr. and 
Mrs. Butterworth have had three sons born to them: William M., was born March 
11, 1867. His early boyhood was passed upon the Kingsbury farm. At a suitable 
age he entered Purdue University, and after finishing his studies there, he returned to 
La Porte, and enlisted in the ranks of journalism, and soon proved himself to be a 
ready and accomplished narrator of current events, and his sallies of wit and poetic 
sarcasm, won for him an enviable reputation among his comrades. He is now a 
resident of Chicago, engnged in the real estate business, and in the study of law. 
He was married to Miss Juliet Fox, of Titusville, Penn., on May 3, 1892. Joseph 
B., was bom Deceml^er 22, 1868, and died November 27, 1878. Henry T., was 
born November 2(), 1872, and after leaving school attended the La Porte Horological 
School, and acquired the watchmaker's trade, in which profession he has become 
well skilled. He is also giving much attention to vocal music, possessing a rich bari- 
tone voice of wonderful power and compass. 

Henry Clay, was born May 20, 1844. Like his older brothers, his earlier boy- 
hood was spent upon the old Portage prairie farm, and removing to South Bend 
with his parents, he attended school in winter and followed agricultural pursuits in 
summer. He attended the Northern Indiana College, and later, Ann Arbor Univer- 
sity. In 1867 he went to California, where he still lives. For some time after his 
arrival in San Francisco, he acted as private secretary to his brother. Gen. John F. 
Miller, then collector of the port. Subsequently he was appointed cashier of cus- 
toms, and held this important position until the change of administration, when he 
tendered his resignation, and accepted the secretaryship of a mining association in 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 141 

San Francisco, until Mr. Phelps was appointed collector, when he was again called 
to the office of cashier, and held the position till promoted to his present highly 
important olSce, auditor of customs, which he assumed some two years ago. Mr. 
Miller's popularity arises from the warm interest and kindly sympathy he shows 
toward others. He is a man of much depth of feeling, and very considerate to sub- 
ordinates, and in general circles, social, business, or political, his courtesy and can- 
dor give him the esteem and respect of those he meets. His long experience in the 
routine of custom house business, his unquestioned integrity and fine business abil- 
ity especiaUy qualify him for the important position he fills. He was married to 
Miss Magdalena Rosetta Blakeman, a native of California, on October 5, 1874, and 
two promising children bless their union: the eldest Madaline Rose Miller, -was 
born in California on May 11, 1877, and Henry Clay, Jr., March 2, 1879. Mr. 
Miller and family live in a pretty Swiss cottage on the heights in the beautiful 
suburb of San Francisco, Sansahto. 

The seventh child of William and Mary Miller, was named Mary Ellen, who 
died in infancy. 

The eighth, Horace Greeley, was bom at the old farm homestead, November 14, 
1849. His early life, liie those of his brothers, was passed at home, until after his 
parents removed to South Bend, where he attended the city schools for a number of 
years, and later, entered college at Monmouth, 111., where he met Miss Rachel 
Cochran, to whom he was married shortly after finishing school, on November 14, 
1870. His first business venture was in the grocery business, in partnership with 
the late J. G. Bartlett, in the oldest and best known grocery honse in South Bend. 
After several years of successful business, the firm changed to Miller & Campbell, 
Mr. Campbell purchasing the interest of Mr. Bartlett. The successors continued 
the business for a number of years, receiving a generous patronage, which was well 
earned by the integrity and ability of the members of the firm. When the firm 
quit business in , Mr. Miller engaged in the manufacture of lumber for a num- 

ber of years, and later filled the position of cashier in the large dry goods house of 
George Wyman & Co. lu 1878 he resigned this position, and engaged in the coal 
and sprinkling business with his brother, W. H., in St. Louis, Mo. Returning to 
South Bend in 1880, he subsequently took a position as traveling salesman and 
office-man with the Studebaker Bros. Manufacturing Company, which he filled 
acceptably till the spring of 1891, when he resigned and became associated with, and 
a stockholder in the Sliller-Knoblock Wagon Company, of South Bend, and now holds 
the position of vice-president and traveling representative with this company. 

Edwin Irving, the ninth child of William and Mary Miller, died in infancy. 

William A. Botleb is an Indianian by birth and bringing up, and has inculcated 
in him the sterling principles of the better class of citizens of the Hoosier State. 
He was bom in July, 1831, on the old homestead, and as soon as old enough began 
pursuing the paths of learning in the pioneer log schoolhouse of olden days. His 
grandfather was a blacksmith and a citizen of Culpepper county, Va. , of English 
descent, and was accidentally killed while a resident of Virginia. He was the father 
of the following children: Zaccheus, Alsea, Nancy, Joshua, David, Elizabeth, 
George, Fannie and Eliza. Zaccheus, the eldest of this family, was born in Cul- 
pepper county August 19, 1795, received a common-school education and learned the 
blacksmith's trade of his father. When he was twenty-one years of age his father 
was killed, and as he was the eldest of the family the burden of its support fell 
upon his shoulders, but by energetically wielding the hammer in his blacksmith 
shop, he managed to keep the wolf from the door. On February 28, 1820, he 
was married in Virginia to Sarah, daughter of Thomas Scalock, and eight .children 
eventually came to bless their home: Burwell J.; Owen T., who died at the age of 
twenty years; Tillman P.; Ira A; William A.; Francis B. ; Julia E. and Annie C. 
In 1822 Mr. Butler removed to Ross county, Ohio, and after working at his trade in 
Chillicothe for eight years he took up his residence in Fort Wayne, Ind. , but one 



143 PICTORIAL JJfD BIOGRAPHICAL 

year later located in Benton township, of Elkhart county. He settled on a woodland 
farm on the banks of the Elkhart Biver, and here the rest of his days were spent in 
tilling the soil and working at his trade, his shop being the first one in his section 
of the country. People came to him with work from Elkhart Prairie and other parts 
of the county, and by this means he earned the money with which to purchase 
eighty acres of land, and in order to enter it he walked to Fort Wayne, a distance 
of forty-five miles, in one day and returned home the next. Through good manage- 
ment he, in time, became the owner of 560 acres, most of which he entered by eighty 
acres and each time made the trip to and from Fort Wayne on foot. He was a man 
of great industry and assisted by his faithful wife, who was a woman of great 
sagacity and prudence and an excellent manager, although she was of small stature 
and possessed a not over strong constitution. Mr. Butler was a member of the 
Baptist Church, and was a Democrat politically until the formation of the Repub- 
lican party, after which he gave his support to that party. He gave eighty acres of 
land, or its equivalent, to each of his children, and was in every respect a kind and 
considerate father and husband. He was a useful pioneer settler and helped lay 
the foundation of the magnificent commonwealth of Indiana, by many years of 
unremitting toil, perseverence and push. He lived to be eighty-five years old, 
dying in 1880. When the country was new he was a great hunter, and many deer 
and wolves fell victims to his skill as a marksman. In 1835 he assisted in killing a 
bear that was caught stealing a hog from Mr. Elsea, and was tracked and killed in a 
neighboring swamp by Mr. Butler, his eldest son and Mr. Elsea. , His son, William 
A., was reared a farmer, a^d grew up in the rough school of pioneer life. On 
October 19, 1869, he was married to Mary B. Cowan, a daughter of William and 
Narcissa (Jones) Cowan. [See sketch of the Cowan family for a more extended notice.] 
After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Butler settled on land belonging to the old Butler 
estate, consisting of eighty acres. By industry and thrift and estimating the land 
which his wife inherited, consisting of 167 acres, he has now in his possession 616 
acres upon which he has made excellent improvements, erecting a handsome brick 
residence in 1882 which is tastefully furnished, and bears evidences of culture and 
refinement. Mr. and Mrs. Butler are the parents of three children: Wina S. , 
William Burton and Eddie L. These children are receiving good educations and 
interesting reading matter and wholesome books are an important feature of the 
family life. Mr. Butler is a Republican, and although he is eminently capable of 
filling any oiSce within the gift of the county, he much prefers the quiet, unostenta- 
tious life he is leading. His wife was formerly a member of the United Presbyterian 
Church. 

WiLLiAjr Cowan, Sr. The ancient Scotch Highland clan of Colquhon (Cahoon) 
were stanch Catholics until the Reformation, when one branch embraced the 
Protestant faith and to emphasize the event changed their name to Cowan. In 
1732 two brothers and a nephew came to America. The brothers settled in New 
York City. The nephew, William Cowan, removed to Pennsylvania, fought in the 
siege of Louisburg in 1745 and subsequently united with his neighbors in their 
defense against the Indians. Among his papers is a duplicate of the article trans- 
ferring his allegiance from George III. to the Continental Congress dated in 1776. 

He married Annie Wilson and in 1788 removed to Bourbon county, Ky., his 
family consisting of three sons and three daughters. In 1794 his second son, 
William, was married to Mary Steele, and in 1806, in consequence of his hatred of 
slavery he removed to Clark county, Ohio. There his wife died. In 1832 Joseph 
Steele Cowan, eldest son of William and Maiy S. Cowan, removed with his family 
to a farm adjoining New Paris, Elkhart Co., Ind. In 1834 William Cowan, 
Sr. , with the remainder of his family, excepting one daughter, settled in Plain 
township, Kosciusko county, he giving each of his children eighty acres of land. 
The country was still occupied by the Pottawatomie and Miami Indians. The set- 
tlers boiled potatoes for their hogs and the whites of 1835 can remember seeing 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 143 

a circle of Indians gjrouped around the great fireplace in (W. C's.) kitchen waiting 
for the potatoes to be done, when each would plunge a sharp stick into the kettle 
capture a potato and proceed with great gravity to peel and eat it. " The only time 
I ever remember hearing them laugh aloud was when looking at a doll of mine 
prettily dressed and that had joints in its limbs, they would pass it fiom one to 
another, make it assume different positions and then laugh. It was the only 
"schamoke" man's invention I ever saw them notice," says one of the family. 

William Cowan, Sr. (third in direct line of the name), died in 1838. His eldest 
son, Joseph, who fought when a boy of seventeen, in the War of 1812, was a justice 
of the peace in this State and Ohio for more than forty years, a member of the 
State Legislature, and all his life an active and public-spirited citizen. Four of his 
nine children remain in this State: John W., an invalid, and blind for years; Mrs. 
P. C. Merrick and Mrs. Margaret Murray reside in Goshen, and his eldest daughter, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Hively, in Elkhart. Two sons are in the far west; the rest are dead. 
Mr. Cowan, Jr., engaged in farming and merchandising in Kosciusko county until 
in 1849, when with a company of twenty men of which he was captain, he went to 
California and died there in December of that year. He left one child, a daughter, 
a resident of Goshen. 

Thomas Cowan, youngest son of the second William Cowan, was married in 
Ohio to Jean Gamble, who was of Scotch-Irish descent and came to this country 
from Ireland with her father and a half-brother in the ship that brought the tea 
to Boston Harbor in old Revolutionary times, and was on board the vessel when the 
tea was thrown into the harbor at the memorable Boston tea party. He moved to 
Indiana in 1832, bought a farm near New Paris and died in 1846, leaving his 
aged wife (who died in 1851), one son and two daughters. The daughters married 
and settled in Kosciusko Ind. The son, William, a well-known and highly respected 
citizen, was in 1840, married to Narcissa Jones, daughter of Samuel Jones, a pio- 
neer of Noble county, Ind., by whom he had two daughters: Mary B. and 
Jane G. He cleared a farm in the vicinity of New Paris, made a good home 
for himself and family and became possessed of 300 acres of land. Both Mr. 
Cowan and his wife were members of the United Presbyterian Church, in which he 
was for many years an elder. Mr. Cowan died in 1871 and his wife in 1884. 

C. J. Gillette, ex- sheriff of Elkhart county, Ind., owes his nativity to the 
Empire State, his birth having occurred in Genesee county, September 26, 1825, 
his parents, Henry and Betsey (Jenks) Gillette, who were of Scotch-Irish descent, 
having also been bom in the East. Both families were early settlers of the region, 
and from this State the paternal grandfather, Timothy Gillette, enlisted in the War 
of 1812, in which struggle with the mother country he rose to the rank of captain. 
He was a farmer and mill owner by calling, and accumulated considerable means. 
Adam Jenks, the maternal grandfather, died soon after settling on a farm in Ashta- 
bula county, Ohio. Henry Gillette, the father, also became an early emigrant to 
Ashtabula couuty, Ohio, and there he reared his family and resided until his death, 
which occurred after many years of invalidism. He and his wife became the parents 
of seven children, four of whom are living at the present time: George W., of New 
York City; C. J., the subject of this sketch; Julia and Helen, the last mentioned 
being residents of Ashtabula county, Ohio, and the mothers of families. C. J. Gill- 
ette removed to Ohio when thirteen years of age and received the principal part of 
his education in Geneva, but as the schools of his boyhood days were not like those 
of the present, he was not so thoroughly drilled in his books as he could have desired. 
Owing to the ill health of his father, the support of the family rested upon his and 
his brothers' shoulders and as they naturally possessed good business judgment, 
their efforts were prospered and they were sucoessful in keeping the wolf from the 
door. C. J. Gillette remained with his mother until he was twenty years of age, 
when he married and removed to an establishment of his own. He continued to 
reside in Ashtabula county until 1857, when he moved to Camanche, Clinton Co., 



144 PIGT-ORIAL AJfB BIOGRAPHICAL 

Iowa, at which place he engaged in the hardware business for two years. In 1859 
he moved to Mishawaka, Ind. , but after spending one season there came to Elkhart, 
in which place he took up his residence in the fall of 1859, soon after embarking in 
the grocery business. From the time of his arrival in the city until 1873 he was an 
active business man. In the fall of that year he was appointed marshal, William 
Proctor resigning, which oiHce he held until elected sheriff of the county in 1878, to 
which office he was re-elected in 1880, serving his two terms in a very efficient and 
satisfactory manner. Since that time he has been practically retired from the active 
duties of life. He owns considerable property in Elkhart, also Chicago, and being 
very progressive in his views, he has done much toward buUding up the town of 
Elkhart. He is a demitted member of the Masonic fraternity, was a member of the 
corporation board for two terms before Elkhart became a city, and has otherwise 
interested himself in the progress and development of the place. He was married 
in 1845 to Miss Mary Palmer, of Ashtabula county, Ohio, who was a native of Ver- 
mont, by whom he has two sons, both of whom are residents of Chicago: Lamar, an 
employe in the Goodyear Rubber Company, and Henry, who is in the mail service. 
They are bright voung business men and creditably fill first-class positions. The 
mother of these two boys died January 15, 1876, and the father took for his second 
wife Miss Frances C. Bates, also of Ashtabula county, Ohio. She removed with her 
parents from the East when but a child and was a warm personal friend of his first 
wife. Mr. Gillette is a stanch Republican politically. In 1859 when he took up 
his residence in Elkhart it was a town of 1,000; at this date, December 1, 1892, a 
city of over 13,000. 

Chauncet C. Cakpenter, a worthy resident of German township, St. Joseph 
Co., Ind., was born in Genesee county, N. Y., September 18, 1826, his parents 
beinc Rufus and Mariam (Watkins) Carpenter, the former's birth occurring near 
Burlington, Vt. The father of Rufus was a native of Vermont also and tilled the 
sou for a livincr, in which calling he was followed by his son Rufus, when he com- 
menced to fight the battle of life for himself. The family moved to Genesee county, 
N. Y. , when it was still in quite a primitive condition, but a short time afterward 
continued their march westward, and finally found themselves in Macomb county, 
Mich., where Mr. and Mrs. Carpenter lived until their respective deaths. Rufus 
Carpenter, the father of Chauncey C, was reared in his native State on a farm, and 
when his parents made their move to Genesee county, N. Y., he went with them and 
there formed the acquaintance of and was eventually married to Mariam Watkins, 
whose birth occurred in Massachusetts on the 19th of May, 1805, her father being a 
well-known physician. Mr. Carpenter became an emigrant to Michigan at about 
the same time as his parents, and was one of the pioneers of Macomb county, where 
he made his home until the winter of 1837, when he took up his residence on a farm 
two miles south of Mishawaka in Penn township, of which locality he was one of 
the first settlers. His death occurred in Warren township, March 8, 1858, his 
widow surviving him until May 1, 1871. They were the parents of the following 
children: Isaac, born September 7. 1824, and died February 1, 1842; Chauncey C. ; 
Jerome B.. born June 11, 182-; Alvin, born March 16, 1830, and died in California 
in 1850; Mary, born March 4, 1834. and died February 11, 1837; Henry, born May 
4, 1832, now a resident of California; James M., born June 28, 1836, living in La 
Porte county, Ind.; Oliva M., born June 16. 1839, living in Michigan, and Ellen, 
born March 9, 1843, a resident of Michigan City, Ind. Chauncey C. Carpenter 
was a child of two years when taken to Michigan, and that State continued to be 
his home until he was eleven years of age. Since that time he has resided in St. 
Joseph county, consequently, the major portion of his life has been spent here, and 
at present he is one of the few remaining old settlers. Owing to the fact that his 
younger days were passed on the frontier of the then almost uninhabited West, his 
education was limited to the common subscription schools then in vogue, but by 
application and reading he has developed all the educational traits necessary to a 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 145 

successful bosiness life. He was married May 14, 18 — , to Miss Mary W. Greiner, 
who was bom May 7, 18 — , lq Germany, a daughter of Israel and Caroline 
(Curley) Greiner, who were also natives of the old country. Israel Greiner was born 
in Wurtembnrg, February 13, 1824, and came to America in 1853, settling in Ohio, 
where he resided two years. After living some time in that State, he settled in 
German township, St. Joseph Co ., Ind. , and in this State his death occurred on 
the 13th of June, 1888. His widow and four children (two sons and two daughters) 
survive him. After the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Carpenter, they settled on the 
farm purchased by Mr. Carpenter some time previous and on which they still reside. 
Mr. Carpenter is the owner of 154 acres of valuable land, is an energetic and suc- 
cessful farmer and a successful business man. In politics he is not a partisan but 
is independent and votes for whom he considers the best man. He and his wife are 
the parents of six children: John E. , born September 7, 1873, and died May 9, 
1877; George C, born February 23, 1877; Edith born January 2, 1881; James A., 
born August 8, 1882, and died August 3, 1884; Ira, bom August 20, 1885, and 
Allen G., born July 1, 1887. 

Pbospeb Nichols was a resident of St. Joseph county, Ind. , for many years, but 
was a native of the Green Mountain State, where he was born, September 16, 1793, 
and where he grew to manhood. He was a soldier in the War of 1812, and daring 
the most of the time served as a scout. In the fall of 1830 he came to St. Joseph 
county, and in German township entered 160 acres of land, but about nine years 
later settled near Rochester, Ind., and on a farm in that section resided until his 
death on November 1, 1868. He was married to Susanna Kessler, by whom he 
became the father of ten children: Solomon, David, Mary, Sarah, Anna, Lucy, Eliza- 
beth, Samuel, Eachel and Aaron. Mrs. Nichols died in January, 1869. The daughter 
Sarah was bom April 28, 1821, in southern Indiana, and near Rochester, Ind., was 
married to William Wagner, in 1841. After their marriage they came to St. Joseph 
county, and in 1849 settled on the farm in German township where Mrs. Wagner 
now lives. She bore her husband eight children, four of whom are living: Aaron, 
Margaret, Eva and Ellen. Those deceased are: Prosper, Daniel, Benjamin and 
Susanna. Mr. Wagner was a native of Ohio, his birth occurring there on March 16, 
1818, and his death in Nashville, Tenn., December 24, 1863. He had gone to that 
place for his son, Prosper, who was a soldier of the Union army, and was lying sick 
in the hospital in that place. The son finally returned home, bat died four weeks 
afterward. Mrs. Wagner now owns a good farni of eighty-five acres, and is in the 
enjoyment of a competency. Aaron Wagner, the eldest of her living children, was 
born in Marshall county, Ind., December 13, 1848, and on April 18, 1877, was mar-' 
ried to Mary Kizer, who is a native of Lucas county, Ohio, her birth occurring on 
November 20, 1852, a daughter of Jesse and Nancy (Foster) Kizer. Mr. and Mrs. 
Wagner are the parents of two children, Lynn A. and Walter R. Leslie C, another 
child, died July 8, 1892. Mr. Wagner has a good farm of ninety-eight acres, but 
resides on the old homestead, which consists of 360 acres, and successfully farms both 
places. He is intelligent and progressive in his views, and in the estimation of the 
public occupies a high place, and deservedly so. Politically he has always supported 
Republican principles. 

James E. Weddel is of Welsh descent, a member of one of the old pioneer fam- 
ilies of Elkhart county, and seems by nature to have been especially designed for 
a planter, for he has met with more than the average degree of success in pursuing 
that calling, and is now the owner of a fine farm of 300 acres, which he has shown 
himself quite capable of conducting in a satisfactory manner. After coming to this 
country his grandfather settled in Westmoreland county, Penn., twenty miles from 
Pittsburg, where he followed the calling of a farmer and died when full of years, a 
highly respected citizen. He reared three sons: Joseph, Jesse and Peter. Jesse 
Weddel was born in Westmoreland county, and in addition to receiving a pi-actical 
education in the common schools, he obtained a thorough knowledge of farming, 



146 PICTORIAL AJTD BIOGRAPHICAL 

which he found to be of great use to him when he started to tilling the soil on his 
own account. He became a very prosperous farmer, and was also the owner of a 
large distillery. He was a faithful soldier of the War of 1812, in which he did 
effective service, was loyal to the core, and throughout life was deeply interested in 
the welfare of his native land. He was married to Nancy, daughter of Ephraim 
and Agues Davis, and by her became the father of the following named children: 
Joseph, Amanda, William, Rebecca, Peter, James, Agnes, John and Elizabeth. 
Mr. Davis came to Indiana and visited Elkhart Prairie in 1828, then went through 
Michigan to Detroit and thence home. The following year he returned to Elldiart 
Prairie, then went on to Chicago and St. Louis, but found no place he liked as well 
as Elkhart Prairie, and here he entered land as soon as it was open for settlement. 
He was a substantial farmer, owning at one time a considerable body of land, and 
at the time of his death was the owner of 200 acres, having prior to that time made 
a number of real estate sales. He was called from life in 1838, at the age of sixty 
years, having been a famous hunter throughout life, and during the days when 
game was abundant throughout this section, he kept his family well supplied with 
meat. His son, James E., whose name is at the head of this sketch, was born in 
Westmoreland county, Penn. , June 11, 1831, and was an infant in his mother's 
arms when he was brought to Indiana. His father died when he was but seven 
years of age, and he consequently received but little schooling, and is principally 
self-educated. In his early childhood his father went to mill to Big Prairie Round, 
fifty miles distant in Michigan, and used often to go to Ft. Wayne for supplies also. 
James E. was reared in the country, but after he attained his majority he went West 
for the purpose of seeing the country, and traveled through Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, 
Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado. For some time he was in the livery business in 
Georgetown, Colo., and drove a stage from Aurora to Rock Island. Later he 
worked on a steamboat on the Mississippi River, and for three summers held the 
rank of second mate. He returned to Indiana finally, and on March 14, 1867, he 
was married to Annie C. , daughter of Zacheus and Sarah Butler, the former of 
whom came to Benton township in 1831, and settled on land now owned by Mr. 
Weddel. He was from an Ohio family, originally from Virginia, but became well 
known throughout Elkhart county, where he became a prosperous farmer and 
reared a family of eight children: Burwell J., Owen (who died at the age of twenty 
years), Filmon T., Ira A., William A., Francis B., Julia E. and Anna C. Mr. But- 
ler lived to the age of eighty- five years, dying on the farm where so many years of 
his life had been spent. His wife's death occurred four days previous to his own, 
and they were buried in the same grave on the same day. After his marriage Mr. 
Weddel settled on the Butler homestead, but two years later changed his place of 
residence to the Weddel homestead in Elkhart Prairie, where he resided until 1879, 
at which time he again removed to the old Butler homestead, which he purchased. 
He is now a substantial farmer and owns about 300 acres of land, which makes him 
an admirable home, for it is well cultivated and improved, and very advantageously 
located, both as to farming and stockraising purposes. He was quite an extensive 
traveler in his earlv days, and spent considerable time with the Indians, but through 
it all his record as an honorable man was clean and untarnished, and he bore him- 
self with that uprightness which has ever been one of his leading characteristics. 
His wife is an earnest member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and has borne 
him three children: Carrie D., Zack and Jesse. Mr. Weddel's mother lived to be 
over ninety-two years of age, for she was born in Westmoreland county, Penn., 
January 28, 1800, and died in De Kalb county, HI., M:irch 9, 1892, at which time 
she was the oldest pioneer living who came to Elkhart Prairie with her family. 
She was a member of the Old Settlers' Society of Goshen, and for many years of 
her life had been connected with the Baptist Church. She was a very bright, 
capable and energetic woman, and after the death of her husband she succeeded in 
keeping the family together, reared them in comfort and taught them to be honor- 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 149 

able men and women. She took for her second husband Hiram Morehouse, by 
■whom she became the mother of three children: Jesse, Emeline and George. Jesse 
and George were soldiers in an Indiana regiment during the Civil war, and Jesse 
died in Nebraska of wounds received while in the service, and George was killed 
while marching with his company. Politically, Mr. VVeddel has always been a 
stanch Republican, supports the men and measures of his party on all occasions, 
but is not an aspirant for office. His daughter Carrie graduated from the graded 
school of Goshen, and has successfully taught two terms of school in Benton, and 
is a young lady of much natural ability. The sons are also well educated. 

Thomas D. Calvert (deceased). The sketch here given is that of a former citi- 
zen and resident of German township, St. Joseph county, and is a tribute paid to 
his many virtues and to the lessons which, as a father, he impressed upon the minds 
of his children by the example of a noble and honorable life, which, although it was 
fraught with hard labor and patient industry, was a model to his heirs of the sterl- 
ing qualities that characterized a man who lived nearer to nature in its purity than 
to the artifices of society. He was born in England, December 3, 1815, to Isaac 
and Isabella (Bird) Calvert, who were also natives of Great Britain, and by them 
was brought to America in 1818, settling in Philadelphia, Perm., where the father 
carried on an extensive dairy business for about fifteen years. In the fall of 1834 
he came with his family to St. Joseph county, Ind., and entered a large tract of land 
five miles southwest of South Bend, on which the family settled in a small log 
cabin, and began to clear the land and establish a home. Here Isaac Calvert lived 
until his death, February 27, 1839; his wife's death occurred March 7, 1866. 
Thomas D. Calvert was about three years of age when his parents came to America, 
and was a young man of about nineteen years of age upon their arrival in St. 
Joseph county ; consequently he was ^mong its pioneers. He was married, Novem- 
ber 26, 1842, to Miss Sarah Curry, who was bom on January 18, 1822, in Franklin 
county, Ind., a daughter of Daniel and Jane (CuiTy) Curry, the former of whom first 
saw the light of day in Westmoreland county, Penn., September 18, 1791, his parents 
being James and Matilda Curry, James having been a Revolutionary patriot, enlist- 
ing at the early age of fifteen years. Daniel was reared on a farm in his native 
county, and was married, in 1813, to Jane Curry, a native of Pennsylvania. In the 
spring of 1825 they removed from Franklin county, Ind., where they had settled at 
a very early day, to Butler county, Ohio, where Mrs. Curry died in the month of 
October, 1827. In the spring of 1833 Mr. Curry and his children came to St. 
Joseph county, settling in Olive township, where he bought a farm and lived for 
many years. Hi.s death occurred in Kansas in 1862. After the marriage of Mr. 
and Mrs. Calvert they settled on a farm in Portage township, but two years later 
removed to Olive township, and in April, 1848, they came to German township, 
where Mr. Calvert purchased 120 acres of land, on which his widow now makes her 
home. He was an industrious and hard-working man, and by careful management 
accumulated considerable property, being the owner of nearly 200 acres at the time 
of his death, which occurred on December 22, 1890. He was a man of undoubted 
honor and integrity, and his death was much regretted by all who had known, loved 
and respected him in life. His union resulted in the birth of six children: Isaac B. , 
Daniel M., Mary J., Sarah E. , Elizabeth (deceased) and Cora I. (deceased). In 
addition to the estate in German township Mrs. Calvert owns nearly 100 acres in 
Union township, and is thus insured a comfortable and prosperous old age. She is 
a lady of intelligence and refinement, is kind, hospitable and charitable and has 
many warm personal friends. 

Peteb Phillips, farmer of Clinton township, Elkhart Co. Ind., is of sturdy 
English stock, and the family tree first took root on American soil about the time 
of the Revolution. Peter Phillips, the grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was 
a farmer of Loudoiin county, Va. ; was there married and reared a family of chil- 
dren, of whom John, Wilson and Nancy are the only ones remembered. He moved to 



150 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

Athena county, Ohio, and lived on a farm there until he was quite advanced in 
years, when he came to Indiana and made his home with his son John until his 
death, which occurred at the age of eighty -one years. John Phillips, his son, was 
born in Loudoun county, Va. , and in early manhood removed to Athens county, 
Ohio, and was married there to Miss Esther Batchelor, whose father had been a 
soldier of the War of 1812, and her grandfather an old Revolutionary soldier. The 
Batchelors were of English descent and old settlers of the State of Maine, and 
pioneers of Athens county, Ohio. Mrs. Phillips' brothers and sisters that are re- 
membered were: Daniel, William, Ollie, Polly, Nancy and Abigail. In 1836 Mr. 
Phillips came to the new county of Elkhart, Ind., and entered land which his son 
Peter now owns. To him and his wife seven children were given, all of whom 
attained mature years: Benjamin, William, Sallie, Eliza, Adaline, Levina, and 
Peter. Mr. Phillips entered eighty acres of land covered with timber; built a log 
cabin thereon and gradually began to clear up his land, but besides this, had siity 
acres in Clinton township. He was always industrious, thrifty and honest, and 
politically was a Jeffersonian Democrat. His death, which occurred at the age of 
sixty-nine years, August 15, 1872, was universally regretted, for he was one of the 
coimty's most progressive citizens and was highly esteemed for his upright character 
and his sterling integrity. His wife was a member of the Christian Church. Their 
son Peter, the subject of this sketch, was born on his father's farm in this township, 
January 25, 1840, and was early innured to the vicissitudes of pioneer life. What 
education he secured in his youth was obtained in the old log school house of those 
days, and this knowledge he has since greatly increased by reading and contact 
with the business affairs of life. In addition to becoming familiar with the duties of 
farming, he also learned the carpenter's trade of his father, who followed that calling 
from an early day and exchanged work with his neighbors. He took for his com- 
panion through life, Elizabeth, daughter of Lewis Williams, who was of Irish 
descent and was one of the first settlers of Kosciusko county, Ind., to which region 
he removed from Ohio. He reared four children: Elizabeth, John D. , William W. 
and Jane. Mr. Williams is now residing in Miami county, Kan., and has attained 
to the age of seventy-four years. He has married twice, his second wife being 
Miss Mary Miller, by whom he became the father of four children. He has followed 
the calling of agriculture throughout life and is now in good circumstances. He and 
his wife are earnest members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. After his mar- 
riage Peter Phillips remained on the old homestead; bought out the other heirs of 
the property and by industry and thrift added to the original tract until he now 
owns 2-tO acres. In 1881 he erected a substantial brick residence — one of the finest 
in the township, and his farm buildings are all substantial and kept in good repair. 
He is what may be termed a thrifty and prudent farmer, and everything about his 
place indicates that a man of intelligence and sound judgment has control of affairs. 
His farm is one of the most valuable in the township, for besides being exceedingly 
fertile it is well supplied with a number of fine springs of pure cold water, which 
makes it weU adapted to the raising of stock. Ten children have been bom to Mr. 
and Mrs. Phillips: Alice M., Lewis F., Esther E., Carrie M., Warren W., Orrin 
E., Nora B., William B., Clarence C. and Grover C. Mr. Phillips has held the 
office of township trustee two terms, and politically is a stanch Democrat. He and his 
wife are members of the Lutheran Church, aud he is a very public-spirited gentle- 
man; has been a member of the school board a number of terms and has also held 
the position of road supervisor. He is giving his children good advantages for an 
education, and Carrie M. has graduated from the graded schools of Goshen and 
has taught school three terms in Clinton township and has met with good success. 
Jacob Yoder, who resides near Goshen, Ind., has been remarkably successful as 
a husbandman and at one time was the owner of 600 acres of as fine land as could 
be found in Elkhart county. For generations the family have been members of the 
Amish Mennonite Church and were originally from Switzerland, from which conn- 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAJSTA. 151 

try they fled oa accouat of religions persecution, to America and sought a home in 
the wilds of Pennsylvania, where an asylum had been offered them by the great 
law giver aad benefactor, William Peno. The Yoders settled in Lancaster county 
aad were a peaceable and law-abiding people and thrifty and industrious farmers 
and, like the patriarchs of old, whose ways they closely followed, they multiplied and 
flourished in the land. Christian Yoder, the great-grandfather of Jacob, was bom 
in Switzerland in Febraary, 1728, but in 1744 he took up his abode in America and 
until 1775 was a resident of the eastern part of Pennsylvania, at which time he 
moved to Somerset county of the same State, where he was called from life in the 
month of November, 1816. His sons were: Christian, Solomon, John, Jonathan 
Henry, David and Jacob. He was married twice. His son, Jacob, was born in the 
Keystone State and became a substantial farmer and land owner of Somerset county. 
He was also married twice and his first wife bore him a number of children, only 
David, Christian, Joseph and Elizabeth of whom are remembered. His second 
wife bore him children named: Mary, Catherine, Philip and Jacob. He lived to be 
an old man, was much respected in the community in which he resided, was honor- 
able in every particular, was industrious, and in other ways set a good example to 
his children. His son. Christian, was born in the old homestead in Somerset county 
was brought up to a thorough knowledge of farm life in his native county. He was 
married there to Miss Juda Gindlesperger, who was born July 24, 1787, and died 
Novembers, 1832, after having borne him a family of ten children, all of whom crrew 
to maturity with the exception of two, Peter and Barbara, both of whom died in 
childhood. Those who attained manhood were: Stephen, Jacob, Tobias, Joseph, 
John, Valentine, Daniel and Herman. The father of these children took for his 
second wife Miss Koffman, who bore him two children: Moses and Elizabeth. Mr. 
Yoder lived to be nearly eighty years of age and died on November 17, 1866, on hia 
farm in Somerset county. He was a devout Christian, a follower of the doctrines 
of his church and lived an upright and useful life. He was at one time township 
collector, and in various other ways proved himself a useful citizen. Jacob Yoder, 
his son and the immediate subject of this biography, first saw the light of day on 
his father's farm in Somerset county, Penn., September 2, 1814, and there he 
obtained a slight knowledge of German, but no knowledge of the English branches. 
He early learned to labor in a thorough and painstaking way and at the age of 
twenty-three went to Wayne county, Ohio, and worked at clearing land, and was 
there married on January 4, 1837, to Miss Bachel Yoder, who was born June 23, 
1810, in Somerset county, Penn., her parents being Solomon and Barbara (Miller) 
Yoder. Their marriage resulted in the birth of five children: Herman; Elizabeth, 
who died in early womanhood; Edward; Amos; and Jonas, whose death occurred 
in childhood. Mr. Yoder cleared a woodland farm of 150 acres in Wayne county, 
Ohio, but sold it and in 1847 came to Indiana and settled on his present farm con- 
sisting of 180 acres. As he has been prospered financially he has made additional pur- 
chases of land and is now the owner of some magnificent real estate which is very 
valuable. This property was mostly acquired by hard work, in the good old-fash- 
ioned way of tilling the soil, in which his faithful wife gave him efficient aid. Like 
their ancestors before them they are members of the Amish Mennonite Church; have 
brought up their children to the same belief, and thus havebeen handed down from 
father to son the religious principles of the early founders of the church. Mr. 
Yoder followed the example of his father and gave each of his children a good start 
in life, but reserved 177 acres in Kosciusko county. This family is an example of 
prudent living and of simple. Christian life. 

Dr. G. W. Spohn, of Elkhart, Ind. , is a prominent specialist in diseases of the 
nose, throat and ear, anc^ is in the enjoyment of a large practice with the better 
class of citizens in and around the city. He has always been a close student in his 
chosen profession and the result is every day seen in the large number of patrons 
constantly flocking to his office, and he is regarded by his friends, and justly so. as 



152 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

doing a veiy large biasiness. Althoagh the humanizing influences of Christianity- 
are shown in thousands of directions, it is shown in none to a more marked degree 
than that of medicinal and surgical science. Notwithstanding the fact that Elkhart 
has many tine physicians, Dr. Spohn is ranked among the leaders. He was born in 
Concord "township, Elkhart county, April 19, 1857, a son of Daniel and Mary Spohn, 
the former of whom settled in the vicinity of Elkhart in 1844. The Doctor inherits 
German, English and Welsh blood of his parents. He was brought up on a farm and 
like the majority of farmer's boys, obtained his education in the district schools 
near his rural home. At the age of eighteen, being of an ambitious and independent 
disposition, he secured a school in the neighborhood of his home, and was engaged 
in teaching for several tenns, his leisure hours being devoted to the perusal of med- 
ical books. Subsequently he entered the Normal College, of Valparaiso, Ind., where 
he took a scientific and classical course, after which he was employed as professor 
of sciences in the college at Portland, Ind., occupying the chair for a term of two 
years, at which time he resigned the position in order to still further prosecute his 
medical studies. He entered the office of Dr. Arthur, of Portland, a well-known 
physician, and completed his course in the Medical College of Ohio, at Cincinnati, 
graduating in 1887. He located in Elkhart in the spring of the same year and 
began life's battle against many competitors, and in the practice or his profession he 
has gained a reputation that money could not buy. Not satisfied with what he 
already knew of his profession, he took a post-graduate course in the Polyclinic of 
Chicacro, and a like course in the city of New York, and obtained much valuable 
experience while doing hospital work in that city. He has a nicely appointed office 
at the corner of Main and Division streets, well equipped with all the latest and 
modern appliances in instruments and electrical apparatus which he obtained at a 
heavy expense. In fact, the Doctor is not excelled either in New York City or 
Chicago in appliances for his speciality. He is a member of a number of medical 
fraternities, is president of the Elkhart City School Board, and president of the Home 
Electric Light & Power Company. In 1885 he was married to Miss Elma demons, 
a most accomplished lady of Davenport, Iowa. They have three children: Vera M., 
Lillian C. and Iris H. The Doctor and his wife are members in good standing in 
the Presbyterian Church. 

John J. Newman, superintendent of the Globe Tissue Paper Company of Elkhart, 
Ind., brings to bear special qualifications by reason of a wide range of experience, 
close study of the wants of the best class of trade, and a sound, equitable commer- 
cial policy. This establishment has most influential and widespread trade relations 
by reason of the extent, superiority and moderate price of its stock. Mr. Newman 
was born in Brown county, Ohio, August 31, 1826, a son of Joseph and Nancy 
(Jolly) Newman, natives of the Buckeye State, the Newman family having been 
very early residents of that State. The paternal grandfather was a soldier in the 
War of 1812. Joseph Newman followed the peaceful, independent and happy pursuit 
of farming in Brown county, Ohio, until his death. His widow died at Des Moines, 
Iowa, having become the mother of three children: Alexander, now of California; 
John J., and David, of Middletown, Ohio. The subject of this sketch was only ten 
years of age when his father died, and up to that age he followed the occupation of 
farming, but when thirteen years of age he went to Cincinnati, Ohio, and began to 
shift for himself, but first attended school for one year. Succeeding this he was a 
tobacconist for a short time, but at the age of fifteen years he abandoned it to leain 
the carpenter's trade, at which he served a four years' apprenticeship with one man, 
and was afterward with Pearson & Newton, of Cincinnati, for two years. When 
twenty-one years of age he embarked in business on his own responsibility and con- 
tinued to successfully carry it on in Cincinnati until 1850, when he removed to 
Middletown, Ohio, to take charge of a planing mill, and subsequently branched out 
extensively in contracting, in addition to successfully conducting a sash, door and 
blind factory. He did an extensive bridge contracting business and also built nu- 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 153 

merous hoQses, in fact, conducted a lively business, ■which kept him constantly 
employed. He built the paper mills of Middletown and converted the planing mill 
into the Titus Paper Mill. After remaining in Middletown until 1873 he came to Elk- 
hart, Ind., to build the Globe Paper Mills for Erwin, Upp & Co., but continued to 
remain here four years and built the pulp mills for Joseph Gregg and superintended 
the building of the Elkhart Paper Mill. His next business venture was as a bag 
manufacturer and later began manufacturing straw-board paper in the mills of the 
Baldwin, Sage Wagon Company, but this old structure subsequently burned down. 
He next formed a joint stock company and built a straw-board mill which was finally 
converted into what is now the Globe Paper Mill, of which he is superintendent 
and which is doing a very extensive and satisfactory business. When this mill was 
first started both white and colored tissue paper was used, but they now make waxed 
tissue paper exclusively. After their first mill was consumed by fire the present 
building was purchased, the establishment is inconstant working order, night and 
day, and the product is shipped to jobbers principally. Mr. Newman is a stock- 
holder in this concern and its very efBcient superintendent. They make a specialty 
of waxed paper, and Mr. Newman is the inventor of two machines for wax- 
ing paper, on which he has received patents. Thirty hands are given em- 
ployment the year round- He was a member of the city council for three terms 
and has shown much interest in the affairs of Elkhart. In 1847 he was married to 
Miss Elizabeth Devall, by whom he has three children: William, Warfield and Charles. 
Mrs. Jane McConaughy has been a resident of Elkhart county for many years, 
and although she has attained the age of sixty-nine years she is still in the enjoy- 
ment of fair health, is very intelligent and retains her mental faculties to a remark- 
able degree. She was the only child born to James Frier, a Scotch-Irishman by 
birth, and a son of Thomas and Jane (Wilson) Frier, who conducted a linen bleach- 
ery in County Down, near Belfast, Ireland, close to "Eonan Tree." Thomas Frier 
was a member of the Presbyterian Church, and was a man of considerable means. 
He died in Ireland when quite aged. He became the father of quite a large family, 
but only Robert, James and Margaret are remembered. Robert came to America 
and settled on a farm near Des Moines, Iowa, where he reared a family and is still 
living. James, the other son and the father of the subject of this sketch, was born 
near Belfast, Ireland, in July, 1800, and there learned the trade of a stocking weaver. 
Although he received only the three months' schooling in his youth, he learned to 
read and write, and being of an ambitious disposition, at the early age of eighteen 
years he came to America and hired out as a fann hand in the vicinity of Burling- 
ton, Vt. , in which section he met and married Clarinda, daughter of Caleb and 
Marion Young, the former of whom was a stone mason by trade and a resident of 
New Hampshire, in which State he reared thirteen children and was called from 
life. His wife was a Hillard, of Dutch stock. After his marriage James Frier 
resided on a farm in Vermont for five years, and there his daughter, Jane, was born 
on November 12, 1824. In 1829 Mr. Frier turned his face in the direction of St. 
Joseph county, Ind., making the journey with three yoke of oxen and a large Penn- 
sylvania wagon, which he purchased in Whitehall, N. Y., while en route. He also 
had a one-horse wagon drawn by a French pony. He and his family spent the 
winter at White Pigeon with a Mr. Olds, and in March resumed their journey, 
reaching Elkhart Prairie on the 17th of that month. At that time the snow was two 
feet deep, and a fierce storm was raging and continued for three days, during which 
time Mr. Frier and his wife and daughter camped on the east side of a large log and 
kept warm by means of a large fire made of hazel brush. This was on the east side 
of the prairie and on a portion of the farm now occupied by Leonard McConaughy, 
Mr. Frier's grandson. The country was fuU of Indians but they did not molest the 
Friers, and when they were seen were friendly. The family lived on corn bread 
and venison, for deer were plenty and easily killed; and in the spring Mr. Frier em- 
ployed ten men to split rails and plow up a tract of land, and one of these men was 



154 PICTORIAL A2fD BIOGRAPHICAL 

80 tired of the wild life in the wilderness and the everlasting "hoe cake" that he 
told Mr. Frier that if he would give him wheat bread to eat he would work for him 
for nothing. Mr. Frier brought with him from Vermont a bound boy named Will- 
iam Y. Wilson, who is now a prosperous farmer and respected citizen of Santa Rosa, 
Cal. Mrs. Frier had among her effects 13 pounds of tea, 5 pounds of sugar and 1 
pound of coffee, which constituted the family's stock of groceries. They traded 
with the Indians for maple sugar and honey, but could not eat the sugar on account 
of the dirt that was in it, but melted it and made it into vinegar. Old Cookoosh, aa 
Indian chief, often came to the cabin to trade with Mr. Frier and was very friendly. 
There were but three white settlers between Ft. Wayne and White Pigeon, as fol- 
lows; Oliver Crane, who resided near the present Goshen fair grounds; a Mr. Boyd, at 
Benton, who was a French-Indian trader, and Maj. Violett on the west side of the 
prairie, which was then two miles wide and three miles long and covered with tall 
grass. Mr. Frier went forty miles for his supplies to a point near Niles, Mich., and 
nsed to cross the St. Jo River near Elkhart in high-water times by swimming his 
oxen. In this way his grist sometimes got wet, and in order to prevent it from 
molding it was put up to dry on the roof of the house. This is but one iUnstration 
of the hardships the early settlers had to endure, but they were borne courageously 
and without a murmur, for they knew it was but a question of time when brighter 
days would come. It was five years before any mail came to the settlers from the 
Eastern States. By industry and hard work James Frier accumulated 630 acres of 
land, which he conducted in an intelligent and satisfactory manner. He was at one 
time associated in business with a Mr. Griifin, in Goshen, but the business proved 
disastrous and Mr. Frier paid the debts. In 1850 he was seized with the California 
" gold fever," and made the journey to that State via New "Sork City and Cape 
Horn. He at once engaged in mining there, but like many other ambitious and 
enterprising men who sought the treasures of mother earth in the wild West, he had 
only been in that section a short time when his career was cut short by death, his 
dissolution taking place in 1852. He and his wife were members of the Methodist Epis- . 
copal Church, and their pioneer cabin was used for religions purposes on many occa- 
sions by the early ministers of the Hoosier State. His wife died February 9, 1862, aged 
seventy-seven years. The first court in Elkhart county was held on the threshing floor 
which belonged to Mr. Frier, and the cases were nearly all against the settlers for 
indulging in too much whisky. Mr. Frier was at one time collector of the county, 
and as the county was not organized he carried the results to Indianapolis in a pair 
of saddle-bags. His daughter, Jane, was married at the age of twenty-one, June 2, 
18-14, to Alexander McConaughy, a Scotch-Irishman from the Emerald Isle, whose 
mother died of cholera in Quebec. After their marriage this young couple com- 
menced housekeeping in Elkhart Prairie, and after clearing up a farm, sold out in 
1849, to James Frier, and removed to about twenty-five miles above Des Moines, 
Iowa, on the Des Moines River, where they had a farm of 214 acres, on which they 
lived until 1852, when they returned to Indiana and located on the old James Frier 
homestead. Nine children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. McConaughy : James, 
Clarinda, William (who died young) Charles, Leonard, David, Elizabeth, Austin and 
Isadora, all of whom have been well educated. David graduated from the State 
University of Bloomington, Ind., and died May 7, 1886, at the age of thirty years. 
The father of these children was an industrious and honorable man, and was kind 
and considerate to his family. His widow has seen the country grow from a primi- 
tive wilderness to its present settled condition, which result has been brought about 
only by great labor. She has been possessed of great strength and force of char- 
acter, to face, as she has done, the privations of frontier life and to instill in her 
children principles of truth and right. She has borne her part in life's battles faith- 
fully and well, and has found much comfort and consolation in the Scriptures. She 
has long been a devout and consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
Mr. McConaughy died September 22, 1866. 



MEMOIRS OF ITfDIANA. 155 

Seth a. Jones is oae of the honored residents of Elkhart county, where in va- 
rious capacities he has proved his claim to Upright and meritorious citizenship. 

Israel BLess comes of German stock, the first member of his family to settle in 
America being his grandfather, Baltser Hess, who was born in Hesse, Germany, 
and came to America before the breaking out of the Revolutionary war, through 
which he served as one of Gen. Washington's body guard. He was captured at 
the battle of Long Island, and was a prisoner for seven days. He was a shoe- 
maker by trade, and this occupation received the most of his attention throughout 
life, although in later years he also followed the calling of an agriculturist to some ex- 
tent. After the termination of the Revolution he was married to Miss Eve Hen- 
sel, of German stock, by whom he became the father of nine children: Daniel, 
Baltser, Moses, Sally, Eve, PoUy, Betsey, Katie and Susan. Mr. Hess spent 
his first years in America in the vicinity of Philadelphia, but after his marriage 
resided for a time in Bedford, Penn., and later took up his abode in Ross 
county, Ohio, on land which had been granted him two miles north of the city 
of Columbus, and on which he passed the rest of his days, dying a few years after 
his first settlement. A portion of this land is still in the possession of his de- 
scendants. In his youth he received a common-school education, was an excellent 
provider, in comfortable circumstances, and was an honest, straightforward man and 
a patriot. He died in 1806 at the age of sixty years, a member of the Lutheran 
Chuich and an old line Whig in politics. His son Baltser was born in Bedford, 
Penn., received a limited common-school education in his youth, and was an active 
participant in the War of 1812, stationed at Upper Sandusky. In his youth he 
learned the details of farming and also the baker's trade, and after his marriage 
to Sarah Immell he settled at Columbus, Ohio, and engaged in the bakeiy busi- 
ness. After a time he settled on 100 acres of land in Franklin county, Ohio, but 
in 1829 left that State to remove to Indiana, and arrived in Elkhart Prairie May 
5. He found John Violett settled in a log cabin, having just arrived; also a 
Mr. Riggs and a Mr. Simpson, who had arrived tne fall before, and Col. Jackson 
and James Frier who came in the spring of 1829. Mr. Hess brought with him to this 
section three yoke of oxen, a team of horses and two large wagons, one drawn by 
two yoke of cattle and the other by one yoke and the team of horses in the lead. He 
drove before him several other horses, quite a herd of cattle, sheep and hogs, so 
that he was much better equipped to begin life in a new country than the major- 
ity of pioneer settlers. Mr. Hess settled with his family two miles south of 
Goshen, on land which he had selected the previous year, when he had made 
a visit to the region. This land had been pre-empted by a man by the name 
of John Thornton, who had built a little log cabin, and for the improvements 
that had been made Mr. Hess paid him .§17. Mr. and Mrs. Hess became the par- 
ents of eleven children* that lived to maturity and reared families of their own: 
John, Elias, Mary E., Baltser, Moses, Israel, Daniel, Emily, Martha, Jacob and 
Lydia. These children were partly grown when Mr. Hess removed to Indiana, 
and his sons assisted him in clearing and improving the home farm. He was at 
one time the owner of 1,300 acres, but he kindly assisted his sons to a start in life 
and only retained the old homestead, which consisted of 600 acres and brought 
him in an income sufficient to abundantly provide for himself and wife throughout 
life. They were earnest members of the Baptist Church, and he was a local 
minister of that denomination, his house being the stopping place of the early 
preachers who came to the region. They found in Mr. Hess an admirable aid in 
establishing and organizing churches, and he was also very active in advancing 
the cause of education by erecting school houses, and while serving as trustee of 
his school district endeavored to procure good teachers. He was a strongly 
built man, possessed a good constitution, and succeeded in establishing a cood 
home, where he reared a large family to honorable manhood and womanhood. 
In fact, his value as a pioneer was inestimable; for he was enterprising, public 



156 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

spirited and well to do, and did not selfishly use his means for his own benefit alone, 
but was liberal in his contributions to worthy enterprises. His son Israel was bom 
in Franklin county, Ohio, September 28, 1818, on his father's farm, but his youth 
was almost entirely devoid of school advantages, for his time was almost wholly de- 
voted to assisting to clean and till the home farm. He was in his twelfth year 
when he came to Indiana, and in Elkhart Prairie he grew to manhood. Indians 
at that time were quite numerous throughout that section, and often came to his 
home to trade with his father. Deer and wild turkeys were not plentiful in 
the region until after the Indians had left the country, but the streams were full 
of fish, and prairie chickens abounded. Mr. Hess went to the first school ever 
held in Elkhart Prairie, taught by a Mr. Smith in his own cabin on congressional 
land, which, when surveyed, became school land which was not subject to pre-emp- 
tion, and the latter was obliged to move to other quarters soon after. Young Israel 
helped to clear away the brush which bordered the margin of the prairie, much 
of which was kept back by fires started by the Indians, but which has since 
been allowed to grow and now constitutes good timber land. The prairie was 
covered with sage grass, and in the woodland openings the wild pea-vine grew 
luxuriously, on which the cattle subsisted. Mr. Hess' father obtained his 
supplies at Michigan City, some sisty-five miles away, but the wants of the fam- 
ily were very simple, and they were content with what they could obtain from 
their own land. He first laid in a supply of corn meal at Fort Wayne, sufficient to 
last the family until a crop could be raised, and as soon as roasting ears were 
large enough, the family lived largely on them and afterward ground the ripe com 
and made meal. At the age of twenty-one Israel Hess began to work for him- 
self on Some woodland which had been given him by his father, upon which there 
had not been a tree felled, but this land he afterward sold and was given 205 
acres of laud in Kosciusko county, Ind. , by his father, which was also timber land. 
He cleared lOO acres of this farm, but at the end of ten years, or in 1863, he came 
to his present fine farm of 200 acres, then a cultivated and improved farm. Here 
he has made many valuable improvements, electing an excellent barn and a sub- 
stantial brick residence. The daughter of John B. and Susannah (Ditmore) Gripe, 
Rosanna Gripe, became his wife and has borne him seven children: Mary E., Sey- 
mour, Moses, Gassins M., Martha, Nancy and Ida L. Mrs. Hess is a member of 
the Dunkard Church. Mr. Hess has given all his children good educations, and 
stands high as an industrious and honorable citizen. He is now seventy-four years 
of age, but is still vigorous and hale, the result of a naturally good constitution 
and right living. Mr. Hess originally was a Whig in politics, and at the organiza- 
tion of the Republican party in 1856 he joined himself to it. His reasons, as he 
says, for being a Republican are that the party of his choice is American, and 
that the Government was founded in liberty and his ancestors bore an humble yet 
important part in superseding the lion with the eagle. 

FRiNK L. GoFF, photographer. In few branches of art or science have such de- 
velopments or perfected improvements been made as in photography and no estab- 
lishment in Elkhart county shows more conclusive proof of this assertion than that 
of Frank L. Go£F. This gentleman is an artist of well-known reputation and wher- 
ever his works are exhibited they are recognized as of superior quality and finish. 
Mr. Goff was born in Coldwater, Mich., April 2, 1845, a son of Dorset J. and Julia 
(Terrill) Goff, the former of whom was born in Gourtland county, N. Y., and the/ 
latter in Ashtabula, Ohio. Dorset J. Goff became a hardware merchant of Gold- 
water, Mich., and died in Burr Oak, Mich., of which town he was mayor at the time 
of his death. He had three sons and one daughter, the subject of this sketch being 
the eldest of the family. He was reared in his native town and was educated there 
and at Hillsdale, Mich., but in 1863, removed to Buffalo, N. Y.. where he was em- 
ployed in the wholesale hardware business of Sidney Shepherd & Co., with whom 
he remained five years, two subsequent years being spent with the Western Insur- 



MEMOIRS OP INDIANA. 157 

anoe Company, of Buffalo. At the end of this time the death of his father called 
him to Burr Oak, where he remained for some time studying music and the art of 
photography. In 1877 he came to Elkhart and purchased a photograph gallery of 
Daniel W. Smith and has conducted a successful business ever since. He has occu- 
pied his present quarters since December, 1881, and it is needless to add that Mr. 
Goff's patrons are of the refined and cultivated classes, who appreciate art at its 
true value. His reception rooms are well and tastefully fitted up, and his studio is 
one of the most attractive in Elkhart. He executes photography in all its branches, 
and produces in all his work the best and most beautiful effects. Socially he is a 
gentleman and an honest and upright business man. Many pages of this book are 
adorned with portraits reproduced from negatives by Golf. 

David Miller, son of Elder Jacob Miller, whose sketch appears in this work, 
was bom in Franklin county, Va., about the year 1788, and in 1800 removed with 
his parents to Ohio, and grew to manhood in the vicinity of Dayton, and was there 
united in marriage with Sarah Hardman. He afterward settled in Wayne county, 
Ind., and in 1829 came to St. Joseph county to select a home, and in the spring 
of 1830 brought his family here to settle on a farm four miles west of South Bend 
in German township, where he had entered between live hundred and six hundred 
acres of land. Here he improved a large tract, and with characteristic generosity 
granted portions of the same to his children. When about twenty-five years of 
age Mr. Miller became a minister of the German Baptist Church, and was an 
eminent, worthy and eloqtient minister of the gospel until his death, and was highly 
honored and respected for his exemplary life and generosity by all who knew him. 
According to the belief and custom of the church he never received any financial 
remuneration for his services. He was an intelligent farmer and good business 
man, and as he was also a bard worker and a careful manager he accumulated a 
good property. He died on the homestead in German township on the farm which 
he had entered and labored to improve. His widow survived him until June 2, 1850, 
having borne him the following children: Elizabeth; Aaron, who was an earnest 
and capable minister of the German Baptist Church, and died in South Bend at 
the age of seventy-nine years; Catherine, who married James Goot, and lived in 
German township; Hannah, died in infancy; Anna, married Kobert Cissne; Phcebe, 
married Joseph Cissne, and lived in La Porte county; Mary, married Isaac Marble, 
and lived in German township; Sarah, married George Witter; Susan, married 
Philip Boone; David, married Elizabeth Hoover, and removed to Iowa in the early 
settlement of that State and there died; Martin, married Elizabeth A. Wills, and 
removed to Iowa, settling near Des Moines; and the youngest child, Tobias, 
married Surena Jackson, moved to Kansas, and in that State spent the remainder 
of his days. Daniel H. Miller, of South Bend, was born June 18, 1831, in German 
township, a son of David and Sarah (Hardman) Miller. On the old homestead his 
boyhood and early manhood was passed, and the district schools of the township 
afforded him his education. December 4, 1852, he took a wife in the person 
of Mary O. Price, who was born July 8, 1833, in German township, daughter 
of Joshua M. and Frances (Huston) Price, the former a native of Kentuckv, 
and the latter of Ohio. They came to St. Joseph county, Ind., in the 
spring of 1833, and in German township made their home for many years. Mr. 
and Mrs. Price were the parents of two children, one of whom died in infancy. 
Mrs. Price died March 27, 1889, in South Bend, and Mr. Price survives her and 
makes his home with his daughter Mary, being over eight-one years of age. After 
their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Miller located ou a farm in Warren township, and 
three years lated settled on a farm of eighty acres, the gi-eater portion of which 
Mr. Miller cleared and improved. His industry was rewarded, and since his retire- 
ment from the active duties of life in 1879, he has enjoyed a comfortable com- 
petency. He is a resident of South Bend and there owns valuable residence 
property. Mr. Miller and his wife have two adopted children: Ryall T. and Viola 



158 PICTOBIAL A^D BIOGRAPHICAL 

A., who married Adam KoUar. Mr. and Mrs. Miller are members of the Univer- 
salist Church, and in politics he is a Kepublican. They both possess admirable 
traits of character and naturally have numerous friends. 

Isaiah VioLETT, an honored and well-to-do citizen of Elkhart county, Ind. , is 
descended from an old colonial family of French origin that has flourished in Amer- 
ica since the first member of the family landed on our shores and sought to carve 
out a home for himself in the then wilds of this country. Isaiah Violett is a 
son of Major John W. Violett and was born on the old homestead belonging to the 
former, June 2, 1835, in the vicinity of which he received a common-school educa- 
tion in the pioneer school house of his day, which was supplemented by an 
attendance of the public schools of Goshen. He remained at home until he was 
twenty-three years of age, for he found that he could profitably employ his time on 
the home farm, which was a fine tract of land in one body, two and one-fourth miles 
long by one- half mile wide, and contained 750 acres. Besides this his father also 
owned other valuable land amounting in all to 1,330 acres, and Isaiah naturally 
settled on one of these farms when he steirted out in life for himself sind in time had 
cleared 160 acres from the heavy timber which covered it. Like all pioneer set- 
tlers he had to labor incessantly to accomplish this result and although he bravely 
endured the usual hardships, his efforts were at last crowned with success. On 
September 4, 1862, he married Helen C, daughter of Curtis Hale, and after his 
marriage he resided on a farm in Jackson township until 1871, when he purchased 
a part of the old homestead consisting of 147 acres of land, but later sold a part of 
this and gave ten acres to the Waterford Cemetery on the Elkhart River. Mr. Vio- 
lett devoted but little attention to farming, his attention at present being given 
to the purchase and sale of real estate, for which he seems to have a natural aptitude, 
as he has done, and is doing remarkably well in his line. He is so circumstanced 
that he is enabled to take life easy and quiet pursuits occupy the most of his 
time. He has traveled extensively in the United States and has several times visited 
the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. His descriptions of California life and scenery are 
graphic and interesting, for being a close observer no object of interest escaped his 
eyes, and he has the power of expressing himself in a fluent and interesting 
manner. Politically he has always supported Republican principles, but in no way 
has been an aspirant for political favor as the turmoil and intrigue of the political 
arena is not at aU to his taste. He has become well known for his hospitality, 
for to his pleasant home his friends are warmly welcomed, and n'o one is turned from 
his door without a kindly and cordial word. He is highly respected for his many 
excellent traits of character and possesses those qualities of honesty, intelligence and 
energy for which the American citizen has become world famed. 

E. H. Peftlet. a biographical compendium of St. Joseph county, Ind. , would 
be incomplete were not mention made of the gentleman whose name introduces this 
sketch, for he is a man of much public spirit; he donates liberally to all public 
enterprises and gives his influence to every just measure tor the promotion of 
the common good. He has resided in the county all his life and the people 
have had every opportunity to become familiar with his character and qualifi- 
cations and his good name has always remained unsullied. His birth occur- 
red in Warren township, December 30, 1848, Joseph and Catherine (Bui't- 
ner) Peifley, natives of Lebanon county, Penn., being his parents. The family 
originated in Germany, from which country the grandfather came. Joseph Peffley 
was a minister of the United Brethren Church and for thirty-five years preached the 
doctrines of Christianity in Elkhart and St. Joseph counties. In September, 1848, 
he located in Warren township, of this county, where he purchased a farm on which 
he lived until the day of his death, January 23, 1885. His wife was called from 
life November 7, of the previous year, having borne her husband four children : Simon, 
Henry, Daniel and Ephraim. E. H. Peffley has always been familiar with farming 
and has made that his chief means of livelihood. In the fall of 1873 he moved to 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 159 

Greene township, where he has since resided on a well-improved farm of ninety-four 
acres, which, if small, is so admirably tilled that it yields a paying income. He has 
always been a Republican in his political views since he became old enough to vote, 
and his party showed its appreciation of his faithfulness in April, 1888, by electing 
him to the office of township trustee and honoring him by a re-election in 1890. 
He has displayed much ability in discharging his duties, and is in every way capable 
of tilling a much more responsible position. In 1871 Anna Robertson, a daughter of 
J. W. Robertson, of South Bend, became his wife, and to their union two children 
have been given: V. Mariel and Clyde R. Mr. Peffley, besides thoroughly tilling his 
farm after the most approved methods, also gives considerable attention to raising 
sheep and thoroughbred hogs. 

H. B. Stkes, dry goods and carpets, Elkhart, Ind. The dry goods, carpet and 
cloak house par excellence of Elkhart is the spacious and well-conducted emporium 
of which Mr. Sykes is the proprietor, which occupies an eligible location and is in 
command of a large trade. Mr. Sykes was born in Dorset, Vt, March 18, 1844, a 
son of I. N. and Diana (Gilbert) Sykes, who were also born in the Green Mountain 
State. Richard Sykes, the earliest ancestor of whom they have any knowledge re- 
sided at Dorchester, Mass., in 1634, from which place he removed to Springfield, 
Mass. , in 1676. Victory Sykes, his son, was born in Springfield, Mass., March 3, 
1648, and died in Suffield, Conn., April 25, 1768, at the age of sixty years. Victory 
Sykes, Jr., son of the senior Victory Sykes, was born in Suffield, Conn., September 
5, 1689, and died September 12, 1749, at which time he was also in his sixtieth year. 
Titus Sykes, son of Victory Sykes, Jr., first saw the light of day in Suffield, Conn., 
June 15, 1726 but subsequently became a resident of Dorset, Vt., where he died 
January 7, 1811, his wife, Rhoda's, death occurring in 1790, after having become 
the mother of a large old-fashioned family of fifteen children. Israel Sykes, son 
of Titus, was born at Suffield, Conn., May 28, 1864, and died at Dorset, Vt. , March 
10, 1846, at the age of eighty-two years, having been a soldier in the Revolutionary 
war. Israel Newton Sykes, the father of the subject of this sketch, was born 
October 20, 1805. He was married in Cavendish, Vt., to Miss Diana Gilbert, October 
19, 1831, and their golden wedding was celebrated at Dorset, Vt., at the old home 
October 19, 1881, at which celebration all their children and grandchildren were 
present. The mother was bom July 11, 1809. The father followed farming the 
greater part of his early life. He filled the position of associate judge for two terms 
and the position of probate judge two terms. For a number of years past he has re- 
tired from the active duties of Life, but still resides with his wife on the old homestead 
in Vermont, at the good ripe age of eighty-seven years, in the enjoyment of a comfort- 
able competency. He and his wife were the parents of seven children, five of whom 
still survive. For forty-eight years there was not a death in this family. The sub- 
ject of this sketch was reared in Bennington county, Vt., and received his education 
in the public schools and in a seminary of his native county. He remained on the 
home farm until he was twenty years of age, after which he left home and took a 
course in Eastman's Business College of Poughkeepsie, N. Y. , following which he 
was in a brother's store in Vermont for two years during which time he obtained a 
thorough insight into the business. In 1866 he came West and located at Belvidere, 
111., where he clerked in a drug store for about nine months, then was offered a position 
of assistant cashier of the First National Bank of that place, which he accepted and 
held about eighteen months. He then made arrangements for entering mercantile 
life, and soon after formed a partnerehip with D. D. Sabin, in the dry goods busi- 
ness in that city, and the firm of Sabin & Sykes was continued for sixteen years. 
At the end of this time Mr. Sykes disposed of his interest to his partner and in 1884 
located in Elkhart, Ind., in connection with J. H. Yourt purchasing the dry goods 
and carpet establishment of J. F. Hunt & Company. In December, 1890, Mr. 
Sykes purchased his partner's interest and has since continued the business alone. 
He occupies a three-story brick building, equipped with an elevator, his establish- 



160 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

ment being the largest in the city, and it is safe to say has the leading trade in his 
line. His is in all respects a leading and well-appointed establishment, where is 
always displayed an nnusually fine and very complete assortment of every- 
thing in the lines indicated, every department being replete with the latest novelties. 
The prices quoted, too, are rock-bottom figures, and no inferior goods are allowed to 
be placed in stock, patrons being assured of receiving honest value and satisfactory 
treatment in this deservedly popular store. His busmess the first year amounted to 
§36,000 but has now reached the handsome figures of over $100,000. He devoted 
one entire floor to carpets, curtains and cloaks, and a finer department in this line 
is not shown between Chicago and Cleveland. He carries a stock of from $40,000 
to $50,000, and is now employing a force of twenty salesmen and women. Mr. 
Sykes was married in June, 1869, to Miss Louise S. Avery, of Belvidere, HI., and to 
them four children have been born; Egbert N. ; Mary G. ; Harry B. ; and Walter A. 
Mr. Sykes is a trustee of the Presbyterian Church, of which he and his wife are 
members. 

William Blue, who is endowed by nature with such gifts as characterize true 
manhood in all that the word implies, is descended from an honorable ancestry, and 
his family tree first took root on American soil in the colonial days of Virginia, to 
which region his ancestors came from England. His grandfather, Peter Blue, was 
one of the pioneers of Fayette county, Ohio, cleared a fine farm of 200 acres from 
the wilderness and there he and his wife, whose maiden name was Susan Hazel, and 
who was also born in Virginia, reared a family of eleven chUdren: Benjamin, John, 
Abraham, Peter, Jacob, David, William, Philip, Susan, Alice and Nancy. Peter 
Blue spent his life on his farm in Ohio and died at an advanced age. Three of his 
sons, John, Peter and Jacob, were in the War of 1812. Jacob Blue, his son, was 
brought up on a farm and was married to Charlotte, daughter of David Mortimer, 
of Maryland, an early settler of Fayette county, Ohio, and eventually of Benton 
township, Elkhart county, Ind. ,in which section he died. After his marriage Jacob 
Blue resided in Ohio for some years, but in 1833 settled in Elkhart county, Ind., on 
some land which is yet in possession of his descendants. An old-fashioned family 
of ten children were born to them also: Alice, Mary, Abraham, William, Margaret, 
Jacob, Peter, David (who died young), Susan and Benjamin. Jacob Blue's farm 
was heavily covered with timber but by the exercise of all his energy he succeeded 
in clearing it from the forest and made a good home for his family. His health 
gave way, owing to the hard work he had done, and at the age of fifty-two years he 
was called from life, having been an earnest member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church for many years, with which his wife was also connected. To such noble 
men as Mr. Blue is owing the fine agricultural condition of the country at the pres- 
ent time. William, his son, the subject of this sketch, was bom on the farm in 
Fayette county, Ohio, December 27, 1824, but owing to the fact that he came to 
Elkhart county, Ind., when he was but nine years of age, he received but little 
schooling. They made the journey to this section by wagon and drove their cattle 
and hogs, and Mr. Blue can well remember the trip. October 1, 1846, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Rebecca Grayless who was bom in Boss county, Ohio, February 26, 
1828, daughter of William and Eebecca (Waugh) Grayless, the former of whom was 
born in Maryland and settled as a pioneer in Fayette county, Ohio, becoming a resi- 
dent of Indiana in 1833. He had a good farm of 160 acres in Allen county, on 
which he lived until his demise at the age of sixty-three years. He was a man of 
excellent moral character and was an earnest member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. He was the father of six children who lived to mature years: Mary A., 
Elizabeth. Martha, Charles, Rebecca, Malinda and Cynthia. After his marriage 
William Blue settled on forty acres of his present farm, then covered with heavy 
timber, but his energetic efforts soon cleared this land and he continued to add to 
it until he became the owner of 280 acres, 160 of which he has g^ven to his children, 
and now has 120 acres of his own. His property has been acquired by bis own 



MEJ/OmS OF INDIANA. 161 

efforts and with the assistance of his worthy wife, and they now have a comfortable 
home and are surrounded with all the comforts and many of the luxuries of life. 
Four of their children lived to be grown: Silas, born February 12, 1848, married 
Emily Miller, by whom he has four children and is a farmer near Sacrar Hill; 
Christiana, horn April 11, 1852, married Henry A. Snyder, a farmer of this town- 
ship by whom she has one child; Lonson, born March 3, 1859, married Lizzie Wil- 
ner, by whom he has three children, and is a farmer of this township; and Benja- 
min, born June 7, 1863, is a farmer of this township, is married to Miss Mary Haney 
and is the father of one child. All these children are settled in the immediate vicinity 
of their old home and are honorable, respectable and useful citizens of the com- 
munity. Silas has been trustee of Benton township two terms. Mr. and Mrs. Blue 
are devout members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and in politics he is a Ke- 
publican. He is a substantial farmer who has never taken part in politics, but has 
devoted hia attention to clearing his land and properly bringing up his family and 
the result is greatly to his credit. He has always pursued a correct course through 
life, and for honest integrity and thrift has set a good example to his children. He 
is a thoroughly self-reliant man, but at the same time is quiet and unobstrusive and 
" pursues the even tenor of his way " without interfering with his neighbors' affairs 
and with no desire for public preferment. 

Alexandeb Dotson is a retired farmer of Elkhart county, Ind., who has fought 
the battle of life successfully, and after the burden and heat of the day, is living in 
the enjoyment of a competency which his early labors and perseverence won him. 
His advent into this world occurred in Bedford county, Penu., October 13, 1826, to 
Samuel and Sarah (Moses) Dotson, who were also born in the Keystone State, the 
father's family being of Irish origin, and the mother's of German. The paternal 
grandfather emigrated from the Isle of Erin to America at an early day and settled 
in Pennsylvania, as did also the mother's family. Samuel Dotson was an iron 
manufacturer and worked for old Dr. Shonenberger, whose forge was in Blair 
county, Penn. He and his wife became the parents of five children that grew to 
matuiity, only two members of which family are now living. Alexander was reared 
in Pennsylvania, in the subscription schools of which State he was educated. He 
helped to build the first free school house in Bedford county, Penn., at the town of 
Freedom, when eighteen years of age. He crossed the Alleghany Mountains and 
located in Venango county, Penn., where he was married in May, 1850, to Miss 
Catherine Downing, by whom he became the father of ten children, eight of whom 
survive: Samuel, Daniel, John, Charles, Mack, William, May and Nellie. In 186-1 
Mr. Dotson went to the lower oil regions of Ohio by steamboat, but remained in that 
State only a short time, coming to Elkhart county, Ind., in 1865, and here purchased 
a farm of 122 acres on "Two Mile Plain," where he lived a short time, then 
removed to where he now resides, purchasing 194 acres of land north of Elkhart, 
which he soon sold to the Hydraulic Company, with the exception of twelve acres on 
which his residence is situated and on which he is residing. This property is now 
nearly all in town lots. Mr. Dotson built the house in which he is living, and for his 
farm of 192 acres paid Sll,500, but sold it six months later for §100 per acre, which 
netted him a handsome surplus. He soon after purchased 204 acres in Cleveland 
township, but after farming this land for three years sold out, and has since returned 
from active life. He is the owner of seven dwelling houses and a store building in 
Elkhart, and is in receipt of a very comfortable annual income. His second mar- 
riage was celebrated in October. 1891, to Mrs. Emeline (Tant) Conrod, a native of 
Ohio, who became the mother of five children by her first husband: Edward, Hattie, 
William, Clyde C. and Floyd N. Mr. Dotson is one of the substantial citizens of 
Elkhart county, and has numerous friends who wish him welL His honesty is 
well known; his kindness of heart is recognized and his liberality and public spirit 
are unquestioned. 

JoHj; HxRE has been a resident of Elkhart county, Ind., for many years, and be- 



162 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

longa to an old family of Pennsylvania, to which State his ancestors came from Ger- 
many in early times. The father of John Hire, Rudolph Hire, was born in the Key- 
atone State, and was there united in marriage to Annie Iman, who bore him ten 
children: Jemima, Absalom, Elizabeth, Nancy, Jesse, Mary, William, Jacob, Rudolph 
and John. Rudolph Hire removed to Ross county, Ohio, when it was a wilderness 
inhabited by various wild animals, and there be cleared a farm, made a home, and 
resided uotil 1832, when he moved with his family to Benton township, Elkhart Co., 
Ind., and settled on the Fort Wayne road. At that time he was over sixty years of 
age, but he possessed the energy and push of a young man, and entered 160 acres 
of land which his sons cleared for him. Mr. and Mrs. Hire were members of the 
Dunkard Church, and in this faith Mr. Hire died at the age of eighty-six years. 
He was a thrifty, industrious and upright man, much respected by those who knew 
him, and was especially honored and esteemed by his own immediate family. John 
Hire, whose name is at the head of this biography, was born on a farm in Ross 
county, Ohio, in 1817, but owing to the fact that he was compelled to labor hard 
on the farm, he did not receive much schooling, a fact he has always greatly regret- 
ted and which he has endeavored to remedy by reading and contact with the world. 
He has been a resident of Indiana since he was fifteen years of age, and here he 
was married, after reaching manhood, to Miss Mary Blue, daughter of Jacob and 
Charlotte (Mortimer) Blue, the former of whom was one of the early settlers of the 
Buckeye State. A family of twelve children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Hire, 
eight of whom lived to gi-ow to maturity: David, Eli, Malinda J., Lawson, Abraham, 
John, William and Emma. After his marriage Mr. Hire took up his residence on 
the farm now occupied by his son William, and which was entered by his father and 
consisted of eighty acres of heavy timber land. This he cleared, after many a hard 
day's work, and as his means increased he made other purchases of real estate until 
he became the owner of 200 acres in Benton township and 300 acres in Kosciusko 
county. He generously and thoughtfully assisted each of his chUdren, when they 
started out to fight life's battles for themselves, and either presented them with 
$2,000 or its equivalent in land. His wife, who was a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, was called from life, and Mr. Hire took for his second wife Mrs. 
Mary Brown, whose maiden name was Bean, and by her he became the father of 
three children: Frank, Ray and Harry. Mr. Hire assisted largely in developing 
Elkhart county, and may well take pride in his labors, which have borne such abun- 
dant fruit. His reputation for sterling worth and honor can not be gainsaid, and 
that he is one of the honored citizens of the county is acknowledged by all. He first 
affiliated with the Democrat party, but for the last twenty-five years has been a Repub- 
lican. Two of his sons, David and Eli, served in the Civil war. The former was 
born on the home farm, January 2, 1842, and received a good common-school educa- 
tion. In 1862 he enlisted in Company I, Seventy- fourth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, 
as a private, and went to Indianapolis with his regiment, where he was mustered into 
the service of the United States. From there his command went to Louisville, Ky., 
from which point his regiment pursued the Confederate general, Bragg, through 
Kentucky. Succeeding this, David served in Tennessee and took part in the battles 
of Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Jonesboro, the -Atlanta campaign, in which he 
marched with Sherman to the sea and was in a number of sharp skirmishes. Although 
he was sick three months at Laverne, Tenn., he would not enter the hospital, but 
remained in camp. He served his country faithfully for nearly three years, and in 
June, 1865, was mustered out of the service at Indianapolis, Ind., and returned 
home to turn his sword into a ploughshare. The following winter he attended dis- 
trict school, although he was twenty-three years of age, and on September 26, 1867, 
he was married to Rachel A., daughter of Richard D. and Mary A. (Cormany) Knox, 
her birth having occurred in Elkhart county on September 22, 1846. Richard D. 
Knox was born in Monroe county, Va. , September 30, 1809, came to Elkhart county 
when a young man, and was married at Benton, April 30, 1835, his wife's birth hav- 



MEMOIRS OF INDTAJVA. 163 

ing occurred in Preble county, Ohio, January 15, 1814. Mr. Knox opened up a 
good farm, and being a good manager, and industxious and honorable withal, his 
efforts were rewarded and he became wealthy. He and his wife were members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, and became the parents of ten children: Har- 
riet A., John A., Lucinda A., Joseph T., George D., Bachel A., Enoch, Mary 
J., Richard M. and an infant son. These children received good educations and 
three of them became schoolteachers, and two, John and Richard M., became physi- 
cians. Mrs. Hire was a teacher in her youthful days, but after her marriage she 
and her husband settled on a portion of the farm on which they are now residing, 
which then consisted of forty acres of land which was given Mr. Hire by his father, 
and to which, by industry and thrift, he has added until he is now the owner of 160 
acres of land. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
in which he was class-leader and steward and is now trustee. Mr. Hire is a stanch 
Republican, politically, and although public- spirited and interested in the welfare of 
his section, he is a man of quiet tastes and has always refused to hold any official 
position, although frequently urged to do so. He is a member of the G. A. R., 
Stansbary Post, No. 125, Ligonier, Ind. Three children have been bom to 
himself and wife: George A., Linval J. and Nellie E. Mr. Hire is a warm friend 
of education and has given his children excellent advantages. George A. attended 
the commercial college of Angola, Steuben Co., Ind., and Linval J. attended the 
high school of Ligonier and took a course in music in Chicago. He is a skiUful vio- 
linist and is a competent teacher on that instrument. As a soldier, David Hire was 
faithful and true, and was not afraid to face rebel bullets, as he proved on many a 
hard-fought field. He did able and active service, and to such men the country 
owes the downfall of the Confederacy. 

F. J. Goldman. There is no greater pleasure for the hand and pen of the his- 
torian or biographer to perform than in recording the life and achievements of a 
man who has begun life's battles under adverse circumstances, and through his own 
unaided efforts has secured the general acknowledgment of being an honest man, a 
gentleman, and has acquired a profitable and lucrative business. Such a man is F. 
J. Goldman, one of the leading druggists of Elkhart. A native of Berks county, 
Penn., his birth occurred December 6, 1843, being one in a family of six children 
born to the marriage of John Goldman and Elizabeth Shultz, who were also natives 
of the Keystone State and of German extraction. The father was a farmer by occu- 
pation and was also engaged to a considerable extent in the manufacture of cigars. 
The subject of this biography was reared to manhood upon a farm, and in the cigar 
factory, which trade he followed at intervals during his boyhood, securing only a 
common-school education. By reason of his father's removal to Stouchsburg in 
1857, the better to carry on the manufacturing business, he readily began for him- 
self at the age of fourteen years. Commencing as a hired hand at $4 per month to 
a neighboring farmer, he continued this work for four years. Espousing the cause 
of the Union at the time of the attempted secession by the South, young Goldman 
enlisted in Company K. One Hundred and Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteer 
Infantry on August 8, 1862. Being mustered in as a private, he was immediately 
ordered to the front and participated in several skirmishes, and in these sanguinary 
engagements at Antietam and Chancellorsville, being taken prisoner at the latter 
place on May 3, 1863. He was conveyed to Richmond, was incarcerated in the 
notorious Libby Prison twenty days and then, fortunately, was paroled and 
exchanged. In the meantime his term of enlistment — nine months — had expired, 
and upon his release he found an honorable discharge dated May 20, 1863, awaiting 
him. The object of his original enlistment not having been accomplished, he re-en- 
listed in February, 1864, and became a member of Company H, One Hundred and 
Eighty-sixth Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. From that time until the complete 
subjugation of the rebels, his time was occupied in doing provost and garrison duty 
in his own State, and at the front, serving as deputy provost marshal and as United 



164 PICTORIAL JJTB BIOGRAPHICAL 

States detective. His final discharge bears date August 15, 1865. Kealizing that 
the great West was the place for a young man to seek his fortune, he started for 
California, but on reaching South Bend, Ind. , found it expedient to replenish his shat- 
tered financial resources, and as a means to this end he secured employment in a brick- 
yard, where he remained during the summer of 1866. For two years he worked at 
■various occupations and demonstrated the fact that he was eminently capable of 
looking out for his own interests. In September, 1888, he entered the establishment 
of A. Huntsinger & Co., druggists, at Mishawaka, and remained in the employ of 
this firm for four years. He then accepted a position with D. M. Coonly at South 
Bend, but in 1873 returned to Mishawaka and purchased an interest in the firm of 
A. Cass & Co., remaining thus associated for three years. He then disposed of his 
interest and removed to Elkhart, where he was engaged in clerking until 1884, at 
which time he became a partner with Frank Timmis, on the southwest corner of 
Main and Franklin streets, but later purchased his partner's interest and has since 
conducted a profitable trade alone. Mr. Goldman ia a Republican in politics, has 
been a member of Auten Post, No. 8, South Bend, Ind. , G. A. R. , since 1866, is a 
member of the brotiierhood of Odd Fellows, in which he has taken all the degrees 
of the subordinate lodge and encampment, in which he held various positions of 
honor and trust. June 29, 1871, Miss Maggie A. Stonebrook became his wife, and 
to them four children have been born: Walker J., Royal F., Rita M. and Harry W. 
Edwin M. Elsea is a prominent farmer of Benton township, Elkhart Co., 
Ind., for he has inherited the love of the calling which has ever characterized his 
ancestors and has had practical experience in this line from his youth up. His great- 
grandfather, John Elsea, was born in England and came to America before the 
Revolutionary war, in which struggle he took an active part, rising to the rank of 
captain in the colonial army, being ever afterward known as Capt. Jack Elsea. 
He married and settled in Rockingham county, Va. , near Fredericksburg, and there 
his twelve children were born: Isaac, Lewis, John, Marion, Harriet, Rachel, Re- 
becca, Margaret, Mary, Elizabeth, the names of the other two being unknown. 
Marcraret became the wife of the first editor of the Cincinnati Methodist Advocate. 
Capt. Jack Elsea lived to be quite aged and as a husbandman was very successful, 
owning a large amount of real estate, the manual labor on which was performed by 
his slaves, of which he owned a large number. He was also the owner of a fine 
flourinc mill for those days. He presented his son Isaac, with a number of slaves, 
but the latter refused to hold them. Isaac was born on the old plantation in 
Vircinia May 5, 1776, and was married to Matilda,, daughter of John Burgess, of 
Annapolis, Md., and to them three chOdren were born: John D. , Eveline and Mary. 
Mr. Elsea became a pioneer settler of Muskingum county, Ohio, and from that 
section he enlisted as a soldier in the War of 1812. In 1835 he settled in Jackson 
township, Elkhart Co., Ind., at which time he was quite an old man, and there 
made his home with his son-in-law, Adam Groves, until his death, which occurred 
at the age of eighty-seven years. John D. Elsea, his son and father of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was born in Rockingham county, Va., in 1805, and was twenty- 
two years of age when his father moved to Ohio. After residing there for some 
time he removed to Wayne county, Ind., and there took for his life companion 
Sarah, daughter of Valentine and Martha (MeCormick) Fleahart, the former of 
whom was a farmer of Rush county, Ind. In 1831 Mr. Elsea settled in Benton 
township, Elkhart county, and two years later took up his residence on the farm on 
which the subject of this sketch is now residing. His wife bore him two daughters: 
Matilda and Martha J., but did not live to see them grow up, her death occurring 
when they were very small children. Mary, the daughter of Rudolph and Nancy 
(Inman) Hire, became his second wife, and in due course of time was the mother of 
seven children, who lived to maturity: Rudolph, Mary, James, Nancy, Elma, 
Edwin and John. Politically Mr. Elsea was a Democrat and held the offices of 
justice of the peace two years and county commissioner two terms. He was very 




^^^ 




MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 167 

energetic and enterprising and was the first man to introduce Durham cattle into 
the county, an example that was followed by many others when it was found to be 
a paying investment. He was a man of unquestioned integrity and was made ad- 
ministrator of a number of estates. He was class leader and steward in the Meth- 
odist Church, in the doctrines of which he was a firm believer and of which he was 
an earnest member, up to the time of his death, which occurred when he was fifty- 
seven years of age. He was a stanch Union man during the Civil war and sent 
one son, Rudolph H. , to fight for his country, the latter was a member of Company 
I, Seventy-fourth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, in which he served sis 
months as a private and died in Tennessee of sickness contracted while in the serv- 
ice. Edwin M. Elsea, son of John D., was bom on the old home.stead in Benton 
township May 7, 1854, and in his boyhood was given the advantages of the common 
schools in the vicinity of his home, and his knowledge has since been strengthened 
and increased by reading »»«i- contact with the world and the business affairs of 
life. He was married to Elizabeth, daughter of Robert and Charlotte (Flen) 
Chatten. The union of Mr. and Mrs. Elsea has resulted in the birth of two chil- 
dren: Ray C. and Roy H. (twins), born August 5, 1881. Mr. Elsea is the owner of 
145 acres of land and is a progressive and enterprising tiller of the soil. He is a 
deservedly popular man and is well known for his integrity and general intelligence, 
which renders him a leader in enterprises which are brought before the public. 
He is a Democrat politically. The Elseas have resided on the farm on which Edwin 
M. is residing for over fifty years. 

Alexander Gordon. Alexander Gordon, one of the best known and most pro- 
gressive farmers of Elkhart county, is a native of Westmoreland county, Penn.,born 
January 26, 1828. John Gordon, his father, was a native of the Keystone State, a 
farmer by occupation, although for a number of years he operated a wool-carding 
machine. He married Nancy Hamilton for his first wife, who died after bearing a 
large family of children; he then married Mrs. Eleanor Johnson, whose maiden 
name was McWilliams, a widow with four children, and by her became the father 
of six children, the subject of this sketch being the youngest. Alexander Gordon 
at the age of eight years, was left fatherless, and the family in destitute circum- 
stances because of the liberality of the father in accommodating his friends by going 
security. Practically at this age he began struggling with adversity for the pur- 
pose of securing to himself and others the comforts of home. His youth and early 
manhood were passed as a farm laborer, the wages received rarely exceeding $8 per 
month. While yet in his teens he found employment in the lumber regions of 
northwestern Pennsylvania, and later was engaged in that business upon his own 
responsibility. To those who never experienced the actual life of a lumberman, 
that career does not seem to be an}» more filled with hardships than manv others- 
but such was not the case in those days. After swinging the ax day after day in 
the forest, the timber would be taken to the river, lashed together and rafted to the 
markets of Pittsburg, Cincinnati, Louisville and other points, the workers being 
exposed to the fury of the prevailing storms. It required men of excellent phys- 
ique and constitution to do this work, and men of brain, grit and determination to 
make it a success. Until 1872 Mr. Gordon continued this business and by the 
hardest of work accumulated a fair competency. Desiring to give his children 
better educational advantages than he had, he sold his lumber interests advantage- 
ously, moved to Elkhart county, Ind., in the year above stated, and purchasing a 
tract of land engaged in agricultural pursuits. The county has ever since been his 
home and farming his occupation, except for the past six years he has resided in the 
city of Elkhart, and besides his beautiful home, he is the owner of about 400 acres 
of land in this county and 550 acres in Emmett county, Iowa. Mr. Gordon's edu- 
cational advantages were very limited being confined to times when he could secure no 
work and when he possessed suitable and sutficient clothing. Inheriting the combat- 
ive nature of the Irish, and the high principles of integrity and industryot the Scotch 



168 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

from his ancestors, he has applied both, not only in the accumulation of this world's 
goods, but in securing a fair education by extended readings. In Elkhart county, 
whore he is best known, Mr. Gordon commands universal respect for his honesty 
and morality, and is justly conceded as a man of more than ordinary information 
and good judgment. In eveiy sense of the word he is a self-made man. First a 
Whig in politics, he became a Republican in 1856 and has since affiliated with that 
party. While a man of strong convictions, he recognizes errors in his party and so 
far as he is able strives to rectify them. The temperance cause has in him a warm 
advocate, and he believes it would be for the best to absolutely abolish the traffic in 
liquor as a beverage. While a man of much liberality, he confines his munificence 
to objects of education, Christianity and morality. Mr. Gordon was married 
August 20, 1857, to Miss Mary Jane McBride and to their union eight children 
have been born : Allen Hamilton, Albert Addison, Mary Jane (deceased), Margaret 
(deceased), Alexander, Addie Greene, Alice Alabama and "William Grant Mr. 
Gordon is an Encampment degree Odd Fellow, and while a member of no church 
organization is a Unitarian in belief. 

Joseph Stiver, Benton, Ind. The prudent ways and careful methods of the 
Teutonic farmer are conspicuous in Elkhart county, where so many representatives 
of the German race have settled, and Joseph Stiver is no exception to the rule. 
The early members of his family were residents of Wurtemburg, Germany, and the 
original spelling of the name was Stoefer. A Lutheran minister of the name immi- 
grated to America about 1712 and settled in Lancaster county, Penn., and was said 
to have been the first minister of that denomination to settle within the borders of 
" Penn's Woodland." He reared a family of children, and spent the rest of his days 
in the land of his adoption. Casper Stiver, his son, was a babe when his parents 
broncrht him to American shores, but there he grew to sturdy and honorable manhood 
and was an active participant throughout the Revolutionary war. He rose to the rank 
of captain and was very active in furnishing provisions for the Continental army, 
the supplies being hauled to the army by his sons. He married in Pennsylvania, 
but afterward became a pioneer settler of Montgomery county, Ohio, in which 
region he took up his residence as early as 1806, having come down the Ohio river 
on a flat boat and landing at Cincinnati. The family prospered and became wealthy, 
and in Ohio, as well as Pennsylvania, they were substantial and representative farm- 
ers. John Stiver, son of Casper, was bom in Pennsylvania, and was married there 
to Miss Wolf, who bore him the following children: Frederick, Michael, Samuel, 
Eli, Barbara. Susannah, Elizabeth and Catherine. When the family removed to 
Ohio, John Stiver was among the number, and in Montgomery county the remainder 
of his days were spent on a tine farm of 500 acres. He died at the age of eighty- 
three years, having followed the occupation of saw-milling in connection with farm- 
ing. His son, John B. Stiver, was bom in Dauphin county, Penn., in 1804, and 
was only two years of age when taken to Ohio. Owing to the very poor school 
facilities of that day he obtained only a limited education, the most of his youthful 
days being devoted to tilling the soil and operating a saw-mill. Upon reaching 
manhood he led to the hymeneal altar Miss Catherine Bickel, daughter of Jacob 
Bickel, her mother being a Wilhelm. Their union resulted in the birth of four 
children: Susan, Barbara, Jonathan, and Joseph, the subject of this biography. 
After his marriage, which occurred when he was about twenty-five years of age, he 
settled in Montgomery county, Ohio, but became dissatisfied with his location, and 
about 1837 moved to Indiana and located on a tract of timber land in Clinton town- 
ship. Elkhart county, which he cleared and converted into a fine farm. The land 
which he devoted to the culture of agricultural products amounted to about 100 
acres, but he owned sixty acres of timber land besides. On this farm he " pursued 
the even tenor of his way," and thus assisted in settling and improving two new 
counties. Politically a Democrat, he was much respected and helped to organize 
the township of Clinton. He was an honorable and substantial citizen, and his 



MEMOIRS OF I2f DIANA. 169 

death, which occurred at the age of sisty-five years, was regretted by all who had 
the honor of his acquaintance. He was a member of the Lutheran Church, and his 
wife of the German Reformed Church. Joseph Stiver, their son, whose name heads 
this sketch, was born in Clinton township, March 4, 1842, his youth being spent in 
attending the common schools and assisting his father on the home farm. After 
attaining a suitable age he began teaching school, which occupation he followed for 
some time, or until his marriage to Catherine, daughter of William and Elizabeth 
(Boomershine) Culp. About five years after his marriage Mr. Stiver settled on his 
present farm of 118 acres in Benton township, which at that time was partially 
cleared, and has since made many improvements in the way of clearing his land and 
erecting buildings. He has a line residence, bams, etc., and his home, one of the 
pleasantest in the township, bears evidence of culture and refinement. Mr. and 
Mrs. Stiver have three children: Saloma P., who was a graduate of the University of 
Heidelburg, Tiffin, Ohio, is now a successful teacher in the graded schools of Goshen; 
Alice E. who attended school at Goshen, and is teaching in the public school at 
Benton, and Hershy A. Mr. Stiver is a public-spirited citizen, is a stanch supporter 
of the public school system, and is warmly in favor of public improvement. He is 
a Democrat politically, and he and his wife are members of the Reformed Church 
of the United States. Members of the Stiver family are scattered all over the west- 
ern country, and are numbered among the foremost citizens of the localities in 
which they reside. They were soldiers in the Civil war, and for years a newspaper 
has been conducted at Harrisburg, Penn. , of which a Stiver has been the editor. 
William Culp, the father of Mrs. Stiver, is one of the old settlers of Benton town- 
ship, but was born in Pennsylvania. His father, Conrad Culp, was born and married 
in Berks coonty, Penn., and was the father of two children, Mariah and Henry. 
He was a farmer, and finally settled in Northumberland comity, Penn., where he 
owned a good farm of 200 acres. He and his wife were members of the German 
Reformed Church. He lived to be eighty years of age, having been a substantial 
farmer and an upright citizen. His son, Henry, father of William, was born in 
Berks county, Penn., and married Saloma, daughter of Henry Koler, their union 
resulting in the birth of eight children: Peter, Samuel, William, Benjamin, Henry, 
Hettie, Charles and Sarah. The father of these children settled on the old home- 
stead in Northumberland county, Penn. , where he died at the age of forty-three 
years. He was very industrious and helped to clear a good farm there, was very 
pious and was a member of the German Reformed Church. His wife was a 
Lutheran. Their son, William, was bom on the old home farm in Northumberland 
county, January 17, 1819, was reared to the life of a farmer, and received a com- 
mon-school education. He was married in Montgomery county, Ohio, at the age of 
twenty-five years, to Elizabeth, daughter of Abraham and Catherine (Cook) Boomer- 
shine, who became the parents of nine children: Henry, Abraham, Michael, Lewis, 
Daniel, William F., Elizabeth, Catherine and Sarah. Abraham Boomershine became 
the owner of a fine farm, on which he died at the age of eighty-seven years. After 
his marriage William Culp resided one year in Montgomery county, Ohio, but in the 
fall of 1845 settled on his present farm in Indiana, which then consisted of eighty 
acres of timber land, on which he built a log cabin and by hard labor eventually 
cleared. By diligence and thrift he has become the owner of 180 acres. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Culp five children were born: Abraham, William H., Catherine, Sarah A. 
and Elizabeth S. Mr. Culp has been an elder in the German Reformed Church 
for many years, and in his political views is a Democrat. He is a public-spirited 
and upright citizen, and has the good will and respect of all who know him. 

W. F. WicKwiRE deserves special mention in this work from the fact that he ia 
one of the oldest business men of Elkhart, Ind., and an industrious and shrewd 
man of affairs. He was bom in Connecticut, near Long Island Sound, in New 
London county, March 25, 1828, and is the only one living of three sons and six 
daughters and is the youngest born of Willard and Theoda (Chapel) Wickwire, the 



170 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAFHICAL 

former of whom was a farmer by occupation, and so far as is known those of that 
name have followed agricultnral pnrsuits. Connecticut, the land of his nativity, 
was also the place of his rearing. His educational advantages were limited to the 
common school and was more on the practical order than otherwise. Until about 
eighteen years of age he assisted in the work on the home farm, then, disregarding 
his father's advice to go to an academy to school, he went to New London and 
embarked in the butchering business, where he remained five years, and later con- 
tinued the same business at Norwich six years. In 1857 he started west to Mich- 
igan on a visit to relatives, with the expectation of remaining only a short time, but 
remained eleven months, during which time he imbibed such a favorable opinion of 
the country that upon returning to the East he remained there only a short time, 
when he again shouldered his grip-sack and started West, his mind being taken up 
with the possibilities of western life, and here he determined to make his future 
home. In May, 1858, he accordingly returned to Lawton, Mich., at which place 
he opened a hotel which he conducted three years, then took up his residence in 
Elkhart, and ever since June, 1861, he has resided on the southeast comer of Jack- 
son and Second streets, where he has kept the well-known hostelry known as the 
Elkhart House. It is altogether likely that there is not another case on record in 
the history of Elkhart when any of her business men have continued in the same 
place, at the same business and the same length of time as Mr. Wickvrire, and but very 
few business men are now engaged in active pursuits that were here when he came. 
While Mr. Wickwire has never made any boasts that his house is equal to the Palmer 
House, of Chicago, yet his thirty-one years of successful business has pronounced 
him and his house in the category of A No. 1 country hotels. While taking no 
active part in politics he has always read and kept posted aa to the news of the 
day, has served in local positions of trust, and is a Democrat. Besides his town 
property he owns land in Cleveland and Osolo townships amounting to 112^ acres. 
He was married in 1850 to Miss Myra A. Church, and by her he is the father of one 
sou, Frank W. Besides this son Mr. and. Mrs. Wickwire have two adopted 
daughters. 

Jesse D. Vail is a prominent pioneer of Benton township, Elkhart Co., Ind., 
and is a direct descendant of a family that dates back to the early settlement of the 
Middle States, some of its members being well-known and sterling men of affairs, 
who have made records for themselves in business life. His remote ancestors came 
from Wales and settled in Long Island, and two of the founders of the family in this 
country reared families. They were Quakers, and took advantage of the liberal and 
noble offer made to all religious sects by William Penn, and decided to seek a home 
in American wilds. One of the brothers eventually settled in New York State, 
while the other one removed to New Jersey, and there founded the family of which 
the subject of this sketch is a descendant. Samuel Vail, the great-grandfather of 
Jesse D., was bom in New Jersey, on Bound Brook near Plainfield, where he owned 
a farm, reared a family and died. His son, Abraham, was born on this farm near 
Plainfield, about 1743, was reared to the life of a farmer, and in the State of New 
Jersey was married to Margaret Randolph, a cousin of the noted John Randolph, of 
Roanoke, the American statesman. To Mr. and Mrs. Vail seven children were 
born: Benjamin, Robert, Stephen, Samuel, Taylor, Mercy and Catherine. Event- 
ually Mr. Vail became the owner of 300 acres of land in Fayette county, Penn., 
which was what was called a "tomahawk right," and was purchased by him second- 
handed, he receiving a patent from the Government. He cleared this land and lived 
on the same for many years, until his house was burned down in March, 1833. 
His wife died at the age of eighty years, and the last six years of his life were spent 
with his sou Samuel, his demise occurring in 1839, at the advanced age of ninety- 
six years. His farm is still in the possession of his grandsons, James and Oliver, 
children of Taylor Vail. Mr. Vail was a Quaker, a substantial farmer, a respected 
man of great integrity of character, and until he was eighty years of age was sue- 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAJNA. 171 

ces3fully engaged in the tilling of the soil. When in his prime he possessed a fine 
physique and was very strong and vigorous. A physician was never called in to 
attend him until he was over eighty, at which time he was badly hurt by falling 
from a horse. His son Samuel was bom on the old farm near Plainfield, N. J. , and 
as his youth was devoted to the tilling of the soil he had bat few advantages for 
acquiring an education. At the age of nineteen years he went with his father to 
Fayette county, Penn., and was married in Washington county to Agnes, daughter 
of Joseph and Agnes Griswold, the former of whom was a farmer of that county, 
and died a comparatively young man. After marriage Samnel Vail and wife settled 
on a farm adjoining that of the former's father who gave him $1,500, his wife, Agnes, 
having an equal amount With their §3,000, '260 acres of land was bought, and on 
this they resided the rest of their natural lives and reared a family of nine children: 
Charles, Priscilla, Mercy, Hannah, Joel, Jesse, Abraham (who died at the age of five 
years), Margaret (who died a married woman) and Martha (who died at the age of 
four years). Samuel Vail was a substantial farmer, respected by the people, and 
held many township offices. He and his wife were devout adherents of the Quaker 
Church, and Mrs. VaO was a preacher of that faith, regularly appointed. She was a 
woman who wielded much influence in church affairs, but her career was cut short 
at the age of thirty-eight years, when just in the zenith of her usefulness. After 
her death Mr. VaU married her cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Griswold, 
and to this union four children were given: Edward, Agnes, Abraham and Lydia. 
Mr. Vail lived to the patriarchal age of ninety-four years, which was no doubt owing 
to the strictly temperate and healthful life that he led, as he did not inherit a very 
rugged constitution. He was noted for his great honesty, his simplicity of char- 
acter, his faithfulness to his convictions, his loyalty to his friends, and for his affec- 
tions and consideration in the family circle. He was an old line Whig in politics. 
Jesse D. Vail, his son, was born in Fayette county, Penn., March 31, 1814, in the 
common schools of which county he received a fair education, which was afterward 
greatly improved by contact with the world and the business affairs of life. He was 
reared a farmer, and worked for his father until he was twenty-three years of age, 
but in the spring of 1837 came to Indiana, passing through Buffalo during the 
great financial panic of that year, and witnessed the suspension of the banks. May 7. 
He had purchased a stock of general merchandise in Philadelphia, in companv with 
his brother Charles, and upon reaching Elkhart county they located at Benton on 
May 15, 1837, where they condacted a general store for two years under the firm 
name of C. D. & J. D. Vail. C. D. Vail sold his share of the goods to James Banta, 
and the firm was then Vail & Banta. These gentlemen purchased a stock of coods 
owned by Albert Banta, but at the end of two years, owing to the financial panic of 
1837—41, they were obliged to discontinue business, as there was so little money in 
circulation. Mr. Vail then borrowed money and bought 171 acres of land, which is 
now a part of his present farm. This was school land, and he lived on it two years 
and cleared a part of it. When in Fayette county, Penn., he had married, August 
24, 1838, Miss Elma Cope, who was born in 1816, a daughter of Samuel and Sarah 
(Willits) Cope, and to them five children were given: Melissa and Margaret (who 
died in infancy), Samuel, Sarah and Lewis. In 1843 Mr. Vail returned to Pennsvl- 
vania with his family, and for about sis years resided on a farm. In 1849 he 
returned to Benton township, Elkhart county, Ind., to his land, which he at once 
set about clearing and improving, and through industry and perseverance has made 
it a model farm. He has added to it at different times until he now owns 215 acres, 
all of which is very finely improved. Mr. Vail was county commissioner from 
December, 1860, until the fall of 1865, and has ever been a strong Republican in 
politics. His father was a strong Abolitionist and his house was a station on the 
Undergi-ound Kailroad, where he used to assist slaves to reach their goal — Canada. 
Jesse D. Vail was a strong Union man during the war, and was a member of the 
military board and assisted to raise men and money to carry on the war. He was 



172 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

enrolling officer in his township, and at one time helped to raise $11,500. He was 
a member of the Republican Central Committee of Elkhart county for twentj-four 
years, and for many years has been a delegate to every Republican State convention, 
and was one of the founders of the party in this county. After the death of his wife 
he was married to Miss Emily, daughter of Jesse and Nancy (Stevens) Coldren, the 
mother a direct descendant of Thaddeus Stevens. This wife died thirteen months 
after their marriage, and for his third wife Mr. Vail took Mrs. Sarah Prickett, 
daughter of Peter and Isabel (Jackson) Diddy, the former of whom was an old pio- 
neer of this county, and settled at Two Mile Plain, on the St. Joe River, in 1829. 
He was a very prosperous farmer, and was one of the first associate judges in the 
county. Mr. Vail's third wife bore him two children: Elma, who died at the age of 
three years, and Emily. He has given all his children good educational advantages, 
and his youngest daughter has just graduated at the graded school of Goshen; 
Samuel C. attended coUege at South Bend; Lewis W. attended Erlham College at 
Richmond, Ind. Mr. Vail is now approaching eighty years, with mental faculties 
unimpaired, is erect in stature, and his eyes are yet clear and uridimmed. The man 
himself is richer and nobler and grander for the experiences that each successive 
decade has brotight him, and personally is one of the most popular of men, his 
amiable disposition and courteous manner endearing him to all who are so fortunate 
as to enter the wide circle of his friendship. 

Silas Baldwin, deceased, was a native of East Bloomfield, N. J. , his birth occur- 
ring September 23, 1811, and was one in a family of three sons and six daughters 
born to the marriage of David S. Baldwin and Elizabeth Kent. In 1821 the family 
moved from New Jersey to a place near Pittsburg, Penn., from where they removed 
two years later, to Warren county, Ohio. The following interesting account of 
their moving farther westward is taken from the history of Cass county, Mich: 
David S. Baldwin and his two sons, Silas and Josephus, left Warren county, Ohio, 
in March, 1828, for what was then known as the St. Joseph country, and arrived in 
April, camping on the south-west corner of Beardsley Prairie. They found food for 
both man and beast very scarce and had to resort to felling trees for brouse for the 
cattle, and to the woods and streams for food for themselves. They brought with 
them one horse, three yoke of cattle, one cart loaded with provisions, camp equipage, 
breaking plow, log chains, axes, iron wedges, etc. The weather, while on the 
journey, was so wet and cold, the roads so bad, and traveling so very disagreeable 
that their progress was greatly retarded. Through St. Mary's Swamps they made 
but three miles per day. There was only one house between Fort Wayne and Ben- 
ton at which place they found the Elkhart River so badly swollen from long con- 
tinued rains that a canoe had to be dug out of a white wood tree before they could 
cross. The two sons, Silas and Josephus, then fifteen and sixteen years old respect- 
ively, after remaining until June, returned to Ohio, their outfit consisting of one 
horse which they rode alternately, a supply of provisions and a five dollar bill. In 
the fall of 1830 the boys came back with the rest of the family. Silas removed to 
Elkhart in April, 1843. He was a lieutenant in the Black Hawk war and his rem- 
iniscences of that struggle are well worth publication. Prior to coming to Elkhart 
Mr. Baldwin followed merchandising at Edwardsborg, Mich., and then, on the 15th 
of February, 1837, he wedded Miss Jane Gephart. For a number of years he 
followed mercantile pursuits in Elkhart and was twice burned out. He was post- 
master from 1844 to 1848 and was then succeeded by the late Hon. B. L. Daven- 
port. In 1850 he took an active part in the struggle for the passage of the Michigan 
Southern (now the Lake Sbore) Railroad through the county, acted as agent for the 
company in securing the right of way from Baugo to Bristol, collected the subscrip- 
tions himself, and upon the completion of the road was made the first station agent 
at Elkhart. In 1856 he became interested in the Elkhart Bank, but later, with his 
associates, organized the First National Bank of which he was elected cashier. Ill 
health compelled his resignation a number of years later and from that time on was 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 173 

practically retired from active business pursuits, confining his attention in looking 
after his varied interests. Beginning life's battle a poor boy, he selected honesty, 
industry and frugality as his guide, and by strict adherence to these principles 
acquired an honored name, a spotless reputation and a fair competency of this 
world's goods. In his early career he was what is termed an old " Jacksonian Dem- 
ocrat," bat his political views changed with the assault upon Fort Sumter, and he 
ever afterward was identified with the Republican party and its principles. His 
life's labors were supplemented by the aid of an intelligent and devoted wife, who 
yet survives him. To Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin four children were born as follows: 
Helen Jane, who died July 24, 1865, the wife of Col. John W. Shaffer; Frank J., 
killed at the battle of Stone River when only eighteen years of age, being at that 
time a lieutenant in the Union army, a rank he had attained by distinguished gal- 
lantry; Edwin A., who died in infancy; and Elizabeth F., now Mrs. A. R. Beards- 
ley, of Elkhart. Mr. Baldwin died May 22, 1889. The following appropriate lines 
were taken from a local paper containing a notice of his death: 

" He has done the work of a true man; 
Crown him, honor him, love him; 
Weep over him tears of woman; 
Stoop manliest brows above him.'' 

Henry Geisinger. The history of Elkhart county, Ind. , is filled with the deeds 
and doings of self-made men, and no man residing therein is more deserving the 
appellation than Mr. Geisinger, for he marked out his own career in youth, and has 
steadily foUowed it up to the present time; has grasped at all opportimities for 
bettering his financial and social condition, and as a natural result soon found him- 
self on a smooth sea and floating with a prosperous tide. He is well known in the 
section in which he resides, and the respect that is accorded him is but a natural 
tribute to his merit. He is descended from a substantial German family that set- 
tled in Bucks county, Penn. , in which section Jacob Geisinger, the grandfather of 
the subject of this sketch, became a well-to-do farmer. He was married there and 
became the father of six children: Henry, Philip, Betsey, Polly and Barbara, and 
one whose name can not be recalled. He removed with his family to Markham 
township. Upper Canada, now Ontario, where he cleared a farm, on which he resided 
until he met an tintimely death by the falling of a tree. He was a member of the 
Mennonite Church, follower of Simon Mennon, and while in Germany had been per- 
secuted on account of his religion and fled to the asylum that had been provided by 
William Penn in the wilds of America. He was a non-combatant during the Rev- 
olutionary war, and owing to his religious belief, would not take up arms, but 
nevertheless was loyal to the King of England, and after the termination of that 
war, like many other Loyalists or Tories, he removed to Canada, and was granted a 
tract of land by the King for his loyalty. His son, Henry, father of the subject of 
this sketch, was born in Bucks county, Penn. , and in his early boyhood removed to 
Canada with his father, where he grew to manhood, and was united in marriage 
with Miss Elizabeth Curts, a native of Bucks county, Penn., and of German descent, 
whose family left Pennsylvania at the same time as did the Geisingers. They 
became the parents of fifteen children, all of whom lived to grow up except one, 
and the following are the members of this large family: Jacob, John, Henry, 
Samuel, Daniel, David, Joseph, Susan, Barbara, Polly, Nancy, Elizabeth, Cath- 
erine, Fannie and Sarah. In 1827 the father of these children returned to the 
States and settled in Medina county, Ohio, where he bought 160 acres of land, 
which, by hard work and good management, he eventually cleared from timber and 
brush. He died at the advanced age of eighty-six years, having reared his family 
in the belief of the Mennonite Church. He acquired a comfortable competency, 
and being public-spirited, enterprising and honest, he had a very extended circle of 
friends and acquaintances. Henry Geisinger, whose name heads this sketch, was 
born in Markham township. Upper Canada, January 25, 1815, and was twelve years 



174 PICTORIAL ASD BIOGRAPUICAL 

of age when he came to Ohio with his parents. Like the majority of farmers' boya 
in those early times, he received but few advantages for acquiring an education, 
but during tbe two months that he attended the common schools of the Buckeye 
State he learned to read and write, and acquired a slight knowledge of arithmetic. 
Like a dutiful son he cheerfully assisted his father on the home farm until he was 
twenty-one years of age, and after starting out for himself learned the trade of car- 
penter. He was married in Wayne county, Ohio, on August 31, 1839, to Miss 
Mary Garber, who was born in Lancaster county, Penn., September 1, 1814, 
daughter of Jacob Garber, farmer of Wayne county, Ohio, who lived to an advanced 
age. Mr. and Mrs. Geisinger's union resulted in the birth of the following children: 
Fannie, born in Wayne county, July 22, 1840; Mariah, bom in Wayne county, 
November 20, 1842; Anna, also born there April 3, 1845; Lucinda, a native of that 
county, born June 11, 1847; Sarah, born in Medina county, Ohio, March 30, 1850; 
Henry, born in Medina county May 28, 1852 ; Catherine, bom in Elkhart county, 
Ind. . May 27, 1855, and David, born in Elkhart county. May 10, 1858. After his 
marriage Mr. Geisinger resided in Wayne county and worked at his trade for six 
years, after which he moved to Medina county and bought 120 acres of land, heav- 
ily covered with timber, which he partly cleared before selling it in 1852. In the 
fall of that year he came to Elkhart county, Ind., and settled on the land on which 
he is now residing, at which time there were only fifteen acres cleared. He cleared 
the remainder himself, and through industry was at one time the owner of 240 acres 
of tine land. He is in good circumstances, has been identified with the progress 
and development of Elkhart county, and has met with substantial results in the 
coaduct of his affairs. His good name is above reproach, and he possesses those 
traits of character which mark the honorable business man, the progressive and 
public-spirited citizen, and the kind, considerate and faithful family man. He is a 
member of the Mennonite Church of which his wife, who died on March 14, 1867, 
was also a member. 

David Berkey. The remote ancestor of this family came from Switzerland to 
America at a very early date and settled in Berks county, Penn., where they were 
engaged in tilling the soil. The paternal grandfather of our subject left Berks 
county and settled in Somerset county, Penn., where he reared his family of seven 
children: John, Peter, Tobias, David, Fannie, Anna and Jacob. Berkey was one 
of the early settlers there and owned a good farm on which his death occurred. 
In religion he was a Mennonite. His son, John Berkey, was bom on the old 
homestead in Somerset county, and like the average country boy, received his educa- 
tion in the common schools. When starting out for himself, young Berkey selected 
agricultural pursuits as his calling in life and married Miss Annie Berkeypile, 
daughter of Andy Berkeypile, a farmer of Somerset county, who reared a large 
family of children, most of whom lived to be very old people. John Berkey settled 
on a farm tour miles south of Johnstown, Cambria Co., Penn., shortly after his 
marriage, and on this he and his worthy companion passed the remainder of their 
days. Six children were born to his first union, as follows: Jacob, Mary, Eva, 
Peter, David and Fannie. After the death of his wife, Mr. Berkey did not wish to 
remain on the large farm, consisting of 700 acres, and the children were brought 
up principally by relatives, except Peter, who remained with his father. Mr. 
Berkey went to reside at Johnstown and there invested in a bridge crossing Stony 
Eiver into Johnstown, where he kept the toll house for many years. Soon after 
settling in Johnstown he married Miss Elizabeth Ebbert, and two children were born 
to them: Chauncy and Clara. Mr. Berkey lived to be fifty- three years of age and 
died in Johnstown. He was a devout member of the Christian Church. His first 
wife was a member of the Lutheran Church and his last wife a Baptist in religion 
views. Mr. Berkey was a man of great integrity and for many years was judge of 
the elections. Thus he was called Judge Berkey. In politics he was an old line 
Whig. His children became honorable and respected men and women, and worthy 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 175 

citizens of any community in which they settled. His son, Peter, was well edu- 
cated and is now a wealthy banker of St. Paul, Minn., and one of the leading men. 
Another son, Jacob, became a Donkard preacher and came to Elkhart county, Ind., 
about 1845. He was here made a preacher and assigned to a part of the district 
of Dainel Cripe, who was the original founder of the Dunkard Church in northern 
Indiana. James Tracy, another pioneer preacher, was associated with him. Jacob 
Berkey carried on his ministeral duties here many years, and then moved to Texas, 
where he was aceidently drowned. David Berkey, son of John, and the subject of 
this sketch, first saw the light of day October 14, 1824, in Somerset county, Penn. 
(now Cambria county), and received, all told, about four months' schooling. He 
became familiar with agricultural pursuits at an early age, and in the fall of 1843, 
when about twenty years of age, came to Indiana. He bought an ax and engaged in 
clearing in this and La Grange counties, continuing this for two years and thus ac- 
cumulating some means. On the 5th of February, 1846, he man'ied Miss Elizabeth 
Bonner, a native of Ross county, Ohio, born near Washington Court-house, April 
27, 1825, and the daughter of Solomon and Elizabeth (Imeu) Bonner. Solomon 
Bonner was boru in Virginia and was of Irish descent. He was married first in 
Virginia, and by this wife was the father of four children: Susannah, born Decem- 
ber 6, 1799; Henry, bom June 15, 1802; Chloe, born April 10, 1804, and Enoch, 
bom March 14, 1806. This wife died in Virginia, and Mr. Bonner went to Koss 
county, Ohio; settled in the wilderness, and was there married to Miss Elizabeth 
Imen who bore him these children: Ethlinda, born March 14, 1811; Moses, bom 
August 28, 1813; Catherine, born June 28, 1815; Hannah, born October 20, 1816; 
Solomon, born May 13, 1819; Abijah, born April 13, 1821; Rebecca, born March 27, 
1823, and Elizabeth, who was bom April 27, 1825, as given above. Solomon 
Bonner died in 1851, when seventy-seven years of age, on his farm in the township 
where our subject now lives. He was a soldier in the War of 1812, and a pioneer 
farmer of Ross county, Ohio, where he owned a good farm. Later he came to 
Elkhart county, Ind. , and settled on the farm now owned by our subject. This was 
in 1832 and he moved his family with a horse and wagon and drove cattle and hogs. 
He was a member of the Dunkard Chui-ch and a man of great honesty and respecta- 
bility. After marriage David Berkey and wife settled in Elkhart Prairie; remained 
there two years, and then moved to a farm now owned by John Myers, in Clinton 
township, where they made their home for ten years. Mr. Berkey then bought the 
old homestead of Eliza Bonner and has since resided on this. Three children were 
bom to them: Peter, bom April 28, 1847; Mary J., born September 24, 1848, and 
Martha A., bom August 28, 1850. Like many others, Mr. Berkey went to Cali- 
fornia in 1850, to search for gold, and with a party from his neighborhood crossed 
the plains with teams. They were six months on the way, and Mr. Berkey remained 
there about eighteen months, meeting with good returns. Mr. and Mrs. Berkey are 
members of the Baptist Church, and he has assisted with his means to support his 
church and in building the Dunkard Church in his township. His son, Peter, 
married Miss Lydia Stutzman and is the father of ten children. He is a substantial 
farmer near St. Paul, Minn. Mary J. married James Riley, of Goshen, Ind., agri- 
cultural implement business, and they have three children. Martha A. married 
Henry C. Dewey, of Goshen, and they have five children. 

JoNATHA^f R. M.iTHEB. The family of which the subject of this sketch is a 
representative, is one of the oldest and best known in this country; and, unlike the 
majority of American families, they have carefully preserved their history which is 
recorded and published in book form. The progenitor in this country was the Rev. 
Richard Mather, bom in 1596 in Lancashire, England; he was an Episcopal minis- 
ter, but was silenced as an unconformist. He immigrated to the colonies in 1635, 
landing at Boston, August 17, where he became pastor of the Old North Church. 
After his death he was succeeded in his pastorate by h<s son, the Rev. Increase 
Mather, and he, in turn, by his son, the Rev. Cotton Mather. These were men far 



176 PICTORIAL AND BIOGBAPHICAL 

above the average in point of intelligence and learning; were well-known in New 
England States, and were famous for their piety and their valuable contributions 
to the church and general literature of the day. Kev. Increase Mather was dele- 
gated by the colony of Massachusetts to goto England for the purpose of procuring 
a new charter. He was invited to dine with the reigning Queen, a courtesy rarely 
accorded, and so successfully did he perform his mission that upon his return a 
meeting for rejoicing and thanksgiving was held. Kev. Cotton Mather became 
noted in history during the witchcraft period and his name became almost as 
familiar as a household word. Rev. Richard Mather was the father of six sons, 
two of them returning to England, one became preacher to the lord mayor of Lon- 
don and the other preacher to the lord mayor of Dublin. The other four sons 
were preachers also. The heads of families, in a direct line of descent from Rev. 
Richard Mather to and including the immediate subject of this memoir, are as fol- 
lows: Timothy, Dr. Samuel, Rev. Nathaniel, Increase, Nathaniel, Saninel, Jona- 
than and Jonathan R. The name of Increase is a common one with the Mathers 
and was originally obtained because of the rapid increase and growth of the colony 
of Massachusetts, and one of this name was for a long time president of Harvard 
College. Members of the family have been noted as ministers, and their names are 
found as efficient soldiers and officers in the Revolutionary war, the War of 1812, 
the war with Mexico and the war of secession, and many have achieved fame in let- 
ters and as authors of note. Jonathan Mather was a farmer of Orange county, N. 
Y. ; was prominently identified there in local matters, and for a wife wedded Anna 
Bishop, who bore him ten children, eight of whom grew to maturity, and only one 
of whom is now living. This one is Jonathan R. Mather, of Elkhart, Ind. The 
father came to Elkhart county in 1860 and died in December of the same year. One 
of his sons, David B. , settled at Middlebury, in 1837, was a farmer and a famous 
auctioneer, and was sheriff of the county. Another son, Joseph, came to the county 
in 1842 when seventeen years old, read law and was admitted to practice when 
nineteen; was elected prosecuting attorney at twenty-one, was a member of the 
State Constitutional Convention of 1852 andat the time of his death in 1859 was judge 
of this judicial district. Jonathan R. Mather was bom May 25, 1821, in Orange 
county, N. Y., and resided there until 1856. He secured but a common-school edu- 
cation, was reared on the farm, and January 13, 18-19, was united in marriage with 
Miss Jane, daughter of James D. and Naomi Swortwout. In 1846, and again in 
1858, he visited Elkhart county, and in 1859 moved to a farm two miles east of 
Elkhart, where he turned his attention to agricultural pursuits. After about seven 
years' stay there he sold his farm at an increased price, reinvested his means in land, 
moved to the city of Elkhart and has since made this his home. In 1853, owing to 
unfortunate circumstances, having been burned out, Mr. Mather was §5,000 in debt. 
His determination to meet all just debts and make life an honor has been crowned 
with success in every sense of the word and he has the satisfaction of knowing that 
this state' of things has been brought about entirely through his own exertions. 
Mr. Mather has been active in promoting the best interests of his community. He 
was instrumental in procuring the grounds upon which the shops of the Lake Shore 
& Michigan Southern Railway were built. He is a Republican, has served in various 
local positions of trust, but prefers coniining his attention to his varied business 
interests to that of an official career. He and his wife belong to the Presbyterian 
Church and are the parents of four children: Sarah (born May 18, 1853, wedded 
Edward Fieldhouse, who died in 1873; remarried toT. J. Woodward and died April 
10, 1886; James S. (born August 31, 1855, maiTied Mary F. Shook, who has borne 
him four children — John R. , Le Roy S., Harry C. and James Increase— and resides 
in Elkhart); Carrie Naomi (married Edward E. Beckly, by whom she has one 
daughter — Winona Jane — and resides in Elkhart), and John Coe, who died in 
infancy. Jonathan R. Mather is one of Elkhart county's best citizens. 

W. G. Miller, of Millersburg, Ind., farmer. The occupation of farming is one 



MEMOIRS OF IlfDIAJfA. 177 

that has received attention from the earliest ages, and it is not to be wondered at 
that it has become the art that it is at the present time. Among those who have 
shown a satisfactory knowledge of this calling, and whose operations were conducted 
in a very progressive manner may be mentioned W. C. Miller, who ia the owner of 
a valuable farm in Center township. Like so many of the settlers in this section of 
the country, he comes of Pennsylvania Dutch stock, his ancestors having settled in 
Lancaster county of that State during the colonial days of this country. Abraham 
Miller, the father of W. C. Miller, was bom in Lancaster county, and in the State 
of his birth he was married to Miss Nancy Lichty, by whom he became the father 
of six children: Henry, Barbara, William C. , Sarah, Fannie and Anna, all of whom 
were born in the same county as himself. In 1830 he removed with his family to 
Montgomery county, Ohio, but for a long time thereafter found it very hard to pro- 
vide the necessary comforts for his family, as he was in poor circumstances, and 
wages were very low. Many were the days that he worked at threshing with a flail 
for 37J cents a day, but he was very industrious and pushing and managed to pro- 
vide very well for his children, and to give them the advantages of the common 
schools, at least during the winter months. In 1389 he took up his residence in 
Center township, Elkhart county, Ind., where he entered forty acres of wild land in 
the western part of the township. This land he cleared with the help of his son, 
William C, and by economy and thrift secured enough means to purchase forty 
acres more adjoining this, which he also cleared, and at a later period he purchased 
another forty acres of La Grange county timber land, all of which made him a good 
and comfortable home. Mr. Miller was a member of the Dunkard Church, while 
his wife was in sympathy with the German Reformed Church. He was a strong 
Democrat politically, and although a man of little education, he possessed a natu- 
rally fine mind, had sound and practical views on all subjects, and was respected by 
those who had the pleasure of his acquaintance as a man of honesty and upright 
character. He lived to be over seventy-five years of age. William C. Miller was 
born in Lancaster county, Penn. , in 1823, and although his early advantages were 
not of the best, he managed to learn to read and write. At that time educational 
advantages were not so fully appreciated as at this day, and the facilities for 
obtaining them were by no means what they are now. He did not have the opportu- 
nities to make up, in some degree, for this misfortune, owing to the fact that his 
youth and early manhood were wholly absorbed in the conflicts and rough experi- 
ences that mark the life of the first settlers of a new country. Yet sound sense and 
discriminating judgment were not lacking, and every opportunity that presented 
itself he grasped at, and thus, in time, became a well-informed and intelligent man. 
He became a resident of Ohio at the age of seven years, and of Indiana when seven- 
teen years of age, and during this time was reared to the life of a farmer, which 
occupation still continued to receive his attention after he had started out in life for 
himself. He was married to Catherine, daughter of Jacob and Mary (Arnold) 
Beckner, the former of whom was born in Rockingham county, Va. , and became a 
resident of Center township, Elkhart Co., Ind., about 1835, bringing with him 
his family, which consisted of his wife and following children: Elizabeth, Catherine, 
Eliza, Martin, William, Jacob, Samuel, Eli, Mary, Margaret, Sally and Susana. Mr. 
Beckner settled in the timber in the center of his township, where he made a good 
farm of 160 acres, and on which he resided the remainder of his days, dying at the 
age of about eighty-five years. He and his wife were members of the Dunkard 
Church, and he held the position of trustee and school director. He was an upright 
and honorable pioneer citizen, and had a wide circle of friends. After his marriage 
Mr. Miller settled in the vicinity of his present farm on forty acres of land, which 
he cleared from timber with his own hands. He became the owner of his present 
farm, which consists of 200 acres, but at the time of his purchase it was heavily 
covered with timber. Mr. Miller wielded bis ax to a good purpose, and in time had 
his land entirely cleared from timber. By industry and thrift he gradually paid for 



178 PICTORIAL AJS'D BIOGRAPHICAL 

this land, and now owns 260 acres, well improved, and with no claim against it. 
He has always been hard working and industrious, and has obtained a competency 
which he now thoroughly enjoys. To himself and wife the following children have 
been born: Mary A. (deceased), was married and left five children; Martin; Fannie; 
Elizabeth, who died in infancy; Margaret; Aaron, and Jacob. The mother of these 
children died in Novembei", 1858, and on March 25, 1860, Mr. Miller took for his 
second wife Mrs. Elizabeth King, whose maiden name was Burns, and by her Mr. 
Miller became the father of six children: Abraham, Andrew, Ellen, Lydia, Harvey, 
who attended the Normal College of Terre Haute, Ind., and is now a successful 
school teacher, and John. Mr. Miller's second wife had one small child when he 
married her, named Mahala King, whom he brought up as his own, and who is now 
married to Jonas Horn, a farmer of this township. Mr. Miller is a stanch Democrat 
in politics, is highly respected in the community in which he resides, and has held 
a number of minor offices in his township. He and his first wife were Dunkards, as 
is his present wife, and he has assisted liberally with his means to build the Dunkard 
Church in his township. Mr. Miller is considered a desirable acquisition to the 
section in which he resides, and his reputation for integrity is all that could be 
desired. He is essentially a self-made man, and his fine property has been acquired 
through his own efforts and at the expense of no one. 

Beakdsley Family. No name is more familiarly known in Elkhart county than 
that of Beardsley, and it is so thoroughly interwoven with its history that a work of 
this character would be incomplete without frequent reference to some member of 
the family. Dr. Havilah Beardsley was the pioneer and the first white owner of the 
land on which the city of Elkhart is now located. A native of New Fairfield, Conn., 
and of Welsh ancestry, his birth occurred April 1, 1795, being the fifth son of Elijah 
and Sally (Hubbell) Beardsley. He removed with his parents, at a very early day, 
to Ohio, and, when yet a boy, was a volunteer in the War of 1812 against Great Brit- 
ain. When twenty-one years of age he began the study of medicine at Urbana, and 
subsequently entered the medical department of the Transylvania University, which 
graduated him March 21, 1825. For several years he practiced his profession in 
Ohio, but the large practice proving both detrimental to health and uncongenial, he 
determined to abandon it. For these reasons he emigrated westward and having 
heard of the famous "St. Joseph Country" he drifted thitherward, and in 1830 
settled on the north bank of the St. Joseph Kiver and near the head of what is now 
Main street, in the city of Elkhart. Owing to the fact that no physicians were 
then in this countrv, it was impossible to turn a deaf ear to the calls of distress from 
his fellow-man, and his fame and practice extended more than fifty miles in every 
direction. Recognizing the vast advantages of water power at and near the conflu- 
ence of the St. Joseph and Elkhart Rivers, he purchased a large tract of land from 
the Indian chief, Pierre Morain, the transfer occurring in April, 1831. One year 
later the land was regularly plotted and the birth of Elkhart became an accom- 
plished fact. Erecting saw, oil, woolen and other mills. Dr. Beardsley put his 
whole energy into making the village a city. When the future of the place was an 
assured success, a rival claimant of the land by the name of Godfrey appeared, 
basing his claims on the ground that he had traded for the land prior to the time 
Dr. Beardsley had secured possession. Litigation followed, and as neither had 
patents from the Government, the title of the property was imperfect and for years 
the prosperity of the place was retarded. Upon Godfrey's failure he transferred 
his claim to his attorney at Detroit, and finally the suit was compromised by Dr. 
Beardsley transferring all right and title to the water power of the Elkhajt River and 
a tract of land contiguous thereto to his opponent, he retaining as his part all the 
remainder of the property under dispute. A man of limitless energy he was instru- 
mental in the establishment of all the early industries of the place. He was an old 
line Whig in politics, and while not a man of brilliant attainments, was possessed 
of more good sound sense than usually falls to the lot of man. While not a member 



ilEMOIKS OF INDIANA. 179 

of any religious denomination, he was, in all that is essential, a Christian, dying in 
1856 a believer in the Swedenborgian faith. His widow (formerly Rachel Calhoun) 
died in April, 1891, aged over ninety years. There were four sons and one daugh- 
ter born to these parents: Edwin, Charles, James Rufus, Richard and Frances. 
The daughter is the widow of Hon. B. L. Davenport, and resides in Elkhart. Edwin 
resides in Illinois. Charles died at Elkhart leaving a widow (since remarried) and one 
son. Richard was in the United States navy daring the Rebellion; his health failing 
by reason of his arduous duties, was appointed United States Consul at Jerusalem 
and subsequently Consul-General to Egypt where he died. J. R. Beardsley is the 
only male representative of his father's family now living in Elkhart. When nine 
months old his parents came to this place and he has never known any other home 
than Elkhart. After securing a fair education of the practical order from the 
common schools, he assisted his father in his various manufacturing enterprises, 
and manufacturing has been his principal employment. For a time he was presi- 
dent of the First National Bank and is at the present time a director in the same. 
He is the owner of a paper mill, the half owner of a flouring mill and a stock- 
owner in a starch factory at the present time. J. R. Beardsley is a Republican 
in politics, and in that, as in all other matters, is of that positive, vigorous and 
robust type of manhood that insures success in most matters undertaken. He 
was the city's second mayor, and besides having filled various other positions of 
local honor and trust, was twice elected to represent his county in the Senate of the 
State, first in 1866 and again four years later. On Christmas day, 1873, he was 
united in marriage with Miss Susan Ray, the daughter of Martin M. Ray, one 
of the foremost lawyers of Indianapolis, and to their union have been born three 
children: Ray, Wallace and Ellen. 

Jacob D. Scheock. This gentleman is regarded as one of the most enterprising 
pioneers of his district, and it is a pleasure to chronicle here the events that mark 
his life as one of usefulness. Material wealth must not exclude the riches of char- 
acter and ability in recounting the virtues which have been brought to this 
country by its citizens, and among its most precious treasures must be estimated the 
lives of those citizens who have by their intelligence and their eminence in the 
higher walks of life, assisted in raising the standard of life and thought in the com- 
munities in which they have settled. No one has probably done more in this line 
than Mr. Schrock, who is descended from Pennsylvania Dutch stock, his grandfather 
having come to this country from Germany, settling in Mifflin county, Penn., with 
his family, where he made his home for a number of years. He then took up his 
abode in Holmes county, Ohio, at which time it was a wilderness of woods inhabited 
by the red man and hosts of wild animals. He entered a farm of 160 acres which, 
by hard work, he managed to clear of timber and brush and convert into a fertile 
farm, where he and his family lived in comfort. He lived to be quite aged, and on 
the farm where the greater part of his life was spent, he was called to his long home 
and is sleeping his last sleep near Carlisle, Ohio. He was a member of the Amish 
Mennonite Church, was a Christian by both precept and example, was kind and con- 
siderate in his family and, contrary to the custom of his day, "spared the rod," but 
his children were by no means "spoiled'' by such treatment. He was very upright 
in his walk through life, and consequently universal respect was accorded him. His 
son David, the father of the subject of this sketch, first saw the light of day in Mifflin 
county, Penn., and on his father's farm in that State he resided until he was about 
eighteen years of age, at which time he went with his parents to Ohio, in which State 
he afterward married Margaret, daughter of John Bonitrager, a farmer and wheel- 
wright, located on the line between Holmes and Tuscarawas counties. He lived to 
the advanced age of eighty-nine years, having come of hardy German stock. To 
Mr. and Mrs. David Schrock five children were given, who lived to attain mature 
years: John, Mary, Jacob D., Daniel and Elias. After his marriage Mr. Schrock 
located on 160 acres of land near Shawsville, Ohio, of which section he was one of 



180 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

the pioneers, and by the exercise of both brain and brawn he succeeded in clearing 
it and putting it in a good state of cultivation. He was very industrious, pushing 
and intelligent, and at one time was the owner of 320 acres of land, on which he 
erected a saw and carding-mill. He was a far seeing, shrewd, and intelligent man 
of business, decidedly practical instead of theoretical, and every opportunity for bet- 
tering his financial condition was grasped at, but his operations were never conducted 
at the expense of others. In 1841 he came with his family to Indiana, and in Clin- 
ton township, Elkhart county, he purchased a tract of land comprising 260 acres, 
and as it was heavily covered with timber, he also bought a saw-mill and disposed 
of his timber by sawing it into boards and selling it. He showed good judgment in 
the conduct of his affairs, and found his saw mill a paying eaterprise. After the 
death of Mrs. Schrock he married again, Melissa Ball becoming his wife. After a 
time he found the duties of the farm becoming rather irksome, and to escape there- 
from he took up his residence in Goshen, where he embarked in the lumber and 
grocery business, both of which proved disastrous financially, but like an honorable 
and upright man as he was, he paid his debts, dollar for dollar. He was influential 
and much respected, and he was at one time one of the commissioners of Elkhart 
county. Politically he was a Democrat. Jacob D. Schrock, his son, and the subject 
of this sketch, was bom on the old homestead in Holmes county, Ohio, December 15, 
1823, but in his youth received few advantages for obtaining an education, although 
he acquired some knowledge of both the German and English languages. His 
youthful days were devoted to wielding the hoe or following the plow, and he 
acquired a thorough knowledge of and liking for the calling of agriculture, becom- 
ing familiar with the duties of saw-milling also. He was eighteen years of age upon 
his arrfval in Indiana, and during the many years that he has resided in this State 
he has become thoroughly "Hoosierized." He started out to make his own way in 
the world at the age of eighteen years, and when he had attained his majority he 
purchased his father's saw-mill, which he successfully operated until 1853, when he 
bought his present farm of 206 acres, to which he has since added seventy acres. In 
1853 he began gun-smithing, and being a natural mechanic succeeded well in this 
business, his time being fully occupied with the enterprise. He did all kinds of 
repairing and made 700 new rifles and many single and double-barreled guns. He 
was married in Fairfield county, Ohio, January 7, 1849, to Miss Lydia Kenagy (or, 
as it was spelled originally, Kenaghe), born February 22, 1820, Rev. David Zook 
officiatinor, and their union has resulted in the birth of the following children: Sarah 
A., born November 8, 1847; Melinda, born May 3. 1850; Manassa, born February 
21, 1853; Eli, born May 12, 1857; Harvey Joseph, born April 1, 1862. Mrs. Schrock 
is a daughter of David and Rebecca (Hartgler) Kenagy, the former of whom was of 
German descent, a native of Dauphin county, Penn., who removed to Mifflin county, 
of the same State, with his father, Jacob Kenagy ; was married there and settled on 
a farm nine miles east of Lewistown, where he died at the age of seventy-seven years, 
havino' been a substantial and honored citizen. He became the father of twelve 
children, whose names are as follows: Absolom, Nancy, David, Solomon, Lydia, 
Jacob, Sarah, Eli, Jonathan, Mary, Christian and Elizabeth. He was an old-fash- 
ioned Amish Mennonite, whose word was as good as his bond. The great-grand- 
mother of Mrs. Schrock was Anna Lapp, the great-great-grandmother was Anna 
Rickbough and the great-great-great-grandmother was Anna Fayerlichty. Mr. and 
Mrs. Sohrock are members of the Amish Church and politically he is a Democrat. 
He has been a patron of education and has given his children good educational 
advantages, Henry J. 's education being obtained in a normal college. Sarah is the 
wife of Samuel F. UUery, by whom she has two children; Eli married Ada Whitmore; 
Manassa married Ella Hazel, by whom he has two children; Harvey J. married Mil- 
lie Hazel. Mr. Schrock and his faithful wife have always been very industrious and 
are considered among the foremost citizens of the county. 

Norman Becklet, whose name and fame are so familiar in railroad circles, and 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 181 

who has been so prominently connected with the welfare of the city of Elkhart, was 
born at Barry, Vt., April 15, 1823, being the eldest in a family of three sons and two 
daughters born to the marriage of Samuel Beckley and Roxana Colby. Zebedee 
Beckley, his grandfather, was said to have been of Scotch-Irish ancestry and was a 
soldier in the war of the Revolution and also the War of 1812. With but few excep- 
tions the family have been a race of farmers, and were particularly noted for their 
magnificent physical development. A peculiar characteristic trait is a positive tem- 
perament, a strict adherence to friendship and morality, and for generations con- 
nected with the Methodist Episcopal Church. Norman Beckley was reared upon 
his father's farm in Vermont, and while his opportunities were of a limited 
nature, his boast was that he could not be excelled in his books or in anything he 
would undertake. Daring the winter season, and sometimes during the fall, he 
was enabled to attend select schools and at the age of fourteen years accomplished a 
man's work in the field. When eighteen years of age he began teaching district 
school during the winters, and from the proceeds of his labor defrayed the expense 
of one term's tuition at the academy in Montpelier and two terms at Newberry Sem- 
inary, during which time he boarded himself. Practically he began for himself at 
fourteen years of age; in fact, since that time he has never failed in accomplish- 
ing a man's work. It was this time he worked for the then remunerative wages of 
$9 per month. On attaining his majority he started South for the purpose of find- 
ing employment as a teacher, but owing to ill health, caused by the heat, and the 
Catholic riots of that time, he was compelled to remain in Philadelphia for a time, 
and from there changed his course to the great West. Staging for three days through 
swamps and over hills to Chicago from Marshall, Mich. , he there found employment 
in a lumber office in the growing young city, but owing to chills, fever and ague, so 
prevalent then, he was compelled to relinquish his position and return to the East. 
Arriving in Vermont, he worked one month getting out stone and building culverts 
for the Vermont Central Railway, after which he was foreman of a construction force 
two years. Immediately after the road was built he became paymaster of the con- 
tractor who was building the second track of the Fitchburg Railroad, then became 
section foreman of a division of the Vermont Central Railway. Then his appoint- 
ment as roadmaster of the Montpelier- Burlington division occurred, and after serv- 
ing as such for a time was transferred to the same position, and on the same road, 
of the Vermont-Canada division. In 1858 Mr. Beckley came West and became 
roadmaster of the Chicago division of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Rail- 
way, with headquarters at LaPorte, which position he retained three' years, but 
resigned to accept the superintendency of the Sycamore, Conrtland & Chicago Rail- 
way, now a part of the Northwestern system. For thirteen years he served in this 
capacity, but in 1874 became Michigan division superintendent of the Lake Shore & 
Michigan Southern Railway, with headquarters at Elkhart, Ind. In 1878 he resigned 
this position to become general manager of the Cincinnati, Wabash & Michigan 
Railway. At this time the road was in about as bad condition as was possible for it 
to get. The stock bad practically no market value whatever. It was 110 miles 
in length, unfenced, much of the right-of-way was unpaid for, numerous suits for 
damages were pending, the road bed, equipped with iron rails, was in so bad shape 
as to render life unsafe in traveling over it, and the only rolling stock owned by the 
corporation was one solitary engine. It was under such discouraging circum- 
stances that Mr. Beckley assumed management. Through his personal efforts, and 
in time, the pentling suits were all compromised, the right-of-way perfected, ninety- 
five miles of additional road was built, steel rails replaced the iron ones, the 
road became fenced, the road bed leveled and placed on a substantial foundation, 
the entire system became equipped with the best rolling stock and motor power 
and the stock possessed the market value of one hundred cents on the dollar. 
To Mr. Beckley alone belongs the credit of this wonderfully successful feat of rail- 
road managing. From a road on the verge of bankruptcy and without credit, he 



183 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

produced for his employers a road as weO equipped as any in the State and whoso 
stock value was at par. His experience with this road was practically his experi- 
ence with the Sycamore, Courtland & Chicago road. His method was one of 
unswerving honesty, careful contracts, strict business economy and keeping in his 
employment only men of good morals and sobriety. A severe disciplinarian, he was 
also lenient when the occasion warranted. Through his influence gambling, drink- 
ing and kindred evils were much restricted in the city, and many a young man who 
had been in the habit of spending his earnings in fast living, was induced to lay it 
aside to be invested in a home. Many a home has thus been made in Elkhart, 
and many wives and mothers to-day look upon Mr. Beckley as procurer of their 
homes and happiness. Owing to failing health Mr. Beckley resigned his position 
as general manager, but until April, 1892, assumed in the less active position of treas- 
urer of the company. October 2, 1848, occurred his marriage with Miss Roeette, 
daughter ot Reuben and Abagail (Goodwin) Wills, who were Vermont people and of 
Scotch ancestry. To their marriage three children have been bom: Emma E. (Mrs. 
M. H. Westlake), Edgar H. and Edward E. A Republican in politics, Mr. Beckley 
was nominated for mayor of Elkhart in 1884 and was duly elected. From his 
mother, when a boy, the principles of Christianity and morality were thoroughly 
instilled into his mind and for many years he and wife have been members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. He was elected a delegate to the Northern Indi- 
ana Conference in April, 1892, and by that body was elected a delegate to the Gen- 
eral Conference at Omaha in May, 1892. 

Cassius M. Immel, Millersburg, Ind. It was during the colonial history of this 
country that the Inmel family tree took root on American soil, the members of which 
braved the dangers and hardships of life in a wild and unsettled country that they 
and those that might come after them could have a home free of the degrading influ- 
ence of religions persecution. The grandfather of the subject of this sketch was 
born on the soil of Pennsylvania, and inherited many of the most commendable 
attributes of his sturdy English ancestors. He was a participant in the War of 1812. 
and in that struggle showed himself to be brave and loyal to the core to America. 
His son, Isaiah, was born on the home farm in Pennsylvania, and like a dutiful son, 
cheerfully assisted his father in the duties of the farm. Although his early advan- 
tages were limited, he possessed an active and original mind, and he was not con- 
tent with merely securing the advantages which the common schools afforded, and 
as he was very fond of reading he greatly added to his store of learning, and by 
self -application became an exceptionally well informed man. When a young man 
he removed to Ohio, and in the city of Chillicothe he was united in the bonds of mat- 
rimony to Miss Rosina Jones, soon after which event he removed to the " Hoosier 
State '' and settled at Waterford Mills, Elkhart county, where he at once began 
working at the blacksmith's trade and also engaged in the manufacture of pumps. 
He soon became associated with W. D. Platter, now of Goshen, Ind., in the conduct of 
the first pump factory in northern Indiana. Realizing the fact that the soil of In- 
diana was exceptionally fertile and well adapted to the raisingof agricultural products, 
he, in 1 865, made a purchase of some land in Clinton township, and there, through per- 
sistent effort, he cleared and improved a good farm. His marriage resulted in the 
birth of ten children, whose names are as follows: Isabel A., Winfield P., Charlie 
A., Edwin C, Isaiah P., Marietta, Cassius M., Charles E. . Frank M. and Ulysses 
S. After the death of the mother of these children Mr. Inmel married again, taking 
for his second wife Miss Mary Barger. He has always been a stanch supporter of 
Republican principles, his judgment has always been recognized and for a period of 
twenty years he adjusted his neighbors' diflScuIties with impartial fairness in the 
capacity of justice of the peace. At one time he was a resident of Millersburg for 
four years, and during this time he held the positions of trustee and marshal. He 
is a man whose reputation is untarnished, and in the capacity of an American citizen 
he is a model in every respect, for he is enterprising, public spirited and patriotic. 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 185 

He 3taDds high in the section in which he resides, for his many acts of disinterested 
generosity have brought him into high favor with his neighbors. He has alwavs 
recognized the benefits to be derived from a good education, and in this respect he 
has fitted his children for the battle of life. Cassius M. Inmel, his son, was bora 
at Waterford Mills, January 12, 1862, and like the majority of farmers' boys, his 
youthful days were divided between attending the district schools in the vicinity 
of his rural home and in wielding the hoe on the home farm. At the age of eight- 
een he left the shelter of the parental roof and began working in the factory of E. 
W. Walker, of Goshen, in 1879, where he remained a few months, then spent six 
weeks in the public schools of the town. He was then taken quite sick and was 
compelled to return home. In December of the following year, after fully recov- 
ering, he entered the Normal College of Valparaiso, Ind., but after three month's 
attendance was again taken ill. He was carefully nursed by his parents at his old 
home, and when convalescent he once more entered the employ of Mr. Walker, with 
whom he remained for some time. Following this he again began attending school 
at Valparaiso, his vacations being devoted to the occupation of teaching in order to 
obtain means with which to defray his expenses while pursuing his studies. In 
1884 he graduated from the Valparaiso Normal College and being a very fine pen- 
man, he began teaching that science and has since followed it very successfully at 
Goshen, under the name of Vernon & Inmel Commercial Institute, during which 
time many young men were fitted to fill important positions in life. He has also 
followed his calling at Nappanee, Millersburg, New Paris and Milford, and has won a 
reputation of the most favorable kind for thoroughness and ability. In 1885 he set- 
tled down in Millersburg and began devoting his attention to the general insurance 
business, representing especially the Home Fire Insurance Company, of which he is 
a special department agent for six counties, having about twenty-three agents under 
his control. He has a one-half interest in the firm of Inmel, Keen & Rodgers, 
which business he established, and he is doing a general office business, is a notary 
public and attends to the settling of estates as an administrator. He wooed and 
won for his wife Miss Minerva Prickett, their union being consummated September 
23, 1883, at Goshen, Ind. His wife is a daughter of Nimrod and Anna (Ott) 
Prickett, the former of whom is an old and honored resident of the county and is in 
the insurance business at Goshen, his father being one of the very earliest pioneers 
of this section. To Mr. and Mrs. Inmel two children have been born: Lois C. and 
Ralph W. Mrs. Inmel is a lady of much intelligence and is an earnest member of 
the Christian Church. Mr. Inmel is a Republican politically and has always mani- 
fested much interest in the cause of education; and, in the capacity of a member of 
the board of education of Millersburg his work was most praiseworthy. Socially 
he is a member of the honored order of the K. of P. He is a young man who occu- 
pies a prominent position in the estimation of those who know him, for his record has 
been remarkably clean and his course through life manly and straightforward. He 
is a very agreeable gentleman to meet, either socially or in a business way and is in 
every sense of the word a self-made man. He has made his own way in life from 
a boy, and is an example of what a young man can accomplish who pursues a correct 
course in life. 

Byron E. Merritt (deceased) was a progressive and useful citizen of Elkhart 
county, Ind., and his untimely death was deplored not only by his immediate and 
sorrowing household, but by all who knew him either personally or by reputation. 
His birth occurred at Porter, Cass Co.. Mich., May 24, 1851, he being next to 
the youngest in the family of the late William R. and Adelia T. Merritt. He 
received the usual schooling of the boy of his period, that is, he attended the 
district schools, and after remaining at home until 1873 he went to Kansas and 
entered the employ of his brother James. After a very short time, however, he 
returned home at the request of his father, and in the spring of 1874 entered into 
co-partnership with him in the mercantile business in Bristol. Here he remained 



186 PICTORIAL AITD BIOGRAPHICAL 

uutil the year 1881, whea he assumed the entire responsibilities of the business. It 
was during this period of active mercantile pursuits that he developed those 
remarkable qualities which gained him the well-earned reputation of the "successful 
merchant." He continued to prosper as a business man until failing health com- 
pelled him to resign his interests to the charge of his brother Charles in May, 
1888. He lingered with that dread disease, consumption, until December 17, 1890, 
when he succumbed to the inevitable and passed to his long home. He was a gentle- 
man both by instinct and training, and his walk through life was characterized by a 
desire to do right, in consequence of which he was highly regarded by all who had 
the pleasure of his acquaintance. He was sincere and earnest in his friendships, 
kind and considerate in his family, generous in his contributions to worthy causes, 
in fact, a model American citizen. It was only necessary to know, to admire and 
respect him, and as a pushing, successful business man, a keen and shrewd poli- 
tician, an exemplary citizen, a dutiful son or a devoted and ailectionate husband, he 
bad in every capacity won golden opinions for himself. On the 28th of February, 
1882, he was married to Miss Elnora, daughter of the late Joseph W. Lee, who has 
one son, Harry, an employe in the Elkhart National Bank. Mrs. Merritt was left 
in comfortable circumstances and is now a resident of Elkhart. She possesses the 
same kind heart and genial disposition, for which her husband was so well known, 
and has many warm and true friends to comfort and cheer her in her journey through 
life. 

Abraham Hoover. The founders of the family of Hoover, in America, were three 
brothers of the name who came from Germany during the second immigration to Penn- 
sylvania, in the time of William Penn. These brothers belonged to that religious sect 
kuown as the Mennonites, who were being persecuted in Germany on account of their 
belief, and they determined to take advantage of the most generous offers made by 
the great benefactor and law- giver, and finally sought a home in America. Two of these 
brothers reared families in America, but the other brother remained a bachelor. 
Henry Hoover, the grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was born in Lancaster 
county, Penn., near Strasburg; was married to Mary Newswanger, and became the 
father of six children: John, Christian, Abraham, Susan, Barbara and Elizabeth. 
Henry Hoover became a substantial farmer of York county, Penn., and was also 
a well-known minister of the Mennonite Church, in which capacity he did a 
great deal for the cause of Christianity. All measures of morality found in 
him a strong supporter, and he was universally respected wherever known. 
Abraham Hoover, his son, was bom on the old home farm in York county, 
in 1789, and although he unfortunately received no schooling, by his own efforts 
he learned to read and write during the spare moments that he could secure 
from his farm duties. He was married to Christina, daughter of Henry and Annie 
(Sander) Martin, and after their marriage settled on a farm from which he removed 
to Wayne county, Ohio, in 1832. After he had attained to an advanced age he 
removed to Indiana and located on a small farm in Clinton township, Elkhart county, 
on which the remainder of his days were spent, his death occurring at the age of 
seventy years. He became the father of seven children that grew to maturity: 
Henry; Mary, who died at the age of sixty-two years; Abraham; John; David, who 
died when fifty-six years old; Annie, who died when fifty-eight years of age, and 
Martin. Abraham Hoover was very industrious and pushing, and possessing sound 
judgment, he became a wealthy farmer of Ohio. Full of pluck, energy and perse- 
verance, from his early boyhood, he made his entree into the business world at a 
time when those qualities were worth more to their possessor, especially if he were 
a young man, than any other kind of capital. Although he accumulated a comfort- 
able competency, his fortune might have been much greater had not his strict integ- 
rity, his generosity and kindness of heart interfered. Abraham Hoover, Jr., his son, 
was bom March 9, 1822, in York county, Penn., but only attended the common 
schools near his home for a short period each year. His early life did not differ 



MEMOIRS OF INDTAJffA. 187 

materially from that of the average boy of his time, who was expected to contribute 
to his own support as soon as he became physically able to perform any kind of 
manual labor, and the most important part of whose education is supposed to be his 
industrial training. October 2, 1845, he led to the hymeneal altar Martha Garber, 
who was bom January 20, 1827, to Jacob and Esther (Rusch) Garber, the former of 
whom was a carpenter of Wayne county, Ohio. He and his wife became the parents 
of nine children: Mary, Fannie, Jacob, Abraham, Henry, Martha, David, Christian 
and Hester. Mr. Garber removed to Indiana after he had reached an advanced age 
and settled in Elkhart county, where he became known as an honorable man and a 
worthy member of the Mennonite Church. After his marriage, Mr. Hoover, in 1847 
bought a farm of 120 acres in Middlebury township, this county, on which he located, 
and which he cleared from the heavy timber that covered it, there having been but 
little improvement made at the time of his purchase. On this farm he resided for 
forty-two years, and here all his children were born except Henry, the eldest, who 
was bom in Wayne county, Ohio, February 16, 1847, the other members being 
Jacob, bom September 12, 1849; Elizabeth, December 15, 1851; Annie, October 24, 
1853; Fannie, December 2, 1855; Sarah, November 20, 1857; Christina, December 
25, 1859; Joseph, October 21, 1861; David, September 17, 1863, and Samuel, April 
19, 1868. Like his ancestors before him Mr. Hoover has been industrious, thrifty 
and progressive. He has made the most of every opportunity that presented itself 
for the accumulation of a competency, although never at the expense of others, and 
to his own good judgment and perseverance is attributable his present independent 
circumstances. He has been a minister of the Mennonite Church for the past twenty 
years, of which church his wife was also a worthy member; and as an expounder of 
the gospel he has been earnest, zealous and conscientious. He became a resident of 
Millersbnrg, where he now resides, in 1889, and besides his residence there owns 
forty acres of land and other property in farm mortgages. His wife died on Jan- 
nary 6, 1879, at the age of fifty-two years, and on November 9, 1884, he wedded Mrs. 
Mary (Grimer) Frederick, daughter of Philip Grimer. Mr. Hoover has always been 
a Democrat. His son, Heniy, married Mary Hutchinson, by whom he became the 
father of three children. He was filling the office of deputy county clerk at the time 
of his death, at the age of thirty-seven years. Jacob married Lucinda Wert, by 
whom he has one child. He is conducting a meat market in Millersbui-g. Eliza- 
beth married John Fletcher, who conducts a meat market in Elkhart, by whom she 
has four children. Annie married John Wert, who has a meat market in Millersbnrg, 
and is the mother of one child. Fannie married Adison Dohner, who was accident- 
ally killed in Kansas, by whom she has one child. Sarah married William Wert, a 
carpenter of Middlebury, and has one child. Christina married George Frederick, a 
grocer of Elkhart, and has three children. Joseph married Minnie Bums, and is a 
clerk in a bank at Oberlin, Kan. David married Harriet Kauffman, is a Methodist 
minister of Wichita, Kan., and has three children. Samuel who is single, has 
attended college at Quincy, 111., and is now a resident of Decatur, 111., teacher in a 
business college. These children are all honorable and useful citizens, and are a 
credit to the parents who reared them. 

D. Caepenter, proprietor of Carpenter's Transfer Line of Elkhart, Ind. , is a 
prosperous and pushing man of affairs, who has made his own way in life and is in the 
enjoyment of a competency that has been obtained through his own exertions. The 
town of Lancaster, Penn.. gave him birth on the 8th of September, 1852, his par- 
ents being Emanuel and Eebecca (Breckinridge) Carpenter, natives, respectively, of 
Lancaster, Penn. , and Kentucky, the latter being a relative of Gen. Breckinridge, 
who is well known in Southern history. Emanuel Carpenter was a skillful brick 
manufacturer and followed this calling at Naples, 111., whither he moved from Penn- 
sylvania, and during this time furnished brick for a number of Chicago houses. 
He became a resident of Elkhart, Ind., in 1860, and there he eventually passed from 
life, his widow still surviving him. They were the parents of seven children, two 



188 PICTORIAL AJfl) BIOGRAPHICAL 

sons and one daughter of whom are now living: Stephen, David and Mary. Emanuel 
Carpenter served in the Civil war as a teamster, having charge of the teams of the 
Forty-fourth Indiana Volunteers, was wounded in an engagement, and this eventu- 
ally caused his death. While the family was residing at Naples, 111. , although the sub- 
ject of this sketch was only about seven years of age, he hauled brick to Chicago with 
an ox team. The principal part of his education was acquired in the public schools 
of Elkhart, but at an early age he left school to engage in railroading on the Lake 
Shore & Michigan Southern Railroad, the first three years of his service being spent 
as a switchman. After the great Chicago fire he had charge of the sand trains 
from Whitings to Chicago for one year and seven months, after which he gave up 
railroad life and started the United States Express and transfer business in Elkhart, 
his first purchase to this end being an old white horse for which he paid $100 and 
which was, at that time, the sport of the town. During the twenty-two years that 
he has remained in the business he has built up a very extensive enterprise, now has six 
fine teams and the rickety one-horse wagon in which he first began doing his hauling 
has given place to handsome vehicles which do nearly all the transfer business of the 
city. He has been connected with the Opera House of Elkhart, and for two years 
was with the King & Franklin troupe, and for two years had charge of the Lloyd & 
Thomas Reptile Company. For one season of thirty-five weeks he was the manager 
of the Georgia Minstrels, in which capacity he showed himself most eflBcient, and 
is now stage manager of the New Bucklin Opera House, of Elkhart. He has shown 
more than ordinary aptitude for this work, but to whatever enterprise he has turned 
his attention he has shown himself to be shrewd, far-seeing and intelligent. He has 
always been possessed of much energy, and in the battte of life has made all his 
work count, although he has always been the soul of honor in all his business trans- 
actions. He was chief of the fire department of Elkhart for nine years, and for 
the past twelve years has been foreman of the hook and ladder company. In fact, 
he is an enterprising citizen and no worthy enterprise is started but what receives his 
hearty support. His present position has not been attained without severe and con- 
tinued struggling, which clearly shows the pluck and indomitable energy of the man. 
He belongs to the civic societies of the K. of P., the Foresters and the I. 0.0. F. , in 
each and all of which he is a leading and popular member. He was married to Miss 
Jennie Guard, who died in 1889, after a lingering illness of two years, her death being 
caused by a horse falling on her. She bore her husband three sons and one daughter: 
Walter, Harry, Joshua and Lottie M. Mr. Carpenter is one of the old landmarks 
of Elkhart, for at the time of his location here his residence was surrounded by 
woods, but is now almost within the heart of the city. His career is well worthy of 
emulation, for it shows what a poor boy can do, with plenty of that mysterious 
article called pluck, energy, perseverence and faithful attention to business and 
to the trusts that are reposed in him. 

William B. Donaldson. The man from Pennsylvania has always been a potential 
element in the civilization and development of Indiana, and in early days along the 
woodsman's trail came men of all avocations and in every degree of social life. No bet- 
ter blood ever infused pioneer life ; no sturdier arm ever set about the task of subduing 
the wilderness and no less vigorous mental activity could have raised a great common- 
wealth amid the unbroken elements of nature within the limits of half a century. 
The distinctive Americanism which Indiana has maintained almost co-equally with 
the older Eastern States, against an unparalleled tide of immigration from every 
nation upon the earth, is due to the virility of the pioneer stock in which the Key- 
stone State was so strongly represented. He, whose name heads this sketch, 
was born in Cannonsburg, Penn., August 12, 1843, but the founder of the family 
in America was John Donaldson, who was born in Earlstown, shire of Merse, Scot- 
land, March 17, 1784, with which section his family had been identified for many 
years. Upon coming to the New World he settled in Cannonsburg, Penn. . where 
he set himself energetically to work at the wheelwright's trade, a calling which 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 189 

received the greater part of his attention until his death, in 1831. He was the 
father of four children: William, Robert, Elizabeth and Mary. Kobert was born 
February 1, 1811, in Cannonsbnrg, and in the common schools of that place he 
acquired his knowledge of the world of books. He learned the trade of a brick- 
layer, to which occupation his attention was given until November 11, 1871, when 
he was called to his long home. November 14, 1835, he married Sarah Brown, 
who was born March 9, 1813, a daughter of John Brown, and to them were born 
eight sons and three daughters: Mary, September 28, 1836; John November 27, 
1838; Jane, May 14, 1841; Will ian B., August 12, 1843; Joseph, December 15, 1845; 
Robert, November 27, 1847; James, February 20, 1850; Franklin P., July 22, 1852; 
Sarah, June 30, 1855; George, April 6, 1858, and Henry, January 16, 1861, all of 
whom are living, married and have families. The mother of these children was a 
member of the Presbyterian Church, but the father was a Methodist. He was a 
Democrat politically, held the position of mayor of Cannonsbnrg, and socially 
belonged to the I. O. O. F. He was endowed by nature with such gifts as character- 
ize true manhood in all that the word implies, was a useful, thriving, industrious 
citizen, and showed by his example that an honest and upright life is the best 
guarantee of success. A Democrat politically, he was a strong Union man during 
the Civil war, and sent three sons to battle for country and right: John B., who 
was in a Pennsylvania regiment; Joseph B., who was also in that regiment, and 
William B. The last mentioned received a common-school education, and learned 
the trade of shoemaker. August 12, 1862, in response to a call from President 
Lincoln for 300,000 men, he enlisted in Company D, Tenth Regiment, P. R. V. C. 
He had attempted to enlist the previous year, but had been refused on account of his 
youth. He was in the Army of the Potomac, and was almost continually in active 
service for two years and ten months, or until the close of the war, taking part in 
the battles of South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg — when his division opened 
the fight under Gen. George G. Meade, and he was also in the great battles of 
Gettysburg, and the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, siege of Petersburg, and many 
battles and skirmishes of minor importance. He was wounded in the battle of 
Petersburg, August 19, 1864, in the left side, the ball striking a rib and passing 
around the body, coming out near the back bone. For one month thereafter he 
was in the Fairfax Seminary Hospital, and after again entering the service he was 
wounded a second time, October 2, 1864, before Petersburg, in the left thigh, and 
was in Lincoln Hospital, Washington, D. C, until the following spring, when he 
returned to his regiment and served until the war ended. He was faithful in the 
discharge of his duties, and no braver soldier ever trod the crimson turf of a Virginia 
battlefield. He returned home, bearing with him some honorable scars as an 
illustration of his loyalty and patriotism, and was married February 22, 1866, to 
Miss Annie Ferguson, a daughter of Thomas and Mary (Hiles) Ferguson, the former 
of whom was of Scotch descent, and an old settler and farmer of Washington 
county, Penn. To Mr. and Mrs. Donaldson one child was born: Luella S., whose 
advent into this world occurred November 24. 1866. Soon after the celebration of 
his nuptials, Mr. Donaldson moved with his family to Middlebury, Elkhart Co., 
Ind., where he resided until the spring of 1881, when he became a resident of 
Millersburg. In 1867 he began clerking for Christian Stutz, a prominent merchant, 
with whom he remained for thirteen years, after which he became a partner in a 
general store with Mr. Stutz, in Millersburg, of which he took charge in 1881, and 
which has proved a profitable enterprise. The Masonic fraternity has long num- 
bered Mr. Donaldson among its most worthy members, and he is a member of 
Randall Post, No. 320, of the G. A. R., in which he held the position of quarter- 
master three years. He is a Democrat in his political convictions, has been town 
clerk of Middlesbury three years, was a member the council one year, and in Mid- 
dlesbury has been town treasurer five years. He and his wife and daughter belong 
to the German Reformed Church, and under all circumstances he has been recognized 



190 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

as a public-spirited citizen, who could be relied upon to aid every worthy enterprise. 
His record as a soldier and citizen speaks for itself, and his many years of service 
for one firm shows his integrity to be untarnished. Of him it may be said, he is a 
model American citizen, and is in every way entitled to ' ' The grand old name of 
gentleman." 

Samuel Good (deceased). There is no inheritance so rich as the records of the 
worthy lives of those who have departed this life and who had human frailties, yet 
were so enabled to overcome them as to lead lives of usefulness, integrity and true 
godliness. Such a man was Samuel Good who was one of the pioneers of St. 
Joseph county, Ind. , but was bom in Virginia on October 2, 1794. The parents of 
Samuel were Virginians who owned a large plantation and had a large number of 
slaves. About 1800 they freed them all and removed to Champaign county, Ohio, 
and were among the first settlers in the vicinity of Urbana. Here the parents of 
Samuel resided until their death. The father was a succepsful farmer and acquired 
considerable property prior to his death. He was a soldier in the War of 1812. 
Samuel was quite small when his parents settled in Ohio and there he was reared, 
and October 12, 1818, was married to Hester Bussell, who was born September 2, 
1800, in Maryland, a daughter of Caleb and Lydia (Devore) Russell, who were 
pioneers of Champaign county, Ohio, from Maryland, the remainder of their days 
being spent in the Buckeye State. Caleb Russell was a farmer and an 1812 soldier, 
his death occvirring shortly after the termination of that conflict. After the mar- 
riage of Mr. and Mrs. Good they settled on a farm in Champaign county, but in 
the spring of 1830 they removed to Elkhart county, Ind., and settled on the St. 
Joseph River, near where the city of Goshen now stands, and near where an Indian 
village then stood. That summer was spent in camp life and they succeeded in 
raising a fair crop on the prairie near by. In the fall Mr. Good built a log cabin in 
which they passed the winter. Another crop was raised in 1831, but that fall the 
family came to St. Joseph county and took up their residence two miles south- 
west of South Bend where Mr. Good had entered 240 acres of land in 1830. He 
also entered 240 acres in Portage Prairie in German township where he afterward 
settled. Later he removed to South Bend and engaged in slaughtering and the 
sale of meat. He was a successful farmer and an active business man but was cut 
off in the prime of life, his death occurring October 21, 1836. His widow survived 
him many years, her death occurring at the home of her daughter on the old home- 
stead southwest of South Bend. Mr. and Mrs. Good were the parents of seven 
children: Marv J., who was born in Ohio, February 2, 1820, died November 24, 
1836; Lydia A., wife of Joshua D. Miller; William S. was born October 4, 1823, 
and when a young man went to California, in 1849, and engaged in mining and 
transportation business, at which he was very successful. In 1853 he returned to 
Indiana and purchased a large drove of horses, and while returning to California 
was taken sick in Carson Valley, Nev., and died on September 15, 1853, being 
buried there. Joseph was born September 22, 1825, and married Mary Estridge. 
He was a successful farmer of St. Joseph county and died in September, 1890; 
Martha E. was born October 7, 1828, and died November 21, 1836; Luoinda C. was 
born January 22, 1832, married Adam Konzen and resides in Portage township; 
Samuel G. was born January 26, 1836, in German township, was reared in his 
native county, principally in German township, where he resided most of his life. 
He was married November 21, 1871, to Minerva C. Stocker, who was born on May 
15, 1846, in German township, daughter of Peter and Mary (Adams) Stocker. 
After the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Good they settled on a farm in German town- 
ship, an occupation which Mr. Good still follows. He is one of the most successful 
and reliable farmers of the township and county, owning over 500 acres of land. 
In the spring of 1872 he located on a farm where he now resides, one-half mile 
north of the city limits of South Bend, consisting of 300 acres of land, on which 
is a fine residence and farm buildings of all descriptions. During his earlier years 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAJfA. 191 

Mr. Good was one of the first to go to Colorado, in 1859, where he spent two 
and one-half years engaged in transporting supplies, provisions, etc., from Denver 
to the mining districts, in which line of work he was remarkably successful. He 
was in Leadville during the early days of the mining excitement and had manv 
strange experiences. He took the first load of supplies from Denver to California 
Gulch in the spring of 1860, and the prices received for many articles seem almost 
incredible at the present day. He readily disposed of boots at $25 per pair, flour 
at $20 per sack and other articles in proportion. Returning from Denver to 
South Bend he made the trip by team in thirty-three days. Mr. and Mrs. Grood 
are the parents of two children, one of whom died in infancy. The one living is 
Mabel M., who was born April 21, 1875, and is being- educated at St. Mary's 
Academy. In politics Mr. Good is a Republican, and at all times supports his 
party's principles. He is one of the first citizens of the county and is deservedly 
popular with all classes. 

Dr. Jajies W. Jennings. For considerably over a score of years Dr. Jennings 
has been the faithful and efficient professional servant of the public, in a community 
which has become more and more attached to him as the years have rolled by, 
while in neighboring towns and cities his skill is recognized, his services are in 
demand, and his face has for many years been a familiar and welcome one. He 
comes of sturdy English stock, for from that country his grandfather, Gideon Jen- 
nings, came about the opening of the Revolutionary war, and in the struggle with 
the British Government for liberty, he aided the colonists, and was a participant in 
the famous battle of Brandywine. Although he could read and write the English 
language, his education was quite limited, but this did not prevent him from making 
a substantial citizen. He was married to Grace Dary, and after a short residence 
in Rockingham county, Va., he removed to Tuscarawas county, Ohio, where he 
entered and bought a large tract of land at what is now New Philadelphia. He was 
the very first settler of that region, at which time the timber was very heavy — prin- 
cipally large beech trees — and in order to raise any kind of a crop of corn, he was 
compelled to climb the trees and trim off the branches to let in the sunlight. The 
Indians at that time were very plentiful, and numerous were the encounters he had 
with them, but he was wary and watchful, thoroughly skilled in woodcraft, and 
when pursuing his labors about his place, he carried his trusty rifle strapped to his 
back, and was seldom, if ever, taken by surprise. His home was twenty mUes from 
any neighbor, but he soon became known as a famous hunter throughout that region, 
and lived on fish and game that fell victims to his rod and gun. Mr. Jennings 
made his home on that land for many years, cleared a good farm and became one of 
the prosperous farmers of Tuscarawas county. He built one mile of the Ohio State 
canal, which passed that distance through his farm, and in a very early day he 
built the first grist mill in his section of the country, which was a very primitive 
structure indeed. It consisted of a stone hollowed out, and the corn was pounded 
out with mortars. He became the father of nine children, seven of whom were sons: 
James, Aaron, William, John. Jonathan, Gideon, David, Polly and Druscilla. Mr. 
Jennings was an early Methodist, and his home was the headquarters tor the early 
itinerant ministers of that denomination who labored so zealously to spread the 
Gospel throughout the West. He assisted both with purse and influence to erect 
the early churches throughout that section, and being strong in his religious con- 
victions, he did a great deal to spread the Christian faith. After his family had 
grown up he again moved to the wilderness and this time took up his abode in Allen 
county, Ohio, and in 1832 purchased 1,100 acres of land three miles north of Lima, 
on Sugar Creek, where he once more carved him out a home from the forest. He 
gave each of his sons 160 acres of land, as well as his daughters, Druscilla, who 
married Silas Williams, receiving 160 acres of the old homestead. Polly married 
Benjamin Williams, a brother of Silas, and also received her just portion of her 
father' s property. Druscilla became the mother of Bishop Williams of the Meth- 



192 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

odist Church, who was present at the Qaadrennial Convention of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church held at Omaha, Neb., in 1892. Gideon Jennings lived to the 
a^e of four score years, dying on his farm August 28, 1843, and is now sleeping his 
last sleep in a cemetery which was laid out on his farm, his tombstone being the 
first that was brought to that part of Ohio. He was one of the ideal American 
pioneers — that class of people who paved the way to the present magnificent state 
of civilization — and possessed all the courage, fortitude and energy necessary for 
a successful life on the frontier. He was six feet in height, very strong and active, 
and his prominent traits of character were great determination, honest purpose and 
strict honor. David Jennings was his seventh son, and was born near New Phil- 
adelphia, Ohio, July 13, 1813, and acquired a partial knowledge of the three K's in 
an old time log school-house which had been built by his father on the home farm, 
and this institution of learning was presided over by a teacher who wore a buckskin. 
suit, consisting of a hunting shirt and leggins. In those days it was considered the 
proper thing for the teacher to treat the scholars, and this was generally done in 
whisky, or whisky and apples. In 1832 David Jennings married, in the same neigh- 
borhood where he was born, Elizabeth Laughlin, who was bom February 12, 1814, 
in Allegheny county, Penn., a daughter of James Laughlin, a pioneer farmer of 
Tuscarawas county, Ohio, a descendant of Scotch-Irish ancestors, and of an old 
colonial family. To their union ten children were given, all of whom lived to hon- 
orable manhood and womanhood: Susannah was born January 18, 1832; Solomon 
was born January 1, 1834; Abel B., April 13, 1836; James W., May 4, 1838; Isabel, 
March 4, 1840; Mary, June 27, 1842; Aaron, August 7, 1844; Druscilla, October 30, 
1846; Samuel, November 22, 1849; Charles W., January 1, 1853. Abel died in 
1868; Aaron in 1876; Samuel in 1870, and Charles W. in 1872. In 1833 David 
Jennings removed to Sugar Creek, near Lima, Ohio, settled on some land and 
cleared up a farm, although, like all pioneers, he had to labor early and late in 
order to clear his land of timber and brushwood. The forests were veiy dense in 
that section, and were roamed at will by deer, bear and wolves. On this farm David 
Jennings lived for many years, but in 1863 he moved to Williams county, Ohio, and 
bought a farm near Bryan, where he passed the remainder of the days allotted to 
him. Like his father, he was a man of imposing stature, standing six feet two 
inches in his stockings, and in his prime he was considered the strongest man on 
Sugar Creek. He was a faithful laborer, and was well known for bis integrity and 
honor. He was very faithful in his friendships, and his generous disposition and 
warm heart often led him into the error of signing bonds for his friends which he 
was compelled to pay, and in this way his wealth was very much decreased. He 
and his wife were devout members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and as a con- 
sistent Chri-stian he was very prominent in religious work. Politically, he grew up 
with the old line Whig party, but was one of the organizers of the Kepublican party 
in his county, and retained his connection with that organization during the 
remainder of his life. He lived to the age of sisty-six years, dying in Millersburg, 
Ind., in 1877, while visiting his son. Dr. Jennings. In all the relations of life his 
career was one to be studied with interest and emulated with profit, for under the 
adverse circumstances of pioneer life he secured a competency and reared his family 
in comfort. Energy, force of character, sterling integrity and deep piety were his 
distinguishing characteristics, and during the war he was a stanch supporter of the 
Union, and assisted with his means in raising men in his county for the Federal 
service. Dr. James W. Jennings, his son, was born on Sugar Creek, in Allen 
county, Ohio, May 4, 1838, and his earliest recollections are of assisting his father 
in the duties of the farm. In the district schools near- his home he acquired a 
thorough practical education, and at the early age of sixteen years he began teach- 
ing school, devoting the winter seasons to this calling for six years. He then 
entered Oberlin College, and finally the Cincinnati College of Medicine and Surgery, 
from which institution he was graduated. Succeeding this he continued to pursue 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 193 

his studies under Drs. Keakins of Pendleton, and Booth of West Cairo, Ohio, after 
which he practiced his profession in connection with his brother. Dr. Solomon Jen- 
nings, until 1869. He then opened an office at Millersburg, Ind., and has since 
pursued his profession with unvaried success, which could hardly be otherwise, as 
he has always been thoroughly in love with the profession, and regards it as a high 
and holy calling. He believes it to be the duty of the physician to cure the ills of 
mankind when called upon, if it lies within his power to do so, and in his own prac- 
tice no effort has been spared to attain that end, whatever the social or financial 
condition of the patient who seeks his service. The human body is to him a temple, 
with the architecture of which the physician should be thoroughly familiar, and 
which he is charged with the responsibility of keeping in order. To this work he 
has devoted himself with conscientious zeal, and when he is called into a family as 
physician, he becomes a sympathetic friend and counselor. He is a reader and 
patron of the best medical and surgical publications of the day, is a member of the 
Indiana State Medical Society, and is one of the oldest members of the Elkhart 
Medical Society. In 1863 he enlisted in Company C, Fifteenth Regiment Ohio 
National Guards, and was on duty at Forts De Russie, Simmons, Stevenson, and at 
Washington was present and under tire when Gen. Early made his raid on that city. 
He served two years. February 9, 1866, he was married in Defiance county, Ohio, 
to Samantha Fisher, who was born March 17, 1844, to Jesse and Nancy (Fowler) 
Fisher, the former of whom was born in Franklin county, Peun., of substantial 
Dutch stock, and was a soldier in the War of 1812. After a short residence in 
Franklin county, Penn., he removed to Wayne county, Ohio, where he was a 
pioneer, and made himself a good home. He was the father of twelve children: 
Conrad, John, Archie, Philip, Lucretia, Sallie, Nancy, James, Jennie, William, 
David and Samantha, all of whom lived to rear families. Later in life Mr. Fisher 
settled in Defiance county, Ohio, on uncleared land, where he made a good home. 
He died April 3, 1872, at the age of eighty-two years. His wife died April 30, 
1864. Both were earnest members of the Presbyterian Church. He was a Republican, 
politically, was a warm Union man during the war, and one of his sons, David, 
served three years in an Ohio regiment, his principal duty being to guard rebel 
prisoners on Johnson's Island. After his marriage. Dr. Jennings first practiced at 
West Milton, Ohio, but for many years past has been a resident of Millersburg, 
Ind. To him and his wife three children have been born: Eva D., born December 
24^1870; EffaMae, born September 27, 1872; and Charles W., bom October 27, 
1874. The Doctor is a member of the K. of P. Lodge, No. 328, is a charter mem- 
ber of the G. A. R., Randall Post, No. 320, of which he is surgeon, and politically is 
a Republican. His brother, Dr. Solomon Jennings, is practicing medicine near 
Dayton, Ohio, and is a distinguished surgeon. Another brother, Abel B., became 
an attorney, but died soon after being admitted to the bar. Aaron B., another 
brother, now deceased, was also an eminent physician. Two brothers-in-law, one 
S. B. Junkin, practices in North Webster, Ind., and Dr. C. J. Sprague, deceased, 
formerly practiced in Syracuse, Ind. 

Joshua D. Miller, South Bend, Ind. The earliest record of the Miller family at 
hand commences with the life of Jacob Miller, who was the grandfather of many of 
the well-known citizens of St.' Joseph county, who settled here during the earliest 
history of northern Indiana. Jacob Miller was born in Franklin county, Penn., in 
1735, his parents being natives of Germany. He united with the German Baptist 
Church early in life, in which he became a uoted minister in later years. When 
quite a young man he married and removed to Franklin county, Va. , where he 
reared a family of nine sons and three daughters. He labored in his ministe- 
rial capacity in that locality and built up a large church, which is standing to this 
day. In ISOO he took up his residence near Dayton, Ohio, on the west side of the 
Great Miami River, at which time the country was a dense forest, inhabited by nu- 
merous tribes of Indians. Elder Miller frequently visited them in their wigwams, 



194 PICTORIAL JJfD BIOGRAPHICAL 

sang and prayed with them, and his kind and friendly treatment led the savages 
to reverence and respect him and to offer him their protection under all circum- 
stances. They called him the "Good Man" the Great Spirit had sent them from 
the east. He reared a very exemplary family of children, some of whom became 
worthy ministers in the church. He died at his home in Ohio in 1815, at the age of 
eighty years, full of honors and mourned as a most devout Christian and able minis- 
ter of the gospel, leaving behind him a name and record of which his descendants 
may well feel proud. The sons and daughters of Elder Jacob Miller were: Isaac, 
who married Hannah Webb and lived in Greene county, Ohio; he was a soldier in the 
War of 1812, enlisting in 1813, and died while in the service of his country; Samuel 
died in Virginia, aged about twenty-five years; Daniel married a Miss Shideler, by 
whom he reared a large family, was a worthy minister of the German Baptist Church, 
and died in Iowa; Mary married Samuel Doost, lived in Ohio and had four sons: 
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and John, who were able ministers of the church, the first 
mentioned dying in Miami county, Ohio, in 1829 and the latter in the same county 
in 1875 at the age of eighty six years, having been a minister in the German Bap- 
tist Church for more than fifty years; Eve married a Mr. Moss and after his death 
became the wife of Joseph Kingery, residing in Preble county, Ohio; Anna married 
a Mr. Lybrook and lived in Union county, Ohio; John, the eldest son, married 
Phcebe McClure, after which he spent his life in Union county, Ind., where he died, 
having reared a large family of children. Jacob married Sarah Chapman, reared a 
family, and lived and died in Virginia. Aaron Miller, another son of Elder Jacob 
Miller, was born April 8, 1785, in Virginia, and moved to Ohio with his parents in 
the year 1800. He married Elizabeth Hardman December 1, 1805, and reared a 
family of seven sons and four daughters. In 1818 they moved to Wayne county, 
Ind., and in 1829 came to South Bend when it was only a trading post, with A. Co- 
quillard and L. M. Taylor as traders. Mr. Miller settled on the banks of the St. Jo- 
seph River, four miles north of South Bend, in the spring of 1831. He was one of 
the first ministers of the gospel to preach in this county, and the eleven children 
which he reared were all brought up in the faith of the German Baptist Church. 
David, the eldest, was a gifted minister of the gospel. He reared a large family 
and died at the age of seventy-two years. Benjamin also reared a family and re- 
moved to California during the early history of that State. Solomon lived for many 
years in South Bend, was a merchant for several years, and held the office of county 
treasurer acceptably. He died many years ago leaving a family. Isaac was mar- 
ried and reared a family. He was in the mercantile business with his brother Solo- 
mon, but when the Rebellion opened he showed bis patriotism by at once enlisting in 
the Union army, and lost his life while serving his county, his death occurring in 
the South. Joshua B. came to St. Joseph county in an early day, and still resides 
in South Bend. John married, reared a family, and moved to northwestern 
Iowa. Aaron, the youngest son, married and moved to Kansas when that State was in 
its infancy. He was married to EvaUne Roe, and eight children were born of this 
union. He died in Lyon county, Kaa., in 1892. having lived an exemplary life. 
AU the daughters married and reared families, moved West, and one resided in Ore- 
gon for several years and died at the age of eighty-two years. Tobias, Abraham and 
David, also sons of Elder Jacob Miller, are mentioned at length elsewhere in this vol- 
ume. Joshua D. Miller was born in Montgomery county, Ohio, January 25, 1818, 
son of Aaron and Elizabeth (Hardman) Miller. In the spring of 1818 the family re- 
moved to Wavne county, Ind., and settled on a farm near Richmond. Here he made 
his home until about thirteen years of age, attending the old-time subscription schools 
which were held in log school-houses during the winter months until he reached man- 
hood. In the spring of 1831 he came with his parents to St. Joseph county, settling 
on the river in German township, four miles north of South Bend. He witnessed the 
transformation of a wilderness into a cultivated, improved country, dotted with rich 
and finely-cultivated farms and densely- populated districts. In 1845 he removed to 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 196 

Miami county, Ohio, and spent three years working at the carpenter's trade in the vi- 
cinity of Troy. Upon returning to St. Joseph county he followed carpentering for 
about twentyfive years, and many of the fine residences and bams of the snrronnding 
country attest his taste and skill as a mechanic. He was married in September, 1849, 
to Lydia A. Good, bom October 22, 1821, a daughter of Samuel and Hester (Russell) 
Good. After the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Miller they resided in South Bend for 
two years and then settled on a farm in German township which consisted of 160 acres 
of land, which Mr. Miller brought under a high state of cultivation and made 
some valuable improvements thereon. Retiring from active business pursuits, he dis- 
posed of his property in 1878 and located in South Bend, where he still resides and 
where he owns valuable residence property. While a resident of German township 
he discharged the duties of township assessor for fourteen years, and also held the of- 
fice of trustee and other positions of honor. In 1846 Mr. Miller became a member of 
the I. O. O. F., and has represented his camp at the Grand Lodge on three differ- 
ent occasions. ^ He has also held all the official positions in the subordinate lodge 
and camp. He is a member of the Rebecca degree. He belongs to the Universal- 
ist Church and in politics is a Republican, having voted that ticket ever since the 
organization of the party, having previously been a Whig. Mr. and Mi-s. Miller are 
the parents of seven children: Paulina, Alice and Clara (twins), Martha, William 
G. , Mary and Hester. Three of these children died in childhood of diphtheria, and 
the rest grew to maturity but have since died. 

Abraham Schbock is descended from one of the old and historic colonial families 
of America, the founders of which were two brothers who left their native land of 
Germany to seek a home on a foreign shore. They were members of the Amish 
Mennonite Church, which sect was strongly opposed to war in every form, and to 
escape military service they, in compjlny with another brother, set out on foot for 
Russia, but the third brother becoming footsore, was obliged to remain on the shore of 
the Black Sea while the other brothers took passage on a vessel for America and in 
due time reached the shores of Canada. Later they took up their abode in Penn- 
sylvania where William Penn had established an asylum for the oppressed religious 
sects of the world. They married and reared families. The great-grandfather of 
the subject of this sketch, Casper Schrock, was a farmer of the " Keystone State" 
and was the follower of the religion of his fathers. John Schrock, his son, tilled the 
soil at a place called "The Glades" in Somerset county and there brought up a 
family of six children: Peter, Daniel, Michael, Joseph, Rosina and Kate. He was 
a substantial farmer and lived to be an old man. His son Peter was also a product 
of Somerset county, Penn., his birth occurring on his parents' farm in 1801. He fol- 
lowed in his father's footsteps as to his occupation, and while still single, at the age of 
twenty-three years, he removed to Wayne county, Ohio, and settled on 160 acres of land 
which his father, with his usual foresight, had entered for him. He cleared this 
land from timber, improved it very much in the way of fences, buildings, etc., dur- 
ing the eighteen years that he remained on it, and by bis own untiring efforts made it a 
very valuable piece of propertv. A short time after settling in that locality he was mar- 
ried to Fannie, daughter of Jacob Plank, a miller by occupation, and in 1842 they 
removed to Elkhart county, Ind. , and were worthy agriculturists of Middlebury 
township until the father's death in 1884. His character was above reproach and 
he was a man who won respect from all with whom he came in contact. He was of 
a very religious nature and for many years was a deacon in the Amish Church. His 
wife bore him twelve children, whose names are as follows: John, Jacob. Abraham, 
Cornelius, Joseph, David, Peter, Mary, Rachel. Martha and two infants that died. 
The mother of these children, a most estimable and intelligent old lady, has at- 
tained to the advanced age of eighty-seven years. Abraham Schrock, thesubject of this 
sketch, first saw the light of day on his father's farm in Wayne county, Ohio, 
August 10, 182S, and in his youth was given educational advantages, which his dis- 
criminating judgment led him to improve. When a mere boy he began life for 



196 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

himself as an assistant teacher, and this calling he followed with the best of success 
for over three years. During this time he had been gaining a thorough knowledge 
of the intricacies of farming and also of the carpenter and joiner's trade so that 
when he began his independent career, he was better fitted than the average farmer's 
boy to make his own way in the world. He came to Indiana with his parents when 
fourteen years of age and was married in La Grange county, November 8, 1849, to 
Polly Miller, who was born June 20, 1833, to Joseph and Elizabeth (Zoder) Miller, 
the former of whom was born in Somerset county, Penn., in 1808, was a farmer by 
occupation and was a member of the old Amish Church. He and his wife became 
the parents of five children: Lydia, PoUy, Rachel, Daniel and Joseph. Mr. Miller 
became a resident of La Grange county, in 1851, and in time became the owner of 
340 acres of land. In addition to discharging these duties he was an active 
minister of his church, organized many new congregations and was a power for 
good. After his marriage Mr. Schrock settled on Section 16, Middlebury township, 
on 107 acres of land and with the aid of his faithful and industrious wife he has in- 
creased it to 187 acres. Ten children have been born to them: John, born Sep- 
tember 20, 1850, was married to Lucy Snellsboyer, is a farmer of Kansas and is the 
father of three children; Fannie, born January 16, 1853, married Samuel Balyeat, a 
farmer of Kansas and has sii children; Libbie, born September 20, 1854, became 
the wife of Jacob Garver, a farmer of Clinton township, and died in her twenty- 
eighth year, after having become the mother of two children ; Mary, born May 24, 
1857, became the wife of John Nusbaum, a lawyer, and died in her thirty-third 
year; Joseph, born May 4, 1860, married Jennie Carmine, is a farmer but was formerly 
in a furniture store in Goshen and is the father of two children; Abraham, born 
June 8, 1862, died October 6, 1863; Bachel, bom January 9, 1864, married Henry 
Alshouse, a farmer, and has three children; Emma, bom February 14, 1869, mar- 
ried Henry Pfieffer, a farmer, and has one child; Edson. bom August 17, 1871, and 
Franklin born October 10, 1873. Mr. and Mrs. Schrock are members of the Amish 
Church and being industrious, honest, public-spirited and law-abiding they are 
valuable residents of the community in which they reside and are considered the best 
of neighbors. Thev have reared their children to believe in Christianity, have given 
them good common-school educations and have handed down to them their own 
numerous virtues and an untarnished name. 

Yost Schkock is one of the old settlers of Middlebury township and possesses all 
the characteristics of the native Hollander from which race of people he is descended, 
although he was born in Wayne county, Ohio., March 28, 1827. His grandfather, 
Jasper Schrock, came to AJnerica from the old country and settled in Somerset 
county, Penn. , where he successfully tilled the soil, and was eventually married to 
Miss Catherine Stouky. This union resulted in the birth of nine children: 
Michael, Abraham, Jacob, John, Christian, Henry, Catherine, Peter and Joseph. 
Jasper Schrock was a member of the Amish Church and died in Somerset county. 
His son Peter was born in that county, and there was initiated into the mysteries of 
farming. When a young man he removed to Holmes county, Ohio, and was there 
married to Sarah, daughter of Tost Miller, who was a pioneer settler of that county 
and a substantial farmer. In time a family of eight children gathered about their 
hearthstone: Catherine, Elizabeth, Susannah, Yost, Elias, Benjamin, Sarah and 
Mary. Soon after his man-iage Mr. Schrock removed to Wayne county, Ohio, at 
which time the region was very sparsely settled. He had a neighbor, Samuel Lants, 
who hauled forty bushels of wheat to Worcester, selling it for two shillings per 
bushel, receiving as payment one barrel of salt. Although he and his family suf- 
ered many hardships, which always attend the life of the pioneer, they enjoyed 
good health, made the best of their lot, were industrious and in time a good home 
was developed from the wilderness, containing of 123 acres. Mr. Schrock was an 
earnest Christian and for many years was a minister of the Amish Church. He died 
on his farm at the age of fifty-one years, his death being much regretted by those 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. I97 

who knew him. His son Tost was brought up as he, himself, had been and obtained 
a thorough knowledge of agriculture and a fair common-school education. In those 
early days the farmers tramped out the wheat OQ the bam floor with horses, and 
the task usually assigned to young Yost was to ride the lead horse at this work. 
This slow process occupied weeks of the fall and winter. In October, 1848, at the 
age of twenty-one, he was married to Magdalena, daughter of Christian and Eliza- 
beth (Kurtz) Plank, the former of whom was one of the first settlers of Wayne 
county, Ohio. After his marriage Mr. Schrock resided on the old homestead for 
three years and here his two eldest children were born. The names of his off- 
spring are: Christian, Isaac, Elizabeth, Elias, Emeline, Mary J., Sarah A., Nancy 
E., William and Clara A. In 1851 Mr. Schrock and his family moved to Indiana 
and settled in Middlebury township, Elkhart county, the following spring taking 
up his residence on his present farm. The improvements on this place have been 
made by himself, consisting of a tasteful and comfortable residence, good barns and 
out- buildings, excellent fences, etc., and the farm presents a beautiful and thrifty 
appearance. His land, consisting of 160 acres, has all been cleared by his own efforts, 
with the exception of three acres. He has always been kind and considerate in his 
family, and has assisted his children to a good start in life, dividing about $10,000 
among them. He and his wife are members of the Dunkard Church and politically 
he is a Republican. He has always taken an active interest in the promotion of 
good schools and roads, and has been a member of the board of education of his 
township. His children are established in life as follows: Christian married 
Susannah Hostetler, by whom he has two chOdren and is a minister of the Dunkard 
Church; Isaac is a farmer of Middlebury township, is married to Mariah Bums and 
has three children; Elizabeth married Joseph Troyer, a carpenter of Goshen, by 
whom she has four ehildren; Elias married Annie Hoover, is a farmer of this town- 
ship and has two children; Emeline married Levi Weaver, a farmer of this town- 
ship and has five children; Mary J. married Amos Qripe, a farmer of this section, 
and has seven children (three pairs of twins) ; Nancy E. married Frank Priser, a farmer 
of the township, and has one child; William married Lola Van Dorsen, and is at 
present residing on the home farm. He is a school teacher by profession but at 
present is attending a Normal College, of Springfield, Ohio; Clara married John 
Zimmerman, a farmer, and has one child. It will thus be seen that Mr. Schrock is 
the grandfather of twenty-five children. All the members of the family are repu- 
table citizens and are an honor to the parents who reared them to useful manhood 
and womanhood. 

Jacob Hitter, of South Bend, lud., and one of the pioneers of St. Joseph 
county, is a Montgomery county, Ohioan, born about three miles west of Dayton, 
on the 1st of January, 1806, a son of John and Barbara (Garber) Ritter. John 
Ritter was born in North Carolina in April, 1777, and there grew to manhood. 
When a young man he learned the cooper's trade and for some time made that 
his chief occupation. He afterward resided near Nashville, Tenn., for a short 
time and later was a resident of Kentucky. As he was married in Montgomery, 
Ohio, in 1805, he was probably a settler of that locality about the year 1803. At 
the time he crossed the Ohio River at Cincinnati on his way to Ohio, there was 
only a block house and a few cabins where that city now stands, the principal in- 
habitants at that point being soldiers. His wife was born in Virginia, a daughter 
of John and Barbara Garber. About the year 1818 the Ritter family removed to 
Wayne county, Ind., being among the pioneers of that county, where Mr. Bitter 
became the owner of 160 acres of land. Here Mr. Ritter lived for several years. 
He afterward disposed of his property there and settled in St. Joseph county, a 
portion of his laud being in Portage and a portion in German township. He after- 
ward settled on the Michigan road in German township, where he lived until his 
death in February, 1867. His wife survived him several years, her death occurring 
at the home of her daughter in Floyd county, Iowa, at the advanced age of one 



198 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

hundred and two years. Mr. and Mrs. Bitter were the parents of the following 
children: Jacob, Michael, John, Benjamin, David, Samuel, Martin, Sarah and 
Susan, all of whom are living but John, who served three years as cavalryman in 
the late war under Gen. Custer. Jacob Ritter, whose name is at the head of this 
sketch, was about twelve years of age when his parents settled in Wayne county, 
and there and in his native county he succeeded in obtaining a practical education 
in the common schools, which were held in the old-time log cabin. He was reared 
on a farm, and has always devoted his attention to that occupation. In Wayne 
county he united his fortunes with those of Elizabeth Miller October 26, 1826, her 
birth having occurred in Montgomery county, Ohio, June 5, 1809, she being a 
daughter of''David and Sarah (Hardman) Miller, who also became pioneers of St. 
Joseph county, Ind. In the spring of 1830 Mr. Ritter came to this county also, 
and found himself in Portage Prairie on April 5 of that year, and located on a 
farm of eighty acres in Section 32, which he had previously selected in the fall 
of 1829, at which time he also became the owner of eighty acres of timber land. 
A number of other families came at the same time, and that year they all raised 
quite good crops of corn. Several of these settlers combined work and in 1830 
seeded about 200 acres to com, which Mr. Bitter says became the finest crop 
of sod corn he has ever seen produced in any country. That year they also 
raised some magnificent melons and turnips, but he refuses to disclose their ex- 
act size and weight for fear people of the present day would be inclined to 
doubt his veracity. He erected a log cabin on his property in German town- 
ship, Section 29. in the fall of 1831, where he lived for many years, and which 
he still owns. In 1866 he retired from active labor and purchased property in 
South Bend, where he is now residing. He also owns 342 acres of land, and is 
nicely situated to enjoy life. He and his worthy wife became the parents of a 
good old-fashioned family of fourteen children: Lucinda (deceased), Barbara, 
Sarah A. (deceased), Amanda E., Martha E., Aaron M., William H. H., David M., 
John N., Benjamin F., Theodore (deceased), Lorinda and Clarinda (twins) and 
Elizabeth M. Of these children, Amanda E., Martha E., William H. H. and 
Elizabeth M. are residents of this county; Barbara, now wife of Joseph Hard- 
man, is living at Prairie City, Grant Co. , Ore. ; Aaron M. and David M. are farm- 
ers near Springfield, Mo. ; John N. is engaged in the practice of law and in bank- 
ing at Columbus, Kan. ; Benjamin F. , a farmer and dealer in agricultural imple- 
ments, resides in Castleton, Cass Co., N. D. Lorinda, wife of Q. A. Bulla, lives 
near St. Edward, Boone Co., Neb., and Clarinda, who married J. F. Buchtel, is liv- 
ing in Kansas City, Mo. Two sons, William H. H. and David, served three years dur- 
ing the war in the twenty-first Indiana Battery, under command of Capt. Andrews. Mrs. 
Ritter died February 20, 1867, and in 1872 Mr. Ritter took for his second wife Ellen 
Lentz, born February 26, 1831, in Pennsylvania, daughter of Christopher and Han- 
nah (Davis) Lentz, who were of Scotch descent. Christopher Lentz was a soldier 
in the War of 1812, and for many years was a resident of German township, where he 
lived until his death, which occurred August 14, 1838. His widow survived him until 
October 27, 1869. Mr. Ritter is a member of the I. O. O. F. , having joined that order 
aboutthe year 1850. He has always been a great reader, and possesses a well-stored 
mind . He rather favors the Universalist doctrine in his religious views, and in politics 
has always been an ardent Democrat. His record as an honorable man of affairs has 
remained untarnished, and as a citizen he has always been public spirited and law 
abiding. 

George Witter has been a resident of St. Joseph county, Ind. , for many years, 
in fact, was one of the very earhest settlers of the region, but was born in IJnion 
county, Ind. , October 23, 1817, to John and Anna (Mayer) Witter, the former of 
whom was born October 23, 1782, in Lancaster county, Penn. Christopher Witter, 
the father of John, was bom July 5, 1756. It is thought that the parents of 
Christopher came from Germany. Christopher was a farmer by occupation and was 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 199 

reared ia his native State, where he resided the greater part of his life. His wife, 
Mary, was born March 9, 1763, and bore her husband nine children. She died 
in Pennsylvania many years since. Mr. Witter died in Union county, Ind. , about 
the year 1822. John Witter grew to mature years in the State of his birth and 
devoted his time to farming. He was married May 25, 1803, to Anna Maver, bom 
March 5, 1783, in Pennsylvania, daughter of John Mayer. Shortly after their 
marriage they became residents of Union county, Ind., where Mr. Witter entered 
160 acres of land which was covered with a heavy growth of timber. He cleared 
a small space, erected a log cabin and there the family lived for several years. 
Here Mrs. Witter died, November 15, 1832, leaving the following children: Samuel 
Elizabeth, Catherine, John, Sarah, Jacob, George, Abraham, Mary, Anna and 
Susan. In May, 1833, Mr. Witter and children removed to this county and 
settled in German township, on the west side of Portage Prairie, having previously 
entered 160 acres of land there. Shortly after coming to German township he 
entered eighty acres for $100 and later secured forty acres of timber land for $50. 
The work of the pioneer was again gone through in erecting buildings and 
improving wild land, but Mr. Witter's former experience was of great benefit to 
him and he made rapid headway in his improvements. This farm continued to be 
his home until his death, May 23, 186-t. The eldest son, Samuel, had married in 
Union county, Ind., and in 1830 settled in Cass county, Mich., but a few years later 
became a farmer of German township, St. Joseph county, Ind., where he lived many 
years, his death occurring in South Bend. George Witter, the immediate subject 
of this sketch, was reared in his native county until sixteen years of age, during 
which time he secured a practical education in the subscription schools then in 
vogue, and for two winter terms attended the district schools of German township. 
He assisted in the tedious and laborious task of improving the home farm, and to 
this end split rails, grubbed and followed the plow. Under these conditions he 
attained manhood, and, during his long residence here, has seen almost the entire 
development of the county, and witnessed its transformation from an almost unbroken 
wilderness into a thickly populated region, dotted with magnificent and highly cul- 
tivated farms. On the 16th of February, 1840, he was married to Sarah Miller, 
a native of Wayne county, Ind., bom November 1, 1822, a daughter of David and 
Sarah (Hardman) Miller. After their marriage they settled on a farm which Mr. 
Witter had purchased, consisting of eighty acres in the northern part of Section 30. 
Here he lived for twenty years. In 1860 he traded this land for a farm in Warren 
township, where he lived thirty-six years. In 1886 he located on the farm on which 
he is residing at the present time, consisting of seventy-four acres. He still owns 
195 acres in Warren township. Since the organization of the Republican partv he 
has always voted that ticket, and previous to that time was a Whig. He has held 
various township offices, in all of which he has discharged his duties in an intelligent 
and capable manner. Mr. and Mrs. Witter are the parents of twelve children: 
Aaron, Albert, Martin, George I. , Harrison, Adaline, Lucinda, Caroline, living, and 
the following who are deceased: Elizabeth A., Mary E. , Phoebe J. and John W. 
Mr. and ilrs. Witter are members in good standing of the German Baptist Church, 
in which they have kept the faith for many years. They have brought up their chil- 
dren to be an honor to them and in the good graces of their acquaintances hold a 
prominent place, as they fully deserve to do. 

Jonathan Balyeat. The agricultural part of any community is the bone and 
sinew from which come the strength and vigor necessary to carry on the affairs 
of manufacture, commerce and the State. When the farming people are composed 
of men and women of courage, enterprise, intelligence and integrity, prosperity 
will attend all departments of activity and this is pre-eminently the case in Elk- 
hart county, Ind., and among those who hold high rank as a tiller of the soil is 
Mr. Balyeat, who springs from a good old colonial family of Pennsylvania. The 
family tree took root on American soil when a number of brothers came from 



200 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

the river Rhone in France and settled in "Penn's Woodland." They were young 
men, were married in the land of their adoption and three of the brothers settled 
in Philadelphia where they engaged in the foundry business, and the other brother 
became a farmer. From these three brothers descended all the Balyeats in the 
United States, who are now scattered throughout the length and breadth of the 
land, and among their numbers may be found prosperous farmers, business men and 
members of the learned professions. The Balyeats have been patriots and soldiers 
in all the American wars. George Balyeat, the grandfather of the subject of this 
sketch, was born in Pennsylvania, was a farmer of Schuylkill county in the Mauch 
Chunk Valley. He was the father of twelve children: Stephen, Leonard, George, 
Henry, Daniel, Eve, Jonas, Jacob, David and Joseph, besides two whose names can 
not be recalled. They all lived to a ripe old age and reared families, the death of 
Stephen occurring at the age of ninety-four years. George Balyeat died on his 
farm in Penu.sylvania, an aged and respected man. Jonas, his son, was bom on the 
old homestead in Schuylkill county, Penn., July 25, 1798, and, for his day, received 
a fair German education, and afterward became a German school teacher in the 
State of his birth. The Balyeats had, for generations, inter-married with the Ger- 
mans of Pennsylvania, and in this way lost all knowledge of the French language, 
and the spelling of their name also became corrupted from the French name Balliet, 
to Balyeat and other forms. When a young man of twenty, Jonas Balyeat went to 
Westmoreland county, Penn., to collect a note of $300 which his father gave him, 
and thinking he could find the party, he proceeded on foot through the wilderness 
to western Pennsylvania, but did not succeed in finding his man. He found a wife, 
however, in the person of Miss Catherine Hum, their marriage being celebrated in 
Westmoreland county. Their marriage resulted in the birth of a very large family 
of eighteen children, fifteen of whom reached honorable manhood and womanhood: 
David, Jacob, Abraham, Jonathan, Sarah, Aaron, Eliza, Phoebe, Moses, Joshua, 
Benjamin, Emanuel, Reuben, Mary and Marquis. After residing one year in West- 
moreland county, Jonas Balyeat (in 1820) moved to Richland county, Ohio, where 
he settled in the wilderness, cleared up a farm, reared his family and passed the re- 
mainder of his days. He and his wife were devout members of the Baptist Church, 
and he assisted in founding the Baptist Church in Richland county, in which he 
was deacon for fifty-eight years, and gave liberally of his means in its support. 
He was principally noted for his religious character and honorable course in life, 
and by his own efforts became the owner of 300 acres of land, which comprised the 
homestead, as well as a large amount of wild land in Van Wert county, Ohio, on 
which a number of his children have since settled and are now living. He assisted 
his children to a start in life, and upon his death left an estate to be divided among 
them and the heritage of an untarnished name. The latter years of his life were 
spent in retirement from the active work in the town of Van Wert, Ohio, where he 
died in the eighty-eighth year of his age, universally lamented. Throughout life 
he was a stanch Republican in his political views, was a strong Abolitionist during 
the war and was a stanch supporter of the Union cause, four of his sons and one 
grandson serving in the Federal army. Abraham was a lieutenant in the 100 days' 
service, and was stationed in Maryland at Point Lookout; Benjamin was an orderly 
sergeant in the same service and died of sickness contracted while discharging his 
duties; Reuben M. was an orderly sergeant, also stationed at Columbus on guard 
duty, and Marquis L. was in Battery D, Ohio Light Artillery, served two years and 
was in several battles, among which was the Wilderness. Following this battle he 
was taken sick from exposure, after which he was made hospital steward. Jonathan 
Balyeat, the son of Jonas and the subject of this notice, was born on his father's 
farm in Richland, Ohio, February 22, 1824; was reared a farmer, and for the times 
in which he lived, received a good common-school education. On June 26, 1845, 
he was united in marriage to Margaret, the daughter of John and Catherine (Lewis) 
Gates, the former of whom was a son of John Gates, who was of English descent 




^ /TT /lL^^^^.^--iM. 



MEMOIRS OF IXDIAyA. 203 

and came of old coloaial stock, the family having resided in the vicinity of Treu- 
toQ, N. J., for generations. At the age of sixteen years he became a soldier in the 
Revolutionary war, after which he was married to Margaret Marion, a native of 
Germany, who came with her parents to America at the age of four years. John 
Gates was a farmer and after a time moved with his family to Ohio, of which State 
they were among the pioneers. He reared a family of twelve children and lived to 
the extreme old age of ninety- nine years, his wife attaining the very advanced ag& 
of one hundred and one years. John Gates, Jr. , the father of Mrs. Balyeat, was 
born in Sasses, N. J. ; was there married and by his wife became the father of seven 
children: Martin, Elizabeth, Margaret. Samuel, Jacob, Fannie and Hnldah. Mr. 
Gates was a substantial farmer of Richland county, Ohio, and here he passed all 
his daya and died at the age of sixty-tive years. He was a man of strict integrity 
of character, was sheriff of his county and held other responsible positions also. 
After his marriage Jonathan Balyeat settled on some wild land in Van Wert county, 
Ohio, in 1846; cleared his land from timber and made a good farm of 120 acres. 
He did a vast amount of hard work during the nineteen years that he resided on 
that farm, but the farm became very valuable ere he sold it. There all his children 
were born: Elizabeth A., John W., Catherine J., Ansavilla, Marion A., (who died 
at the age of twenty-seven years), Walter R. , Edmund A. and Frank E. John W. 
was a soldier in an Ohio regiment during the Civil war; served in the 1 20 days' serv- 
ice and did guard duty at Point Lookout, Md. In 1865 Mr. Balyeat settled on 
his present farm, which has been his home ever since. He and his wife are members 
of the Baptist Church, in which he has filled the office of treasurer. His good 
judgment is respected by the people, and he has filled the office of justice of the 
peace for four years, and has adjusted the difficulties of his neighbors with im- 
partiality and intelligence. The principles of the Republican party are the ones 
which most fully recommend themselves to his judgment as worthy of his sanction, 
and his general information is extensive and enlightened. His son, John W., 
who is a farmer of lona county, Mich., married Miss Sarah Ciramer, by whom he 
has two children. Catherine J. married John S. Scott, a lumberman of Goshen, 
and is the mother of one child. Ansavilla married William Myers, a farmer of the 
township and has one child. Walter R. is a prominent young business man of 
Nappanee and was born in 1865; after spending many years in clerking in Elkhart 
and Goshen, he went to Nappanee where he opened a grocery store, and has since 
been prominently identified with the mercantile interests of the place; since 1892 
he has been associated in business with his brother-in-law, L. Kohler, and the firm 
is known a.s Balyeat & Kohler; in 1887 he was married to Ella Snaveley, a 
daughter of E. and Elizabeth Snaveley, of Millersburgh. Edmund A. received 
a liberal education at Hillsdale, Mich., and in medicine in Chicago, and is now 
a practicing physician of Kalamazoo, Mich; he married Mary Walton. Frank 
E. married Mary Hasie, by whom he has one child, and is a druggist of Arkan- 
sas City, Kan. Elizabeth is at home with her parents. 

C.issrns Caxdwell first saw the light of day in the town of Burlington, Chit- 
tenden Co.,Vt., February 10, 1817, son of Matthew and Dolly (Knight) Caldwell, the 
former of whom was a native of the "' Granite State." His mother, whose maiden 
name was Hannah Humphries, was of Irish descent and attained the advanced age 
of eighty three years; her death occurring in Vermont about the year 1835. 
Matthew was reared in his native State, but upon reaching manhood went with his 
family to New Hampshire, where he met and married Miss Knight about the year 
1815. She was born on Grand Island, Lake Champlain; her father being a Meth- 
odist minister. The Knight family was of English descent. After the marriage of 
Mr. and Mrs. Caldwell, they made Burlington, Vt., their home for a number of 
years, Mr. Caldwell being engaged in the manufacture of brick. In the fall of 
1836, the family emigrated to Indiana, arriving in South Bend on October 31, 
1836; settling about three miles southwest of the town. Mr. Caldwell had made a 



204 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

trip through this part of the country in 1834, and after the arrival of the family they 
spent the winter of 1836 at the home of relatives. The following spring Mr. 
Caldwell leased some laud and began the manufacture of brick, which occupation he 
continued to follow for two years. He then moved to South Bend and continued 
making brick for several years, then gave up the business to purchase a farm in 
German township, where his son Cassins now resides, and where he resided until 
his death. His wife survived him several years, having borne him nine children: 
Abigail, Cassius, James, John, Laura, Maleta A., Cornelia E., Melville and Wesley. 
All these children are deceased except Maleta A. (Roe), of South Bend, and 
Cassins. The latter was reared in his native State and there received a fair educa- 
tion in the district schools. He also attended De Pauw University at Greencastle, 
Ind., one term after coming to South Bend, which institution at that time was 
known as Asbury University. Mr. Caldwell was about nineteeu years of age when 
his parents came to South Bend, and upon his father's removal to the farm in Ger- 
man township, he took charge of the brick yard at South Bend, which business oc- 
cupied his attention until 1848. In the fall of this year he decided to seek his 
fortuae in the newly discovered gold fields of California, and had nearly completed 
arrangements for the trip via New York and the Isthmus, or " round the Horn," 
when acquaintances in South Bend made arrangements to go across the plains, and 
Mr. Caldwell abandoned his original idea and joined a company of thirty-one 
members which left South Bend, February 20, 1849, with ox teams. Schuyler 
Colfax, who was a young man at that time, made a farewell speech to the departing 
gold-seekers from the second story of what was known as the old VVashington Build- 
ing. The trip to the Missouri River was attended with many drawbacks and de- 
lays, owing to bad roads, etc., as it was May 11, when they crossed the "Big 
Muddy." From that time on the party made very good time considering their mode 
of travel, and arrived in the gold section of California September 5, 1849. Mr. 
Caldwell's trip to that section was successful insofar as his expenses and time were 
concerned, and upon returning home he brought with him some money which he 
had earned. His return to the States was by way of the Isthmus. He located in South 
Bend, where he made his home until 18 — , when he settled on the farm in German 
township, where he is at present residing, although he still retains his South Bend 
property. At the time the town was organized as a city, he was elected street 
commissioner, in which capacity he served six years, and also served as assessor of 
South Bend one year. Mr. Caldwell was married, January 29, 1857, to Miss Rachel 
West, who was born October 17, 1830, in Pennsylvania; a daughter of Abraham and 
Anna (Ross) West, the former of whom served seven years in the Revolutionary 
war. Mr. and Mrs, Caldwell are the parents of three children: Charles W., John 
E. and Matthew S. Mr. Caldwell is the owner of ninety-six acres of land, nearly 
all of which is in a tine state of cultivation, situated on the banks of the St. Joseph 
River. Mr. Caldwell and family are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and politically he is a Republican. His life, with the exception of his trip to Cali- 
fornia, has been rather uneventful, but he has always shown those qualities which 
mark the useful, progressive and law-abiding citizen, and has many warm friends 
wherever he is known. 

Jeremiah Tboyeb is a practical farmer and substantial citizen of Elkhart county, 
Ind., has real estate embracing 233 broad acres, the result of persevering and hon- 
orable toil. He is descended from " Swisslanders" who settled in Pennsylvania during 
a very early period of this country's existence, and in their religious proclivities 
were Amiah Mennonites, for which reason they had to fly from their native land and 
seek an asylum in the wilds of the New World. They were followers of Simon 
Meno and a religious teacher by the name of Amon; were peaceful, law-abiding 
citizens, and their descendants, who are scattered all over the United States, are 
industrious, thrifty and upright farmers. John Troyer, the grandfather of Jere- 
miah Troyer, was born in Somerset county, Penn., but he became one of the early 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 205 

settlers of Holmes county, Ohio, was one of the first Amish Meonoaites to settle there 
and was an honorable, hard-workiiig farmer until his death. He was married to 
Madalena iililler who bore him six children : Samuel, Michael, Abraham, John, Mary 
and Sarah. The eldest of these children, Samuel, was born and brought up on his 
father's farm in Somerset county, Penn. , and in his youth learned to read and write 
German. He was twelve years of age when he settled with his parents on their pioneer 
farm in Holmes county, Ohio, and was but fourteen years of age when the head of 
the house was called from life. He then began making his home with an uncle, Mr. 
Miller, and being not unfamiliar with the hardships and struggles of pioneer life 
on a farm, he early imbibed the ideas of independence and industry which are essen- 
tial to a successful career in any calling. Born on a farm, he inTolnntarily grew up 
with a better knowledge of agricultural affairs than one who was not reared to the 
life, and at an early period he was made to feel that he was equally responsible for 
harmony, justice and equity in governmental affairs as in social relations. He 
received the rudiments of his education in the district schools in Holmes county, and 
when manhood was reached he led to the altar Miss Madalena Hostetter, after which 
he at once settled on a farm, and set energetically to work to accumulate a compe- 
tency for himself and increasing family. His wife died in Holmes county after hav- 
ing become the mother of seven children: Madalena (who died after attaining 
womanhood), Jeremiah, Lydia, Sarah. Samuel, Barbara and Annie. Mr. Troyer's 
second marriage was celebrated in Fairfield county, Ohio, Miss Esther Stutzman 
becoming his wife and in process of time the mother of his four children: John, 
Adam, Jonathan and Daniel. About 1836 Mr. Troyer removed with his family to 
Indiana and settled on the west line of Elkhart county, which was then a wilderness 
abounding in game, such as deer, wild turkey, wolves, etc. Out of the heavy tim- 
ber of that section Mr. Troyer carved a home for himself and family, but at the 
end of three years was left a widower for the second time. Later he returned to 
Holmes county, Ohio, where he took for himself a third wife in the person of Mrs. 
Sarah (Schrock) Yoder, the widow of Abram Toder, and their union resulted in the 
birth of eight children: Tost, Simon, Moses, Joel, Susan, Benjamin, Eli and Eliza- 
beth. Thus Mr. Troyer was the father of nineteen children, a family like the patri- 
archs of old. Mr. Troyer eventually became a resident of Miami county, Ind. , on a 
farm in which section he passed the remainder of his life, dying at the age of 
seventy-three years. He was a man of many sterling traits of character and his 
career was characterized by geniality and large-heartedness as well as the most 
unswerving honor. Jeremiah Troyer, son of Samuel, and the subject of this sketch, 
was born on his father's farm in Holmes county, Ohio, and although he received but 
little education he can read and vrrite German. His early days were devoted to the 
farm and to carpentering and since his seventeenth year he has been a resident jf 
the " Hoosier State." When he had attained his majority he returned to Holmes 
county and was married there on February 4, 1851, to Mary, daughter of Joseph G. 
and Mary (Hostetter) Troyer, after which he returned to Indiana and purchased 
land in Miami county. In 1874 he removed to La Grange county, but since 1887 he 
has been a resident of his present farm, which is one of the best and most fertile in 
the county. His property has been obtained by the sweat of his brow and he has the 
satisfaction of knowing that it has not been obtained at the expense of others. A 
good old-fashioned family of fourteen children were bom to himself and wife: Cor- 
nelius, Lydia, Mary, Sarah, Samuel, Susan, Barbara, Polly (who died after reach- 
ing womanhood), Jeremiah, Abraham (died in infancy), John, Elizabeth, Moses and 
David. Mr. Troyer, like his father before him, has always been an earnest Chris- 
tian, and by precept and example has reared his family to honorable manhood 
and womanhood, in which labor of love he was ably seconded by his worthy wife. 
She was born in Holmes county, Ohio, November 29. 1832, and died April 26, 1890. 
The Trovers have always been noted for their excellent characters and as law-abid- 
ing and public-spirited citizens. 



206 PICTORIAL ^LVD BIOGRAPHICAL 

Jacob H. Chirhart, deceased. In recounting the forces that have combined to 
make Elkhart couuty, Ind., what it is, more than a passing reference mast be made 
to the life and labors of Jacob H. Chirhart, of whom it may be truthfully said that 
no one has done more to lay the foundation of the county's prosperity deep, and to 
build upon them surely and well. Mr. Chirhart was by birth a member of that 
valiant army of " Ohio men " who have had so potent an influence upon the country, 
his birth occurring at Canton on December 19, 1836, the son of Apollinaris and 
Mary (Meyer) Chirhart, the former of whom died at Canton when Jacob was about 
six months old. In 1845 the latter removed to St. Joseph county with his mother 
and settled in Harris township, but in 1865 took up his residence in Clay township, 
where agriculture received the greater part of his attention until his death, which 
occurred February 11, 1885. While a resident of Clay township he held the posi- 
tion of supervisor, and in everything to which he devoted his attention he was 
eminently successful, being especially so as a tiller of the soil, for prior to his death 
he had become the owner of 300 acres of land, the estate at present consisting of 
about 200 acres. On January 10, 1865, Mr. Chirhart won for his wife Miss Mary 
M. Talley, their union taking place at Notre Dame. She was born on August 22, 

, in Hartford, Conn., to Alfred M. and Mary (Taylor) Talley, the former of 

whom was born in Augusta, Ga., February 19, 1806. When a lad he went to 
Charleston, S. C, and learned the printer's trade, which he followed many years. 
He was married in Hartford, Conn., January 15, 1832, to Mary Taylor, daughter of 
Solomon and Mary (Hawthorne) Taylor. In the early part of 1835 Mr. Talley 
removed to Chicago and purchased 106 acres of land near Evanston, for which he 
paid $1.50 per acre. He purchased this land with the intention of farming it and 
erected thereon a house, but shortly afterward entered the employ of John Went- 
worth, as foreman of the Chicago Democrat, at 45 La Salle street, and did an 
extensive business for several years. Joe Forest, who is still living in Chicago, was 
one of the editors. When the war came on the business was closed out. Mr. Tal- 
ley had previously purchased 240 acres in Clay township, St. Joseph county, Ind., 
in the name of his children, and erected the handsome brick residence which adorns 
the property at the present time. At the time the Daily Democrat was discon- 
tinued Mr. Talley removed to his farm in this section, a short distance north of 
Notre Dame, and there conducted the publication of the Ave Maria at the college 
for about five years, he being its first practical manager. It was printed by hand 
press. He contributed much to the foundation and successful continuance of the 
magazine, which is now circulated extensively throughout the world. During the 
residence of Mr. Talley in Chicago he was one of the charter members of the Typo- 
graphical Union and its first president. After continuing the magazine for about 
five years his health failed him and he retired from business pursuits and until his 
death, on November 28, 1870, he resided on his farm. His wife died in Chicago on 
August 31, 1852. After the death of Mr. Talley, whose loss was greatly deplored 
by all who knew him, Mr. Chirhart purchased the estate, and on this same farm 
Mrs. Chirhart is still living. She bore her husband the following children: Mary 
M., Henry A., Edward S. , Celia J., Anna C. and Joseph M. Mary M. is the wife 
of George McCreary, and resides in South Bend; Henry A. married Miss Grace 
Pearce, and resides in Chicago; Edward S. is at home and has charge of the farm, 
and the other children also reside with their mother. Mr. Chuhart took a deeper 
interest in matters of a higher character than mere material things, and not only 
won an enviable reputation for public spirit, as shown in his various labors for the 
material and moral advancement of the county, but he was also admired and 
respected for personal and social qualities of the highest order. Mrs. Chirhart and 
family are members of the Catholic Church. 

Joseph J. Stutzman. The remote ancestors of this gentleman were among the 
earliest inhabitants of Pennsylvania, coming to this country from Germany. Chris- 
tian Stutzman, the grandfather of Joseph J., was born in Somerset county, Penn. , 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 207 

was a farmer by occupation, and was a member of the Amish Mennonite Church. 
Jacob, Christian, Abraham and Elizabeth were his children, the first mentioned of 
whom was bom on his father's farm. Although his advantages were not of the best 
for obtaining an education, he possessed a desire to learn, and in time could read 
and write both German and English. He was married to Fannie, daughter of David 
L. Lehman, a Pennsylvania farmer, to which union the following children were 
born: Samuel, Joseph, Moses, Jacob, Elizabeth, Barbara, Magdalena and Harmon. 
In 1867, while in his declining years, he moved from his old home in Pennsylvania, 
where the early part of his life had been passed, and took up his abode in Elkhart 
county, Ind. , where he was called from life in 1873. Like the majority of Germans he 
was industrious and hard working, as well as strictly honorable, and the lesson which 
his life taught was that success in life is the reward of honest effort, industry and 
sobriety. He was no idler or trifler, but an earnest, conscientious and persistent 
toiler, who deserved all the success* which he achieved. His fine farm of 400 acres 
in Pennsylvania was very valuable, the proceeds from which aided his heirs very 
materially in gaining a foothold on the ladder of success. Joseph J. Stutzman was 
born on this fann December 22, 1839, his early education being only such as the 
common schools afforded; but during his walk through life he has acquired a thor- 
ough education in the great school of experience. He was married to the daughter 
of David C. and Susan (Miller) Toder, Rachel Yoder, and a family of eight chil- 
dren gathered about their hearthstone in the course of time: Daniel, Susan, Fannie, 
Jeremiah, Levi, Joseph, David and Edward, the two eldest of whom were born in 
Pennsylvania. Although Mr. Stutzman owned a fine farm of 300 acres in Pennsyl- 
vania, he thought to better his financial condition by removing westward, and the 
year 1866 is the date of his arrival in Indiana. He first purchased 160 acres of 
land, and by the exercise of all his energy, enterprise and judgment he has become 
the owner of 360 acres, and with the improvements that have been made upon it, 
constitutes one of the most valuable tracts of real estate in the county. Mr. Stutz- 
man has been a deacon in the Mennonite Church for twelve years, and is in every 
sense of the word a true Christian gentleman. His children have been given good 
educational advantages, and on various occasions he has served in the capacity of 
school director. As a citizen his good name is above reproach, and he can be truly 
said to be that noblest work of God — an honest man. His career has been useful in 
the best sense of the term, and although he has never been ambitious to fill public 
oflBce he has pursued the "even tenor of his way," and the result of his undivided 
attention is his comfortable and well-kept home. His father-in-law, David C. 
Yoder, came of Amish Mennonite stock, and was bom in Somerset county, Penn. 
After attaining manhood and receiving a common-school education he was married 
to Susan Miller, who bore him twelve children: Polly, Rachel, Valentine, Catherine, 
Levi, David, Jacob, Susan, Jeremiah, Tobias, Annie and Samuel. Mr. Yoder owned 
a fine farm of 200 acres in Pennsylvania, but became a resident of Indiana in 1869. 
He was a highly respected citizen, and his death at the age of seventy years was 
universally regretted. 

Lewis Goolet, deceased. When a citizen of worth and character has departed 
from this life, it is meet that those who survive him should keep in mind his life work, 
and should hold up to the knowledge and emulation of the young his virtues and the 
characteristics which distinguished him and made hira worthy the esteem of his 
neighbors. Therefore, the name of Lewis Gooley is presented to the readers of this 
volume as a public-spirited citizen and an agriculturist of sound judgment. He was 
born in France, August 15, 1813, a son of Dewalt and Barbara Gooley, and when 
fifteen years of age came with them to America and settled on a farm in Stark county, 
Ohio, where the father and mother spent the remainder of their days. Lewis grew 
to manhood in Stark county, and about the year 1845 came to St. Joseph county 
and took up his residence on a sixty-acre tract of land in Clay township, but by 
■good management he afterward added to the same until he became the owner of 



208 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAFHICAL 

about 200 acres before his death. He was married, April 14, 1845, to Sarah 
Shilling, who was born March 14, 1823, near Oil City, Peon., a daughter of Fred- 
erick and Mary (Rees) Shilling, nativea of Switzerland, who came to America when 
young and settled in Pennsylvania, where they made their home until their respective 
deaths. After the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Gooley, they came to St. Joseph connty 
and settled on the farm which Mrs. Gooley still occupies. There Mr. Gooley was 
called from life on March 26, 1887. He was alwr.ys noted for his industry, was a 
good business manager and acquired a considerable amount of property, leaving to 
his family a comfortable competency at the time of his death. A family of ten chil- 
dren were born to Mr. Gooley and his wife, the following only of whom are living: 
Jacob, Lewis, at home, and David. The seven children who are dead were taken away 
by that dread disease — quick consumption — deeply mourned by the remainder of the 
family. Mrs. Gooley has suffered greatly in thus losing her husband and children, 
but is devoting herself to the remainder of her family and to her many friends. 

George W. Showalteb. As a pioneer, Mr. Showalter has left his impress upon 
Elkhart county, Ind., and to no one who has any knowledge of the history of that 
section, is his name an unfamiliar one. For more than forty years he has 
resided on his present farm, and during this time he has been a leading spirit in 
promoting the material growth and prosperity, as well as building up the religious, 
educational and benevolent institutions of his locality. He comes of sturdy Ger- 
man ancestry, for, according to tradition, four of his name came from that country to 
America and settled in Pennsylvania, and for many years his grandfather was a suc- 
cessful farmer in the vicinity of Schuylkill. His sons bore the good old Scriptural 
names of Jacob, John and David, the latter of whom became the father of the sub- 
ject of this sketch. He was reared on his native soil of Pennsylvania and became a 
soldier in the War of 1812, during which time his health became permanently 
injured. He was married to Agnes Linville and to them was born a family of the 
good old-fashioned order, consisting of twelve members: Benjamin, Matthias, John, 
David, George, William, Lewis, Melvina, Ann, Catherine, Margaret and Sarah. 
After residing for some time near the old homestead in Pennsylvania, Mr. Showal- 
ter removed to Rockingham county, Va., and became the owner of two good farms 
at Cross Keys, near the head of the Shenandoah River. His efforts to secure a 
competency for his family were crowned with success, and his two farms of 101 
and 250 acres, respectively, were conducted in a manner which could not fail to 
result satisfactorily. He lived to be seventy-five years of age, dying in the faith of 
the Mennonite Church, in which he had " kept the faith " for many years. His wife 
was a Methodist. George W. Showalter was born on his father's farm in Virginia, 
March 11, 1825, and throughout his youth and early manhood he helped to till and 
make other improvements on the farm, and a common-school education represented 
the sum total of his accomplishments when he began life for himself. All old-time 
farmers considered themselves entitled to the services of their sons up to the time 
they reached the age of twenty-one, and Mr. Showalter's experience was no excep- 
tion to the rule. In addition to becoming familiar with the principles of agricult- 
ure, he learned the cooper's and carpenter's trades, and to these occupations he gave 
his time and attention. In 1851 he left the shelter of the parental roof and set out 
for the then wilds of Indiana and so pleased was he with the promises offered to 
the agriculturist that he purchased the fine estate on which he is now residing. 
Time has shown the wisdom of this investment, for his land has always produced 
good crops and has yielded a comfortable competency. After making the purchase 
of his land he returned to his home in Virginia and married Margaret, daughter of 
William and Margaret (Altaffer) Saufley, their union taking place January 10, 1854, 
and with his young bride returned to his Indiana possessions, which consisted of 
137 acres of land, and which they reached in March, 1855. In time the following 
children were born to their union: William R., Mary, Maggie, Libbie, Edson 
and Franklin. Edson was born September 6, 1860; was reared on his father's 



itEilorRS OF IN or AN A. 209 

farm and has been a tiller of the soil and a carpenter for six years. The parents 
are members of the New School Lutheran Church and the father is now classed 
among the honored old settlers of Elkhart county. The mother was called from 
life on June 14, 1892, having been a worthy Christian all her life. Edson Showal- 
ter was married February 6, 1888, to Miss Orpha, daughter of Silas and Margaret 
(Dally) Shoup. By her he has two children: Leo R. and Noble L. Edson Sho- 
walter owns, in company with his brother, William R., 148 acres of land, is indus- 
trious, hoDorablea'nd pushing and a man highly esteemed in the community in which 
he resides. William R. was bom on his grandfather's farm in Rockingham county, 
Va., January 9, 1855. and was an infant two months old when brought by his 
parents to Indiana. In his youth he was Considered one of the best- scholars in his 
district. October 1, 1884, he was married to Frances, daughter of John and Cath- 
erine (Jacoba) Wert, and to them four children have been bom: Earl S., Clayton 
W. , Irwin E. and Edna I. Like his brother he is a public-spirited man, honest, 
industrious and successful, and politically is a Democrat. His wife is one of the 
following family of children: Emeline, Mary J., Caroline, Catherine, Adeline, 
Leah, Josiah, Jeremiah, Lucinda, John, David, Frances, William and Cyms. Oar 
subject has been master of Middlebury Grange for two years. The Showalters are 
a religious people and have always been associated with the Lutheran Church. 

Abel E. Work. A short time prior to the great American Revolntion the Work 
family tree took root in American soil. At that time the grandfather of the subject 
of this sketch, Samuel Work, came from County Antrim, Ireland, to take up his 
abode upon a new soil and in a foreign land. He was of Scotch-Irish birth, and 
was married on the Isle of Erin to Jane Dunn, who bore him the following children: 
Aaron, Robert, Samuel, Elizabeth, Margaret and Jane, all natives of America, to 
which country Mr. Work brought his young bride soon after their marriage. At the 
opening of the Revolutionary war they were residing on a farm near Philadelphia, 
Penn. , and from here Samuel Work at once enlisted in the patriot army, serving 
until the struggle ended. Later he disposed of his property in Pennsylvania and 
after several moves finally found himself in Fairfield county, Ohio, in 1812, where he 
lived only until 1817, when death finished his earthly career. He was a Presbyterian 
in his religious views. His son Aaron, the father of the subject of this sketch, was 
born in Chester county, Penn., and as his father was identified with the agricultural 
growth of the section in which they resided, his early life was much the same as 
that of other boys of his age and generation — he was a farmer's boy purely and 
simply, doing his part of the necessary work about his rural home. In time he took 
for himself a wife in the person of Millicent, daughter of Abel and Bridget 
(McMurtny) Everett, the former of whom also participated in the war of the Revo- 
lution, and was in the battle of Monmouth, where he saw Gen. Washington and his 
staff ride through a wheat field. A family of eight children have been born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Work: Abel E., Samuel, William, James, Martha, Jane, Mary and Eliza- 
beth, all of whom were born in Fairfield county, Ohio. Mr. Work passed a nsefnl 
life on his well-tilled farm in Fairfield county, and at the ripe old age of eighty 
years was called to his fathers, his wife living to be four years older. He was a man 
of lofty character, possessed exceptionally sound and practical views on all subjects, 
and for sixteen years ot his life much of his time was devoted to adjusting his neigh- 
bors' difficulties as justice of the peace. He was an elder in the Presbyterian Church, 
in which church his wife was also a member. Abel E. Work, the immediate sub- 
ject of this biography, was bom on the 29th of June, 1815, received a common- 
school education and learned the blacksmith's trade. They started out to fight life's 
battles well equipped morally, mentally and physically for the active duties of life, 
and endowed by nature with that splendid courage and resistless energy which has 
been so important a factor in the advancement of western civilization. He removed 
to Middlebury township, Elkhart Co., Ind. , in 1842, and for thirty-six years worked 
faithfully at his trade of blacksmith. He also purchased land and earnestlv tilled 



210 PICTORIAL A2fD BIOGRAFfflOAL 

the soil, and by the exercise of his admirable mental faculties he has now a fine farm 
of 105 acres. On the 15th of September, 1836, he was married to Miss Cynthia 
Larimer, who was born March 22, 1814, a daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth Larimer. 
The children that in time gathered about the board of Mr. and Mrs. Work are as 
follows: Aaron, born May 26, 1837; Isaac L., born December 16, 1838; John W., 
born January 11, 1841; Samuel, born February 26, 1843; James, born Februaiy 15, 
1845; William C, born June 19, 1847; Robert W., born June 20, 1849, and Abel 
E., born September 13, 1851. Mr. Work is a stanch Democrat politically, and 
during the lamentable Civil war was a loyal Union man. Two of his sons were in 
the service: Isaac L., who became a member of Company I, Seventy-fourth Regi- 
ment, ludiaoa Volunteer Infantry, in which he enlisted in August, 1862, at Goshen, 
Ind. ; John W.. enlisting the same day in the same company and regiment. They 
■were ia one battle, were very much exposed to the inclemnnt weather during the 
hard marching, which re.sulted in luag disease, from which both died, and are 
buried in the cemetery at Galatin, Tenn. Three sons are members of learned pro- 
fessions: Abel E., graduated from the Theological Seminary at Cincinnati, Ohio, 
and is now a Pre.sbyterian minister in South Dakota; Samuel A., graduated from 
the medical department of the University of Michigan at Ann Harbor, and is now 
a practicing physician at Vandalia. Mich. ; James A. , graduated from the same insti- 
tution, and is now practicing his profession in Elkhart, Ind. Mr. Work has twenty- 
nine grandchildren and one great-grandchild. His first wife, and the mother 
of his children, died May 23, 1883, and on June 16, 1885, Mrs. Barbara A. 
(Biddle) Keysor. a widow with two children (Leander S. and Albert A.), became his 
wife. Mr. Work's life has been usefully and profitably spent, and he is well 
posted on the current issues of the day, is wide awake to the interests of his sec- 
tion, and is a man of uublemished reputation. His second wife is a daughter of 
George Biddle, a member of an old Virginia family. Isaac Larimer, his first wife's 
father, was the son of Robert Larimer, a Scotch-Irishman, who, upon coming to this 
country, was shipwrecked on the coast of Pennsylvania, and although he had paid 
his pEissage to this country, was sold by the captain of the rescuing vessel, and was 
compelled to pay his passage again. Robert Larimer became a farmer of Juniata 
county, Penn., but in the latter part of the last century went to Fairfield county, 
Ohio, of which section he was one of the pioneers. Isaac Larimer, his son, was 
married to Elizabeth Wood, daughter of Moses Wr>od, and by her became the father 
of the following children: Robert, John, James, Moses, Isaac, Wright, Sarah, Eliza- 
beth, Phoebe and Cynthia. Isaac Larimer was a soldier in the War of 1812, in 
which struggle his sons, Robert and John, also participated. Robert and his 
father were in Hull's inglorious surrender. He was a substantial farmer, and died 
at about the age of fifty years, in Fairfield county, Ohio. He was a gunsmith by 
trade, and he and his wife became the parents of eleven children; Jacob, Mary, John, 
Valentia, Frederick, Levi, Barbara A. and Elizabeth are still living. 

Vert Rev. William Corbt, C. S. C. Father Corby was born in Detroit, Mich., 
in 1833. His father, Daniel Corby, was born in King's county, Ireland, in 1798, 
and came to the New World a young, unmarried man. In Montreal, Canada, he 
■wedded Miss Stapleton, a lady of rare beauty and numerous Christian virtues. 
She was noted in a special manner for her charity to the poor and infirm. Father 
William Corby was the fifth child of a large family. In early life he attended the 
public or district schools, open a few months each year, and when these schools 
were not in session, the father secured for his children the services of a private tutor. 
When not occupied with his studies William attended to various humble occupa- 
tions under the direction of a good father who was a man of iron will, frugal in 
habits, a total abstinance man for more than forty years; thrifty and possessed of a 
liberal store of this world's goods. Mr. Corby determined to give his sons the best 
facilities for acquiring an education and with that object in view he sent William to 
the college of Notre Dame, Ind., where he arrived during the scholastic year 1852-3. 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 811 

When he arrived at Notre Dame he had no intention of joining the Order of the 
Holj Cross, but, captivated by the place, the people and the good work being done 
he determined, with God's help, to devote his life and energy to advancing the cause 
■of Christian education. At once he joined the small band directed by the venerable 
Father Sorin, then laying the foundations of a great university in the forests of In- 
diana. Father Corby devoted every hour, even his vacations, to study. He never 
returned home to his father's house until he went as a newly ordained priest, to cele- 
brate his first Mass in his old parish church surrounded by relatives and friends of 
his boyhood. The solemnity of the occasion caused the good old father of the young 
priest to shed tears of joy, and made him feel like a young man again. 

Philosophy was Father Corby's favorite study, and this science he taught with 
success in his alma mater several years. At various terms he was prefect of the 
students, prefect of the study room, prefect of discipline and director of the manual 
labor school. While holding the latter position he attended, Sundays, St. Patrick's 
Church, South Bend. At the breaking out of the war he volunteered his services to 
the famous Irish Brigade of New York. He was appointed their chaplain in 1862, 
and for three years he was with them in all the principal battles fought by the Army 
of the Potomac, under MacClellan, Burnside, Hooker, Meade and Grant. Father 
Corby has now ready for press a book which gives a full account of his thrilling 
experiences during those stormy years. After his return from the war in 1865, he 
was for a few months in charge of St. Patrick's congregation. South Bend. He 
paid the debt on the church, finished and furnished a parochial residence and was the 
first Catholic pastor that ever resided in that city. Father Sorin and the chapter of 
the Order of the Holy Cross, determined to utilize Father Corby's rare executive 
ability by electing him, in 1865, vice-president of the University of Notre Dame, 
with Rev. P.- Dillon as president. The old members of the faculty used to say the 
two made a "strong team." With great energy the old college of 1842-53 was 
«oon changed into the noble building destroyed by fire in 1879. Before the students 
were ont of the house at the close of the year, June, 1865, the main building and 
the wings were unroofed and later all the inside partitions and floors were taken out, 
leaving nothing except some outer walls. When the students returned the follow- 
ing September they found an imposing edifice 185x85 feet and six stories high, 
ready for class work, although in an unfinished condition. That year there was an 
entrance of over 500 students, not including the boys from the manual labor school 
or seminary. The following year Father Corby was elected president with Father 
Augustus Lemonnieras vice-president There was a debt on the institution of $97,- 
000 and an unfinished building to be completed. In less than five years this debt was 
paid and $80,000 besides expended on improvements. One of the first acts of 
Father Corby's administration was to remove to old Exhibition Hall to a more 
suitable site and enlarge the play ground from two acres to twenty-five acres, as they 
are at present. He founded the Notre Dame Scholastic, then called the Scho- 
lastic Year. The first number was published September 7, 1877, good Father 
Gillespie acting as editor. He engaged several persons to draw up a general plan 
for all the college grounds, according to which future buildings should be erected. 
Two plans were particularly good, one by the Bev. James Dillon. C. S. C and the 
other by Rev. J. C. Carrier, C. S. C. , were submitted to the council. After discussing 
the merits of each. Father Dillon's plan, modified by Father Carrier's idea, was 
adopted. It is on this plan that all the principal buildings have since been erected. 
During Father Corby's administration the law department was established and the 
scientific department commenced under the direction of Rev. J. C. Carrier, one of 
the ablest scientists of our day. Steps were also taken to found a medical depart- 
ment, with Rev. Louis Neron as dean. In 1868 a General Chapter of the Order of 
the Holy Cross held in Rome elected Father Corby provincial for the United States 
in place of Very Rev. Father Sorin, elected superior general of the order through- 
out the world. This office Father Corby held with that of president of Notre 



212 PICTORIAL AyD BIOGRAPHICAL 

Dame until 1872, when another general chapter elected him to establish a branch 
institution at Watertown, Wis. After founding the College of the Sacred Heart, 
now in a flourishing condition under the presidency of Father O'Keefe, C. S. C. , 
and building one of the largest churches in that State, he was, in 1877, re-elected 
president of Notre Dame, and shortly after provincial for the second time. Much 
energy was now in demand. Father Corby began his work by naming Rev. Thomas 
E. Walsh vice-president and director of studies, and Rev. Christopher Kelly prefect 
of discipline. Everyone worked hard and the college affairs brightened up for a 
while, until April 23, 1879, when the grand old college, with many other buildings, 
was reduced to ashes. The loss was more than a quarter of a million dollars, not 
counting priceless treasurers of art and science. No time could be lost, so all the 
students and faculty were called to the church, about the only building left stand- 
ing, and there Father Corby, with old-time war courage, made a bold, inspiring 
speech, telling all to return the following September, that classes would be 
resumed in a new building far superior to the one then in ashes. Then he 
sent the students to their homes and rushed to Chicago to engage architects. 
Men and teams were put to work before the fire was entirely extinguished. It took 
ninety men and thirty teams several weeks to remove the debris, dig up the old 
foundations, "not a stone of which was left upon a stone. " Finally Mr. Edbrook, 
the famous Chicago architect, now inspecting architect for the United States Gov- 
ernment, arrived with plans for the new college and in ninety days after the corner- 
stone was laid, the class rooms were thrown open on the first Tuesday of September, 
1879; thus the promise made by Father Corby on the day of the fire was literally 
fulfilled. For the construction of the new building seven brick yards were bought up 
and 350 mechanics and laboring men were employed. Students flocked to Notre 
Dame from all parts of the country, and the university commenced a new era of 
prosperity. Father Corby continued in the presidency until 1881, when his services 
were again demanded at Watertown, Wis. The debt on the lately established branch 
house having increased, he was obliged to return and help put the establishment on 
a better footing. With considerable vigor he nearly wiped out a debt of $22,000- 
and built a fine new parochial residence. In 1885 he was for the third time called 
to fill the office of provincial, which he held until August, 1892, when the General 
Chapter of the order re-elected him provincial superior of the United States and 
first assistant general for the entire world. Father Corby's natural disposition is 
mild, but with his military experience and his subsequent experience in administra- 
tion, he cultivated, as duty demanded, the quality of firmness. This added to his 
genial disposition, makes him a general favorite. He is one of the most charitable and 
kind-hearted of men, sincere in his friendships and devotedly attached to the society 
of which he is a member. He never forgets a kindness and never stoops to resent 
an injury. Assisted as he is by cheerful, intelligent and willing confreres, who all 
love him, his work gives satisfaction to everyone. As may be seen from the above 
sketch, he is an intelligent organizer and possesses more than ordinary executive 
ability. 

Rev. Benjamin Scheock. TLiis gentleman comes of a good old family of German 
extraction, that was highly honored and respected in the "Keystone State." It is 
a true observation that " There is no royal road to fortune," and this just statement 
is fully verified by a study of the lives of the pioneer farmers of Indiana. When 
such a man as Benjamin Schrock starts out as he did, with no pecuniary help and 
with no fortune except good health, robust strength, and yet succeeds in securing 
a fine property and that degree of competence which allows him to retire from 
business and live in comfort, it can be realized that the old saying has not outgrown 
its lease of life. The paternal grandfather of Benjamin Schrock came from Zwei- 
brucken, Rhenish Bavaria, Germany, in 1780 to America in search of a for- 
tune, settling in Huntington county, Penn. At that time he was the father of 
three children: Jacob, Barbara and Catherine, but his wife bore him three sons and 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAJ^A. 21S 

one daughter after their settlement in this country: Andrew, John, David and 
Elizabeth. Mr. Schrock's expectations of realizing a fortune in this country were 
not realized, and he had a hard struggle for many years to keep the wolf from the 
door. He attained the advanced age of four-score years, a member of the Mennonite 
Church, dying at the home of his son, John Schrock. in Holmes county, Ohio, where 
his wife also spent her declining years. John Schrock, their son, was a product 
of Pennsylvania, his birth occurring May 6, 1779, and about 1815, in the early days 
of Ohio he went to that State and carved out a home for himself and family ia the 
wilderness. Hordes of Indians roamed over the country at that time, and although 
their lives and property were at various times threatened, they escaped better than 
the majority of early settlers and continued to prosper in spite of adverse circum- 
stances. He became a substantial farmer of the section in which he settled, and 
gave each of his children a good start in life. He was honorable and upright in 
character, kind and considerate in his family, a faithful friend, an accommodating 
neighbor, and on February 16, 1858, died as he had lived, an earnest Christian, having 
attained to the age of sixty-eight years nine months and ten days. His wife was 
born February 11, 1797, and bore her husband the following children: Elizabeth, 
Benjamin, Abraham, Barbara, Magdalena and Susannah. Benjamin Schrock, a 
member of this family, was bom February 22, 1819, but owing to his father's 
straitened circumstances he was compelled to labor industriously on the farm during 
the summer months, and his chances for obtaining an education were only such as 
could be obtained while attending school irregularly during the winter seasons. 
He was married in Holmes county, Ohio, to Miss Mary Stutzman, daughter of 
Jonas and Magdalena (Garber) Stutzman, soon after which, as he was a young man 
of pushing energy and ambition, the chances of the West became a temptation that 
could not be resisted, and he determined to make a home for himself on a portion of 
the Indian Reserve. He settled on an uncleared farm in Miami county, Ind. , but at 
the end of thirteen years settled three miles north of Goshen, on Pine Creek, then 
in Clinton township, Elkhart county, and six years later, or in 1878. he took up his 
abode on his present fine farm of 200 acres in Middlebury township. He has 
always been an industrious, hard-working man, and has earned his present fine prop- 
erty by the sweat of his brow. His liberal views, unquestioned honesty and rugged 
common sense have given him an influence far beyond that possessed by many more 
pretentious and prominent men. He has lived a quiet life, looking after the posses- 
sions which a life of industry has secured him, and is in the enjoyment of a comfort- 
able, refined and pleasant home. He has been the architect of his own fortunes, 
and success has been won through hardships and severe toil. For thirty-eight years 
he was a bishop of the Amish Church, but for the past forty years he has been a 
minister of that denomination, and a member of the church for fifty years. He is a 
believer in good schools, and has ever been liberal in the use of his means, and has 
never been guilty of turning one from his door who was really in need of his aid. 
He has always supported the principles of Democracy. His union with Miss Stutz- 
man has resulted in the birth of eleven children: Abraham is a farmer and black- 
smith of Clinton township, Elkhart county, was married to Miss Sarah Miller, by 
whom he has four children; Jacob B. is a farmer of Kosciusko county, Ind., is 
married to Matilda Ricks, and is the father of four children; John, a farmer of 
Fillmore county. Neb., is married to Anna Garber, and has three children; Annie, 
Elizabeth and Susannah are at home; Benjamin F. is a farmer of Middlebury town- 
ship, is married to Alice Miller, and has two children; Daniel is also a fanner of 
this township, is married to Anna M. Yoder; Absalom is a carpenter of Anderson, 
Ind., and is married to Etta MiUer; Mary M. . who is a school teacher in Nebraska, 
and William, who is a farmer of Fillmore county. Neb., is married to Hannah 
Toder, by whom he has seven children. 

John Walmer, Middlebury, Elkhart Co. , Ind. The philosophy of success in 
life is an interesting study. In whatever pursuit individual effort is directed, it 



214 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

should be entered with a theoretical knowledge acquired at the proper Bchools, 
followed by a practical application, to prepare one to successfully assume responsibil- 
ities that follow. In choosing a pursuit in life, taste, mental gifts, opportunity and 
disposition of labor should be considered, as every young man, who has any amljition 
to become a respectable and useful citizen, desires to succeed therein. A narrative 
of success in life affords a lesson from which others can profit. On his father's farm 
in Lebanon county, Penn. , there was bom on the 26th of September, 1817, a boy 
who grew up to sturdy manhood, ambitious to excel in the pursuit of his choice, and 
this boy was John Walmer. As he grew to manhood he became thoroughly con- 
versant with pretty much all kinds of farm labor and evinced a fondness for agricult- 
ural pursuits which he has carried with him through life. He received few oppor- 
tunities for the acquirement of an education, but through his own persistency learned 
to read in the German Testament and the Psalter, but acquired no knowledge of 
arithmetic or English except what he obtained in later years by mixing unreservedly 
with his fellows and in conducting the business affairs of life. He only learned to 
count after he had attained man's estate, by splitting rails by the hundred — a rough 
but most thorough school. The first work which he did for himself was at clearing 
land and mauling rails, and in a still-house, but the June following his marriage, 
which occurred February 11, 1844, and was to Miss Magdalena Hoff, he and his 
young wife removed to Wayne county, Ind., through the Black Swamp of Ohio, and 
settled one mile south of his present farm, which at first consisted of eighty acres. He 
labored hard to clear this land and in time added eighty acres more, which he tilled 
with great diligence during the summer months. His spare moments during the 
winters were devoted to the making of brooms; in fact, he gladly turned his hand 
to any employment that offered remuneration. Since 1864 he has resided on his 
present farm and is now the owner of 286 acres of good farming land, a water 
saw-mill and two good lots in Elkhart, on one of which is erected a store and 
on the other a frame residence and stable. Mr. Walmer has been a very strong 
man physically, with an iron constitution, or he could never have borne the hard 
labor he has undergone. It would be difficult to speak too strongly of the useful- 
ness of his life, for he has used his talents wisely and well, and in his active life he 
has found time to embellish his mind with a fund of general wisdom. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Walmer the following children have been born : Amanda E. , born Februaiy 2, 
1845, married Aaron Work, township trustee, who resides in Elkhart. They have 
three children: Luetta, George and John, the eldest of whom, Luetta, married 
William Barger, a box manufacturer, by whom she has one child, Everet, a great- 
grand-daughter of Mr. Walmer. The latter' s second child and only son, John F., 
was born July 2, 1850, remains with his father and is a practical farmer. The 
mother of these children died August 1 1, 1887, at the age of sixty-eight years. Mr. 
Walmer has an adopted daughter, Idella J. Poorbaugh, who has lived in the family 
since she was eight years of age. She is a member of the German Reformed 
Church, of which Mr. Walmer is also a member, although his wife was a Lutheran. 
Politically he is a Democrat. He comes of an old Pennsylvania family, members of 
which have been residents of the "Keystone State." George Walmer, the father 
of the subject of this sketch, was a blacksmith by trade and owned a small farm of 
forty-five acres. He was married in Pennsylvania to Miss Sarah Fisher and to them 
were born six children: Joseph George, John, Lydia, Catherine and Elizabeth. 
The mother died when her son, John, was a small boy, and the father afterward 
espoused Catherine Shney, nee Miller, who died April 7, 1877, at the age of ninety 
years, after having borne Mr. Walmer three children: Mariah, Mattie and Benjamin. 
Mr. Walmer settled on a farm in Wayne county, Ohio, in 1836, on which he spent 
the remainder of his days, dying at the age of sixty-eight years, Febniary 10, 1856. 
He was in comfortable circumstances and was a man of unblemished reputation. 
The wife of John Walmer was a daughter of George and Catherine (Hess) Hoff, the 
former of whom was a blacksmith and a substantial farmer. They became the par- 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 215 

eiit3 of the following children: Michael, Levi, George, David, Magdalena, Catharine, 
Ann, Christena, Mary and Rebecca. Mr. Ho£f died on his farm in Wayne county, 
Ohio, December 17, 1865, at the age of seveuty-sii years, his widow surviving him 
until March 5, 1873, dying at the age of seventy-sii years. 

Joseph E. Mulligan. Among the sons of Pennsylvania who have brought with 
them to this western land the sturdy habits of independence, integrity and industry 
which have ever marked the natives of the Keystone State, it is a pleasure to name 
Mr. Mulligan, whose beautiful and well-tilled farm of 136 acres (twelve of which is 
in timber), is located within the confines of Clay township. Mr. Mulligan's native 
county was Crawford, where he was born August 2, 1851, to Patrick and Elizabeth 
(Dosvuey) Mulligan, who were natives of County Cavan, Ireland, the birth of the 
father occurring in 1801. He was brought up to a farm life in his native land and 
about the year 1828 was married to Elizabeth Dovraey. He crossed the ocean to 
America in 1847, and settled in Crawford county, Penn., where he made his home 
until the fall of 1851, when the family removed to near Dayton, Mich., and there 
spent the following year. At the end of this time they settled in the southeast part 
of Berrien county, near the line of Cass county, Mich., but in 1859 came to St. Jo- 
seph county, Ind., and took up their residence in Clay township, near Notre Dame. 
In 1864 they settled on the place where the son Joseph E. now resides, in Section 13 
where Mr. Mulligan lived until his death, April 4, 1883. His wife survived him 
until April 24, 1883, when she, too, paid the last debt of nature. She presented 
her husband with eight children: Catherine, Owen, Patrick, Ann, Margaret, Mary 
(deceased), Elizabeth and Joseph E. Although Mr. Mulligan was born in Penn- 
sylvania, the greater portion of his life has been spent in St Joseph county, Ind., as 
he was but eight years of age when his parents came to Clay township. He was 
educated in the public schools of the township, and during the many years that he 
has spent in this section the people have had every opportunity to know and judge 
his character and qualifications and naught has ever been said derogatory to either. 
He has devoted his life to farming and in this occupation has been deservedly suc- 
cessful, and is now in command of a comfortable competency. On May 27, 1884 
he was married to Miss Ellen Haney, who was born April 24, 1862, in Springfield, 
III. , the daughter of Patrick and Elizabeth (Stipes) Haney, the former a native of 
Ireland, and the latter of Illinois. The following children have been born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Mulligan: Joseph, Edward, Elizabeth, Leo and George. Mr. and Mrs. 
Mulligan are members of the Catholic Church, and the men and measures of the 
Democrat party have always received Mr. Mulligan's support. 

Solomon M. Kauftman. The success which has attended the efforts of Mr. 
Kanffman as an agriculturist is by no means a matter of chance, nor was he in 
any sense an especial favorite of fortune, for when he started out in life he began 
at the lowest round of the ladder. In his case fortune smiled upon him because of 
his untiring efforts, his close and intelligent application to the ordinary affairs of 
life, and his thrift and enterprise, which were of a character to merit success under 
any circumstances and in any field of labor. He was born in Holmes county, Ohio, 
September 20, 1837, being one of the following family of children: Mary, Martha 
Jonas, Jacob, Solomon, Fannie, Elizabeth. Lydia, Joseph, Rebecca, Moses and John. 
The father of this somewhat numerous family was Moses Kauffman, and their mother 
was Lydia, daughter of John Plank. Both Mr. and Mrs. Kauffman were of Penn- 
sylvania Dutch stock, and for many years the father was a fanner of Somerset 
county, Penn. , and supported his family comfortably, but they never counted on 
being supplied with many of the luxuries of life. Moses Kanffman removed to the 
wilds of Ohio when a young man; was married in Holmes county, and without any 
very considerable resources, they settled down to the business of making the best 
of their opportunies, and getting ahead in the world as rapidly as possible, and 
turned their attention to tilling the soil as a sure means of gaining a livlihood. 
After making a few changes they finally came to Elkhart county, Ind., and since^ 



:216 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

1851 have been residents of Middlebury township, where they at one time owned 
280 acres of fine farming land. Being a minister of the Amish-Mennonite Church, 
he reared his children carefully and upon his death in his sixty-eighth year he had 
the unbounded satisfaction of knowingthat they had attained honorable manhood and 
womanhood. The early members of his family were persecuted in Germany on account 
of their religious principles, but upon an invitation from William Penn they sought 
an asylum in the New World and carved a home for themselves in " Penn's Wood- 
land." The family has grown with the country's growth and has contributed much 
to the thrift, the industry and the prosperity of this country. Solomon M. KaufF- 
man was about fourteen years of age when he became a resident of Elkhart county, 
Ind. , and as much of his time during the years of his boyhood was occupied with 
tasks set him by his parents, who believed in industrial training, his education was 
only such as he was able to obtain in the common schools. However, he was enterpris- 
ing and ambitious, and with indomitable energy and determination, qualities which 
he, no doubt, inherited from his sturdy Dutch ancestors, began laying the founda- 
tions for a successful future, and in the field of agriculture he has made the best 
use of his talents. He now has a fine and well-kept farm of 203 acres, on which is 
a substantial brick residence with good farm buildings of all descriptions. Novem- 
ber 29, 1866, he was married in Millersburg to Miss Catherine Speicher, who was 
born March 8, 1840, soon after which he settled in the southern part of Middlebury 
township, where he made his home for seven years, then came to his present farm, 
which at that time consisted of 123 acres. To Mr. and Mrs. Kauffman the follow- 
ing children have been born: Charles E., born December 10, 1867; Frank E., De- 
cember 20, 1876; Emma D., May 10. 1879; Cora M., September 8, 1873; Mary E., 
May 24, 1872; Fred L., born JuJy 10, 1882, died February 13, 1884. Mr. 
and Mrs. Kauffman and three of their children are members of the Lutheran 
Church, to the building of which he was a liberal contributor and is now one of its 
most generous supports. He stands high as an honorable and useful member of 
society, and has always been an earnest supporter and patron of educational institu- 
tions. His son, Cbarles E. , is one of the reputable and successful teachers of this 
county and is at present attending Valparaiso Normal College; Mary E. is an 
accomplished musician, has at present a class of fourteen music scholars, and is the 
■organist in the Lutheran Church. Mrs. Kauffman is a daughter of Jonathan and 
Eliza (Tergin) Speicher, both of whom were members of old German families who 
have been known in the history of Pennsylvania for many generations back. When 
a young man Mr. Speicher removed to Wayne county, Ohio, where he married and 
is stiU living at the advanced age of eighty-five years. He is a member of the Ger- 
man Reformed Church and has always been an honest man and a law-abiding citi- 
zen. His wife, who died on the 7th of April, 1842, bore him five children: Mary 
A., Frances, David, Catherine and Eliza. In 1846 he married Mrs. Elizabeth Smith, 
by whom he became the father of five more children: Harriet. Eebecca, Rosanna, 
William and Emily. The mother of these children was blind for fourteen years of 
her life and is now deceased. For the past thirty-six years Mr. Kauffman has fol- 
lowed the calling of a thresher in Elkhart county and in the winter runs a portable 
saw-mill, which is in active operation the most of the time and has proven a valua- 
ble source of revenue. He is universally esteemed by his friends and associates for 
his integrity and good citizenship, and he has done his full share toward promoting 
the commercial, social and religions development of his section. 

JoKN Redmond. Many of the best known farmers and residents of St. Joseph 
county, Ind. , have been born in the Emerald Isle, and this is the case with Mr. 
Redmond, for to county Wexford, Ireland, he owes his nativity, his birth occurring 
on November 12, 1822. His parents, William and Catherine (Berry) Redmond, 
were also born in Ireland, but the family originally came from England. William 
Redmond was reared on the Isle of Erin and there followed the calling of plow 
maker. Lawrence, the father of William,wa8 a farmer. The marriage of William Red- 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 217 

moad resulted in the birth of five children : Patrick, John, James, Mary and Catherine. 
John Redmond was reared on a farm in his native land and to that occupation has 
devoted his life. He was married in Ireland to Alice Summer8,and their union resulted 
in the birth of one child: Edward. Mrs. Redmond died in Ireland, and in 1856 
Mr. Redmond came to America and at once turned his footsteps in the direction of 
St. Joseph county, Ind. , and for several years made his home with his brother-in-law, 
Edward Summers, in Olive township near Carlisle. On May 30, 1861, he was mar- 
ried to Catherine Layden, who was born in County Clare, Ireland, January 6, 1849, 
and came to America with her parents, Patrick and Mary (Kirby) Layden, when 
about thirteen years of age. The Layden family settled on a farm near HiUsdale, 
Mich., where the father spent the remainder of his days, dying October 25, 1891. 
His wife died in Ireland when her daughter Catherine was about six years old, and 
the mother of Mr. Layden came to America and reared his two little daughters, the 
other child's name being Julia. After Mr. Redmond's marriage he located in Clay 
township, St. Joseph Co., Ind., and there they have since made their home. In 
November, 1876, Mr. Redmond purchased the farm where he now lives, which con- 
sists, at the present time, of 115 acres, about one hundred of which are under cul- 
tivation. This place is well conducted and shows that a man of thrift and intelli- 
gence has the management of affairs. Mr. Redmond and his family are members 
of the Catholic Church. In politics Mr. Redmond is a Democrat. He is a man of 
sound judgment; is energetic, charitable and liberal, and is considered by all a 
decided acquisition to the section in which he resides. He and hia wife have four 
children: James L,born May 10, 1862; William B., born July 19, 1864; John P., 
born March 18, 1868, and Mary C, born August 7, 1873. The second son, William 
B. , was married February 27, 1890, to Martha Akers, who was born April 2, 1891, 
in Hardin county, Ky., a daughter of George W. and Ann (White) Akers. Mr. and 
Mrs. Redmond are the parents of two children: Alma, bom February 2, 1891, and 
Mary, bom May 6, 1892. William B. and his wife reside in Senora, Ky., and are 
engaged in tilling the soiL James I., the eldest son of John, is the present assessor 
of Clay township, being elected to that office in the spring of 1890, for four years on 
the Democratic ticket. This is one of the worthy families of the county, each and 
every member of which is well known and highly respected. 

J'. H. Myeks, Middlebury, Ind. It is a pleasure to chronicle the history of a man 
whose life has been one of honor and usefulness, and although he has considerably 
passed the zenith of his career, Mr. Myers has accumulated a fortune that enables 
him to enjoy to the fullest extent the true comforts of a home that is made beautiful 
by the sweet spirit of kindliness and mutual appreciation among the members of the 
family. He comes of good oid Pennsylvania Dutch stock, and is descended from 
one of the early colonial families that have for generations been residents of York 
county, Penn. The paternal grandfather, Conrad Myers, was bom in that county, 
and like the most of the male members of his family, became a well-to-do farmer 
and miller, and lived to attain the age of seventy years. Jacob R. Myers, his son 
and the father of the subject of this sketch, was born and reared on his father's 
farm in York county, Penn., and like a true son of his father became a tiller of the 
soil when thrown upon his own resources. He acquired a practical education in the 
German language in the common schools of his vicinity, and upon reaching man's 
estate was married to Lydia, daughter of Andrew Utz, also a native of York county 
and of Dutch descent. To this union a good old-fashioned family of thirteen 
children was born, two of whom died in infancy, the rest reaching maturity: Jesse H. 
(the subject), Elizabeth, John B. , Andrew, Samuel, Levi, Daniel, Hiram, Moses, 
Aaron and Frank. In 1832, with the ambition, courage and sturdy manhood which 
have always been distinguishing characteristics of American pioneers, he pushed into 
Stark county, Ohio, in search of land upon which to make a settlement and located 
on a farm four miles South of Canton, where he made his home until 1853, when 
Elkhart, Ind. , became the scene of his labors. He became the fortunate possessor 



218 PICTORIAL A^D BIOGRAPHICAL 

of a fine, arable farm of 200 acres, on which he passed the remainder of his days, 
dving at the age of sixty-two years in 1868. Like the majority of agriculturists he 
was hard-working aud hoaeat, and left a valuable estate to his heirs. Politically a 
stanch Democrat, he was a very strong Union man during the war, and gave two 
of his sons to assist in protecting the Union, both of whom served three years in 
the Seventy fourth Indiana Regiment, and were in several battles, among which was 
Lookout Mountain. They miraculously escaped wounds and sickness and returned 
home able-bodied men. Their mother was a member of the Dnnkard Church. 
Jesse H. Myers, the subject of this sketch, first saw the light of day on his father's 
farm in York county, Penn., June 18, 1826, and owing to his early removal to Ohio 
where schools were few and far between, and even then not of the best quality, 
his education was limited to the three R.'s, — "readin', 'ritin' and 'rithmetic." He 
early learned the details of farming which was conducted in the old-fashioned way; 
the grain being tramped out by horses on the barn floor. Eventually Mary, 
daughter of Adam and Elizabeth (Albright) Oberlin. became his wife, their union 
being consummated in Stark county, Ohio, to which section her parents came from 
Lancaster county, Penn. , when the country was a wilderness inhabited by the red 
man and infested by numerous wild animals. However, Mr. Oberlin wielded his 
axe to some purpose and finally became the owner of a valuable farm, dying on the 
same at the ripe old age of eighty years. To Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Myers four 
children were born: William H., January 19, 1850; Emma B., September 26, 1851; 
Edward L., April 24, 1862, and Kate A., October 19, 1866. In 1855 Mr. Myers came 
with his family to Elkhart county, and purchased a good farm one mile west of 
Middlebury, which he has greatly improved and which has since been his home. 
Everything alx)ut his place is in harmony, for each nook and cranny of fields, 
fences and barns is well kept, neat and attractive, speaking well for the management 
of the owner, who looks beyond the work of the moment and the gain of the moment 
to tbe future. His farm is well adapted to the raising of stock, for it is well 
watered, and to this branch of agriculture Mr. Myers has given considerable atten- 
tion. His wife died November 16, 1887, a devout member of the Lutheran Church, 
and October 18, 1888, Mr. Myers took for his second wife Mrs. Sarah Fulton, 
widow of Dr. J. H. Fulton, of Otsego, Mich., by whom she became the mother of 
two children: Nellie, wife of Matthew L. De Wolf, a station agent of San Antonio, 
Texas, and Frank. Mrs. Myers was the daughter of Mereon and Elizabeth (Quack- 
enbnsh) Fox, the former of whom was a member of an old American family of 
English descent, whose wife bore him twelve children, seven of whom lived to 
mature years: Arthur, Ralph, Sarah, Fannie, Henry, Albert and James. Albert, 
Arthur and Henry were soldiers in the Civil war, and the first mentioned, who was 
a soldier in the Twenty-ninth Indiana Regiment, was killed at the battle of Chick- 
amauga; and Henrv, who was in the Thirteenth Michigan, was killed in the battle 
of Murfreesboro. Mr. and Mrs. Fox were members of the Presbyterian Church of 
Lima, and were substantial and upright farmers. Mr. Myers is a member of the 
Lutheran Church, and held the office of trustee and elder for three years, and has 
been superintendent of the Sunday-school for the past seven years. He has given 
his children crood educations, for he recognized the fact that a good education is 
rather to be desired than great riches, and his son Edward is teaching a graded 
school at Burlington, Kan. Mr. Myers is well contented with his lot in life, for he 
is in comfortable circumstances and holds a high place in the estimation of his 
fellows as an honorable, straightforward man. January 27, 1892, a reunion of 
the Myers family was held at the residence of J. H. Myers, and nine stalwart 
brothers and one sister once more gathered at the same board, for the first time in 
thirty-five years. Forty members of the family were present, and the occasion will 
long be remembered. The eldest son of J. H. Myers, William R, was married to 
Annie Balyeat, by whom he has one child, he is residing on an excellent farm 
criven him by his father in Middlebury township; Emma married Isaiah Goodyear, 




^7\yY^ yt^ti'Vh^ 



ilEHOIRS OF INDIANA. 221 

a farmer of Clinton township; Edward L. married Jennie Smith, by whom he has 
three children; and Katie is married to Charles Wehmeyer, a real estate and 
insurance agent of Goshen, Ind. 

Dr. C. C. Baumgartner, physician and surgeon of Elkhart, Ind., is successfully 
engaged in practicing, a calling which is perhaps the most trying on brain and body 
of any in the field of science. He is one of the busiest of this busy class of men, 
and is well equipped and fully prepared to meet any professional demands that may 
be made upon him, and has met with flattering success from the start. He was 
burn in the canton of Berne, Switzerland, February 2, 1842, a son of John and 
Catherine (Lehman) Baumgartner, the former of whom was born in Switzerland, 
and there passed from life. His widow survives him and is a resident of Bluffton. 
Ind. She bore her husband two children: John J., who joined the Fourth Indiana 
Volunteers and died in Andersonville prison, and C. C, who was ten years of ag» 
when he left his native country. He took passage for this country on a sailing ves- 
sel for Havre de Grace, and after an ocean voyage of forty-two days landed at New 
York City. His mother, brother and some other relatives came at the same time, 
and he, with his immediate relatives, located in Adams county, Ind., and in the pub- 
lic schools of that and Wells county he acquired a fair practical education. Until 
eighteen years of age his attention was given to farming, but at that age he began, 
the study of medicine at Akron and Cleveland, Ohio, and graduated from a medical 
institution of the latter place in the spring of 1861. He at once entered upon the 
practice of his profession in Wayne county, Ohio, but about seven years later became 
a practitioner of Adams county, Ind., where he continued to devote his talents to 
healing the sick and afflicted for seven years. He then gave up attending to the 
physical wants of his fellow creatures and began looking after their spiritual welfare, 
and for three years was a member of the Evangelical Association at Wabash City, 
and one year in Elkhart, Ind. His scholarly attainments, eloquence and earnest- 
ness soon made him a power in church circles, and for eight years he acted in the 
capacity of presiding elder, fom' years being spent in Indianapolis and four years 
in the Elkhart District. He became well known for his earnestness and zeal, and 
his discourses were considered able, eloquent and of a most convincing order. Dur- 
ing his last term as a presiding elder he was crippled by an accident, after which he 
located in Elkhart, again took up the medical profession, and is successfully pursuinor 
this honorable calling. During his residence in this city he has won manv friends 
by his straightforward, gentlemanly and courteous conduct, and his earnest support 
and connection with everything tending to the welfare and progress of the citv and 
section, especially in church matters, has done much toward making him the popu- 
lar and respected citizen he now is. In 1863 he was married to iVIiss B. C. Leh- 
man, by whom he has three sons: William H., Albert J. and Keuben A., all of whom 
are residents of Elkhart. Dr. and Mrs. Baumgartner have a very comfortable and 
pleasant home where they dispense a refined and generous hospitality. Albert J., 
their second son, is now taking his tirst course of lectures in Rush Medical College 
at Chicago; Reuben A. is clerk in the district passenger office of (he Big Four Rail- 
road, and William H. is a carriage trimmer in Pratt's Carriage W jrks in Elkhart. 

George D. Mather is a prominent farmer, residing in the vicinity of Middle- 
bury, Ind., and is descended from a distinguished colonial Puritan familv, who 
were among the founders of the early New England churches, and have been promi- 
nent as clergymen, statesmen and lawyers for generations. For the early history of 
this family see the sketch of J. R. Mather, of Elkhart, Ind. The grandfather of 
George D. was Jonathan Mather, son of Samuel, and was bom in New Jersey, July 
4, 1787, and died December 30, 1860. He married Anna Bishop, of West Hamp- 
ton, N. J., in 1809, and by her was the father of ten children: iVIary, born Decem- 
ber, ISIO; David B. , born Jtme 8, 1812; a son who died in infancy; Phcebe, born 
September. 1816; Lydia Ann, born February 22, 1819; Jonathan R.,born May 25, 
1S21; Caroline M., born December, 1827; Irene A., bom May 1, 1823; Joseph H., 



382 PICTORIAL AlfD BIOGRAPHICAL 

born June 14, 1825, and Ira L. David B. Mather was born in Orange county, N. 
Y. , was principally self-educated and became a good mathematician. He was 
married in his native county to Melissa, daughter of Jonathan Sayer, a farmer of 
that county. To David B. Mather and his wife five children were born: Jonathan 
S., Mary, Charles, Joseph and George. In June, 1837, Mr. Mather came to Elk- 
hart county, Ind., having previously entered land in Middlebnry township, now 
occupied by Jonathan S. Mather. He brought his family thither in the fall of 1837 
and cleared a farm from the forest, to which by thrift and industry he added until 
he finally accumulated 2,100 acres. Upon first coming to Middlebury he engaged 
in the mercantile business, but this venture did not prove successfuL When a 
young man he had traveled with the famous Van Amburg show, and had learned to 
auctioneer and to keep track of his sales in his head, and thus became an expert. 
After his mercantile experience he became an auctioneer and for years traveled 
extensively throughout northern Indiana, selling stocks of goods, etc. ; was also col- 
lector for Eastern firms, and in this way did a large business. He was a very ener- 
getic man and read law after reaching middle life, and practiced law in the justice's 
courts throughout the county, becoming the legal adviser for many of the pioneer 
settlers. At first he was an old line Whig, but afterward became a Kepublican, 
being one of the founders of that party in Elkhart county, the principles of which 
he espoused in many a stump speech. He was a man of moral worth and integrity 
of character. He was a large land holder, having much of it under cultivation, and 
possessing a strong constitution and active mind, he kept his varied interests all in 
good working order. He was an extensive dealer in stock, one of the largest in 
northern Indiana, and in all matters was wide awake, enterprising and pushing. 
He gave all his children good educations, and taught them in the practical affairs of 
life. He was essentially a seK-made man, and became well educated through his 
own mental efforts and the varied experiences through which he passed. He lived 
to be fifty years of age, but unfortunately had greatly injured his health by his travels, 
exposure and the arduous duties of his life, which greatly shortened his career. 

Geoeqe D. Mather, his son, was born on the old Mather homestead June 21, 
1859, and received a good education in the Middlebnry High School, from which he 
graduated, afterward attending the commercial college at Kalamazoo, Mich. He 
then clerked for his brother, C. S. Mather, in Middlebury for two years. On Sep- 
tember 1, 1880, he married Minnie B., daughter of John K. and Lydia J. (Brown) 
Burridge, the former of whom was born in Braintree, Vt. , and was drowned in Lake 
Michigan September 7, 1868. He was the owner of a fine fruit farm at Benton 
Harbor, Mich., and socially was a member of the A. F. & A. M. He was the father 
of four children: Minnie B., George E. L., William S. and Lola N. After marriage 
Mr. Mather settled on the good farms which he inherited from his father, and which 
now contain 264 acres of land within the corporation of Middlebury. He has 
erected a fine two-story residence of brick and stone at a cost of $6,500, the con- 
struction taking place in 1883. It is very beautiful, and does credit to Mr. Mather's 
taste for the fitness of things and for the beautiful. He also has fine barns. He 
and his wife have one child, Lola Mabel, bom December 12, 1881. Since his 
marriage, Mr. Mather has extensively engaged in farming and stockraising, and has a 
herd of fine Jersey cows. He has been quite an extensive traveler, has visited aU 
the Eastern States and cities and points of interest, as well as Chicago, Kansas City, 
and other Western points. He is a stanch Republican, as his father was before 
him, and he and bis wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He is 
a public -spirited gentleman, in favor of all enterprises for the good of his section, 
and to this end gives liberally of his means. His traveling experiences, in which 
he took great interest, have added to his general information and contributed to 
make him one of the most intelligent and practical men of his section. He is 
essentially a man of his word, and his honor is unimpeachable. 

Dr. William N. Ash, of Middlebury, Ind., possesses a thorough knowledge of 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 223 

the principles underlying the practice of medicine, and familiarity with the most 
approved methods of treating the various ailments which the physician is called 
upon to prescribe for in a general practice; but these are not his only accomplish- 
ments, for to these he has added, by close observation and the exercise of native 
tact, a broad knowledge of mankind in all that the term implies. There is a sun- 
shine in his presence which penetrates and disperses the gloom hanging about the 
chronic sufferer, and his hearty greeting, coupled with generous sympathy, has a 
•very beneficial result in the sick room. He comes of sterling Scotch and Irish 
ancestry, for his great-grandfather came from the north of Ireland and settled in 
Somerset county, Penn., where David, the grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
was born on a farm, married, and became the father of eight children: Jacob, 
David, William, Josiah, Catherine, Elizabeth, Betsey and Aaron. Mr. Ash passed 
all the active years of his life on the farm, but his declining years were spent at 
Butler, Ind., where he died at the age of eighty-four years, having been an earnest 
member of the Evangelical Church and a man of high integrity. His son, Josiah, 
father of Dr. WUIiam N. Ash, was born on the old homestead in Somerset county, 
Penn., June 21, 1814, and received such education as the common schools of his day 
permitted. He was married to Nancy, daughter of John Beidler, a wealthy fanner 
of Dutch stock, who was born in Virginia, but removed with his family, consisting 
of a wife and three childien: John, Nancy and Matilda, to Ohio, and died on his 
farm in Holmes county at the patriarchal age of ninety-seven years, a member of the 
Church of God. He possessed a fine physique, was six feet in hight, well propor- 
tioned and possessed an iron constitution. He was temperate in all things, was well 
known for his high moral attributes and for his honorable traits of character. After 
his marriage Josiah Ash took up his residence on a farm in Stark county, Ohio, but 
after a few years removed to Wayne county, of which he was one of the pioneer set- 
tlers. He cleared up a farm in each of these places, and being a man of great 
strength he did a vast amount of hard work, and was a useful pioneer settler of 
Ohio. In 1879 he retired from active life, and now resides with a daughter in 
Ashland, Ohio. He became the father of twelve children, six boys and six girls: 
John, Cyrus, Mary, Martha, Joseph S., Samantha, Ellen, Amanda, Levi V., Agues, 
William N. and Elmer E. Mr. Ash became the owner of 300 acres of land by per- 
sistent industry; in politics was a Democrat, and he and his estimable wife were 
members of the Church of God. He was a man of very independent disposition, 
and would hold no small oflSce, but took an active interest in all public works, and 
contributed generously of his means to his church and every good cause. During 
the Civil war he assisted with time and money to secure volunteers, and lent val- 
uable aid to the sanitary commission. He also sent two sons to the war, Joseph S. 
and Cyrus, both of whom served three years in an Ohio regiment, and were in sev- 
eral battles. Mr. Ash has always pursued a straightforward course through life, is 
a good citizen and a kind father, but brought up his family in a strict way. He is 
yet living, a strong and healthy man, but his wife died in 1885. Dr. William N. 
Ash first saw the light of day on his father's farm in Wayne county, Ohio, February 
6, 1859, and in his youth wielded the hoe and followed the plow, attending, as well, 
the district school until he was sixteen years of age, after which he attended the 
academy at Smithville, Ohio, for eighteen months, and next became a student in 
Ashland College, from which he graduated in 1880. Succeeding this he attended 
medical lectures in the University of Cleveland, Ohio, and graduated from the Toledo 
Medical College in 1883. After a rest of one year at home, he was appointed 
assistant superintendent of the Northwestern Hospital for the Insane at Toledo, fill- 
ing this responsible position very capably for five years. Here he had the advantage 
of an experience which he would never have gained in a lifetime of ordinary prac- 
tice, and to say that he made good use of his opportunities would be but carrying 
out the ideas which have been formed by those who know him best and understand 
his nature. He opened an office in Middlebury in 1889, and here has built up a 



224 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

lucrative practice, as he fally deserved to do. He is a member of the Northwestern 
Ohio Medical Association, the Lncas County Medical Society and the Ohio State 
Medical Association. He is a patron of the leading medical journals of Europe and 
America, has a valuable medical library, the latest improved surgical instruments, 
and in all ways endeavors to keep thoroughly apace with the progress made in his 
profession. Socially he is a Mason, of Middlebury Lodge, of which he has been a 
representative to the Grand Lodge; has filled all the chairs in the K. of P. Lodge; 
is a member of the Chosen Friends and of the board of health of Middlebury. He 
stands deservedly high as a physician and a man, and has won the confidence of the 
people as a man of culture and scientific ability. 

James Kavasaoh. grocer of Elkhart, Lid. In compiling an account of the mer- 
cantile establishments of the city of Elkhart, lad., it is the desire of the publishers 
to particularly mention those classes of houses which are the best representatives of 
each special line of trade, and which contribute most to the city's reputation as a 
source of supply. As one of the leading representatives of the grocery line, James 
Kavanagh may well be quoted, for he is extensively engaged in handling the staple 
necessaries of life, and the extensive trade which he has built up is the outgrowth of 
enterprise and commercial sagacity. Mr. Kavanagh has very successfully grappled 
with the question of supplying the masses with food, and his well-appointed grocery 
establishment goes far toward a solution of the problem. The business was estab- 
lished in the spring of 1877, by Mr. Kavanagh, but the firm is now known as 
Kavanacrh «& Pollard, both gentlemen being weU adapted to successfully conduct 
this extensive business by practical experience and natural aptitude. The premises 
occupied are of ample dimensions, finely fitted up with a large stock of staple and 
fancy groceries, fruits, vegetables and country produce, and popular prices prevail. 
Alert assistants serve customers politely and promptly, free delivery of all orders is 
made to all parts of the city, in short, no effort on the part of the proprietors is spared 
to please each and every one of their numerous patrons. Mr. Kavanagh was born in 
Wyomingcounty, N. Y., May 26, 1842, to Charles and Helen (Murphy) Kavanagh, who 
were bom, reared and married on the Isle of Erin, the year of their emigration to 
America being 1839. After a short residence in Wyoming county, N. T., they went 
to Brooklyn, N. Y. , where the father conducted a wholesale and retail boot and shoe 
store for about seven years, employing in the meantime from fifty to sixty men. 
He next returned to Wyoming county and located on a farm, on which he died 
February 6, 1860, his widow surviving him until November 16, 1886, having borne 
him eleven children, eight of whom are living, five sons and three daughters: Mrs. 
Mary A. Kerwin, of Wyoming county, N. Y.; James; Thomas, of Washington, Penn.; 
Matthew, of Wyoming county, N. Y., where he is engaged in merchandising; Margaret; 
Charles, of New York ; Mrs. Catherine Whalen, of New York, and John E. , of Chicago. 
The subject of this sketch was educated in the public and private schools of Brook- 
lyn, and at an early age learned the trade of a machinist, at which he worked in 
various places for about fourteen years. He was in the Vulcan Iron Works of 
Chicago, and in a like establishment in Peoria, III. In 1872, Elkhart, Ind., became 
his home, and here he soon found employment in the Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern Kailroad Shops, having charge of three pits at the time of his resignation. 
In the spring of 1877 he began devoting his attention to his present occupation, and 
has bmlt up a business on which he may well be congratulated. Being enterprising, 
energetic and honorable, he is very popular in financial circles, and soon after the 
oro'anization of the city, was nominated for treasurer, but would not work for the 
office, and consequently was defeated by a majority of sixty-five votes. During 
the twenty years that he has been a resident of Elkhart he has attended strictly to 
business, much preferring to pursue the quiet life of the successful merchant, to 
the strife and turmoil of the political arena. When the dark and lowering 
clouds of war burst over the country in 1861, personal considerations were cast aside 
by Mr. Kavanagh, and his name was soon placed on the rolls of Company A, One 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAJfA. 225 

Hundred and Fifth New York Infantry, with which he served until September, 1862, 
when he was taken prisoner at the second battle of Bull Run, was paroled at Point 
of Rocks, and was taken to Camp Chase, Ohio, after which he returned home, there 
to remain during the remainder of the struggle. In 1873 he led to the altar Miss 
Maria A. Goodspeed, of Elkhart, by whom he has an interesting famDy of three 
children: Charles H., EUen M. and John M. The mother of these children died 
in 1884, and for his second wife, Mr. Kavanagh took Miss Henrietta S. Goodspeed, 
a sister of his first wife. He is a member of the Order of Red Men, and is well 
known in social as well as business circles. He is a most useful and progressive 
mercantile representative, his business is conducted upon the broadest basis of 
equity, and those who enter into business relations with him may rest assured that 
their interests will be carefully guarded. 

Simon Griker is a retired farmer living in Middleburg, Ind., where he has a 
pleasant home and enjoys the advantages to be derived from a residence in this 
flourishing city. He is classed among the substantial and respected citizens of the 
town, and is a descendant of good old Pennsylvania stock. His great-grand- 
father a native of Germany, was the first of the family to come to America, and 
made the voyage when a young man. He settled in the town of High Spire, six 
miles east of Harrisburg, Dauphin county, Penn. , and followed the trade of wheel- 
wright. He was married in the town where he settled and became the father of 
three children: Philip, Barbara and Katie. He built a gristmill which he ran for 
many years, but finally sold it and purchased a good farm of 150 acres, on which 
he passed the remainder of his days. He was a religious man and at one time, a 
two-days' meeting, in the old-fashioned way, was held in his barn. He lived to be 
quite an aged man. After retiring from his farm he built a shop where he made 
fanning-mills and washing-machines. He was a substantial farmer in his day and 
spoke his native tongue. His son, Philip, grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
was born in Dauphin county, Penn., and he was reared to farm life. He married 
Miss Margaret Wolfsbarger, a daughter of Fredrick Wolfsbarger, a tavern keeper 
of Campbell's Town, Lebanon Co., Penn. Mr. Griner lived for many vears on 
the old home farm and there his fourteen children were born, twelve of whom 
reached mature years, married and reared families. They were named as follows: 
Mollie, Peggy, John, Philip, Fredrick, Mary, Sarah, Barbara, Katie, Betsey, 
Sophia and Jacob. Their descendants are now scattered over the great West. 
Those who had children in the Rebellion were as follows: Peggy, who married John 
Cassel, of Ashland county, Ohio, had four sons in the army and three of them were 
drowned on a steamboat on the Mississippi River during the war; John, who set- 
tled in Wayne county, Ohio, on a farm, had three sons in the war, one died in 
Louisville, Ky. ; Mary married William Marks, of southern Illinois, and had one 
son iu the war. In 1833 Philip Griner moved with his family to Wayne county. 
Ohio, and settled on a farm where he passed the remainder of his life. He and 
wife were members of the German Reformed Church and Mr. Griner was a deacon in 
the same. He was quite a popular citizen and held a number of responsible posi- 
tions, being appraiser and assessor in Pennsylvania. He had the utmost confidence 
of the people and was administrator of several estates. He lived to be nearly 
eighty three years of age and was the possessor of an excellent property, owning 
four farms in the Buckeye State, 693 acres altogether. This land he sold to his 
children. Philip, third son of the above and the father of our subject, was a native 
of Dauphin county, Penn., bom on the old homestead, December 2, 1813, and 
received but little education, attending the subscription schools of those days a few 
weeks in winter for a season or two. As the family was large, the boys early becran 
to work and during the winter they assisted in threshing the grain which was 
tramped out by horses on the barn floor. In 1833, when a young man of twenty 
years, he went to Ohio with his father, and three years later was married in Wayne 
county, that State, to Miss Fannie, daughter of Jacob Gochawaur. To them were 



326 PICTORIAL A2fD BIOGRAPHICAL 

born three children: Barbara, Mary and Simon. After marriage Mr. and Mrs. 
Griner settled on a farm in Wayne county, Ohio, and here his wife died a nnmber 
of years later. He subsequently married Salome Moonensmith, daughter of a Ger- 
man Reformed preacher, and live children were the fruits of this union: Harriet, Ann, 
Kate, Adam and Jane. In 1853 Mr. Griner moved to his present farm in Middle- 
bury township, Elkhart Co., Ind. He bought 295 acres of improved land, for 
which he paid S5,500, and which had very good improvements for those days. On 
this farm his second wife died and Mr. Griner returned to Ohio, and was married in 
Stark county to Mrs. Sarah Neff, formerly Miss Jacoby. Mr. and Mrs. Griner are 
members of the Lutheran Church and Mr. Griner is the founder of the Griner 
Lutheran Church. He gave the land upon which it stands and he was also the 
largest contributor toward the erection of the church. He was one of the building 
committee, has been deacon for eight years and church trustee since the church was 
built. He has always been a prosperous man, but what he has accumulated has 
been by hard labor. At one time he owned 768 acres of land in Lidiana, but much 
of this he has since sold and divided the money among his children. When start- 
ing out for himself he had limited means and was obliged to work very hard to get 
a start. For seven years he was a teamster, and before the railroads were built he 
drove six horses to a big old-fashioned Pennsylvania wagon, which would hold up 
tons, and hauled goods from Pittsburg, Penn., to Wooster, Ohio. He also fol- 
lowed threshing for eighteen years, two years in Ohio and sixteen after he came to 
Indiana. He is now nearly eighty years of age and is yet quite strong and hearty 
and retains his faculties to a remarkable degree. Such men as he have developed and 
improved the county and made it what it is. In politics he is a strong Democrat. 
His son, Simon, our subject, was born on his father's farm in Wayne county, Ohio, 
April 13, 1842, and at any early age was left motherless, never knowing her care. 
His stepmother, however, was a very intelligent woman and young Simon, through 
her kindness, never realized the loss of his own mother, as she treated him as well 
as she did her own children. His advantages for securing an education were 
received in Middlebury township, this county, whither he had removed with his 
parents when in his eleventh year. He learned farming when young and early 
began life for himself. On March 15, 1861, when twenty years of age, he married 
and subsequently settled down to farming in Middleburj- township, renting land of 
his father. One year later he moved to La Grange county, Ind., where his father 
had timber land, partially improved a farm there, but sold this for his father and 
returned to Middlebury township. For about ten years he rented land of his 
father and about 1872 he bought forty acres of his father's land, a short distance 
south of the corporation of Middlebury. Later he sold this land and bought 110 
acres further south on the same road. This land he still owns and on this he 
resided until he came to Middlebury in 1892. By thrift and industiy he gradually 
added to his farm until he now owns 172 acres of good land. In 1892 he bought 
a pleasant residence in Middlebury and now makes that town his home. Mrs. 
Griner is a member of the Lutheran Church, and takes much interest in church 
work. Mr. Griner is a strict Democrat in politics. To Mr. and Mrs. Griner have 
been born five children: William, Edward, John W. , Valentine, Oscar and Frank. 
The iirst named married Miss Frances Bedford, and is clerking in Middlebury. 
They have two children: John W., married Miss Effie Shutt, and is on his father's 
farm, and Valentine, married Miss Bertha Boles, and is a farmer on the home place. 
Simon Griner is one of the sterling citizens whose career has been one of industry 
and frugality. By thrift and perseverance he has accumulated a comfortable prop- 
erty, and to-day stands deservedly high as an honest, upright man. His word is 
as good as his bond. He is descended from good old colonial stock and may well 
take pride in his ancestors. 

Samuel F. Cripe is a descendant of one of the oldest pioneers in Elkhart 
county, Ind., Emanuel Cripe, who is now living on Elkhart Prairie, where he 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAJ^A. 227 

followed farming during the greater part of the active years of his life. He is now 
in the eighty-sixth year, to which patriarchal age he has attained, without 
doubt, by correct living and by the possession of a sound constitution, inherited 
from his German ancestors. He was bom in Dayton, Ohio, October 7, 1806, and was 
a son of David Cripe, a prosperous old farmer of Pennsylvania, but in an early day 
removed from Somerset county to Ohio, where he carved out a home for himself in 
the woods of Montgomery county. His father, Jacob Cripe, came from Germany 
and until his death was a resident of the Keystone State. Daniel Cripe became a 
resident of the State of Indiana in the spring of 1829. His wife was Madeline 
Miller, by whom he became the father of the following children: Samuel, Benja- 
min, John, Daniel, Emanuel, Betsey, Susan, Kate and Polly, all of whom came to 
Indiana within a few years of each other, having married in Ohio. Mr. Cripe came- 
to Indiana before the land had been opened for settlement, and the Indians were 
plentiful but peaceful. They often came to his house, especially in the water- 
melon season. He owned a good farm of 200 acres on Elkhart Prairie, and was the 
first Dunkard preacher in northern Indiana. He possessed many Christian virtues 
led a simple and unostentatious life, and through his instrumentality many of the 
substantial, law-abiding and patriotic Dunkard families of that section came to the 
region. Throughout life h6 used the German language, and 'lived to be eightv- 
eight years of age. His brother Jacob lived to be ninety-nine years of age and 
also died in this county. Emanuel Cripe was born in Ohio in 1806, was reared on 
a farm, and after his marriage to Catherine, daughter of Joseph Miksell, he settled 
on land in Ohio, where their eldest child, Susan, was born. About 1830 he removed 
to Indiana, and there the remainder of his children were bom, as follows: Samuel, 
Mary, Eli, Betsy, Nettie, Lydia, Rebecca and Noah. Mr. Cripe had driven a team 
through to this State in 1829 and entered land, which, by hard work and industry 
he increased to 600 acres, besides three houses and lots in Goshen. Although his 
literary education was lacking, he was naturally an intelligent man, and it was owing 
to this and to his energy and thrift, that he acquired his property. He was a hard 
worker, retired at dark, rose at 4 o'clock in the morning and lost no time, for on 
rainy days his time was spent in spinning flax. Realizing the value of a good edu- 
cation, his children were given the advantages of the common schools, and when they 
started out in life for themselves he gave them a considerable amount of either land 
or money. In politics he has always been a Democrat. Samuel F. Cripe, his son, 
and the subject of this sketch, was born on the home farm, two miles from Goshen, 
July 27, 1832, and in that vicinity was reared to manhood and received som& 

schooling. He was maiTied to Elizabeth M , daughter of Adam M , 

a shoemaker, of Locke township, and to them one child was born, Susan, whose birth 
occurred September 29, 185-. Her mother died on the 8th of March, 1855, and on 
the 10th of June, 1857, Mr. Cripe took for his second wife Eliza Stomotis, whose 
maiden name was Myers, a daughter of Adam Myers, a farmer of Stark county, 
Ohio. To this second union the following children were born: Amos, born August 

5, 18 — ; Ella Nora, July 11, -; Jesse, October 28, — — ; Ishmael, July 4, 1862; 

Jefferson, October 31, 1864; Mary C, May 18, 1866. After the death of his second 
wife, on the 16th of July, 1874, Mr. Cripe married, December 9, 1874, Mary Berkey, 
born August 30, 1836, daughter of Eliza and Nancy (Miller) Berkey. He was a 
substantial farmer of Somerset county, Penn. Mr. and Mrs. Cripe settled on a farm 
two miles southwest of Goshen, and lived there about fifteen years. By thrift he 
added to his farm until he was the owner of 300 acres of land, then moved three 
miles north of Middlebury, where his farm comprised 270 acres. This land he sold 
however, in 1891, with the exception of eighty acres. Since that time he has owned 
and conducted a saw-mill in Middlebury, besides forty one acres of land south of the 
town, and four lots and three residences in the town. He has been a member of the 
Dunkard Church for more than twenty years, and a deacon in the same for some fif- 
teen years. He has been generous with his means in the support of this church, 



228 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

and has reared his children in that faith with the exception of Jefferson. Mrs. Mary 
Cripe was the mother of live children by her first husband (Mr. Gardener): Anna 
Eliza, born August 25, 1849; Nancy J., born April 3, 1861 ; John F., bom February 
6, 1863; Eliza P., February 2, 1870, and Cora A., August 10, 1873. 

James L. Kobison. This experienced and successful miller of Clay township 
thoroughly understands every detail of his line of work, and the superiority of his 
product is well known and has become the means of placing it in every well-con- 
ducted grocery establishment in the county, which is, without doubt, the strongest 
endorsement the flour could have. Mr. Kobison was born in Erie county, Penn. , 
April 16, 1832, to James and Betsy (Gouldin) Eobison, the former of whom was 
born in New York and the latter in Pennsylvania. The father was born and reared 
in Rochester, and during his youth learned the miller's trade in that famous city of 
grist-mills, to which occupation he devoted his attention the greater part of his life. 
He was married in Erie county, Penn., to Betsy Gouldin, a daughter of Naham 
Gouldin, who was born and reared on Long Island, N. Y. The wife of Mr. Gouldin 
was of Scotch descent. To Mr. and Mrs. Bobison seven children were born: Clara, 
Jane, Louis, Louisa (deceased), Philenia, Alonzo and James L. After the celebra- 
tion of Mr. Kobison' 8 marriage, he and his wife resided in Erie county, Penn., until 
their respective deaths, the former always devoting his attention to the occupation 
of milling, in which he was successful and proficient. James L. Kobison, his son, 
was reared in his native county and learned milling under his father, in whom he 
had an experienced and intelligent teacher. He remained with his parents until he 
was twenty-one years old, but in 1853 removed to Coldwater, Mich., and purchased 
sixty acres of land near Batavia, where he successfully tilled the soil until 1887, 
when he disposed of his property there and purchased the grist-mill in Clay town- 
ship, on the St. Joseph River, which he now owns and very successfully operates. 
Mr. Kobison was married in September, 1870, to Miss Mary Ensley, who was born 
in Branch county, Mich., to George and Lydia (Great) Ensley, native Ohioans, who 
were early residents of the ' ' Lake State. " The marriage of Mr. Robison has resulted 
in the birth of five children: Jay, Cora, Fred, Bessie and Frank (deceased). Mr. 
Robison has always supported the Democratic party, and is an intelligent, well- 
posted and public-spirited man oq all subjects. 

Dr. Benjamin F. Teters. This professional gentleman, whose skill in the heal- 
ing art is well known not only through Middlebury townshij), but also throughout 
Elkhart county, was born in Tuscarawas county, Ohio, October 16, 1860, and 
inherits all the sturdy characteristics of the Teutonic ancestors from which he 
sprang. His great-grandfather was born in Germany, but at an early date came to 
America and was one of the pioneer settlers of Westmoreland county, Penn. His 
son. Daniel Teters,' the grandfather of our subject, was born in Bedford county, Penn., 
but subsequently settled in Westmoreland county, Penn., where he reared his family 
of eight children. His son, Daniel Teters, father of subject, was born in that county 
and was there married to Miss Leah Stough. daughter of Daniel and Catherine 
(Claypool) Stough. Mr. Stongh was born in Pennsylvania and of German descent. 
At an early date he moved to Tuscarawas county, Ohio, as a pioneer citizen, and 
became a wealthy farmer. He was the father of nine children: Leah, Solomon, 
John, Rachel, Elizaljeth, Mary, Jacob, Daniel and Josiah. Mr. Stough was a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran Church and died in that faith when seventy- four years of age. 
The Claypools were of English descent and descended from an old and wealthy 
family. Mr. Teters settled in Tuscarawas county where he followed milling, and 
met with a fair degree of success in that calling. His marriage resulted in the birth 
of eight children, as follows: Josiah, John D., Marion F., Leah C, Marion E., 
Mary E. , Barbara and Benjamin F In politics Mr. Teters is a stanch Democrat 
and during the war he was a strong Union man. His son, Josiah, enlisted in the 
One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry; John D. , 
another son, in the Eightieth Regiment, and died of typhoid fever at Paducah, Ky., 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 229 

and Marion F., who was first in the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Regiment, re- 
-enlisted in the One Hundred and Eighty-fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and was but 
fifteen years of age when he entered the service. Dr. B. F. Teters supplemented 
a common-school education received in his native county by attending Mt. XJnion Col- 
lege for two years. When sixteen years of age he began teaching school in Ohio, 
followed this for about seven years, and by his own unaided efforts obtained a good 
practical education. He began his medical studies with Dr. P. P. Pomerene, a dis- 
tinguished physician of Berlin. Ohio, and remained with him for three years. He 
then attended Wooster Medical CoDege, at Cleveland, Ohio, and completed his med- 
ical education at the Jefferson Medical College at Philadelphia, receiving his 
diploma in 1886. He was then associated with his preceptor five years, after which 
he came to Middlebury. This was in December, 1890, and he has had a fine and 
lucrative practice since. He has been absorbed day and night in a profession 
which is perhaps the most trying on brain and body of any in the field of science 
and his signal success in this calling is well known. Dr. Teters is a member of the 
Holmes County Medical Society and Ohio State Medical Society. He has a fine 
medical library and is a patron of the leading medical journals, keeping well posted 
on all the latest scientific improvements. The Doctor is a self-made man, having 
worked his way through college by his own exertions, and by ability and efiiciency 
has acquired a flattering reputation as a physician. He was married on Septem- 
ber 13, 1883, in Tuscarawas county, Ohio, to Miss Henrietta, daughter of Ephraim 
Adaline (Fisher) Showalter. Mr. Showalter is a substantial farmer of Tucara- 
was county, Ohio. To Dr. and Mrs. Teters have been bom two children: Grace 
and Melwin. 

Thomas B. Chaipant. The gentleman whose name is at the head of this sketch, 
although no longer of earth, still holds a firm position in the memory and affection 
of his family and the numerous friends he won by his correct manner of living. He 
was bom in Wayne county, Ind., February 18, 1820, son of Evan and Anna (Bulla) 
Chalfant, the former of whom was bom in Pennsylvania August 24, 1796, and in 
that section was reared. When a young man he took up his residence in Wayne 
county, Ind. , where he met and married Anna Bulla, a North Carolinian by birth, who 
was bom December 26, 1799. Evan Chalfant arrived with his family in St. Joseph 
county, Ind., November 1, 1832, and settled on a tract of land in Section 31, Clay 
township, where he made his home until his death, January 19, 1870. The land 
which he entered and upon which he settled borders on the corporate limits of 
South Bend on the north, but at that time was an unbroken wilderness, which Mr. 
Chalfant brought under cultivation through his own persistent efforts. When the 
family reached South Bend they passed through the village, and on Saturday night 
before the presidential election of 1832 they camped on the ground where the Notre 
Dame University building now stands, and the following week selected a farm. 
Mr. Chalfant was left a widower in March, 1849. The subject of this sketch, 
Thomas B. Chalfant, was a lad of twelve years when his parents moved to St. Jo- 
seph county. He was one of a family of six children, and upon the old home- 
stead in Clay township he grew to mnnhood, with the exception of three years that 
were spent in working at the carpenter's trade in South Bend. He was first mar- 
ried in 1848 to Miss Jane Melling, who was born in Ohio in 1825 and died in 1861, 
having become the mother of four children, two of whom are living: Nancy J. and 
Evan T. On April 21, 1864, Mr. Chalfant took tor his second wife Miss Elean- 
or C. Alford, who was born August 5, 1840, in Elkhart county, Ind., a daugh- 
ter of Robert and Sarah (Cart) Alford, the former being a native of Green- 
brier county, Va., bom April 28, 1804, settling in Harrison township. Elk- 
hart county, Ind., in 1842. He afterward became a resident of Elkhart town- 
ship, where many years of his life wore spent. His death occurred at the home 
of his daughter, Mrs. Chalfant, April 25, 1888, in Clay township. St. Joseph 
Co., Ind. Mrs. Alford was a native of Virginia, born May 5, 1808, and her 



230 PICTORIAL AMD BIOGRAFHICAL 

death occurred February 17, 1880. Mrs. Chalfant bore her husband three children r 
Anna L., Mary L. and Kobert G. Mr. Chalfant was a farmer of the progressive 
kind, and became the owner of about 165 acres of land adjoining the city limits of 
South Bend, which under his intelligent and progressive management became a 
model farm in every respect. He was a member of the county Grange, and for a 
long time was its treasurer. Coming from the Quaker settlement of Richmond, 
and related to some of the most influential Quakers there who were members of the- 
famous "Underground Railroad," he was naturally a Republican in politics and very 
active. From the organization of that party he was rarely absent from the conn- 
cils of his party, and ever exercised his right of franchise. He served one or 
more terms as trustee of Clay township, but was rather averse to holding office. 
He had the respect and esteem of all who knew him, for all respected and ad- 
mired his many noble qualities, his generosity and his natural kindness of heart. 
He died on the farm where so many of the active years of his life were passed 
July 20, 1892, deeply mourned by his family and friends. His brother, Evan 
Chalfant, was a soldier in the Mexican war, and while serving his country efficiently 
and faithfully was called from life. Mrs. Chalfant is still residing on the home 
farm, is in good financial circumstances, and enjoys the esteem of many friends. 
She is a member of the Presbyterian Church, in which faith she was reared by 
her parents, who were members of that church for many yesirs. A brother, Johtt 
Chalfant, of Missouri, is the only living member of the family. 

Peter Winebrenner, house painter, of Middlebury, Ind. The name of this 
gentleman bears an excellent reputation for thoroughness and skill as well as for 
good taste and much artistic ability. He comes of thrifty German stock, for his 
paternal grandfather came from the Fatherland to America and began tilling the 
soil in Blair county, Penn. His son, Andrew, father of Peter Winebrenner, was bom 
on his father's farm in Blair county, Penn., August 17, 1818, on which he obtained 
a practical insight into the details of agriculture, and in the vicinity of which he 
secured a fair education in the common schools. Upon attaining manhood, April 
11, 1836, he was married to Miss Anna Hoover, whose father, David Hoover, was a 
farmer in Pennsylvania, but afterward, in 1846, became a resident of Noble county, 
Ind. The union of Mr. and Mrs. Winebrenner resulted in the birth of fourteen 
children: Martin, David, Henry, Ellen, Levi, Nancy, Peter, Adaline, Celeste, Donald, 
Sarah, Agnes and two that died in childhood. Mr. Winebrenner moved to Noble 
county, Ind., in 1846, and settled on a tract of wild land, which he converted into 
a good farm after much hard labor. In 1863 he engaged in the drug business in 
Ligonier, an occupation he continued for seven years, then settled at Lawrence, 
Kan. After a short time he moved to southwest Missouri, but later returned to the 
Hoosier State and took up his residence in Huntington county, where he died in 
1888. His career throughout life was marked by industry, and for many years he 
had been an earnest member of the Christian Church, and all his lifetime, from the 
time he attained his majority until his earthly career ended, was in sympathy with 
the Republican party. Five of his sons served in the Union army during the Civil 
war: Martin, in Companv A, David in Company D, Peter in Company D, of the 
One Hundred and Forty-second Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and Henry 
in Company C, Eighty-eighth Regiment Volunteer Infantry, of which Levi was also 
a member. Henry was wounded at Chickamauga and was with Sherman on his 
march to the sea. and Levi died from the hardships incident to army life in January, 
1864. Peter Winebrenner was born and reared on his father's farm in Noble county, 
Ind., his birth occurring January 10, 1848, but his education, which he was securing 
in the common schools near his home, was cut short by his enlisting, November 3, 
1864, in Company D, One Hundred and Forty-second Regiment of Indiana Volun- 
teer Infantry at Kendallville, at which time he was but fifteen years and ten months 
old. His regiment did garrison duty at Nashville, Tenn., until the close of the war 
and he was honorably discharged at Indianapolis, Ind. Notwithstanding his youth 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 231 

he made a good soldier, and in June, 1865, was commissioned sergeant. Upon 
returning home he attended school a short time, after which he began learning the 
trade of a house painter, to which occupation he has given his attention up to the 
present time. In 1867 he espoused Miss EUen Pake, and to them two children were 
born: Anna and Clara. His second union was consummated on the 2'2d of August, 
1880, at which time Lydia, daughter of Matthias and Maria (Huston) Goodyear, 
born in Knox county, Ohio, January 11, 1838, became his wife. Mr. Goodyear was 
born in Crawford county, Ohio, December 28, 1836, on a farm and came of German 
parents, for his father, Andrew Goodyear, was born in Baden, Germany, in 1804, 
served three years in the German army. He married Catherine Graftsmiller and 
together they came to the United States in 1827, settled in Crawford county on land 
on which he died December 23, 1889. Andrew Goodyear was a substantial farmer 
of Crawford county, became wealthy and reached the age of eighty-one years. A 
family of twelve children were born to him as follows: Christopher, Andrew, Louisa, 
Matthias, John, Catherine, Caroline, Mary, Barbara, Christena, Daniel and Lueza. 
Matthias became a resident of La Grange county, Ind. , in 1860, and after residing 
on a farm there for a few years he took up his residence in Clinton township, Elkhart 
county, where he still resides. He is the father of six children whose names are as 
follows: Lida E., Andrew, Mary M., John W., Viola B. and Effie A. Both Mr. Good- 
year and his wife are members of the Lutheran Church, in which he is both deacon 
and elder. Politically he is a Democrat. Mr. and Mrs. Winebrenner have a daughter, 
Viva E Mr. Winebrenner made his home in Ligonier until January, 1881, when 
he moved to Middlebury, where his home has since been. As a paint«r and decorator 
Mr. Winebrenner' s work is decidedly artistic and he is a skillful and practical work- 
man, who is highly recommended by architects and builders. He owns a good house 
and lot in the town and he and Mrs. Winebrenner are highly esteemed as citizens. 
He has held the office of justice of the peace four years, is a member of the G. A. R. 
and is a charter member of O. and M. Foster Post, No. 172, of which he was com- 
mander for one year. He and his wife worship in the Lutheran Church, in which 
he holds the positions of deacon and trustee. 

Geoege a. Thomas, Ph. G. is probably the youngest man in Elkhart, Ind., who 
is personally conducting a business of his own. His qualifications for managing his 
own business are such that he is not dependent upon others to manage it for him. 
Though young, he is full of energy, business qualifications, and thoroughly 
fitted for the calling he has undertaken. Mr. Thomas has spent nearly all the 
years of his life in Elkhart and is a favorite in both social and business circles. 
He was born in Goshen, Ind., December 22, 1857, to Dr. W. H. Thomas, whose 
sketch appears in this work, and graduated with honors from the Elkhart High 
School, after which he served a thorough apprenticeship in the drug store of J. G. 
Wise. Succeeding this he went to Chicago and entered the Chicago College of 
Pharmacy, which institution is one of the finest in existence, and from which he 
graduated at the end of two years. During this time he was also employed in the 
drug store of F. N. Jamison, but upon graduating in 1890, came immediately to 
Elkhart, and after remaining with E. W. Forbes for a time, he purchased the fine 
drug store which he now owns and conducts on the corner of Main street and 
Tyler avenue, opposite the soldiers' monument. His establishment is one of the 
neatest and coziest in the city, and instead of laying out his money for fancy furni- 
ture, he expended it in fitting himself for his profession, and the returns show the 
wisdom of his choice. He is the only graduate in phramacy in the city. He carries 
a full line of fresh drugs and chemicals, and is constantly receiving new perfumes, 
toilet articles, etc. Everything pertaining to a first-class drug store can be found 
here, and he is especially skillful in putting up prescriptions. Night calls are very 
promptly attended to and every reasonable effort is put forth to meet the demands 
of the trade. His establishment is very favorably located, and is exceedingly well 
adapted to its present use, while its equipments in every department are complete. 



232 PICTORIAL AJU'D BIOGRAPHICAL 

He is a progresaive young man of affairs, and socially is a member of the K. of P. 
and the Order of Red Men. 

Andrew J. Greenwood. In scanning the lives and careers of the citizens of 
Clay township, it is pleasant to note the exercise of enterprise in every walk of life, 
and the achievement of success in every department of business. This one is 
enabled to discern in the career of Mr. Greenwood, who has for many years been 
a successful farmer and carpenter of St. Joseph county. He was born in Cumber- 
land county, Penn., October 3, 1836, son of William and Susan (Pancake) Green- 
wood, the former's birth occurring in Cumberland county also, on September 27, 
1809. A considerable portion of his youth was spent in learning the wagon maker's 
trade, and for thirty years he was engaged in the manufacture of wagons and agri- 
cultural implements in his native coanty. During his residence there he was first 
lieutenant of the Cumberland Guards. His father, John Greenwood, was born in 
England about the year 1781, and when a child of three years was brought to this 
country by his parents, who settled in the city of Philadelphia. Here John was 
reared and learned the shoemakers' trade, to which occupation his attention was 
devoted for many years. He was married to a Miss Ferguson, a relative of Major 
Ferguson, who was killed at King's Mountain during the Revolutionary war. To 
them seven children were born, five sons and two daughters. John Greenwood 
died at the home of his son William, about 1850, his wife's death having occurred 
about seven years prior to that time. In the spring of 1857 William Greenwood 
removed to Ohio, and after three years' residence in the vicinity of Worcester, 
removed to Ashland county, Ohio, where he purchased a farm. He afterwards 
lived in Richland county, and May 7, 1888, died in Independence, Ohio. His 
widow survives him and resides in Independence, having become the mother of 
seven children: Andrew J., Henrietta, Adaline, Van Buren (deceased), Ann, Emma 
and William. Andrew J. Greenwood was reared in his native State, and during his 
youth learned to make wagons and plows in his father's manufacturing establish- 
ment. When twenty-one years of age he removed to Ohio, and in the spring of 
1858, came to St. Joseph county, landing in South Bend on the 22d of June of 
that year. He worked at the carpenter's trade with undoubted success for about 
thirty years after coming to this county, and many of the finest residences and 
barns in this section are the monuments of his skill and thorough knowledge of his 
calling. Iq 1862 he located in German township, where he bought some land 
and made his home daring the years that he devoted to his trade. In 1860 he 
went with a party of twelve to Colorado; crossing the plains overland to Pike's 
Peak, where he engaced in mining. He was married October 31, 1861, to Permelia 
Longlev, born April 2, 1836, in Madison township. St. Joseph county, daughter of 
Thomas and Mary (Ruple) Longley, natives of Somerset county, Penn.. and 
pioneers of Si. Joseph couQty, becoming residents of Madison township in 1833. 
In 1888 Mr. Greenwood settled on the farm where he now resides in Clay township, 
which consists of 120 acres of well improved land. They not only enjoy a com- 
fortable competency, but the friendship of all who know them, and are honored 
residents of the section in which they have so long made their home. They are 
members of the German Baptist Church, and Mr. Greenwood is a Democrat polit- 
ically. He and his wife are the parents of six children: Charles (deceased), Grace, 
Gertmde, May. Homer C. and Eva, the living members of which family do credit 
to the parents who reared them. 

The two Pfeiffer brothers and their descendants. Jacob Pfeiffer, Sr., was a na- 
tive of Bavaria, Germany. His father settled in the village of Miihlbach, having 
formerlv lived in another portion of Bavaria. He had two sons and two daughters: 
Philip, Jacob, Elizabeth and Catharine. Philip and Jacob immigrated to America 
in 1833. They moved in private conveyance through Fnmce to Havre de Grace, 
from which place they sailed for New York. From New York, being on the way 
thirty-six days, they traveled by steamer and canal boat via Albany, Buffalo and 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 33S 

Cleveland to Massilon, Ohio, thence to Wooster, and finally settled on a new farm in 
Chester township, Wayne Co., Ohio. The two sisters married and remained in 
Germany, where they both died. In 1845, Jacob sold his share of the farm for 
$1,200. and moved with his family to Elkhart county, Ind. He settled on eighty 
acres of timbered land in Section 33, Middlebnry township, where he built a log 
house and commenced to clear up a farm. In June, 1851, his bonse bnmed with 
all his goods. He then settled on another eighty acres near by, and this he sold in 
1865 for $5,000. From this time until his death he lived with his children. He 
died at the residence of his oldest son in 1874, in his seventy-fourth year. Before 
he moved to America he was married to Elizabeth Knapp, who preceded him to her 
final rest. She was the daughter of Henry Knapp, of Muhlbach, Bavaria, and was 
the oldest of sixteen children. Mr. Pfeiffer was a Democrat, although he never took 
an active part in politics. Both he and his wife were, all their lives, members of 
the Lutheran Church. They had ten children. Of these, Jacob, Philipine, Caro- 
line and Frederick were born in Germany. The other six: Elizabeth, Henry, 
Christian, Philip and William, and one who died in infancy, were born in Wayne 
county, Ohio. Jacob Pfeiffer, Jr., the subject of this sketch, was bom November 2, 
1826, in the village of Muhlbach, Bavaria, Germany. He came to America with 
his parents in 1833, when in his seventh year, and remembers quite distinctly when 
they all left the old country and can relate a great many interesting circumstances 
that took place during the trip. At an early age he was put to work at clearing the 
land upon which his parents had settled, and in order to help the family make a liv- 
ing. For this reason his school education was very limited. Yet by means of hard 
work and perseverance, with such books as he could get, he managed to acquire a 
tolerably good education for those days, and when he grew to manhood he taught 
several terms of school. In 1855 he was married to Susanna Stiver, daughter of 
JohnB. Stiver, formerly written StOver. John B. Stiver was a grandson of Casper 
Stiver, who served in the Kevolutionaiy war. Casper Stiver's father came from 
Germany and was the first Lutheran minister in Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. 
Pfeiffer have in their possession a large German Bible which was published in 
1710, and which the old pioneer preacher brought from Germany. Jacob Pfeiffer, 
Jr., has three children: EUa J. was born March 12, 1856. She married Nicholas 
Pickrell, who died in 1876. leaving two children, Clyde E. and Edna I. Seven 
years after Mr. Pickrell' s death she was married to Thomas P. Artley, by whom she 
has four children. Amanda C. was born April 9. 1860, and is the wife of David 
F. Cartwell, by whom she has two children. William H. was born December 12, 
1864; married Emma Schrock and has one child. He is also a farmer. Jacob 
Pfeiffer has followed farming the greater part of his life, and at one time had over 
400 acres of land, but he has sold off and divided among his children until he has 
only 136 acres left, which is farmed by a tenant. Mr. Pfeiffer has purchased a 
handsome residence in the village of Middlebury, where he now lives as a retired 
farmer. He and his wife are both members of the Reformed Church, of Goshen, 
Ind. He was raised a Democrat and voted the Democratic ticket until the organ- 
ization of the Republican party, since which time he has been a Republican. 
He has served as constable, township assessor eight years, and appraiser of real 
estate three terms. During the war, 1861 to 1865, he was enrolling ofiicer for Mid-' 
dlebury township, and helped to organize several military companies and contrib- 
uted in many ways for the prosecution of the war. Of Mr. Pfeiffer" s brothers and 
sisters, Philipine died at the age of five years, soon after coming with ber parents to 
America. Caroline was married to Pickrell, by whom she had seven children: Jacob 
F., Ida E., Henrietta. Lewis, Frank G., Frederick C. and Willard. Mrs. Pickrell 
died in 1873. Frederick Pfeiffer married Mary Flory and resides in Middlebury; 
they have no children. Elizabeth was married in 1861, to Moses Bartholomew, and 
died June 29, 1888. She had five children: Henry S. K., Nevada E., Ella M., 
Clara V. and Cora V. The latter died when one year old. Henry Pfeiffer enlisted 



234 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

in the Unioa army and served four years. He took part in many important engage- 
ments and was with Sherman iu the celebrated march to the sea. After the war he 
married Sarah Millington, they had two childr-en, Edward O. and Clara. He died 
in April, 1874. Christian, PhUip and William were burned to death when their 
father's house was destroyed by fire in 1851 Philip PfeifFer (brother of Jacob), 
died on the farm where he first moved when he came to America, at the age of sixty- 
two years. He was a soldier under Napoleon Bonaparte and served two years. He 
raised quite a large family, most of whom still live in Wayne county, Ohio, where 
they first settled. 

G. Frank Kiefer. One of the successful agriculturists of Clay township, St. 
Joseph Co., lad., who is as conspicuous for his modest and retiring nature as for 
his intelligence and ability, is he whose name is at the head of this sketch Although 
his farm comprises but ninety-eight acres, it is a part of the old homestead and is so 
admirably tilled and every detail so carefully and intelligently looked after, that it 
is much more profitable than many other larger farms. Mr. Kiefer is a native of 
Clay township, his birth occurring February 2, 1858, his parents being John and 
Elizabeth (Protsman) Kiefer, the birth of the former taking place in Germany, July 
8, 1818. He was a son of Peter Kiefer, who came to America in 1825, settling in 
Stark county, Ohio, and a few years later in St. Joseph county, being among the 
pioneers of Harris township. John Kiefer was married in Michigan to Elizabeth 
Protsman, a native of Ohio, and after their marriage they located on the honiestead 
in Harris township, and during the thirties purchased a farm in Clay township, on 
•which the son, G. Frank Kiefer, now lives. At the time of Mr. Kiefer' s settlement 
the only improvement which had been made on the place was a small log cabin, and 
on him devolved the clearing and cultivation of the farm, and in this he was remark- 
ably successful, and made one of the finest farms in the county, well improved with 
substantial and commodious buildings. Here he made his home until his death, 
January 24, 1892, his wife's death having taken place September 23, 1881. They 
were the parents of eight children: Jacob H., Eliza A., John W., D. Wesley, D. 
Cyrus, G. Frank, and Harvey, and Clara who died in infancy. The eldest son, Jacob 
H., enlisted in Company D, Eighty-seventh Indiana Volunteer Infantry in 1862, 
and took part in all the engagements in which his regiment participated. He was 
taken prisoner and confined in Andersonville, where he died from starvation and 
exposure. G. Frank Kiefer was reared in Clay township, and in the schools of the 
same was educated. He was married March 26, 1884, to Millie L. Young, who was 
bom March o, 1860, in Harris township, daughter of Jacob and Catherine (Kocher) 
Young. The union of Mr. and Mrs. Kiefer has resulted in tne birth of one child: 
Ethel May, who was born in South Bend, Ind. , August 25, 1885, and is an intelli- 
gent and promising child. Mr. and Mrs. Kiefer are members in good standing of 
the Presbyterian Church, and in politics he is a stanch Republican. 

Dr. Franklin L. Putt is an old soldier and for many years past has been a suc- 
cessful practicing physician, for his genial personality and a kindly sympathy with 
those who come to him as invalids, brought him a clientele perhaps even larger than 
would have been attracted by his recognized ability and the success which attended 
his efforts. He belonged to that class of physicians who recognized the fact that 
there was something more than a barren ideality in ' ' ministering to a mind dis- 
eased," or in other words that the mental condition of the patient had in many 
■cases much to do with his physical condition, and always endeavored to leave his 
patients in a happy and hopeful frame of mind where the nature of the disease ren- 
dered this possible. The Doctor comes of Dutch stock, for his grandfather, George 
Putt, fled from Holland to avoid serving in the Schleswig-Holstein war, to which 
he was opposed on account of religious principles. He was a member of a large 
family of children and was one of thirteen brothers, one of whom was a general in 
the above mentioned war and one a prominent surgeon. The remaining brothers all 
fled to America and experienced many difficulties in effecting their escape and in 



MEMOIJiS OF INDIANA. 235 

reaching this country. George Putt settled neai" Philadelphia, where he married a 
lady with whom he had become acquainted on the voyage to this country. Later he 
took up his residence in Coshocton county, Ohio, which, at that time was an almost 
total wilderness, and here he cleared a good farm, lived to be eighty years of age, 
and reared a family of eight children: George, Frank, Daniel, Harmon, PhUip, 
Lewis, Elizabeth, Hannah and one daughter that died unmarried. Lewis, son of 
George and father of the immediate subject of this sketch, was born in Coshocton 
county, Ohio, but received no education in those early days, as there were no schools, 
but learned to read and write both English and German. He married a Miss 
Heluick, who bore him two children, one of whom died young, and Benjamin who 
lived to marry and rear a family and finally died in New Orleans. After the death 
of the mother of these children, Lewis Pntt took for his second wife Susannah Buz- 
zard, who bore him eight children: Lewis, Daniel, Margaret, John, Joseph, Frank- 
lin L., Sarah, Levi, all of whom are living except Lewis. Mr. Putt settled on a 
farm in Portage county, Ohio, where he died at the age of thirty-eight years from 
the effects of an accident. He was a substantial farmer, a good citizen and a drum 
major in the old militia. Dr. Franklin L. Putt is a product of Portage county, 
Ohio, where he was bom on January 16, 18-14, and where he obtained a practical 
education in the common schools. When he was about four and a half years of age 
his father died and he was reared by Mrs. Joseph Reynolds, a widow, and by her 
daughter, Mrs. Luther Stohl, with whom he lived for a number of years and with 
whom he made his home after he had attained the age of six and a half years, both 
these ladies being to him as parents. When President Lincoln made his first call 
for 75,000 men to serve three years, young Putt, then but sixteen and a half years 
of age, gallantly responded and on July 12, 1861, his name could be found on the 
rolls of Company A, Second Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, at Akron, Ohio, and 
.as he was not of the required height to serve as a soldier, he raised his heels in his 
boots and thus added two additional inches to his height. Notwithstanding these 
precautions he was still under the required height and was declined as a soldier, 
after which he was obliged to serve as a bugler and was mustered in on August 16, 1861, 
at Cleveland, Ohio, where he remained for drill until the following December. His 
first active duty was at Kansas City, Mo., and in the surrounding country, fighting 
the guerrillas, and in this severe and dangerous warfare he served for one year, 
during which time he participated in many severe combats in Missouri with the 
famous guerrilla leader, Gnantrell, among whose men were the Younger and James 
boys. He was in the battles of Pea Ridge and Cow Skin Prairie, and during the 
time the James boys acted as scouts for the Union army at the beginning of the 
war, young Putt became well acquainted with them and saw them frequently. He 
also became acquainted with the famous Younger brothers in the same way. His 
first revolver practice was with the James boys and from them he learned to shoot 
from the saddle, at which they were very expert, and one of their favorite pas- 
times was to circle round a tree and girdle it with bullets. The Doctor also met 
the famous Indian fighter. Wild Bill, and after the war met him again at Spring- 
field, Mo. In February he returned to Camp Chase. Ohio, at which place he was 
in the hospital for some time sick with typhoid fever. Upon recovering from this 
severe illness he was taken with the dread small-pox, during the progress of which 
he was in the hospital at Franklin county, Ohio, but upon convalescing he found 
that his eyesight had been impaired to a given extent. To prove the saying that 
"Misfortunes never come singly," he wtis next taken with typhoid pneumonia, 
which laid him on a sick bed for six weeks. On May 28, 1863, he was honorably 
discharged on account of disability and remained at home until the 13th of October 
following when, having fully regained his usual health he re-enlisted in his old 
regiment as chief bugler, and rejoined them about sixteen miles northeast of 
Knoxville, Tenn. , and the next morning participated in the battle of Rutledge. 
After this he was in a number of skirmishes, and after a short time the regiment 



236 PICTORIAL AJfD BIOGRAPHICAL 

veteranized and was given furlough for thirty days, and young Putt returned to his 
home. When the regiment re-entered the service it was assigned to the Army 
of the Potomac and while serving with this command, his horse unfortunately 
fell with him, injuring his head and right shoulder and disabling him for fifteen 
days. Following this he was in the battles of the Wilderness and Petersburg, in 
the Wilson raid and was wounded at Stone Creek Bridge in the head by a musket 
ball, which made a furrow along the top of his head, carrying away a piece of the 
skull. He was unconscious for four hours, and this wound has ever since given him 
serious trouble. He was next in the Shenandoah Valley in the battles of Winchester, 
Cedar Creek, Wainsborough, Bridgewater and Kernnestown; after this his regiment 
returned to Petersburg with Gen. Sheridan; during this time he was on scouting 
duty. He was detailed for this work by Col. George Purington and was frequently 
sent within the rebel lines and several times visited Early's headquarters. He fol- 
lowed this dangerous, yet most necessary work until the close of the war, being with 
Custer in several raids; was present at Appomattox when Gen. Lee sui-rendered and 
took part in the Grand Review at Washington, D. C. After the war he was on duty 
at Springfield, Mo., and was mustered out of the United States service at St. Louis 
and honorably discharged at Columbus, Ohio, September 25, 1865. During his 
Dotable and useful career as a soldier he was in nearly all the battles of the Army 
of the Potomac, was in Wilson's famous raid and was under Gen. Custer when he 
took charge of the Third Division. By the explosion of a shell at Harper's FeiTy, 
his clothing was nearly torn from his body and he was rendered deaf in his right 
ear. No braver or more devoted soldier served during the great Civil war than Dr. 
Putt, and, although his career in the army was marked by numerous hardships, owing 
to sickness and wounds, he fearlessly and unhesitatingly discharged every duty, was 
trae to every trust and after hostilities had ceased returned to his home with the 
consciousness of having lent valuable aid in preserving the Union. For one year 
after his return from the war he attended school at Greensburg, Ohio, after which 
he began reading medicine at Roweville under a relative. Dr. W. H. Putt, and from 
1867 to 1868 he attended a course of medical lectures at Ann Arbor, Mich., then 
bought out Dr. Putt, of Roweville, and practiced his profession in that place one 
year. He then entered the college of Medicine and Surgery at Cincinnati, and 
after graduating in 1869, became to Millersburg, Elkhart Co., Ind., where he was 
in the active practice of his profession until March 10, 1870. From that time until 
1890, he continued to cure the ills to which man is heir in Middlebury, but owing 
to ill health, which in a great measure resulted from his service in the army, he 
was compelled to retire from the active practice of his profession, and in 1888 and 
1889 he lectured on microscopic histology in the college of Medicine and Surgery 
at Cincinnati, his being the first course of lectures on that subject ever delivered in 
the institution, and was therefore an honorable distinction. Dr. Putt has been a 
wide reader and is the possessor of one of the largest medical libraries in the 
county. He was married August 4, 1867, to Rachel, daughter of Peter and Hester 
Wise, and to their union a daughter has been born named Masy. The Doctor be- 
longs to the civic society of the A. F. and A. M. Lodge, JTo. 570, of Middlebury, 
and he is now acting as its secretary. He is a Democrat, he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Lutheran Church, and he has always been a scholarly man of scientific 
tastes. 

Henry H. FrcKENScsEK. A large class of the farmers of Clay township led such 
modest and quiet lives as to be seldom heard of outside of their own township. They 
are doing fine work in their own community, but do not care to mingle in the more 
public matters of political life, and devote all their time and energies to the cultivat- 
ion of their farms and the development of the resources of their vicinity. Such men 
deserve more mention than they ordinarily receive, and it is a pleasure to here pre- 
sent one of them in the person of Henry H. Fickenscher, who was born in the town- 
ship in which he now resides February 29, 1859, his parents being John and Caro- 




-j^J^MOd^ 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 239 

line (Fox) Fiekenscher, natives of Grermany. The father learned the miller's trade 
in his native land and followed that business until coming to America about the year 
1853, after which he at once engaged in farming in Clay township of this county. 
Here he met and married Miss Yo-i^ whose parents, George and Anna Fox, were 
native Germans, and settled on a farm near Lakeville, this county. John Fieken- 
scher lived in Clay township for several years, of which he was one of the most sub- 
stantial of the German residents, and became the owner of 160 acres of fertile farm- 
ing land. He did military duty in his native land in accordance with the laws of 
that country. His death occurred on the old homestead, October 3, 1882, his wife's 
death having taken place a year earlier. They were the parents of four children: 
LudwigS. Henry H., Edward D. and George. The mother of these children had been 
previously married to a Mr. Glassaner, by whom she had one child, Charles. Henry 
H. Fiekenscher was reared on the homestead in Clay township, and like the average 
farmer's boy, obtained a practical education in the district schools in the vicinity of 
his home. He became thoroughly familiar with the details of agriculture during 
his youthful days, and many a day was spent in hard labor on the farm. Upon 
starting out in life for himself it was bat natural that he should become a farmer, 
and after the death of his worthy parents he purchased eighty acres of the old home- 
stead and on this place still makes his home. A brother purchased the balance, 
consisting of eighty acres, but Mr. Fiekenscher has charge of and farms the entire 
place, and on account of his careful management the income from the same is ample. 
Fifteen of his eighty acres is timber land. He was married on June 10, 1883, to 
Sophia Kuntsman, who was born in January, 1862, in Penn township, this county, 
her father and mother being Wolf and Sophia (Schafer) Kuntsman, native Germans, 
but now useful and worthy residents of St. Joseph county. Mr. and Mrs. Fieken- 
scher are the parents of two children: Lillie E. , bom September 5, 1884, and Hilda 
S. , born April 4, 1892. The principles of the Democratic party have always com- 
mended themselves to his judgment, and he supports them whenever called upon to 
do so, like the consistent and straightforward man that he is. 

John J. Johhson is one of those men who faithfully served his country during 
the troublous times of war and is now a prominent, law-abiding, public-spirited and 
patriotic citizen. He is a product of the Buckeye State, his birth occurring in 
Marion county on the 1st of December, 1844, on a farm which was owned by his 
father, who came of a prominent English family who settled in America in the lat- 
ter part of the seventeenth century, within about twenty miles of Baltimore, Md. 
McMurray Johnson, the grandfather of John J., removed from Maryland to Marion 
county, Ohio, where he reared his three children: John M., Jonathan and Eliza. He 
cleared and improved a good farm about twelve miles west of Marion and there his 
declining years were spent. He was in good circumstances, owning about 240 acres of 
land, and was a thrifty and practical farmer. The township in which he lived was 
named Montgomery from the town he came from in Maryland, and his home was 
but eight miles from the spot where the brave Col. Crawford was burned at the 
stake by the Indians. Mr. Johnson was an old-time pioneer to whom the West is 
largely indebted for the prosperity which it now enjoys, and after a well-spent life 
he died February 11, 1859. at the age of seventy-eight years. John M. Johnson, 
his son, was born on the old homestead in Maryland, October 16, 1802, and when a 
young man he removed to Ohio with his father, where he assisted him in clearing 
his woodland farm. He was given common school advantages and was married in 
Marion county, Ohio, to Eliza, daughter of William and Sarah (Doty) Odel, the 
former of whom was one of the first settlers of that county and came of Encrlish 
stock that for generations had tilled the soil. The union of Mr. and Mrs. Johnson 
resulted in the birth of six children that lived to grow to maturity: Thomas, George, 
John, Perry, Sarah and Nancy. Mr. Johnson remained on a farm in Marion 
county, Ohio, until 1845, then moved to La Grange county, Ind., settled on a tract 
of wild land where he resided until his death. May 28, 1850, when forty-eight years 



240 PICTORIAL AND BIOORAPHIOAL 

of age. He accumulated a considerable amount of worldly goods, was a substantial 
farmer and an upright citizen. He had three sons in the. Rebellion: George, who be- 
came a member of Company C, One Hundredth Regiment, Indiana Volunteer In- 
fantry, served five months and died at Grand Junction, Tenn., of typhoid fever, 
February 4, 1863; Perry was in the Twelfth Indiana Cavalry, and John J., the sub- 
ject of this sketch. The latter was but an infant when his parents came to Indiana 
and in the district schools of La Grange county his scholastic education was acquired. 
When Abraham Lincoln issued his second call for 300,000 men, Mr. Johnson 
promptly responded to the call and when only seventeen years of age, August 2, 
1862, enlisted in Company G, Eighty-eighth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, 
as a private. His regiment was organized at Fort Wayne and mustered into the 
service of the United States at Indianapolis, August 29, 1862, and he soon found 
himself at Camp Yates, Ky. He was in the battle of Perryrille, October 8, 
1862; Stone River, December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-2. 1863; Elk River. Tal- 
lahassee, Ringgold, Grayville, White Oak Ridge, Tunnel Hill, Buzzard's Roost, 
Resaca, Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek, Eutaw Creek, Jonesboro, 
Atlanta in the pursuit of Hood and in that greatest march in history — Sherman's 
march to the sea, after which he took part in the engagements at Savannah, Averys- 
boro, Bentonville and Raleigh. He was present at the Grand Review in Washing- 
ton, D. C. , May 24, 1865. In all the toilsome marches made by his regiment he 
only rode four miles. He possessed a good constitution and bore the haidships and 
privations of war well. He was mustered out at Washington, June 7, 1865, and was 
honorably discharged at Indianapolis June 18, 1865, and ten days later returned to 
his home and prepared to resume his unfinished education. He attended the La 
Orange Collegiate Institute for five years, from which he graduated in 1870, 
after which he became a pedagogue, an occupation which he followed in Indi- 
ana, Michigan, Illinois and Iowa in the common and graded schools, for 
sixteen years. On the 1st of June, 1871, he married Carrie, daughter of 
Joseph R. and Maria B. (Barrett) Ludwig, the former of whom was bom 
in Berks, Penu., February 4, 1825, a German by descent and a miller by 
trade, which occupation he followed after his removal to Michigan in 1860. In 1863 
he went to Van Buren, Ind. , and in 1875 came to Middlebury and purchased the 
Middlebury Mill, which he operated until his death, June 5, 1892. His marriage 
with Miss Barrett took place November 1, 1849, and resulted in the birth of two 
children: Harry B. and Carrie. Mr. Ludwig was an industrious man of high 
character, well educated and took an especial interest in theology. He was a deep 
thinker, an able reasoner, and he and his wife were members of the Lutheran Church, 
in which he was an elder for many years. Mrs. Ludwig came of Puritan stock of 
New England. Her grandfather, Nathan Barrett, and his son Alva C, settled in 
Northumberland county, Penn., where the former became a prominent and wealthy 
citizen, was a State representative, held many county ofiBces and was for a long 
time justice of the peace. After his marriage Mr. Johnson taught school and also 
farmed, but later, in addition to teaching, followed milling at White Hall, HI. In 
1881 he came to Middlebury and worked in the mill with Mr. Ludwig. He and his 
wife are members of the Lutheran Church, in which he has been both elder and 
deacon. He is a stanch Republican and is one of the charter members of Post 
192, O. & M. Foster Lodge, G. A. R., of Middlebury, and was its commander three 
successive years. He has always taken much interest in educational matters and has 
been secretary of the Middlebury school board for the past three years. He is a 
member of the Chosen Friends, of which he has been secretary six years and is 
Deputy Grand Counselor of the State. He ovras a nice residence in Middlebury, is 
a responsible citizen and stands deservedly high in the estimation of his fellows. 
He is the father of two children: Guy, born June 14. 1873, and May, born March 
15, 1882. He did not hesitate to risk his life for his country and during his service 
•was slightly wounded on three different occasions. At one time a bullet passed 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 241 

directly through his rubber blanket, which was folded snugly, so that the ball made 
twenty-three holes in it and one through his blouse. He lost no time, was never 
in the hospital and was always ready to report for duty. His record was a very 
honorable one and one of which his children have every reason to be proud. 

Chmstian Stutz. In the midst of the failures and disasters of life, it is a real 
pleasure to review the career of a man whose efforts have been crowned with suc- 
cess, and whose life has been honorable in every particular, as has Christian 
Stntz. He is now one of the foremost merchants of Middlebury, and has been an 
active business man of the town since 1854, at which time Middlebury was a small 
hamlet. He was bom in Lorraine, France, March 7, 1826, it being now a portion 
of Germany, a son of Jacob and Ann (Stiner) St«tz, the former of whom tilled the 
soil for a living until his death, which occurred at the untimely age of thirty-one 
years, at which time he was an earnest member of the Lutheran Church. Daniel 
Steiner, the maternal grandfather, was a soldier in the French army, and served 
nnder the great Napoleon in the celebrated Russian campaign, and was in the dis- 
astrous retreat from Moscow. After the death of Jacob Stntz his widow came to 
America and was here married to Peter Amstutz, and by him she became the mother 
of one child, whom she named Catherine. Christian Stutz, who was the only scion 
of his father's house, was brought by his mother and his maternal uncle to America 
in 1827, and after his mother's second marriage resided with his relatives. From 
that time on he was reared by his uncles, Daniel, Christian and Peter, and with 
some property which his mother left him and through the kindness of his uncles, 
he was given a practical common and high-school education at Wadsworth, Canton 
and Wooster. His instructors were fortunately able and experienced, and among the 
most competent were Archibald and John McGregor, the latter of whom ran for gov- 
ernor of the State of Ohio at one time. Christian Stntz learned the details of fann- 
ing in his youth, but when he left Ohio he turned his attention to clerking at Bristol, 
Ind., for Samuel B. Romaine, with whom he remained six months. Following 
this he did farm work in La Grange county, Ind., for four years, after which he came to 
Middlebury and in March, 1854, he opened a mercantile establishment of his own, 
which he has conducted with a steadily increasing business up to the present time. 
When at Bristol he married Ann, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth (Harmon) 
Walker, the former of whom came from England and followed blacksmithing and 
farming. The Harmons were also from England To Mr. and Mrs. Stutz four chil- 
dren have been bom, all of whom lived to mature years: Eugene E., Milton A., Alice 
and Emma. Mr. Stutz began business in a small way and with a small capital, but 
by strict attention to his affairs, integrity and prompt dealing, he gradually bnilt 
up a business of large proportions. Since 18S0 his son, Milton A., has been in the 
business with him, and the name of the firm is C. Stutz & Son. They deal in cloth- 
ing, dry goods, boots and shoes, notions and groceries, in fact, everything contained 
in a general store. They carry one of the largest stocks in the county and the 
largest in Middlebury, or any country town, and have an excellent reputation as 
accommodating merchants and honorable dealers. Mr. Stntz has always attended 
strictly to his business, and has never meddled with affairs that did not concern him. 
He is a Democrat politically, but has never been an aspirant for oflBce. In 1885 he 
erected a substantial brick store, and this year, 1892, erected a similar establishment 
adjoining, which will double the capacity of the establishment. His daughter Emma 
was married to Thomas Daily, a clerk in the First National Bank of Goshen. Milton 
A. married Alice C. Mather, by whom he has four children. Eugene E. is a member 
of the firm of Stutz & Walker, buggy manufacturers, of Goshen. Milton A. was 
bom January 25, 1858, in Middlebury, received a practical education in the com- 
mon schools, and is a well-informed, intelligent and popular man of affairs. His 
wife is a daughter of Jonathan S. and Fannie (Defus) Mather, and her union with 
Mr. Stutz has resulted in the birth of the following children: Fannie A., Clara A., 
Mamie E, and Laura W. Socially Mr. Stutz is a member of the K. of P., and 



242 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

politically he is a Republican. He possesses the confidence of the people, and has 
been treasurer of the town of Middlebury for seven years. He is a pushing young 
merchant, and the stock of goods which he and his father carry is valued at 
$16,000. 

J. W. Sleak, the well-known harness manufacturer and dealer in carriages and horse 
goods, in Elkhart, Ind., is at the head of the well-known firm of J. W. Slear& Son, 
their place of business being located at 420 South Main street, in one of the finest 
business blocks in the city. The firm has become widely known for the excellence of 
the goods sent out from their establishment, and has established a reputation which 
has secured a large and constantly increasing trade, which is most successfully main- 
tained. The enormous increase in the demand for carriages and wagons of all 
grades has led Mr. Slear and his son to engage in this branch of business also, and 
they keep a complete and select line of goods which they sell at very reasonable- 
rates, and have created, especially among the farmers of the surrounding country, a 
popularity that may almost be termed personal friendships. He was bom in Union 
county, Penn., in January, 1844, to Elias and Susanna (Colar) Slear, who were of 
German descent and also natives of the Keystone State. The paternal grandfather, 
William Slear, was a soldier in the War of 1812, and was an early settler of the 
State of Pennsylvania, where he followed the occupation of a tanner. Peter Colar, 
the mother's father, was a blacksmith by trade, and was a man of intelligence and 
energy. In 1864 Elias Slear removed to Ludington, Mich., where he resided 
until his death in 1884, having been quite prominent in military tactics and a cap- 
tain in the Pennsylvania State militia. He and his wife became the parents of eight 
children: Mrs. Harmon, of Ludington, Mich.; Kate, of Ludington, Mich.; Jane, 
of Brown county, Kan. ; and John W., who is the youngest of these children who 
are the living members of the family. John W. Slear was reared on a farm, ed- 
ucated in the public schools, and in 1861, when only sixteen years of age, his name 
could be found on the rolls of Company D, Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania Infantry, with 
which he served until the war closed. He held the rank of second sergeant and 
was in the battles of Gettysburg, Fredericksburg and Antietam, besides numerous 
other engagements of less importance. He was a useful and faithful soldier, was 
always fotmd at his post of duty, and owing to his rugged constitution was not sick 
a day during his long term of service. He was not wounded, and upon being 
mustered out at Hagerstown, Md., he returned home in fair health, to once 
more take upon himself the duties of civil life. Six weeks later he started west, and 
for one year was a resident of Bellevue, Ohio, but since 1866 he has been a resident 
of Elkhart, Ind., which at that time had about 1,000 inhabitants. He estab- 
lished himself in business in a store room located where the Masonic Block now 
stands, but fire destroyed this establishment and left him, stranded on a financial 
shoal. Pluck and energy stood by him however, and in a short time he was again 
out of deep water and floating on a prosperous sea. Although twenty-six years of 
his life were spent in the service of others as a joumeymao, they were well spent, and 
in laboring for others he learned the value of punctuality, faithfulness and industry 
and these attributes have been of great use to him since he engaged in business for 
himself in 1891. His place of business is located at 420 South Main street, in one 
of the finest blocks in the city, and although it has been in operation only a short 
time it will compare favorably with any similar establishment in this part of the 
State, and ably demonstrates what can be acomplished when a man possesses deter- 
mination and good business qualifications, as Mr. Slear most certainly does. As a 
harness-maker Mr. Slear has long had a reputation of his own, and farmers espe- 
cially come unusual distances to purchase goods from him and to have him oversee 
their repairing, while his city patronage is not surpassed by any concern. It is a 
well-known fact that his goods are always reliable and his prices reasonable. The 
firm of Slear & Son carry an immense stock of light and heavy harness, ranging 
from the article used by a truckman to that desired by a gentleman who owns fancy 



MEMOIRS OF INDIAJ!fA. 243 

horaes and drives for pleasure only. They also carry a full line of carriages, road 
carts, wagons and vehicles of all descriptions, turf goods, whips, winter supplies, 
trunks, valises, bags, telescopes, gloves and mittens in endless supply, in fact every- 
thing that is kept in a first-class store. The stock is finely arranged in apartments 
and is so advantageously disposed of about their handsome and commodious store 
room and in the large show windows, that it is the observed of all observers. A force 
of harness makers and expert repairers is constantly kept busy, and make it a point 
to turn out work with -neatness and dispatch. Mr. Slear's son, Ed A. Slear, be- 
came a member of the firm in May, 1892, and by his energy and pleasant and 
accommodating ways has contributed very considerably to the growth of the business 
they now enjoy. He is a capable and energetic young man, and for several years 
was an operator on the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Kailway, where he was 
highly esteemed for his eflSciency and trustworthiness. He is an able assistant to 
his father, and together they can not fail short of marked success, if hard work and 
business insight can accomplish anything. Mr. Slear is very popular throughout 
the county and has served four years as constable, four years as city councilman and 
has been suggested as a candidate for mayor, but respectfully declined the honor. 
Any ordinary city ofiice he is capable of filling, but prefers to devote his time 
and energies to his business affairs. He is a member of the K. of P. and having 
been a gallant soldier in the Union army, is now an enthusiastic member of the G. 
A. R. posts of the city, and in addition is a member of the civic society of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Politically he is a Democrat and has 
supported the men and measures of that party. The maiden name of his wife 
was Lou Smith, by whom he became the father of two children; Charles and Ed- 
ward, the former, as well as the latter, having been employed on the Lake 
Shore Bailroad. Mr. Slear's second wife was Miss Lou Walter, by whom he has 
three children: Nora, Walter and Pearl. Mr. Slear owns a handsome residence in 
Riverside as well as considerable other valuable property, and he and his wife are 
worthy members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Edson Fosteb. Although Elkhart county, Ind. , is well known for the energy, 
enterprise and push of its merchants, Edson Foster stands in the van in this 
enterprise, has shown much wisdom in the conduct of mercantile affairs, and 
through honorable efforts has built up a paying patronage and an enviable reputa- 
tion. He is of Scotch-Irish descent and his remote ancestors were among the 
early settlers of New England. Hesekiah Foster, his grandfather, was a native 
of New Hampshire and took part in the American Revolution. He married and 
reared a family, and both he and his wife lived to an advanced age, his family 
being especially noted for longevity. William E. Foster, his son, was born in 
1797 on a New Hampshire farm, and after receiving a common-school education, 
he left his native State to remove to Vermont, where he was married to Lucinda 
Walker, by whom he became the father of four children: Jane, Emily, Mary and 
Edson. After farming in Vermont until 1829 he removed with his family to 
Orleans county, N. T. , where he purchased a farm on which he resided for seven 
years, coming to Middlebury, Ind., in 1836, and until his death resided four miles 
south of the town. His dissolution took place in the spring of 1837 at the age of 
forty years, at which time he was the owner of 240 acres of land. He was quiet 
and unpretentious in his manners, but possessed decidedly independent views and 
in politics was an old line Whig, and in religion was a Universalist in belief. Edson 
Foster was born at Tunbridge, Vt , August 29, 1821, was brought up on a farm, 
received the advantages of the commou schools, and at the age of fifteen years 
came to Elkhart county, Ind.. with his father, traveling by team and lake vessels. 
He well remembers the Pottawattomie Indians who were removed from northern 
Indiana, the year following their arrival. In 1845 Edson Foster married May H. , 
daughter of James J. and Dolly (Hoffman) White, and to them one child was born, 
a daughter, who lived to grow to maturity: Mary J. After his marriage Mr. 



244 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

Foster remained for a short time on the home farm, and, having been a teacher 
prior to his marriage, he continued to follow this occupation in Elkhart county for 
about ten years thereafter, and became well known as a thorough and practical 
educator and a good disciplinarian. After following the calling of a clerk for four 
years he embarked on the mercantile sea in Middlebury, and has followed the 
calling uninterruptedly and with financial success since 1852, but at the same time 
has looked after his farming interests also. He has from time to time added to his 
land until he is now the owner of about seven hundred acres, and is considered a 
practical and experienced farmer. He is an independent thinker, and throughout a 
long business career he has shown keen commercial characteristics, and has a 
reputation that is untarnished. He is a quiet man of broad and liberal views on all 
subjects of importance, is widely known throughout his section of the couaty, and 
his experience as a man of affairs has given him much insight into human nature 
and little sympathy with pretentious show. He has supported Kepublican 
principles for many years and gives liberally of his means in support of enterprises 
that commend themselves to his excellent judgment. His wife was bom in New 
Jersey and is a woman of much intelligence and excellent opinions. Their 
daughter, Mary J., married Albert J. Hickox, a man of liberal education and fine 
business ability, and a resident of San Francisco, Cal., where he was reared. He 
was a member of the Pacific Mining Stock Exchange of San Francisco, and died 
there July 1, 1883. After the Sand-lot riots occurred, he, in connection with D. O. 
Mills and other capitalists, went to New York City and formed the Petroleum and 
Mining Stock Exchange, with offices in Philadelphia and New York. His son, 
Edson, is now attending the Military Academy of Upper Alton, HI., and is a young 
man of intelligence and much promise. Mrs. Hickox has resided in South Bend with 
her parents since his decease. 

John V. Zeitler is a Bavarian by birth, for in that country he first saw the light 
of day, May 2, 1835, but he has been a resident of this country since 1847, and has 
become thoroughly Americanized. His parents, Henry and Catherine (Klughart) 
Zeitler, were born in Germany, the former in 1802, and throughout life his atten- 
tion was devoted to farming. He was married to Catherine Klughart, who in due 
course of time presented him with five children: Margaret, Catherine, Elizabeth, 
John v., and Andrew, whose death occurred in Alabama, at which time he was in 
the mercantile business and the owner of 3,000 acres of land. The father of these 
children died in Germany in 1842, and his widow subsequently married John M. 
Meyers, a native of that country, and in 1847 the family came to America, going by 
water to Chicago and up the St. Joseph Kiver on a flat-boat, the journey up that 
river occupying one week. As it was during the month of August and the river was 
low, a great deal of time and hard work was necessary in getting their boat over the 
sand bars, etc. They were among the first Germans to come direct to South Bend, 
and soon after they settled on a farm six miles south of the town in the vicinity of 
Bremen, Ind. A year later they took up their residence in Clay township on the 
farm which is now owned and occupied by John V. Zeitler. The land was par- 
tially improved, a log cabin had been built on the place, into which they moved, 
and a little clearing had been done. Both Mr. and Mrs. Meyers died in South Bend. 
John V. Zeitler came to this country with his mother and step-fathor, and in 1872 
purchased the homestead in Clay township, and his parents moved to Sonth Bend. 
During his early years Mi-. Zeitler spent many days in hard labor on the home farm, 
but in 1865 went to South Bend, and in company with his step-father and J. C. 
Knoblock, purchased the St. Joseph Flour Mill, the management of which was placed 
in the hands of Mr. Zeitler, which position he acceptably filled for six years. He 
then sold his interest in this mill, returned to Clay township and purchased the old 
homestead for $10,000. At that time there were few improvements on the place, 
and the present fine buildings and the convenient and comfortable surroundings 
represent the industry and thrift of years. The farm, which contains 160 acres, is 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 245 

exceptionally fertile, and is conveniently located one mile north of the city limits 
of South Bend, which makes it especially valuable. He owns 135 acres in another 
part of the same township, the result of his intelligent management, and every 
enterprise to which he has devoted his attention has been a successful one. Since 
he has been a resident of Clay township he has held the offices of trustee and 
assessor, but as a rule has not been an aspirant for office, his business enterprises 
occupying the most of his attention. He began the battle of life without means, 
and can well recall the time when he worked for 50 cents a day, and 16 and $10 per 
month. At the present time he is one of the heaviest tax payers in the township. 
He was married May 9, 1867, to Miss Lotta Kleindinst, a native of Germany, by 
whom he has two children: Charles and Edward. Mr. Zeitler is a worthy member 
of the A. F. & A. M., and politically supports Democratic principles. 

William H. Alley. Tradition says that the founder of the Alley family in 
America, came from England with the Pilgrims in the famous ship, the "Mayflower," 
and settled in New England in the Green Mountain State, where W. H. Alley, the 
grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was bom and received a common-school 
education. During his early manhood he learned the trade of a tailor, and traveled 
throughout the country, making buckskin suits for the people, which won for him 
the cognomen of the "buckskin tailor." He was married twice, and by his first 
wife became the father of several children who eventually settled in the blue grasa 
regions of Kentucky. Their mother died in Vermont. Mr. Alley finally removed 
from his native State to Washington county, Penn., at which time countless numbers 
of deer roamed through the forests, and every farmer and hunter was well supplied 
with buckskin, which was made into suits by Mr. Alley, who went from house to- 
house for that purpose, which was the general custom in those days. He was mar- 
ried in Pennsylvania to Mrs. Susan J. Eastep, a widow, and their marriage 
resulted in the birth of seven children: James, Henry, John, Ebby, Margaret,. 
Betsy and Dorcas. The father of these children died at Finleyville, Penn., when 
in his sLsty-eighth year, and up to the day of his death was very strong, muscular 
and active. The day prior to his death he walked sixty-five miles, and while over- 
heated drank copiously of cold water, which was the immediate cause of his death. 
He was very supple, and could spring over two horses, taking a few steps and 
jumping from the ground. He was a man of sterling integrity, was sober, indus- 
trious, and he and his wife were worthy members of the Baptist Church. His son 
John, the father of the immediate subject of this memoir, was born in Washington 
county, Penn. , and after receiving a good practical education in the common schools, 
began teaching the young idea, and followed this occupation with success in the 
vicinity of his home in Washington county, Penn., for thirty-two years. In con- 
nection with this occupation he followed the calling of a carpenter during the sum- 
mer seasons, these occupations bringing him in a comfortable competency. Jane, 
the daughter of William Henry and Elizabeth (Livingston) Armstrong, became his 
wife, the Armstrongs being of Scotch Irish and the Livingstons of Irish lineage. 
Six children eventually gathered around their board, whom they named as follows: 
William H., James, Elizabeth, Margaret, Beulah and Susan M. Mr. Alley was an 
intelligent and capable man of business, and while he did not hold office, he attended 
to the township business for others for many years, and in other ways identified 
himself with the welfare of his section. Politically, he was an old line Whig, the- 
principles of which he espoused up to the time of his death, which occurred at about 
the age of seventy years. He was at all times temperate and prudent, honorable in 
his dealings, and during his long career as a pedagogue, taught two generations of 
pupils what knowledge they obtained of the "world of books." He was orderly 
sergeant in the old-time militia, and was present with the troops when they were 
called out at the first execution in Washington county, Penn. The circumstances 
of the case were that a runaway slave from Virginia had come into the county in 
his efforts to escape, and was followed by his master who captured him and took 



246 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

him away. The master was fonnd dead and the slave was recaptured and hnna. 
It was believed that he was innocent, that another negro with whom be was asso- 
ciating at the time did the shooting, for he was considered a desperate character. 
William H. Alley, his son, and the subject of this sketch, was born on October 15 
1830, received the common education of his day, but has since increased his knowl- 
edge by reading good literature and posting himself on tbe current topics of the 
day by means of the newspapers. He learned the trade of a shoemaker in his 
native county, which occupation be followed for about twenty-two years, principally 
in the towns of Cannonsburg, Washington and Brownsville. In Millersburg, 
Holmes county, Ohio, he was married to Miss Letitia Haggerty, daughter of John 
and Mary (Donaldson) Haggerty, the former of whom was of Irish descent and a 
native of Washington county, Penn. He and his wife became the parents of six 
children: Mary J., Ellen, Sarah A., Elizabeth, Matilda and William. Mr. Hago-erty 
was considered an expert stone mason and brick layer in Cannonsburg, Penn., and 
at the age of seventy years died in Noblestown, of that State. He and bis wife 
were members of the Methodist Church, in which he was a class leader and church 
trustee. He was well respected, well educated and capable. The Donaldsons were 
of Scotch origin, and the grandfather of Mrs. Alley was a wagon maker, was well- 
to-do, and left considerable property to his children. His brother in Scotland left 
a large estate which is unclaimed by his American heirs. To Mr. and Mrs. Allay 
three children have been born, the birthplace of all being Cannonsburg, Penn. : 
James, bom July 12, 1858; Harry H., bom April 8, 1862; and Mary J., born March 
27, 1863. Mr. Alley was a member of an old militia company and also of the 
Brownsville Blues, which were State troops. He was called out with his- company 
in 1862 and assisted in guarding the Williamsburg Pike at Hagerstown, and was 
on the battlefield of Antietam after the battle and before the dead were buried, and 
describes the scene as frightful. He was mustered into the United States service 
at Harrisburg, Penn., and was mustered out at the same place, having prior to that 
time endeavored to enlist on two different occasions, but was rejected on account of 
disability. He was made a Mason at Cannonsburg, and held the ofiSce of senior 
warden, and has since discharged the duties of treasurer of his lodge at Middle- 
bury. In 1865 he came to Middlebury with his family, where be has since followed 
his business of shoemaking. For a long time he did an extensive and pushing 
business, employed two men, and did a great deal of fine custom work, for he is a 
very skillful workman and does first-cla-ss sewed work. He has always been an 
industrious and economical man, and through these means has accumulated a com- 
petency, and is now in easy circumstances. He gave all his children good educa- 
tions in the graded schools of Middlebury, and his daughter, Mary J. , has attended 
the normal school at Goshen and Valparaiso, Ind., and for seven years has been 
a successful teacher of Middlebury, five years of which time she has been in 
the grammar department. The son, James, married Sarah Barnes, by whom he 
has two children, is a house painter by trade, and resides at Mooresville, Mo.; 
Harry H. is a painter and grainer at Westville, Ind. Mr. and Mrs. Alley are mem- 
bers of the Lutheran Church, and politically he was a Douglas Democrat and voted 
that ticket for years, but is now a strong Prohibitionist, and stands high as an hon- 
orable man who has all his life pursued a course of integrity. During the Civil war 
he was deputized by Recruiting Officer McDaniels to take five men from Cannonsburg 
to Harrisburg and deliver them to the commander of the post of that city. He was 
well received and took dinner with the officer of tbe day. It was at this time that 
he made an ineffectual attempt to enlist in the Union service, but permitted one of 
his apprentices, William Donaldson, who still bad two years to serve, to enlist. Ho 
took an active part in the battles of Antietam, Gettysburg and Fredericksburg, and 
was an excellent soldier. 

Christian Bucher. The very tine farm owned by the subject of this sketch 
comprises 160 acres, is cultivated in a very intelligent and profitable manner, and 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 247 

is situated in a desirable portion of Clay township. Mr. Bucher is a native of 
Switzerland, where he was born February 2, 1820, a son of Ulrich and Margaret 
(Platter) Bucher, also of that country, the father's birth occurring August 15, 1784. 
His early days were very monotonoun. and were marked by hard and continQons 
labor. He did military service upon attaining a proper age, according to the laws 
of his country, but in 1833 left Switzerland for America, bringing his family with 
him. He settled on a farm in Stark county, Ohio, where he spent a number of 
years, then came to St. Joseph county, purchasing a farm in Clay township, of which 
hia son Christian is now a resident. On this farm he spent the remainder of his 
days, paying the last debt of nature October 24, 1858, hia wife's death having 
occurred a number of years earlier in Ohio. To him and his wife a family of seven 
children were granted, three of whom are living at the present time. The subject 
of this sketch was thirteen years of age when America became his home and during 
hia long residence in the United States he has become thoroughly Americanized and 
is a most loyal subject of Uncle Sam. During the nine yeara that he resided in 
Stark county, Ohio, he attended the district schools, but as the advantages were 
very poor, his education was but limited. He carried a Bible to school, it being the 
only book available, and from it learned what knowledge he could of reading. In 
the spring of 1842 he came to St. Joseph county and the firat year was spent on the 
farm of John Metzger, on Harris Prairie, his services throughout the year amounting 
to $9 per month. At that time his capital consisted of a good constitution and a 
couple of suits of home-made clothes. For ten years he worked by the month and 
by indefatigable industry and perseverance, and the most rigid economy, he was 
enabled to purchase 80 acres of land in Clay township and begin farming for him- 
self. He has since added to his real estate until he now owns 160 acres, which 
makes him one of the most fertile of farms, owing to the careful manner in which 
every detail is looked after. On November 8, 1849, Mr. Bucher took unto himself a 
wife in the person of Miss Mary Smith, who was bom in Stark county, Ohio, March 
15, 1832, a daughter of George and Catherine (Kiefer) Smith, both of whom were 
born in Germany and came to America with their parents, their marriage occurring 
at Canton, Ohio, in December, 1829. Mr. Smith was one of the pioneers of St. 
Joseph county, Ind., taking up his residence in Harris township on the coxmty line 
between Elkhart and St. Joseph counties in the spring of 1835, where he and hia 
wife eventually passed from life. Three years after the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. 
Bucher they settled on the farm in Clay township where they now reside. Six chil- 
dren have been born of their union: Lydia, George, David, Edna, Eddie and Elva. 
Mr. and Mrs. Bucher are members of the Evangelical Church, of which they are 
activo and liberal supporters, and he is a supporter of Republican principles. 

William McCombs has long since passed to that bourne whence no traveler 
returns, but he left his impress on the section in which he resided and his memory 
will long be treasured by those who knew and respected him in life. He was bom 
near Worcester, Ohio, January 31, 1818, a son of Lambert and Hannah (Hague) 
McCombs, natives of Pennsylvania, who were among the early aettlers of St. Joseph 
county, coming here in July, 1829, and braving the dangers and privations of 
pioneer life in order to establish a comfortable home for himself and family. He 
first settled in Clay township near the present aite of Sider's Mill, and there the 
family passed the winter of 1829-30. The following spring they removed to the 
west side of Portage Prairie in German township, in which year the land came into 
market, and Mr. McComb purchased a farm in Section 26, which he settled 
in the spring of the following year. The land was wild and unimproved and the 
Indian population many times exceeded that of the white, but Mr. McComb was of a 
hopeful disposition and knew that time would remedy that state of affairs, so set 
energetically to work to improve his farm. A log cabin was erected on the place 
and there he made his home until circumstances permitted the erection of a better 
residence. After making many improvements Mr. McComb sold the property and 



248 PWrORIAI. AMD BIOGRAFHICAL 

settled one mile west on a farm oa Portage Prairie. About the year 1848 he disposed 
of this property also, and in the fall of that year started for California. The family 
spent that winter in Missouri and the following spring resumed their journey 
westward. From that time until his death Mr. McCombs made California his home^ 
and there his wife also passed from life at the advanced age of ninety-nine years. 
William McCombs, the subject of this sketch was a lad of about eleven years when 
his parents came to St. Joseph county, and in this section he was reared to the inde- 
pendent and healthful life of the farmer. On September 12, 1839, he was married. 
to Miss Eva Gripe, who was born in Montgomery county, Ohio, March 2, 1816, a 
daughter of John and Eva (Roof) Cripe. After their marriage they immediately 
located in Clay township, which has been the home of the family ever since and 
where they reared a family of nine children to honorable and independent manhood 
and womanhood. They christened their children as follows: Elizabeth, John, Lam- 
bert, Maria, Samuel G.,' Eva E. , Hannah L., Sarah A. and William F. The father of 
these children was called from life in December, 18S5, at which time he was a 
worthy member of the German Baptist Church, and one of its most substantial sup- 
porters. He was a very generous father, a kind and loving husband, and left his- 
family well provided for. His widow is the owner of 247 acres of valuable land and 
resides in a commodious and comfortable residence. Eva E., Hannah L. and 
Sarah A. make their home with their mother. Mrs. McCombs rents her farm, and 
although her hair is white with the snows of many winters, she is still wide awake, 
energetic and active and transacts her business affairs in an intelligent and praise- 
worthy manner. She is one of the oldest settlers of St. Joseph county now living,, 
for she came to this section with her parents in the fall of 1830. She has long been 
a worthy member of the German Baptist Church, and being kind hearted, charitable 
and generous, she has numerous friends. 

W. F. West is a business man of Middlebury, Ind. , who has become well known 
for the honorable manner in which he has conducted his affairs, as well as for his 
shrewdness and sagacity as a financier. His father, Fletcher L. West, was of Eng- 
lish and Scotch lineage, but was a native of the Old Dominion, where he first saw 
the light of day on January 8, 1833. In his youth he received but three months' 
schooling, but managed to learn to read and write, and when almost totally unfitted 
to fight the battle of life for himself, he, at the early age of fourteen years, left 
home to make his own way in the world. In childhood he was taken by his mother 
to Buchanan, Mich., but upon starting out to fight the battle of life for himself h& 
came to Elkhart county, Ind., and here learned the trade of a cooper, at which he 
worked in Elkhart and Carson, principally, for a number of years, conducting a stave 
factory and cooper shop combined for three years thereafter at Adamsville, Mich- 
In 1878 he settled down to farming in Jefferson township, Elkhart county, where 
he is at present residing, and where he has many warm friends. His marriage with 
Miss Maria Williams was con.summated in 1842, she being a daughter of Henry and 
Rebecca Williams. Mr. West has become the owner of a nicely improved and 
exceptionally well cultivated farm of eighty acres. Politically he has always sup- 
ported the platform of the Democrat party, and he and his wife have long been 
earnest members of the United Brethren Church. Although Mr. West is now in 
comfortable circumstances, he has traveled a rough road to gain a competency, and 
what he is now enjoying he has the satisfaction of knowing has been earned through 
his own efforts. His children are named as follows; William F., Otis C, George 
C. and Zilda A. The eldest member of this family, William F. West, was born at 
Carson, Ind., July 28, 1859, received a common-school education and learned the 
cooper business of his father. After working in Goshen two years he, in 1886, 
opened a cooper shop in Middlebury and employed four men the year round, a con- 
siderable portion of the time employing eight men, during which time he turned 
out a good deal of cooper's ware. In 1890, 12,000 flour barrels and 2,500 butter 
tubs were made. On April 12, 1883, he married Mrs. Jennie Cornell, a widow, and 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 249 

daughter of Benjamin Zeigler. Mr. and Mrs. West have one daughter named 
Mabel. Mrs. West was the mother of two children at the time of her second 
marriage, George V. and Mattie J. CornelJ. Mr. West is a member of the K. of 
P., Middlebury Lodge, No. 311, in which he holds the office of prelate. In politics 
he is a Prohibitionist, and is a firm believer in the temperance movement of the 
present day. He has recently been elected justice of the peace, but held the same 
office in 1890, the admirable way in which he adjusted his neighbors' difficulties 
resulting in his present election, which office he won, although his opponent was a 
prominent old office holder and a man highly esteemed. He is the owner of real 
estate in Middlebury, comprising in aU, besides the lots on which his residence and 
shop are situated, nine acres within the corporation. He stands deseiwedly high 
among the people of Middlebury, and is a citizen of excellent morals. He and his 
wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which Mr. West is a 
licensed exhorter. He is also Sunday-school superintendent and holds the office of 
steward. He is an intelligent man who holds his own views on all subjects, and, 
being a wide reader of good literature, his views are practical and sound. David 
B. Zeigler, a brother of Mrs. West, was a member of an Indiana regiment, enlist- 
ing from Jefferson township, Elkhart county, in 1862, and was killed at the battle 
•of Murfreesboro, Tenn. He, in partnership with Mathew S. Caldwell, of South 
Bend, established an extensive cannery in Middlebury in the spring of 1893, for the 
putting up of fruits and vegetables. 

Stephen M. Cummins, D. D. S. In this country where so many young men are 
thrown upon their own resources at an early age and are often obliged, while yet 
inexperienced and while yet unfamiliar with their own tendencies and inclinations, 
to choose their occupation in life, it can not always be expected that the most suit- 
able or congenial pursuit will be selected. It thus often occurs that a young man 
finds after a few years that he has made a mistake, and that in some other pursuit 
he can find a larger sum of pleasure and more substantial results. In the old country, 
where too often genius and ambition are both absolutely opposed by the old adage, 
" foDow your father, my son, and do as your father has done," young men do not 
have the advantage they have here. In this country it is the trend of legislation 
to place no obstacle in the way of the full development of talent and the sky- 
ward expansion of genius. Consequently, it should be impressed upon the minds 
of youth that they should begin at an early age to practice introspection and should 
seriously study the famous Delphic oracle, ''know thyself." They will thus find 
as suitable an occupation as did Stephen M. Cummins who, while yet young, 
selected an occupation, that of dentistry, which apparently was just suited to hi& 
qualifications and desires. But in the case of Mr. Cummins, as in the case of 
many other men possessing a great variety of natural gifts, other occupations 
might have been chosen and the same or higher success have been achieved. This 
can not be used as an argument against the importance of self study, because, 
notwithstanding the great variety of natural gifts, it is still true that each person 
should discover what he is best fitted for and what pursuit contributes mostly to his 
pleasure and his purse. While Mr. Cummins would unquestionably have made a 
success as a business man, or as a practitioner of law or many other of the 
learned professions, it is likewise true that no dentist in Indiana has gone down 
deeper into the details of his profession, or carried the practice to greater per- 
fection. Let us see what he has accomplished. 

He was bom in Elderton, Penn., August 22, 1839, and is of that famous 
Scotch-Irish ancestry which is noted for having given to the world nearly all the 
great orators and many of the most distinguished statesmen of modern times. 
Thus to begin with he was blessed with the blood and the renown of a famous race, 
a persistent, aggressive people destined to rise in company with the Anglo-Saxon to 
the highest civilization yet seen on earth. The famUy of which he is a distin- 
guished member first came to America for permanent residence about the time of the 



250 PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

Bevolntionary war and located in the eastern part of the " Keystone State," where 
many of the descendants yet reside. The Doctor's father, William S. Cummins, 
was bom in Indiana county, Penn., and was there reared and educated. Upon 
attaining his majority he went to an adjoining county and followed his trade of 
carpentering, and there married Miss Isabella M. George, the mother of Stephen 
M. She came of an excellent family and in time presented her husband with 
live children, but unfortunately died when our subject was about twelve years of 
age and lies buried in the cemetery of the United Presbyterian Church in Arm- 
strong county, Penn. It thus transpired through the inscrutable providence of 
God that Stephen M. was destined to grow to manhood without the loving care of 
a mother, though through his tenderer years she had guided his footsteps. His 
youth and early manhood were passed in his native State and there a limited edu- 
cation only was secured to supplement his strong Scotch- Irish qualities. In 1855, 
not being certain of what he wanted, he undertook to learn the molder's trade under 
the guidance of an uncle, but was soon forced to abandon it, owing to failing health. 
Fortunately he then hit upon the profession which fate decreed should be his occu- 
pation through life — dentistry. He began the study at the age of seventeen years, 
and after close application and hard study, for about two years, hung out his shingle 
in Dayton, Penn. But he did not cease studying. He realized fully the great 
importance of keeping abreast of the times in the development of methods and appli- 
ances; in fact, from that day to this has been a constant student of the principles of 
his profession. This fact, coupled with his clear mind, strict honesty and determi- 
nation, has been the secret of his success. In 1859 he came farther west and 
located at Bluffton, Ind., subsequently moving to Warsaw, Ind., and in 1862 to 
Elkhart, where he has since lived and labored. Upon his arrival here he was but 
twenty-two years old, was without money or friends, had no resources whatever, as 
his father was poor, save his intelligence, pluck, laudable ambition and unswerving 
honesty of purpose. Yes, he had also the high renown of his race and had his 
profession. What could be expected but the acquirement of a competency and an 
honorable name ? But he was compelled to struggle amid discouragements, for a 
great war was upon the nation and times were too hard to patronize the dentist, 
when aches could be borne, or teeth extracted gratis by the village blacksmith. 
Amid the hard times the outlook was rendered more discouraging by his ill health — 
in fact, sickness prevented him from entering the army and well nigh prevented him 
from making a livelihood from his profession. Steadily, as times grew better, his 
business expanded and his skill increased. Customers continued to multiply and 
prosperity was assured. Friends arose around him, for his life was pure, his social 
attainments high and his manners attractive and winning. Thus he grew in influence 
and usefulness until to-day he is one of the most distinguished citizens of the State. 
His first unpretentious office was in Morehouse block on Main street, and there his 
first years of waiting and discouragement were passed. Now his elegant rooms are 
a delight to the eye and his practice is probably the largest in the State. After 
a time he found himself unable to do the work required of him and was compelled 
to secure assistants, of which he now has several. All the latest and most improved 
methods and appliances are found in his well-equipped office. A full set of beautiful 
teeth can be produced in his office in four hours. Every improvement which inven- 
tion and science has given to the dental world has been taken advantage of by Dr. 
€ummins. In 1869 he took the degree of doctor of dental surgery from the Ohio 
College of Dental Surgery, Cincinnati. In 1885 he was elected mayor of Elkhart 
and served one term. Back in his life when he was first endeavoring to solve the 
bread and butter problem, while he was at Bluffton, Ind., he met, loved and won a 
beautiful girl. Miss Helen M. Case, of tliat town, and they were married. Two sweet, 
accomplished daughters are the result of this union. The Doctor is gentlemanly, 
full of enterprise and energy, a lover of home and country, and affiliates with the 
Masonic fraternity and the Episcopal Church. 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANA. 251 

Albebt J. Knepp, of Middlebury, Ind., is among the self- made and practical 
business men of this town and has certainly been the architect of his own fortunes, 
as be began life with nothing except a sturdy determination to succeed by industry 
and thrift. He comes of an old colonial family of Pennsylvania, whose ancestors 
came from Germany at a period long antedating the American Ilevolution. The 
great-grandfather of Albert J. Knepp, Peter Knepp, was a soldier of that war and 
his son Peter was a soldier of the War of 1812, and gave valuable aid to the American 
cause. He resided with his people in Snyder county, Penn., for many years 
and there he became a substantial and progressive farmer, a calling to which his 
attention was directed the greater portion of his life. His son Peter, the father of 
the subject of this sketch, was bom in that county and was there married to Sophia 
Smith, by whom he became the father of six children: Edward, Albert J., Sophia 
Margaret, Polly and Calvin. The father of these children, like his father before 
him, became an honest and prosperous tiller of the soil, won the highest respect of 
his acquaintances as an honest and upright man, and at all times supported the 
platform of the Republican party. At the present time he is supervisor of this 
township and is in the enjoyment of the public's confidence as well as in the 
enjoyment of a comfortable competency. His son, Albert J. Knepp, was born in 
Snyder county, Penn. , July 24, 1855 on the farm belonging to hia father, and in 
the district schools in the vicinity of his home he received a practical common- 
school education, the intervals between the school terms being devoted to following 
the plow or wielding the hoe on the home farm. When twenty-one years of age, on 
the 24th of December, 1877, he led to the hymeneal altar Miss Mary Haines, 
daughter of Joseph and Harriet (Kouch) Haines, who were also Pennsylvanians of 
German descent. One child has been born to Mr. and Mrs. Knepp, Gertie, who was 
bom on the 7th of January, 1878. After his marriage Mr. Knepp adopted the trade 
of a miller, which he learned under his father-in-law, and for three years worked at 
this business in Pennsylvania In 1881 he decided to follow Horace Greeley's advice 
and "go west," and the same year settled on a farm near Emporia, Kan., but 
after a residence there of one year he settled in Goshen, Ind.. and became an 
employe of the Goshen Milling Company, with which he remained for five years and 
here gained the reputation of being a first-class and painstaking miller. Through 
the exercise of economy, thrift and self-denial, his earnings gradually accumulated 
until he had amassed considerable means, with which he purchased a half interest 
in the Middlebury Flouring Mill, of Joseph R. Ludwig, and came to Middlebury to 
reside. At that time the mill contained old-fashioned machinery, having but three 
runs of stones, but Mr. Knepp immediately began to make improvements, and soon 
had the mill equipped with modern machinery and it is now a full roller mill, pro- 
ducing exceptionally fine flour for the general trade, made by the new process sys- 
tem, meal and feed being also extensively ground. The mill was nicely fitted up in 
modern style at a cost of between $7,000 and S8,000, and through his own efforts he 
now ranks among the first millers of the State, and is intimately acquainted with all 
the latest methods for procuring fine flour. The firm does business under the name 
of Knepp & Elliott, and their trade has grown to such proportions that from 
three to four car loads of flour are shipped per week, besides the large amount of flour 
that goes to supply the home custom. The business is constantly on the increase and 
is successfully managed by Mr. Knepp, who is one of those men who, by determina- 
tion, industry, thrift and economy, raises himself from a humble begining to rank 
among the highest civilians. Such men as he are model American citizens and con- 
stitute the most sterling elements of society. He is held in high esteem by the 
people and has been a member of the town council of Middlebury, to which he was 
elected by his numerous Republican friends. He and his wife are members in 
good standing of the Lutheran Church, and for many years have kept the 
faith. 

Peter Ceipe. This gentleman is one of the many who have spent the greater 



352 PIOTOBTAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 

portioa of their live3 itj davelopiag the coaatry that their children and grandchil- 
dren might enjoy the advantages which they themselves were denied. In fact, these 
of the present day are the heirs of all the ages and protit by the labor and self-de- 
nial of the hardworking classes of times past. Mr. Gripe is a Montgomery county 
Ohioan, where he was born May 12, 1824, his parents being John and Eva (Roof) 
Gripe, natives of Pennsylvania. John Gripe was born August 5, 1798, and in the 
State of his birth-he was reared on a farm, in which State he was also married De- 
cember 26, 1813, his wife being a daughter of Peter and Margaret (Replogle) Roof, 
who were also born in the Keystone State. John Gripe removed to Montgomery 
county, Ohio, at an early day and after residing there on a farm until the fall of 
1830, came with his family to St. Joseph county, Ind., and in German township, 
entered 380 acres of land, on which h« erected a log cabin, and like the majority of 
pioneer settlers commenced at th